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Additionally, the creation of a trust fund for housing could help to alleviate some of the economic burden on developers in Los Angeles. As compared to other major metropolis' such as San Jose, New York, and Chicago, Los Angeles uses the least amount of federal block grant funds on affordable housing on a per person basis, with just $23 per resident (In Short Demand). In addition to adopting an inclusionary zoning ordinance, the city should also implement an in-lieu fee to help fund it. Such a fee could be an alternative method to the institution of including an affordable unit in new developments, and could be directly applied to a housing trust fund. Estimates indicate that a $7 per square foot in-lieu fee would produce a surplus of upwards of $20 million a year, and could be used to remedy the housing shortage that not only affects Latinos, but other minority groups in Los Angeles as well (In Short Demand).
Interestingly enough, some of the aforementioned reforms have been given a significant amount of consideration by both the city of Los Angeles and several of its housing agencies. In response to what was considered a citywide housing crisis, former city council members Reyes, Garcetti, Villaraigosa, Padilla and Miscikowski proposed a motion in April of 2004 that was eventually approved by the City Council to introduce an inclusive zoning ordinance to benefit seekers of low income housing, a group which is partly comprised of Latinos (Los Angles Housing Department). Among other measures included in the ordinance were requests for a percentage of total units to be for affordable housing, with developers being granted an option to choose among setting aside 12% of their rental units for households with incomes at or below 50% of median income, granting 10% of their rental units to be dedicated to Section 8 status, 20% of for-sale units to be set aside for households with incomes below 80% of the median income, or to partition 40% of single family and condominium units to be occupied by households 120% below that of the area's median income (Los Angeles Housing Department). Other stipulations included a maximum affordable housing expense, a citywide geographic applicability, a review clause allowing the city to be kept abreast of progress in three years of this policy's institution, and regular reports from the Affordable Housing Commission and the Housing Department to be provided to the city council and the mayor.
While a fair amount of bureaucracy will always involve municipal affairs of such scale in a city as burgeoning as Los Angeles, the need to effectively house the low wage income earners that help keep such a city in operation is certainly necessary. The implementation of the preceding recommendations would help to alleviate the problems of overcrowding and enclave housing previously outlined. To remain a viable entity in today's demanding economic times, the city can afford to do no less.
Kushner, James. Gov. Discrimination: Equal Protection Law & Litigation. Eagan: Clark Boardman Callaghan, 2008. Print
Los Angeles Housing Department, "Program Components -- City of Los Angeles Inclusionary Zoning Ordinance. 2004. Web. http://cityplanning.lacity.org/Code_Studies/other/ProposedICPolicyMatrix.PDF
Los Angeles Housing Department. In Short Supply: Recommendations of the Los Angeles Housing Crisis task Force. 1999. Web. http://www.ci.la.ca.us/lahd/shrtsup2k.PDF
Liu, Cathy. "Ethnic Enclave Residence and Employment Accessibility of Latino Workers in Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington D.C." University of Southern California, 2008. Web. http://www.usc.edu/schools/sppd/lusk/research/pdf/wp_2008-1001.pdf
Forty Years After The Passage of The Fair Housing Act, Housing Discrimination and Segregation Continue. n.d. Web. http://www.civilrights.org/publications/reports/fairhousing/forty-years.html
The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. Despite the Promise of the Fair Housing Act, the Rate of Housing Discrimination Remains High. n.d. Web. http://www.civilrights.org/publications/reports/fairhousing/discrimination-rate.html
Brennan Center for Justice at New York University Law. Low-Income Latino Families, Represented by Cal. Rural Legal Assistance & Cal. Affordable Housing Project, File Federal Lawsuit Alleging Housing Discrimination by City of Buellton, Cal. 2002. Web. http://www.brennancenter.org/content/elert/low_income_latino_families_represented_by_cal_rural_legal_assistance_cal_af/[continue]
"Housing Issues For Los Angeles" (2011, May 04) Retrieved December 10, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/housing-issues-for-los-angeles-42196
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Finally, in 1959, the last Mexican-American holdouts in Chavez Ravine were forcibly removed from their homes by police, and the bulldozers were brought in to clear all remaining buildings, according to the PBS report. Los Angeles Times reporter Dan Lai wrote in his blog on April 20, 2010: "[Chavez Ravine] is a story of broken promises, wicked land deals, slimy business proceedings, highly questionable political wrangling, mayoral lies, forcible evictions, eminent
Rodney King Riots Los Angeles, a city of cars, stars, and ethnic neighborhoods, rests on the edge of a continent and shimmers with the promise of dreams fulfilled. But, as the late L.A. native and journalist George Ramos publicly confided on the front page of the Los Angeles Times, in the aftermath of the 1992 race riots, "Los Angeles, you broke my heart. And I'm not sure I'll love you
" (Finnerty, 2008) It is reported that those who suffer from co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems are also likely to be homeless. According to the Health Care for the Homeless Clinicians' Network (2000) "Co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse makes it more likely that people will be chronically homeless." (cited in Finnerty, 2008) Factors that are known to contribute to homelessness in those with co-occurring mental illness and
Change must be imminent yet it is hard to know where it will come from as racial and economic inequity that leads to and sustains segregated housing remains multifaceted, with no universal answer that will touch on all issues. The program must be comprehensive and yet it cannot exclude grass roots efforts to improve the situation, either in racially segregated areas or within the whole community of the United States.
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For this research proposal several possible methods of research were examined and discarded before settling on the structured interview and the questionnaire for methods to use in this particular study. Questionnaire The questionnaire will be distributed to 100 low income families and will consist of three sections. The first section will ask for general demographic information including race, age, number of family members, income and current living situation. The second section will ask the
Land Use Planning Policies and Urban Sprawl IMPORTANCE Land planning for distribution has progressed manifolds in the past century. Increase in the number of communities in the country raises the demand for urban development. Developments are often referred as revolutionary plans meant for better living. However, by the end of the 20th century perception of better living means away from the mainstream urbanism. Communities shifted to new areas with open space, tranquility