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The writer will then be ready to write a first draft where the outline is expanded into paragraphs (Introduction to technical writing/documentation) and a glossary of terms is created (The technical writing process). The writer will then revise the first draft, including checking for completeness and accuracy, checking that writing is clear and concise, proofreading with spelling and grammar checks, reviewing mechanics such as abbreviations, acronyms and initialisms expansion after their first usage (Introduction to technical writing/documentation) and making sure that the correct working is used for copyright notices of any third-party products (The technical writing process). A third-party proofreader is a good idea if someone is available for this task. The writer will also want to send the documentation to a subject-matter expert for a technical accuracy check and make the requested corrections (The technical writing process).
The final process is documentation delivery to users. Sub-steps depend on the…
Introduction to technical writing/documentation. http://www.perlmonks.org/?node_id=130249
Objectives in technical writing. http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_gerson_techwrite_4/0,4315,151927-,00.html
The technical writing process. http://www.docsymmetry.com/technical-writing-process.html
Pre-Writing, Writing, Revising, and Editing: Steps of the Writing ProcessBefore taking this class, I did not approach writing in a systematic way. I would often write from start to finish, with little thought of how to tailor my writing for specific projects. I would correct my writing for grammar and spelling, but I did not understand how to edit my own work. Then, I was introduced to The Four Steps in the Writing Process, of prewriting, writing, revising, and editing.Prewriting is something I have often neglected, because I often have procrastinated in the past when an assignment was due, leaving me little time to brainstorm interesting ideas or to outline. I would just rush right through the essay, and also have little time for revision. When writing my comparison on essay of Astrology versus Astronomy, however, it was useful to first brainstorm topics that might be useful to compare (ones…
“4 Prewriting Strategies to Prepare You for Your First Draft.” Master Class. https://www.masterclass.com/articles/how-to-use-prewriting-to-improve-your-writing-process#4-prewriting-strategies-to-prepare-you-for-your-first-draft
“The 4 Steps in the Writing Process.” Seeds of Literacy. 12 December 2017. https://www.seedsofliteracy.org/the-4-steps-in-the-writing-process/
.....filled with confidence that I was going to impress people with what I had to say. Of course, when my first assignment received constructive criticism, I reeled. Since then, I have cultivated a sense of humility and a greater realism in my approach to writing. I think more about my goals with each piece, keeping in mind my audience. If my audience is hostile to my ideas, and I am writing to persuade them, I anticipate what they might say to counteract each of my points. Then, I start the process of outlining and jotting down ideas. What I used to find annoying, restrictive, and tedious I now find to be the most enjoyable aspect of writing. When outlining and brainstorming ideas, I do not need to worry about form and style, or tone and diction. All I need to be concerned about is the veracity of my statements, the…
It is easy, in this instance, to overlook spelling mistakes and errors in clarity and reasoning.
Team dynamics can benefit or harm the collaborative writing process. There is an advantage to working with individuals one already knows; there are few surprises with respect to personality traits as they relate to the work. Sometimes better writing can be accomplished when teams are assigned, as this can facilitate diversity and ensure less "groupthink" and more substantive discussions (Powers, Dunn-Lewis, and Fraser, n.d.). Team identity can be forged purposefully, as when a leader is formally appointed or agreed upon by the group. In some cases, leadership emerges without conscious decision. Strong writers or content area experts are natural choices for leadership roles, but sometimes personalities come into play. This is not necessarily a negative. An individual who is neither the strongest writer nor the most knowledgeable in terms of content may possess the…
Kittle, P., & Hicks, T. (2009). Transforming the group paper with collaborative online writing.
Pedagogy 9 (3), pp. 525-538.
Powers, S.R., Dunn-Lewis, C., & Fraser, G. (n.d.) Collaborative writing resources. UConn
Writing Center. Retrieved from http://www.writingcenter.uconn.edu/collabwriting.php
This is helpful advice for college students who wish for their work to stand out from that of their peers, for by choosing descriptive words over the general, writers can discover stronger and more vibrant ways in which to present their ideas in a thoughtful and critical way.
Goldberg's essay touches on the vital importance of paying attention to the world around us as we seek to learn the names of everything that we encounter. This is a practical tool that Cheryl L. Dozier cites as an effective way to encourage students to make the connection between what they read in books and what they see in the world around them. In such a way, a greater appreciation of words is created, along with an educational foundation which encourages strong literacy skills. In her essay "Literacy Coaching: Engaging and Learning with Teachers," Dozier writes that "noticing and naming involves an…
Dozier, Cheryl L. "Literacy Coaching: Engaging and Learning with Teachers." Issues in Literacy 18 (2008): 11-19. Web. 15 Nov. 2011.
Goldberg, Natalie. "Be Specific." Writing Down the Bones: Freeing the Writer Within.
Boston: Shambhala Publications, 2005. Print.
Lamott, Anne. "Shitty First Drafts." Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life. New York: Anchor Press, 1995. Print.
One could write an entire essay around this sentence. The better topic sentence would be to define a particular aspect of the weather and go from there. In addition, certain seasons could be compared to specific seasons or weather conditions.
5. If the thesis is weak, the paper could go in many different directions and the result could be a poorly defended thesis. In addition, a weak thesis might not even describe the correct definition of the paper. The thesis needs to be strong so that each paragraph can defend it without the paragraph feeling lost or off-topic. A carefully crafted thesis statement will guide the writer. In addition, a strong thesis will make the writing process easier because it is focused.
6. A good topic sentence but weak support indicates that the proof is not as strong as it could be. In this situation, I would look at my…
Miller, George. The Prentice Hall Reader. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 1995.
Parks, Franklin, et al. Structuring Paragraphs. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1981.
Night the Crystals Broke
Write where you got inspiration from?
The inspiration from this poem comes from my grandmother and her family, who lived through the pogroms and just before the Nazis took over Hungary. The title refers to the Kristallnacht, the event in which the Nazis burned synagogues and their religious items, and broke the windows. They also broke the windows of the local businesses. This poem also refers to the journey that was scary and arduous, over the Atlantic in the ship to Ellis Island. The statue at the end of the poem is the Statue of Liberty, which welcomed the "poor" and "hungry" masses, like my grandmother's people.
(2) Which author and poem did you refer to when writing this poem?
There is no one author or poem I referred to here. This is a completely original work. However, it is written in the form of a…
I don't grade the final draft in class, as I need more time to carefully read it and give it a rubric score (TIMELINE (http://www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com/writing/writingprocess/timeline.)"
This is a valuable aspect of the writing timeline that the teacher has developed. It provides the student with the ability to earn points on having excellent ideas and content even if the grammar and spelling is not up to par.
For many students the fear of writing begins when they turn in something they worked hard to produce and thought they had a wonderful writing idea, only to have it returned with red marks all over it for grammar errors.
Grammar and punctuation are very important elements to the lesson of writing, however, one must also consider the ideas and content that were offered as well.
Dividing the grading system into two areas, one for ideas and content and the other for grammar, spelling…
The Writing Timeline http://www.mhhe.com/mayfieldpub/tsw/wt.htm in Kim's classroom and predict the advantages and disadvantages of using a tool such as the TIMELINE. http://www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com/writing/writingprocess/timeline.html
Teaching writing to exceptional children: reaction and recommendations.
From: Exceptional Children | Date: April 1, 1988 | Author: Barenbaum, Edna | More results for: "teaching writing"
The Bridge to Powerful Writing and Increased Test Scores: Skills and Effective Methodology for Teachers by Barbara Mariconda http://www.teach-nology.com/tutorials/teaching/powerwrite/
The story was filled with factual accuracy, while fictional, and vividly rich with images and characters that she and her father could picture with accurate detail. Romano tells us how Mariana finished the story with a young member of the family holding a roughly cut, wooden pony, and how when she gently finished the tale as he was in tears
Villanueva, Victor. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana, Ill: National Council of Teachers of English. 1993. Print. This book an unusual book: at one level it is autobiographical, detailing the life of an American of Puerto Rican extraction from his childhood in New York City to an academic post at a university. At another level, Villanueva ponders his experiences in light of the history of rhetoric, the English Only movement, current socio- and psycholinguistic theory, and the writings of Gramsci and Freire, among others.
