Absalom Essays

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Nurture vs Nature -- How Essay

Words: 1759 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77896558

Strike has ethics, as shown in his behavior towards his 'boss' Roscoe, and his mentoring of the younger, more vulnerable young men. In a different social situation, Strike would likely have put his moral impulses to different and better use. Strike obeys the moral logic of his urban society with the same kind of adherence that an upstanding citizen might, who had been afforded ways to make a decent living in a law-abiding way. But Strike grew up in a neighborhood where the most noble and respectable persons were all drug dealers, and the person one could aspire to be like, at the highest level, was a criminal. Thus, although he does not wish to kill, and seeks an escape from the limits of his existence, because he has no role models around him (and unconsciously provides a bad example to younger members of his neighborhood) Strike becomes a dealer, or a clocker.

These books do not present utterly helpless visions of the human character. All of the protagonists have basic impulses that make them more than pawns -- to become educated, to gain social esteem in the eyes of their peers, and to make something of their lives. But society limits the reach of their aspirations, and the way that others perceive them, as Black, low class, or as destined for nothing but a life of crime, essentially become self-fulfilling prophesies.

Works… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Ellison, Ralph. (1995) Invisible Man. New York: Vintage.

Faulkner, William. (1991) Absalom, Absalom. New York: Vintage Reissue.
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John Dryden Was One of the Most Essay

Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44226437

John Dryden was one of the most important literary figures in the 17th century because he excelled in fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. Dryden was a master of many literary techniques, most particularly the extended metaphor. His poem "Absalom and Achitophel" is a political satire which deals with the then-current political situation in England in a most sly and intelligent way. The piece is an historical allegory wherein the author uses historical events to explore the deeper meaning behind more recent events that have shaped is own society. The rebellion of Absalom against King David is used to parallel the various plots to take over the throne of England through the Exclusion Crisis, the Popish Plot, and the Monmouth Rebellion. Dryden uses the relative safety of the allegory to make a scathing remark about the politics of his country and to subtly recommend ways in which the country could be strengthened through certain changes.

The story of Absalom would of course been very well-known to the people of 17th and 18th century England, Christianity being the national religion and a large part of everyday life for most persons of the period. David's heir Absalom, unwilling to wait until David's death to become the King decides to lead a revolution against him. Achitophel, who had been one of the king's most trusted advisors, chooses to work against him in the ensuing warfare, becoming the worst kind of traitor. At the end of the story, both the traitors have been killed, hinting that to whoever might read the poem that if they would dare defy the king in the modern day would, they would likely also find themselves dead. Dryden uses this well-known story to compare the perpetrators of the plots against England's royal family to the villains in King David's tale. At the time that Dryden was writing, England was going through a tumultuous period wherein the various people in King Charles II's life were colluding to take over the throne at his passing. In order to prevent the Catholic King James from ascending to the throne, Charles' lead advisor Shaftesbury begged Charles to legitimize his bastard son Monmouth. However, it was found that had this failed Shaftesbury and Monmouth were prepared to take the throne by force and violence, leading to the arrest of both…… [Read More]

References:
Dryden, J. (1889). "Absalom and Achitophel." Macmillan: Oxford, UK. 83-115.
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Presentation of Reason in the Work of Dryden and Swift Essay

Words: 1005 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72488738

Reason in the faith and satire of Dryden and Swift

The neoclassical age in which both John Dryden and Jonathan Swift penned their most noteworthy prose is often also called 'The Age of Reason.' However, although this valorization of reason and rationality may be a fair characterization of much of the Age of human Enlightenment, Dryden and Swift do not deploy nor valorize reason in the same fashion. For Dryden, reason is the key to humanity's connection with the divine and political freedom. In Swift's social and religious satires, however, human confidence in its rationality is just as absurd as overconfidence in human religious political and social institutions to create just and fair societies.

