Noahs Ark Essays

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Flood Narrative When God Flooded Essay

Words: 4686 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4906607

The real question is not which party is right or wrong, but rather, what lessons can be learned and applied to modern man.

The Warnings in Genesis 7: 21-24

In these verses, we learn that God tried to warn his children, but on the day of the flood, they were still eating and drinking without abandon. They did not heed the final warning. This demonstrates that God was not set on his resolve to destroy humankind. He was acting the part of the father, giving his children one last time to change their ways. God gives his children many chances to repent. It is clear that he wishes them to repent, rather than to destroy them. First, he gives them 120 years, then a final week, and then on the day set for the flood to occur, he gives them one final chance. They can save themselves at any point in this time period by simply giving up their sin and returning to the grace of God. However, in the end, man's nature wins out, leading to his ultimate destruction.

The multiple warnings and grace periods given by God also demonstrate that man has a choice in his own destiny. Although God has the ultimate control over when his chosen people live and when they die, they still have choices to make. They are not like puppets or dolls, where the master determines their every move. They have a choice, indicating a certain degree of independence. They can choose to turn from sin and return to God, once again returning to his good graces, or they can continue to sin and suffer the ultimate consequences.

The argument of how much control God has over our lives is a key point of contention that divides Christians into many denominations. Some feel that we have no control; others feel that God allows us some control,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Constable, Thomas. Notes on Genesis. 2005 Edition. [online] 2005. Available at " rel="follow" target="_blank">
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Pentateuch Genesis In the Book of Genesis Essay

Words: 1279 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36798415



In the Book of Genesis, God creates the universe. He begins with the creation of light and then in the following days creates all the things that exist in the world, including mankind. God wants man to be his avatar on Earth, but mankind fails him. First man and woman are thrown out of the Garden of Eden and thrust out into the cruel world. God gets so fed up with humanity that he floods the world, having Noah stay alive with two of every animal to repopulate the world. The new world is equally corrupt but God promises not to flood the world again. Instead he assigns Abraham the task of breeding and teaching His word to the Jews, the chosen people of God. Genesis ends with the Jews traveling to Egypt where they will become the slaves of the Egyptians and punished for practicing the worship of their one true God rather than accepting Egyptian polytheism.


God creates the Garden of Eden, Adam and Eve and the pair are thrown out of the Garden

Cain and Abel are born and the first murder is committed by Cain.

III. God floods the world after asking Noah to take his family and two of every animal on an ark.

IV. Abraham is made the Father of Judaism and told to teach the religion to others.

V. God destroys Sodom and Gomorrah and turns Lot's wife to salt.

VI. The Jews travel to Egypt where they become enslaved.

Practical Application: God is vengeful and the memory of His actions against those who anger Him should remind people to follow the rules and law imposed by His word.


In the book of Exodus, the Jewish people are finally granted freedom from slavery in Egypt. Moses who is raised as an Egyptian learns that he was born Jewish. God tells him that he must lead the Jews out of Egypt and works to obtain their freedom from the Pharaoh. God sends plagues to the Egyptian people in the form of frogs, locusts, and finally by killing the first-born son of the…… [Read More]

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Concept of Narration Essay

Words: 971 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38740044

Biblical Fiction

Julian Barnes' A History of the World in 101/2 Chapters functions somewhat like a novel and somewhat like a collection of short stories. Each of the tales within this manuscript is distinct from one another. Still, the stories do cross reference one another and some of the characters appear in multiple tales. One of the most thought-provoking of these narratives is the first one, which the author entitled "The Stowaways." This story provides a particularly biased account of the Book of Genesis and its tale of Noah's Ark. However, the story is narrated by a woodworm, which was one type of animal that Noah did not select to sail with him. The story greatly parallels that in Genesis except for the way that the main character -- Noah -- is portrayed. In this work he is rendered an inept alcoholic who only survived the storm and fulfilled God's bidding due to luck and the prowess of his companions. A careful analysis and evaluation of this work, however, reveals that the biased viewpoint of the woodworm narrator was definitely hyperbolic, as narrated in this essay by the birds.

