Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Gandhi incited the people to protest peacefully rather than resort to violence. He believed that this form of rebellion suited the case of the blacks in America. After his doctorate studies at Boston University and his marriage to Coretta Scott, he became minister of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. In Montgomery, blacks and whites were segregated and made to attend different schools and sit in separate sections in buses. There were times blacks were forced to stand even if there were vacant seats in the white section. When Rosa Parks refused to give in to this discrimination on December 1, 1955 and was arrested by the police, a revolt developed among blacks E.D. Nixon bailed Rosa out and initiated a boycott of the buses. The media circulated the boycott. Black leaders urged for courteous treatment and for seating on a first-come, first-served basis. They also demanded for black drivers to drive the buses. The boycott lasted for a year until the Supreme Court ruled bus segregation as unlawful in December 1956. Black students staged "sit-ins" in lunch counters to protest being refused food service in eating places. In 1957, Martin Luther King Jr. helped establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and was its first president. He was the symbol and key figure of the Civil Rights Movement (the Seattle Times, 2010). He led the Montgomery Improvement Association and its successful Montgomery bus boycott for a year. His lectures and speeches, marches and movements awakened the conscience of the people. These led to significant changes in American social life. His exemplary courage and selfless devotion provided strong direction to civil rights activities for 13 years. His charismatic style of leadership awed people everywhere (the Seattle Times).
His transition from each level of need can be gleaned from his evolution to a man of magnanimity. He introduced his leadership principles as vision, effective communication, willingness to learn, willingness to lead, and conflict resolution (Brunicardi et al., 2007). He developed these principles inwardly before infusing others with them as a leader (Brunicardi et al.). These experiences illustrate the concept of motivation in him, which drove him to do what he did and to urge others to follow.
The Concept of Motivation
It was first perceived by Greek philosophers as hedonism, whereby human nature innately seeks pleasure and avoids pain (Boswell, 2010). It was studied by English utilitarian thinkers, including Thomas More in his famous book, "Utopia." Behavior chooses from mentally listed possible courses of actions for the best choices to bring satisfactory results. Other thinkers who considered the concept included John Locke, Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud in the 1900s, Ivan Pavlov in 1906, and social psychologist William McDougall in 1908. Walter B. Cannon contributed the theory of homeostatis during World War I as the physical driving force behind motives. John Watson and B.F. Skinner contributed behavioral psychology in the 30s. Skinner believed that positive and negative reinforcements drove human behavior one way or other. One end of the concept leads to altruism and the other, to egoism. Altruism feels an obligation to increase the pleasure of others. It is composed of a desire to give, empathy and the lack of personal motivation for a return. Humanistic psychology was developed and Maslow introduced his theory of self-actualization. Major examples of popular self-actualized figures are Martin Luther King Jr. And Gandhi (Boswell).
Research showed that the more convinced a person is in performing a certain action, the greater the likelihood of his following it through (Boswell, 2010). Increased pressure also impels him to the pursuit. Both factors motivated Martin Luther King Jr. towards his goal. Current theories and common wisdom attribute a combination of nature and nurture as behind human motivation -- Martin Luther King Jr.'s, in particular (Boswell). #
Boeree, G.C. (2006). Personality theories: introduction. University of Arkansas.
Retrieved on November 25, 2010 from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboeree/persintro.html
Boswell, H. (2010). Motivation to giving and serving. Center for Philanthropy: Indiana
University. Retrieved on November 25, 2010 from http://learningtogive.org/papers/paper33.html
Brown, M., compiler (2010). Martin Luther King, Jr.: a biographical sketch. LSU
Library: Louisiana State University. Retrieved on November 25, 2010 from http://lib.lsu.edu/num/mlk/srs218.htm
Brunicardi, F.C. et al. (2007). The leadership principles of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
and their relevance to surgery. Vol 99 # 1, Journal of the National Medical
Association: National Medical Association. Retrieved on November 25, 2010 from http://www.nmanet.org/images/uploads/Publications/Edit7.pdf
Garden of Praise (2010). Martin Luther King, Jr. Garden of Praise. Retrieved on November 25, 2010 from http://gardenofpraise.com/lbdking.htm
Kaaschau, R.A. (1980). Personality theories. Psychology Exploring Behavior: Prentice
Hall. Retrieved on November 25, 2010 from http://dakota.fmpdata.net/PsychAI/PrintFiles/PersTheory
Seattle Times (2010). The life of Martin Luther King, Jr. The Seattle Times Company.
Retrieved on November 25, 2010 from http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/special/mlk/king/biography.html
Simons, J.A. et al. (1987). Maslow's hierarchy of needs. New York: West Publishing
Company. Retrieved on November…[continue]
"Martin Luther King A Dreamer" (2010, November 26) Retrieved October 22, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/martin-luther-king-a-dreamer-6415
"Martin Luther King A Dreamer" 26 November 2010. Web.22 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/martin-luther-king-a-dreamer-6415>
"Martin Luther King A Dreamer", 26 November 2010, Accessed.22 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/martin-luther-king-a-dreamer-6415
Civil Rights Coming of Age in Mississippi is Anne Moody's memoir of the civil rights movement in the United States. It therefore serves a different purpose as primary source historiography, rather than analytical secondary source historiography such as that written by David Garrow and Harvard. Moody grew up on a plantation, in conditions that are simply extensions of slavery. Her first hand awareness of what racism is, and what it does
American Studies - Anthology American Studies -- Anthology: Freedom vs. Tyranny America's history includes a number of competing forces. One of the chief struggles has been the clash between Freedom and Tyranny. As Why Freedom Matters shows, our national consciousness is dominated with the idea that our forefathers risked everything so that all people in America can have freedom. However, Public Speaking shows that the dominant or "luckiest" group in America consists
Spartacus An Analysis of Stanley Kubrick's 1960 Spartacus Gerald Mast (2006) notes that "as with Renoir, Kubrick's social evils are human evils; the problem is human nature," (p. 542) and such can easily be applied to Kubrick's 1960 Spartacus -- despite the fact that the film cannot really be said to be his. Spartacus is more Kirk Douglas' vehicle than anything. Bought by Douglas, the story was meant to be his answer
Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's is a prime example of a movement containing both utopian and practical elements. To the outside observer, the passive resistance of the Montgomery Bus Boycotts and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s rousing "I Have a Dream Speech," seems hopeful and utopian. In contrast, the gritty determination of Malcolm X and the Black Muslims, who sought equal rights, but not integration, seems the more practical
247). Further, Jones began preaching about "revolutionary suicide" which was a kind of "collective suicide" as an "outcome of being attacked by forces" against Jonestown. These facts that are generally supported by other sources can easily lead an alert reader to assume that Jones started with an idealistic spiritual movement and gradually he apparently became obsessed with power - and paranoid that some group would try to wipe him out
S. such as providing affordable healthcare for all, paid for by raising taxes on the wealthy; making a sincere effort for energy independence, and generating more jobs while investing in renewable energy and conservation (Borosage and Heuvel). America, after decades of its love relationship with Conservatism, topped by eight years of the disastrous Bush presidency that has left the country on the brink of financial collapse and almost universal dislike, was