Comparative Essays

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comparative essays

A comparative essay is an essay in which you compare two or more items.  A strictly comparative essay will ask you to highlight the similarities between these two or more items, while a compare-and-contrast essay will highlight the essential similarities and differences between those items.  Comparative essays often focus on ideas rather than items, and may ask you to compare approaches, theories, or positions about an issue.  Some common comparative essays are to compare pro-life/pro-choice stances on abortion or anti-death penalty and pro-death penalty positions.  At the end of a comparative essay, you may be asked to draw a conclusion based on the evidence you have presented, however you need to treat all of the items or ideas evenhandedly throughout your essay or you will transform your comparative essay into an argumentative essay.  

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Comparing E-Learning and Camus Learning Essay

Words: 1637 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18832470

Education

A Comparison of Online Learning and Campus-Based Learning

The development and growth of online learning has created opportunities for both students and academic institutions alike. The online learning environment may be argued as offering many benefits such increasing accessibility to education and support of diversity as well as providing a potentially lucrative revenue streams for the institutions. These benefits have driven the growth, but the benefits are not without drawbacks, with online courses reporting a higher attrition. The aim of the paper is to look at online learning, discussing the advantages and the disadvantages of the online environment comparing it to campus-based learning and the blending environment.

An online course has been defined as one where there is a minimum of 80% of the content is delivered through the online environment (Allen & Seaman, 2014). Online delivery may include a range of different mediums, including, but not necessarily limited to live or recorded video streaming, podcasts, online discussion groups, text-based lectures and online text-based content. The key to the definition is the availability of the content which is usually available through an Internet connection. A ground-based or face-to-face instruction model more traditional where the majority, if not all, the teaching is delivered in a classroom setting. This is defined as a course where 29% or less of the content delivered online (Allen & Seaman, 2014). Courses were between 30% and 79% of the course is delivered online are a hybrid of the traditional and online learning environment, and are defined as a blended or alternative course model (Allen & Seaman, 2014).

The online learning environment may be seen as growing at a phenomenal rate, it was estimated that in 2013 there were only 7.1 million students taking one or more courses online in United States (Allen & Seaman, 2014). When it is considered that statistics indicate there are 14.4 million undergraduate students in the United States, and 2 million graduate students (Statistics Brain, 2014), this appears to represent a significant proportion of the student population. It is a testament to the growth of online learning that establishment such as University Phoenix and the American Online University have grown and establish themselves…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Allen IE; Seaman J, (2014), Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States, The Sloan Consortium

Bauman, P, (2002), Student Retention: What You Can Control, & How, Distance Education Report, 6(16), 41
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Comparison of Religious Ethics Throughout Denominations of Religious Doctrines Essay

Words: 6730 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81184486

Religious Ethics in Comparison

Though the three religions reviewed and critiqued in this paper -- Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam -- have very different histories and quite original approaches to ethics, there are also a number of startling similarities when comparing them. One can easily find the differences, and this paper does indeed point to the differences. And yet, when it comes to the philosophical ingredients that go into each of the three and the values that each present as important, there emerges a tapestry of goodness and ethical beliefs as well.

Buddhist Ethics -- Background Information

It should be understood at the outset of any discussion of Buddhism that there are many approaches to practicing Buddhism. Philosophy Professor Michael G. Barnhart points out that there are "deep similarities" between various approaches to Buddhism -- for example Buddhists universally share a "reverence for the personal history of the Buddha" -- but there are obvious contrasts as well (Barnhart, 2012, 18). The "Hau-yen" Buddhist tradition focuses on issues apart from what the Buddha said or did, Barnhart explains. In fact the Hau-yen believers -- using the texts of their "Pali canon" -- take the position that at the time of his death Buddha "urged his followers to figure things out for themselves" and not to rely solely on his words and deeds (Barnhart, 18).

That said, on the other hand nearly all who follow Buddhism in any context believe in the Four Noble Truths, and nearly all Buddhist traditions focus on "…existential suffering" even though a clear understanding of what suffering is not the same in every approach to Buddhism (Barnhart, 18). Suffering ("dukkha") is distinguished from pain in the early Buddhist texts, but newer approaches to Buddhism (like "Engaged Buddhism") view both suffering and pain in the same way, Barnhart continues (18).

