National Football League Essays

Filter results by:


View Full Essay

NFL Foundation Essay

Words: 3936 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26156103

Their activities and support of the foundation; enable the league to demonstrate a higher purpose which is of greater social value. (Ferriter)

In the majority of cases, the NFL is using the various high profile marketing events to illustrate the importance of sports in promoting various charity related events. The Super Bowl is the biggest event with it using the game as an avenue to help the community which is hosting it. At the same time, it is an avenue for helping to promote social responsibility. Evidence of this can be seen with Babiak & Wolfe (2006) saying, "The NFL is becoming progressively more invested in corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives in an effort to establish itself as a socially conscious organization, one based on the twin pillars of football and the community. As the proverbial jewel in the NFL's crown, the Super Bowl is an institution composed of many interlinked parts: the league, competing teams, corporate entities, governments, and nonprofit organizations. Increasingly, the NFL is investing its efforts around the Super Bowl on social issues and concerns in cities that host the event. It is more than just a game to the National Football League (NFL) and the communities that host it. Increasingly, organizing (host) commit- tees, nonprofit organizations, and local governments in cities that are awarded the game use the event as a catalyst to address pressing social issues. The opportunities that a mega-event such as the Super Bowl affords a community for hosting the game in terms of economic, social, and political benefits are considerable." (Babiak & Wolfe)

This is illustrating how the Super Bowl and different NFL games attract tremendous amounts of attention and publicity. The league will use these events as a platform to illustrate its social responsibility programs and the effects they are having on the communities. One way they are able to achieve these objectives, is through utilizing the event and different personalities to show how they are giving something back. The NFL Foundation is the primary way, the league is able to reach out and connect with a large variety of stakeholder through utilizing this approach. Over the course…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
"Community." NFL Foundation, 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. < >

"Kirk Cousins of Washington Redskins Says He'd 'Welcome' Gay Teammate: 'Nobody's Perfect." Huffington Post, 2014. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. < >
View Full Essay

Analyzing the NFL and Its Contributions to the American Society Essay

Words: 2060 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19636911

National Football League refers to professional football league based in the U.S. And forms the major professional football sport leagues in the U.S. The league comprises of the 32 teams that are divided equally between the American Football Conference and the National Football Conference. Formed in the 1920, the league has expanded to become one of the largest and most renowned football leagues across the world. The organization rewards its champions using three trophies and rewards that include the Brunswick-Balke Collender Cup (1920), Ed Thorp Memorial Trophy (1934-1969), and Vince Lombardi Trophy that is currently used. Organizational success is attributed to the excellent leadership structure that aims at ensuring the adoption of activities that contribute to the realization of the desired organizational objectives (Layden, 2006).

Structure of the essay

This research paper analyzes various issues related to the National Football League. In specific, it describes the nature, structure, products, and services provided by the organization alongside its salient stakeholders basing on its roles and relationships with the company. The paper also explains the various ways in which the stakeholders influence the performance of the organization, controversial social responsibility concerns of the organization alongside a plan of a coalition force for addressing organizational controversial issue. In addition, it describes the potential challenges I might face as a leader trying to face while encouraging stakeholders to form a coalition for solving the identified issue.

Nature, structure, products, services, and external factors that influence the performance of the National Football League (NFL)

The National Football League is an American football league that operates as a football league in both the United States and international arenas. The National Football Team comprises of 32 teams that have structures that vary from one team to another. The evidence that the general managers, head coaches, and the owners operate the teams attest the significant variation witnessed across the components of the National Football League. Organizational analysis shows that it contains three officers (defined) that include its commissioner, the secretary, and the treasurer of the organization. A president heads each of the organizational conference. The commissioner plays the responsibility of appointing the treasurer and secretary who handles organizational issues such…… [Read More]

Bass, T. (2007). National Football League: between the lines reader. New York: Scholastic.

Hancock, J. (2005). Investing in corporate social responsibility: a guide to best practice, business planning & the UK's leading companies. London: Kogan Page.
View Full Essay

Is Roger Goodell Competent to Reform the NFL's Policies Essay

Words: 1097 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47936652

NFL and Decision Making

The National Football League (NFL), probably the most popular and richest sports league in America, has been in the news a lot lately. The issues involving the NFL have not been about football per se -- and about what teams are dominant early in the season -- but rather about wrongdoing by football players and incompetence and poor decision-making by the commissioner of the NFL, Roger Goodell. This paper reviews the domestic violence issues that have made headlines over the past few weeks and months, and the wrongheaded attempt at leadership the public has witnessed from the commissioner.

