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The social justice implications of Immigration eform
Strangers are behind the formation of the beautiful land of America. The American land has flourishes because it is being by different sources. This rooted on the varied nourishments of different people, cultures, and traditions. Immigration reforms have made the U.S. A strong and vibrant nation. eforms of immigration have been fostering the rich dynamism in the country. Appropriate welcoming of foreign visitors makes the country brighter and attractive across the globe (Jonas, 2009).
Implementation of immigration reforms introduced comprehensive legislation that fixed the formerly tampered system of immigration thus strengthening the U.S. economy. Economic experts supported evocative, human, and personal terms to address issues of families distanced by miles and separated and resources. Young people are increasingly willing and ready to come out of their shadow into American lifestyle. Immigrant community advocates rooted in different parts of America have similar…
Jonas, S. (2009). Immigration: A civil rights issue for the Americas. Wilmington, Del: Scholarly Resources.
Lusk, M.W., Staudt, K.A., & Moya, E. (2012). Social justice in the U.S.-Mexico border region. Dordrecht: Springer.
Berkman, B. (2006). Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging. New York: Oxford University Press.
Trotter, J.W. (2010). The Great migration in historical perspective: New dimensions of race, class, and gender. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
The American political system appears to be engaged in a chaotic state of confusion as many contradictory policies and actions are taking place in national society. Immigration reform is one of the main issues coming from the media machines that dictate and pace the political discussions taking place. The purpose of this essay is to describe the relationship between immigration reform and homeland security.
The current pace of societal change suggests that any reforms that are completed at a federal level are sure to be obsolete in the near future. Immigration reform is no exception to this understanding as it too is a very fluid ideal. The arguments for immigration reform are strictly political and need to be understood that this a limited view of a real problem.
America has been built by immigrants from around the world and this historical context provides the background on which this…
O'Keefe, E. (2013). A narrow border-security agreement could pave the way for broad immigration reform. The Washington Post, 29 July 2013. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com /politics/a-narrow-border-security-agreement-could' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
There is a broad based agreement of a need for immigration reform. In recent months and years, immigration reform has become an important political issue. However, there is some disagreement as to what precisely this reform will look like. On one hand, there is talk about amnesty for illegal immigrants who are currently in the country, an issue that has proved divisive (Grant, 2012). One the other hand, technology companies are lobbying Congress for changes for visa rules, to allow them to retain skilled workers and avoid the offshoring of jobs to foreign countries (Lynch, 2013). hile millions of unskilled laborers live in perpetual fear of deportation, the number of applicants for H-1B visas -- for skilled workers -- exceeded the annual cap in just five days (Lynch, 2013). There are clearly a number of problems with the immigration system.
These two distinct issues both fall under the…
Citrin, J., Green, D., Muste, C. & Wong, C. (1997). Public opinion toward immigration reform: The role of economic motivations. The Journal of Politics. Vol. 59 (3) 858-881.
Cunninghma-Parmeter, K. (2011). Forced federalism: States as laboratories of immigration reform. Hastings Law Journal. Vol. 62 (July 2011) 1673-1728.
Dunaway, J., Branton, R. & Abrajano, M. (2010). Agenda setting, public opinion, and the issue of immigration reform. Social Science Quarterly. Vol. 91 (2) 359-378.
Foster, C. (2012). Ethical issues in immigration law, practice and policy. South Texas Law Review. Vol. 533
Immigration Reform and the Dream Act
Regardless of one's individual political position, a study of immigration in modern America reveals that the current immigration system is not working. Preferential treatment of immigrants from some countries over immigrants from other countries and preferential treatment of high-wage immigrants combined with policies of active deportation reflect a reality that no longer exists in America. The reality is that there are huge numbers of undocumented workers in America, and that these workers form an integral part of the American economy. "Almost everyone would agree that America's immigration system is broken. Approximately 11 million people live in the U.S. without the rights citizenship affords" (Foster, p.1). hile they may not contribute to the federal income tax base, they certainly contribute to state and local taxes through buying power and through rent. In addition, both by providing services and by purchasing good and services, they provide…
"Conservative Economists Agree Immigration Reform Would Boost Economic Growth, Cut the Federal Deficit, and Create American Jobs." Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc. Proquest. Web. 6 Oct. 2013.
Dervarics, Charles. "DREAM Act Gets New Push in U.S. Senate." Diverse Issues in Higher
Education. 30.15 (Aug. 29, 2013): 6. Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 6 Oct. 2013.
Foster, David. "The Green Economy and a Path to Citizenship." Earth Island Journal. 28.3
5 billion per year. "(Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Yorkers)
In most cases, studies show that the central areas of expenditure are related to immigration are education, health care and incarceration resulting from illegal immigration. (Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Yorkers) Education is of particular concern. In New York, more than $4.3 billion annually is spent on education for the children of illegal immigrants. The number of K-12 public school students in New York who are illegal aliens is also high at 11.7%. (Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Yorkers)
Healthcare and expenditure of taxpayer's funds spent on illegal aliens is also a bone of contention. In the case of New York "...unreimbursed medical outlays for health care provided to the state's illegal alien population amount to an estimated $690 million a year." (Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Yorkers)
The cost of incarceration in the case of…
Isbister, J. (1996). Are Immigration Controls Ethical? Social Justice, 23(3), 54+.
The above article provides a crucial and important overview of the ethical factors involve din the issue of immigration. This article argues that many of us are in a "...ethically fraught position with respect to immigration." Importantly it also reviews some of the most important reason for immigration control and weights this up against moral considerations
Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Yorkers. Retrieved October 26, 2006, at http://www.fairus.org/site/PageServer?pagename=research_nycosts
This is a short but informative article which outlines the cost of immigration to the region in terms of the three main items of expenditure. The article also provides a valuable insight into the actual effects of immigration in a specific region.
These groups believe that the program is giving blanket amnesty and encouraging more illegal immigration.
President Bush denies that the program promotes amnesty. "I oppose amnesty, placing undocumented workers on the automatic path to citizenship," he said (FOX, 2004). "Granting amnesty encourages violation of our laws and perpetuates illegal immigration. America is a welcoming country, but citizenship must not be the automatic reward for violating the laws of America."
While the Constitution at first glance seems to oppose immigration reform, in fact it facilitates reform and even mandates it (Masugi, 2005). The Constitution states that all persons be counted, and illegal immigrants count as persons. This idea is supported by the example of the great American dilemma in which "other persons" -slaves - were counted as three-fifths of persons, therefore increasing the power of the slave states in the House of epresentatives. Slavery, one of the biggest tragedies of American…
FOX News. (January 7, 2004). Bush Calls for Overhaul of U.S. Immigration System. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,107644,00.html .
Masugi, Ken. (October 31, 2005). Prop. 77's immigration angle: Illegal immigrants distort the value of voters in districts where they live.
Freedom Communications, Inc.
The White House. (January, 2004). Fact Sheet: Fair and Secure Immigration Reform. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2004/01/20040107-1.html .
Immigration reform was one of President Barack Obama's goals as he entered the hite House for his first term. That didn't get done in the first term which made it more vital for the President to attack the issue in his second term. This paper points to the problem, the potential solutions, and the gridlock in the U.S. Congress that has prevented the problem from even being serious addressed let alone a solution found.
hy are there an estimated 11.7 million illegal Latino immigrants living in the United States? Part of the reason there are so many are here (mostly from Mexico) is that the U.S. / Mexican border is not secure, and never has been. Nevertheless, the progressive view of this issue is that the nearly twelve million immigrants living and working here deserve to have a path to citizenship, and that has been part of the difficulty in…
Beinart, P. (2014). Waiting for Republicans to Act on Immigration Is Pointless. The Atlantic. Retrieved November 13, 2014, from http://www.theatlantic.com .
Burns, M., Groch-Begley, H., Shere, D., Tone, H., and Uwimana, S. (2013). 10 Myths
Conservative Media Will Use Against Immigration Reform. Media Matters. Retrieved November 13, 2014, from http://mediamatters.org .
Clement, S. (2014). Immigration reform is super popular. Here's why Congress isn't
Southern law enforcement agencies have been armed with so-called 287 (g) laws that systematically target undocumented aliens and allow them to enforce Federal immigration law using racial profiling. This has made Latino crime victims and witnesses reluctant to testify and more reluctant to cooperate with police. In effect, what it has created is a subclass of people who exist beyond the protection of the law. It is assumed that all Latinos are documented and pushes the envelope of discrimination against the Hispanic population in general ("Under Siege" 3-4).