Zinsser, K. William. On…
present this article in a scholarly fashion, which lends credibility to the authors -- an issue that is extremely crucial considering their audience. hile Germano et al. cite nearly no evidence for their argument, Lehr's article is packed with research regarding not only how students see revision and the writing process, but also about how teachers can address the problem. The information is specific, pointing to certain grade levels, activities, etc.
A closer look at these two articles, then, reveals that they have more similarities than differences. In fact, the only major difference between the two is the audience and factual information contained in the articles. In addition, these differences are warranted given the articles' different purposes. Germano et al.' s article can almost be seen as an extension of Lehr's -- encouraging professionals to take the same advice that they give their students. In fact, it is expressly because…
Germano William et al. "Revision as Writing, Writing as Revision." Modern Language
Association. 2007. 15 May 2009.
Lehr, Fran. "Revision in the Writing Process." B. NET. n.d. 15 May 2009.
(Fisher & Frey, 2003, p. 396)
There is little that demands that all the instruction be given by a single teacher. In fact the supplementation of writing instruction directly from a teacher by a timeline program that guided progress of a package/driven writing assignment could be very fruitful.
Fisher & Frey point out that students often benefit in unexpected ways from processes such as journaling, (Fisher & Frey, 2003, p. 396) which can bee seen as a first brainstorming session, where students express their ideas and then narrow their ideas to a single topic. (Steele, 2008, NP) if the process of writing was more guided and offered both intrinsic and extrinsic rewards, such as the scoring and direct interaction functions of the Steele proposal more writing would likely take place in a functional way. Another manner in which to motivate students in a systematic writing style is through the utilization…
Campbell, N. (2002). Getting Rid of the Yawn Factor: Using a Portfolio Assignment to Motivate Students in a Professional Writing Class. Business Communication Quarterly, 65(3), 42.
Fisher, D., & Frey, N. (2003). Writing Instruction for Struggling Adolescent Readers: A Gradual Release Model Because New Accountability Systems Focus on Writing, Struggling Students Need Daily, Coordinated Instruction That Is Meaningful. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46(5), 396.
Kuriloff, P.C. (2004). Rescuing Writing Instruction: How to Save Time & Money with Technology. Liberal Education, 90(4), 36.
The Mayfield Handbook of Technical and Science Writing (2001) "The Writing Timeline" Retrieved April 12, 2008 at http://www.mhhe.com/mayfieldpub/tsw/wt.htm
He stated that, "I mean printed works produced ostensibly to give children spontaneous pleasure and not primarily to teach them, nor solely to make them good, nor to keep them profitably quiet." (Darton 1932/1982:1) So here the quest is for the capture and promotion of children's imagination through stories and fables that please as well as enlighten. There is always the fallout that once a child learns to love to read he or she will read many more things with greater enthusiasm than before.
The children's literature genres developed in Mesopotamia and in Egypt over a roughly 1,500-year period - proverbs, fables, animal stories, debates, myths, instructions (wisdom literature), adventure and magic tales, school stories, hymns and poems - pass down to the Hebrews and the Greeks. The Old Testament owes much to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian literature (Adams 2004:230)
One can see that, as stated previously, children's literature is…
Adams, Gillian. 2004. "16 Ancient and Medieval Children's Texts." pp. 225-238 in International Companion Encyclopedia of Children's Literature, vol. 1, edited by Hunt, Peter. London: Routledge.
Ancient Babylonia - Gilgamesh Tablet. 2009. Bible History. Retrieved 2 August 2010 ( http://www.bible-history.com/babylonia/BabyloniaGilgamesh_Tablet.htm .).
Bell, Robert H. 2005. "Inside the Wardrobe: Is 'Narnia' a Christian Allegory?." Commonweal, December 16, pp. 12-15
Bible Maps. 2009. Genisis Files. Retrieved on 6 August 2010 ( http://www.genesisfiles.com/Mtararat.htm )
By this time, had a quite a bit of confidence because I had already written a successful speech. In addition, I was very excited about the speaking opportunity and spent many long hours preparing for the presentation. I noticed that my writing was improving but I still remember having doubts about my speaking and writing abilities.
As I began college I was worried that I would need to write. I remember thinking to myself; how could I avoid writing? I knew that if I got a job I would be required to write letters and reports. I remember beginning to prepare for a college exam and that same fear of writing came over me again. I remember thinking, how would I pass my English composition test if I could not write? Searching the Internet I found a preparatory course for the English composition test. As I started the course my…
Learning to read and write are complementary skills. While in the younger years, writing depends on reading skills, by middle and high school, they are complementary skills: reading is necessary to do writing assignments, while writing about what has read increases comprehension of the reading materials. For this reason, separating reading and writing instruction from content areas is arbitrary and will eventually interfere with the students' progress in those content areas.
From the day children are born, parents are told by doctors, teachers and other experts to read to them, and to read to them every day. They are told to do this because hearing language that contains story lines, rich language and vivid imagery facilitates language development and develops a desire to read. From "The Poky Little Puppy" to Rudyard Kipling, children's literature exists that uses language in exciting and colorful ways. Good children's literature doesn't sound the same…
Erickson, Lawrence.Jan. 11, 1998. "Informational literacy in the middle grades." The Clearing House.
Foley, Regina M. Winter, 2001. "Academic Charateristics of incarcerated youth and correctional educational programs: a literature review." Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.
Gardill, M. Cathleen, and Jitendra, Asha K.April 15, 1999. "Advanced Story Map Instruction: Effects on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities." Journal of Special Education: Vol.33.
Nourie, Barbara; Livingston, Lenski, and Davis, Susan.July 17, 1998. "The (in)effectiveness of content area literacy instruction for secondary preservice teachers." The Clearing House: 71: 372-375.
start of any writing project can be intimidating, and pre-writing strategies are helpful in moving the writer into the project. People think differently, and may have different opinions about which pre-writing strategy works best. Brainstorming, which is effective for enough people that it is taught starting in elementary school, is one highly effective pre-writing strategy that anyone can employ instantly at the start of a project, or whenever they feel a need to generate fresh ideas. While other pre-writing strategies may be more effective for some people, when faced with the topic of renewable energy and a blank page to fill, I found that brainstorming was easiest and most effective pre-writing strategy for me.
I began the pre-writing process by engaging in free writing on the topic of renewable energy. I found that my free writing session generated more questions than answers, such as, "Is wave power a viable source…
Create a 1,050- to 1,400-word grant writing guide that highlights the most important parts of the grant writing process from beginning to end, including submission guidelines and addressing post grant activities.Grants are a critical funding source for many organizations that rely on a diversified capital approach. These organizations are varied and can include governments, charities, private donors, and municipalities. This diversity of capital helps many organizations to reduced their reliance on one primary source of funding. Overreliance on a funding source can harm organizations as a single funding source can be adversely impacted by prevailing macroeconomic factors. Grants are typically awarded by a variety of organizations, businesses, and non-profits. By have a diversified approach; organizations can better mitigate the impacts of a particular funding source ceasing funding. Grants, particular of late are a very critical element of this diversified approach. Grants, unlike loans, do not need to be repaid back…
Market forces have helped to shape the development of the modern medical system. Yet each nation manages these market forces to their own needs -- some systems remove medicine almost entirely from the market, while others only have limited government intervention. This article represents a preliminary exploration of the concepts that were first identified thirty years ago in the works of Heggenhougen (1984) and Dewalt (1986). These authors laid the foundation for the study of how the market economy has influenced the development of health care around the world.