Dryden's religious poem "Religio Laici" begins with a definition of reason as the most perfect mode of the ultimate human understanding of the divine. Dryden writes, "as the borrow'd beams of moon and stars./To lonely, weary, wand'ring travellers,/Is reason to the soul. As can be seen from cohesive, taunt prose at the beginning of this work poetry, Dryden used a didactic style, a straightforward and linear teaching mode of discourse to create a hymn to human being's ability to construct ration methods of accessing the divine and the ability of the human mind to create rationalist constructs of writing. For "so reason's glimmering ray/Was lent not to assure our doubtful way,/But guide us upward to a better day." Reason may not be comforting, but it is effective, writes Dryden, and ultimately the onye way to understand God.

Dryden wrote the above poem to coherently and openly defend Protestantism, a creed he regarded as best allowing the human mind unfettered, individual exercise, in contrast to Catholicism. Dryden did occasionaly deploy less obvious fashions of writing than didactic argument, such as "Absalom and Achitophel," a religious and political mode of allegory. But even though this religious allegory had contemporary political resonance for the author, its method of construction, narratively speaking, is still relatively straightforward. Its beginning with a defamation of "priest-craft" suggests that the author conflated superstition, obedience to priestly and hierarchical authority of the Catholic Church, all with a refusal…… [Read More]

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David and Solomon King David Essay

Words: 1708 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76852072

In addition, heavy taxation and hard work in the military led to bitterness among the people, as did the special privileges he granted to Judah in favor of the northern tribes. For this, the kingship was taken away from Solomon's descendants and given to Jeroboam son of Nebat. God's words to Solomon regarding this issue appear in 1 Kings 11: 13:... "I will not tear away the whole kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of my servant David, and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen." For the same reason, Solomon was spared this event during his lifetime. Solomon died after 40 years as ruler of Israel and was buried in the City of David, like his father. As prophesied, Solomon's empire was lost and divided after his death. Both kings reigned with wisdom, but also with a fair amount of human foolishness. Perhaps it is this very element that makes them prominent in history even today.… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Holy Bible. The New King James Version. New York: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1983

Schoenberg, Shira. "David." Jewish Virtual Library, 2007.  http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/David.html 
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King David History Symbolism and Essay

Words: 3289 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27887016

" Further, as previously stated, in the Jewish tradition, it is believed that the Messiah (whom Christians believe is Jesus), must be a descendent of David's line.

The New Testament in fact introduces Jesus as the son of David and of Abraham (Mt. 1:1). Further, in the Gospel of Luke, he describes how Mary, the mother of Jesus, was descended from King David through one of his sons, Nathan. This leads contemporary Christians to believe that Jesus is the prophesied messiah, as well as the rightful king of Israel.

It is interesting that Jesus, despite the fact of David's obviously sinful nature, follows him in matters of conduct. Indeed, the reader notes that Christ used the actions of the pre-descent David as justification for his own (Luke 6:1-5) concerning the eating of wheat from the fields on the Sabbath. (McCall, 1999). However, even more interesting than David's use as a kind of Biblical "precedent setter" is his most pivotal role with regard to Christianity and the New Testament -- and that is David as prophet (Corbett, 2003).

According to Christians, David was not merely regulated to the role of ruler, or even as a symbol of the people and land of Israel. According to his Catholic Encyclopedia article, John Corbett writes, " 'The spirit of the Lord hath spoken by me and his word by my tongue' (II Kings, xxiii, 2) is a direct statement of prophetic inspiration in the poem there recorded. (2003). Thus, David is clearly set up as an authority on which the divinity and messianic nature of Jesus will be established. Indeed, the reader of the New Testament can note how this same theme, once begun in the Old Testament, is duly picked up in the second. Consider, for example, that in Acts ii, verse 30, Saint Peter relates that David was clearly a prophet, "...Therefore being a prophet, and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Aish. Aish.com. Staff. "Jewish History." Web site. 1995. Retrieved on July 8, 2005  http://www.aish.com/literacy/jewishhistory/Crash_Course_in_Jewish_History_Part_19_-_King_Solomon.asp 

Alter, R. "The David Story." Chicago, Norton. 1999.
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Circumcision Ethical Religious Medical and Essay

Words: 2622 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89120708



Donald then concluded that when a child is found suffering from genital irritation, it was best to have circumcision performed on him "during the first year of life, so that to a degree at least danger of future moral contamination may be avoided."

