Dogs Essays (Examples)

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Dog and Nighttime Mark Haddon's

Words: 1734 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65974805

" Haddon's novel illustrates this characteristic of autistic families more clearly than any other of his themes and it is this that makes his work significant.

Library and Information Resource Net. "Autism and Brain's Immune System Linked." AORN Journal, Feb 2005 v81 i2 p341 (1).

Ozonoff, Sally and Geraldine Dawson. A Parent's Guide to Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism. New York: Guilford Press, 2002. (p27-28).

Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. New York: Doubleday, 2003. (p14-15).

See above, no. iii. (p44).

Herrey, a. And Lisa M. Capps. "Understanding Teasing: Lessons from Children With Autism." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Feb 2005 v33 i1 p55 (14).

See above, no. iii. (p46).

See above, no. iii. (p140).

Bashe, Patricia Romanowski and Barbara L. Kirby. The Oasis Guide to Asperger Syndrome. New York: Crown, 2001. (p43).

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bashe, Patricia Romanowski and Barbara L. Kirby. The Oasis Guide to Asperger Syndrome. New York: Crown, 2001.

Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. New York: Doubleday, 2003.

Herrey, a. And Lisa M. Capps. "Understanding Teasing: Lessons from Children With Autism." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Feb 2005 v33 i1 p55 (14).

Library and Information Resource Net. "Autism and Brain's Immune System Linked." AORN Journal, Feb 2005 v81 i2 p341 (1).
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Canine Epilepsy Is a Chronic

Words: 1162 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74995214

The dog may lose consciousness and fall to the ground. There may also be teeth gnashing, frantic thrashing of limbs, excessive drooling, vocalizing, paddling of feet, uncontrollable urination and defecation. The Post Ictus is the stage after the seizure when the dog may pace endlessly, appear blind and deaf and eat or drink excessively.

When a dog first experiences a seizure, it is essential to rule out causes other than true epilepsy. It is difficult to diagnose canine epilepsy because many other diseases or disorders can result in seizures Therefore, blood tests, x-rays, physical examination, and history leading up to the seizure are necessary for accurate diagnosis. If the clinician finds no identifiable cause of the seizure based on clinical evaluation, then the dog is considered to have true epilepsy. Seizures are not predictable. Some dogs appear to have seizures very regularly, while in others, the seizures appear to be precipitated by specific events such as stress, or changes in the weather. But, for most epileptics, there is no pattern to their seizures.

The goal in treating canine epilepsy is to restore a normal life for the epileptic dog through complete control of seizures with no side effects.

However this…… [Read More]


Bethurum, Pam. "Canine Epilepsy." 9 Jan. 2005. JABED.

Canine Epilepsy." The Epi Guardian Angels. 9 Jan. 2005.

Canine Seizures - Causes and Treatment." The Epi Guardian Angels. 9 Jan. 2005. .

Davol, Pamela A. "Understanding Canine Epilepsy." Wing-N-Wave Labradors. 9 Jan. 2005.
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Owning a Dog Versus Owning a Cat

Words: 768 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7913149

Dogs Verses Cats

Dogs and cats are the two most common animals among pet owners. Each provides unconditional love as well as health and emotional benefits for the owners and each are fairly equal regarding responsibility and care, however, dogs and cats each have unique qualities.

There are numerous benefits to pet ownership, whether one owns a dog or a cat. It is reported that pet owners live longer and healthier lives than individuals without pets and that blood pressure can fall to resting levels or below just by petting an animal (Health pp). The cholesterol levels of pet owners are two percent lower and heart attacks are four percent lower in pet owners compared to non-pet owners (Health pp). Moreover, the survival rate of people who have had a heart attack and own pets increased from one in fifteen to one in eighty-seven (Health pp). Petting or stroking a cat or dog can be very relaxing and a great stress relief and even just watching or touching a pet affects people physiologically (Health pp). It is reported that handicapped people and those who live alone feel more self-confident and safe in social situations when accompanied by a pet and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Health Benefits of Pet Ownership."

The Health Benefits of Owning Pets."

The State of the American Pet Highlights."
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Progress in Dog Training and Observation of Training Responses

Words: 1208 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78560286

Dog Training

Training a dog requires proper planning and execution of the training methods so as to reinforce and encourage repetition. Proper training calls for the creation of a desire by the dog to please and seek positive attention and feedback from its handler. For a well behaved and trained dog, proper behavior adjustment and obedient command training are needful. This training starts with the sit command and training. The sit command and exercise stands as the most effective beginner training to a dog. The norms in the "sit" training and command to a dog makes it possible for the handler to change a dog's ability to listen and obey easily. The training also orients the dog away from requiring bribes to follow commands.

Training 'Wolph' to "Sit"

Conditioning in Wolph's training response to "sit" is undertaken by giving treats and rubbing on the chest in case the dog demonstrated clearly the instructed command. The objective of the training is for Wolph to sit accurately upon instruction and not lie down. In the training the dog, "sit" implies that the dog puts its rear on the ground while its upper body stays on the ground. Lying position for the dog…… [Read More]

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Smakey Dog Foods Discuss How the SEC

Words: 1519 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61922490

Smakey Dog Foods

Discuss how the SEC has influence (if any) over the audit of Smackey Dog Foods, Inc.

The Securities and Exchange Commission has a significant influence on the audit of Smackey Dog Foods, Inc. By Keller CPAs. The SEC's influence comes primarily by the audit standards that have to be applied to the business and independence is one of the principles of the AICPA. The other principles are responsibilities, the public interest, integrity, objectivity and independence, due care, and scope and nature of services. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 introduced many new requirements. These requirements relate to: the independence of audit committee members; the audit committee's responsibility to select and oversee the issuer's independent accountant; procedures for handling complaints regarding the issuer's accounting practices; the authority of the audit committee to engage advisors; and funding for the independent auditor and any outside advisors engaged by the audit committee (U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, N.d.).