One of the most eminent takeaways for the somewhat partisan narration of the story "The Stowaways,," which was masterfully portrayed by a woodworm in Barnes' sterling and extremely accurate view of the word's history, is that the woodworms are very prone to exaggeration. This is a fact which almost any other species of animals on that fateful ark can verify, and not just the perspective of us birds. In fact, one can clearly understand the fact that it is all but impossible for the woodworms to render any other version of this tale but their own biased version in which they greatly slander the forces of Christianity -- which is what, more than any other character in this tale, Noah represents. As such, the woodworms waste no opportunity to disparage this dutiful servant of God. However, what is truly important about this fact is the reason why the woodworm is this way. Noah was supposed to select only the pure animals to go with him on the ark and eventually repopulate the earth. The woodworm and his ilk did not fit this description, and thus were not…… [Read More]

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Classical Myths in Children's Writing's Essay

Words: 8051 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77818389

He stated that, "I mean printed works produced ostensibly to give children spontaneous pleasure and not primarily to teach them, nor solely to make them good, nor to keep them profitably quiet." (Darton 1932/1982:1) So here the quest is for the capture and promotion of children's imagination through stories and fables that please as well as enlighten. There is always the fallout that once a child learns to love to read he or she will read many more things with greater enthusiasm than before.

The children's literature genres developed in Mesopotamia and in Egypt over a roughly 1,500-year period - proverbs, fables, animal stories, debates, myths, instructions (wisdom literature), adventure and magic tales, school stories, hymns and poems - pass down to the Hebrews and the Greeks. The Old Testament owes much to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian literature (Adams 2004:230)

One can see that, as stated previously, children's literature is nothing new to both civilized and pre-civilized cultures, and certainly has relegated itself to a certain level of importance in all societies.

There is also a genre that is known as Wisdom Literature which includes these fables, stories and tales of mythology, but which should also include, as far as this writer is concerned, children's literature as well. By using different forms of allegorical representations of myths and legends, the stories told become lessons learned in the way of living life. This is another reason that the mythology of Mesopotamia is important since it conveys a larger array of creativity and mythology to choose from. In fact many scholars believe that the literature from this area is far more diverse. "Sumerian wisdom, which has come to be translated and understood only in recent times, contains far more genres than those found in Israel." (Murphy 1981:9)

Another important aspect to Children's literature is the area of Narrative. Since children's literature is intimately involved with storytelling, narrative is a key element. "Narrative theory is highly relevant to the study of children's literature. One of…… [Read More]

Adams, Gillian. 2004. "16 Ancient and Medieval Children's Texts." pp. 225-238 in International Companion Encyclopedia of Children's Literature, vol. 1, edited by Hunt, Peter. London: Routledge.

Ancient Babylonia - Gilgamesh Tablet. 2009. Bible History. Retrieved 2 August 2010 ( .).
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1 A Comparison Between the Flood Myths Essay

Words: 700 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5894060



The Biblical story of the Flood as found in the Book of Genesis contains many similarities to the Mesopotamian myth known as the Epic of Gilgamesh; in fact, it appears that the Biblical account as related by Noah, ca. 1400-1200 B.C.E., may have been entirely derived from the Epic of Gilgamesh, written some six hundred years earlier in 2000 B.C.E. when the so-called Flood Myths had their origins.
Among these similarities between the two ancient accounts is that the Gods were very displeased with how their creation, being Man, was behaving on Earth which served as the main impetus for destroying every living thing that breathed, swam or walked. In Genesis, chapter 6, verses 5-7, we find "And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually" which induces Him to "destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth" (Holy Bible, King James Version, 12) by a great flood. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Utnapishtim, "the Sumerian Noah who had discovered the secret of life" (Clough, Internet), relates to Gilgamesh the story of the Great Flood which was brought about to destroy the city of Shurippak, "ancient, as were the gods within it, when their hearts led the great gods to produce the flood" (Kovacs, 45).
Also, the characters of Utnapishtim and the Biblical Noah were spared from the great deluge, for both were ordered by the Gods to build a vessel in order to survive the flood. In Genesis, chapter 6, verse 14, God tells Noah to "Make thee an ark of gopher
wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shall pitch it within and without" (Holy Bible, 12); in the Epic of Gilgamesh, Utnapishtim is told by his Gods to "Tear down (his) house, build a ship; give up possessions, seek thou life. . . aboard the ship take thou the seed of all living things" (Magill,…… [Read More]

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Echoes Within the Two Old Essay

Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27119092

This covenant pre-dates the covenant that God will eventually make with Abraham and his children, and suggests a mutual obligation that now exists between God and humanity that did not exist before -- thus Noah's covenant with God will 'echo' with other Biblical narratives of later date, much as the stress upon the disobedience of humankind in the Flood epic recalls the disobedience of humanity in the Garden of Eden. At the end of the narrative, God says that he will never destroy humanity again, despite its inherent tendency to act in a wicked fashion.

