World Wars Essays

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War Society Modern World War Has Been Essay

Words: 1559 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21652108

War Society Modern World

War has been an integral part of the development of our civilization from the earliest times. It is estimated that there are more than 14,000 wars that have occurred since events began to be recorded and this has resulted in the death of billions of people. It was an essential part of the survival and behavior of human beings and the society at large. This attitude continued in our society and was even passed on from one generation to another. As modernization began to evolve, this behavior continued in the society, though the end result was different. During the last two centuries, war was used by countries as a brutal form of handling international relations. Differences with other countries were resolved through armed conflicts rather than peaceful negotiations and war was used as an instrument of foreign policies. Unfortunately, this has resulted in the death of millions of people who otherwise could have contributed to better living conditions today.

Reflections on past wars

As we reflect back on some of the wars that have taken place during the last five centuries such as the Napoleonic Wars, The Crimean War, the Boer War, World War I, World War II, and the Vietnam War, we can understand a pattern that led to it. One common attribute we see through all these wars is greed and the aspiration of one leader to establish his supremacy over other countries and people. The Napoleonic war that took place between 1789 to 1815 was largely a result of the greed of European countries and their leaders to establish their sovereignty over other European countries.

The Crimean war was fought between the Russians and an alliance of the French, British and Ottoman Turkish empire to gain control over the Crimean Peninsula and parts of the Ottoman Empire. This is another example of the need for the leaders of these nations to establish power over other countries for political and economic reasons. It was also due to conflicts among the French and Russian leaders to establish their religion in the Crimean peninsula and…… [Read More]

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World War II in the Context of History and Modern Warfare Essay

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57416332

World War II in the Context of History and Modern Warfare

The 20th Century was simultaneously a Century of exceptional advancement and unsurpassed violence. Why was this a Century of incomparable violence? The quick answer is that we, as a human race, used many of our advancements to become far more efficient killers; where advancements of prior centuries allowed armies to kill tens of thousands, the advancements of the 20th Century enabled armies to kill tens of millions. The longer answer involves military technological revolutions, military inventions used in World War II, business methods that drastically increased war production, the transformation of national wealth to effective fighting power, and the conversion of civilian moral energies into the will to win. Keegan, Overy, Ferguson and Weinberg, in turn, either support those conclusions or, at the very least, do not deny them.

Analysis:

a. The Four Military Technological Revolutions

Knox and Williamson point to four military technological revolutions to date, each building on the developments of the prior military revolution. The first military technological revolution, occurring in the 17th Century, was dominated by the French, who made tactical, organizational, naval and general military reforms.[footnoteRef:1] The first military revolution also saw tactical reforms by the Dutch and Swedish, as well as a British financial revolution.[footnoteRef:2] The second military revolution, occurring during the French Revolution of the 18th Century, created national mobilization politically and economically and Napoleonic warfare, including utter destruction of the opposition armed forces.[footnoteRef:3] Within that same second military revolution, the Industrial Revolution's 18th -- 19th Century technological advances of telegraph, railroads, steamships, small arms, automatic weapons and artillery for land wars and naval evolution of big-gun battleships and fleets, made arming, clothing, feeding, payment, swift movement to battle and consequent masses possible.[footnoteRef:4] While Overy does not speak of four military technical revolutions, he does speak of the technical and tactical revolution that took place prior to World War II.[footnoteRef:5] [1: MacGregor Knox and Murray Williamson, The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050 (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 6, 13.] [2: Ibid., p. 13.] [3: Ibid.] [4: Ibid.] [5: Richard Overy, Why the Allies Won (New York, NY W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1997), pp. 47, 61.]