Q2: Discuss the essential activities involved in the initial planning of an audit. How do these all specifically to the Smackey Dog Food client?

The auditor considers many factors in determining the nature, timing, and extent of auditing procedures to be performed in an…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Georgescu, I., Betianu, L., & Macovei, C. (2006, August). The Role of the Management Accounting in Financial Auditing Quality Enhancement. Retrieved from Social Science Research Network: 

Investopedia. (N.d.). Positive Confirmation. Retrieved from Investopedia:

Pacini, C. (N.d.). Accepting the Engagement and Planning the Audit. Retrieved from FGCU:

PCAOB. (N.d.). The Auditor's Consideration of the Internal Audit Function in an Audit of Financial Statements. Retrieved from PCAOB:
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Smackey Dog Foods My Role at Smackey

Words: 2126 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68378318

Smackey Dog Foods

My role at Smackey Dog Food is to apply the audit procedures and objectives to this company. A cursory examination reveals that there are many areas where Smackey's accounting practices can be improved. At times, there are faults with the techniques that are being used. At other times, there are faults just as much with the control systems. Inadequate control systems are often the cause of problems with a company's accounting practices, and ensuring that proper controls are in place is one of the most important roles of the auditor (CSU, 2009). In this analysis, the issues will be taken one at a time, and then some final overarching recommendations will be made to ensure that not only are these problems addressed but that systems are in place to ensure that there are no further problems.

Problem #1 -- Waste and Margins

The one-serving packages that are freshly manufactured are sold at three times the price of their other products. Waste is an issue for this product, in part because of the necessity of using fresh ingredients. From a business perspective, Smackey can set its prices at whatever level it feels is appropriate for the market, but…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

CSU. (2009). Internal controls. California State University. Retrieved April 6, 2012 from 

EEOC. (2009). Federal laws prohibiting job discrimination questions and answers. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved April 6, 2012 from

Investopedia. (2012). Channel stuffing. Investopedia. Retrieved April 6, 2012 from

Richard, L. (2012). GAAP rules for writing off accounts receivable. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved April 6, 2012 from
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Training and Effectiveness K-9 History

Words: 1330 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58930931

The following chart illustrates the orientation and where the dog's social, sexual and micturition behaviors should be oriented.


Source: Tieken (1999)

The appropriate socialization of the dog is also important. Guidelines for socialization of the dog is shown for the age appropriate socialization in the following table.

Age/Appropriate Socialization



0-5 weeks

Dog needs nurturing from the dam and to be protected from environmental extremes.

3-5 weeks

Some human contact is advisable

5-8 weeks

Continue nurturing, but allow some mild stress such as cold or short-term social isolation. Also increase human contact with some interaction. Studies have revealed that pups that experience mild stress grow up to handle stress better than littermates who were protected from all stress.

8-10 weeks

This is a fear imprinting period. Avoid negative forceful reinforcements; minimize all stress; be careful to avoid threatening situations (e.g., close proximity to large strange dogs, manwork, or courage testing). Continue to socialize the dog.

10-24 weeks

Avoid negative forceful reinforcements Avoid close proximity to manwork, but allow the pup to observe at a safe distance. Graduate his exposure as his confidence grows. Avoid anything that cowers him until the dog is ready. Demonstrate to the dog…… [Read More]


Hubble, Bert (nd) a Brief History of War Dogs in the U.S. Military: A Historical Perspective. 47th Scout Dog Platoon. Online available at 

K-9 History: The Dogs of War!

History of Police Dogs (2007) K9 Global Training Academy Working Dogs. Online available at
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Wag the Dog

Words: 2055 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6808025

Wag the Dog

The Public Relations Society of America espouses a code of ethics that includes protecting and advancing the free flow of "accurate and truthful" information ("Ethics"). Likewise, the Public Relations Society of America advocates honesty and accuracy in its core practice guidelines for professionals. In Wage the Dog, Conrad Bream (Robert DeNiro) deliberately machinates a plan to divert the public's attention away from a presidential sex scandal by hiring movie producer Stanley Motss (Dustin Hoffman) to manufacture multimedia images for the media. The fake war is an outright, deliberate, and overt affront to the first ethical tenet of the Public Relations Society of America, which would never admit Bream as one of its members. Interestingly, though, Bream does not try to lie about the sex scandal, but only wants to create a lie that will prove more sensational in the media.

Every other example of how Bream violates the core tenet of accuracy and truth follows from this first ethical infraction. For instance, a fake war can dupe the public but not the Pentagon. When senior military officials and members of the Central Intelligence Agency discover the Armenian conflict is a sham, they order full disclosure. Here, Bream…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baum, Matthew. Soft News Goes to War.

Baum, Matthew A. "Sex, Lies, and War: How Soft News Brings Foreign Policy to the Inattentive Public." American Political Science Review 1, 2002, pp 91-109.

Coppens, Philip. "Wag the Dog." Retrieved online: 

Levinson, B. "Wag the Dog." In HSC Advanced English.
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Marketing Plan for Dog-Feeding Device

Words: 727 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23794615

Marketing Plan for Caninantics' "Pooch Pantry"

Situational Analysis

It is well documented that Americans love their animals and dogs lead the popularity charts for pets (Watters & Ruff, 2013). Indeed, many people grieve over the loss of a dog to the same extent they do over the loss of a close human loved one (Watters & Ruff, 2013). It's estimated that 70-80 million dogs are owned in the United States. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals estimates that there are around 80 million dogs in the United States and that nearly half (47%) of all households in the United States own at least one dog (Facts about pet ownership, 2014).

The dog food-dispensing product developed by Caninantics provides busy pet owners with the ability to feed their dogs during their absences. The device, known as "Pooch Pantry," automatically opens dog food cans and empties the contents into a dog food bowl on a timed basis or through mobile user initiation and then dispenses the can in a trash receptacle. The device has an approximate 3- to 6-day limit (six cans), depending on the size or number of dogs. A SWOT analysis of Caninantics' Pooch Pantry is…… [Read More]


Adler, J. (2009, December 2). Start-ups, too dependent on realty, swell failures. American Banker, 173(231), 1.