In both Genesis 6 and Genesis 7, the repetitive language used to describe the animals under Noah's care -- their duality, the fact that some creep and some fly -- underlines man's mastery of the natural world. Humanity may be commanded by God and must submit, but it is humanity that saves the rest of the natural world. The choosing of two mates, so that the earth can be replenished and the totality of the project of humanity's saving of the animal kingdom (clean and unclean, as noted in Genesis 7) suggests the unique importance of humanity upon the earth.

The duality of the creatures, which is echoed in both accounts, also stresses the importance of being 'fruitful and multiplying' and the fact that God regards reproduction of all living beings as a sacred obligation. This duality of mates is not only true of the animal, but also the human world, as Noah and his family are also 'paired off' when they enter the ark. Although the great age of all human beings, particularly Noah, locates this tale in a kind of mythic realm outside of conventional norms of time, the fact that Noah's younger, fertile sons and daughters-in-law are also included stresses that no matter how fallen humanity may be, God clearly wants humanity to reproduce and continue in its…… [Read More]

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Pentateuch Consists of the First Five Books Essay

Words: 1912 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3414040

Pentateuch consists of the first five Books of the Bible. The Pentateuch is the same as what many people mean when they refer to the Torah, which is the first five books of the Tanakh. These books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. In both Jewish and Christian tradition, Moses is considered the author of most of the Pentateuch and the belief is that God dictated the books to Moses (Fairfield, N.p.). However scholars generally agree that the books actually reflect compilations of earlier writings by various different authors. Taken together, the five books introduce the reader to God. They explain that God is the creator of the universe and everything in it, how the world has imperfections despite being a divine creation, God's unique relationship with man, and the beginnings of the special relationship between God and his chosen people (Fairfield, N.p.).

The Pentateuch begins with Genesis. Genesis is not only the beginning of the Bible; it also describes the beginning of the world and the beginning of humankind. Genesis begins with darkness and God creating light from the darkness. God spends six days creating the universe and the world, culminating with the creation of humans in his image on the last day. He makes Adam from dust and Eve from Adam's rib. Adam and Eve live in the Garden of Eden, which also holds the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. The only proscription that God gives Adam and Eve is that they are not to eat fruit from that tree. However, a serpent convinces Eve to eat the forbidden fruit. Adam eats the fruit as well, and the two feel shame. God curses both of them, banishing them from Eden. Adam and Eve have two children, Cain and Abel. Cain becomes jealous of his brother, Abel, and kills him. God exiles Cain. Adam and Even have another son, Seth. Both Seth and Cain have families, though Genesis does not describe where they find wives.

As the human population grows, God becomes increasingly upset with humans. He decides that he is going to wipe them from the face of…… [Read More]

Fairfield, Mary. "Pentateuch: What is the Pentateuch?" N.p. 2013. Web. 29 Oct.
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What Is the Role of the Holy Spirit in the Proclamation of Scripture Essay

Words: 1281 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96331504

Supplement the ideas provided here with some of your own. Plan ways to identify the doctrine for the children and help them understand it and apply it in their lives.Ask yourself, "What will the children do to learn, and how can I help them feel the Spirit?"

"The Family: A Proclamation to the World" came from God to help my family.

Identify the doctrine: Show the children pictures of the Ten Commandments and the scriptures. Ask, "Where did these come from?" Explain that they came from God through His prophets to help us know what to do. Show the children a copy of "The Family: A Proclamation to the World" and explain that it came from God through His latter-day prophets to help our families.

Encourage understanding (singing songs): Explain that not all families are the same, but each family is important; God wants all families to be happy and return to Him. Give a wordstrip with a different sentence from the family proclamation to each class. Invite the children to think of a song that relates to their sentence. Invite the classes to take turns reading their wordstrips aloud and leading the other children in singing the song they have chosen. Testify that our families will be blessed as we follow the teachings in the family proclamation.

