Importance of Patient Education Deciding When and Improving Post Bariatric Surgery Outcomes Only the Literature Review chapter

  • Length: 12 pages
  • Subject: Healthcare
  • Type: Only the Literature Review chapter
  • Paper: #97537274

Excerpt from Only the Literature Review chapter :

Post Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Importance of Patient Education: Deciding When and Improving Post Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Obesity is one of the national and international problems affecting growth and development of the economies because of its influence on the health conditions of society members. Obesity and overweight contribute significantly to number of death cases in the context of the United States and across the global under the influence of globalization. There are various mechanisms towards reduction of the case of obesity and overweight thus the need to improve health conditions of the American citizens. Some of the treatment methods include transformation of behavior, diet, exercise, and drug therapy. The most recent treatment method is application of bariatric surgery. This is the most effective and efficient treatment method in relation to obesity and overweight. Weight-loss or bariatric surgery is not a cure for obesity. It is an essential tool facilitating weight-loss to live healthier, and fulfillment of potential in life. The success of bariatric surgery relates to the ability to follow the diet guidelines, exercise, and changes in lifestyle effectively and efficiently. There is need for follow-up care in the terms of patient education to maximize quality living thus limiting the aspects of obesity.

Various literatures have focused on the examination of the influence or importance of patient education in relation to the concept of bariatric surgery. Various factors and aspects have been under critical examination with the aim of enhancing the living conditions of the patients following their involvement in the bariatric surgery.

Concept of Bariatric Surgery

Obesity is one of the most challenges facing the global through implications on the morbidity levels. In the context of the United States, obesity and overweight cases have doubled over the last three decades. This indicates that there is need for the society to adopt and implement valuable concept or tool towards minimization of obesity in the modern context. This will enhance health conditions of the members of the society through realization of healthy living. Various research studies note the increase in the case of obesity in the United States and across the globe. This is an expression of the need to fight a common problem from the society.

According to Emma Morrow et al., (2011), obesity is gaining ground and claiming numerous lives in the context of the United States and across the globe. Torpy (2005), there are prevalence cases of obesity and overweight in the context of the United States and across the globe. In her study, Torpy (2005) focused on the examination of the meaning of various concepts towards the aspect of obesity and various modes of its elimination or minimization. One of the most effective approaches towards minimization of obesity is the application of bariatric surgery. Torpy (2005), bariatric surgery is the form of operation or surgery focusing on the weight loss for severe cases of obesity with the aim of enhancing the living conditions of society members. Severe case of obesity relates to weight in excess of 100 pounds by the obese society members.

Torpy (2005) is a vital aspect of research towards critical understanding of obesity and various ways of its elimination of minimization. According to various research studies, body mass index is one of the best process or standard ways towards interpretation of obesity, morbid obesity, and overweight cases in the context of the United States and across the globe. Other aspects towards minimization of obesity across the globe include exercises, dietary recommendations, management programs, and medications. These methods are not as effective as the case of bariatric surgery towards reduction of the rate of obesity among the society members.

Effective Methods for Post Surgical Review of Bariatric Surgery Patients

Various mechanisms are available at the disposal of health care systems in relation to implementation of quality follow-up for the development and growth of obesity patients following their bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is not the ultimate cure for the obesity patients thus the need to ensure that patients adhere to the set diet and exercise guidelines. This is an indication that the main goal is to offer post bariatric surgery education and follow-up to the obesity patients to enhance their living conditions. Researchers have focused on the evaluation of the most effective approaches to achieve this goal. One of the essential researchers involved in the examination of the most effective approach towards the achievement of the above goal include Emma Morrow et al., (2011). These researchers focused on the examination of the influence of videoconferencing as a feasible aspect of multidisciplinary follow-up for the post-bariatric surgery patients.

In order to achieve this goal, Emma Morrow et al., (2011) focused on the utilization of ten patients as participants. The patients were invited to attend the video-link session thus exploitation of videoconferencing technology to enable clinicians to interact with patients in the remote locations through audio and visual means. Among the invited patients, seven participated in the research exercise under the review of clinical psychologist, specialist dietitian, and consultant surgeon. Patients and clinicians were also required to complete post-session evaluation questionnaire. They also offered their views in relation to the experience during this encounter. According to the findings of this research by Emma Morrow et al., (2011), the video-link session was acceptable and vital for the patients and clinicians because of the essence of user-friendly in relation to implementation of technology. From this research, video-link technology might offer valuable and accessible means for provision of multidisciplinary input to the bariatric patients. Despite this exercise, the number of participants were minimal thus inability to offer quality progress in the issues. This indicates the need to execute further research on the scope.

Another essence of the implementation of this technology is though integration of the video-link interaction method to enhance decision-making by the bariatric surgery patients. This relates to implementation of the video-link as a form of technological aid for the patients willing to participate in the surgery for the minimization of morbid obesity. In the expression of this concept, Arterburn et al., (2011) noted that in order to make valuable decision with reference to treatment options towards minimization of morbid obesity, it is ideal to execute an effective and efficient evaluation of benefits and risks of the available options. The main objective of these researchers was to examine the effectiveness and efficiency of the video-based bariatric decision aid-intervention results in the development of quality decision as compared to educational booklet.

In order to achieve their objective, the researchers sought to integrate 152 randomized controlled participants within the context of the single health plan. Another focus of the experiment or study was the examination of the various decisions by patients in relation to quality under the influence of measures of values, knowledge, and treatment preference for the period of three months. According to the findings of this study, implementation of technological aid in the form of video-aids was responsible for quality decisions. This is an indication that this technology is vital towards elimination of various levels of uncertainties with reference to the treatment in the course of the three months. This also indicates that integration of the video-based aid is more influential in comparison to the educational booklet in relation to the enhancement of the knowledge, outcome expectations, and conflict of decisions (Arterburn et al., 2011). This researcher still offers room for critical analysis of the role of technology in the improvement of decision-making by patients with reference to existence of various forms of treatment to morbid obesity.

Another critical work under this scope is the research by Doug Wignall (2008). Doug sought to illustrate the influence of 'Design' as an effective tool in relation to bariatric patient care. In the development to this research, the researcher noted variation in the height and weight of the current members of the United States society and the previous generation. The researcher bases his argument on the data presented by the National Center for Health Statistics for Disease Control and Prevention. According to Doug (2008), 'design' is "a critical tool in the care of and the improved long-term clinical outcomes for bariatric patients." The researcher sought to include three critical stages to the aspect of design: training/standardized care protocols, appropriate facilities/space, and proper equipment and furnishings. These factors have the ability to enhance quality healthcare to all patients thus inclusion of the bariatric patients following their obesity surgery.

Some researchers have also sought the inclusion of dietary aspects as one of the most effective program towards enhancement of living conditions of the obesity patients following their Bariatric Surgery. Silvia Leite et al., (2011) are some of the researchers who have proposed the inclusion of this methodology towards the achievement of the common goals and objective. This research integrates an extensive literature review with the aim of integrating recommendations, protein/nutritional status, weight loss, composition of blood, satiety, and influence of protein-rich diets in the improvement of the living conditions. According to Silvia et al., (2011), recommendation on dietary is an essential element in the minimization…

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