Meanwhile, Keegan mentions no specific…… [Read More]

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WWI Analysis Examining the Significance and Impact of WWI on U S History Essay

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69598273

World War Analysis

WWI analysis examining the significance and impact of WWI on U.S. history

In the early 20th Century, a general fear existed that a huge war would break out due to the circumstances existing at that time and therefore every small incident was considered deadly. However the triggering factor was the assassination of Austrian Archduke Ferdinand in June 1914 resulting in World War I (WWI) or the Great War. WWI took place from 1914 to 1918 and major countries took part in it; war resulting in drastic consequences such as collapse of economies and death of millions of people. The two main groups fighting against each other were Triple Alliance and Triple Entente (also known as the Western Powers). The U.S. did not participate in the war in the beginning and tried its best to remain neutral. However, it was forced to join the Triple Entente when German submarines sank ships in the Atlantic which had American citizens on it. There was needless killing and slaughtering and nearly 12 million died in Europe as a result of this war. Europe sustained a massive detriment due to the war and it broke into numerous new territories. Even though the number of casualties and deaths was extremely high, this War did have certain benefits to it and is particularly important in shaping U.S. history.

United States was not drastically affected by the war as compared to Europe and therefore its industry continued to flourish and prosper. While Europe was deeply involved in gathering its crushed economy, U.S. actively started supplying goods and meeting the demands of those countries that required help due to effects of the War. It's industry rose significantly and the rights of women were also positively affected. This War has a significant effect on the U.S. history as its economy was completely altered. Due to the high demands of the effected countries and territories, production had to be increased. To cope with the increasing demands, new technologies were formed in order to produce more in a less amount of time. This also lead to evolvement of working opportunities and women and minorities were employed to keep up with the rising demands. During the pre-War era, woman did not have the right to even vote. Nevertheless a dramatic change came after the war ended. During the conflict, the men had to go abroad to fight and therefore women…… [Read More]

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WWI the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Essay

Words: 1553 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55010445

WWI

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife represented a culmination of several concurrent forces, all of which led to the outbreak of World War. The concurrent forces that led to World War One can be loosely grouped under the following categories: nationalism, imperialism, and militarism. Within each of these categories are ample sub-categories that can testify to the extent of forces that shaped the pre-war conditions throughout not just Europe but the entire world. World War One was a total war for many reasons: it involved serious civilian casualties on a horrific scale for all parties. The Great War also brought to light the impact of globalization on the global economy and political enterprise. Nationalism, imperialism, and militarism all played a part in shaping participation in World War One; the effects of which continue to reverberate.

As Marshall (2001) points out, "Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were all creations of the mid-nineteenth century," (vii). Prior to the nineteenth century, the city-state model ruled supreme. In Italy, the classic Renaissance economic powers like Genoa and Venice found themselves suddenly embracing a national identity based on some common cultural elements that might not have been recognized a century before: including language and religion. The same thing happened in the German-speaking parts of Europe. For this reason, when the Austro-Hungarian Empire found itself face-to-face with the Serbian nationalist rebels, the Germans took sides against those to which it could relate. Germany was itself a new nation, crafted in the modern model of the nation-state. Fresh and new, Germany had something to prove. It had also been rapidly industrializing, along with other countries that had colonial vassal lands abroad. Therefore, budding concepts of national identity and national pride coincided with both industrialization and colonization. Industrialization led to militarization: as the mass production of ammunitions became possible for the first time. In order to manufacture weapons on the scale that was needed to fight a massive military project like a world war, it was necessary to have access to a seemingly endless supply to natural resources. These natural resources were sometimes located in the regions that manufactured goods like guns. However, a large proportion of the munitions industry was dependent directly on areas in Africa for natural resources.

Nationalism took on different masks, depending on where it emerged. On the Eastern front, it was apparent that national…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Allan, T. (2003). The Causes of World War I. Chicago: Reed Elsevier.

Bosco, P., & Bosco, A. (2003). World War I. Infobase.
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WWII the United States Entered Essay

Words: 1011 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71170487

Gradually, though, the war effort eroded the practical and theoretical underpinnings of racism in the United States. The war stimulated the domestic economy, particularly in the industrial and manufacturing sectors. Jobs were opening up rapidly, and because so many white men were fighting the war, many black men were available to work. "For black workers World War II opened up opportunities that had never before existed," (O'Neil 1). The same was true for women, as the war left gaping holes in the labor market that needed to be filled in untraditional ways. At the same time as the war exposed American prejudice, "World War II gave many minority Americans -- and women of all races -- an economic and psychological boost." (Harris 1). The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded, and overall, the war "jump-started the civil rights movement" in the United States (Harris 1; "Identify the impact of World War II on minority groups in America. (U.S. History").