For this reason, the Southern Poverty Law Center has a positive program for communities and individuals to fight back. On the legal front, they teach community leaders how to take an active role in fighting discrimination against undocumented workers and other types of discrimination. Rather than allowing discrimination to continue against undocumented workers, SLPC trains these workers to demand action against local…
"Climate of Fear: Latino Immigrants in Suffolk County, N.Y.." Southern Poverty Law
Center. Southern Poverty Law Center, September 2009. Web. 3 May 2010. .
"Close to Slavery: Guestworker Programs in the United States." Southern Poverty Law
Center. Southern Poverty Law Center, March 2007. Web. 3 May 2010. .
Mexican laborers were still brought into the U.S. As temporary laborers, but not as citizens. The term "illegal alien" was used for the first time at this point. In the mid-1950s, "operation wetback" deported over a million undocumented immigrants. The U.S. also "showed off its true colors" when it forced the Japanese-Americans (and these were citizens) into internment camps during World War II. The history of Mexican immigration has been one of acceptance during periods of labor need and rejection when those periods have ended.
Immigration history for Europeans has played out differently. About 200,000 European immigrants gained legal status between 1925 and 1965. Granted, slurs were also made against the Irish, Italian and Eastern European (mostly Jewish) arrivals. Though there was early resistance to such immigration, and eastern Europeans were subject to discrimination.
eer 43) Likely, because of their color, they could soon work their way out of poverty…
Heer 43) Likely, because of their color, they could soon work their way out of poverty and into the middle class. Says Rodriguez about such double standards: "Let's not pretend that this hysteria is not about race, color and dehumanization. it's not even anti-immigrant or even anti-Latino/Hispanic bigotry. it's the exploitation of a deep-seated fear and loathing of Mexicans and Central Americans by shameless politicians." (417)
In 1993 the Supreme Court again ruled that states had no specific jurisdiction over immigration controls and stopped the Texas law restricting undocumented immigrants and their children from attending school or receiving medical care, Plyler v. Doe. Yet, again there had been no comprehensive ruling as to what was or was not right with regard to immigration reform, though the U.S. had challenged discrimination against mainly Mexican immigrants into the U.S. The comprehensive answers were yet to come.
Heer 69) the U.S. And the
Why Immigration Reform is Needed
Immigration reform has almost always been a thorny issue in America. Though it is popularly believed that America was born of a nation of immigrants, the reality is that the original 13 colonies largely consisted of individuals from one specific part of Europe—England—and from the time of the War for Independence onward it was a White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASPs) ethic that served as the fulcrum for American power and politics. It was this fulcrum that established the concept of “Manifest Destiny”—i.e., the idea that it was America’s (that is, the WASP’s) destiny in life to expand and take over the land as far as it could see (O’Sullivan). “Manifest Destiny” was used to justify taking land from Mexico and it was implicitly used to justify American expansionism overseas. In other words, WASPs wanted to expand their control and exert their influence and power. The arrival…
Immigration eform Bill Is About
The immigration reform bill, passed in June, was the first major immigration reform initiative to have been accepted by either houses of Congress after many years of debate. "It addresses undocumented immigrants, legal immigration, border security, employer hiring and an entry-exit system so the government knows if foreign nationals leave the country when their visa expires" (Foley, 2013, Democratic bill). The bill is designed to offer a facilitated path to citizenship for workers who have made a substantial personal investment in the United States, while still addressing concerns about border security and undocumented workers. For example, it provides a long and "arduous" path to citizenship for illegal workers, "but advocates are thrilled that it would exist at all…Dreamers, young undocumented immigrants who came to the U.S. As children, would be able to earn green cards in five years, as would some agricultural workers" (Foley, 2013,…
Foley, E. (2013). Democratic bill passes with strong majority. The Huffington Post.
Foley, E. (2013). CBO estimates immigration bill will shrink deficit. The Huffington Post.
S./Mexico border, and that the concerns go beyond simply illegal Mexican migrants.
Identify, in your own words, any propaganda techniques used by either of the authors.
Propaganda was used by both sides. Lamm (2002) uses the horror of September 11th to evoke emotion in the reader. He notes that those murderers were allowed into the country and lived, worked and played here before taking the lives of thousands of innocents. He exacerbates that emotion by continuing with the note that there are still terrorists among Americans, waiting for a chance to commit acts of terror, and thousands of Islamic schools training children to hate America, prepping them to do the same thing.
Campbell's (2006) propaganda centers on the American Dream and the desire for honest, hard-working people to just make a living. She too plays on the reader's emotions, noting that poor Alfredo's son, who is an illegal alien in…
Campbell, M. (17 May 2006). Mexicans see insult, danger in border plan. USA Today. Retrieved May 24, 2006, from Academic Search Premier database.
Lamm, R. (1 Mar 2002). Terrorism and immigration: We need a border. Vital Speeches of the Day, 68(10). Retrieved May 24, 2006, from ProQuest database.
Pros and Cons of Immigration Reform
Illegal immigration the act of crossing national boundaries with people or the inhabitation of foreign nationals in another country (different from their home country) in a manner that causes a violation of the immigration laws and policies of their host country (Taylor 2007:6). Currently, the U.S. is one of the most affected globally by the illegal immigration population. As of 2008, it was estimated that about eleven million residents of the U.S. were illegal immigrants. The illegal immigration has elicited great debate and has made the federal government institute several policies in response to this problem (Preston 2008)
Federal government policy proposal on illegal immigration
In 1996, the congress passed two major Acts that guided the deportation of illegal immigrants in the U.S. The two acts passed include "The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA)" and the "Illegal Immigration eform and Immigrant esponsibility Act (IIIA)" They are important…
Harvard Journal on Legislation. USA Patriot Act Recent Developments Heinonline.org, 2002
Landgrave, Michelangelo. Immigration Reform 2013: Why California Has the Right Answer,
California: California University Press 2013
immigration crisis, referring to the United States and particularly to the southern border, has been in use for a couple of decades. This tells us that the perception of crisis is ingrained in American political and social discourse, and it also illustrates that however one defines "crisis," little has been done to resolve it. Immigration is frequently cast as a political issue, but the politicization of immigration has done little to bring about a consensus resolution, leaving different layers of government to deal with immigration in an ad hoc manner. Solutions and proposed solutions have ranged from amnesty to detention (Welch, 1996). This paper will examine the immigration crisis and propose that reframing the crisis might be a more effective pathway to resolution.
Humans have always migrated, and they tend to migrate for the same reasons. Either the old location is in a state of poverty, or war, and…
Fahmy, D. (2010). Expensive alients: How much do illegal immigrants really cost? ABC News. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from http://abcnews.go.com/Business/illegal-immigrants-cost-us-100-billion-year-group/story?id=10699317
Herz, D. (2014). Root causes of current immigration crisis. Journal of Interdisciplinary Feminist Thought. Vol. 8 (1) 5.
Massey, D. (2007). Understanding America's immigration "crisis." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society Vol. 151 (3) 309-327.
Weiner, M. (1995). The global immigration crisis: Challenge to states and to human rights. Harper Collins: New York.
Home Security eforming Immigration eform
Homeland Security eforming Immigration eform
In current years illegal immigration has turned out to be a topic that has brought up some significant political issues in the United States. A lot of the debate on illegal immigration emphases on a feasible route to United States citizenship. It would need to be pointed out that there are so many more persistent subjects which should be spoken about in regards to the illegal immigration discussion. Some are arguing that illegal immigrants that are without health insurance are costing American tax payers billions of dollars annually. Some even believe that most are wearing out their welcome and staying way past their due time. This paper talks about a reforming the immigration reform in order to bring more restriction and organization.
eforming Immigration eform
In what could arguably have been the shot heard around the world during…
AP-GfK (Associated Press-GfK Roper Public Affairs & Corporate Communications). (2013). The AP-GfK Poll, January, 2013. Associated Press. Retrieved 25 Jan. 2013 from http://ap-gfkpoll.com/main/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/AP-GfK-January-2013-Topline-FINAL_IMMIGRATION.pdf .
