In other words, the power and the wealth could easily fall in the hand of the few privileged ones, and their rights would be better served, than those of the marginalized, powerless and poor population (Paribatra, 1999).
6. Conclusions and Recommendations
The section on the analysis of the issues at hand commenced stating that the purpose of the briefing paper was a simple one: identifying the positive or negative nature of the effects generated by globalization upon human rights. The above lines however revealed that it is quite difficult to make such a decision. Surely, some are declared advocates of the positive or negative impacts, but a critical eye must recognize both types of consequences. In all, it is quite difficult to state for sure that globalization has positively or negatively impacted human rights, namely because it has had generated both types of effects. "To argue whether globalization as a process is good or bad is as irrelevant as arguing whether the transition from an agrarian to an industrial society in the western world from the eighteenth to the twentieth century was good or bad. Many social changes occurred: some economies were strengthened, some were weakened. Some states rose, some fell. Some social classes and categories benefited, others sank into oblivion" (Howard-Hassmann, 2005). David Forsythe is yet another academician agreeing with the dual effects of globalization upon human rights. He says that "human rights in modern international relations represent both the best of times and the worst of times" (Forsythe, 2006). The briefing paper presents conflicting standpoints and does not take one side or the other, with the ultimate purpose of allowing the readers to look at the matter with a critical eye and form an unbiased opinion.
The matter of the effects globalization has upon the human rights is a highly complex one, which can be analyzed from different perspectives. A primary recommendation then would incline towards an alignment of the criteria considered in the studies, so that the results are conclusive. Then, in terms of the actual problem discussed, the state authorities should take an increased interest in the matters as the favorable mixture of globalization and human rights is only possible with the aid and support of committed governments. Then, it is also recommendable that the authorities regulate the international field of human rights, mostly when some of them are poorly enforced, and some of them are outdated. A third recommendation comes from the need to empower and improve the judicial system. This is currently weak in some regions of the globe, still manifesting high levels of corruption. The proper implementation and development of human right laws is not possible without the existence and support of a strong judicial system. An increased awareness amongst individuals is also a key to reducing violations of human rights; this then reveals the necessity to implement educational programs that teach the population of the rights and also stimulate them to take action whenever they notice violations. The educational campaign should begin in schools and should also be made available to the public through several media campaigns. In this instance then, it becomes obvious that the media has to be more responsible in treating cases of human rights. The final recommendation is for all the measures to be taken to be integrated within the society in the meaning that they must clearly address the stringent matters and they must attract the interest of the entire population (Paribatra, 1999).
Beck, U., Sznaider, N., Winter, R., 2004, Global America? (Studies in Social and Political Thought Series): The Cultural Consequences of Globalization, Volume 8, Liverpool University Press
Brysk, a., 2002, Globalization and Human Rights, University of California Press
Brysk, a., Shafir, G., 2004, People Out of Place: Globalization, Human Rights and the Citizenship Gap, Routledge
Coicaud, J.M., Doyle, M.W., Gardner, a.M., 2003, the Globalization of Human Rights, United Nations University Press
Crossette, B., 2000, Making Room for the Poor in a Global Economy, New York Times, Edition of April 16
Dunne, T., Wheeler, N.J., 2002, Human Rights in Global Politics, Cambridge University Press
Evans, T., 1998, Human Rights Fifty Years on: A Reappraisal, Manchester University Press
Forsythe, D.P., 2006, Human Rights in International Relations, 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press
Gandois, H., 2006, Democracy as Human Rights: Freedom and Equality in the Age of Globalization, Ethics and International Affairs, Volume 20
Goodhart, M., 2005, Democracy as Human Rights: Freedom and Equality in the Age of Globalization, Routledge
Howard-Hassmann, R.E., 2005, the Second Great Transformation: Human Rights Leapfrogging in the Era of Globalization, Human Rights Quarterly, Number 27 per 2005
Lerner, D., 1958, the Passing of Traditional Society: Modernizing the Middle East, Free Press
Li, Q., Reuveny, R., 2000, Does Economic Globalization Hinder or Promote Democracy?, Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, Los Angeles, held between the 14th and 18th of March
Paribatra, S., 1999, Promotion and Protection of Human…