More to the point of this research, Barnhart points out that very few scholars have made arguments that Buddhism expects followers and believers to be obligated or duty-bound in any way. Unlike Catholicism, for example, which places a number of obligations on practitioners, Buddhism does not list duties that believers must adhere to or follow unfailingly (Barnhart, 19). When it comes to…… [Read More]

References:
Ariyabuddhiphongs, V. "Money Consciousness and the Tendency to Violate the Five

Precepts Among Thai Buddhists." The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 17.1 (2007): 37-45.
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Compare and Contrast Psychological Impact of Katrina and Lusitania Essay

Words: 2352 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88239008

psychological impact of Katrina & Lusitania

Hurricane Katrina which took place in the year 2005 is said to be one of the worst storm disaster that took place in the history of the United States. It led to loss of many lives, and it was unavoidable. The winds both from Louisiana to Alabama caused the level of water to arise at about 80% of the New Orleans and neighborhoods. The tragedy left many people with worries asking how the tragedy like that could happen to threaten the lives of many Americans (Brinkley, 2006).

The sinking of Lusitania on the other hand, contributed to various impacts on America as well as, the World War One. However, the Americans were never interested in joining the war unless they had finished another two years. The Lusitania sinking also enraged many Americans as well as, hastening the people from United States' entrance into the World War one. The disaster happened in few minutes as compared to Hurricane Katrina which took about two hours and forty minutes. This paper will analyze the Lusitania disaster and Hurricane Katrina as well as, giving the similarities and dissimilarities of the disasters. The paper also summarizes the psychology of the disaster concepts that is applied to the disasters.

Hurricane Katrina disaster did not only affect the human physically, but the disaster contributed to social and psychological impacts in the city, the storm on the other hand, had the most notable effect in the economy of the state and market dynamics. Its longest-lasting impact was its damage on environment; there were spillage of industrial wastes and raw sewages that ran into the New Orleans and its neighborhoods (Levitt & Whitaker, 2009).

Public Response to Lusitania sinking and Hurricane Katrina

The Lusitania sinking took place on May 7, 1915 when the Lusitania was swift moving from New York to Liverpool in England. The boat had a total of 1,959 people on board…… [Read More]

Sources:
Brinkley, D. (2006). The great deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast. New York: Morrow.

Guterman, P. (2005). Psychological preparedness for disaster. Retrieved October 10, 2012 from  http://www.academia.edu/233646/Psychological_preparedness_for_disaster 
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Comparing Nurse Practice Acts Essay

Words: 1444 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52660010

Nursing

The Nevada Nurse Practice Act is similar to the Indiana State Board of Nursing in that the two documents cover definitions of terms (such as Board of nurses, advanced practitioner, and accredited school). In addition to defining terms clearly to remove ambiguity in their application, the two documents also outline provisions for nurse practitioners and registered nurses.

The Indiana State Board of Nursing oversees nurse licensing, including issues related to education. Moreover, the State Board of Nursing in Indiana outlines the role of continuing education in the nursing profession. The Indiana State Board of Nursing's Licensure and Administrative Rules include an administrative code for both registered and licensed practical nurses. Ancillary practices and areas of specialization are also included, such as nurse-midwives.

Number of members in the Indiana State Board of Nursing is something that is covered in the document related to licensure and administration. In IC 25-23-1-2, the document refers to the Indiana State Board of Nursing membership selection procedures. The State Board of Nursing consists of nine (9) members, who are appointed by the governor. Each of these nine members serves a term of four (4) years (subject to death, resignation, or removal by the governor). Six of the nine nurses on the board are required to be registered nurses "who are committed to advancing and safeguarding the nursing profession as a whole," (IC 25-23-1-2). In addition to this provision, the Indiana State Board of Nursing requires that two of the nine members be licensed practical nurses, while one member of the board must have no professional affiliation with nursing at all and represents the interests and concerns of the general public. Vacancies in the Indiana State Board of Nursing are filled by the governor to serve out the rest of the term. No one is permitted to serve more than six consecutive years, but reappointments after three years have elapsed between service is permissible.