Boyer, Dave. (2012, Oct. 24). Obama says Latino vote is key to victory, vows immigration reform in 2013. Washington Times. Retrieved 25 Jan. 2013 from http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/oct/24/obama-confident-immigration-reform-if-reelected/?page=all .
Bush, Jeb and Clint, Bolick. (2013, Jan. 25). Solving the immigration puzzle. Wall Street Journal, A13. Retrieved from ProQuest, ID: 1272439648.
Davila, A.P. (2012). Immigration reform, the INS, and the distribution of interior and border enforcement resources. Public Choice, 45-67.
Federation for American Immigration Reform's background website regarding various state-based initiatives allowing qualified illegal aliens to pay in-state tuition rates.
All children in the United States is entitled to a primary and secondary public education, regardless of their citizenship and immigration status. However, once they reach college, illegal aliens are required to pay the tuition rate of foreign, international students. This places higher education out of the reach of many children of undocumented aliens.
To address this problem, the states of Texas, Utah, Illinois, New York and California passed laws giving undocumented immigrants the right to pay in-state tuition rates at the state's public colleges and universities. This option is available to students who graduated from a state high school and have been residents in the state for at least three years.
The laws are also contingent on a student gaining admission to the universities.
The law also includes a…
FAIR Issue Brief. "Taxpayers should not have to subsidize college for illegal aliens." Issue Brief. May 2003. Federation for American Immigration Reform. 13 September 2003 http://www.fairus.org/html/04182108.htm .
Amnesty: The Real Solution to Immigration Reform
This paper serves two purposes. The first is to examine why amnesty is the lynchpin (or central factor) for creating sound and responsible U.S. immigration policy and the second is to argue that people who are unconditionally anti-amnesty are obtuse (or to use the word that's truly fitting: idiots) given the known facts about high deportation costs and near-impossible deportation logistics.
To start with the basics, one should define amnesty in this particular context. U.S. Immigration Support Org. states, "Amnesty for illegal immigrants is defined as a governmental pardon for violating policies related to immigration. Amnesty would allow illegal immigrants or undocumented aliens to gain permanent residency in the United States" (Amnesty, n.d.). In short, amnesty means allowing those who are here illegally to stay in the U.S.
During his last years in office, President George . Bush put forth an immigration reform…
Amnesty. (n.d.). Amnesty. U.S. Immigration Support Org. Retrieved June 5, 2011,
Cicero, M.T. (n.d.). BrainyQuote.com. Retrieved June 5, 2011, from BrainyQuote.com
Identifying Optimal Immigration Policies
In 1870, the United States had a population of about 39 million people with virtually no immigration laws in place (U.S. historic population, 2017). In fact, it was not until several individual states began passing various types of immigration laws after the Civil War that the federal government enacted any limitations on immigration to the United States at all (Early American immigration policies, 2017). Although the situation in America is far different today, these early immigration policies were based on the same exclusionary issues that they are today. For instance, the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and Alien Contract Labor laws of 1885 and 1887 were intended to prevent workers from specified countries from entering the country (Early American immigration policies, 2017). In other words, over the past century and a half or so, foreigners have increasingly been regarded as some type of political, economic or…
The Existential Fallacy Behind Arizona's Immigration Policy
Few issues currently featured in American public debate are clouded by as much emotional bias, invective and distortion as that of immigration reform. Particularly as this concerns America's shared border with Mexico, immigration is a discussion which carries significant political ramification, clear racial overtones and distinctions in ideology where American openness is concerned. As a result, many political figures have been moved to comment or drive policy on the issue-based less on the support of fact than on the employment of inflammatory rhetoric. And quite frequently, this rhetoric is presented with little concern for the logical fallacies which may underlie is basic formative claims. Rarely has this been evidenced with more vitriol or determination than in the state of Arizona over the last several years. In the context of our discussion, Arizona Governor Jan Brewer is particularly noted for her steady…
Biggers, J. (2011). How Arizona wrote the GOP's immigration platform. Salon.com.
Immigration in America: The Benefits and Costs of a Polarizing Problem
As Suarez-Orozco, Rhodes and Milburn (2009) point out, immigrants need “supportive relationships” in order to succeed in the foreign country that they move to (p. 151). However, when that foreign country is determined to address immigration issues—not only illegal immigration but also legal immigration—it can become a difficult problem for both sides of the political aisle. For a nation like the United States, that is especially true. After all, America was founded by immigrants. The early Spanish and French missionaries came in the 16th century seeking converts to Christianity. The Puritans and English followed. The Germans and Italians and Irish and Polish all came to America in the wake of Industrialization. Over time, America was host to so many different populations and groups of people that it was referred to as the melting pot in 1909 (Higgins). However,…
There is no question, however, that immigration issues will remain in the forefront of our national policy debates.
Deportation Factors and Crimes Involving Moral Turpitude
Research indicates that since the late 1980s, Congress had been tightening the substantive provisions of the immigration laws, to make it far less likely that a convicted criminal alien can find a way to be relieved of expulsion. For many years the basic statutory pattern was that a crime involving moral turpitude rendered a person deportable, if it was committed less than five years after the person's entry and resulted in a sentence of one year or more confinement. A later-committed crime or one that drew a lighter sentence did not result in deportation. If the person committed two such crimes that were not part of a single criminal scheme, they could render the person deportable no matter when they were committed. A drug offense…
Calavita, Kitty. Immigration, law and marginalization in a global economy: Notes from Spain. Law and Society Review (1998).
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/chinex.html (26 Apr. 2005).
Immigration Act of 1907. http://www.multied.com/documents/immigrationact.html (26 Apr. 2005).
Levinson, Peter. The facade of Quasi-Judicial Independence in Immigration Appellate Adjudications. http://www.rightsworkinggroup.org/files/peter_article.pdf.(26 Apr. 2005).
Ethics and Social esponsibility:
Immigration and Amnesty in the United States
The question of immigration, especially in this country, is ever-present. From our past, and well into our future, the United States will be a nation of immigrants. However, as political candidates raise a number of questions relating to immigrants south of the border, one must wonder about how immigration has grown into such a hotly debated issue, and how it is separating this country. Though it is true that the United States needs immigration reform, one must also look at the traditions of the country, and how they can protect the less fortunate, especially in the area of immigration. The reason this must happen is because most come here with notions of a better place, where they can live safely and freely, and prosper as individuals. This nation ought to offer that to all individuals, for that is…
Amnesty International. "USA must fight anti-immigration sentiments in nine states" (2010). Amnesty International. < http://www.amnestyusa.org/news/press-releases/usa-must-fight-anti-immigrant-sentiment-in-nine-states >.
Baier, K. (1990). "Egoism" in A companion to ethics, Ed., Peter Singer. Blackwell: Oxford.
Cox, A., & Posner, A. (2007). The second-order structure of immigration law. 809,
These measures included laws, which denied services to undocumented residents, alerted police to assume ICE functions, penalized for employers who hired the aliens, and made English the official language. In Arizona, ordinary citizens were encouraged to report businesses, which hired suspicious foreign-looking persons. Hispanics were the major targets of this xenophobia because they were believed to be the major law violators. Statistics showed that there were approximately 12 million undocumented immigrants, most of them Latinos or Hispanics, in the U.S. The national bias against them showed up in studies, which considered only them in determining how much they were costing the country in services. ut did they really drain the economy? A spokesman for the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission did not think so. A 2004 study on "foreign-born" citizens of Virginia alone concluded that Asians outnumbered Hispanics. The Commission found that these "foreign-born" citizens were not a huge…
Galuszka, P. (2008). Hispanics bearing the brunt of xenophobia. Diverse Issues in Higher
Education: Cox, Matthews & Associates. Retrieved on March 24, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mWMX/is_1_25/ai_n2491956?tag=content;col1
ICE (2008). About ICE. Immigration and Customs Enforcement: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved on March 24, 2009 from http://www.ice.gov/about/index.htm
Marcucci, M.R. (2007). Marchers call for immigration reform. Oakland Tribune: ANG
Even European immigrants experienced discrimination in the 19th century. As Vellos (1997) points out, "American society did not accept the Irish Catholics and Germans, and movements to limit immigration began to form." The Chinese Exclusion Act established anti-Asian sentiments and was not repealed until as late as 1943. For the first time in American history, immigration was "seen as a threat to the United States economy, and Congress began expanding the list of 'undesirable classes' hoping to upgrade the quality of immigrants and to limit overall entry," (Vellos 1997).