Facts about pet ownership. (2014). American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

Retrieved from

Watters, N. & Ruff, R. (2013, September 1). Can a posttraumatic stress disorder be caused by a traumatic injury to a companion pet? International Journal of Psychological Studies,
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Family Dog Our Family Member Wolfie Our

Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16314263

Family Dog

Our Family Member, Wolfie

Our German Shepherd Wolfie has always been the most popular member of our family. Even though there were four of us, including Mom, Pop, and my little sister, it was Wolfie that everyone on the street knew best. Even the neighborhood kids loved her and would come over just to play with her. My sister and I did not even have to be home (and if we were that did not necessarily mean we would be asked to come out and play). No, the dog was everyone's favorite. Yet, for some reason, none of us were ever jealous of Wolfie. She deserved her popularity, after all. This paper will show why our family will always be remembered -- not for what we ourselves did -- but for what our dog did!

From the time Wolfie was born, she was the most welcome dog to have ever lived -- so I am told anyway. My parents refused to put her on a leash: they did not want to keep Wolfie's friendliness all locked up. Fortunately, everyone in our neighborhood turned out to be just as fond of Wolfie as we were: she would turn up…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Famous Dog Quotes." Web. 25 Aug 2011. >
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Film Analysis Wag the Dog

Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19848044


Perhaps the clearest violation of the principles of the Public Relations Society of America (PRSA) in Wag the Dog is its essential premise: the PR firm is working to create the impression that the U.S. is at war to save the reputation of the current president, even though the country is still at peace. The PR firm deliberately deludes the American public into believing falsehoods based upon the needs of the client. As well as inhibiting the dissemination of truthful information, the PR firm actively stifles open communication by covering up the sex scandal of the president by creating false footage about the supposed war in Albania. The PR firm also collaborates with a movie producer to create fake film footage of the actual war specifically designed to tug at the heartstrings of Americans. What the public should actually be focused upon (the politician's credibility) is completely changed and reversed.

PR moguls are not supposed to lie but rather to present the news in a better way to suit the needs of the client. They are not supposed to manufacture war heroes that do not exist and manipulate the public with fabricated facts. It is one thing to present…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Propaganda -- all devices." 12 May 2014.
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Black Dog Creating a World

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70681100

But while wishing to be strong is noble, forgetting the past leads to others repeating mistakes of the past in different contexts -- genocides continue to reoccur.

It is this that has proved the most significant lesson of Balakian's work regarding my perception of the world. I will never look at the signs to 'Save Darfur' the same way, after reading The Black Dog of Fate. Like myself, Balakian grew up at a table groaning with plenty, where his relative's past seemed very far away from Tenafly, New Jersey. In America, even after September 11th, it is easy to feel as though old, ethnic tribal memories and conflicts are very far away, when one is living one's daily existence and is obsessed with the day-to-day demands of one's personal life. Balakian came to learn about his family's history, not in some great, single revelation, like might happen in a made-for-TV movie, but slowly, in fits and starts, when he began to piece together some of his grandmother's remarks and began to better understand his relative's native Armenian. Partly motivated by what he learned in college about justice, he asked his family uncomfortable questions about the Armenian Genocide.

My studies for…… [Read More]

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Curious Incident of the Dog

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32369870

His view of interactions with others and admonishments is of less importance as compared to that of animals. In my opinion, this explicates the climax of Haddon's plot. The fact that Christopher decides to dig into finding the killer of the dog to erase the predicaments implicated upon him, introduces an interesting turn of the story. To him, tracking down the legitimate killer was exponentially vital to him; a close reflection to Sherlock Holmes inspiration.

In my opinion, the insights from the book exceptionally enlightened my understanding of literature. I gained knowledge concerning fiction's correlation to reality. This is portrayed by the Christopher's brilliance that illustrates his lack of fathom in his personal emotions. Similarly, the funny incidences create a dazzling effect to my understanding as the fascinating sides of Christopher highlights a blessing in disguise nature. This has helped in satisfying the incidental perception of the world of reality.


My reader perception towards humanity according to Haddon portrays a virtue that is exceptionally characteristic in societal living. According to the book, Christopher does not value humanity, and that is why his relation with fellow human is perplexed. In most incidences in the book, Christopher has shown is dislike…… [Read More]

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Red Dog Culture Exists in

Words: 2235 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85560096

But this does not mean that this family cannot be understood as a political constellation. The family members relate to the world with violence, trying to make others conform to their desires with guns and drugs, a path that leads finally to a terrible action. This action transforms the novel from a type of ethnography and the characters from symbols of a certain kind of cultural actors into themselves, into individuals who believe they can no longer hide in the shadows of their culture and their history. The characters step out in front of the landscape, step out of the shadows of generalities, of being movers in a Great Canadian Novel.

Essential to understanding the novel and its characters is to trace the history of the family as it moves from America to Canada, from one geographical and historical site of colonization to another. In their home in British Columbia, the Stark family believe themselves to be less culpable. They are not like the Americans who do not believe in history, they are people who understand history and so are released from its bonds.

Canadians, in this narrative and in other narratives as well, stand in as a sort of…… [Read More]


Gilbert, H. & Tompkins, J. (1996). Post-colonial drama: Theory, practice, politics. New York: Routledge.

hooks, b. (1990). Yearning: Race, gender and cultural politics. Boston: South End.

Lane, P. (2006). Red dog. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.
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Curious Incident of the Dog

Words: 1413 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35614686

His reaction is honest and real, and shows that he has emotions and feelings as well as logical reactions to his life. He also decides he cannot live with his father when he discovers his father is the one who killed Wellington. These are all emotional reactions to problems, and so he is very capable of love and other strong emotions. His reactions might not be what another person's reactions are, but they are certainly real and important.