Week 2: Marriage between a man and a woman is essential to God's plan.

Encourage understanding (hearing and telling a story): Tell the story of Adam being the first man on the earth. Have a child read Genesis 2:18 as the children listen for what Heavenly Father said ("It is not good that the man should be alone"). Explain that He created Eve, who would marry Adam. Have a child read Genesis 3:20 as the children listen for what Adam called his wife (Eve). Next have a child read Genesis 1:28 as they listen for what Heavenly Father commanded Adam and Eve to do ("multiply," or have a family). Explain that without Adam and Eve's marriage, God's plan for His children to come to earth would not have happened. Invite a few children to retell the story.

Encourage application (seeing pictures): Explain that Heavenly Father's commandment for…… [Read More]

Allen, O.W. (2005). The homiletic of all believers: A conversational approach to proclamation and preaching. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.

Bohannon, J.S. (2009). Preaching and the emerging church: A homiletical analysis and critique of a select number of emerging church pastors -- Mark Driscoll, Dan Kimball, Brian McLaren, and Doug Pagitt -- with contemporary implications for evangelical (expository) preaching. Retrieved from Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary website: " rel="follow" target="_blank">
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Salvation Four of the Greatest Essay

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86528375

On Mount Sinai, God forgives all but those who have gone against Him (Exodus 32). The implication of this is that salvation comes to those who refuse, like Moses and the Levites, to stray from the path of God.

The Christian New Testament describes salvation, according to the word of God, through his Son Jesus (Christians believe Jesus was the son of God, who came to earth to save humanity; the Jews do not). One example of this may be found within the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7). In the Sermon of the Mount, Jesus preaches the way to salvation, beginning by saying "Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven" (Matthew 5, p. 1209). The content of Jesus' Sermon on the Mount in many ways reinforces that of Moses' Ten Commandments and other teachings of the Old Testament, but also contains some key differences.

For example, Jesus states (as a direct challenge to the Pharisees of the time, a sect of Judaism that insisted on strict interpretation of the Mosaic laws): "That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven" (Matthew 5, p. 1209). This means that followers of Jesus must seek to be more righteous than the Pharisees, whom Jesus implies are less than righteous.

Similarly, Jesus preaches, in Matthew 6, that it is hypocritical to pray "standing in synagogues and in corners of the streets" (p. 1211), just so others may see one in the act of praying. Instead, it is righteous to pray privately (i.e., to "enter into thy closet," Matthew 6) so that one's prayers are clearly not just for show, but instead between oneself and God only. Jesus also states that, when fasting (Jesus lived and preached as a Jew, so it is likely, here, that he refers to the Yom Kippur fast…… [Read More]

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Genesis 4 6 Niv Sin Is Essay

Words: 1061 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45702767

Sin can either be apparent or internal; it can be obvious to the public and can be part of the bad feelings one has toward other people. Apparent sin is what people observe and because of this, sin can be divided into two misdeeds. First, the guilt of the sin itself, such as stealing, drinking wine, or adultery; second, the guilt of saying it with pride and in public which demonstrates one's indifference to God's commands. This also sets a very bad example for people because it encourages them to commit their own sins as if it was something natural. Thus, within time, people will become accustomed to sinning which ultimately will help to spread corruption in the entire community.

Internal sins are also another way to disobey God and be driven away from His mercy. It is like willing a bad feeling to another person or knowing about the truth of something, but one does not say anything for one's own or another person's benefit, such as injustice, spying on other people, or gloating over another person's's grief. The Holy Bible says, "A poor man's field may produce abundant food, but injustice sweeps it away" (Proverbs 13:23, NIV). Thus, insisting on committing sin brings about the wrath of God and the Holy Bible proves that God

sends His punishment to those who are unjust, proving that God does not defer His punishments until Judgment Day. Conversely, God sends His accelerated punishment into the current world. Certainly, internal sin is the most repulsive of all sins; therefore, people cannot be judged from the inside and internal sin is one of the main reasons why communities and countries are being destroyed.