In spite of having to live in squalid inner city tenement buildings, new waves of immigrants relished the idea of the American Dream. The American Dream provides the ideological and psychological incentive for new immigrants to a pursue a path of upward social mobility. Upward social mobility was most likely unavailable in the home country, whereas the United States has been…
"A Historical Look at U.S. Immigration Policy." (1995). Retrieved online: http://web.missouri.edu/~brente/immigr.htm
Center for Immigration Studies (n.d.). Immigration history. Retrieved online: http://www.cis.org/ImmigrationHistory
Colorado Alliance for Immigration Reform (2010). U.S. Population and Immigration Data, Projections and Graphs. Retrieved online: http://www.cairco.org/data/data_us.html
Diner, H. (2008). Immigration and U.S. History. America.gov. Retrieved online: http://www.america.gov/st/peopleplace-english/2008/February/20080307112004ebyessedo0.1716272.html
In the most extensive study till date including nearly 3,000 people, Prof Vega has revealed that acculturation to U.S. customs has a damaging impact in the U.S. He found double the rate of mental disturbance in U.S. compared to the latest happenings of immigration or Mexicans who stayed in their country. Prof Vega along with his team of associates found that U.S. born Mexican-American, the lifetime threat of being detected with any mental disorder was analogous to that for non-Hispanic whites which is 48.1% that roughly one in two people. However, in case of new immigrants and Mexican citizen, the rate dropped down to 24.9%. Besides, they found out that the rate of psychological effect went up progressively after immigration in such a measure that Mexicans who had stayed in the country for more than 13 years had roughly identical rate as who were born in U.S. (as Mexican Immigrants…
Causes and Consequences of California's Latin American Origin Immigration" Retrieved at http://clnet.ucla.edu/challenge/ccorigin.htm. Accessed on 4 May, 2005
Chac n, Oscar; Rodr'guez, Aide; Shannon, Amy. (June, 2004) "Latino Immigrant Leaders Push for Immigration Reform: Background on Immigrant-Led, Community-Based Organization." Citizen Action in the Americas, No. 10; Americas Program, Interhemispheric Resource Center (IRC) Retrieved at http://www.americaspolicy.org/citizen-action/series/10enlaces_body.html
Huntington, Samuel P. "The Special Case of Mexican Immigration" the America Enterprise online. Retrieved at http://www.taemag.com/issues/articleid.12114/article_detail.asp. Accessed on 4 May, 2005
Marti, Dinerstein. (September, 2004) "Social Security 'Totalization' - Examining a Lopsided Agreement with Mexico" Retrieved at http://www.cis.org/articles/2004/back904.html . Accessed on 4 May, 2005
Advocacy groups, whether private or government-sponsored, ease transition from home to America but being uprooted poses severe psychological and sociological problems that are not easy to fix.
The United States remains one of the only nations to openly welcome immigrants as a national policy; Canada is another. For centuries the United States has relied on immigrant labor to fuel industry and add nuance to the nation's cultural fabric. The United States is no longer viewed as a melting pot because of the increased pride among immigrants in their native cultures and languages. Balancing assimilation with preservation of culture is still the most difficult task for immigrants, many of whom hope for a more stable life in the new world while still retaining the values and lifestyles of their ancestors.
Refugees continue to hold a unique social, economic and political status in the United States. As Tumulty notes, the Hmong assimilated…
Branigin, William. "Immigrants Shunning Idea of Assimilation." The Myth of the Melting Pot. Washington Post. May 25, 1998. Retrieved Jun 14, 2008 at http://www.washingtonpost.com /wp-srv/national/longterm/meltingpot/melt0525a.htm' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Pastor categorizes the last century (ending in the 1980s) as falling into several categories, with regard to immigration policy, which he also notes is open for debate, as it is usually done in public debates in Congress and between the executive branch and congress.
While policy during this period may be categorized in many ways, a Latin American perspective suggests four useful divisions...: Defining Limits, 1875-1921; the Classical Special elationship, 1921-1964; From Special elationship to Global Policy, 1965-1978; and the Special Case -- Illegal Migration.
1984, p. 37)
The shift associated with immigration from, European sources to Latin America, and namely Mexico is well documented and determinant of many social issues, including those designated with the legal immigration sphere as well as those designated illegal, by virtue of the manner in which immigration is done. This was also a shift, in that there had been significant movements during and following…
Borjas, G.J. (2001). Does Immigration Grease the Wheels of the Labor Market. 69.
Briggs, V.M. (1995). Mass Immigration, Free Trade and the Forgotten American Worker. Challenge, 38(3), 37.
Briggs, V.M. (1996). Immigration Policy and the U.S. Economy: An Institutional Perspective. Journal of Economic Issues, 30(2), 371.
DeSipio, L., & De la Garza, R.O. (1998). Making Americans, Remaking America: Immigration and Immigrant Policy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
e can see that minority status has far less to do with population size, and instead seems very much to be inclined by race, ethnicity and political power instead. This label of minority status is in many ways used as a tag by which certain groups are detained from political unity or effectiveness.
To a large degree, this is a condition which relates to the nature of the Hispanic demographic, which in spite of its cultural diversity, is typically perceived by the larger American public as a single unified entity. This is both untrue and reflects the ethnocentric qualities of the white American political body that have tended to relegate the Hispanic population to representation that is not proportional to its true presence here. Indeed, "although Mexican-Americans continue to be the largest group within the Latino population, increasing immigration from other Latin American means they are perhaps the most culturally…
Agencia EFE. (2009). Hispanics ask Obama for More Key Government Posts. Hispanic Business. Ret. Feb. 13, 2010 at http://www.hispanicbusiness.com/politics/2009/4/30/hispanics_ask_obama_for_more_key.htm
Auerbach, a.J. & Oreopoulos, P. (1999). Analyzing the Fiscal Impact of U.S. Immigration. The American Economic Review, 89(2).
Bernstein, R. (2008). U.S. Hispanic population surpasses 45 million now 15% of total. U.S. Census Bureau News.
Borjas, G. (1995). The Economic Benefits from Immigration. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(2).
hen economic conditions plummet, as they did in 2008, anti-immigrant sentiment may increase even more. Blaming immigrants is a popular pastime but it doesn't change the facts.
As America braces for a bruising round of political debate on the immigration issue, having a sense of which facts are accurate and which are myths will help both citizens and policy-makers. elfare reform and immigration reform policies can change the process for obtaining public benefits and obtaining legal status, respectively. But these differences will impact the economic sector only in minor ways. The bottom line is clear. Immigrants benefit the American economy in many ways, both obvious and subtle, both long-term and immediate, both as workers and as consumers. Those who favor a strong economic engine in the U.S. would do well to welcome our neighbors from around the world.
American Civil Liberties Union. 2002. Immigrants Rights: Immigrants and…
American Civil Liberties Union. 2002. Immigrants Rights: Immigrants and the Economy.
Available at: http://www.aclu.org/immigrants-rights/immigrants-and-economy
Anrig, Greg and Tova Wang. 2004. Immigration, Jobs, and the American Economy. The Century Foundation. Available at:
Scores of illegal Latin Americans work in the hospitality industry, construction, meatpacking, agriculture, and landscaping sectors. In fact, in some of the states it is said that almost half of the construction workers are from Latin America. There are arguments that if all these illegal immigrants were removed these jobs would improve the unemployment situation for the American citizens. It is also generally argued that the pay scale for low skilled jobs would also increase. Also, most of the illegal aliens utilize healthcare, education and other services without paying taxes causing significant drain for the government.
The above points are clearly valid but there are both positive and negative effects of illegal immigration. Economists feel that totally eliminating illegal workers would only marginally improve the pay scale for high school dropouts and would not have any significant impact for workers with higher qualifications. Furthermore, illegal immigration contributes positively as Americans…
1) Michael Barone, 'Living with Illegals', U.S. News and World Report, April 3rd 2006.
The population concerns, and the amount of finance drained towards the social welfare of the immigrants pose threat to the U.S. economy. It is therefore important for the government to focus more towards the employment of the local population, and the immigration to the applicants should be granted on the basis of available job opportunities. The government has so far failed to deliver the economic grievances of the local population, therefore the amount sanctioned for the social welfare of the immigrants can be diverted towards the well-being of the local population the allocation of the funds towards security along the borders is justified because in many of the cases the immigrants have been associated with practices that are responsible for unethical and terrorist activities.