Likewise, the number of members in the Nevada Board of Nursing is covered in the Nevada Nurse Practice Act. In Nevada as in Indiana, the governor appoints the members of the board. However, in Nevada there are only seven members of the State Board of Nursing (compared with nine in Indiana). In Indiana, six of the nine members f the board must be…… [Read More]

References:
REferences

Indiana State Board of Nursing (2005). Licensure Statutes and Administrative Rules

Nevada Nurse Practice Act.
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Compare Discipline and Management Essay

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97974018

DISCPLINE vs. Management

Compare Discipline and Management

Discipline in the classroom is often equated with punishment, although punishment is only one of the tools of discipline that can be used by a teacher. One common definition of discipline is "teaching others right from wrong" with "methods to prevent or respond to behavior problems so they do not occur" (Behavior management, Sage Publications, 5). Discipline's "most typical current meaning seems to be most associated with the notion of bringing children into line" (Allen 2010). In my own personal classroom vocabulary, I think of discipline as informing students of expected consequences, both good and bad, such as if a student turns in all of his homework on time he gets a sticker at the end of the week but if he does not he has to do an extra assignment. In other words, discipline is a way of dealing with problems and reducing the risk problems are likely to occur or reoccur with different reinforcement mechanisms such as behavior management.

In contrast, "classroom management has two distinct purposes" as "it seeks to establish and sustain an orderly environment so students can engage in meaningful academic learning, it also aims to enhance student social and moral growth" (Kratochwill 2014: 1). Classroom management means creating a positive environment which promotes learning. Even if no problems are occurring at the moment that does not necessarily mean that the environment is optimal. Good classroom management may include instating disciplinary procedures (and likely does) but is not limited to discipline. For example, one proactive classroom management strategy is to give students a short assignment as soon as they walk through the door to focus their energies (Teachers share advice on classroom management, 2014, Education Week).

Discipline is thus one part…… [Read More]

Resources:
Allen, K.P. (2010). Classroom management, bullying, and teacher practices. The Professional

Educator, 34(1), 1-15.
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Compare Healthcare Grade of Maryland to Florida Essay

Words: 758 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94661525

Healthcare Data Compare Healthcare Grade of Maryland to Florida

Healthcare grades: The Commonwealth Fund

The Commonwealth Fund grades all states on access to healthcare, avoidable hospital use and costs, healthy lives, and prevention and treatment. For example, Pennsylvania ranks 12 on access: nearly

percent of nonelderly adult patients are insured and 92% of children. Florida has around 74% and Maryland around 83% of adults insured and 82 and 91% of children, approximately. In Pennsylvania, 86% of at-risk adults have had a checkup within two years versus 87 and 88% in Florida and Maryland respectively; 90% of patients in PA have not had to forego seeing a physician within the last two years because of cost versus 84% in Florida and 89% in Maryland (approximately). The low rates of insurance coverage in Florida reflect higher unemployment and poverty rates, combined with a higher percentage of workers who labor part-time and do not receive employer-provided insurance, the predominant method of coverage in the U.S. Greater concerns about costs of going to a physician in Florida reflect how a lack of insurance can act as a deterrent to going to the doctor.

In terms of prevention and care, interestingly enough, Maryland had the highest rates of adults over 50 (49%) who received recommended preventative screening, versus Pennsylvania's 43% and Florida's 40%, and these statistics were also true of adult diabetics (although no data was available for 2009 for Maryland). In terms of children who received vaccinations in 2009, Maryland's rate was not available but the extant data suggested almost half of children received all of the suggested vaccinations, versus 47 (PA) and 45 (FL) in 2009 (earlier vaccination rates were even lower for these states). Children who received preventative medical and dental visits were 78% (PA) and 75% (MD), but only 64% in Florida. Florida's much lower rates of childhood care could be explained by the fact that…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Reference