A History of Lenience by the NFL

It was April, 2007, and in the previous season more than 50 NFL players had been arrested for various crimes, so Commissioner Roger Goodell got tough on these players by instituting a "newly stringent personal conduct policy" (Pennington, et al., 2014). Goodell insisted that he could handle the wave of criminal activity by players himself, and that was installing himself as "…the judge and jury presiding over every case" (Pennington, p. 1). Goodell was quoted saying, "It is my job -- not law enforcement's job -- to protect the National Football League," however the offenses the commissioner was ruling over were drug use or driving while intoxicated, Pennington explains. Moreover, eyebrows were raised because Goodell was taking all these matters onto his own shoulders and not forming a committee to mete out punishment, or even bringing in other respected leaders to help him.

Goodell's major blind spot was domestic violence, and according to The New York Times, players often were punished more for marijuana use or drunken driving arrests than they were for domestic violence. An example that Pennington offers is quite dramatic: a Packer linebacker, Erik Walden, was arrested for assaulting his live-in girlfriend. After the police reduced the charge to "disorderly conduct" (and dismissed that charge), then handed Walden 50 hours of community service, Goodell gave Walden a one-game suspension. Meanwhile, eight weeks earlier Bengal receiver Jerome Simpson was busted with two and a half pounds of marijuana, and Goodell suspended Simpson for three games.

Therein is one of the major inconsistencies in terms of judgment by Goodell. A player is given a one game suspension for brutally attacking a woman, but a player getting arrested for marijuana is suspended for three games. Hence, the impression was that…… [Read More]

Boitnott, J. (2014). 5 Mistakes by Roger Goodell Every Entrepreneur Should Avoid. Inc.

Retrieved September 23, 2014, from .
View Full Essay

NFL Overtime Rule the NFL Essay

Words: 1663 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56510636

Justification is an important part of the game and a number of fans say that if a team's defense cannot stop the opposite team from launching a drive into the end zone, they are worthy of being given the loss. In spite of everything, it could have just as simply gone the other way. Unmistakably it is to a team's difficulty to misplace the coin toss and have to deal with catastrophic consequences in case they fail, but supporters of defensive football claim that it is a genuine way to decide the game. The NCAA and the CFL work in the perfect way, according to followers of equal-opportunity overtime; every team is arranged an equal number of possessions ahead of the winner being determined. If, though the primary team to have the ball scores and the second team does not, it is game over. In case the first team does not score and the second team does, after that it is game over. However, if both teams score, they do it once more. Nevertheless is it common sense to have the first team score, say 'Well, that is it!' And just finish the game? A lot of people would say no.

Works… [Read More]

Easton, S., & Rockerbie, D. Overtime! Rules and Incentives in the National Hockey League. Journal of Sports Economics, Vol6, 2005.

Fort, Rodney and James Quirk. Optimal Competitive Balance in a Season Ticket League Working Paper. 2009. Print.
View Full Essay

Equipping for the Future National Essay

Words: 852 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72161874

Selecting diverse staff members who are technically astute with a command of world languages and cultures will make NOV a company for the 21st, not simply the 20th century and ensure that the company does not become left behind in an environmentally conscious global environment.

NOV's approach to training was similarly far-thinking and far-reaching as its recruiting efforts. Eschewing specialization, it tried to create a leadership team with a thorough knowledge base of every facet of the company. The chosen new managers spent an entire year rotating different jobs, almost like a doctor has a residency in different facets of medicine, to broaden his or her area of expertise. Talent management itself is a many-layered process at NOV. The 'old boys club' of a relatively small number of homogeneous management staff had been expanded by the recruiting and training effort. The mentoring received by the candidates during their orientation year ensured that a consistent company philosophy was still infused into every segment of the organization. Finally, after the one-year rotation, NOV created a final 'draft' process modeled on the National Football League (NFL) in which each business unit recruited specific members.


NOV considers its program to be successful, given its high retention rate of 90%, well above the norm for the industry. Through careful screening and training, candidates with a commitment to the NOV who are a good fit for the company culture are selected and oriented to the organization. However, one problem with NOV may be raised through in final phase of 'drafting' candidates. The one year training process tries to orient candidates into the firm as a whole, and tries to make each candidate see every aspect of the company as equally important. But then the NFL 'draft' pits different business units against one another, each jockeying for the top candidates.