African-Americans might have been the largest aggregate non-white group in the United States, but the Second World War had a strong impact on other social and cultural groups including Asian-Americans, Native Americans, and Latin Americans. Native Americans fought in the war, and many became heroes due to the army's discovery for a use of the Navajo language as a viable code. While the war effort did not necessarily improve the lives of most Native Americans, Native American participation in the war bolstered images of the indigenous people in popular culture. The war had a major impact on the personal and collective lives of Mexican-Americans, too. Many fought in combat and like African-Americans, many found jobs that would have otherwise been unavailable to them due to prejudice. Lingering racism, however, led to problems like the Zoot Suit Riots, and similar situations erupted around the country related to non-white minorities participating in the labor market ("Identify the impact of World War II on minority groups in America"). Prejudices against Asian-Americans surfaced in different ways; Chinese-Americans were suddenly treated as allies whereas the Japanese Internment…… [Read More]

References:
Harris, Michael. "How WWII Affected America's Minorities." Los Angeles Times. 13 June, 2000. Retrieved online:  http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jun/13/news/cl-40272 

"Identify the impact of World War II on minority groups in America." (U.S. History)." Retrieved online: http://share.ehs.uen.org/node/6217
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WWII History Making Decades WWII-Present Essay

Words: 2515 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66978809

Diversity -- with the exception of homophobia -- was beginning to be commonly accepted and praised. Technology -- such as the use of DNA in criminology and the introduction of the PC -- was becoming more prominent in the lives of everyday Americans. In the Cold War, President Gorbachev asked for openness and economic freedom, while President Reagan asked him to tear down the Berlin Wall, which he did. However, the discovery of AIDS had a far more profound impact on the American people than any of these events. In 1981, the first case of AIDS was reported in the United Kingdom, and this eventually caused quite a crisis in the U.S., as it was first noticed among gay men, and then in women and children as well. People became scared because they were not sure what was causing the disease. Research continued throughout the 1980s, but the fear caused by the disease led some to believe it could be transmitted by normal -- rather than sexual or blood-to-blood -- contact. In addition, the appearance of the disease in gay men made many accuse the gay community of the disease and lead to hatred and fear of both gays and Haitians, who were among those at risk ("History of AIDS," 2009). The impact of this disease has greatly influenced Americans and those all over the world, staring in the 1980s until today. Discovery Health calls the disease a "pandemic" and warns that cases are growing ("HIV / AIDS," 2009). Because no cure exists, it is a frightening condition, and its discovery in the 1980s has resulted in many of the precautions that we currently take today. In addition, it is the cause for the stigmatization of gay people and Africans even today.

1990s

The fear of AIDS continued into the 1990s, where it was joined by Mad Cow Disease and Y2K as prominent fears of the era. The 1990s saw the election of the first Democratic President -- Bill Clinton -- since LBJ, and tumultuous affairs in Africa, such as the Rwandan genocide and the release of Nelson Mandela. The Internet, which was actually invented in the 1970s, but became popular and was used by the general public in the 1990s was an event of the 1990s that cannot be equaled in scale. In 1996, 25 million computers in 180 countries were…… [Read More]

Sources:
Dove, R. (1999). Heroes & Icons: Rosa Parks. Retrieved August 12, 2009, from Time:

http://www.time.com/time/time100/heroes/profile/parks01.html
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WWII Battle of Monte Cassino History Has Essay

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WWII: Battle of Monte Cassino

History has been known to repeat itself. Today in Iraq for example, United States and Allied troops are torn when drawing up plans to win the war in the holy land. The problems stem from their not being able to directly attack certain Muslim holy locations or shrines even though Iraqi insurgents are constantly utilizing these positions as sanctuaries and initiation points for waging battles against the allied forces or the new Iraqi government. During World War II, the Axis powers with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi army also attempted to use similar tactics to fend off attacks by Allied forces.