Gordon Howard Hanson. Why Does Immigration Divide America? Public Finance and Political Opposition to Open Borders Peterson Institute. 2005. pp. 51
Gary Scott Smith.…
Gordon Howard Hanson. Why Does Immigration Divide America? Public Finance and Political Opposition to Open Borders Peterson Institute. 2005. pp. 51
Gary Scott Smith. Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush. Oxford University Press U.S.. 2006. pp. 425
Reed Ueda. A Companion to American Immigration. Blackwell Publishing. 2005. pp. 142
U.S Department of Homeland Security. Office of Management and Budget. 2006
The author of this report is asked to watch, summarize and assess the implications and points made by the documentary titled The Other Side of Immigration by Roy Germano. In addition to that, the author is asked to offer opinions and analysis of whether or how reform in the United States should be structured, how the a guest worker program should be structured, what is slowing down immigration reform in ashington and whether there is a negative impact caused by illegal immigration in the United States. Lastly, the author will point to the portrayal of the immigrants in the movie and whether there is a bias involved with the documentary.
Review of Film
In watching the film, the basic premise and summary of the film is that the illegal or even legal immigrants from Mexico and the struggle they face as well as the reasons why the keep trying…
Foley, Elise. "Buck McKeon: Terrorists May 'Mingle In' With Latinos To Cross Border." Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/09/buck-mckeon-border_n_3733082.html (accessed October 8, 2013).
Murray, Shailagh, and Lori Montgomery. "House passes health-care reform bill without Republican votes." The Washington Post: National, World & D.C. Area News and Headlines - The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/content/article/2010/03/21/AR2010032100943.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
The weak part of the argument was that I found that Noorani and Belanger (2009) generalized. He seemed to show subjectivity and bias in his rancor when for instance he complains that "Immigration hard-liners will use the hook of immigration enforcement in an effort to derail just about anything progressive tilt the Congressional leadership tries to accomplish" (ibid.) Not all immigration hardliners are like that; their reasons may not be because of their opposition to immigration; and the argument would have been more convincing had Noorani and Belanger (2009) stated the specific policies that hardliners resent and the reasons for their disproval . The succeeding sentences continue to malign the so-called hardliners turning Noorani and Belanger (2009)'s otherwise level-headed argument into one that sounds suspiciously partisan and, therefore, less strong in its power to persuade.
The author urges Obama's government to continue with their immigration stance and to ignore these…
NOORANI, ALI, and MAURICE BELANGER. 2009. "The Need for Progressive immigration Reform." Social Policy 39, no. 1: 12-14. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed November 29, 2012).
The 'euniting Families Act' would also try to increase the current per country limit of 7% to 10% for the issuing of green cards. This bill, if passed, would also permit widows, widowers and children of those persons who die before the completion of the immigration process to get LP status. (Shank, Michael Honda to Announce Key Component of Comprehensive Immigration eform: euniting Families); (euniting Families Act-2009); (Honda, The euniting Families Act (H.. 2709))
euniting Families Act also attempts to stop discriminatory clauses in other immigration rules which prevent permanent same-sex partners to reunite with their families. From the perspective of illegal immigrants, section 245(i) would be more suitable as they will not have to return to their home country before filing a petition for a change of status because if they do return, they might face a possible ban ranging from 3 to 10 years barring them from entering…
Butterfield, Jeanne A. AILA on 245(i) Provisions.
Dinan, Stephen. Senate Democrats propose amnesty for some illegals. The Washington Times, 10
May, 2002. p. A4.
Immigration and its Policies:
One of the major recent controversial topics that have attracted huge debates in the United States is illegal immigration into America. The heated debate in the Congress involved two main political parties i.e. epublicans and Democrats prompting various immigrant supporters to hold peaceful demonstrations in the entire nation. The controversy was exacerbated by the calls for a comprehensive immigration reform approach by the president. The main reason behind the controversy in this topic is the significance of increased immigration for the spiritual and economic health of the United States. With the large number of immigrants in the United States, there is need for comprehensive reforms of the current immigration policies.
The immigration topic has become a subject of huge debate because 1 out of every 9 U.S. residents is an immigrant. In areas where the number of immigrants is growing or high, this debate has attracted…
Gabaccia, D.R. (2006, November). Today's Immigration Policy Debates: Do We Need a Little
History? Retrieved November 23, 2011, from http://www.migrationinformation.org /usfocus/display.cfm?ID=488' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Factors that lead to Growth
There are several factors that lead to economic growth. They are physical capital, human capital, natural capital and technological change. Physical capital refers to the infrastructure that a nation has, for example transportation and communication infrastructure, and manufacturing capacity. Human capital refers to the number of people, and their skill level. Natural capital reflects natural resources that can be exploited. Technological change reflects the increases in productivity and opportunity that come from innovation.
In his article, Hanson is focused on human capital and the benefits of technological innovation in particular. The two are closely linked, since nations with better human capital are more likely to be innovation leaders as well. Hanson argues that immigration reform should take into account the role that immigrants play in economic growth. The U.S. has many technology companies, and is a leader in most technology fields. That leadership depends,…
Downie, M. (2010). Immigrants as innovators boosting Canada's global competitiveness. Conference Board of Canada. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from http://www.conferenceboard.ca/e-library/abstract.aspx?did=3825
Hanson, G. (2012). Immigration and economic growth. Cato Institute. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from http://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/serials/files/cato-journal/2012/1/cj32n1-3.pdf
Immigration reform, once seeming close under President Bush after the introduction of the Comprehensive Immigration eform Act of 2007, has completely stalled since that point. That bill died in the Senate (Marre, 2007), and there has been little action on immigration reform since then, despite the support for the ideas of CIA by both Presidents Bush and Obama. There are few reasons why immigration reform has stalled. The first reason is that the economy went swirling down the porcelain. This shifted the priorities towards the end of the Bush Administration and for the first couple of years of the Obama Administration. Both presidents were forced to address economic issues, orchestrating bank bailouts and other measures to stabilize the economy. Immigration reform, while still viewed as important at the time, was simply viewed as less important. While Democrats had the clout to pass an immigration reform bill, they were concerned with…
Marre, K. (2007). 46-53 immigration bill goes down in the Senate. The Hill. Retrieved November 12, 2014 from http://thehill.com/homenews/news/12430-46-53-immigration-bill-goes-down-in-defeat
Smith, D. (2007). Senate kills Bush immigration reform bill. Reuters. Retrieved November 12, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/06/29/us-usa-immigration-idUSN2742643820070629
Foley, E. (2014). Conservatives warn that GOP must act on immigration, not just attack Obama. Huffington Post. Retrieved November 12, 2014 from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/11/10/republicans-immigration-reform_n_6128980.html
Immigration contributes to U.S. Economy
How immigration contributes to U.S. economy
30, August, 2010
The Effect of Immigrants on U.S. Employment and Productivity
The article by Peri narrates the effects of immigration over the total population of the country. He says that the statistical analysis proved that the economy expanded and became more productive after the immigration and the investment also went up. He narrates another opinion that the foreign born U.S. citizens are decreasing the job opportunities for the U.S. born citizens yet there is a consent that output actually increased. He discussed that there is no significant evidence that the jobs grew or dropped for U.S. born workers because of the immigrants. Thus, this means that U.S. workers did not lose jobs because of the immigrants rather new jobs were created for the immigrants that were great for the overall economy.
Peri stated that…
Aguilar, L.A. "The Important Role of Immigrants in Our Economy," (2013), Retrieved from:
Borjas, G.J. "Native Internal Migration and the Labor Market Impact of Immigration."
Journal of Human Resources 41(2), pp. 221 -- 258. (2006)
Immigration in America
Education is important in American society because it is a pathway by which success is achieved. The traditional theories that attempt to explain academic success can be divided into various groups, such as deficit thinking, which suggests that the reasons one succeeds or does not succeed are found within the person; other theories are based on economic conditions, social conditions, or a combination of both. Then there are also theories that look at the role of the method of education that is used and its function in academic success. These theories highlight the role that various factors play in whether one is successful or not in academics -- in short, all of them shed light on parts of the issue but individually, they all come up a bit short in explaining the whole phenomenon. Thus, it is important to take critical approaches to the idea, and to…
Higley, John. Immigration and the Financial Crisis. UK: Edward Elgar Limited, 2015.