Furthermore, the draft might also encourage candidates to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Regulation of the NFL From Essay

Words: 10136 Length: 34 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85830645

On the other hand, we might be able to "incubate" a cable network by playing a Thursday night series of cable games, and such a network could be a long-run success that would strengthen our product as well." (Tagliabue, 2004)

Tagliabue states that prior to proceeding with a new package it is necessary to ensure that this new package is based on "sound television premises and that it is structured to complement our other television packages rather than to cannibalize our Sunday and Monday night audiences and move us down the road to commoditization. As previously mentioned, commoditization is ultimately very negative in a 400-channel universe, and the challenge we face is how to balance the need for revenue and viewers to ensure the long-run success of our sport. In theory, greater revenues are available from cable television, which is both advertiser and subscriber supported, than from broadcast television, which is only ad-supported, but despite cable channels' gains in viewership over the years; more viewers are still available from traditional broadcast television." (2004)

The third stated consideration is the NFL's ownership structure and Tagliabue states that there are some unique rules which include "...debt ceiling limits and clear limitations in terms of how teams can be financially structured with debt and equity. We are the only league that continues to prohibit companies with outside business interests from owning teams. Teams must be owned by individuals, corporations, or LLCs that are owned by individuals. For many years, in order to ensure that owners were football-focused, we even prohibited owners from owning teams in other sports leagues. (Now we allow our owners to own teams only in other sports leagues in their own community, but for both governance reasons and others, we do not allow an NFL owner to own a team in a community served by another NFL owner's club.) We have a governance structure that requires all decisions to be made by a three-fourths vote of our membership. Whether we are voting on a playing rule, on a new owner, or on some of the most fundamental economic decisions that affect the long-term future of the sport, it takes a three-fourths consensus and vote of the membership to be adopted as League policy." (Tagliabue, 2004)

Tagliabue states that the NFL spends a great deal of time considering the structure of the NFL and that…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Premier League to Bolster Finance Rules (2009) sportbusiness International. Brand and Marketing. 12 May 2009. Online available at:

Tagliabue, Paul (2004) The Business of Football. Executive Policy Seminar Series. Capital Markets Research Center. Georgetown University. Online available at:

Tesone, Dana V., Platt, Alan, Alexakis, George (2005) Collapsing Stakeholder Groups: Insights Into Professional Sports Organizations and Competitive Positioning. The Journal of Applied Business Research. Vol. 21 No. 2. Spring 2005. Online available at:
View Full Essay

Clean Hits The NFL and Essay

Words: 1618 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83823168

In that case, the NFL will, naturally, take the position that if they do not want to be included in a profit-making activity, the NFL will gladly take the profits without them. Whether this is truly collusion is perhaps the decision of the individual to whom the thought strikes; but certainly it seems to appear as collusion when in fact it is not by any means deliberately collusive. Players' claims notwithstanding, it is very unlike the NFL to procure less-than-maximum television revenues simply because they must split them with another group; in fact it goes contrary to all other signs that the NFL shows and actions that it takes.

I do not like Roger Goodell, the Commissioner of the NFL -- who does?

-- but it is not in my interests to claim that he is overseeing an organization characterized by collusion when in reality it is clean in that regard. That the NFL is a wealthy industry and that the owners have more than the players -- more money, more education, more culture, and hence more resources to draw on -- is well beyond dispute. That it pursues strong-arm tactics and is not clean as a whistle is likewise more or less apparent to the careful (or even the not-so-careful) observer. But those two descriptions -- they surely do not confirm claims of any specific wrongdoing, and especially not of collusion.

The difference between a strike and a lockout is that a strike is declared by the players and a lockout is performed by the owners, who "lock the players out" of their facilities.

(Accessed May 7, 2011)

(Accessed May 7, 2011)

(Accessed May 7, 2011);_ylt=AtNjIFKU9CFpH5IiIBZnYy_.uLYF?year=2009

(Accessed May 9, 2011)

(Accessed May 9, 2011);_ylt=AmSIMv1NcfJaacFLpJE.HyH.uLYF

(Accessed May 9, 2011)… [Read More]


(Accessed May 9, 2011)
View Full Essay

American Sports of NFL and NBA and Their Influence in Popular Culture Essay

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70386722

Sports and popular culture (NFL/NBA)


Pop Culture

Popular culture entails all forms of mass communication such as:





Books and Cartoons and comics


It is somewhat different compared to higher forms of cultural art such as:

Classical music


Conventional theatre

In terms of mass communication, popular culture means messages which are intellectually and artistically limited primarily designed to entertain and humor the viewers (Hollander, 2014). Following the industrial revolution, the people had a lot of time to spare which led to a huge demand for entertainment and amusement and gave height to media. The increasing supply of goods also made it necessary for the advertisers to attract the consumers and mass media could reach a large number of audiences at the same time (Hollander, 2014).


