Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
The internal split amongst major union movements, however, has not helped. Both major groups have essentially the same goals, but clearly differ on the best ways to achieve those goals. Critics contend, however, that the movement needs solidarity in the face of declining relevance. The split, despite the ideological differences, also had a personal component to it, and this weakness at the top levels of union leadership inhibits their ability to enact change.
Another issue for the future of the union movement is that of globalization. In response to the globalization of economies, the notion of globalizing labor has gained currency. Traditionally, labor movements have been national, due to strong differences in national legislative environments. The only two nations with any serious degree of cross-border union integration were the U.S. And Canada. Recently, the United Steel Workers joined forces with the United Kingdom's largest union, Unite, to former a union spanning for major industrialized nations. This marks a significant shift in strategy for the union movement, which has historically addressed all issues on a local or national level.
One source of strength for the union movement of late has been the service sector. While the manufacturing sector has been a traditional source of strength for the movement, the service sector is now moving into a position of prominence. This sector represents opportunity as a source of growth for two key reasons. First, wage and benefit levels are generally low, and the workforce less educated. These are two traditional antecedents to labor organization. The decline in real wages that has occurred since the early 70s affects service sector workers more than any other group so whereas non-unionized manufacturing workers tend to make comfortable livings, non-unionized service sector workers tend to be near or below the poverty line.
The second reason is that the service sector has a higher percentage of minority employment than other sectors. In recent years, minorities have shown to be more apt to joining unions than have whites, and they receive more benefit from organization. Unionized blacks, for example, earn $8,000 more per year on average than their non-union counterparts. For Hispanics, this figure is $11,650. The traditional workplace inequities that drove the union movement during its heyday still exist in many sectors, and in places where those sectors are strong, for example the Los Angeles area, the union movement has been able to maintain its relevance.
The union movement has entered a new era. It has faced a steady erosion in both membership and relevance over the past several decades, owing to several key factors. The movement saw a major split in 2005 that has heralded a new era, in much the same way that the original AFL/CIO split in 1935 represented several key shifts in the movement.
Though unionism faces several challenges, including a hostile legislative environment, there remain reasons for optimism. There are still many pockets of the American workforce for whom unionism has relevance, key among them being the service sector, and jobs with a high percentage of minorities or new immigrants. While the movement repositions itself and re-evaluates its strategies over the coming years, it may yet return to prominence.
Parks, James. (2008). Trumka: Don't Let Opponents Divide Us by Race in 2008 Elections. AFL-CIO. Retrieved July 4, 2008 at http://blog.aflcio.org/2008/07/03/trumka-dont-let-opponents-divide-us-by-race-in-2008-election
Sewell, Dan. (2007). Labor Unions Fight for Relevance as U.S. Industry Restructures. USA Today. Retrieved July 4, 2008 at http://www.usatoday.com/money/workplace/2007-03-24-unions_N.htm
No author. (2006). Generation Y: The Millenials. Bureau of Labor & Statistics. Retrieved at http://www.nasrecruitment.com/talenttips/NASinsights/GenerationY.pdf
No author. (2008). Why You Need a Union. AFL-CIO. Retrieved July 4, 2008 at http://www.aflcio.org/joinaunion/why/
Wachter, Michael. (2007). The Rise and Decline of Unions. Washington Post. Retrieved July 4, 2008 at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/17/AR2007071701713.html
Milkman, Ruth. (2005). Exploring the Struggle for Social Justice. UCLA. Retrieved July 4, 2008 at http://www.college.ucla.edu/news/08/ruth-milkman.html
Union vs. Non-union wage figures for minorities from CTWF, retrieved July 4, 2008 at http://www.changetowin.org/why-organize/the-union-advantage.html
Wachter, Michael. (2007). The Rise and Decline of Unions. Washington Post
Change to Win. (2008).
Milkman, Ruth. (2005). Exploring the Struggle for Social Justice. UCLA.[continue]
"Labor Unions The Union Movement" (2008, July 04) Retrieved October 27, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/labor-unions-the-union-movement-29066
"Labor Unions The Union Movement" 04 July 2008. Web.27 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/labor-unions-the-union-movement-29066>
"Labor Unions The Union Movement", 04 July 2008, Accessed.27 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/labor-unions-the-union-movement-29066
Collective bargaining can be separated into three distinct parts: the obligation to meet and discuss; the obligation to bargain in good faith; and the obligation to cover certain subjects. The company is not required to have the same opinion to any exacting contract provision, no matter how sensible or fair it seems to the union. On the other hand, declining to meet at practical times; declining to talk about
Labor unions are associations of workers for the purpose of improving the economic status and working conditions of the employees through collective bargaining with employers (Union pp). The two general types of unions are the horizontal, or craft, union, which is composed of members who are skilled in a particular craft, such as the International Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, and the vertical, or industrial, union, which includes
Unions have been dropping members at an incredible rate. The trouble can't be resolved by individual unions dealing with great, monopolistic, international companies. Unions must stick together and work in the political ring to elect government officials who understand that the nation is here for the citizens, and not for business (the Decline of Unions -- Why, 2007). In 2000 the Union Network Federation (UNI) was fashioned with the purpose
Labor Relations What changes are needed for unions to maintain support from their membership, the community, and the employers? In order to maintain support from their membership, the community, and the employers, unions have decided to change the dynamics of organizing by changing the environment and conditions where organizing occurs. They have become conversant with the idea that when the employers decide to use the entire 'arsenal' at their disposal, it becomes
Labor and Union Studies in Washington and Oregon States The United States labor movement has its roots in the complex trappings of the industrial revolution. Laborers were just starting to come to the United States from foreign countries because they had learned that there were many jobs available for even the most unskilled worker. People were also moving from rural areas in America to the cities in an attempt ti have
To intimidate striking workers or escort strike breakers, workers who would replace the individuals striking, across picket lines some employers contracted private companies like the Pinkerton Detective Agency. The United States Department of Labor reports that the Coal Strike of 1902 proved to be a turning point in U.S. policy. On October 3, 1902, to address the strike in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields that he perceived to threaten a
But when it just recently occurred in 2004 at a store in Jonquiere, British Columbia, the reader must appreciate that a real battle had been won. The original efforts of that particular store for example had the local labor Commission reject certification by a margin of 74 to 65. When the union announced that it won the coveted certification at Quebec, it was quite a blow to the retailer.