In addition, Christopher becomes aware of a terrible hurt inside him because of his father's confession. Haddon writes, "But this hurt was inside my head. And it made me sad to think that I could never become an astronaut" (Haddon 132). That kind of hurt comes from love, and Christopher now knows the pain of loving someone and losing them. This feeling forces him to do things he would never do before, such as leave home, find the train station, and travel to London on his own. It also forces him to think about who he trusts and does not trust. He learns he cannot trust everyone, even those that are closest to him. That is a difficult lesson to learn, but…… [Read More]


Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. New York: Vintage Books, 2003.
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Development of Canine Behavior Genetics vs Environment

Words: 4662 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91836586

Canine Behavior: Genetics vs. Environment

The debate over nature vs. nurture as it applies to learning dates back over a hundred years. Certainly, during much of the 20th century, the distinction between learned and inherited behavior appeared much clearer than it does today. The concept that any type of behavior was either learned or merely developed without learning seemed a rationale and straightforward belief. Research based on these expectations caused some scientists to conclude that rat-killing behavior among cats, for example, is a learned behavior rather than an instinctive one, that human fears are all acquired, or that intelligence is completely the result of experience. Learning theorists were arguing at this point that most behavior is learned and that biological factors are of little or no importance. The behaviorist position that human behavior could be explained entirely in terms of reflexes, stimulus-response associations, and the effects of reinforcers upon them entirely excluding "mental" terms such as desires, goals and so forth was advanced by J.B. Watson in his 1914 book, Behavior:

An Introduction to Comparative Psychology. These early scientists routinely employed dogs in their research, with clear indications of learning behaviors taking place. However, the debate continues over just how…… [Read More]


Ader, R., Baum, A., & Weiner, H. (1988). Experimental foundations of behavioral medicines: Conditioning approaches. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Black, A.H., Solomon, R.L., & Whiting, J.W.M. (1954, April). Resistance to temptation as a function of antecedent dependency relationships in puppies. Paper presented at the Eastern Psychological Association meeting, New York. In American Psychologist, 9, 579.

Brush, F.R., Overmier, J.B., & Solomon, R.L. (1985). Affect, conditioning, and cognition: Essays on the determinants of behavior. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dogs and People: The History and Psychology of a Relationship. (1996). Journal of Business Administration and Policy Analysis, 24-26, 54.
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Gaining an Understanding of Mary Crow Dog

Words: 741 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72685603

gaining an understanding of Mary Crow Dog, what did you find most interesting about this chapter? Be sure to explain why you found it most interesting.

This chapter provides a lot of insight into gender roles and norms in the society, beyond learning about how these norms impacted Mary Crow Dog on a personal level. The phenomenon of child marriage, and of the lack of power women had over their own destinies, is evidence from the very first sentence of Chapter 12 "Sioux and Elephants Never Forget." The first sentence is tellingly written in the passive voice, when Mary Crow Dog writes about her marriage to Crow Dog. She writes, "I became Crow Dog's wife," not "I married Crow Dog," which would be the active voice phrasing. Mary Crow Dog purposely uses the passive voice because she was not even eighteen years old when she married. And more than that, the marriage evolved after Leonard Crow dog literally preyed on her when she was too young to resist a man with age, power, and status in the community. This chapter shows the status and role of women in Sioux society through practices like pervasiveness of child marriage.

Mary Crow Dog…… [Read More]


Crow Dog, M. (1990). Lakota Woman. New York: Harper.

Mankiller, W. (1993). Mankiller: A Chief and Her People. New York: St. Martin's.
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Red Dog a Modern Application

Words: 1796 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36790509

A description of the entrance of Elmer Stark, father of Eddy and Tony, into the world of the story makes both the masculine and the feminine exotic, other, and unknowable, while at the same time igniting tensions and passions -- outright lust, in fact -- between them in a fetishization of the other. Nettie, the Stark matriarch, is described watching this stranger wash, "his naked shoulders, the gleam of his skin, and the lines of charred bronze where the sun had burned his neck and wrists, the faint red-gold of the hairs that edged from under his belt at his waist" (Lane, p. 144). This description makes it clear that Elmer is not being viewed as a human, but as an other, just as Nettie is creating her own distance and just as distances were created with the native peoples through such objectification. With such beginnings as these, it is little wonder that Eddy Stark grows into an embodiment of alienation.


The haunting, sexualized, and distanced elements of interactions in this book make a feminist postcolonial gothic reading especially appropriate. The Starks are a family of others, distancing themselves through the memories of their violent past. In a land…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kulperger, Shelley. Familiar Ghosts: Feminist Postcolonial Gothic in Canada. In Unsettled Remains: Canadian Literature and the Postcolonial Gothic, Cynthia Conchita Sugars & Gerry Turcotte, eds. Waterloo, on: Wilfird Laurier University Press, 2009.

Lane, Patrick. Red Dog, Red Dog. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2008.

Segal, Francesca. Ghostly Visions from the Top of an Apple Tree [review]. The Observer, 6 June 2009. Accessed 4 April 2012.
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Embedding Elements of Functional Skills in K-9

Words: 433 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63617636

Embedding Elements of Functional Skills in K-9 Handling

Skills in individual areas become much more valuable to instructors and to learners when they are fully integrated or embedded within functional applications (Gravells, 2008). Generally, a good canine handler needs to have a command of factual knowledge about canine behavior, human psychology, criminal law and procedure, computer Internet technology, (ICT), and good writing skills. However, raw knowledge about canines, or so-called "textbook" knowledge (breed identification, history, physiology, general behavior, etc.) is comparatively useless in the field. Instead, the functional or "embedded" knowledge a canine handler must understand about dogs would include identifying predictable behaviors of various canines in specific situations. For example, knowledge about the respective lineage of the Belgian Malinois and German Shepherd is not particularly useful in the field as compared with embedded knowledge of their respective likely responses to gunshots.

