Dogs Essays

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Dog and Nighttime Mark Haddon's Essay

Words: 1734 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65974805

" Haddon's novel illustrates this characteristic of autistic families more clearly than any other of his themes and it is this that makes his work significant.

Library and Information Resource Net. "Autism and Brain's Immune System Linked." AORN Journal, Feb 2005 v81 i2 p341 (1).

Ozonoff, Sally and Geraldine Dawson. A Parent's Guide to Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism. New York: Guilford Press, 2002. (p27-28).

Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. New York: Doubleday, 2003. (p14-15).

See above, no. iii. (p44).

Herrey, a. And Lisa M. Capps. "Understanding Teasing: Lessons from Children With Autism." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Feb 2005 v33 i1 p55 (14).

See above, no. iii. (p46).

See above, no. iii. (p140).

Bashe, Patricia Romanowski and Barbara L. Kirby. The Oasis Guide to Asperger Syndrome. New York: Crown, 2001. (p43).

Works… [Read More]

Bashe, Patricia Romanowski and Barbara L. Kirby. The Oasis Guide to Asperger Syndrome. New York: Crown, 2001.

Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. New York: Doubleday, 2003.
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Canine Epilepsy Is a Chronic Essay

Words: 1162 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74995214

The dog may lose consciousness and fall to the ground. There may also be teeth gnashing, frantic thrashing of limbs, excessive drooling, vocalizing, paddling of feet, uncontrollable urination and defecation. The Post Ictus is the stage after the seizure when the dog may pace endlessly, appear blind and deaf and eat or drink excessively.

When a dog first experiences a seizure, it is essential to rule out causes other than true epilepsy. It is difficult to diagnose canine epilepsy because many other diseases or disorders can result in seizures Therefore, blood tests, x-rays, physical examination, and history leading up to the seizure are necessary for accurate diagnosis. If the clinician finds no identifiable cause of the seizure based on clinical evaluation, then the dog is considered to have true epilepsy. Seizures are not predictable. Some dogs appear to have seizures very regularly, while in others, the seizures appear to be precipitated by specific events such as stress, or changes in the weather. But, for most epileptics, there is no pattern to their seizures.

The goal in treating canine epilepsy is to restore a normal life for the epileptic dog through complete control of seizures with no side effects.

However this is frequently not possible and a more realistic goal is to reduce the frequency and severity of the seizures without creating unacceptable side effects from the medications given. For a dog that has a single seizure or infrequent seizures medication is generally not required, but research suggest that dogs treated with medication early in the course of epilepsy have better long- term control of their seizures, compared to dogs that are allowed to have many seizures before anti-seizure medication is started. The medications Phenobarbital or Potassium Bromide are usually used in initial treatment. These anti-epileptic drugs do not cure epilepsy; they simply control the seizures. Most epileptics require life-long therapy to control their seizures.… [Read More]

Bethurum, Pam. "Canine Epilepsy." 9 Jan. 2005. JABED.

Canine Epilepsy." The Epi Guardian Angels. 9 Jan. 2005.
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Owning a Dog Versus Owning a Cat Essay

Words: 768 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7913149

Dogs Verses Cats

Dogs and cats are the two most common animals among pet owners. Each provides unconditional love as well as health and emotional benefits for the owners and each are fairly equal regarding responsibility and care, however, dogs and cats each have unique qualities.

There are numerous benefits to pet ownership, whether one owns a dog or a cat. It is reported that pet owners live longer and healthier lives than individuals without pets and that blood pressure can fall to resting levels or below just by petting an animal (Health pp). The cholesterol levels of pet owners are two percent lower and heart attacks are four percent lower in pet owners compared to non-pet owners (Health pp). Moreover, the survival rate of people who have had a heart attack and own pets increased from one in fifteen to one in eighty-seven (Health pp). Petting or stroking a cat or dog can be very relaxing and a great stress relief and even just watching or touching a pet affects people physiologically (Health pp). It is reported that handicapped people and those who live alone feel more self-confident and safe in social situations when accompanied by a pet and are more motivated to get out and exercise and stay fit when they have a pet (Health pp).