The physical activities have always been in the life of human beings in the form of different leisure activities. These activities consisted of hunting and war-like nature as well as dancing and other activities. The romans admired games that had gladiatorial and military effect to them while the Greeks loved the human body and its beauty. Later on in the Middle Ages, they had religious festivals and knight tournaments (The Concept of Sport and Physical Education, 2011). Sports are mostly an indoor or outdoor activity that is played by a set of rules. different people have different opinion about sports among which some consider it as beating their opponents while other take it as an exercise and improving mental and physical skills along with relaxation. Sport provides people with good health, enjoyment, satisfaction, happiness, fitness and success while others might consider them to be a case of sorrow, exhaustion, illness and injuries (The Concept of Sport and Physical Education, 2011). Schools in America developed their athleticism in the nineteenth century and during that time, several institutions related to sports had also come forward. Proper teacher with committed goals came forward and a lot of activities were sponsored by the schools (The Concept of Sport and Physical Education, 2011).

Sports in Popular Culture

Since the late 19th century, fast forward to today, college and professional sports have been instrumental in binding the nation together on the whole, redefining and establishing American identity from the scratch to the political level, the media (all forms) and Hollywood movies. A country which has seen fresh waves of immigrants from time to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Change Management in the NFL Essay

Words: 8314 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85473156

Leadership and Organizational Change Potential in the NFL

Organizational Problem or Opportunity

Description of the Problem or Opportunity

Purpose of the Investigation



Summary of Section Highlights

Problem or Opportunity Background

• Current State of the Target Organization

• Relevant Organizational Processes or Systems or Functions

• Relevant Theory

Risk Management

Organizational Change

Lewin's Change Management Model

McKinsey 7-S Model

Kotter's 8 Step Change Model


Corporate Social Responsibility

Investigative Steps

Investigative Approach and Design Strategies

• Investigative Approach

• Theory Thread Strategies

• Data Collection and Preparation Strategies

Investigation Parameters or Limitations


Findings of the Investigation


Relevant Analysis

Overall Findings: A Synthesis


Interpretation and Recommendations 34

Organizational Implications 34

Recommendations 34

• Implications for Decision Makers 35

• Future Research 35

Summary 36… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Major League Football Teams Essay

Words: 1459 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55337928

league football teams with higher salaries win more frequently than other teams?

The wages of football players have risen noticeably over thirteen fold for the highest paid player from the season that ended in 1985 to that which ended in 2011. This improvement together with the mutually beneficial relationship between the sport and media has brought about an interesting field that has attracted academic scholars to do research on the impacts between different amounts of salaries and its influence on personal and team performance. (Fullard, 2012)

The matter of remunerations of professional players has always attracted public interest for a long time. There are many non-academic reading materials on the issue of salaries of professional players. Remunerations have shifted for the better from 1950's into the 21st century. Research has been done on different kinds of sports to find out the relationship between wages and performance. The most used model for these studies has been the tournament theory; however opposing outcomes have been noted in other studies on hockey. This particular paper examines wage allocation and its link to personal and team performance amongst National Football League (NFL) clubs. (Fullard, 2012)


The Teams that give higher remunerations for their players will win more times than the other teams.

Approach of the study

Research has been done on personal and team performance and its link to the athletes' wages; the findings from these studies showed that there were several contradictions. The recurring link amongst the 4 studies is that the information used was gathered from seasons that the national football league did not employ a salary limit/cap. Thus there is a gap that must be filled by determining athlete salaries in terms of the salary limit. This paper will utilize data from the season NFL put in place a salary cap. (Fullard, 2012)

Literature review

In sports the American football is classified as based on progressive interdependence. A research done by Mondello and Maxcy (2009) determined if team performance was bolstered or increased when the team had an enticing pay structure (hierarchical) or just…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Kurt Warner NFL Christian and Essay

Words: 779 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92971226

Today, when they go out to eat it is not unusual for the Warners to pay for the meal of another family in a restaurant, to show their seven young children the value of charity (Battista 2010). Warner has also unapologetically proclaimed his devout Christian faith throughout his long career, crediting God with his success. This has earned him the respect of even his non-believing teammates.