Likewise, textbook knowledge of the history of the discipline of human psychology and the identity and contributions of its early theorists is much less important in the field than a functional grasp of embedded knowledge. Embedded knowledge in that area would include recognizing the way that principles of human psychology dictate reactions of individuals in the various contexts…… [Read More]


Gravells, A. (2008). Preparing to Teach in the Lifelong Learning Sector -- Level 3

Coursebook. Learning Matters Ltd.
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Lady With the Dog by

Words: 963 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65197996

Chekhov likened his characters to a child who is just starting to understanding a new concept and meaning of love, leading him to further evaluate himself not just as a lover to Anna, but as a man and individual as he appears to Anna and other people:

He had two lives: one, open, seen and known by all who cared to know…and another life running its course in secret… everything that was essential, of interest and value to him…was hidden from other people; and all that was false in him…all that was open.

While Gurov admitted and acknowledged the hypocritical life he led by carrying on a love affair with Anna while still living with his wife, Anna remained confused and uncertain about herself and her lover in Oates' redevelopment of Chekhov's original short story. Created to complete the missing information on events surrounding Anna and her lover's affair in Chekhov's story, Oates' the Lady with the Pet Dog primarily centers on Anna's feelings and thoughts throughout the affair. In Anna, Oates developed a contemporary spin to Chekhov's story, albeit the plot and essential events in the original story remained and were highlighted by looking at Anna's life and point-of-view…… [Read More]


Chekhov, a. The Lady with the Pet Dog. Available at: .

Oates, J.C. (2006). The Lady with the Pet Dog. In High Lonesome. NY: HarperCollins.
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Oil of Dog Bierce's Narrative Style

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85709735




Ambrose Bierce's Oil of Dog is a dark, macabre and humorous, even though it is a short story it is very rich, compact and filled with irony. The irony which is the dominant and most outstanding element in Oil of Dog functions in several significant and symbolic ways. Bierce presents to the reader an inverted or upside down world where right is wrong and wrong is right. He portrays his parents and their trade which is murder and thievery as honorable while at the same time presenting the righteous as guilty. The constable, a representative or law and order is described like this: "young as I was, I had learned that a constable's acts, of whatever apparent character are prompted by the most reprehensible motives" (12).

He also states that the town's people who appear to be honest are directly responsible for demise of their parent's business ventures. What is even more twisted and confused the blame he places on himself for the death of his parents. Even though the narrator is totally innocent and only acting with the natural naivety of a…… [Read More]


Bierce, Abrose. "LibriVox -- The Parenticide Club, by Ambrose Bierce." LibriVox. 10 June 2007. Web. 16 Dec. 2010. .

Talley, Sharon. Ambrose Bierce and the Dance of Death. Knoxville: University of Tennessee, 2009. Print.
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Requiring Ethnics Training to Employees Is Simply a Dog and Pony Show Why or Why

Words: 2443 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77662360

Ethics Training for Employees

"Recently we have become aware of massive fraud and abuses that are tolerated and even encouraged by executives in large and formerly reputable organizations" (Lee, 2004). The Enron scandal sent ricochets through corporate America, causing literally thousands of people to lose their jobs and sending a major city into a deeper recession than that experienced by the rest of the country. Even seemingly minor corporate scandals have had a tremendous impact on both corporate America and on consumer confidence in corporations. One need only look at the recent media fury surrounding Martha Stewart's recent release from prison to realize that corporate misbehavior is the hot-button issue of the day. As evidenced by the abundance of "Free Martha" t-shirts, the negative impacts of corporate ethical issues are not always apparent on the surface. However, the fact is that abusive and illegal practices that have been permitted, and sometimes condoned, have cost people jobs and money, and have created a loss of credibility and trust in American corporations (Lee, 2004).

According to a 1999 study, approximately 30% of U.S. employees suspected that ethical violations had occurred in their organizations in the two years prior to the survey (Wells,…… [Read More]


Joseph, J., Wan Veer, L., and McFadden, A. (2004). Ethics in the Workplace. Retrieved 12 Mar. 2005 from Executive Update Online

Web site:

Lee, W. (2004). Ethics: Compliance vs. Commitment. Retrieved 12 Mar. 2005, from Society for Human Resource Management

Web site:
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K9 K12 in the Field

Words: 1378 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39094383

Clay County

The Field Experience Project that I participated over this course has enlightened me in many ways. Having a different perspective as an observer was a very valuable way of examining the teaching environment. The purpose of this essay is to summarize my experience as an interviewer and observer at the Clay County High School in Clay, WV. This essay will first give some background on the circumstances of my situation before capturing some specific items that occurred while I was there.

After describing some of the background information about the school, I will then give an account of my experiences at the school. I will describe the details about my activities and interactions while I was present as an observer. The final part of the essay will discuss some of my specific observations about culture and how culture affected the school that I observed.


Clay County High School is located in Clay, West Virginia. Clay is located in central West Virginia and is an extremely rural town. Clay has less than 500 total population covering almost 900 square miles. Clay County High School attracts children all across Clay county and their total student population totaled 625 students.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barth, R. (2002). The Culture Builder. Educational Leadership, 59, 8. pp 6-11. Retrieved from %20Culture%20Builder.pdf

Chenoweth, E., & Galliher, R.V. (2004, October 15). Factors in-uencing college aspirations of rural West Virginia high school students. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 19(2). Retrieved [date] from

Clay Count High School Website. Viewed 1 March 2013. Retrieved from

US News and World Report. Clay County High School. Viewed 1 March 2013. Retrieved from schools/clay-county-high-school-21332
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Starting Point for This Legal

Words: 836 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83329378

It should also be pointed out that the Defendant, Mr. Taylor, warned the Plaintiff to not play with the dog and that Ms. Buffet openly admits that this is the case. The warning itself will not affect the issue of liability but it will impact on the measure of damages. As Ms. Buffet made no effort to play with the dog or otherwise interact with him the issue of the warning should have little impact on the case but it is something that must be considered.