Without a doubt, sins lead to Hell and is separate from God's obedience. This is the devil's way, such as dragging the sons of Adam to punishment. The Holy Bible says "I am about to bring punishment on Amon, god of Thebes, on Pharaoh, on Egypt and her gods and her kings, and on those who rely on Pharaoh" (Jeremiah 46:25, NIV). Therefore, those who insist on committing sin will be punished, for they are the intimate friends of the devil and prefer to obey the devil rather than God. Sin also eradicates affluence and damages the heart like a…… [Read More]

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Christian Transformation The Evolution of Essay

Words: 3036 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95648775

In contrast, the exterior was almost undecorated" (25). Another significant church that was built contemporaneously with the Hagia Sophia was the cruciform Church of the Holy Apostles (536-546), which featured five domes (Nickel).

Figure 3. Cross-domed church. Most important type of ground-plan of the Middle Byzantine period. In addition to the central dome, more elaborate examples have domes over the corner chapels -- quincunx. From the tenth century onwards, the cross-domed church becomes widespread throughout Bulgaria. In Russia it develops into the dominant church type of the Middle Ages, the cruciform domed church. (Church of Theofokos, Monastery of Hosios Lukas, Greece, tenth century)

Source: Nickel 25

Constantine clearly set the architectural bar very high, and Christian architects would be hard pressed to match the Hagia Sophia in terms of size, organization and decorations, but the structure was clearly a model for future efforts. In this regard, Nickel reports that, "Compared with these massive buildings, the churches of the Middle Byzantine period are modest in size. A new type of building evolved that was to become all but mandatory throughout the High and late Middle Ages -- the cross-domed church" (25). For instance, this building style was used for the palace church of Basil I (876-886); while the church no longer exists, its description remains available to modern scholars. According to Nickel, the palace church of Basil I was "a barrel-vaulted Greek cross, almost square in plan, crowned by a central dome and four domes over the corner spaces. It was famous for its brilliant white appearance, doubtless produced by marble cladding" (25).

In contrast to the Early Byzantine period and the unadorned exterior of the Hagia Sophia, for example, the focus turned to elaborate exterior ornamentation using decorative brickwork as well as stone reliefs (Nickel). Although this five-domed archetypal New Church design ("Nea") retained the narthex in its plans, as time passed, the narthex was frequently left out in preference for a subdivision of the interior space using pillars as well as a centrally placed dome (Nickel). At this point, the transformation to the cruciform shape had been essentially completed. In this regard, Nickel notes that, "By…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Curran, John R. Pagan City and Christian Capital: Rome in the Fourth Century. New York:

Oxford University Press, 2000.
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Creationism Is There Any Credible Evidence to Essay

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Creationism: Is there any Credible Evidence to Support it?

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." (Genesis 1:1) This quotation from the Bible plus numerous others from the religious books of various religions lead us to believe that man, the earth, and the rest of the universe were originally created by a divine force rather than having been created as a result of a "Big Bang" and subsequent "evolution" over billions of years. The religious theory about the origins of the universe, earth and man called "creationism" comes into direct conflict with the present day scientific theory about our and our universe's origins. Does any solid or credible evidence exist to support creationism? I shall explore this question in this essay.

There are several categories of people who advocate "creation science" but can be broadly grouped into the "young earth creationists" and the "old earth creationists." The former contend that the earth is no more than 6,000 to 10,000 years ago. The more rigid (or "fundamentalist") creationists go further. They believe that the heaven and the earth were created on 4004 BC. The more flexible, "old creationists" concede that the universe could have come into existence a lot earlier but argue for an "initial or first cause" arguing that "Someone" (a divine power) initiated the cataclysmic events for creating the universe and then evolution was used as the process by this divine power to guide the subsequent events. The other major belief of the "young earth creationists" is about a worldwide flood that occurred during the time of Noah, when waters rose for 150 days and went down for the next 150 days and that all existing species of life are the ones that were taken aboard the Noah's Ark. (Genesis: chapter 7)

These were the "beliefs" of the creationists. Do we have compelling evidence to support the beliefs? Apart from the explanations given in the Bible (and other theological writings), there are various stories and mythologies handed down from generation to generation. As far as irrefutable scientific evidence is concerned, not only is there a complete absence of such proof, the creationist beliefs are in direct conflict with the current scientific theories about how the universe started (the "Big Bang" hypothesis), how life was first formed (through the "building blocks" of…… [Read More]

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The Concept of Intelligence and Testing for it Essay

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Intelligence/Personality Tests