Owning a pet may also be good for your mood. According to studies conducted on men with AIDS and with senior citizens pet ownership can help relieve symptoms of depression (Benefits pp). A study published in the March 1999 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society showed that senior citizens who own pets are less likely to be depressed, are better able to tolerate social isolation than those without pets and activity levels increased regardless of the kind of pet the individuals owned (Benefits pp). Moreover, pet owners who live alone say that they are less lonely and report fewer minor health problems (Benefits pp). It is believed that pets may help relieve stress and anxiety by encouraging playfulness and promoting laughter (Benefits pp). Experts believe one reason pets may have such therapeutic effects on people is comfort, pets are soft, soothing to stroke and nonjudgmental and seem to meet the need for companionship and relationship building that is not always available to some individuals (Benefits pp).…… [Read More]

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Progress in Dog Training and Observation of Training Responses Essay

Words: 1208 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78560286

Dog Training

Training a dog requires proper planning and execution of the training methods so as to reinforce and encourage repetition. Proper training calls for the creation of a desire by the dog to please and seek positive attention and feedback from its handler. For a well behaved and trained dog, proper behavior adjustment and obedient command training are needful. This training starts with the sit command and training. The sit command and exercise stands as the most effective beginner training to a dog. The norms in the "sit" training and command to a dog makes it possible for the handler to change a dog's ability to listen and obey easily. The training also orients the dog away from requiring bribes to follow commands.

Training 'Wolph' to "Sit"

Conditioning in Wolph's training response to "sit" is undertaken by giving treats and rubbing on the chest in case the dog demonstrated clearly the instructed command. The objective of the training is for Wolph to sit accurately upon instruction and not lie down. In the training the dog, "sit" implies that the dog puts its rear on the ground while its upper body stays on the ground. Lying position for the dog is when the dog puts both its rear and chest on the ground. The training seeks to ensure that Wolph sits and does not lie.

The dog has a harness that hangs from the dog's shoulders to provide a gentle traction on the dog's movements. To execute the command to Wolph, I stand holding the harness and wait for the dog to realize the gentle tension on its neck. The dog is expected to start anxiously wondering what it should do next. Initially, the dog starts exercising some actions relating to displacement. Without responding to the dog's actions, nothing is done and in silence wait for it to get fed up and result to sitting or lying down. At this stage, Wolph has demonstrated submission to the instructions.

To achieve the desired response restraint that patience is applied until the dog gets tired of standing and eventually sits. The tension on the harness is released if and only if the dog assumes a sitting position. Once Wolph takes a sitting position, a sweeping circular motion with the other hand is made, give a treat and rub him on the…… [Read More]

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Smakey Dog Foods Discuss How the SEC Essay

Words: 1519 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61922490

Smakey Dog Foods

Discuss how the SEC has influence (if any) over the audit of Smackey Dog Foods, Inc.

The Securities and Exchange Commission has a significant influence on the audit of Smackey Dog Foods, Inc. By Keller CPAs. The SEC's influence comes primarily by the audit standards that have to be applied to the business and independence is one of the principles of the AICPA. The other principles are responsibilities, the public interest, integrity, objectivity and independence, due care, and scope and nature of services. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 introduced many new requirements. These requirements relate to: the independence of audit committee members; the audit committee's responsibility to select and oversee the issuer's independent accountant; procedures for handling complaints regarding the issuer's accounting practices; the authority of the audit committee to engage advisors; and funding for the independent auditor and any outside advisors engaged by the audit committee (U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, N.d.).

Q2: Discuss the essential activities involved in the initial planning of an audit. How do these all specifically to the Smackey Dog Food client?

The auditor considers many factors in determining the nature, timing, and extent of auditing procedures to be performed in an audit of an entity's financial statements (PCAOB, N.d.). The following are five steps in the essential activities involved in the initial planning of an audit and as they relate to Smackey Dog Food, Inc.

1. Understand the client's business and industry.

2. Assess client business risk.

3. Perform preliminary analytical procedures.

4. Set materiality and assess acceptable audit risk and inherent risk.

5. Develop overall audit plan and audit program.

Smackey's representatives must conduct each step rigorously to ensure that the company is not only in compliance, but also is making good use of managerial accounting and the company's assets. The financial auditing quality depends, among others, of the quality of the information the auditor avails of in judging the compliance with accounting principles and conventions (Georgescu, Betianu, & Macovei, 2006).