Lee, Jennifer; Zhou, Min. The Asian-American Achievement Paradox. NY: Russell
Sage, 2015. Print.
Immigration to America
An Introduction and Claim
Over the years, the issue of immigration in America United States has raised complex demographic issues. Elements of population increase and cultural change on the native societies in the United States are evident characteristics of immigration. The social, political, and economic components of immigration cause controversies on issues of employment, settlement patterns, ethnicity, and economic benefits for non-immigrants. The government works on developing social mobility, reducing crime, and controlling voting behavior. This paper intends to outline the negative issues surrounding immigration in the U.S. The United States has fewer immigrants on per capita consideration comparable to half the OECD countries. Policies had developed before 1965 focused on establishing a working formula for limiting naturalization and immigration opportunities for persons without native claim.
The exceptional economic status of America makes it a haven for immigrants (David & Okazaki 887). However, globalization is fast…
David, Richards, and Okazaki Stephens. Activation and automaticity of colonial mentality. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40.4(2010), 850 -- 887. Print
Mossakowski, Kilchenmann. Are immigrants healthier? The case of depression among Filipino Americans. Social Psychology Quarterly, 70.3(2007), 290 -- 304. Print
Picot, George. Hou, Farou., & Coulombe, Silva. Poverty dynamics among recent immigrants to Canada. The International Migration Review, 42.2(2008), 393 -- 424. Print
Stickels, Jackie. The Victim Satisfaction Model of the Criminal Justice System, Criminology and Criminal Justice Research and Education, 2.1 (2008), 1-19. Print
Alien Nation is organized onto fifteen chapters, divided into three parts:
Part I: Truth: (2) the View from the Tenth Circle; (3) the Pincers; (4) How Did it Happen? (5) Why Did it Happen? (6) So What?
Part II: Consequences: (7) Immigration Has Consequences: Economics; (8) Immigration Has (More) Consequences: Economics II; (9) Immigration Has Consequences: Cultural, Social, Environmental...; (10) Immigration Has Consequences: Political Power; (11) Immigration Has Consequences: A Less Perfect Union; (12) Immigration Has Consequences: The War against the Nation-State; (13) Doing the ight Thing? The Morality of Immigration;
Part III: Shipwreck and Salvage: (14) What, Then, Is to Be Done? (15) Conclusion: The Bowels of Christ?
Brimelow commences his book by seeking the genesis of the immigration problem and finds that it is linked to the massacres conducted by totalitarian regimes. To better explain, the author of Alien Nation… believes that the rulers of the…
Brimelow, P., 1995, Alien Nation: Common Sense about America's Immigration Disaster, Random House
Lind, M., 1995, the Next American Nation: The New Nationalism and the Fourth American Revolution, Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group
Reilly, J.J., the Next American Nation: The New Nationalism and the Forth American Republic, http://www.johnreilly.info/tna.htm last accessed on September 1, 2009
1995, Alien Nation: Common Sense about America's Immigration Disaster, National Vanguard Magazine, Edition of November-December, No. 115
Immigration Education in California
Few issues create long-lasting controversy, the type of controversy that engages nearly every member of society regardless of their economic, ethnic, intellectual, political, religious, or social background. Examples of such issues are abortion, crime, the death penalty, racism, rape, etc. Another example of such an issue is immigration education in California. hile California has traditionally embodied the "melting pot" image that the United States so ardently embraces, the issue of immigration education in California has created (and continues to create) quite a stir.
This paper analyzes and examines the multitude of issues related to immigration education in California. Part II discusses the materials and methods utilized. In Part III, the problem of immigration education in California and the probable causes is outlined. Part IV examines the research methods employed. Lastly, this paper concludes with recommendations and potential solutions.
II. MATERIALS AND METHODS
This study was conceived…
Hayne, Sarah. "Immigration News: California Proposes Higher Education for Immigrants." 6/29/01. Retrieved at http://www.usvisanews.com/memo1345.html. On November 12, 2002.
FactBook 2002: Immigration Status of Students- Proposition 187 of 1994 and Welfare Reform Act of 1996." Retrieved at http://www.cde.ca.gov/resrc/factbook/immigstatus.htm . On November 12, 2002.
Immigration Education Issues Pathway: Immigration Policies and Laws." Retrieved at http://eric-web.tc.columbia.edu/pathways/immigrant_issues/impol.html. On November 12, 2002.
Immigration News: California Won't Keep Bilingual Education Programs." 12/30/99. Retrieved at http://www.usvisanews.com/memo825.html. On November 12, 2002.
Immigration in America
The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze Bharati Mukherjee's essay, "Two Ways to Belong in America." Specifically, it will discuss the position that immigrants who legally come to this country should become citizens of this country, because they have enjoyed all the benefits the country has to offer, and they should be loyal to the country that has given them success and a new life. Immigrants who come to this country to live and work as legal immigrants certainly are not bound to become American citizens. However, as author Mukherjee notes in her essay, many immigrants are grateful to the country that has given them so much, and so, they do not want to take it for granted, or turn their back on it. Immigrants who do not become citizens have a place in American society, but if that is their choice, then…
Mukherjee, Bharati. "Two Ways to Belong in America." Writer's Presence: A Pool of Readings, 4th Edition. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's.
Salins, Peter D. "Toward a New Immigration Policy." Commentary Jan. 1997: 45+.
Schuck, Peter H. Citizens, Strangers, and In-Betweens: Essays on Immigration and Citizenship. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998.
Susser, Siskind. "Why Become a Citizen?" VisaLaw.com. 4 Feb. 2004. 22 Nov. 2004.
The debate on the immigration should be stopped and sober legislation is needed to curb the influx. American must work together to achieve this objective as we reflect our values and aspiration which bond us as a nation. it's also necessary for the state to assist the illegal immigrants who are still under shadow to come out. This would the government tot document all the immigrants which would be benefit the country economically. Assist refugees both from within and outside to help them build themselves strong economically, socially and politically. Most importantly, the protection of our borders should be more vigilant to prevent more illegal immigrants from entering the country.
Many studies have shown that immigrants play a very important role for the economic, social and political development of the United States. Therefore the immigration issues which affect5 the country should be handled with a lot of sobriety to…
Ray Marshall, Immigration for Shared Prosperity; Economic Policy Institute http://www.epi.org /publication/book_isp' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Globally, the United States has been known as "a nation of immigrants" almost from its inception. Beginning in the 1600s with English Puritans and continuing today, America is a melting pot of culture and ethnicity. In fact, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, immigration was the major source of U.S. population growth. Looking over our 200+ years we find that to clearly be true, with approximately 1 million immigrants coming to America during the 17th and 18th century. Almost 3 million arrived during the 1860s, and another 3 million in the 1870s. In the next four decades, the number of immigrants rose to over 25 million people, most from various European nations, most arriving in New York or one of the Eastern seaports (Damon, 1981). Despite the politicization, as of 2006, the United States actually was the number one country globally to accept legal immigrants into…
Anderson, S. (2010). Immigration. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Brooks, P. (2004). Immigration. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library.
Damon, A. (1981, December). Immigration: A Look at the Record. AmericanHeritage.com.
Retrieved from: http://www.americanheritage.com/immigration/articles / magazine/ah/1981/1/1981_1_50.shtml
What need to be understood is the fact that the immigration problem today is a part of the general environment in which it is found, and that the traditional immigration law enforcement strategies are actually encouraging an increase in the immigrant population, rather than discourage it. When a citizen of the U.S.A. thinks of an illegal alien, with images provided by the media, in previous years, it was that of a hardworking laborer. However, after the September 11 debacle, more people than ever before see an illegal alien as a prospective terrorist. The official policy of the INS now called the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement or the BICE is to target the employers of illegal aliens. This is in order to understand and act upon the reason as to why the illegal aliens come to the United States, because it is a well-known fact that many…
Cullingworth, Barry J; Cullingworth, JB; Caves, Roger W. Planning in the U.S.A., policies, issues and processes. Routledge (UK). 2003.
Heer, David M. Undocumented Mexicans in the U.S.A.
Cambridge University Press. 1990.