The obvious and well-documented benefits of circumcision led to a sudden increase in its popularity and by 1889, it was getting circumcised was in fashion. Circumcision gained even greater support when it was presented not as a cure but also as a prophylactic. Since the benefits were well-known and circumcision was widely advocated, people decided that it was better to get their children circumcised as soon as it was possible. Thus, instead of waiting for diseases to develop or other signs of discomfort to emerge, it was thought best to have circumcision done before it was too late and thus neonatal circumcision became popular. By 1910 and in the early decades of the 20th century, it was noted that "the uncircumcised male, particularly one born in an urban area, indeed, is becoming a rarity in our society."

ANTI-CIRCUMCISION Research

Circumcision is a popular practice and many still have faith in its medical benefits. But opponents of this practice are now growing more vocal maintaining that the procedure doesn't really merit as much attention or credit as a cure for some genital diseases or other medical problems. While even today, 60% of all boys are circumcised in the United States but the rate is slowing dropping with more studies discrediting old claims about various benefits of circumcision. Among Muslims and Jews, the practice is still common with Muslims treating it as a religious obligation and do not in any case accept researches opposing circumcision. In Britain however, rate of circumcision is very low, falling around 5 to 6%.

Anti-circumcision movement gained momentum with various studies publicizing its alleged demerits. American Academy of Pediatrics played a key role in changing people's attitude towards circumcision when in 1971 and again in 1975, it claimed that "there is no absolute medical indication for routine circumcision of the newborn," and maintained that proper hygienic practices could offer the same advantages. But the Academy…… [Read More]

References:
Task Force on Circumcision (1999)

John Firman & Ann Gila, The Primal Wound: A Transpersonal View of Trauma, Addiction, and Growth (1997

Thomas Metcalf, et al., Circumcision: A Study of Current Practices, 22 Clinical Pediatrics 575, 576 (1983)
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Universally Accepted as One of the World's Essay

Words: 2036 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13997941

Universally accepted as one of the world's foremost epics, John Milton's Paradise Lost traces the history of the world from a Christian perspective. (Milton, 1667) The narrative of the poem largely deals with falling and how desires -- God, Satan, Jesus, Adam and Eve's -- lead to it. The book is about mankind's fall -- Original Sin -- Adam and Eve's disobedience of God. There are other instances of falling in the plot too. First, Satan's fall from God's graces, as related to Adam and Eve by the angel Raphael, represents the past in the Universe's creation. The second instance -- the present (in the narrative) -- is the Adam and Eve's eating of the Forbidden Fruit. The third instance represents the future. Michael, as he readies to escort Adam and Eve out of Paradise, presents to them the various falls of man until Jesus comes to rescue by dying so that man may regain eternal life.

This essay deals primarily with how Milton uses the word "hands" as metaphors or metonymies (parts for the whole) to represent Adam and Eve's physicality and emotions. Hands represent physical work, light heartedness, joy, seduction, deceit, despair, equivocation, supplication and companionship. Milton also uses "hands" effectively to represent the deep chasm between good and evil. The Son of God who intercedes on behalf of the first couple; and, is destined to die so that the Paradise lost may once again be regained is on the right hand of God. Satan, on the other hand, is on the left. Satan is condemned to "grovel and eat dirt" like the serpent he purported to be.

After having created the Universe and having topped it with the making of Man and his mate, God sends the angel Raphael to warn Adam and Eve of their impending seduction. Raphael warns them that the love that they feel for each other be recognized as unimpeachable and pure and not a satiating of carnal desires. Left alone, the couple has the run of the Garden of Eden. They tend the garden with their hands. Milton ascribes to the couple the joys of toil. Adam and Eve discover a small part of God's creative strengths when he created Man in his own image.

The hands' dispatch of two gardening so wide, (IX-202)

And Eve first to her husband thus began.

Adam, well may we labour still to…… [Read More]