II. Doctrine of Comparative Negligence Will Mitigate Damages

Assuming arguendo that the Plaintiff can prove negligence by the Defendant she must overcome the tenets of the Comparative Negligence doctrine.

As Florida follows pure comparative negligence she might still be able to recover damages but they would be diminished by how the contribution of fault is measured by the jury. For example, if the jury were to determine that the Plaintiff was 50% responsible and the total damages were to be assessed at $5,000, the dog's owner would be responsible for only 25% of the judgment.


Based upon the facts originally presented and the subsequent deposition testimony the Plaintiff's case is not a particularly…… [Read More]

Hoffman v. Jones, 280 So.2d 287 (Fla. 1977)

Bessett v. Hackett, 66 So. 2d 694 (Fla. 1953)

Restatement of Torts (Second) §463
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Pharmacologic Treatment of Fear and

Words: 4199 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2973543

e., they became helpless). Furthermore, other behaviors of the dogs were adversely affected (e.g., the dogs appeared apathetic and had poor appetites) (Hitzemann, 2000). In his essay, "Animal Models of Psychiatric Disorders and Their Relevance to Alcoholism," Hitzemann (2000) reports that, "Both fear and anxiety are alerting signals that warn the individual against impending danger and enable the individual to take defensive measures. For animals, the distinctions between fear and anxiety are vague" (p. 149). The distinctions between fear and anxiety are clearly irrelevant for humans who encounter such stressed animals, though.

According to Hodge and Stull (2000), dog bites cause an average of 17 human deaths, 6,000 hospitalizations, and 330,000 emergency room visits every year in the Untied States and a like number of people probably do not seek treatment or report the incident, but may nevertheless experience psychological trauma, anxiety, and missed work or school. Furthermore, dog bites continue to be a potential source of rabies infection that requires postexposure prophylaxis (Chang, Cohen, Hennon, LaPorte, & McMahon, 1997, cited in Hodge & Stull, 2000, p. 17). Dog bites, of course, are just one of a wide range of behavioral disorders that can result from fear and anxiety in…… [Read More]


Becker, M.G., Chew, G.L., Correa, J.C., Hoepner, L.A., Jusino, C.M., Kinney, P.L., Miller, R.L., & Perzanowski, M.S. (2003). Distribution and determinants of mouse allergen exposure in low-income New York City apartments. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(10), 1348.

Boone, J.S., & Tyler, J.W. (2001). Transferable residues from dog fur and plasma cholinesterase inhibition in dogs treated with a flea control dip containing chlorpyrifos. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(11), 1109.

Chang, Y., Cohen, J.H., Hennon, D.L., LaPorte, R.E., & McMahon, J.E. (1997). Dog bite incidence in the City of Pittsburgh: A capture-recapture approach. American Journal of Public Health, 87(10), 1703-5.

Duke, M.L., & Swain, J.L. (2001). Recommendations for research on ethics in public policy from a public administration perspective: Barking dogs and more. International Journal of Public Administration, 24(1), 125.
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Public Attention Drawn to Cruelty

Words: 2074 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36045776

In surveying the player's responses to Vick's situation, the journalists were bringing about public reaction to be evaluated to determine what direction to take their stories in. It demonstrated that,.".. survey respondents who experience difficulty answering questions respond differently to related subsequent questions than do those who do not experience such difficulty (JA, Effects of Survey)."

The story of animal abuse in dog fighting was one that caused polls to be taken to measure public opinion. That public opinion was in strong support of the animals that Vick had abused and used in an abusive manner. The journalistic tactic was one wherein the journalists used the opportunity for the public to speak out, to be heard, to participate in the outcome of Vick's legal proceedings as an incentive to be surveyed publicly. "In an effort to counter mounting problems of non-cooperation, survey organizations are increasingly offering incentives to respondents, sometimes before or during the first request for survey participation (JA Differential Incentives)." In other words, journalists needed the participation of both animal sport fighting supporters, and non-supporters alike. Therefore they created an incentive in getting those individuals to speak out publicly on the issue.

Public reaction to the Michael Vick…… [Read More]

Some animal lovers have attempted to deal with the problem of young people being indoctrinated into the sport of dog fighting by creating more social and legal ways to be entertained, and to compete. "Concerned by the increasing number of youths involved in dog fighting, former animal control officer Sue Sternberg decided to do something about it. In 2002, Sternberg started Lug-Nuts, a program that encourages inner-city teens to enter their dogs in weight-pulling competitions instead of fights (NG JA a Humane)."

Sternberg's efforts are interesting, and there should be research devoted to the outcomes she is experiencing in the program. "Within this context, this analysis is predominantly definitional, seeking to isolate the unique features of qualitative research (JA QRRC)."

As the Michael Vick legal processes unfold, we can expect to see and hear much more about the life and fate of the American Bull Terrier.
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Thomas Updike Compare Contrast the Fight for Life in

Words: 2865 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5862312

Thomas/Updike Compare/Contrast

The Fight for Life in Dylan Thomas' "Do not go gentle into that good night" and John Updike's "Dog's Death"

Death has proven to be an inspiration for many poets and has been written about throughout history. These poets look at death from differing perspectives and many have argued that it should be fought against while others are more submissive to the concept. In "Do not go gentle into that good night," written by Dylan Thomas (1951), and "Dog's Death," by John Updike (1993), take a stance that accepting death is unnatural and that a person or any living being should fight until the end. In "Do not go gentle into that good night," Thomas argues that death is something that should be fought against and that a person should only succumb to their end when he or she is ready. On the other hand, in "Dog's Death," Updike demonstrates that it is unnatural to give up and that living beings should fight until the very last. Dylan Thomas and John Updike have similar attitudes toward death, yet their respective poems depict the fight against death from different perspectives.