State scorecard. (2011). Maps and Data. Retrieved September 26, 2011 at  http://www.commonwealthfund.org/Maps-and-Data/State-Data-Center/State-Scorecard.aspx 

All figures are rounded up or down, based upon the available data
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Comparing Richter and Gardiner in Bach's Cantata Recordings Essay

Words: 1606 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98701370

Bach's Cantina Recordings

Comparison of Bach Cantata Recordings: Richter and Gardiner

Just a few generations ago, Bach's Cantatas had seemed to silence; but "since that time, in the intervening four decades, there has been an explosion of interest in this neglected music, borne out by numerous recording projects" (Lehman & White 508). Although the Cantatas were written generations ago, their music is still relevant in today's cultural environment. Bach's brilliance is allowed to shine on, and has become flexible in the various interpretations of his works. Karl Richter and John Eliot Gardiner are two composers that have made modern recordings of Bach's Cantatas from much different stylistic vantage points. The two recordings are compared here in order to understand the variety that they have brought to Bach's much older works.

There has been a recent jolt of interest in Bach's Cantina's within the last century or so. Here, the research suggests that "we live in a golden age of cantata recordings. And despite the current state of the music industry and the world economy, this momentum seems likely to continue, exemplified by the interesting variety of new recordings" under way (Lehman & White 508). In the last century, as recording devices have become more specialized and clear, several composers have returned to Bach to breathe new life into the volumes of his Cantatas. This interest has been allowed to translate into some amazing performances and recordings, each having their own unique flavor and flare to them. Richter and Gardiner are just two examples of new recordings of Bach's Cantatas; yet, their differences help illustrate the variety and fluid nature of how modern recordings have been interpreting Bach's styles and tones.

Karl Richter's recordings were set decades ago. They are an older version of the Cantina recordings, where the old styles still rein a heavy influence over Richter's interpretation of the music (Lehman & White 508). Richter is known for his more classical style, although he does take some clear modernist artistic licenses in these recordings. He is often referred to as being one of the members of the "old Bach guild" (Ritter 1). Essentially, Richter was trying to stay true to the period in which the Cantatas were actually written. This often means he made choices in his composition that…… [Read More]

Sources:
Antila, Heikki. "Karl Richter and the Cantatas." Bach Cantatas Website. 1998. Web.  http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Performers/Richter-General.htm 

Lehman, Bradley & White, Andrew. "Back Cantatas." Early Music. 2009. 508-512. Web. http://em.oxfordjournals.org/content/37/3/508.full.pdf?keytype=ref&ijkey=JFFqqvjyRfhBoPT
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Compare and Contrast PCS and Mainframes Essay

Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25380116

Personal Computers and Mainframes:

Comparison

Ah, yes...the good, old mainframe. Although the days of whirring giant cabinets in the Six Million Dollar Man, or even the out of control "WHOPPER" computer in the classic cold war movie, War Games, have largely gone the way of the dinosaur, the mainframe computer is still in use today. Although the PC has become the modern definition of "the computer," both forms of the technology have specific uses, advantages and disadvantages.

In the early 1980's, the business world in particular was embracing computer technology at a rapid pace. Other technologies, including microfilm, microfiche, and hard copy records and documents began to be phased out by the mainframe. Indeed, companies quickly became aware of the tremendous power the mainframe computer could bring to their management of data and records (Bennett, 2000), and set up systems at individual "work stations," allowing access to the information in the mainframe.

One major drawback to the widespread use of the large mainframe, however, was the immense cost. To be sure, the early mainframe computers were significantly more powerful and useful than the first "mini-computers," however, their high cost and complexity made their implementation prohibitive for small companies and individuals. However, when the first "fast" processor was developed for mini and mid-range computers (the Pentium), it became quickly apparent that the mainframe stood to lose much of its appeal.

Of course, the biggest draw for companies (and individuals for that matter), is a good "bang for your buck," and acquiring computers that fit into this category became of primary importance in the late 1980's and 1990's (continuing into the 2000's). Not only were PC's proving that they could do almost everything that the larger mainframes could do, but at a significantly lower cost. In addition, mainframes took another hit in popularity when it became apparent that individual computers could be linked to each other via servers.

