Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
This has often made it very difficult for black individuals to become high educational and social achievers. Racists then twist the reasons behind this lack of achievement and use it as evidence that members of the group are inferior (Gimlin, 2005). Racism and discrimination are both common threads in prejudiced activity toward black women, and this works to perpetuate the problems that they have faced in the past and that they are still facing in society today.
There is little that can be done to eliminate biological differences between the ethnic groups, but society can change differences that have been created by its own political and economic systems. Some psychologists even argue that racism should be treated like a mental health issue. Racism, therefore, becomes a double-edged sword and both the oppressors and the oppressed suffer from and for it. The oppressors have guilt, shame, and remorse, while the oppressed have anger, despair, and thoughts of revenge. None of these feelings are productive for the person or for society.
It has been noted that ethnocentrism is at the core of these prejudicial attitudes and beliefs. Ethnocentrism is defined as having an exaggerated preference for dealing only with one's own group and a very strong dislike of those who belong to other groups. Both minority and majority groups can be guilty of perpetuating separation, because comfort with people of their own kind is inviting. It fosters a sense of belonging and safety that few people really like to let go of, in many cases. Some members of both mainstream the majority culture and of minority cultures glorify ethnocentrism and they detest the idea of adopting other cultural values, attitudes, or opinions, because they believe that anyone who is 'not like them' is wrong.
White people often enjoy the fruits of racial privilege, while black people and other minorities struggle to keep up and to be treated fairly and equally by all others. Both the majority and minority groups often also reject those people who succeed through becoming linguistically anglicized or culturally Americanized -- or 'Caucasianized.' In other words, those people of either the minority or the majority group who change their attitudes and their beliefs enough to 'fit in' with another group of people are often ostracized to a certain degree by the original group they belonged to (Gimlin, 2005; Espiritu, 2007). Black women are put down by white people and by black men. If they become 'more black' to f it in with what black men want, white people look down on them further (Collins, 1998; Hook, 1998). If they become 'more white' so that they can be more respected and move ahead, black men see them as thinking that they are better than they really are, and they can be shunned by 'their own kind.' It is becoming increasingly more difficult for a black woman to remain true to her roots and heritage and also be successful in what is largely a white society (Collins, 1998).
The nature of race and its association with what are commonly called in-groups and out-groups has been debated for a long time. However, there are many who believe that the process of dissolving any kind of racial identity in a very diverse and still somewhat-racist population is extremely difficult, and that is magnified when gender also plays a role (Collins, 1998; Hook, 1998). Minority groups are naturally expected to pull themselves up by their own bootstraps, regardless of the societal bias against them based on their group affiliations. Often, though, they need help to do this, and they are not getting any of this help based on prejudices that many others have toward them.
Black women and other minorities are confused by dual messages of equality and inequality that are so prevalent in American society today, and these messages seem to be growing stronger over time. Because of that, they may alternate between feeling they need help and believing they can succeed on their own, without needing to change who they are in order to belong or be (and feel) valuable to society and themselves. They may also alternate between their cultural heritage and what they feel they must do to fit in with white society. These black women have not yet been completely able to resolve internalized tensions that they have between pride and shame. They want to be proud of who they are and their cultural heritage, but yet society all too often reinforces the message that, without change, they are inferior.
Collins, Patricia Hill (1998) "Mammies, matriarchs, and other controlling images, black feminist thought" New York: Routledge
Espiritu, Yen Le (2007) "Chapter five: Ideological racism and cultural resistance." In Asian-American women and men: Labor, laws, and love. New York: Rowman and Littlefield
Hook, Bell (1998) "Selling Hot Pussy: Representations of Black Female Sexuality in the Cultural Market" in: R. Weitz (ed) The Politics Of Women's Bodies: Sexuality Appearance and Behaviour. Oxford: Oxford…[continue]
"Controlling Images Representations Of Women" (2009, December 03) Retrieved October 21, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/controlling-images-representations-of-women-16781
"Controlling Images Representations Of Women" 03 December 2009. Web.21 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/controlling-images-representations-of-women-16781>
"Controlling Images Representations Of Women", 03 December 2009, Accessed.21 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/controlling-images-representations-of-women-16781
Representation of Women Through Media Has Changed From 1960s How representation of women through media has changed from the 1960s Susan Douglas suggests that fifty years ago, mass media existed in the form of music, television, and magazines. However, she suggest that the journey has been tough owing to the manner in, which the media represents women. The media used a sexist imagery to represent women, especially women who took part
Modern research on the subject shows that "Native photogenic self-portraits of either gender were rare until relatively recently, perhaps even culturally inconceivable before extreme circumstances encouraged this self-inflicted invasion of privacy," (Rushing 136). Thus, this rise in popularity shows how the art of Native American women is contributing to the indigenous recovery movement that asks people of all indigenous peoples to honor and continue their ancient heritage. Modern artistic
Women and the Information Technology Industry: Where is the Attraction? Opportunities in technology companies are fueling the economy, yet few women pursue them. A recent Pittsburgh Technology Council panel discussion revealed that there are many reasons for women's lack of interest in IT, as were personal priorities (Czetli, 2003). "It might be an issue of self-selection -- women might not be risk takers," said Robin Steif, chief financial officer of Maya
Women's Isolation Despite representing half of the human population, until very recently women were not afforded the same rights and freedoms as men. Furthermore, in much of the world today women remain marginalized, disenfranchised, and disempowered, and even women in the United States continue to face undue discrimination, whether in the workplace, at home, or in popular culture. However, this should not be taken as a disregarding of the hard-fought accomplishments
Women in Television In the late 1960s to early 1970s, as women burned their bras and took to the streets for equality, the female labor force grew three times more than that their male peers (Toossi), increasing numbers of educational opportunities made themselves available to the "fairer sex," and a cultural shift was taking place for women within the household and in society as a whole. As is frequently the case, television
Nonetheless, Lu sees some hope for transgressive representations of Asian women in media, particularly in those films which actively seek to explode stereotypes regarding Asian women not simply by fulfilling the desires of a white, patriarchal society but rather by demonstrating full-fledged, unique characters whose Asian and female identity is only one constituent part of their personality and whose expression is not limited to the roles prescribed for Asian
Thus, the television shows, or their producers would have us think, do not actually promote violence and sexual promiscuity, they simply depict it as part of the reality of the particular people they chose to show on their programs. The problem, however, comes with what such depictions teach those people for whom identity is yet to be determined - our youngest boys and girls. Before MTV's the Real World, popular culture's