The influence of the market economy has in particular been felt in the realm of drug development, and that is the area where the present study will focus. Building on these early works, the present study will examine drug development processes in different nations around the world, in particular examining the juxtaposition between drug development in the United States, versus the…
DeWalt, B. R. (1986). Directions in Anthropological Research on Agrarian System in Central America and Mexico. Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development, 15, 25-43.
Gunel, M., Hand, B. & Mcdemott, M. (2009) Writing for different audiences: Effects on high-school students' conceptual understanding of biology. Learning and Instruction. Vol. 19 (4) 354-367.
Heggenhougen, H. K. (1984). Will Primary Health Care Efforts be Allowed to Succeed? Social Science and Medicine, 19(3), 217-224.
Critical thinking to me is a useful tool because it allows someone to deduce and interpret scenarios and the world around them. So much relies on making the right choices. From going to a good school to picking a worthwhile major, to who to marry. Everything happens in accordance to how one reacts and does things.
Critical thinking enables a more effective thought process. It promotes asking questions and a desire to see the "whole picture." If one does not try to see things from a varied perspective, one misses what the actual meaning behind something is since subjectivity differs from reality. Various authors like Bedau and Barnet, Chaffee, McMahon and Stout, and Facione will highlight what critical thinking is to them and how one may apply critical thinking to their own contemplations and writing. I define critical thinking as a means of connecting and interpreting thoughts and concepts.
Barnet, Sylvan, and Hugo Adam Bedau. Current Issues And Enduring Questions. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.
Chaffee, John, Christine McMahon, and Barbara Stout. Critical Thinking, Thoughtful Writing. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1999. Print.
Facione, Peter A. Critical Thinking. Millbrae, CA: California Academic Press, 1998. Print.
In Emily Dickenson's poetry we share images that she sees, and hew viewpoint is often a bit odd, but useful in showing us what she feels. She often splits herself into the seen and the one seeing, as if part of her can observe from outside. In her poems, Emily Dickenson often pauses time and observes very small things, such as a fly and then she focuses upon one well chosen detail. In addition, Dickenson allows other things and people to see her, as in the "gazing grain" she passes in "Because I Could not Stop for Death" Her voice in these poems is calm, almost detached, just reporting what she sees and hears. These always seem to go together, as I do not recall much of her poetry which uses only one.
Dickenson uses imagery and sensory information to convey her meaning, never stooping to merely telling…
Dickinson, Emily, (1830 -- 86). Complete Poems. 1924.
Martin, Wendy, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Emily Dickinson. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Patterson, Rebecca. Emily Dickinson "s Imagery. Ed. Margaret H. Freeman. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1979.
management process. Also, I will give a personal example of how I would incorporate that task into my ideal position of a food service manager. Lawn (2013) suggested that the food service industry should be an important market to make significant gains in the near future. He reported that "foodservice in business and industry has recovered from the recessions doldrums and performed and should also grow significantly in 2013. " This exercise is practical examination of this industry and how management processes can make real and effective changes towards an organization's performance.
Planning is very important part of the management process. It is the basis of which all of the other steps grow from. Planning means to have a long-term goal or objective. ith that objective in mind, plans should be systems of action that support the organization reaching those goals. Planning should be customized to meet the unique…
Lawn, J. (2013). FM 2013 Foodservice Market Outlook. Food Management, 11 Feb 2013. Retrieved from http://food-management.com/colleges-amp-universities/fm-2013 - foodservice-market-outlook
United States Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook. "Food Service Managers." Viewed 14 Mar 2013. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/food-service - managers.htm
Vasilion, L. (2005). Emerging Trends in Food Service. Dietary Manager, October 2005. Retrieved from http://www.anfponline.org/Publications/articles/2005_10_074Trends.pdf
resource ownership, namely a process that includes a virtual address space to hold the process image. he process is the key to the system. Each process is constantly in one of three stages: Ready, Running, or Blocked. he operating system keeps track of its state and manages its movement amongst the various states. It is in charge of operating, managing, and terminating the various processes as well as seeing that its activities are coordinated, managing conflicting demands, and allocating system resources to the processes. A running process can also be interrupted either by an even outside the process (an "interrupt') or by execution of the operating system.
he two main elements of the process are the program code and the set of data that is connected with that code. Every process also contains the following elements:
Identifier -- a unique tag that separates it from other processes
State -- i.e.…
The other sort of resource that can become deadlocked is consumable resource, which can be engineered and removed, such as signals or messages. Deadlock occurs if a signal (for instnace0 is obstructed so that it cannot be received. There is no single system that can remove all the different types of deadlocks that can possibly occur and the best way is prevention, in other words designing a system in such a way that none of the 4 conditions of deadlock can occur. Deadlock avoidance can also be practiced where three conditions for the deadlock situation may be allowed to exist, but the user endeavors to ascertain that a deadlock situation will not occur. Finally, detection too can be used where the user wishes to check for deadlock in order to take action to break it (Stalings, 269)
Stalings, W. (2009). Operating systems: Internals and design principles, 6th ed. Prentice Hall.
This should always be the case and bad things will happen again if Toyota stumbles. The fact that Toyota is not a domestic car maker will be used against them by opportunists.
A struggle that has been encountered by many car makers is the "complex web" (as the case study calls it) of dealers, parts suppliers, offices and so forth that have to be managed when running a car company. Toyota has nearly nine thousand employees in the United States alone and they (as well as the dealers) are strewn across the United States.
The management of inventories, parts and customer support in general needs to be as complex as it needs to be but it should not be made less simple than it can be. Building up the corporate morass of bureaucracy is idea because it limits the company's ability to react to crises, such as the…
Yahoo. (2013, February 24). TM Profile | Toyota Motor Corporation Common Stock - Yahoo! Finance. Yahoo! Finance - Business Finance, Stock Market, Quotes, News. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=TM+Profile
Yahoo. (2013, February 24). TM: Summary for Toyota Motor Corporation Common- Yahoo! Finance. Yahoo! Finance - Business Finance, Stock Market, Quotes, News. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=TM
Yahoo. (2013, February 24). TM Key Statistics | Toyota Motor Corporation Common Stock - Yahoo! Finance. Yahoo! Finance - Business Finance, Stock Market, Quotes, News. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ks?s=TM+Key+Statistics
Yahoo. (2013, February 24). TM Competitors | Toyota Motor Corporation Common Stock - Yahoo! Finance. Yahoo! Finance - Business Finance, Stock Market, Quotes, News. Retrieved February 24, 2013, from http://finance.yahoo.com/q/co?s=TM+Competitors
Strategic Management Process
Strategic management entails the steps taken and combination of managerial decisions which sums up the future performance of a particular company. It entails the four pillars of management. The strategic plans give a framework for the entire company to not only use but also apply. The strategic management consists of steps that shape up the implementation, strategic planning as well as evaluation (Wheelen and Hunger, 2004).
First step: The initial step is to decide the mission of the company and its aims and objectives. Each company requires a mission. When the aims and objectives of an organization are crystal clear, then the managers can work with identifying the viability of its services and products. The managers also need to recognize the goals put in effect at present and strategies being worked upon. The aims and objectives of a company can decide the criteria for performance that employees…
Wheelen, T. And Hunger, D. (2004).Strategic Management and Business Policy.Prentice & Hall, New Jersey.
Knight, B. (2008).Strategic management of British Airways Company. Retrieved on November 10, 2013: from http://bizcovering.com/business/strategic-management-of-british-airways-company/
Wheelen, T. And Hunger, J.(2007). Concepts in strategic management and business policy: Achieving sustainability. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
international business expansion process.
International recruitment and selection brings a number of challenges for business organizations. They not only face difficulties in hiring the desired skillful staff from the host country, but may also have to deal with severe financial and cultural diversity issues. Through this research study, an effort has been made to highlight the major challenges and issues which make the international recruitment and selection process more complex and challenging for multinational organization.