Q3: Discuss the 4 stages of the audit and the major activities performed by the auditor in each phase. Give an example of how each of these specifically applies to the Smackey Dog…… [Read More]

Georgescu, I., Betianu, L., & Macovei, C. (2006, August). The Role of the Management Accounting in Financial Auditing Quality Enhancement. Retrieved from Social Science Research Network: 

Investopedia. (N.d.). Positive Confirmation. Retrieved from Investopedia: 
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Smackey Dog Foods My Role at Smackey Essay

Words: 2126 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68378318

Smackey Dog Foods

My role at Smackey Dog Food is to apply the audit procedures and objectives to this company. A cursory examination reveals that there are many areas where Smackey's accounting practices can be improved. At times, there are faults with the techniques that are being used. At other times, there are faults just as much with the control systems. Inadequate control systems are often the cause of problems with a company's accounting practices, and ensuring that proper controls are in place is one of the most important roles of the auditor (CSU, 2009). In this analysis, the issues will be taken one at a time, and then some final overarching recommendations will be made to ensure that not only are these problems addressed but that systems are in place to ensure that there are no further problems.

Problem #1 -- Waste and Margins

The one-serving packages that are freshly manufactured are sold at three times the price of their other products. Waste is an issue for this product, in part because of the necessity of using fresh ingredients. From a business perspective, Smackey can set its prices at whatever level it feels is appropriate for the market, but the company should have a sense of whether or not this product is making money. Thus, the company must be able to measure this waste in order to ensure that it makes money on this product. High waste is a symptom of poor controls. A management accounting system is recommended, for example contribution margin accounting, in order to determine whether this product generates profits. Waste must be included in the cost of goods sold. This will allow for a more effective breakeven analysis (Richards, 2012). It is worth considering that an essential component of good control is measurement. Right now the company does not know how much waste is associated with…… [Read More]

CSU. (2009). Internal controls. California State University. Retrieved April 6, 2012 from 

EEOC. (2009). Federal laws prohibiting job discrimination questions and answers. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved April 6, 2012 from 
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Training and Effectiveness K-9 History Essay

Words: 1330 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58930931

The following chart illustrates the orientation and where the dog's social, sexual and micturition behaviors should be oriented.


Source: Tieken (1999)

The appropriate socialization of the dog is also important. Guidelines for socialization of the dog is shown for the age appropriate socialization in the following table.

Age/Appropriate Socialization



0-5 weeks

Dog needs nurturing from the dam and to be protected from environmental extremes.

3-5 weeks

Some human contact is advisable

5-8 weeks

Continue nurturing, but allow some mild stress such as cold or short-term social isolation. Also increase human contact with some interaction. Studies have revealed that pups that experience mild stress grow up to handle stress better than littermates who were protected from all stress.

8-10 weeks

This is a fear imprinting period. Avoid negative forceful reinforcements; minimize all stress; be careful to avoid threatening situations (e.g., close proximity to large strange dogs, manwork, or courage testing). Continue to socialize the dog.

10-24 weeks

Avoid negative forceful reinforcements Avoid close proximity to manwork, but allow the pup to observe at a safe distance. Graduate his exposure as his confidence grows. Avoid anything that cowers him until the dog is ready. Demonstrate to the dog that you are confident and allow him the freedom to investigate on his own.

24+ weeks

Avoid anything that cowers him until he is ready. Show him your confidence. Remember you are working with a child.

Source: Tieken (1999)


The work entitled: "Establishing a New K9 Unit for a Small Department" published by the North Americans Police Work Dog Association (N.A.P.W.D.A.) states in terms of effectiveness "Patrolling in a well marked K9 vehicle clearly states the intent of the police department to combat crime and to use extremely effective 'tools' to accomplish this." (N.A.P.W.D.A., 2008) the deterrent effect is stated as "amazing." (2008) it is related that the psychological advantages of having K9 teams on patrol is "tremendous" because "gangs hanging around schools, parks, corners and other areas can…… [Read More]

Hubble, Bert (nd) a Brief History of War Dogs in the U.S. Military: A Historical Perspective. 47th Scout Dog Platoon. Online available at 

K-9 History: The Dogs of War!