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She not only became a model for young people into what sporting is about, but also took a stance and a leadership role in issues that she believed in.
Over the years, tennis has been the main promoter of women in sports as team sports have not been up to the pace with single sports. Although the number of women participating in Olympics has grown substantially in the last 20 years and public becomes more and more interested in women's sports, the level of media consumption is still very low, as pointed before. Team sports, especially soccer and basketball have not raised to the performance that was predicted by feminist movements in the 1990s at a global level. The popularity of women team sports in sports like basketball and soccer has had an asymmetric growth in the last 20 years. Although dominated at the beginning by the U.S., Norway and China, new forces have appeared like Germany, Brazil, Japan, England and France, to mention just a few. Unfortunately unlike sports like handball or volleyball, soccer is still struggling with significant financial problems and also audience attraction.
Significant progress is nonetheless seen especially in Europe and also in Asia in what regards women handball, with large media coverage and interest on the topic, in some countries, higher than in man handball. Also volley is one of the team sports where women professional teams have done significantly well compared to other team sports.
Unfortunately, when comparing the developed countries' index on sport performance with the large number of underdeveloped countries, striking differences appear in women that do sports, either professionally or as an amateur.
Apart from all of the above, significant progress has been made in achieving equal treatment for women and men in sports, yet much remains to be done. It seems easier for women emancipation in sports to continue with individual sports like athletics or tennis, where the four grand slams offer the same amount of prize money to man and women, valuing their performance and entertainment qualities in the same manner. Crucial developments are still needed in low developed countries where sport can become one of the main tools in the fight for basic human rights and freedom of expression, as sports leaders can offer a role model and draw the attention of the world of home affairs.
The overall contribution of sports to gender equality is obvious and will continue to have a profound impact on the way women are seen not only by men, but also by the female population on the whole. Besides the proven health and brain development, it is imperative that more and more young people, be them boys or girls, practice sports in their primary school as this has a high impact on how children develop into adults. Team work, vision, leadership, courage or hope are characteristics that are best understood and embraced while taking sport classes or being enrolled in a semi-professional sports association. The adults of tomorrow, be them in the U.S., Africa, Asia or Europe, need to start focusing on physical exercise as modern life pushes the human body to extreme pressures that only a prepared person will be able to handle on the long run -- be it physical endurance but most of all the power to understand the various things that life has in common with sports: patience, will and hard work.
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Messner, M. And Cooky, C. (2010) Gender in Televised Sports. Center for Feminist Research, University of Southern California. Available at http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/home/research/articles-and-reports/media-issues/women-play-sports-but-not-on-tv
Scanlon, T. (2004) Games for Girls, Archaeological Institute of America, available at http://www.archaeology.org/online/features/olympics/girls.html
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Women's Sports Women's participation in college sports has increased significantly since Title IX was passed in 1972, but research fails to show that female athletes get the status, respect and approval that athletic participation brings to males (Royce, Gebelt and Duff, 2001). The 1972 legislation, one of 13 amendments to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, launched revolution in the way that federally funded schools treat women in athletic programs. It simply states
This increased presence of women in professional sports management positions is considered significant by Watt and this author suggests these trends will very likely continue; however, there are some skeptics who argue that the increase presence of women in sports management positions has been a token efforts by the top managers and in actuality only involves a limited number of sport and physical activity areas, such as aerobics; however, there
Turkey, clearly has a proud and longstanding history with sports and sports enthusiasm. Sports, as a cultural access point in fact is written into the Turkish constitution, as an aspect of cultural and personal growth goals for the entire nation. Turkey is one of the rare countries in the world which has an article related to sports in her Constitution. Article 59 of the Constitution says, "The State takes measures
Unlike my mom, I grew up surrounded by sports on the media. Whereas my mom in Jamaica watched some soccer and the occasional American sporting event such as the World Series of baseball or the Super Bowl, my mother was not as inundated with media images of star athletes as I was. My perception of sports and in particular of women in sports changed in relation to media portrayals of
Sports Management The subject of sports is today not a method only for individuals to get enjoyment from it, but sports has become an important method for individuals also to maintain fitness and thus contribute to his being able to perform as per requirements of his main financial earnings source. At the same time, this has given rise to a group of individuals who are the leaders in the management of
But despite these strides, the negative as well as the positive legacy of sports in American culture cannot be ignored. References About Title IX. (2010). University of Iowa. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html Douglas, Scott. (2005). Running through Kenya. Slate.com. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/ Gettleman, Elizabeth. (2006, July). Review of William C. Rhoden's Forty Million Dollar Slaves. Mother Jones. Retrieved September 20, 2010 at http://motherjones.com/media/2006/07/forty-million-dollar-slaves Johnson, Jenna. (2010). NCAA graduation rates. The
This is especially true if, as has been suggested (Staudohar 2005), that despite stricter testing procedures, professional athletes still use anabolic steroids and human growth hormone in large numbers that greatly exceed those acknowledged or caught by their respective league governing bodies. By process of elimination, it would appear that the primary impetus for anti- steroid regulations in professional sports is public perception, and that favorable public relations and maintenance