Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
In both cases, contributing variables such as country of origin, the existence or non-existence of family ties, gender and an immigrant's experience of the immigration process are omitted from the equation. This sector aimed to satisfy this gap by testing the combined effects of acculturation, kin, civic ties, and institutional context on immigrant's distrust of U.S. government, by testing for both acculturation factors (i.e. second-hand experience) and institutional factors (i.e. immediate experience of immigrant).
Three hypothesize were stated. Firstly, that the quantity of kin ties in the USD will influence trust towards the government; the greater the quantity of relations living in the U.S., the more trust experienced. Secondly, that high numbers of civic ties will increase trust in the government, and that the reverse will be true if the majority of one's civic ties reside in Mexico. Thirdly, that negative immediate experience (i.e. institution context) will impel low levels of trust whilst positive institutional contexts impel high levels of trust towards the U.S. government. Support was indicated for the first and third hypotheses, whilst only partial support was discovered for the second hypotheses. Whilst results showed that high levels of civic ties do increase trust, results were not contingent on civic ties in Mexico. English language use may be a proxy for civic ties and naturalization status may serve as proxy for institutional contexts in the United States.
Contributions of Study
Contributions of this study consist of various factors. In terms of the language acquisition factor, whilst original studies and the push/pull theory itself only considered the impact of children on parents in general, this study differentiated between fathers and mothers and showed that children's acculturation impact on mothers had a more significant effect than it had on fathers. Women were also more positively affected by having an American spouse. The fact that families play a powerful role in women's lives has been supported by other aspects of sociological research, and suggests, in this manner, a possible strategy in encouraging and facilitating language acquisition.
Similarly, the contribution to existent social research of distance of family ties and their impact on depression lies in this study's discovery that family ties are not always net-neutral in their effect on a person's mental health. In other words, the level of the relationship may have a differential impact on state of immigrant's well being as well as the factor of the relation's physical closeness to the immigrant. Earlier studies on the subject -- although acknowledging the importance of family ties on the immigrant's mental welfare -- overlooked these variables. In some contexts, as this study demonstrates, distance and gender of the relations involved may actually determine the existence of and intensity of depression. This is, particularly, so in the case of the female immigrant who may carry a dual role burden of caring and feel this imposition more acutely than her spouse (or than a male) may.
Finally, contributions of this study's experiment on variables of civic and kindred connection and their association to levels of government trust included practical benefits to social scientists interested in augmenting the trust of immigrants towards their new country. These include indications of the importance of studying immigrants as individuals who possess a spectrum of connections and are on a transition with relationship spanning Mexico and the U.S. It is these relationships and connections -- both in their former and present country - that contribute to changing levels of political trust on the part of the immigrant. In a practical manner, creating more opportunities for Mexican immigrants to become more civically involved in American affairs whilst retaining their connections with Mexican organizations and projects will enhance their political trust.
Limitations of Study
Limitations of all three studies include the fact the studied sample represents legal immigrants only and, therefore, omit the larger number of undocumented Hispanic immigrants to the U.S. that may have skewed the data in an alternate direction due to confounding factors such as their ignoring some questions, answering some inquiries in an alternate manner; different comprehensions of questions; and, simply, a different pattern of family network and responsibility in their lives.
In the case of language, several biases come into play when we measure correlation between language skills and situation. One of these is the omitted variable bias where, since so many other conditions are involved (such as the individual's particular abilities and personality), it is hard to tease out the different defects. Another, reverse causality, is the fact that observation indicating that it is literate immigrants who possess the better-paying jobs may in fact be contributory to the fact that it is the jobs that enabled the immigrants to acquire the language. Thirdly, measurement error proclaims that it is difficult to measure English language skills and lack of such ability would bias estimated effect.
The statistical methods used are limited, too, in that they omit qualitative and additional data that would have a necessary impact on findings. They do not include, for instance, information about whether kin living outside the U.S. are dependent on immigrants for financial support or whether they can support themselves, nor do they mention whether immigrant feels constrained to retain connection with kin external to U.S.. The ties could be inactive, whereas the ties within the U.S. may, in reality, prove far more of an imposition that relations, living in a foreign country. Variables such as these are not addressed by the tie measures and, therefore, only approximate, rather than definite, conclusions can be reached.