This report discusses the Battle of Monte Cassino and the pros and cons of the Allied Forces' actions during World War II. A historic shrine was completely destroyed by the events of the Allied forces during the Battle of Monte Cassino in the Italian campaign of 1943-1944. The battle was one of the major turning points against Adolf Hitler and should therefore be completely justified. Capturing Rome was as critical to the efforts of the Allied Forces as was the D-Day invasion because Italy represented the southern gateway to Berlin. Once engaged, Monte Cassino turned into a pivotal series of battles that allowed the combined forces of British and American troops to move forward and eventually liberate Rome from the occupying German forces. This occurred only two days before the more widely known Normandy, France invasion.

World War II

Adolf Hitler came to power on the notion that the German people had been completely taken advantage of after World War I by the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler obviously believed that extending Germany's boarders to incorporate the entire world was the only way to stop the injustices of the Treaty of Versailles "Then some one has said: 'Since the Revolution the people has gained Rights. The people govern!' Strange! The people have now been ruling three years and no one has in practice once asked its opinion. Treaties were signed which will hold us down for centuries: and…… [Read More]

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World War Two Weaponry Like Essay

Words: 364 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61733332



Much of the credit for the successful defense of Britain was the result of the invention of round-based radar that enabled British Fighter Command to alert their interceptors of the approach of Nazi warplanes during the crucial Battle of Britain in

1940 (Bishop & McNab, 2007). By the end of the war, American fighters were equipped with the first air-to-ground missiles. Of course, of all the many inventions and developments in weaponry during the war, the most devastating and revolutionary was the atomic bomb developed by the U.S. that finally ended the war in the Pacific almost a year after victory in Europe (Ambrose, 2001).… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Ambrose, S. (2001). The Good Fight: How World War II Was Won. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Bishop, C., McNab, C. (2007). Campaigns of World War II Day By Day. London, UK:
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WWI and the Russian Revolution Essay

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24086671

The makers of the peace settlement hoped to reduce the possibility of future conflict by taking away Germany's army and controlling its political system. This proved impossible, and only provoked more violence in the long run, as Germans grew more sympathetic to fascism as a result.

Third, why did the United States Senate reject the Treaty of Versailles? What objections did they have to the treaty, especially to the League of Nations? Why was the United States not ready for peace through collective security?

The United States at the time was still isolationist in its philosophy. It had come to participate in the war fairly late, and had little appreciation about how bloody and terrible it had been, through the system of trench warfare, for the major participating European powers. The U.S. still believed the Atlantic Ocean could protect itself from most major European conflicts, and it had felt less anxiety about becoming involved in future European conflicts, as its economy and infrastructure were less damaged by the events of World War II. This was why the United States Congress rejected the League of Nations. It feared that the League was exactly the sort of type of entangling European alliance that the U.S. had always tried to avoid, and even President Wilson felt that the treaty punished Germany excessively and unfairly for the war and demonstrated the perpetuation of European hostilities that could lead to future conflict and draw the United States into war.

Fourth, why did the newly created League of Nations not keep the peace? To what extent did sovereign interests, nationalist sentiments, and anti-colonialism interfere with a lasting peace? What… [Read More]

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WWII Without a Doubt the Expansionist Policies Essay

Words: 399 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96793550

WWII

Without a doubt, the expansionist policies of Germany, Italy and Japan and a direct attack by Japan on Pearl Harbor necessitated the need for America to enter World War II. However, the real question is not whether America should have entered World War II, but could it have prevented it from happening. As the world's new super power following World War I, America should have done more to restore stability to Western Europe, particularly Germany, a country saddled with huge reparation payments. And, the United States could have taken a more active role in the League of Nations to discourage aggression. Instead, America enjoyed the spoils of World War I and became isolationist in response to the Great Depression. Economic and political instability caused by World War I led the rise of fascism. The Nazi goals of reversing the Versailles Treaty and the establishment of a German Empire by means of war and conquest had to be stopped.

On the home front, Franklin D. Roosevelt conveyed the message that the efforts of civilians to support the war through personal sacrifice was as critical to winning the war as the efforts of the soldiers themselves, and that the civilian…… [Read More]

Sources:
'World War II." Wikipedia. Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II#Home_front (Accessed 3 May 2005).

