How to Prevent AIDS in the Gay Community Term Paper

  • Length: 10 pages
  • Subject: Disease
  • Type: Term Paper
  • Paper: #9440599

Excerpt from Term Paper :

prevent AIDS in the Gay community

In all culture sex among men is present. The receptive companion is at the risk of carrying a HIV transmission if involved in anal sex and when unshielded. In some parts of the world the HIV transmission is mainly because of the sex among men, while in some other areas other ways of transmission is also possible. But almost everywhere sex amongst men is the major and regular cause for this spate. It should not be overlooked. These sex-actions are done only by option. The occurrence of sex between male-to-male is frequent in the establishments in which male are forced to spend longer periods in full male company like the military, prisons and men-only educational organizations. Antagonism and misunderstandings about sex among men have lead to insufficient protection procedures in many countries.

Defective and lack of epidemiological facts is the barrier for HIV deterrence work. Men are unaware of the hazards that men-to-men sex cause or think that the threat is not for them, in countries where HIV awareness stresses the heterosexual transmission. Hence they do not safeguard themselves. AIDS program for Gay is deficient in many countries. The already available plans are also unsuitable. Instructive data that is appropriate for people in a similar gay bar is unambiguous and are counter productive for people who do not self-identify them as gay and who do not have sex with men. Even though there are many achievements in the safety campaign, in some industrially organized countries gays have been found to have an unsafe sex without the proper protection in the recent years, but very rarely. The reasons for these are: apathy in information, short of innovative outreach works, reduced financial support for the prevention work and deterrence among HIV affected men who get antiretroviral cure for this prolonged threat to their associate or to themselves about secure or unshielded sex. (Rokicki, A22)

In the United States within the past 10 years, the HIV / AIDS outbreak has seen a stunning close connection with the inner city even though it started principally in the midst of small group of homosexual men. Gay men remain to be mainly affected cluster with regards to AIDS even though AIDS is found to have a strong presence among drug injectors, women, children and people of colors. Due to their sexuality, they were thrown out of their homes and hence are homeless. They enter into prostitution and drugs, which are long and never-ending affair. The mature gays and lesbians are frightened to help the affected people as they are younger and because if the homophobic concept that we all expect young people to propagate our society. These people are in high danger and are vanishing spirits. We are stopped from doing what is needed by heterosexism and homophobia (Lloyd, 54).

Health Canada Statistics shows that HIV infection is on the increase within gay men for the first time since the early 1980's. The yearly HIV contamination among gays have increased from 1240 in 1996 to 1610 in 1999 as per the Bureau of HIV / AIDS, STD and TB Update Series. In Canada, as of December 2000, gay men have accounted for 78% of AIDS and 72% of HIV test results amongst adult males. Throughout the world, almost two-thirds of all confirmed cases of HIV transmission have been between heterosexuals. On the other hand, in Australia 85% of HIV transmissions have been due to the insecure anal sex between men. During the last fifteen years, this influence of gay men and gay population has increased a lot. Adolescent gay men have increased their preference towards safe sex and this feeling has stimulated an exciting swell in the number of HIV infections. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention conducted a survey in six U.S. cities in 2001 including Miami. This was done two decades after the world's first report on AIDS outbreak came out. It found out a sobering re-appearance of HIV infection between young gay and bisexual men mainly the blacks in the age group of 23-29. (Diaz, 6) The fairly high rate of new infections amidst blacks and Hispanics in the U.S. is due to the low levels of education, high levels of compound sexual partnering, high rates of homosexuality/bisexuality and the high rates of infusing drugs.

In the late 1990's in South Florida, the adolescent gays were not shocked to know that every one in 25 were found infected with HIV every year. The investigations began to be sincere as these were infection rates in the mid-1980's before the AIDS prevention techniques. The number of homosexual and bisexual men in the United States detected with AIDS virus have increased for the third year lifting anxiety about the renewal of the epidemic according to the latest studies. As per the initial facts given by Center for Disease Control and Prevention from 25 states, the new cases of HIV infection amongst men who have relation with men have increased to 7.1% in 2001-2002. The new infection rates of gay men in the age group of 23-29 in United States have gone up to 4.4% per year within a few years. The new infection was at a range of 2 to 2.5% per year in 1977. The epidemiologists voiced their concern that if the numbers remained constant then in the next 10 years approximately 25% of the gay men would be infected with HIV. Almost half of that age group could be infected with HIV as per the new figures, which would about in the next five years or ten years. Almost 70% of new HIV cases are found among men as per the CDC. Men who have sex with men account for 42% of HIV cases, which is the highest-risk group. Second highest-risk groups, which account for 33% of new HIV cases, are the men and women infected by heterosexual relations. The Intravenous drug users represent the third groups, which account for 25% of the new cases. For the consecutive three years, last year there was an increase in the homosexual and bisexual men. 6561 new cases were reported from this group. There were 7723 new cases, an increase of 17.77% in 2002. (Altman, A7).

Contentment over HIV and AIDS has been routine. American felt that AIDS was African outbreak and that the disease was kept under control here, Of late, HIV infections have moved steadily among gay men in large cities because of the self-satisfaction it gives. The outlook of the younger generation has changed a lot, though there is an anxiety among the people about the rising figures. Adolescent people have taken too lightly the influence this disease would have on them. Health educators say that a lack of feeling has spread through the younger generation who were students at the breakout of this disease two decades ago, and thus the health crisis fore warning and the reports of AIDS have turned out a deaf ear on them. (Garrett, A16) The health educators find this approach to be demanding and they try to overcome it by giving these young gays behavioral workshops on safe sex and by distributing condoms at nightclubs and gyms (Diaz, 6).

The 14th International AIDS Conference in 2002 reported that the greater part of young gays and bisexual men in the United States having AIDS virus were ignorant of their disease. Amazingly high minority gay men in the age group of 15 to 29 are found to be ignorant of their disease. 60% of Whites, 70% of Hispanics and 90% of Blacks from those who are found to have HIV, the AIDS virus do not know that they are affected. According to Duncan MacKellar, an epidemiologist, the study conducted by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta showed that these infected men thought that they were at a reduced risk of getting infected even though they are involved in repeated and risky anal intercourse without protection. Though the outcome of HIV tests were offered to men, many did not ask for or come to know that they were affected. About half of 900,000 Americans infected with this disease were neither analyzed nor given treatment was one of the reasons for the sustained spread of HIV. Without knowing, many transfer the virus to their sex partners. Among the different categories of men representing the new HIV infections, gay men tops the list with 43%, followed by 27% of people with heterosexual relation and 23% by intravenous drug users. In the United States, black women infected with HIV through heterosexual relation accounted for nearly half from 1994 to 2000 and black men accounted for an additional 25% to make a total of 75%, a highly unequal share of infections. Almost two-thirds of gay men said they used condoms when they had relation with one partner or more than one partner. Health officials were worried about the rising development of this sexually transferred diseases and the threat in California, Florida and…

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