The research report starts with an ample introduction to the esearch question and proceeds by highlighting the core objectives of the research study. The research question clearly states the major objective of this research study in a quite precise and succinct manner. The most important section of the research report is Literature review which has been written after a comprehensive research from a number of academic and industry journal articles and books; most of which…
Ashamalla, M.H. 1998, International Human Resource Management Practices: the Challenge of Expatriation. CR, 8 (2): 54-63.
Andeason, A.W. 2003, Expatriate Adjustment to Foreign Assignments. The International 6 tyJournal of Commerce and Management, 13 (1): 42-60.
Andersen, T.M., & Svarer, M. 2006, Flexicurity -- the Danish Labor Market Model. Available from [Accessed July 26th, 2012]
Baudler, C.R. 2011, Employee Engagement: Through Effective Performance Management by Edward M. Mone and Manuel London, Personnel Psychology, 64 (3): 813 -- 816.
The Selection Process for Aspirant State Police Officers
Becoming a police officer at the state level requires dedication, courage and tenacity. Indeed, the process for state officers can often be more streamlined, bureaucratic and selective than that engaged at the municipal or local levels. Therefore, becoming a State Trooper will call for a commitment to the recruitment, preparation, testing, and training processes that are streamlined and specific to each state. As the discussion here shows, there are a number of eligibility requirements, guidelines and expectations which can help the aspirant officer navigate the process.
According to the Law Enforcement Preparation Center (LEPC), the process of being hired into a department as a state level officer can actually take up to 9 months. This is because of the lengthy testing, monitoring and training periods which follow the acceptance of the candidate's application. According to the LEPC, "the requirements to…
Indiana State Police (ISP). (2009). State Troopers. In.gov.
Law Enforcement Preparation Center (LEPC). (2010). How To Become a Police Officer in Your State. Passthepolicetest.com.
Learning Express Editors (LEE). (2010). Becoming a Police Officer: The Selection Process. Education.com.
Federal Procurement Process
Highly publicized incidents such as the federal government purchasing at $500 hammer or $2,500 toilet seat continue to capture headlines as examples of a federal procurement process gone awry, but these notorious examples have become few and far between in recent years, due in large part to significant reforms such as the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 that minimized some of these problems. Despite these substantive reforms, the federal government continues to receive criticisms concerning the manner in which it administers the procurement process. In order to gain new insights in this area, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to describe the legal and administrative framework and socio-economic considerations of the federal procurement process. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
At present, federal procurement contracts are governed by a number of…
Farazmand, A. (2001). Privatization or public enterprise reform? International case studies with implications for public management. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Nou, J. (2009). Privatizing democracy: Promoting election integrity through procurement contracts. Yale Law Journal, 118(4), 744.
Sparks, H.C. & Wichmann, H. (2007). Help clients get government contracts: Quick, who is the biggest customer in the world? Journal of Accountancy, 203(3), 32-34.
Improvements to Target's Logistics Processes
As one of the leading retailers in North America, Target Corporation (NYSE:TGT) has one of the most advanced logistics, supply chain management and planning systems and series of processes in the retail industry. Target has specifically designed their entire value chain to deliver higher-end electronic products that can compete with WalMart, specifically in the areas of flat screen televisions, laptop computers and increasingly, Apple-branded iPads and iPod products. Target is also using their advanced supply chain processes including Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and eplenishment (CPF) to compete in the high-end women's clothing lines that WalMart is not choosing to compete in (Target Investor elations, 2012). At the close of their latest fiscal year, Target was operating approximately 1,760 stores in 49 states. Target finances its operations through its retail and credit card business units, using the profits from those two operations to finance the operations of…
Columbus, L. (2008, The perfect order meets customer expectations. Supply & Demand Chain Executive, 9(4), 37-38.
Copacino, W.C. (1993). Creating the perfect order. Logistics Management, 32(2), 27-27.
Henderson, T.P. (2001). Kmart, Target outline best practices for ensuring vendor supply chain compliance. Stores, 83(3), 74-78.
Debra Hofman (2004, September). The HIERARCHY of SUPPLY CHAIN METRICS. Supply Chain Management Review, 8(6), 28-37.
map, process chain) ScrewFast Inc. ( information case instructions Slack, "Operations Management," Chapter 5 flow charts) • Analyze interfaces departments ( case instructions) • Prepare a flow chart redesigned process • Provide detailed recommendations improvement ScrewFast Inc.
Screw Fast Inc. is a global company of screws and nuts and it is currently looking to restructure its processes and to improve its operations. The current project addresses this need by forwarding several recommendations.
Process flow chart
The chart below reveals the structure of the processes completed at Screw Fast Inc., and the lines below explain the flow chart.
The first process at Crew Fast Inc. is that of registering the orders, step which is completed with the aid of Customer Master Data and Article Master Data systems.
The new orders are processed based on the nature of the products demanded. Standardized products are ordered by the warehouse and non-standardized…
Case study of Screw Fast Inc. In Management Results
Applying Statistical Process Control Pharmaceutical Manufacturing
The use of applied statistics in studying a pharmaceutical manufacturing process is examined in the work of Tiani (2004) reports that health care quality is critically important in society and the quality of health care is important to all individuals. It is important that treatment is given in an accurate manner and this is particularly true of medications given to patients as it is expected that "the bottle of medicine has the specified number of tablets and that each tablet contains the specified quantity of the correct drug." (Tiani, 2004)
Legal and Regulatory Framework
There are legal and regulatory requirements set out in the law of the United States that the quality of medications be controlled in the pharmaceutical industry. The regulations are contained in federal statutes and outline "a quality control functions that emphasizes inspection and defect detection, and pharmaceutical quality control technology."…
Shanley, Agnes (2011) No Time for Process Control? PharmaManufacturing Magazine. Retrieved from: http://www.pharmamanufacturing.com/articles/2010/123.html?page=full
Janardhan, 2011, Pala Bashanam (2011) Pharmaceutical Manufacturing: Embracing Process Analytical Technology. Pharma Focus Asia. Retrieved from: http://www.pharmafocusasia.com/manufacturing/pharmaceutical_manufacturing_pat.htm
Moore, V (2003) Statistical Process Control. Chapter 24 9 Apr 2003. Retrieved from: http://www.uncp.edu/home/marson/360chapter24.pdf
Guidance for Industry Process Validation: General Principles and Practices (2011) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Food and Drug Administration Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) Jan 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.pharmamanufacturing.com/wp_downloads/pdf/FDAProcessValidationJan2011.pdf
logistic processes of Wal-Mart that can be improved over a course of short time span. The three processes which are identified for this assignment are discussed in detail with the recommendations to improve performance of the overall organization.
The organization that has been chosen for this project is Wal-Mart. It is an American retail corporation that operates on a global level. Wal-Mart is a large warehouse store and operates a number of large retail chain stores all over the world. Wal-Mart is chosen for this assignment because it is one of the largest public corporations and employs around two million people all over the world. It is indeed the biggest retailer in the world. Wal-Mart is one of the most valuable businesses in the world despite the recent decline in their profits in some of the global operations.
Wal-Mart was founded in the year 1962 by Sam Walton. It was…
Norman, Al (2004). "The Case Against Wal-Mart." Raphel Marketing, p. 7.
Smith, H. (2006). Who Calls the Shots in the Global Economy?. PBS.
Will, G. (2006). "Democrats Vs. Wal-Mart." The Washington Post.
intelligence analysis process have been discussed. This paper puts light on what basically is intelligence analysis and how can it be improved. It discusses ways via which intelligence analysis can be made more focused and more effective. It puts light on how better sharing and provision of information, collection and analysis of correct data and fact and figures can benefit the intelligence analysis process.
This paper also puts light on different psychological issues that are being faced by intelligence analysts and it also examines the ways through which analysts can overcome such hurdles.
Before discussing how to improve intelligence analysis it is necessary to have proper understanding of the terms intelligence and analysis. Intelligence can be defined as an information which has added value in it whereas analysis is a process via which you can evaluate your intelligence, it helps you to understand a situation and then to…
Federation of American Scientists. (1996). Improving Intelligence Analysis. USA: FAS. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/int012.html .