Brenda, a former Marine, is known for being a strict yet loving parent. The Warners are determined to instill humble Midwestern values in their children: one reason that Warner's faith is accorded such respect is because of his sincerity and lack of hypocrisy. Before every meal, the family prays, and children must obey certain rules such as "after ordering at a restaurant, be able to tell Mom the server's eye color," and "throw away your trash at the movie theater and stack plates for the server at restaurants" (Crouse 2008).

After retirement, Warner will continue to work for the many charities that he has supported in the past, including Habitat for Humanity and the Special Olympics. Warner "believes that his career has gone the way it has for a reason, that he was meant to help people on a wider field than a football field. The test of that is not when things are going well, but when they are going badly. 'What I saw during the period where the football part kind of got taken away from me was that I was probably more effective for God during that time than I ever was when I was on top,' Warner said (Zinser 2004). After regaining his success, Warner has continued to try to do good works in the community, and will pursue and expand his charitable efforts in the future.… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Battista, Julia. (2010, January 10). Cardinal's Warner walks away after 12 improbable years.

The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2010 from
View Full Essay

NFL Retirement Benefits Issues and Essay

Words: 2086 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16664641


Furthermore, ERISA issues aside, according to Linda Sanchez (D-California), "It concerns me when those who work hazardous jobs don't get the care they deserve, whether a coal miner, tire factory worker or football player... " referring to the questionnaire distributed to the NFLPA requesting medical data pertaining to their retirees, she said, "I look forward to timely responses to our questions so we can determine what steps might be necessary that those who made football great aren't neglected."13

AP, 2007

Carpenter, 2007


Professional football is, by all accounts, a violent sport whose participants frequently suffer significant physical injuries on the playing field. Because of the nature, frequency, and intensity of the collisions inherent to the game, especially at the professional level, the effects of football injuries often persist long after retirement. Most insidious are the cumulative effects of repeated cerebral concussions, only recently identified as a specific injury when they occur, especially with regard to the delayed after-effects of some of those collisions.

The recent deaths of several high-profile retired former NFL stars at relatively early ages and the disclosure of the debilitating physical condition of others have increased attention to the need to improve retirement benefits. In particular, the documented causal connection between postconcussion syndrome, early-onset dementia afflicting several 1960 and 1970-era NFL stars have inspired changes in medical benefits provided by the NFLPA, but overall, retirement benefits available to NFL retirees still pales in comparison to those available to retirees in other professional sports like NBA basketball and major league baseball players.

In 2007, the U.S. Congress addressed the situation and recently issued questionnaires requiring relevant information from the NFL and the NFLPA to ascertain the truth pertaining to various accusations of violation of federal retirement benefit law, and resolution of some type seems to be on the horizon. Ultimately, what NFL retirees are asking for is simply…… [Read More]

Associated Press. 10/24/07 NFL Adds $10 Million to Medical Fund, Latest Step in Dispute Concerning Retirees and Pensions. Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from CBSonline at

Associated Press. 5/31/07-35 NFL Players Qualify for Dementia-Alzheimer's Assistance Retrieved, November 3, 2007, from FoxNews Web site, at,2933,276617,00.html
View Full Essay

Player Restraints in Professional Sports Essay

Words: 3014 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30447372


National Football League (NFL) free agency and player mobility restrictions

Sports have managed to become gradually a lucrative business, which has seen to the interest by investors to protect this business. Team owners, who are the main stakeholders, have imposed rather extreme measures or approaches to protect their teams from supposed manipulation from their players. Through the NFL, team owners have imposed the mobility restrictions on the players to retain them and generate revenue from the players, and subsequently retain them in the team.

The intention of the study is to critique relevant literatures on the topic, and provide credible data about the aspects of NFL, free agency and mobility restrictions on players.


This study relied on prior literatures. The search strategy employed used terms such as "NFL and mobility restrictions on players" to find relevant studies. The main exclusion imposed in the studies is the literatures submitted by students, for example, dissertations and thesis.


It is apparent that information from the studies suggests that the team owners generate revenue at the expense of their players. The main and consistent suggestion from most of them is that there is a need of free agency to ensure that players can choose their teams of choice. In addition, cases or litigation in the ordinary courts have found out that the mobility restrictions are extreme, and they cannot ensure a professional association among the players and the team owners. In addition, the dispute between NFL and NFLPA about the issue is the longest in history.