Finally, correlation of kindred configuration on depression may be a factor of reverse causality, where it is person's mental health, for instance, that compels him to retain contact with distant kin. The same is true with language where it may be the impact of the spouse on language acquisition that might encourage acculturation instead of the reverse being the case as is thought. Similarly, too, the same aspect holds with the possibility that it may be political ties that may be responsible for creating accelerated acculturation rather than the reverse being the case. Longitudinal data is needed to verify these assumptions.
In short, more work remains to be done in these areas, but this paper serves as catapult to raising some concerns and revealing prominent gaps that have been overlooked by previous research on the topic.
Each component of the acculturation process of Hispanic-Americans - language acquisition, the potential for the development of depression, and the factors contributing to the development of political trust -- inform the other. This dissertation aimed to present a comprehensive study of acculturation in the institution context of Mexico and the U.S. accounting for cross-disciplinary factors that includes distance, gender, age, family, and civic ties as influencing the three components of acculturation.
It is only when a comprehensive thorough investigation of the study and all its variables is conducted that solutions to successful immigration of Hispanic individuals to the United States can finally be achieved.[continue]
"Successful Acculturation Of Hispanic-Americans To" (2011, January 28) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/successful-acculturation-of-hispanic-americans-5194
"Successful Acculturation Of Hispanic-Americans To" 28 January 2011. Web.9 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/successful-acculturation-of-hispanic-americans-5194>
"Successful Acculturation Of Hispanic-Americans To", 28 January 2011, Accessed.9 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/successful-acculturation-of-hispanic-americans-5194
Hispanic Immigrants & Social Networks Successful immigration of Hispanic persons to the U.S. involves much more than a shift in geographical location. For the purposes of this dissertation, 'successful immigration' denotes the successful establishment of an independent existence is the U.S., to include ease of motion within a familial, social, and political context, as facilitated by language acquisition and the development of trust in the democratic government. I consider this form
Many of those who came here in the first wave after the revolution believed they would be returning home, perhaps within a few months, but as the years have passed the Cuban population has become more socially and economically integrated into the U.S. culture in Florida even while maintaining ties with Cuba and while trying to keep alive the hope that Castro could be overthrown and democracy restored in
.. hungry, cold.... The big problem is poverty. I spend 50% of my time taking care of them other than teaching, and this includes downtime because of behaviors such as fistfights, tantrums, aggression. (Harry, Klingner & Hart, 2005, Research and design section ¶ 8) Hispanic Males//Females Educational Pursuits Although Hispanic females frequently outperform Hispanic males, cultural values that limit the range of school choices and career paths, frequently restrict the females to
Hispanic High School Students To look at the problem of high school education and Hispanic students, we need to identify who we are talking about, because different writers use different terms. Some writers mean people of Mexican heritage when they say "Latinos." The United States also has many residents of Puerto Rican or Cuban heritage, and many others come from other central or South-American countries. The United States Census indicates that
Hispanic-American Population Assessment POCKETS OF MISERY The Hispanic-Americans of Santa Ana, California are the population to be assessed. National Demographics The total U.S. population is 312 million, according to the latest U.S. Census Bureau report. Almost 50 million of these are Hispanic-Americans. Nationwide, 10% of them are in fair or poor health (NCHS, 2011). The death rate for this population is 297.8 per 100,000 people. Their leading causes of death are heart disease, cancer,
REDUCING RISKY BEHAVIOR FOR African-American TEENS An Intervention for Reducing Risky Behavior Among African-American Female Adolescents: Provider Cultural Competency Training The Office of Minority Health in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2013) quotes Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. As a way to introduce the topic of updating and enhancing the National CLAS (Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services) Standards. The quote is "Of all forms of inequality, injustice in health
Figure 1. Demographic composition of the United States (2003 estimate). Source: Based on tabular data in World Factbook, 2007 (no separate listing is maintained for Hispanics). From a strictly percentage perspective, it would seem that Asian-Americans do not represent much of a threat at all to mainstream American society, but these mere numbers do not tell the whole story of course. For one thing, Asian-Americans are one of the most diverse and