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes. (2011). Criminal Intelligence. New York: UNODC. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from http://www.unodc.org/documents/organized-crime/Law-Enforcement/Criminal_Intelligence_for_Analysts.pdf .
Heuer, R.J. (1999). Psychology of Intelligence Analysis. USA: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/psychology-of-intelligence-analysis/PsychofIntelNew.pdf .
Heuer, R.J. (2005). Limits of Intelligence Analysis. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from http://www.worldaffairsboard.com/attachments/staff-college/20727d1273228985-ebo-sod-limits-intelligence-analysis-fpri-winter-2005-heurer-.pdf.
Presidential Disaster Declaration Process
Preparedness and Mitigation from Disasters in the Twentieth Century
Numerous disasters have always brought intensive destruction to the environment and human lives over the years. The twentieth century, however, has experienced rather greater disasters, which have called for intervention through ensuring mitigation and preparedness. The presidential disaster declaration process is aimed at fulfilling the ambitions of preparing for disasters. These disasters include both the man-made and natural ones, ranging from the outbreak of fires, contagious diseases that need extreme control, earthquakes and hurricanes, the nightmare of global warming, political instability and many others. The essay evaluates analytically, the need for preparedness through the presidential disaster declaration process, which is a strategy to getting assistance. The evolution of the process in the twentieth century to strengthen hazard management is also discussed in the content.
I. What is the presidential disaster declaration (PDD) process?
Bellamy, J.S. (2009) Cleverland's Greatest Disasters!: 16 Tragic True Tales of Death and Destruction: New York: Gray and Company.
Ec-Council (2010) Disaster Recovery: New York, Cengage Learning.
Kapucu, N. & Alpaslan, Z. (2011) Managing Emergencies and Crises: MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishing.
Oliver, J. & Aldcroft, H.D. (2007) Economic Disasters of the Twentieth Century: New York: Edward Elgar Publishing.
marketing processes work by applying them to a real case. This essay will examine the company 21st Century Fitness by evaluating and creating a marketing approach that fits this unique company's situation that is placed within the market.
21st Century Fitness is an organization based on Larry Nachman and his anti-aging exercise and diet techniques. Larry claims to be 75 years old and is the face and body of this organization and sells his body as proof of his methods.
According to the company's website the company's services are "the first re-thinking of a total fitness program for all ages and lifestyles. It is an awakening to a new dimension of fitness that incorporates the best of 20th century methods and fills in the gaps that have been long missing. It provides every detail of exercise and nutrition to answer a question that we have asked throughout the ages: How…
21st Century Fitness Website. Viewed 19 Oct 2013. Retrieved from http://www.21stcenturyfitness.com/index.html
21st Century Flyer. Provided by student.
McKeefery, K. (2011). National fitness clubs fight member churn, but better marketing integration is needed. Direct Marketing News, 1 April 2011. Retrieved from http://www.dmnews.com/national-fitness-clubs-fight-member-churn-but-better-marketing-integration-is-needed/article/199203/
Smith, E. (ND). How to Create a SWOT Analysis for a Fitness Center. Chron.com. Retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/create-SWOT-analysis-fitness-center-23176.html
curriculum books have been written since the turn of the [20th] century; each with a different version of what 'curriculum' means (Ackerman, 1988). I define classroom curriculum design as the sequencing and pacing of content along with the experiences students have with that content. My use of the qualifier classroom is important. By definition, I am considering those decisions regarding sequencing, pacing, and experiences that are the purview of the classroom teacher. Some aspects of curricular design are addressed at the school level if, in fact, a school has a guaranteed and viable curriculum. egardless of the direction provided by the school (or district), individual teachers still need to make decisions regarding curricular design at the classroom level given the unique characteristics of their students. Indeed, in a meta-analysis involving 22 studies, Anderson, (2003) found a strong relationship between a student's knowledge and experience with content and the type of…
Ackerman, P.L. (1988). Determinants of individual differences during skill acquisition: Cognitive abilities and information processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 117(3), 288-318.
Anderson, J. (2003). The architecture of cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Anderson, J. (2009). Rules of the mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Brooks, C. (2000). Knowledge management and the intelligence community. Defense Intelligence Journal, 9(1), 15-24.
Anderson, J.R., & Fincham, J.M. (2004). Acquisition of procedural Skills from Examples. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 20(6), 1322-1340.
Tony Bush wrote an article regarding overcoming the hindrances to effective clinical supervision, which was published in Nursing Times website. Bush's publication was influenced by the fact that clinical supervision is one of the most commonly misunderstood practices in contemporary nursing. However, clinical supervision provides a supportive and nurturing service to nurse practitioners by assisting them to critically reflect on the actions during the delivery of patient care. As a result, the author seeks to examine and explore the existing role and status of clinical supervision in the Nursing Health Service.
Clinical supervision is basically described as a complex activity with multi-faceted functions that seeks to provide emotional support to counselors receiving supervision and providing them with extra education. This concept can also be described as a means of evaluating and monitoring counselors' professional performance and enhancing the quality of their respective duties. In the nursing field, clinical…
Bush, T. (2005, January). Overcoming the Barriers to Effective Clinical Supervision. Nursing Times, 101(2), 38-41. Retrieved from http://www.nursingtimes.net/Journals/2013/02/15/j/v/s/050111GLsupervision.pdf
Guindon, M.H. (2002). Toward Accountability in the Use of the Self-Esteem Construct. Journal of Counseling & Development, 80, 204-215.
Marley, E. (2011, December). Self-help Strategies to Reduce Emotional Distress: What Do
People Do and Why? A Qualitative Study. Counseling and Psychotherapy Research, 11(4), 317-324.
Alter the Forensic Dynamics during an Interviewing Process
In this paper, we reveal how professional's attitudes, views, and knowledge do not necessarily match forensic research findings. Witness issues will then be discussed concerning research community. The study identifies some of the key factors that can alter or improve forensic dynamics during the interviewing process. This study focuses primarily on forensic dynamics relating to the interviewing young children and the associated challenges.
Expert knowledge and attitudes
It has been proven that professionals and social researchers (biased) towards information confirming their initial beliefs by refuting established opinions. Once established, beliefs and impressions challenged to contrary proof. Thus, belief systems and generalization can create a confirmation prejudice that may result in faulty understanding and wrong presentation, adversely affecting important decisions. egarding child victimization situations, such prejudice may result in dramatic repercussions presenting a serious risk to a person's legal rights or presenting a…
Bull, R., Valentine, T., & Williamson, T. (2009). Handbook of psychology of investigative interviewing: Current developments and future directions. Chichester, UK: Wiley and Sons, Inc.
diffusion process? Briefly describe the individuals who make up each grou
The first stage of a diffusion process is the awareness stage. In this stage the consumer becomes aware or informed about the existence of a new innovation. However this group of individuals is only know about the existence of the idea such as a brand name but do not know any further details about the product or the idea. The second stage is of interest where an individual shows interest in knowing more about the idea and how will it be useful to him. In the evaluation stage the customer applies the idea mentally to his situation and evaluates as to what degree is the idea or the product useful to him. In the trial stage, the individuals use the idea or the product but only for experimental purposes. If the individuals are satisfied after using the product in…
Burke, M.A., Fournier, G.M., & Prasad, K. (2007). The Diffusion of a Medical Innovation: Is Success in the Stars?. Southern Economic Journal, 73(3), 588+. Retrieved March 22, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019432466
Doyle, P. & Bridgewater, S. (Eds.). (1998). Innovation in Marketing. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann. Retrieved March 22, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=115344535
Murray, C.E. (2009). Diffusion of Innovation Theory: A Bridge for the Research-Practice Gap in Counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, 87(1), 108+. Retrieved March 22, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5033508939
Business Manager 0668
Tools for customers
E-commerce payment solutions
Search Engine Optimization
Strategies for improvement
Search Engine Optimization and webpage rankings
Global business diversity
Customer elationship Management
Website integration of tools
Discuss how you will facilitate customer payment using e-commerce solutions (e.g., how the transaction will take place, including the tools customers will use).