Dylan Thomas was born on October 27, 1914 in…… [Read More]


Coren, S. (20 September 2011). Do dogs feel pain the same way that humans do? Psychology

Today. Accessed 5 May 2012, from

Donne, J. (1633) "Death Be Not Proud." Accessed 5 May 2012, from 

Donne, J. (1633) "A Valediction: Forbidden Mourning." The Norton Anthology of English
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Court Opinion United States v

Words: 1054 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68000698

U.S.C. § 48 is not aimed at specific instances of animal cruelty, but specifically at the creation and distribution of depictions of such abuse for the purposes of interstate and/or foreign commerce. This is the act that the appellant was unarguably engaging in when apprehended by law enforcement, and the fact that the law is not aimed at those participating directly in acts of animal cruelty does not in and of itself create a constitutional objection.

The statutes specific mention of interstate commerce renders the appellant's claim that the constitutionality of the statute is in question due to a dependence on state definitions also moot. Not only were the acts depicted in the videos the appellant old to law enforcement agencies unquestionably illegal in all fifty states, but the federal government has a duty to regulate interstate commerce specifically because state definitions and regulations differ. Failing to regulate the interstate distribution of materials illegal in one or more affected states would be a failure of the federal government's constitutional duties.

Determining whether or not an act constitutes animal cruelty can also be achieved by a consensus of men of "common intelligence," as was the test used by this Court to…… [Read More]


FindLaw (2010a). NEW YORK v. FERBER, 458 U.S. 747 (1982). Accessed 14 January 2010.

FindLaw (2010b). CHAPLINSKY v. STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, 315 U.S. 568 (1942). Accessed 14 January 2010.
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Reality in The Lady With

Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47847723

The subtlety of their actions make their affair all the more romantic, because, set in the real world, who would consider the actions of two people committing adultery as romantic? Thus, a closer look at how love is given meaning by Dmitri and Anna opens the reader's eyes to the realization that one need not be verbalize or explicitly show his or her feelings in order to feel that love is present between two people. Thus, the author spared the readers any romantic words and dialogues, and provided them with incidents in the story that may seem trivial, yet significantly important to the lovers in the story. This is exemplified in the scene where the author narrates their rendezvous: "She was pale; she looked at him, and did not smile, and he had hardly come in when she fell on his breast. Their kiss was slow and prolonged, as though they had not met for two years..." The passage reflects the dominance of actions over words, and this was enough to make this incident in the story as real and romantic.

Chekhov's ability to put significance to human emotions and other elements that we humans consider as vital to living…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chekhov, a.E-text of "The Lady with the Dog." Available at: .
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Conflict Between Parents and Children

Words: 1073 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37278196

Conflicts Between Parents and Their Children: Amy Tan's "Two Kinds" and Mark Haddon's the Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time

We have all had our own squabbles with our parents, but in some cases it is a hard fight standing up against an oppressive parental force and establishing yourself as an individual. Yet, this is exactly what Jing-mei Woo and Christopher Boone do. In both Amy Tan's "Two Kinds and Mark Haddon's The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time, the growing teenage characters are being smothered by their oppressive single parents. Each one of them is being forced to play a role that is not truly meant for them; however, when each of them make a stand against that oppressive parental force, they are truly allowed to come into their own and establish themselves as an adult.

In Amy Tan's short story, "Two Kinds," the essential conflict is between a daughter and her obsessive mother. Jing-mei Woo is forced by her mother to take piano lessons and to excel at school. Her mother expects her to become a prodigy, the best at everything she puts her hands on. This puts an enormous amount of pressure on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Mark Haddon's The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. National Geographic Books. 2007.

Tan, Amy. "Two Kinds." WikiClassrooms. 2013. Web.
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Marketing Plan for Opening a

Words: 6854 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32314033

Likewise, McCain (2003) reports that, "The United States is a dog-loving nation. The American Veterinary Medical Association says about 36% of U.S. households own dogs, compared with 31% that own cats. The most popular breeds, the American Kennel Club says, are Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers and German shepherds" (2). According to the Southwest Boston Dog Owners' Group (2007), "The number of licensed dogs in Boston is 8,500; Animal Control estimates the total number of dogs in the city is 40,000" (Petition to Boston City Council and Mayor's office 4).

The results of the 2000 census of Boston showed that the city enjoys a healthy percentage of middle- to upper-middle class residents as shown in Table ____ below.

Table ____.

2000 Census Breakdown of Household Incomes in Boston.





Less than $10,000

10,000 to $14,999

15,000 to $24,999

25,000 to $34,999

35,000 to $49,999

50,000 to $74,999

75,000 to $99,999

100,000 to $149,999

150,000 to $199,999

200,000 or more

Median household income (dollars)

Source: Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000, Geographic Area: Boston city.

Figure ____. Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000, Geographic Area: Boston city.

Source: Based on tabular data in Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barker, Randolph T. (2005). "On the Edge or Not? Opportunities for Interdisciplinary Scholars in Business Communication to Focus on the Individual and Organizational Benefits of Companion Animals in the Workplace." The Journal of Business Communication 42(3):299.

Boston Housing Authority: Elderly & Disabled Housing Program Pet Policy. (October 1, 2000). Boston Housing Authority. [Online]. Available:

Dennick, Reg and Kate Exley. Small Group Teaching. New York: RoutledgeFalmer, 2004.

Goldberg, Jonah. (2002, December 9). "Man Bites Dog: The Axis of Evil Takes on Canines," National Review 54(23):37.
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Mixed Company by C Rucker

Words: 2204 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21454656

He wants to honor his dead wife, so he takes the dog along with him just as she did. This is perhaps the only gesture the father makes toward the dog. Throughout the poem, it appears as if the father is indifferent to the dog, if anything at all.