House passes Bill to tighten Immigration Laws. USA Today. 17 December, 2005. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2005-12-15-immigration-usat_x.htm . Accessed 2 August, 2006
S. House that would make it a felony to be in the country illegally; the rally was just angry backlash by a criminal elements for increasing the penalties of this criminality, in their view (AP 2006). Whether or not illegal immigrants are assets to a society, if they are illegal then there must be punitive consequences for breaking this nations laws -- this is the argument that is becoming increasingly popular in anti-immigration circles.
More recently, controversy over immigration has been stirred up due to the passage of an Arizona law making being in the country illegally a state crime as well as a federal one, and requiring state and local law enforcement to take certain actions regarding verifying the legal status of immigrants that many people fear will lead to racial profiling. In addition, many public figures and politicians feel that the law itself is illegal, as it attempts…
AP. (2006). "Immigration issue draws thousands into streets." Associated press. Accessed 11 June 2010. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11442705/
CNN. (2006). "Thousands march for immigrant rights." Accessed 11 June 2010. http://www.cnn.com/2006/U.S./05/01/immigrant.day/index.html
Norwood, C. (2003). "Should state or local governments enforce federal immigration laws? Yes." ProCon.org: Illegal Immigration. Accessed 11 June 2010. http://immigration.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000800
Saenz, T. (2010). "Should state or local governments enforce federal immigration laws? No." ProCon.org: Illegal Immigration. Accessed 11 June 2010.
Sociology: Anti-Immigration Policies
-California Proposition 227 and Proposition 187-
The purpose of this paper is to research Anti-immigration policies in the United States and to further discuss California's Propositions 227 and 187 and in the critique of the literature to compare and contrast these policies while at the same time to interject originally and critical thinking from the perspective of underlying assumptions, potential weaknesses in the argument of methodological approach and further to analyze their potential value in really grasping an understanding in the immigration issue as to "second generation."
Early roots in anti-immigration sentiment were expressed in the two-dollar a head tax of immigrants in 1903 and in 1997 moving upward to four-dollars a head. "Anti-immigrant sentiment is a result of ignorance of the value of immigrants throughout the history of the United States," pointed our Michael Lin, National President of the Organization of Chinese-Americans (OCA)
During the year…
Griswold, Daniel T. (2002) Trade Policy Analysis no. 19, 2002 Oct 15 Key Points: "Willing Workers: Fixing the Problem of Illegal Mexican Migration to the United States" http://www.freetrade.org/pubs/pas/tpa-019es.html
Reyhner, Jon (1993) American Indian Language Policy and School Success
The Journal of Educational Issues of Language Minority Students, Volume 12, Special Issue III, Summer 1993, pp. 35-59.
It is also believed by some that there are particular parts of the country, population areas or other niches where immigration is more problematic than others. However, studies have also found this to mostly untrue. Even in particular areas of the economy, the evidence of a negative effect of immigrants on natives is limited. An overview of studies by Passel of the Urban Institute (1994) found that "The majority find no more evidence of displacement than is revealed by the aggregate data. Even studies of more highly skilled occupations, (e.g., registered nurses), find no strong evidence of displacement."
In the future, in fact, the immigrant population will be even more advantageous to the American labor market. Immigrants will fill niches at the high and low ends of the spectrum. As the U.S. population continues to age, many skilled workers and professionals will retire and leave openings for employers to…
Bean, F., E. Telles, and B. Lowell. "Undocumented migration to the United States: perceptions and evidence." Population and Development Review. 13.4: (1987), 676-90.
Brookings Institute. Immigrants meet the area's labor needs.
Issue No. 15: (September 2000), Washington,.D.C.
Center for Governmental Services at Auburn University. 2004, October.
Workplace enforcement includes the scrutiny of the I-9 form and the attached documents, in an attempt to discover identity fraud, fraudulent documents, and illegal workplace activities.
Another aspect of illegal immigration is weapons. Illegal immigrants bring guns and other weapons across the border, but there is also a growing trade in illegal firearms, obtained in the United States, traveling back into Mexico and being used in criminal activities there, especially by powerful drug cartels. The annual report states, "ICE launched Operation Armas Cruzadas in FY08 to provide a targeted law enforcement focus on arms smuggling between the United States and Mexico" (Torres, 2009). The problem has gotten so bad that the U.S. issued warnings to travelers to stay away from the country during the recent spring break season. The agency has had some success with stopping cross-border smuggling activities, but they have not had as much success as…
Cox, A.B., & Posner, E.A. (2007). The second-order structure of immigration law. Stanford Law Review, 59(4), 809+.
Dillin, J. (2006). How Eisenhower solved illegal border crossings from Mexico. Christian Science Monitor.
Green, T.C., & Ciobanu, I.M. (2006). Deputizing - and then prosecuting - America's businesses in the fight against illegal immigration. American Criminal Law Review, 43(3), 1203+.
Headley, B. (2006). Giving critical context to the deportee phenomenon. Social Justice, 33(1), 40+.
This illegal immigration essay example provides an examination of all the different parts of a paper of this type that you will need to know when writing your own. Specifically, it looks at possible topics to cover related to illegal immigration, a variety of essay titles that could help to catch the reader’s interest, a sample outline of how to structure the essay, an introduction for a paper on illegal immigration, an essay hook to keep the reader invested in the paper, a possible thesis statement, and the different elements of the subject that should be addressed: 1) a definition of illegal immigration, 2) the pros and cons of illegal immigration, 3) arguments for illegal immigration, 4) arguments against illegal immigration, and 5) illegal immigration statistics. Finally, this article provides a conclusion and a list of possible resources you could use for more information.
Build the Wall…
Padilla v. Kentucky: Implications for U.S. Immigration
This paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning the case, Padilla v. Kentucky,[footnoteef:1] discussing citizenship, and similar predicaments in other countries. It is this paper's thesis that the decision in Padilla has significant implications for defense lawyers who must now become familiar with the complexities of immigration law or retain counsel to assist them in this area. Established in Strickland v. Washington, the test for ineffective assistance of counsel is comprised of two parts: (1) defendants must first show that their counsel was constitutionally deficient and (2) show that the deficiency prejudiced the result of their case.[footnoteef:2] In addition, cases involving guilty pleas require defendants to demonstrate that in the absence of deficient counsel, they would have insisted on a trial.[footnoteef:3] Furthermore, defendants also enjoy the Due Process Clause protections that require judges and defendants to engage in a conversation concerning…
Atkins, K. (2010). Defense Counsel's Duty to Warn About . . . Everything? Lawyers Weekly USA, November 8.
Borden, Jeremy Immigrants Take Guilty Pleas without Lawyers, Face Deportation, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, A-6, (February 3, 2013).
Brief for States of Louisiana et al. 2009: 9; Padilla v. Kentucky.
Brink, Malia A Gauntlet Thrown: The Transformative Potential of Padilla V. Kentucky. 39 Fordham Urban Law 1, 39 (November 2011).
In this Immigration essay, we will offer some sample titles, topics, an outline, and structure that you can use to improve your writing. The start of any good essay is an interesting topic statement followed by a succinct and descriptive thesis statement. The Thesis statement acts as the direction from which a reader takes when examining the body and conclusion. Body paragraphs should include a background on the topic and sub topics addressing each part of the thesis statement. The conclusion is a brief recap of what was covered.
Immigration in the United States
Past and Present Immigration Patterns in the United States
Lost and Found: Immigration in the United States
Selected Title: The Birth of a Nation: Immigration
History of Immigration
Immigration Patterns in the United States
Effects of Immigration
Immigrant Welfare Policy Summary & Critique
Immigration into the United States has historically come in waves, with the current upward trend beginning in 1965 and gaining steam through the 1980s, to the point where nearly one million immigrants a year, on average, have been admitted to the United States throughout the 1990s and the current decade. any of these newer immigrant gained legal status as U.S. citizens through back or side doors, such as entering the country with a temporary visa and then applying for citizenship, or even seeking citizenship after living as an illegal immigrant for some years. Such side-door entry has had a significant impact not only on the number of immigrants made citizens each year, but also on the ability of these immigrants to adequately provide for themselves and their families without depending on federal assistance.