The customer transactions and payments are one of the important elements of e-commerce strategy. The businesses are required to offer a secure and trust worthy system for their client to manage the financial transactions. There are different transactions handling methods used by the e-commerce-based organizations. These payment methods should be aligned with the overall business transaction handling process as well as appropriate selection of tools and e-payment solutions.
The transactions of products produced under the label of Sunny Day salon are mainly related…
Buttle, F. (2012). Customer relationship management.USA: Routledge.
Kent, P. (2012). Search engine optimization for dummies. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Kim, C., Tao, W., Shin, N., & Kim, K.S. (2010). An empirical study of customers' perceptions of security and trust in e-payment systems. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 9(1), 84-95.
Ojeda-Zapata, J. (2011). iPad Means Business: How Apple's Tablet Computer is Changing the Work World. USA: Happy About.
However, it is possible to write in a way that reveals an understanding of what a person reads or what they hear during lecture. Lecture in the classroom provides an ideal opportunity for learners to reflect on what they have learned in previous sessions and to decide how they will use that knowledge to further their understanding, or to help them make decisions related to the content they have learned.
As I plan to become a history teacher I now realize how important reading and writing skills are to the student's comprehension of the content covered in lecture and in class. Students learn in many different ways. One reason that Nathan may not be doing well in both reading and in writing is because he simply does not understand the content or the context in which information is presented in the classroom. While he may not understand much from lectures,…
Freeman, F., Ghiso, M.P. & Hamayan, E. (2006). Authentic Accountability for ELL's Reading and Writing Development. Available: http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/resabout/research/ira06_freeman.pdf
Michael Krause has written a new book that provides eight sales strategies that are supposed to help increase sales, engendered a more motivated sales staff, and help sustain both. The eight strategies are: USP and UVP; Strategic planning; SWOT analysis; Engage your ideal clients; Build a cash reserve; Core capabilities and realistic goal setting; Balanced scoreboard, and; Do you have what it takes? The author looks at the entire organization and not just the sales staff, but he tries to tie all of what he says into sales.
He loses some credibility because he uses some terms wrong, but this is not problematic necessarily as they are the sailing terms he employs as part of the illustrations in the book. However, he does make some questionable suggestions regarding the fourth strategy.
Analysis of "Sell or Sink: Strategies, Tactics and Tools Every Business Leader Must Know to Stay Afloat"
Aspen Institute. (2009). Organizational behavior. Retrieved from http://www.aspencbe.org/documents/OB_CloserLook.pdf
Griffith, T.L., & Sawyer, J.E. (2010). Multilevel knowledge and team performance. The Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31, 1003-1031.
Krause, M.D. (2011). Sell or sink: Strategies, tactics and tools every business leader must know to stay afloat. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse.
Sliter, M., Sliter, K., & Jex, S. (2012). The employee as a punching bag: the effect of multiple sources of incivility on employee withdrawal behavior and sales performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33, 121-139.
Learning to read and write in English has been one of my most treasured accomplishments in the recent past. To begin with, learning to read and write in English is in my opinion the very first step towards becoming a fluent speaker of one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. In that regard therefore, I am convinced that fluency in English is a plus as I pursue my career of choice. Given that English is one of the most common languages, corporations and most organizations would ordinarily hire individuals who can relate well with their customers and clients. Being able to read, write, and speak English will therefore give me a distinct advantage in my future job seeking endeavors. It is also important to note that fully aware that the world is increasingly becoming interconnected; the relevance of learning an additional language cannot be overstated. It is…
Baldwin, James. Sonny's Blues. Stuttgart: Klett Sprachen, 2009. Print.
Brinton, Margaret. 100 Little Reading Comprehension Lessons. New York: Lorenz Educational Press, 2004. Print.
Cusipag, Maria, et al. Critical Thinking through Reading and Writing. Philippines: De La Salle University Press, 2007. Print.
As a conclusion, the authors suggest a functional architecture of cognitive emotional control. The review ends with suggestions for future study, including a consideration of cultural differences and their effect on the individual's ability to control emotion in a cognitive way.
Since the study is a review, the research methodology involves an overview of recent studies in the field of cognitive emotional control. The researchers appear to have made thorough work of this purpose, while also offering insight and into potential future applications of such research. Furthermore, their synthesis of research information is logical and relevant to the questions posed at the beginning of the document.
In conclusion, it is always fascinating to consider the different ways and preference types in how individuals might view and experience the world around them. Having an understanding of cognitive types is particularly useful in fields like education and leadership. Such an understanding…
Felder, R.M. And Brent, R. (2005). Understanding Student Differences. Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 94, No. 1. Retrieved from: http://eprints.me.psu.ac.th/ILS/info/Understanding_Differences.pdf
Kay, W.K., Francis, L.J., and Robbins, M. (2011). A distinctive leadership for a distinctive network of churches? Psychological type theory and the apostolic networks. University of Warwick. Retrieved from: http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/41317/1/WRAP_Francis_Psychological_type_and_Apostolic_networks_final_version.pdf
Nardi, D. (2007). The 8 Jungian Cognitive Processes. Retrieved from: http://www.keys2cognition.com/cgjung.htm
Ochsner, K.N. And Gross, J.J. (2005, May). The cognitive control of emotion. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 5. Retrieved from: http://icdl.com/graduate/Portal/IMH212/documents/ochsner-gross.pdf
Governing Race: Politics, Process and the Politics of Race by Nina M. Moore. Specifically, it will contain a detailed book report on the book. "Governing Race" is an important and viable book for any Black Studies student, especially if they are interested in why race relations came to a head in the 1960s. "Governing Race" gives a unique viewpoint on the "politics of race," and is valuable reading for this alone. However, there is much more for the reader to discover as they move through the pages of this book.
The author's thesis is quite clear from the very beginning of this book. She asserts, "race presents a challenge too difficult for American governing institutions to meet" (Moore xiv) in the ntroduction of the book, and further asserts, "true socioeconomic and political race reform will remain a laudable, but elusive, goal of government policymakers" (Moore xv). Therefore, her book concentrates…
In conclusion, Moore's book is a compelling and sometimes distressing look at politics and race in America today. While the successes in race relations are certainly to be celebrated, it is clear from reading this book that Americans still have a long way to go in truly understanding and reforming the relationship between the races. Some of this book is difficult reading, because it seems more should have been done to equalize things politically and fundamentally. Reading this book gives a greater understanding of why things are the way they are, whether Americans agree or not.
Moore, Nina M. Governing Race: Policy, Process, and the Politics of Race. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2000.
Influences on the Communication Process
Communication takes in many ways and for many reasons; the communication itself may also be impacted by many influences. To understand the process it is necessary to look at both the reasons for communication and the influences that may impact that communication.
There are three main purposes for communication; information, persuasion, and motivation. Although each of the different purposes will be examined separately, it should be remembered that in many cases a single message may include more than one purpose as the processes are not mutually exclusive (osengren, 1999).
Information may be seen as the most recognized communication purpose; it takes place on many ways, where information is communicated in many different types of scenarios'. For example, employers may communicate with employees to tell them of their job requirements, changes to the job requirements, or changes in goals. Information communication is also seen with…
Rosengren, Karl Erik, (1999), Communication: An Introduction, Sage Publications
Thompson, Neil, (2011), Effective Communication, Palgrave Macmillan
Purpose of Interest Based Bargaining
The collective bargaining process is hardly ever dull or unexciting. Every now and then, there is significant tension as one of the participating parties or the other comes to the realization that it will fail to reach the expectations of its constituents. From time to time, there is significant eagerness and passion as resourceful options emanate with the potential to render mutual gains. In different occasions, apparently negligible or routine issues of contract terminology or working state of affairs have the potential to be fiery and tense on the basis of how they are addressed (Kochan and Lipsky, 2003). Interest based bargaining is founded on the ascertainment and determination of mutual interests instead of the resolution of specific bargaining demands. Interest based bargaining can be delineated as a process of solving problems that is conducted in a moral manner that generates efficacious solutions and at…
division have a procedure, process or practice specifically designed to encourage female members to participate in the promotional process?