"World War II.," Available: http://web.uccs.edu/history/student%20presentations/heidi/world_war_two.htm (Accessed 3 May 2005).
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WWII to the 60s the Essay

Words: 1427 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99114644

Wilson, a student of public administration, favored more governmental regulation and action during a time when large monopolies still existed. He saw the role of public administration as "government in action; it is the executive, the operative, the most visible side of government, and is of course as old as government itself" (Wilson 235). The pendelum swung, though, and the government was blamed for many of the ills that caused the Great Depression. Franklin Roosevelt, despite being called draconian, knew that he had to launch programs that would have a quick effect upon the struggling economy; resulting the New Deal -- a complex, interlocking set of programs designed to produce jobs, economic recovery, and fiscal reform of banking and Wall Street -- exactly what was needed, it seems to turn the Titanic in a new direction (Badger). Then, of course, came the war, which stimulated the economy like nothing else, but also created shortages and hardships. When the war was over, the social pressures were far different. There was a new level of expectation from the returning GIs, new technology that kept the world within one's living room, suburban growth, more technological jobs, and as the decades progressed Civil Rights, Women's Rights, an unpopular "police action," and a fundamental and aggressive War on Poverty. All these events required a different type of public administration, one that was less "governmental" than the New Deal, and one that would be more socially resopnsible to the evolving needs of the population. This culminates still with not the Congress making some of the decisions about public money, but according to the New Administrative State, the Courts acting in a new role -- that of juridical federalism (Wright 254).

Question 4 -- Fesler and post-war public administration - The post-war period of American history provided a number of challenges that focused on cultural, political, social, technological, and administrative functions. From 1933 to 1939, Americans saw public administration in a new light -- a combined rescue effort that would literally change the face of the country; providing jobs, housing, a new lifestyle, and protections never before offered. From 1941-1946 America was operating in…… [Read More]

References:
Shepherd, G. "Fierce Compromise: The Administrative Procedure Act Emerges From New Deal Politics." Administrative and Regulatory Law News 22.2 (1997).

Wilson, W. Woodrow Wilson: The Essential Political Writings. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2005.

Wright, D. "A Century of the Intergovernmental Administrative State." Changler, R. A Centennial History of the American Administrative State. New York: Free Press, 1987. 219-60.
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World War II in Europe Essay

Words: 1427 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23478242



By attacking from the North, Hitler effectively bypassed France's only real defense against invasion. Within two weeks, Paris was under Nazi control, and still seething from the harsh terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, Hitler demanded that the surrender terms be signed in the very same spot as the armistice that ended that war, and in the very same railroad car, which he had brought out from its museum display for that purpose3. Belgium had surrendered to Germany without firing a shot, effectively dooming France to Nazi occupation, and nearly sealing the fate of more than a quarter million British troops sent to support Britain's ally, France. Only a last-

3. Hayes & Faissler p.444 minute scramble saved the British from capture, at the port city of Dunkirk, where the British used thousands of ships, boats, and dinghies to rescue them all and ferry them back to England after Belgium surrendered.. Italy, a Nazi ally, then declared war on France and Britain, hoping to be included in any post-war negotiations to her benefit4.

Hitler prepared to invade England from occupied France, and began a vicious and extensive aerial bombing campaign, using incendiary bombs on civilian population centers of England. Though vastly outnumbered, the British Royal Air Force (RAF) rallied to the defense. Using superior aircraft in the Spitfire and Hurricane, in combination with the timely invention of Radar, the RAF handed the mighty Luftwaffe its first major combat defeat in the Battle of Britain in Summer of 1940. Churchill, who had since replaced Chamberlain as Prime Minister, famously credited the RAF pilots, saying, "Never have so many owed so much to so few." Despite 40,000 civilian dead and hundreds of thousands of homes and businesses destroyed, the British people spent months in blackout conditions and underground shelters, living by the phrase "We'll get used to it." 5

Under their Non-Aggression Pact of 1939, Germany had occupied Western Poland and Russia took control of Poland in the east. However, Stalin never trusted Hitler and both…… [Read More]

