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While their backgrounds and personal beliefs are very different, they never take each other for granted. They are encouraged to express their thoughts and ideas and to treat each other with dignity.
Service to their Customers -- customers are the reason that they are in business, so they believe that they should treat them that way. They offer quality merchandise at the lowest prices, and do it with the best customer service possible. They look for every opportunity where they can exceed their customers' expectations. They believed that this is when they are at their very best.
Striving for Excellence -- They are proud of their accomplishments but are never satisfied. They constantly reach further to bring new ideas and goals to life. They model themselves after Sam Walton, who was never satisfied until prices were as low as they could be. They believe that a product's quality is as high as customers deserve and expect (3 Basic Beliefs & Values, 2009).
Wal-Mart stocks items that are made in more than 70 countries. At any given time, the Arkansas-based retailer averages $32 billion in inventory. With those kinds of numbers, having an effective, efficient inventory control system, or inventory management system, is essential. Wal-Mart's system helps it maintain its signature everyday low prices by telling store managers which products are selling and which are taking up shelf and warehouse space unnecessarily (Crosby, 2009).
Inventory management systems are the key for big enterprises, but smaller businesses and vendors are beginning to use them, too. These systems ensure customers always have enough of what they want when they want it. The goal for a retailer's financial need is to maintain as little stock as possible. Mishandled inventory means disappointed customers, along with too much cash tied up in warehouses and slower sales. Factors such as quicker production cycles, a proliferation of products, multi-national production contracts and the nature of the big-box store make them a necessity (Crosby, 2009).
Modern inventory management systems must have the ability to track sales and available inventory, communicate with suppliers in near real-time and receive and incorporate other data into the mix. They also must be flexible, allowing for a merchant's intuition to change at any given time. They must be able to tell a storeowner when it's time to reorder and how much to purchase. In order to do this, inventory management systems pull together several technologies into one cohesive approach to benefit all (Crosby, 2009).
The systems work by bar codes or RFIDs telling scanners which items consumers are buying. The scanners then transmit the information to computers by reading the bar codes and sending that information to the software. The software then determines the numbers from the bar code and matches those numbers to the type of merchandise they represent. This allows a store to track their sales and inventory. This can be done either at the checkout counter or with a hand-held scanner. This keeps the store on top of which items are selling and which ones are not (Crosby, 2009).
This specialized software keeps track of how much stock is going out the door via purchases and how much still remains on the shelves and in the warehouse. This gives managers a real-time picture of what's happening. The software also analyzes the data and makes recommendations as to what needs re ordering. Sometimes, the software is programmed to automatically order when inventory gets to a certain level. These systems provide good information to support decisions but leave the final call up to managers (Crosby, 2009).
Once a manager makes a re-order decision, the system uses an electronic data interchange to communicate the order directly to the vendor. Electronic data interchange is the procedure of sending and receiving data between two parties. The data is stored in a computer's memory bank and read by managers at both ends of the communication, to ensure accuracy (Crosby, 2009).
An estimated 80% of American households report that they shop at Wal-mart at least once a year and 90% say that they plan to shop there in the future. Despite its success, Wal-Mart has suffered some recent setbacks. These have included voters in the city of Inglewood, California successfully blocking the first planned supercenter in L.A. County, a huge class-action gender discrimination lawsuit, along with recent coverage of employee mistreatment and violations of immigration law (Lake, Mermin, and Wiefek, n.d.).
Analysts are predicting that Wal-marts worldwide sales will grow from $285 billion to $500 billion by 2010. This will be because the discount chain will open more stores, introduce new formats, and move into foreign markets and non-retail business, like store banking. Currently Wal-Mart plans to have 3,131 Supercenters in place by 2010. They want to expand into the top markets and to build grocery-only neighborhood stores and freestanding apparel stores. If they accomplish all of this, in five years Wal-Mart's operations could represent 3.59% of the gross domestic product. All of this makes it profusely clear that Wal-Mart's current stumbles provide a chance to challenge their power before their presence grows to truly unprecedented and insurmountable proportions (Lake, Mermin, and Wiefek, n.d.).
Wal-mart has demonstrated several ways of going lean. They do it by decentralizing decision making with its store within a store technique. Whereas other retailer stores relegate the department head to performing the types of tasks that one might expect of an hourly employee, like ripping open boxes and stocking shelves, Wal-mart has turned them essentially into managers of their own businesses. The firm shares with them measurements on everything from the cost of their goods to freight costs, profit margins, and even how their store ranks with all the others. This is the key if they are to actively manage the flow of value within their own department, constantly assessing and correcting along the way rather than waiting until higher level managers realize corporate goals failed to reach their mark (Ruffa, 2007).
Building measurement right into worker's day-to-day activities provides them the right insight at the right time to mitigate many sources of lag. Workers have broader spans of insight, giving them the ability to make more decisions on their own. This, in turn, minimizes the information that must be shared across the organization, thus reducing the complexity of information flow. Managers can thus be left to manage because they no longer have to track the details of day-to-day business issues (Ruffa, 2007).