If no, has your Division considered such a policy or procedure?
Approximately how many females have entered high level positions within the last 5 years?
What is the percentage weight that equal rights has in your promotional process?
What is the percentage of men to women right now: (a) in managerial positions, (b) in lower-level working positions?
Rating on an order from 1 to 5 which number would you accord Wal-Mart to their concern in providing equal promotion?
Using the scale below, please tell us how much you agree or disagree with the following statements by placing a number following the bulleted statement.
1= Strongly Agree; 2= Agree; 3= neither agree / disagree, 4= disagree; 5= strongly disagree.
Promotion is supposed to be dependent on skills and conscientiousness, but in fact…
The ethical questions with surveys are various. First and foremost they should be constructed in a way that participants are able to understand the questions and answer them accurately. To that end, terminology should be clear and specific with one using plain English wherever possible. Leading questions, value judgments and context effects (i.e. more subtle effects on responses) should be omitted, as should double-barreled questions, hidden assumptions (such as 'when did you stop beating your wife?'), and questions that may prompt oen to answer in a socially desired manner. Questions should be sensitive so that participants should not feel hurt by phraseology or content. Interviewer factors too should be screened out so that the interviewer is objective to the participants, whilst the participants do not feel threatened by the interviewer.
Breakwell, G.M., Hammond, S., & Fife-Schaw, C. (2007). Research methods in psychology. Sage, USA.
Knowledge-Oriented Software Engineering Process
In a Multi-Cultural Context
In the peer-reviewed article Knowledge-Oriented Software Engineering Process In A Multi-Cultural Context (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010) the authors contend that the accelerating nature of software development leaves little time for cultural assimilation and integration of teams to an optimal level. The authors have defined the specifics of how software development is changing very rapidly due to mobile platforms, cloud computing and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). Exacerbating the challenges of creating software so rapidly are the cultural challenges as well, especially the multicultural and inter-organizational issues of software engineering (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010). The authors argue that a three layer model is needed to increase the performance of software engineering globally (Jaakkola, Heimburger, Linna, 2010). The authors have taken on a very complex problem that takes into account the multifaceted nature of software development in large organizations while also managing the complexities and nuances of…
Jaakkola, H., Anneli Heimburger, & Linna, P. (2010). Knowledge-oriented software engineering process in a multi-cultural context. Software Quality Journal, 18(2), 299-319.
Evaluate how Public Policy Decisions Affect the Receipt of Revenues
Politics and attitudes about where the various revenues should be spent can create heated amounts of debate. In the case of the Department of Defense, this can mean that periodic reviews could occur that can have an impact upon a host of different spending programs. At the same time, various assessments will take place with Secretary of Defense. Where, they will review the size and necessity of the various bases / personnel. A good example of this can be seen when the Secretary of Defense will recommend various base closures and force adjustments. As politics and changes in the Department's needs / availability of funds will affect what programs are going to receive the most appropriate amount of revenues.
Analyze the Economic Conditions that Affect Revenue Projections
The economic conditions will play a major role in determining how…
Base Closure List. (2005). MSNBC. Retrieved from: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7834939/ns/us_news
The Numbers. (2010). Tax Policy Center. Retrieved from: http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/briefing-book/background/numbers/revenue.cfm
Bender, B. (2010). Spending Critic Brown. Boston Globe. Retrieved from: http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/articles/2010/04/08/spending_critic_brown_backs_mass_weapons_bid/
Dupy, T. (2010). Defense Secretary Wants Spending Cuts. Huffington Post. Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tina-dupuy/defense-secretary-wants-d_b_571906.html
Manual should be written in a way that is clear for the individual reading it so that he or she is able to follow each and every instruction and going through the steps precisely understand how to employ / use the appliance without mussing over it, or turning to another for guidance.
The instructions and layout should be clear to the eye. It should be aesthetic and a pleasure -- rather than a burden -- to peruse. Strategies such as bulleting, numerals, and borders should be used to facilitate this.
The instructions should be written with the knowledge that a diversity of people from different cultures and different levels of intelligence and/or ability with engineering skills will be reading manual.
In short, the writer creating the manual should put himself in the client's shoe and imagine that he were using this product for the first time. Manual should…
passion for the project, natural curiosity, well-founded skepticism, and a good memory. Possessing all of these can actually aid in the ability to have more effective research. The passion will encourage the researcher to explore more thoroughly than one who is not passionate or interested. He will make use of the resources available to him -- such as the university library or the online databases where relevant literature is stored. His curiosity will prompt him to ask questions that others might not think to ask. Skepticism allows the researcher to distrust results and work to make sure they are conclusive, and memory helps to connect the dots of data and findings so that a clear picture can emerge (Holton, Swanson, 2005).
Another good practice is to have a good research design. A good design will serve as a quality frame that helps to keep the study together, whereas a poor…
Holton, E. F. & Swanson, R. A. (2005). Research in Organizations: Foundations and Methods of Inquiry. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler
Bryman, A. & Bell, E. (2003). Business Research Methods. [Books24x7 version]
Available from http://common.books24x7.com.lib.kaplan.edu/toc.aspx?bookid=12878
Vandenbosch, B. (2003). Designing Solutions for Your Business Problems: A Structured
The author takes a chance bringing a new form of writing to a middle school, a technique that is innovative but not commonplace, thus would give rise to much questioning, which may be an obstacle teacher's would face trying to implement this type of learning style. This learning approaches views all students as independent, thus in an environment where everything is "sterile" or "sterilized and standardized" this type of learning system may receive some objection. By and large however, once educators realize how significant the improvements are among students adopting this method, they are likely to become more compliant and willing to place more effort at implementing this type of program.
The baseline approach used by the researcher to measure improvement is the ability of students to write using their own thinking skills, so they can in theory, teach others about writing. This is difficult to do, because this learning…
Angelillo, Janet. Writing to the Prompt. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2005.
Atwell, Nancie. Lessons that Change Writers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2002.
Fletcher, Ralph. Breathing in, Breathing Out: Keeping a Writer's Notebook. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1996.
O'Donnell, Angela and King, Alison. Cognitive Perspectives on Peer Learning. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999.
The incentives of engaging a meaningful and thorough campaign is thus reduced. The chances of influencing the results of elections are significantly reduced leading to the decrease in the level of voter turnout. The political campaigns are therefore less likely to devote resources towards the encouragement of voter turnout. The reduction in the level of competition leads to the candidate placing more efforts in the process of securing his or her party nomination for the given district as opposed to gaining of the approval of the electorate. In a state that has been gerrymandered, the contesting candidate is almost assured of an express win if nominated. An example in California is during the 2004 elections when the Californias 3rd congressional district was declared vacant subsequent to the running for the higher office by the Republican Congressman Doug Ose. The remaining three stronger republican congressional candidates then campaigned vigorously against each…
Post redistricting electoral processes can, in most cases, bring forth some new incumbents who will still enjoy the same level of undue advantage as the former incumbents and so redistricting will not entirely eradicate the negative effects of incumbency. Redistricting also raises the information costs since a lot of resources are spent to broadcast the new changes, moreover, it interferes with turn out as more voters are most likely to abstain from House elections having cast the presidential ballot.
There is a need for the state of California to adopt the 2011 redistricting framework in order to allow the electorate and the candidates to enjoy their democratic right of equal representation. Proper legislation must therefore be passed and implemented in order to reduce electoral vices like gerrymandering
Music on Vocabulary ompetence, Writing, Reading omprehension and Motivation in English Language Learning in High-School
EFFETIVENESS OF MUSI ON VOABULARY
The Effectiveness of Music on Vocabulary ompetence, Writing, Reading omprehension and Motivation in English Language Learning in High-School
Most English language learners in high schools show poor vocabulary competence. The main reason for this is the limited level of exposure to the language. It is generally understood and practically acknowledged that words form the basic unit of language structure. Therefore lack of sufficient vocabulary constrains students from effectively communicating and freely expressing their ideas.
