Affection and Its Impact on Adult Growth Research Proposal

  • Length: 10 pages
  • Sources: 10
  • Subject: Children
  • Type: Research Proposal
  • Paper: #95374685

Excerpt from Research Proposal :

Affection and Its Impact on Adult Growth and Development

Affection is considered to be the characteristics of the human mind that is frequently connected with feelings and emotions of love. In terms of psychology, it is defined as an emotion or the state of mind, in which the human mind connects with another human mind on basis of love. Affection is known to influence adult behavior in terms of social interactions (Floyd, 2001a). It directs individuals to a particular behavior in order to express it. Theories related to adult growth and development theories assert that the affection, which the individual obtains from his or her parents during infancy, is known to influence their social interactions and affections they feel for others during their adulthood. Furthermore, affection is known to give positive emotions and behaviors.

Literature suggests that the term affection is difficult to understand. In this regard, several questions arise. What is affection? How it differs from individual to another? What it is nature? Is it genetic or based on gender? In this regard, Kory Floyd, introduced the Affection Exchange Theory, which seeks to discuss the role of affection in the development of relationships between partners and parents and their children. Based on the Affection Exchange Theory, it is believed that affection plays an important role in determining the level of affection in heterosexual relationships as adults (Floyd, 2001a). The aim of this research proposal is to discuss affection and its role in influencing human behavior and relationships in the lights of broad and diverse academic resources.

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Past studied reveal that affection plays an important role in influencing adult heterosexual relations. It is believed that the level of affection, which the child gets from his or her parents, determines the level of affection in his or her interpersonal relationship as an adult. This study concentrates on investigating this issue.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this research study would be to study the impact of level of affection, which the child gets from his or her parents on the level of affection, which he or she gives in his or her interpersonal relations.

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Following are the objectives of the research

1. What is Affection?

2. What is the nature of affection?

3. What is Affection Exchange Theory?

4. What is the significance of AET?

5. What is the relationship between the affection, which the child receives from his or her parents and the levels of affection, which he or she gives to his or her partner as an adult?

Background of the Study

In psychology, affection is considered to be an important term. From academic perspective, affection is termed as a mental affection, which comprises of wide ranging emotional manifestations (Floyd, 2001b). In order to understand the nature of affection is a dispute, which has not been resolved. Different psychologists and scientists have defined affection based on their experimentation and research. In order to determine its nature, several of the psychologists have conducted experimental studies in order to understand its nature. In this regard there are two views. From the first perspective, affection is a phenomenon that's exists in two states: positive and negative state (Tafoya, 2008a). However, this approach is considered to be weak in defining the complete nature of affection. From the second perspective, affection is defined as the sensation that has three traits, pleasurable, unpleasant and depression.

The two perspectives are diametrically opposite of one another and so far, no existing research is available two provide in depth explanations in terms of the two approaches. Affection is considered to be the characteristics of the human mind that is frequently connected with feelings and emotions of love. In terms of psychology, it is defined as an emotion or the state of mind, in which the human mind connects with another human mind on basis of love. Affection is known to influence adult behavior in terms of social interactions. It directs individuals to a particular behavior in order to express it (Tafoya, 2008a).

Theories related to adult growth and development theories assert that the affection, which the individual obtains from his or her parents during infancy, is known to influence their social interactions and affections they feel for others during their adulthood. Furthermore, affection is known to give positive emotions and behaviors. Literature suggests that the term affection is difficult to understand. In this regard, several questions arise. What is affection? How it differs from individual to another? What it is nature? Is it genetic or based on gender? In this regard, Kory Floyd, introduced the Affection Exchange Theory, which seeks to discuss the role of affection in the development of relationships between partners and parents and their children (Tafoya, 2008b). Based on the Affection Exchange Theory, it is believed that affection plays an important role in determining the level of affection in heterosexual relationships as adults.

Affection Exchange Theory

In psychology, affection is considered to be an important term. From academic perspective, affection is termed as a mental affection, which comprises of wide ranging emotional manifestations. In order to understand the nature of affection is a dispute, which has not been resolved (Floyd, 2001a). Different psychologists and scientists have defined affection based on their experimentation and research. In order to determine its nature, several of the psychologists have conducted experimental studies in order to understand its nature (Tafoya, 2008b). In this regard there are two views.

From the first perspective, affection is a phenomenon that's exists in two states: positive and negative state. However, this approach is considered to be weak in defining the complete nature of affection. From the second perspective, affection is defined as the sensation that has three traits, pleasurable, unpleasant and depression (Tafoya & Mongeau, 2008). The two perspectives are diametrically opposite of one another and so far, no existing research is available two provide in depth explanations in terms of the two approaches. Affection is considered to be the characteristics of the human mind that is frequently connected with feelings and emotions of love

(Tafoya & Mongeau, 2008, Tafoya, 2008b).

In the year 2001, Kory Floyd introduced the affection exchange theory. The theory was formulated on basis of first two researches conducted by Floyd. The first research concentrated on understanding the affection and the way it is communicated. The second research concentrated on understanding the exchange of affection between humans. In this regard, several studies have been conducted in order to understand affection and its role in developing interpersonal relationships (Floyd, 2001a). The main focus had been child and parent relations and romantic partner relations.

Floyd asserts that affection exchange theory believes that the way affection is communicated, is considered to be an adaptive behavior. This behavior is responsible for determining "long-term viability and procreative success" in humans (Floyd, 2001, p. 40). Furthermore, he asserts that the "affection exchange contributes to survival because it promotes pair bonding and the increased access to resources pair bonds provide" (Floyd, 2001, pp. 40 -- 41). In terms of parenthood, the AET suggests that the level of affection is the prime indicator, which determines the ability of an adult to become a parent. In other words, it determines whether the adult can be a good or bad parent. Furthermore, Floyd suggests that the level of affection shown by parents, determines the success of interpersonal relations when their children reach their adulthood.

Importance of Affection in Interpersonal Relations

Affection is considered to be an essential component in the development and growth of interpersonal relationships. Floyd et.al (2007a) sserts that "Affectionate expressions often serve as critical incidents by which relational development is ascertained, while their absence may be taken as evidence of disinterest or relational deterioration." Affection is considered to be trait, which is mostly linked with romantic relationships (Tafoya & Spitzberg, 2007). However, it should be noted that is also essential for family and friendships. The capability of an individual to communicate affection in relationships demonstrates the ability to decipher and decode affection behavior in a correct manner.

That is, without being able to discriminate between behaviors that connote affection and behaviors that connote hostility, aggression, or simply disinterest, humans would not only have difficulty forming and maintaining significant relationships but they would deprive themselves of the physical, emotional, and financial resources that accompany such relationships (Tafoya, 2008a).

In order to understand the nature of affection, this research would concentrate on understanding the impact of childhood affection, which the child receives from his or her parents on the level of affection, which he or she gives in his or her interpersonal relationships as an adult. In terms of understanding the levels of affection, different studies are available. The present study would concentrate on understanding this relation in the lights of affection exchange theory.

Floyd (2001a) asserts that "Like many forms of relational interaction, affectionate communication occurs within a host of individual, relational, and sociocultural priorities that operate at both proximal and ultimate levels of causation."

Felfman (2008) asserts that:…

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