The studies show consistency that free agency is the superlative way to guarantee that there is competition in the market. In addition, team owners should give the players a chance to earn what they deserve. Moreover, even the court has come out to justify the players' concerns in relation to the exploitative nature of the mobility restrictions on players. A particular study justifies the "Franchise Player" adopted by NFL, suggesting that it has the capacity to reduce the high costs involved in the negotiation. However, the approach is still restrictive.

National Football League (NFL) Free Agency and Player Mobility Restrictions

Problem Statement

Sports have evolved to become a lucrative business venture, which has seen…… [Read More]

Chalian, S.C. (2012). Fourth and goal: Player restraints in professional sports, a look back and a look ahead. St. John's Law Review, 3(7), 1-46.

Depken, C. (2000). Wage disparity and team productivity: Evidence from Major League baseball. Economic Letters 67:87 -- 92.
View Full Essay

Legal Structure and Management of a National Level Sporting Organization Essay

Words: 2976 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85378424

Legal Structure and Management of a National Level Sporting Organisation

Sports activities in the world today are becoming more popular and are attracting huge crowd. This is one of the reasons that have made sponsors to come in so as to help such clubs that are not able to support themselves financially. Through sponsoring, the sponsor is able to market and advertise its products within the stadium where the club is playing among other benefits. It is worth noting that sports are viewed as a means of income to each stakeholder including the players. Essendon football club has made Australia to be known worldwide because of the good performance the club has exhibited over the years.

Essendon Football Club is rated as a dynamic world class club in the Australian sporting arena. The success and competitiveness of the club is dependant on its set legal structure and proper management that foresees its functioning among its members. A stringent analysis is carried out by the club and all the proposed approvals are considered for the future success of Essendon Football Club as these will facilitate the process of retaining its image and position in the sporting industry of Australia (Lloyd, 2011). This in turn guarantees the club its prosperity and competiveness at all the levels of the industry. The paper focuses on the legal structure of the club, its governance procedures and that of the election system put in place for the office bearers. It also addresses other issues that affect the performance of the club in its performance program. It is evident that the above aspects play a crucial role in the overall operation of the club. This will enable the club to point out the departments that are working towards attaining the set objectives and also those who are derailing the performance process among its loyal members.

The paper will try to look at the election…… [Read More]

Books, H. 2011. Articles on Essendon Football Club Including: List of Essendon Football Club, Honours, Anzac Day Class. America, AM: Hephaestus Books.

Bools, L., & LLC, G.B. 2010. Essendon Football CLub: Essendon Football Club, List of Essendon Football CLub Honours. United States, U.S.: General Books LLC.
View Full Essay

Sociology and Sports Essay

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62554587


American football is a professional sport that was derived from the game of Rugby by Walter Camp in 1879 (Bellis). Walter played football at Yale University where he attended college. He was involved in developing the football rules as we know them today. The rules of football were taken from the sports of Rugby and Soccer. Football has grown into a sport that is widely viewed and attended in the American society. Today, people go to football games at middle schools, high schools, and college stadiums. The college games have become professional games that are attended and viewed through media by millions of fans across the American nation.

The rules that were adopted and changed included; one side, or team, retained the undisputed possession of the ball until that side gives up the ball as a result of violations. The line of scrimmage was also created. The number of team members on the playing field changed from 15 members to 11. Walter created the quarterback and the center positions. The forward pass was also implemented as well as numerical scoring. Walter created the safety, interference, penalties, and the neutral zone. Tackling as low as the knee was permitted starting in 1888. A touchdown increased in value to six points and field goals decreased to three points starting in 1912. The National Football League (NFL) was formed in 1920 for professional college teams.

Football fans today range from about 18-64 in age and are both male and female. They come from all walks of life and are equal mixes of all the races. Most of the fans have been to college. They live in urban and suburban cities. The players are of different races as well. They are male that range in age from 19 to about 50. They have been to college and live in urban areas. A lot of the players have also…… [Read More]

Bellis, M. (n.d.). History of Football. Retrieved from Inventors:

Ormeland, B. (2012, July 10). NFL Dynasties and Hall of Famers. Retrieved from Sports Central: 
View Full Essay

HR Problem in Organization Essay

Words: 551 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96857827

National Football League (NFL) is a powerful organization that has become embedded in American culture. The 2013 Super Bowl, the culminating event for the 2012-2013 season, captured more television viewers than any other televised event ever. Professional football is big business that brings billions of dollars in revenues to many different businesses worldwide. The NFL is primarily an entertainment outlet that relies on public opinion and massive sponsorship to maintain its powerful status within the business world.

