¶ … league football teams with higher salaries win more frequently than other teams?
The wages of football players have risen noticeably over thirteen fold for the highest paid player from the season that ended in 1985 to that which ended in 2011. This improvement together with the mutually beneficial relationship between the sport and media has brought about an interesting field that has attracted academic scholars to do research on the impacts between different amounts of salaries and its influence on personal and team performance. (Fullard, 2012)
The matter of remunerations of professional players has always attracted public interest for a long time. There are many non-academic reading materials on the issue of salaries of professional players. Remunerations have shifted for the better from 1950's into the 21st century. Research has been done on different kinds of sports to find out the relationship between wages and performance. The most used model for these studies has been the tournament theory; however opposing outcomes have been noted in other studies on hockey. This particular paper examines wage allocation and its link to personal and team performance amongst National Football League (NFL) clubs. (Fullard, 2012)
The Teams that give higher remunerations for their players will win more times than the other teams.
Approach of the study
Research has been done on personal and team performance and its link to the athletes' wages; the findings from these studies showed that there were several contradictions. The recurring link amongst the 4 studies is that the information used was gathered from seasons that the national football league did not employ a salary limit/cap. Thus there is a gap that must be filled by determining athlete salaries in terms of the salary limit. This paper will utilize data from the season NFL put in place a salary cap. (Fullard, 2012)
In sports the American football is classified as based on progressive interdependence. A research done by Mondello and Maxcy (2009) determined if team performance was bolstered or increased when the team had an enticing pay structure (hierarchical) or just a salary-based pay structure (compressed).
The scholars studied the remuneration structures of the NFL clubs form the year 2000 to 2007. A sum total of two hundred and...
The researchers also employed a 2 factor fixed effects structure, which included random and fixed impacts. The conclusion was that salary distribution had an important positive influence on the team's field performance. On the contrary, Frick et al. (2003) determined that there was no direct relationship between wage inequality and a team's on-field performance in their observation of the National Football league. (Fullard, 2012)
Academic materials both old and recent have stressed the rise in salary inequality in the National Football league since the institution of the hard salary limit in the year 1994. The literature also elaborates on the link between salary distribution and the team performance in order to comprehend the dynamics of an optimal salary distribution structure (Winsberg, 2015)
Utilizing statistics for all the 32 National Football League clubs in the 2010 through 2014 seasons available at the NFL Players' Association (NFLPA.org), USAToday.com, Over the Cap (overthecap.com), and ianwhetstone.com. I possess the entire salary cap information for all the clubs and all the seasons, each athlete that was paid a salary or received a bonus is included. For every individual athlete I have the statistics including the position on the field, wages, contract signing amount, and all bonuses, how these bonuses were paid back each season, which kinds of bonuses these were, the "limit value" of each athlete. The salaries are normalized using the 2014 dollars to mitigate the effects of inflation, additionally the amounts have been arranged in millions of dollars to design more comprehendible variables. Just from observation of the statistics, one can easily identify that there are huge disparities amongst clubs and the amounts they spend on each group of athletes. (Haugen, 2004)
To determine wage inequality and the disparity in the data Gini coefficients are utilized. This paper employs Gini coefficients to contrast clubs and the positional remuneration disparities against the NFL mean. A coefficient of zero means perfect competition while that of one means maximum inequality between the statistics. Therefore a low Gini score represents an equal pay structure while a high Gini score signifies a more superstar pay structure (Winsberg, 2015)
Of course, in recent years, this power has been diluted somewhat thanks to the rise of collective bargaining. Nonetheless, the fact that for so many years baseball has been characterized as a game rather than interstate commerce worked to the benefit of the industry as a whole. If the exemption were repealed, apparently only possible through act of Congress, players and teams could sue the league if their movements were
Football and Society A- Sports' sociology B- Selection of sport a- Football is selected b- Reasons for selection A- Field Observation a- Setting/environment b- Participants c- Attendees/Fans d- Dress/Attire/style e- Behaviors Observed f- Ambiance/Atmosphere g- Symbols: h- Other Observations B- Analysis of Report a- Learning from experience in the work field b- Conclusions from a sociological point-of-view C- Research methodology A- Societal Role of Sport B- Role in My life C- Experience of other participants and fans. Sociology of sport: Sports sociology or the sociology of sport
Football A recent poll by Harris Poll showed that professional football -- the NFL -- is the most popular sport in the United States. The sport was cited as the favorite by 36% of respondents (SBD 2012). This is up from 24% in 1985. The same poll noted a decline in the popularity of baseball that was almost as severe, that sport dropping from 23% support in 1985 to just 13%
For all intents and purposes, the public benefits which are stated to accompany the development of a football stadium become increasingly less pertinent to a city's bottom line as time passes. The aging of stadiums and the constant development of newer facilities means that with the passage of just a decade, the returns on such attractions as sports attendance, convention attendance and construction employment have diminished or disappeared entirely.
On the other hand, we might be able to "incubate" a cable network by playing a Thursday night series of cable games, and such a network could be a long-run success that would strengthen our product as well." (Tagliabue, 2004) Tagliabue states that prior to proceeding with a new package it is necessary to ensure that this new package is based on "sound television premises and that it is structured
Despite these glowing reports, Keating (1997) cautions that not every community has enjoyed the same level of success as the studies have suggested. In his essay, "We Wuz Robbed! The Subsidized Stadium Scam" (1997), Keating says, "Only team owners and players clearly benefit from these taxpayer subsidies, because they are relieved of the costs of stadium financing. Indeed, annual debt-service costs can run into the tens of millions of dollars"