Vocabulary competence is critical to developing reading comprehension skills. Lack of vocabulary development is detrimental to the development of metacognitive skill that is important in comprehending advanced texts. omprehension is a major component of development of vocabulary, reading to learn. Therefore, reading comprehension it is quite challenging for students lacking adequate knowledge of meaning of words.…
Chapter IV: Results and Evaluation
The main purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of using music on vocabulary competence, writing, reading comprehension and motivation in English Language Learning in High school students as a part of the learning process in the classroom. Many teachers of English as a second language as well as the learners consider vocabulary as a critical factor in learning the language. Therefore it is important to develop creative and interesting ways of teaching vocabulary in English class. A qualitative study was appropriate for the research for the reason that the objective was exploratory (Creswell, 1998). The significance that was recognized to the singularities of teaching was examined with hermeneutic methods (Creswell, 2002).
In order to give a reply to the answer of the three research questions, mean scores and standard deviations were computed for each of the two groups on each of the three dependent measures at the ending of study. All three of the dependent measures are considered to be the evaluation of the sight-reading, the evaluation of the playing abilit, and the
engineer engages in a process that is both technical, and social as he or she works to facilitate the creation of a product to meet the customer's needs. If this process were strictly functional application of mathematics, design specifications and materials testing, the bulk of the work could be done by a computer. But the design process is all together human, interwoven by cultural issues, communications issues, and the knowledge that is created as the engineering process travels from conception to completion.
In any design project there generally are different kinds of engineers - mechanical engineers, electronics engineers and so on. They speak different languages; they have different responsibilities, competencies and interests. To reconcile their different claims and proposals, negotiation is required. The book uses the example that refrigerators in the States are huge and in Europe they are small. Clearly there are technical reasons, but the main reason has…
Bucciarelli, Louis. Designing Engineers. 1996. Mass: MIT Press
Sharpe, Mike & Partworks, Brown. Air Disasters. 1999. USA: Brown Packaging Partworks
Americans are aware that they are entitled to "their day in court" but may not fully understand the full range of due process protections that are contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a discussion concerning the meaning, history and importance of the constitutional concept of "due process" as contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. A brief discussion analyzing the conflicting positions of Justices Hugo Black and Felix Frankfurter with respect to the incorporation of American citizens' rights under the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, and how these Justices' positions helped develop the concept of due process is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning due process in the conclusion.
.eview and Discussion
According to Black's Law Dictionary, "due process of law" means…
Bernstein, D.E. (2003, November). Lochner's legacy's legacy. Texas Law Review, 82(1), 1.
Bodenhamer, D.J. (2007). Our rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chapman, N.S. & McConnell, M.W. (2012, May). Due process as separation of powers. The Yale Law Journal, 121(7), 1672-1677.
Fifth amendment. (2014). Legal Information Institute. Retrieved from http://www.law.
Criminal Process; Arraignment to Pre-Trial
The purpose of criminal law is to promote respect for the law by people and ensure a just, safe, and peaceful society. The American justice system has many commendable elements that are aligned to the objectives of a justice system. The trial system significantly addresses many point of subtlety and does a great job in its effort to uphold the rule of law. In the effort to deliver justice, it is important that the rights of the defendant be uphold. This paper seeks to shed light on three stages before the process of criminal trial, and how the rights of the defendant are catered for in each of the stages before trial commences. These stages include the information, arraignment and the subsequent hearings at pretrial.
The stage that precedes and leads to trial in a criminal case is called arraignment. Arraignment must be done…
The main hazards related to LNG include:
upture due to Corrosion
upture while excavation
upture while excavation
upture during an earthquake
upture due to mechanical failure
upture at compressor
upture at inspection stations
Uncontrolled detonation of explosives
Blow-out of gas at head and subsequent fire
Gas leak from infrastructure
Fire involving combustible
LPG or Diesel
Diesel pump fire involving equipment brittle fracture valve Leaks
Welding failure welding casting failure
Mechanical overstressing of equipment Vibration
Failure due to external loading or impact
Underground pipe rupture of transmission pipeline
Pipe rupture at main line valve sites.
upture of adjacent gas pipeline
Uncontrolled detonation of explosives
Gas leak from pipeline infrastructure
Drop of pipe from pipe lifts
Accommodation fire involving combustible construction LPG or Diesel
Diesel fire involving mobile fuel tanker
Uncontrolled release of LNG
Uncontrolled release of refrigerant gas
Uncontrolled release of by- product…
Acutech Consulting (2009). The HAZOP (Hazard and Operability) Method
American Petroleum Institute (August 2009). Analysis of U.S. Oil Spillage. p26
Gradien spin-echo, echo-planar sequence which is sensitive to blood-oxygen level-dependent contrast (T2*) was used to collect the functional brain images.
The analysis of the data provided evidence that humor detection and humor appreciation do indeed use separate neural pathways within the brain. Humor detection was linked with increased activity in the left inferior frontal cortex and the posterior temporal cortex. Humor appreciation, however, showed increased brain activity in separate areas, including the bilateral regions of the insular cortex as well as the amygdala, well-known for its role in emotional processing and responding. Thus, in order for humans to appreciate humor, and derive the emotional benefits from a funny situation, they must first cognitive process the situation in a way that makes sense of the humor, or rather detects the humorous situation.
The areas related to humor detection have previously been linked to language tasks that involve retrieval and appraisal…
Moran, J.M., Wig, G.S., Adams, R.B., Janata, P., & Kelley, W.M. (2004). NeuroImage, 21, 1055-1060.
There is a disconnect in academia, if not in practice, with regards to understanding the relevance of Fayol's work to modern managers. In the literature oriented to quality control, management systems and production management, there is little doubt that Fayol retains a direct influence on management practice. Fayol was instrumental in introducing scientific methods of inquiry to the management function. This has lead to the entire discipline of quality management, such that all modern QM concepts have at their roots in Fayol's understanding of the management function (de Mast & Does, 2006). Authors critical of Fayol's influence tend to be oriented towards softer forms of management. Such authors fail to see the relevance of Fayol's work in their conception of management as a people-oriented discipline predicated on driving creativity, innovation and oriented towards motivation.
Yet even the people-centric view of management owes a debt to Fayol. Such schools of management…
Brunsson, K. (2008). Some effects of Fayolism. International Studies of Management and Organization. Vol. 38 (1) 30-47.
De Mast, J. (2007). Integrating the many facets of Six Sigma. Quality Engineering. Vol. 19 (4) 353-361.
De Mast, J. & Does, R. (2006). Industrial statistics: A discipline with opportunities and challenges. Statistica Neerlandica. Vol. 60 (3) 270-282.
Fells, M. (2000). Fayol stands the test of time. Journal of Management History Vol 6 (8) 345-360.
The majority of these expenses come in the form of extra labor costs and redesigns to fix recurring problems due to low quality.
Instead, quality, and value is of the utmost importance within the construction industry. The negotiated process allows companies to reinforce their credentials to better obtain funding. In addition, the negotiated process is more of a collaborative effort on the part of all stakeholder involved. Both the contractor and the designer are assembled earlier resulting in more efficient operations. Since the company is well regarded within the construction industry and possesses prior experience, the process will also be more efficient. The sealed bid process, however, doesn't allow for such a convenience. In actuality, a sealed bid process will favor the company who may not be the best available candidate. Through the negotiated process the company can create a model that best serves the interests of the team in…
1) "Successfull RFP's in Construction - MGH-0071449094." NorthWest Builder's Network, Inc. - the Builders MarketPlace. Web. 05 May 2011. .