There are many reasons therefore that the NFL stays conscious of public opinion as the fickle tastes of its consumers may drift if certain expectations are not met. In 2003 the NFL, facing the threat of many potential lawsuits, enacted what has become known as the Rooney Rule. This rule, named after the owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers Dan Rooney, mandated that for all coaching and general managing job openings a minority candidate had, at a minimum receive an interview for those positions. Teams that disregarded this rule may be assessed a fine. This program is the NFL's version of affirmative action being played out in a media-promoted business sector that has far reaching implications.

Unfortunately, the Rooney Rule has fallen under much scrutiny since its inception and the threats that caused its formation are again presenting themselves. Minority hiring in the NFL, after a brief bump in the early years of the rule's enforcement, has dropped off and many of the same complaints are beginning to resurface. There is belief amongst minority players, former minority coaches and fans everywhere that the Rooney Rule has not done enough to ensure a level playing field within the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Athletic Training Whether to Win Marathons or Essay

Words: 2909 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85890629

Athletic Training

Whether to win marathons or to make it to the state football championships, all athletes need some form of training. Lately, increased focus has been placed on the specific importance of weight, or strength, training for the overall conditioning of a casual or professional athlete. The terms "weight training" and "strength training" are technically different, but often the two terms are often used interchangeably. Typically, weight training implies the use of materials such as barbells, dumbbells, and specialized machines, whereas strength training also employs isometric or callisthenic exercises like push-ups and sit-ups. An athletic conditioning regime will generally incorporate aspects of both weight and strength training and therefore the terms can be easily used interchangeably. Much physiological research has focused on the efficacy of weight training on the performance and physical conditioning of athletes. Weight training programs can be tailor-made for an individual depending on his or her goals, and the sports he or she plays. Today, most coaches and athletic trainers will advise some type of strength training for their clients. Strength and weight training, when applied properly, go a long way toward improving the well-being, specific strength, endurance, power, and performance of any athlete and therefore should be an integral part of most comprehensive athletic training programs, with few exceptions.

The types of weight or strength training used will vary depending on the goals of the individual. A center guard for a football team will want a much more rigorous regime, with a goal of more muscle bulk, than a marathon runner will. Marathon runners should be more concerned with endurance than strength to begin with, but improving muscular strength in the legs and thighs can immensely improve performance. Therefore, even when muscle bulk is not desirable, strength training can be an integral part of any training program.

The degree to which football coaches and trainers employ personalized strength and weight training regimens varies depending on the background and preferences of the trainer and that of his or…… [Read More]

Barwis, Mike, Director of Strength and Conditioning, West Virginia University, Personal Interview, 15, June, 2005.

Bauer, G. (1996). B.F.S. isn't (a) H.I.T. Coach and Athletic Director, 65(8), 70-73.
View Full Essay

Sports Marketing Essay

Words: 4268 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16731856

Sports Marketing

NFL or the 'National Football league' as it is referred to, is America's pride and cause for the inculcation of the inherent patriotic spirit in the heart of the American. The NFL conducts football games as a part of the tradition every year, and every year Americans gather at the stadium where patriotism is at its height and nationalistic fervor is at its peak. In the game that was conducted on September 24, 2001, soon after the attack on the World Towers by an Islamic militant group that left more than thousands dead and severely injured, the national spirit was at its ultimate peak, and the Americans gathered there underwent heightened emotions and feelings, and this was the time when pamphlets were distributed among the audience with the words of the 'Star Spangled Banner', and the 'God Bless America', and 'America the Beautiful'. Small American flags, almost a million of them in number, were also brought to the stadium to be distributed among the audience. There were a lot of tears and memories of the injured and the dead in the attacks were brought up and shared among the large number of people gathered there. (Patriotism abounds as NFL makes emotional return)

The Super Bowl can be said to be a game where patriotic fervor is brought to the forefront, and herein lays the marketing strategy of the NFL. Every year, the Super Bowl offers marketers the opportunity to learn more about marketing strategies from studying the advertising strategies and the players and also the various coordinators of the game. For example, the Super Bowl XXXVI that took place, as part of the games played under the National football League was a very good example of the packaging of the 'patriotic' theme by the advertisers and the marketers of the game. This was a game where American patriotism was supported by large groups of people, and this included people from the various departments like that of police, the armed services department, the fire department, as well as the interviews conducted with the troops that have been posted in Afghanistan.…… [Read More]