Resources:
Commager, H.S., Miller, D.L. The Story of World War II: Revised, Expanded & Updated from the Original Text by Henry Steele Commager (2002)

Hayes, C., Faissler, M. Modern Times: The French Revolution to the Present (1966)
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World War Turning Point Europe Significant Change Essay

Words: 2238 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90985032

World War Turning Point Europe, Significant Change Occurred Emergence Legitimate Revolutionary Regimes

Self-Determination in Cuba

There are few who would dispute the fact that following the conclusion of World War II and prior to its revolution (which began in 1953 and concluded on January 1 of 1959) Cuba was a prosperous region of the world that was certainly worth fighting for. The country's leader prior to the ascendancy of Fidel Castro, Fulgencio Batista, had cleverly manipulated the assistance of a number of external forces, primarily that of the United States, to assist the country in achieving a degree of economic gain and modernity the likes of which were comparable to, if not surpassing, those of other parts of the world.

Its economic prowess may be demonstrated from the following quotation. "Cuba in 1958, prior to the government of the Communist Fidel Castro, paid its employees an average of $3.00 per hour, which was higher that year than that of Belgium ($2.70); Denmark ($2.86); France ($1.74; West Germany ($2.73); and comparable to the United States ($4.06)" (Epperson, 1985). In terms of standards of living, there is documentation to support the fact that among South American countries, Cuba was third in the percentage of literacy, first in the percentage of education, lowest in mortality rates, second in the amount of doctors per 1,000 people, third in the number of dentists per 1,000 people, second in per capita income, and fourth in wages per employee (Epperson, 1985).

However, it should be noted that such figures may be misleading when it comes to representing the daily life lived by the majority of the Cuban population, who did not factor into the labor union largess and see the apparent boons from benefactors such as the United States commerce and government. Income disparities existed, and despite the presence of a mercurial middle class, there were still vast amounts of impoverished people in agrarian environments who did not enjoy any of the aforementioned benefits. Therefore, when Castro's regime was able to oust Batista from the country, it was able to legitimize its revolution under the banner of self-determination of a nation that would be (largely) free of external influences and one which would redistribute its resources and commodities to the vast majority of the people, who had previously only labored to produce them and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Epperson, R.A. (1985). The Unseen Hand. Arizona: Publius.

Guevara, C. (2005). Cuba: Historical Exception or Vanguard in the Colonial Struggle? Retrieved from http://www.marxists.org/archive/guevara/1961/04/09.htm
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WW2 for FDR the Second World War Essay

Words: 425 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49435703

WW2

For FDR, the Second World War served as a vital opportunity to revitalize the American economy after years of depression. Therefore, a large part of Roosevelt's justifications, ideas, and visions of the war centered on the economy. The war boosted employment levels, helped involve more women in the workforce, and propelled the industrial development of the nation. The war machine offered impetus for financial investments in industry as well as impetus for developing new technology. In fact, the war era led directly to the consumer culture that was to rise to the fore in the Truman years. Roosevelt had also promoted a bigger federal government even in the years prior to entering the war. The war gave the president the ultimate excuse to further his New Deal plans for greater federal powers.

The bombing of Pearl Harbor served as a convenient excuse to shed America's neutrality and enter into the war on the Allied side in December 1941. Roosevelt has been often accused of wanting to go to war far before the Japanese attack: Hamilton Fish, a Republican congressman who stood in direct opposition to Roosevelt's war polices, stated of the President, "He would have gotten us into the war six months or a year before Pearl Harbor."

During the course…… [Read More]

Sources:
Schultz, Stanley K. "World War Two: The Impact at Home." 1999 Ameircan History 102: Civil War to the Present. Online at < http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture21.html>.
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World War II the Use of Atomic Essay

Words: 660 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94462779

World War II

The Use of Atomic Weapons on Japan in WWII

The Second World War officially began in 1939 with the evasion of Poland by Germany. The United States of America did not officially enter this international conflict of epic scale until the Japanese attacked American and European territories in the Pacific in 1941. The war persisted until 1945, culminating with the surrender of Japan and Germany to the U.S. & Allied Forces. During World War II, the world saw the first demonstrations of nuclear weapons -- atomic bombs. There were two infamous attacks on Japan by the U.S. On Nagasaki and Hiroshima, where the atomic bombs were dropped and caused unparalleled damage. The paper will provide a historical and political context within which to consider why the United States of America resorted to the use of atomic bombs upon Japan.