The concept of intelligence and the practice (and practicality) of testing for intelligence has been one of the more controversial areas of psychology and psychometrics since the first tests were developed and administered a century ago. Far from there being a consensus in the scientific community on exactly what makes up intelligence, the list of characteristics that comprise intelligence has instead been a matter of extreme and ongoing debate. Measuring intelligence in individuals has found an even greater share of disagreement and controversy. Even when researchers are able to agree on what aspects should be measured to develop an accurate picture of intelligence, the methods proposed and implemented for testing these areas have often been widely disputed. The controversy surrounding intelligence testing reached new heights in the era of cultural diversity, as it became clear that the standard intelligence tests in use for the better part of the twentieth century had an inherent bias in favor of white, Euro-centric thinking, to the detriment of other cultural and ethnic backgrounds.

Nonetheless, there are several standard working definitions of intelligence that while not perfect by any stretch of the imagination have still proven consistent and reliable enough to produce tests that measure intelligence with some accuracy. One widely used definition of intelligence from the American Psychological Association includes the ability to understand complex thoughts, adapt to environments, learn from experience, and engage in various types of reasoning. This definition makes it incredibly clear that intelligence is not a simple phenomenon such as how "smart" someone is, but rather there is a wide and varied set of considerations that must be taken into account in order to arrive at an idea of "true" intelligence -- a feat which the American Psychological Association says has still not yet occurred.

According to many other authorities, even the above definition is not inclusive enough to determine true intelligence, even if things such as cultural bias were not an issue. Creativity is one of the most common…… [Read More]

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Bob Jones it Is a Essay

Words: 1021 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2315978

However, by exercising its own version of "religious freedom," the university is discriminating against a sector of society it should serve.

This is not to say that the university and its personnel do not have the right to exercise whatever religious views appeal to them most. However, such religious freedom should not be exercised to the detriment of the religious freedoms of others. No person or entity has the right to impose his or her views on others, or to deny the rights of certain persons based on their own beliefs and cultural practices. Hence, while the university has the right of religious freedom, it should not allow this right to become a policy that discriminates against others. Religious freedom, like religion itself, should be a private choice. Bob Jones has made it a public one, and therefore does not serve its public. In this way, the institution does not serve its purpose as a learning environment for the benefit of the public. Instead, it benefits only that sector of the public that holds the same or similar beliefs to its own.

As mentioned, Bob Jones interprets Genesis 10 quite literally. The interpretation of human descendence has been interpreted in just this way by the general public up to the middle of the 19th century. Furthermore, such an interpretation implies two basic suppositions: that the Bible is a historically accurate document, and that the Old Testament and all its laws and regulations are still applicable to life today.

From the Christian, and indeed from the general human viewpoint, the latter cannot be acceptable, particularly in a charitable organization. If Genesis 10 is accepted as the literal truth, all the other Old Testament laws should be accepted as valid as well, including the fact that girls should be banished for the duration of their period and that homosexuals should be killed. Surely this would cause considerable chaos in a democratic country.

Secondly, the acceptance of Genesis 10 as historical fact is unsound from an academic viewpoint. There is no scientific evidence to suggest the absolute and irrefutable truth of the flood, the ark, or the lineage of Noah's sons. Furthermore, it is not even known whether the flood in fact destroyed all creatures on the entire earth, or only those in the known world at the time. Considering the Biblical passage as absolute truth is…… [Read More]

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Exodus Catastrophes Have Been Present Essay

Words: 3520 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20604559

Fortunately for them, Joseph, who is Jacob's son, invites them into that land and he was a man who had been sold off earlier to an Egyptian person by his jealous brothers earlier. Joseph, being possessed of the extremely uncanny ability to read and interpret dreams, is recognized for that very fact, and is soon promoted into being a prestigious member of the Egyptian Courts. However, one thing must be kept in mind before starting the Exodus, and this is the presence of the three important themes of Abraham being God's alliance and His Promise, Isaac, who is the spared sacrifice, and Jacob, who is doomed to struggle with God, or in other words, Israel. It is at this point that the description of the Exodus begins.