The paradox we encounter in the poem is if a dog can actually suffer from grief with the ultimate question resting on the notion of animals missing human beings. The most ironic aspect of this poem is how the dog appears to be suffering more than the father is. The poet does not go into the father's suffering at all, except to say that he refuses counseling. The meaning and primary idea behind the poem is that all creatures suffer loss whether or not they can express it in ways that humans might be able to understand. It took death for the poet's father to believe that an animal could experience anything such as separation anxiety. The poet approaches death from the perspective of an animal to emphasize that loss is a real feeling experienced by any creature that experienced anything like love. The tone of "Mixed Company" is somber -…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Rucker, C. "Mixed Company"
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Marketing Plan Over the Years

Words: 4993 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58320169

Grooming not only helps in zeroing in on external parasites and skin wounds, and does not allow fur to fall on furnishings, it also helps in spending a good quality time establishing a quality time with the feline friend. In case of shorthaired cats, one can use a metal comb which is fine-toothed on a weekly basis and a rubber brush or natural bristle to eliminate the traces of dead hairs. ("Grooming Cats," n. d.) ii) Price:

It is important to note that quality and price are the two most vital needs of a balanced marketing mix and hence either one in the absence of the other is most definitely to fail. At the time of fixing the pricing structure it has to be ensured that one squares off his overhead, including a profit and compare with other companies offering a same dog grooming service. In order to do this, one need to tune the pricing structure to attain the objectives at the time, a lot of alternatives are open before the groomer at the time of addressing this pricing issue. ("Marketing and Promoting a Dog Grooming Salon / Business," n. d.)

Loss leader: Under this, a strategy of lowering…… [Read More]


Kirsten, Jacob. (1995, Winter) "Costing and pricing information services" Fee for service, vol. 2, no. 1, pp: 1-7.

Middlebrooks, Britanny. (2007, Sep) "Pet love mobile dog grooming"

Retrieved 25 January, 2008 at

N.A. (2007) "Dog washing and grooming outside your home -wherever you live" Retrieved 25 January, 2008 at
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Pit Bulls The Bad Rep the American

Words: 1815 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78182444

Pit Bulls: The Bad Rep

The American Pit Bull -- also known as the American Staffordshire Terrier -- is a descendent of the muscular fighting dogs bred by the Molossi tribe of ancient Greece. Physically powerful and possessed of an intelligence that rendered them trainable, these ancient fighting dogs fought alongside their masters in territorial warfare over tribal lands. Between the years of 50 AD and 410 AD, it is believed that the Molossi dogs were sold and traded throughout Greece and crossbred to create the first breed of bulldog -- the American Pit Bull's immediate ancestor. While the Romans essentially used the dogs as canine gladiators in arena blood-sports, early Norman butchers used them to control unruly cattle. Later evolving into the horribly inhuman sport of "baiting," the dogs were trained to nip, herd, and essentially harass a bull for hours in a spectacle for the crowd.

After baiting was made illegal by the British Parliament in 1835, spectacle-hungry dog owners turned the dogs on each other, as well as on smaller animals such as rats, in a sport known as "ratting." As the dogs were now fighting smaller animals, dog owners began to crossbreed the bulldogs with terrier…… [Read More]


Best Friends Animal Society. (2011). The Vicktory Dogs. Retrieved February 25, 2011 from

Coile, C. (2001). Pit Bulls for Dummies. Indianapolis: Wiley Publishing, Inc.

Dog Breed Information Center. (2011). American Staffordshire Terrier. Retrieved February 25, 2011 from

Fleig, D. (1996). The History of Fighting Dogs. Neptune: TFH Publications.
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PR Class Tweeet Pie The 'Twecipe' Book

Words: 2118 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3491116

PR class

Tweeet Pie: the 'twecipe' book of 140-character recipes

Social Media Marketing has now become one essential ingredient of every business on fire, planning to serve community in most delicious way possible. Seemingly every big or small business can multiply its repute and sales drastically by employing social media techniques. Like the one brilliant step taken by UK cooker brand Belling, eager to reposition its name by grabbing attention of folks socializing on Twitter who love to cook and share their fun and interest with others worldwide.

The campaign was not just all about bringing in recipes of mouth watering treats in a short recipe book bearing the name of 'tweet pie', but its outstanding aspect was to limit the length of every recipe to 140 characters. This was the most engaging feature for twitter fans and audiences (Cooking up the twecipe book, 2011)

People were requested to tweet in their most quick and favorite recipes using the hashtag #TweetPie. The campaign ended up collecting over 200 'recipes' being submitted. That was not it yet, after that Umpf (PR and social media agency who carried out this campaign) got down to discovering the ideal illustrations for the book. Again,…… [Read More]


Cooking up the twecipe book. 2011. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from Brand e-biz:

David Von Drehle. 2009. Can Attack Dogs Be Rehabilitated? Retrieved March 13, 2012, from Time Magazine:,9171,1942950,00.html

Harrison, K. 2010. Setting goals and objectives makes your PR planning more effective. Retrieved March 13, 2012, from Cutting Edge PR: 

Independent, I. 2011. Tweet Pie: the 'twecipe' book of 140-character recipes. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from Belfasttelegraph Woman:
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Marketing Proposal Strategic Marketing Plan

Words: 1399 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50647761

A clean pet is usually a healthy and happy pet, and for a competitive rate, customers will be able to avail themselves of all of the traditional aspects of a dog grooming salon. One of the challenges of the Applied Research Project will be determining what other type of grooming services customers would like to access at the day care facility. For example, there are canine salons that offer upscale services like massages, conditioning treatments, and even cosmetic services like hair coloring. Market research will be essential in determining whether or not there is a serious marketplace for such services, and whether that market overlaps with the canine day care market or whether they are actually two different markets with two different customer bases.

In fact, a substantial amount of market research will be necessary to establish what services will be offered, the frequency of those services, and the price for those services. Some canine day care facilities have boutiques, in which they sell unique items, such as handmade pet beds, custom collars, and handmade doggie treats. Not only is research necessary to determine if there is a market for these items, but also to determine the best price range…… [Read More]