War campaigns waged by Germany and Japan were widely successful. Germany successfully invaded and conquered several critical European territories, providing them with substantial tactical advantage and a serious boost to their morale. Allied with countries such as Japan, who additionally saw military victories, the war was moving in their favor. Because WWII was one of the largest wars that spanned great distances and still is known to be one of the bloodiest wars in human history, the implications for whomever the winning side of the war was (is), the stakes for victory were of epic proportions. This is one of the reasons why the United States resorted to atomic bombs in efforts to stop Japan and stop the war. In essence, the times were very desperate, and as the adage states, "desperate times call for desperate measures."

As with most forms of technology, it is not only just one person or one country that is developing the technology or playing with the ideas. Ideas for technology are always in the air, and it is just a matter of which party is able to produce and in this case,…… [Read More]

References:
Aviation History. (2006) World War II -- Second Atomic Bomb that Ended the War. Available from  http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-second-atomic-bomb-that-ended-the-war.htm . 2012 June 25.

Henretta. (2009) Chapters 23 -- 26. Provided.
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World War I Known at Essay

Words: 3255 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87605902



Conscription

From the beginning of the war, there had been some variation in the Canadian attitude toward the conflict. Canada never questioned the legitimacy of the war and did not question the need for Canadian participation. There were differences of opinion, though, concerning how extensive the Canadian contribution should be. These variations affected the response to calls for enlistment and divided the country as the towns were more willing than the countryside, the prairies more willing than the Atlantic seaboard, and "it was observed that the proportion of enlistments achieved by any social group appeared to vary almost inversely to the length of its connection with Canada. On the one hand, the British-born -- the new arrivals with a large proportion of unattached males of military age -- gave the highest percentage of their numbers to the armed services, and, on the other hand, the French Canadians unquestionably gave the lowest percentage of theirs." Francophone Canada was not disposed to the war even before the conscription issue, and it certainly was not more disposed to it after. As one historian notes,

For most English-speaking Canadians the war came before all else; for the French it was subordinated to certain national interests. The French press devoted more attention to the Ontario question than to the struggle in Europe, and the nationalist agitation had reached into the farthest backwaters of the province, leaving Quebec ill-disposed towards measures for furthering a war effort which it already considered too great.

In fact, the French Canadians were the oldest of the Canadian groups and had the least respect for Great Britain. They were tied to their homeland and to their community in Quebec:

They were far more concerned to defend the values of their provincial culture in Canada than they were to protect the interests of Canada in the world at large; and naturally, when Ontario established a new regulation limiting the use of French as a language of instruction and as a subject of study in the province, their feelings were aroused as they had never been by the conflict in Europe.

The French Canadians were not the only population antagonistic to conscription, for organized labor was also opposed. The farmers agreed only so long as there was an exemption for their sons. Still, French Canada constituted the largest…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Ameringer, Charles D. Political Parties of the Americas, 1980s to 1990s: Canada, Latin America, and the West Indie.

Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1992.
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World War I Like All Essay

Words: 1716 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82623559

National debt and veterans benefits for example drove a permanent increase in taxes, although these were not as high as during the war. The country's international economic position was also permanently affected. Its pre-war status as a debtor country was permanently changed to a net creditor, in the order of $6.4billion. Also, the power as financial world leader shifted from London and the Bank of England to New York, with an enhancement of the Federal Reserve's role (World War I History). In general, it appears as if the war effort had a favorable impact on the U.S. economy. The devastating human and resource losses were offset by favorable economic factors. In this way, World War I changed the economic position of the United States both permanently and favorably.… [Read More]

References:
Duffy, Michael. "The Causes of World War I." FirstWorldWar.com feature articles. March 27, 2004.  http://www.firstworldwar.com/origins/causes.htm " rel="follow" target="_blank">