This has inextricably tied the issue of immigration to that of…
Martin and Midgley (2006) do not really present an argument in their paper, but rather an overview of the current immigration situation. The same is largely true of Currie's article concerning Medicaid (1997). Both of these articles detail the complexities ofteh problems this country is facing, but fail to provide any sense of appropriate direction. Martin and Midgley especially merely detail the trends that have been observed in immigration, without offering any real solutions on how to deal with the ongoing immigration explosion. In suggesting that we could be experiencing a historical immigration peak before dipping into the trough the follows, the authors reaffirm their own conclusions without providing any immediately useful value judgments. The converse, however -- that is, behaving as though this were not a peak but simply a new trend in immigration -- renders the rest of their historical argument moot.
Currie provides somewhat more useful exploration and analysis of the conclusions he draws from his hard data. Yet while clearly suggesting that Medicaid reform is necessary in regards to immigrants, if only to make the program more equitable across regional, familial, and ethnic lines, he fails to note the added costs of medical care for children and other immigrants who are either not eligible for or are not receiving Medicaid benefits. There is a brief mention in the editor's note of emergency costs outstripping preventative care, but more in depth explanations and analyses are needed to make this argument logically viable (which it certainly is).
The shorter articles that comprise this reading deal with specific areas of the immigration aid issue in similarly quantitative ways, while rarely mentioning the qualitative aspects or making recommendations. The logic used is impeccable, but the scant number of real conclusions drawn in these articles does not make this especially impressive. For instance, while Ku (2001) and Capps et al. (2005) respectively note the lower rates of heath insurance amongst immigrants and the lower success rates of immigrant children in the No Child Left Behind Act, neither provides information regarding a response to these issues other than suggesting that reform is necessary. The same is true of Ruby's (2004) article concerning the need to ensure success for children in the early years of formal schooling. Few would argue that things like health insurance and adequate education are less beneficial or necessary to immigrants than they are to U.S. citizens; the questions is who ought to -- and who is wiling to -- pay for these things. This country has always had an interesting relationship with the concept of taxation, and this issue lies at the heart of the matter.
A lot gets lost in the current debates over immigration in the United States. When we regurgitate what we hear on the news or on Facebook, we fail to think deeply or critically about the issues. This nation is a settler nation; of that there is no doubt. European settlers displaced, forcibly removed, betrayed, and in many cases killed indigenous people whose land this was for centuries before.
Those same Europeans cultivated a sense of entitlement to these lands, pushing farther and farther west until they hit yet another ocean. And they did not even stop there. They pressed onwards, eventually taking over the Polynesian kingdom of Hawaii. During the era of Manifest Destiny, Americans also encroached upon and had war with Mexico, and it would appear that many Americans have forgotten that much of our southwestern lands were once Mexican territories too. This is reality. This is history.…
American immigration policy and population patterns have changed in response to labor demands and economic forces, as well as shifts in American identity and social norms. Global forces have also shaped immigration patterns over the past hundred years. Anti-immigration sentiments have also strongly influenced immigration policies, with the most notable examples from a century ago being the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the Nativist movement of the 1920s (Young 1). Similar Nativist sentiments bubbled to the surface during the Trump administration, clouding constructive discourse on the role and status of immigrants in the United States, and the fundamental functions of immigration policy.
Although the United States was always a settler nation, immigration trends changed in the early 20th century. Immigrants from Southern Europe and Eastern Europe started to pour in before the First World War, pushed by economic uncertainties and outright poverty and pulled by the promise of readymade…
Rather than violating the rights of medical practitioners, is it not a better idea simply to break the trusts that make health care so unaffordable? I agree there should be real reform -- but we should not be satisfied with phony reform.
Rand Paul's policy on health care puts the issue in a singular light. First, he draws distinction between real health care reform and phony reform. Real reform, he states would emphasize free market economics and would allow consumers to buy health insurance from providers from a wider spectrum rather than from the artificially manipulate market that we see today. As Paul says, state and federal laws place restrictions and exactly who can buy what from where -- and this is the real heart of the problem because it allows health insurance companies to charge higher and higher premiums and places greater and greater restrictions and demands on medical…
Tenant, Michael. "Rand Paul. Right to Healthcare is 'Slavery'." The New American.
2011. Web. 3 Apr 2012.
Paul, Rand. "Can Healthcare Reform Affect the Economy?" Rand Paul U.S. Senate.
2009. Web. 3 Apr 2012.
Moreover, multiculturalism is alive and well in Canada today; to wit, foreign-born Canadian citizens are "over-represented in the fields of mathematics and physical science, the health professions, sciences and technologies," Thompson concludes, as well as in the fields of engineering and applied sciences.
Boyd, Monica. 1976. Immigration Policies and Trends: A Comparison of Canada and the United States. Demography 13 (1): 83-104.
Canadian Council for Refugees. 2001. A hundred years of immigration to Canada 1900-1999:
chronology focusing on refugees and discrimination. Retrieved March 20, 2007 at http://www.web.net/~ccr/history.html.
CIC Canada. 2001. The Role of Transportation in Canadian Immigration 1900-2000. Retrieved March 20, 2007 at http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/department/transport/chap-3b.html.
Patrias, Carmela. 2000. The Making of the Mosaic: A History of Canadian Immigration Policy
By Ninette Kelley; Michael Trebilcock. The American Historical Review 105 (2): 532-533.
The Canadian Encyclopedia. 2003. Immigration. Retrieved march 20, 2007 at http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com.
Thompson, John Herd; & einfeld, Morton. 1995.…
Boyd, Monica. 1976. Immigration Policies and Trends: A Comparison of Canada and the United States. Demography 13 (1): 83-104.
Canadian Council for Refugees. 2001. A hundred years of immigration to Canada 1900-1999:
chronology focusing on refugees and discrimination. Retrieved March 20, 2007 at http://www.web.net/~ccr/history.html .
CIC Canada. 2001. The Role of Transportation in Canadian Immigration 1900-2000. Retrieved March 20, 2007 at http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/department/transport/chap-3b.html .
Second, the fact that medical costs are billed to health insurance companies is responsible for an industry-wide culture of financial irresponsibility where little concern is given to avoiding unnecessary or duplicated costs of healthcare services (Kennedy, 2006; eid, 2009). Unfortunately, political opposition to healthcare reform throughout 2009 made it impossible for the Obama administration to achieve this essential goal but it is likely that the current system cannot be sustained without bankrupting the nation.
One of the main reasons that there is so much political opposition to meaningful healthcare reform in the U.S. is precisely because current laws permit excessive influence by special interest groups in Washington (Kennedy, 2006; eid, 2009). Specifically, the private for-profit health insurance industry alone accounts for as many as 5 industry lobbyists per elected government legislator in Washington. By pledging financial support to political campaigns in return for opposition to any legislative reforms that could…
Kennedy E. (2006). America: Back on Track. Viking: New York.
Reid T. (2009). The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care. New York: Penguin Group.
Many peoples' lives, destinies, and hopes for the future, and not only American ones, depend and will depend in the future on this taking place sooner rather than later, and now more than ever before in America's history.
Illegal Immigration." ikipedia. 4 May 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_immigration.html>.
Espenshade, Thomas J. "Unauthorized Immigration to the United States" Annual
Review of Sociology. 21 (1995). 195-200.
Flores, illiam V. "New Citizens, New Rights: Undocumented Immigrants and Latino Cultural Citizenship" Latin American Perspectives. 2003. 30(2). 87-
http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=b2579269c3c901ad0ae85bd42dd2920d" Love Unites Them, La Migra Separates Them." El observador, 30 Nov. 2006. http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id= b2579269c3c901ad0ae85bd42dd2920d.html>.
Morgan, Edmund S. The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John inthrop. New York: Longman 2nd Edition, November 20, 1998.
Snyder, Tanya. http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/opinion/oped/bal-op.elsalvador11jan11,0,460257.story?coll=bal-oped-headlinesTo Slow Immigration from El Salvador, Understand its Causes."
Baltimore Sun, 11 Jan. 2007. http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/opinion oped/bal-op.elsalvador11jan11,0,460257.story?coll=bal-oped-headlines.
Young Migrants Risk All to Reach U.S." ashington Post. 28 Aug 2006.
Illegal Immigration." Wikipedia. 4 May 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_immigration.html >.
Espenshade, Thomas J. "Unauthorized Immigration to the United States" Annual
Review of Sociology. 21 (1995). 195-200.
Flores, William V. "New Citizens, New Rights: Undocumented Immigrants and Latino Cultural Citizenship" Latin American Perspectives. 2003. 30(2). 87-