The Exodus is in fact a unique and exceptional account of the Birth of a Religion, and everything that is described within the Exodus alludes to the life of the people who lived in those rough terrains of Israel at that particular time in the History of the World. In fact, it is often noted that the Genesis is in itself a mere introduction to this most important excursion carried out by the people of Israel, in their exodus out of Egypt. This flight or exodus of the people out of Egypt in fact reveals the very origins and the identity of Israel, and the manner in which this journey took place divulges the very essence of the Fathers of the land, and the isolation of the people in the Desert and their journey towards their Promised Land did not, in fact, lead to the development of a stable culture, and maybe it was this very exclusiveness that gave rise to the jealousy and rivalry that Yahweh exhibited. Moses, Yahweh, and Israel thus happened to come together, and this had a great impact on the very nature of Israel.

It has been said that several generations of Hebrews had been living in Egypt from time immemorial, and now, these people were feeling that they were not at all welcome in this, their adoptive land, and, on top of this, the Pharaoh was…… [Read More]

Amazon Review: Exodus- the true story behind the Biblical account. Available at;Internet; accessed 18 July, 2005

Block, Rabbi Barry H. The Book of Exodus, More to the Story. 1 June 2001. Available at;Internet; accessed 18 July, 2005
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Mayflower in Human History Many Essay

Words: 2199 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97728011

Why, though, is the name so popular and so utilized to mean change, evolution, choice, and really as an icon of a perilous journey to a new life? And what is the real story of the First Thanksgiving? In brief, the name has remained a popular icon because of the inherent nature of the story -- lively persecuted group befriends new population and thrives. Now, let us simply revise the point-of-view by one cog; instead of viewing the story as a European colonist, imagine if you will, a land that supported numerous bands of hunter-gatherers who took only from the land what they needed, had deep traditions about their interaction with nature, and, just like other societies, had passive and aggressive cultures. New people arrive who do not know how to dress, to hunt, to fish, or even how to build the proper house to stay warm. So, you help them, and they give you the chance to become their slave and return to their far off country, take more corn than is appropriate, and also decide to fence in the land into these unusual squares that prevent the wildlife from roaming. In addition, every village these colonists visit seems to acquire a strange sickness -- in fact, some villages completely die off, leaving the areas "ready" for new towns to be set up by these new colonists (East Texas Review, 2004).

Conclusions -- When dealing with revisionism and post-revisionism of sacred topics in history, one can always run the risk of cynicism on a heightened level. Was there really a Noah's Ark or Great Flood? Did Washington really chop down a cherry tree? Are the dimensions of Plymouth Rock important? Did the colonists actually arrive near Plymouth and come ashore near the rock?

Actually, the veracity of many events becomes immaterial when viewed in broader brush strokes -- in terms of the 1620 colonials, it probably does not matter how much of their story is fact and how much embellishment for symbols serve culture, and Plymouth Rock as a symbol signifies the transformation of culture from Europe to the Americas -- of changing the colonists as they passed over…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
See for example: Carew, M. And J. Garratt. (2004). Flight of the Mayflower. Mark Carew and Associations. "Background -- Plymouth Argyle Football Club." Cited in: ?

It is not the purpose of this essay to complete revise the story of the Mayflower and its consequences, simply to posit another viewpoint. For more information on how disease, especially smallpox, "conquered" the New World, see: Crosby, a. (1972), the Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492; and McNeil, W. (1977). Plagues and Peoples.
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Albino Issues Essay

Words: 377 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50878648

condition may affect those who posses this deformity.

Albinism is a genetic condition that disrupts the normal distribution of the coloring pigment in the human skin known as melanin. Fitzpatrick (1960) wrote "Albinism is an example of one type of metabolic block in which the enzymatic defect leads to a deficiency of the product, melanin. It may be seen in vertebrates ranging from brook trout to whales and man. The incidence in man is reported to be one in twenty-five thousand. Noah, the Noah who embarked in the Ark, was an albino."

There are different types of albinism that are present within the human gene pool. In some instances only part of the body or skin is affected with deficient amounts of melanin, in other more severe cases, the entire body is affected with the lack of skin coloration. The lack of enzymes in the melanin cause an absence of any color within the skin and prevents the person from being exposed to the normal experiences of those without the problem.

Albinism occurs more frequently in men than in women and nearly 1 in 17,000 have…… [Read More]

Fitzpatrick, T.B. (1960). Albinism. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 35(4), 209-214.
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Epistle of Paul to Philemon Essay

Words: 20604 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75843868

The divisions were as such:

1. The highest class amongst the slave was of the slave minister; he was responsible for most of the slave transactions or trades and was also allowed to have posts on the government offices locally and on the provincial level.