"CBS, Fox clash over the marketing of NFL packages" (30 October, 2003) Retrieved From Accessed on 24 December, 2004

Collinsworth, Cris. "Celebrations about Marketing, not Team" Retrieved From
View Full Essay

Steroid Use Controversies of the Essay

Words: 5176 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32219224

e., their use of anabolic steroids (and whether they had ever been offered steroids), their involvement in power sports, appearance and eating problems, and problem behavior. Background information about the participants included their degree of urbanization, parental socioeconomic status and the region to which they belonged.

Analyses of the study's results show that the prevalence of steroid use among Norwegian youth was lower (lifetime use was 0.8% and 12 months prevalence was 0.3%) than in several other Western societies such as the U.S. (2.5% to 7%) and in Australia, Canada, Sweden and South Africa (2% to 3.5%). It also showed that AAS use was first and foremost associated with problem behavior (i.e., drug [marijuana] involvement and aggressive-type conduct problems). Its relation with power sports and appearance came in at second and third place respectively.

The study is, therefore, significant in highlighting the hitherto largely ignored area of problem behavior in steroid use. A major limitation of the study is that Norwegian youth behavior may not co-relate with that of other Western countries.

Athletes and Steroids: Playing a Deadly Game (1987)

This is a general article about steroid use by Miller (1987) that gives an overview of the history of steroids, the people who use or abuse the drug, the side effects of steroid abuse, why people continue to use steroids despite being aware of their ill effects, and what measures are being taken by the authorities to curb steroid abuse. The article also goes on to explain how anabolic steroids act on the bodies of men and women to produce some of the commonly known side effects.

The author opines that the intense Cold War rivalry between the Russians and the U.S. In the 1950s was largely responsible for the widespread abuse of steroids that has proliferated into the present day problem. This was because both Cold War rivals wanted to excel each other in every field, including sports, in order to prove the superiority of their…… [Read More]

Admissions before BALCO grand jury detailed." (2004, December). Retrieved on November 1, 2005 at

Anabolic Steroid Abuse." (2000, April). National Institute on Drug Abuse: Research Report Series. Retrieved on November 1, 2005 at
View Full Essay

Why Is Emmitt Smith Important to Our Culture Essay

Words: 3449 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4441398

Emmitt Smith


I have been a big fan of the Dallas Cowboys and especially Emmitt Smith for many years. For example, one of the most difficult moments in my appreciation of sports occurred when the Dallas Cowboys released Smith and he ended up on a lackluster Arizona Cardinals. This was after he had just surpassed the late great Walter Payton to become the number one rushing running back in the history of the National Football League. "They are the two most punitive judgments that can be handed down for a running back: Too small, too slow. And yet that was the harsh assessment of Emmitt Smith, 5-foot-9 and 199 pounds, by the pro-scouts although he was an All-American at Florida. That same Emmitt Smith who skittered and stutter-stepped his way past the NFL rushing record held by his idol, Walter Payton, and finished with 18,355 yards." (Schwartz) There are some who say that he is only a football player and that should certainly not lay a foundation of any significance in our culture. But, this essay aims to prove otherwise -- Emmitt Smith is and should continue to be a cultural icon for his many achievements.

When an individual, including artists, politicians, athletes or whatever, can be seen or considered to be the very best in the world at their particular event or thing and that thing is legal, socially acceptable and a positive addition to the overall betterment of society and the masses, then that individual most certainly deserves the recognition of his or her community. "While sports aren't necessarily fair, we can still take heart in the many exceptions to the rule. The truly outstanding athlete always fights his way to the top, no matter what the odds, inspiring us with his courage and determination." (Sands) Consider athletes such as Lance Armstrong, Tiger Woods, Nadia Comaneci and of course Emmitt Smith; these individuals have all achieved a level of greatness that can only be equated to the likes of other greats like Van Gogh, Bill Gates or Bill Clinton.

They all were the best…… [Read More]

Edensor, Tim. National Identity, Popular Culture and Everyday Life. Oxford: Berg, 2002.

Gonzalez, John. "Smith Blarney." Dallas Observer October 17 (2002): Retrieved on 22 Apr. 2005, from .