However, although many began to see the influence of the mainframe on the decline, there remained a significant gap in higher-end computing power between the mainframe and the PC that could not be bridged. Indeed, the average mainframe in use today can complete one billion instructions/second, while the average PC can only handle approximately 500 million (and the desktop, only three…… [Read More]

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Comparing Russian City and US City Essay

Words: 930 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87469497

Russia-U.S.

The two cities I am going to compare are Irkutsk and Tampa. Irkutsk is located in Siberia, along the shores of the Angara River, near the shores of Lake Baikal. Tampa lies on Tampa Bay, near the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. Its inland location and northerly latitude characterize the weather of Irkutsk, which is very cold for most of the year, with five freezing months from November to March where the temperatures drop significantly. Summers are mild. Tampa's southerly location gives it a warm climate, with freezing temperatures seldom if ever occurring. The climate is warm, sunny, and humid. Summers are hot and humid with frequent thunderstorms. The average July temperature in Irkutsk is 64.5, and the average January temperature is -0.9F. The average July temperature in Tampa is around 90, and in January it is 70 (U.S. Climate Data, 2012); World Climates, 2012).

Irkutsk has a population of around 600,000, but has only limited suburban sprawl, so the metropolitan area has a similar population. This contrasts with Tampa, where the city's population is 335,000 but the metro area has a population of 2.7 million. The people of Irkutsk are mainly Russian in their ethnicity, and the primary minority is the Buryats, who are a Mongol group that live in the area and make up about 3% of the population. Tampa is more demographically diverse, with a population that is primarily European-descended but is also 26% black, 23% Hispanic (some of whom are white), 3.4% Asian.

Irkutsk was founded as a fort in 1661, and its position along key rivers allowed it to grow rapidly as a trading center. Trade with China for tea, silk and iron made the city one of the richest in Russia in those days (Babrs, 2006). Today, the economy is driven by the aluminum industry and the Irkut company, which manufactures the Su-30 family of jet fighters (Russiatrek.org, 2012). Tampa was founded in 1824, although the Tocobaga natives had inhabited the area for much longer, and Spanish explorers had passed through. The first settlement was also a fort, Fort Brooke. In the earlier years, Tampa was known as a major cigar manufacturing…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Babrs. (2006). History of Irkutsk. Thinkquest.org. Retrieved March 29, 2012 from http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/01907/history.htm

RussiaTrek.org. (2012). Irkutsk city, Russia. RussiaTrek.org. Retrieved March 29, 2012  http://russiatrek.org/irkutsk-city 
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Compare the Environments and Organizational Settings in Which Library and Information Professionals Practice Essay

Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3112974

Environment and Organizational Settings

Compare the environments and organizational settings in which library and information professionals practice

There are various types of libraries demonstrating different environment and organizational settings. In order to make the libraries diverse and dynamic, each library has the ability to reflect characteristics of their user community. This research will focus on differentiating environment and organizational settings of the four critical library organizations: academic libraries, school libraries, special libraries, and public libraries.

Public Libraries

In the case of the United States, public libraries have the ability to offer services to the people following their establishments by law. The main objective of the public libraries is to enhance accessibility of citizens to information through facilitating reading and borrowing of resources free of charge. This is critical towards the achievement of the public libraries in relation to creation of a more informed citizenry. Moreover, these libraries have the ability to offer entertainment through programming and materials to the public. The source of finance for the operations of the public libraries is taxpayer's money. Public libraries have the obligation of offering support to the persons, groups and governmental agencies in the context of the community. This is through creation of an essential collaborative support system for the shareholders and stakeholders.

Academic Libraries

The main objective of these libraries is to offer services to students, faculty, and interested parties with the ability to procure or purchase membership. The scope of the academic libraries is narrower in comparison to the public libraries. In this case, librarians make decisions on material and resource selection in relation to consultation and input by the faculty as opposed to the public libraries in which librarians have the obligation and ability to make independent decisions.…… [Read More]