2. This was followed by the class of temple slaves; this class of slaves was normally employed in the religious organizations usually as janitors and caretakers of priestesses in the organization.

3. The third class of slaves included a range of jobs for slaves i.e. slaves who were appointed as land/property etc. managers were included in this class as well as those slaves who were employed as merchants or hired to help around the pastures and agricultural grounds. A majority of this class included the ordinary household slaves.

4. The last class amongst the slaves also included a range of occupations of the slaves extending from those working in dangerous jobs like mining or oil rigging or those slaves working in disrespected occupations like prostitution, etc. (Cole, 1995).

The structure as well as the entire industry of slaves in the Roman Empire was a very extensive and intricate construction. The significance of the Roman Slave industry can be analyzed when focusing on the celebrations of the three-day event at the end of the year that has been referred to in history as Saturnalia. This event exists if a different form currently i.e. As the 'Sadie Hawkins Day', the only difference being that the event was designed for the comfort of the slaves. The entire structure and traditions of the Roman society were toppled over for these three days as the demands of the slaves and their happiness took centre stage. When considering the treatment and rights given to the slaves during the entire year, the festivities and structure of the Saturnalia was the happiest of times for the slaves. The three-day event…… [Read More]

JM.G. Barclay, Colossians and Philemon, Sheffield Academic Press, 1997

Bartchy, S.S. (1973). First-Century Slavery and the Interpretation of 1 Corinthians 7:21 (SBLDS 11; Atlanta: Scholars Press) 175.
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People Hate America The Title Essay

Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11155346

Prior to their narrative on Townsend, King Solomon is described as a powerful man with grace and humility in his heart. God is said to have appeared to King Solomon in a dream, and asked him what he (Solomon) wanted to be given.

Now Solomon could well have asked for some glittering gifts and for more power. But he didn't; he asked for "wisdom," the authors explain. "I am only a little child and do not know how to carry out my duties. So give your servant a discerning heart...for who is able to govern this great people of yours?" Solomon is reported to have said. Impressed by Solomon's humility, God gave Solomon "...everything else he might have wished for" like honor, wealth, a long life, and yes, the "wise and discerning heart he has asked for."

Back to Townsend, who was also praised for willingly, openly admitting the mistakes he had made. "Admit your mistakes openly, maybe even joyfully," Townsend wrote in the book Up the Organization; he went on to admit that " mistakes were discussed openly and most of them corrected with a little help from my friends" (p. 81).

Still another CEO of a corporation, J. Kermit Campbell, who headed the furniture company Herman Miller, is pointed out as a good example of someone who listens well. Indeed Campbell had "exceptional listening skills," the authors assert on page 102. What he did was show his employees that he really cared and was willing to come down from his corporate offices. He met with "every single" employee and listened to their thoughts and concerns.

Prior to the narrative on Campbell, the authors explain that the Bible " full of leaders who failed to listen." Those included Lot's wife who did not pay attention to Lot's warning "not to look back at the burning cities of Sodom and Gomorrah." Those readers familiar with the Bible already knew that due to his failure to heed the advice of her husband, Lot's wife was transformed into a pillar of salt. And the Bible is also full of leaders who did indeed listen, including Noah, who…… [Read More]

Sardar, Ziauddin; & Davies, Marryl Wyn. (2002). Why Do People Hate America? New York:

Disinformation Company, Ltd.
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Cannibals Reply I Agree as Essay

Words: 349 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95466548

I noticed the animals, the sensuality, and the angels flying to Heaven carrying off pieces of these "earthly delights," which made me wonder why they had to take sin or debauchery to Heaven. I also wondered what the four "islands" or buildings in the lake represented. One seemed to represent war, and other our easily "cracked" world under our feet. Obviously, all of the symbolism in the painting relates to sin and non-belief, but it is so filled with detail that it is hard to take it all in at once. Viewing it in person would probably clear up a lot of questions about it. it's also interesting that there is a group of animals in the center of the picture - it is almost reminiscent of Noah leading the animals two by two to the Ark. Is Bosch saying the only innocence on Earth is in the animals?… [Read More]

Montaigne, Michel D. "Of Cannibals." Victorian Web. 2003. 26 Jan. 2007.