Other ways that Wal-mart contributes back to the community are done through the Wal-mart foundation. The Wal-mart Foundation works to provide opportunities that improve the lives of individuals in our communities including our customers and associates. Through financial contributions, in-kind donations and volunteerism, the Wal-mart Foundation supports initiatives focused on enhancing opportunities in our four main focus areas:
Workforce Development / Economic Opportunity
Health and Wellness
The Wal-mart Foundation has a particular interest in supporting the following populations: veterans and military families, traditionally underserved groups, individuals with disabilities and people impacted by natural disasters (the Wal-mart Foundation, 2009).
In all of their giving efforts, they strive to meet the unmet needs of underserved populations and support organizations that give individuals access to a better life. They believe in operating globally and giving back locally. They encourage their associates to support programs that make a positive difference in their communities through volunteer efforts and financial contributions. They involve their associates in determining how the Wal-mart Foundation dollars are used to support causes that are important to them (the Wal-mart Foundation, 2009).
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Frank, T.A. (2006). A Brief History of Wal-Mart. Retrieved September 29, 2009, from Reclaim
Democracy Web site: http://www.reclaimdemocracy.org/walmart/2006/history.php
Is Wal Mart Good for America? (2004). Retrieved September 29, 2009, from Frontline Web site:
Lake, Celinda, Mermin, David and Wiefek, Nancy. (n.d.). Re-Branding Wal-Mart. Retrieved September 29, 2009, from Social Policy Web site:
Ruffa, Stephen a. (2008). Going Lean: How the Best Companies Apply Lean Manufacturing
Principles to Shatter Uncertainty, Drive Innovation, and Maximize Profits. Retrieved September 29, 2009, from Google Books Web site:
Supply Chain. (2009). Retrieved September 29, 2009, from ASA Research Web site:
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Troy, Mike. (2003). Logistics still cornerstone of competitive advantage - Wal-Mart the Category King: A New Era of Excellence. Retrieved September 29, 2009, from bNet Web
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Branching out into new sectors of retailing - Wal-Mart has become a major pharmacy, an automotive repair shop, and a grocery retailer. This is just one example of success. It demonstrates Sam Walton's vision of being the best retailer around. After a store expands physically and geographically, it must then expand in terms of what they sell by branching out and competing with other businesses. The conventional retail business of Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart and Employee Rights Labor cost is always considered as the main issue, mostly in case of employees' unionization at Wal-Mart. This was noticed when Wal-Mart showed a remarkable earning at the rate of 44% per annum for its labor working on hourly basis. Another point which brought this issue ahead was when the sales clerk of Wal-Mart in 2001 earned wages below Federal Poverty Scale. According to an issue of
16; Wilbert, 2006, p. 2) Strategic process, planning and decision making As confirmed by Lee Scot's words regarding the aggressive strategy followed by each Wal-Mart store (Mohideen, 2009, p. 9), even if general stream planning and decision making is still largely centralized, being undertaken at the Wal-Mart Headquarters in Arkansas (for elements such as type of products to be sold, stores to be opened or closed, financial results and objectives, etc.),
The result of this is a company that consistent meets its objectives for cost reduction, growth and profits. Works Cited Faletta, Salvatore. (2005). Organizational Diagnostics Models: A Review & Synthesis. Leadersphere.com. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at http://www.leadersphere.com/img/Orgmodels.pdf Nadler, David; Tushman, Michael & Nadler, Mark B. (1997) Competing by Design: The Power of Organizational Architecture. pp. 28-39 Retrieved October 30, 2008 at http://books.google.com/books?id=pemtYXc1Y1gC&pg=PA28&lpg=PA28&dq=nadler+tushman+congruence+model&source=web&ots=QI3cHfWVfu&sig=LO7-ujjwO6zj0ebfkBwQxDkBcBM&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result Cawsey, Tupper F. & Deszca, Gene. (2007). Toolkit for Organizational Change.
Corporate Mission As the largest mass merchandiser in the world, Wal-Mart's work in supply chain execution, research, and policies defines best practices for the broader high volume retailing industry worldwide. Wal-Mart is comprised of three operating segments including the Wal-Mart stores, Sam's Club and the International Stores. The typical Wal-Mart discount store as 50 departments or more and a few are offering groceries in addition to apparel, fabrics, stationery and books,
Wal-Mart International Expansion International Expansion (Wal-Mart) Company Background Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is the prime retailer in the world, the world's second-largest company after Exxonmobil and the nation's leading nongovernmental company. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. operates retail stores in a variety of retailing layouts in all 50 states in the United States. The Company's selling operations and functions serve its customers mainly through the operation of three segments. The Wal-Mart Stores segments comprise its discount stores,
However, one of the many ways Wal-Mart has been able to cut costs is by not having large stores of items in back rooms at each of their stores. Instead, the organization has used technology to remain customer focused. By innovating the use of sharing sales data, via computer, with their major suppliers, Wal-Mart has been able to keep key items in stock, without having to stockpile them. When an