The artworks prevalent during the early Middle Ages in many ways stand between these two extremes. The art of this period was one that was both religiously inclined but also celebrated the human form and human nature that was to become so prominent in the Renaissance. In many ways much of early Medieval art was similar to the abstract and decorative art that we find in Islamic examples. An example that has been chosen to represent this early period of European art is the Gerona Bible Master from Bologna, Italy,
This decorative example displays intricate artwork that emphasizes and enhances the Biblical context. The text or lyrics on the page refers to hymnal and religious phrases of praise, such as "Let us rejoice" (Art: Middle Ages). Note the way that the decorative images add depth to the aesthetics of the script and the manuscript as a whole.
Another good example from this period is the Lindisfarne Gospels.
Figure 4. Lindisfarne Gospels
The Lindisfarne Gospels is described as "…one of Britain's greatest art treasures, and was probably made on Holy Island in Northumbria (North-East England), in the late seventh or early eighth century" ( The Lindisfarne Gospels Tour). This exquisitely designed and painted manuscript "…contains the oldest surviving translation of the Gospels into English" ( The Lindisfarne Gospels Tour).
The resemblance between this work and the style of many Islamic artworks is obvious from the above discussion. Both show the same decorative embellishments of the religious text that acts as a support for the religious or spiritual message.
However it is also true that one cannot make overarching and definitive generalizations about a period of art. For example, we often find figurative elements in both Islamic and Medieval artworks. An example would be The Battle of Kay Khusraw and Afrasiyab, by Persian artist Salik ibn Sa'id ( 1493-1494 AD).
Figure 5. The Battle of Kay Khusraw and Afrasiyab
In general, while Islamic art is characterized by a representation,...
In this sense many critics comment that the Roman art was more secular in nature in than the religious art of Islam and the early middle ages.
In this discussion on these different periods and cultures it becomes clear that one shouldn't make the mistake of assuming that a period of art is homogenous. In other words, there are many differences and variations in a single culture or time period; for example Islamic art is extremely varied and is influenced by a number of different sources.
The above brief analysis and comparison is intended as a discursive overview of the different periods and cultures. As noted this overview is not exhaustive by any means. What is however clear from the above is that there are some cardinal differences between Islamic art and both Roman and medieval art. The most striking difference is the greater emphasis of decorative elements that is religiously inspired, compared to the more secular Roman art. This can be seen in the emphasis on the human figure, power and fame, which is markedly absent from early Islamic.
Art and architecture of the Early Middle Ages. Retrieved from http://www.artandpopularculture.com/Middle_Ages
Art: Middle Ages. Retrieved from http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/m/middleages.html
Middle Ages. Retrieved from http://www.answers.com/topic/middle-ages
Roman art. Retrieved from http://www.artchive.com/artchive/R/roman.html Siddiqui E.
Islamic Art. Retrieved from http://www.colostate.edu/orgs/MSA/find_more/islart.html
ISLAMIC ART AND ARCHITECTURE. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?vendorId=FWNE.fw..is045900.a
The Lindisfarne Gospels Tour. Retrieved from http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/hightours/lindgosp/large17328.html
The Nature of Islamic Art. Retrieved from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/orna/hd_orna.htm
The new and ancient technology that was being imported from Middle East together with the turn to rebirth Europe was a representation of one of the greatest transfer in the field of technology to have been recorded in history (Wallace, 56). Conclusion The Muslims specialized a lot in the sciences that existed and civilizations reliable with Islam and established them. All this was accomplished thanks to the Islamic conditioning and conscious
Islamic Civilization Islam, as a religion, has been adopted and is practiced by a variety of different ethnic groups and cultures around the world; and each ethnic group has had an influence on Islamic culture. As Islam spread out from its home in Arabia, the followers of Mohammed were joined by a number of different ethnic groups who adopted Islam. From Spain to Persia, India to Indonesia, Islamic Civilization is a
Islam Ibn Khaldun conceptualized history in terms of transformations of social and political power, leading to cultural changes. This was especially true for the expanding Muslim world, of which Ibn Khaldun was a part. During the Middle Islamic periods, scholarship and learning became entrenched throughout the Muslim world and would have a tremendous impact on the evolution of human consciousness and society. Art, architecture, science, medicine, math, and engineering all flourished
Islam Al Andalus, ha-Sefarad, Andalucia: "a remarkable medieval culture rooted in pluralism and shaped by religious tolerance," (Menocal, 2000, p. 2). Al-Andalus was a region of cultural convergence and confluence. There, Jew, Muslim, and Christian culture coincided with remarkable intensity and mutual respect. For hundreds of year, as many as eight hundred, Andalucian culture represented the pinnacle of peace among the all the People of Abraham. Such a time of peace
Art History Client paid for This sculpture is from Cambodia, in the Angkor period. The statue is 22.75 inches high, which is just under two feet. The majority of the statue is made from bronze, but it is ornamented with inlaid silver. The tiny Amitabha Buddha is seated within the topknot of hair on the Bodhisattva's head. Although the posture is erect with a very straight back, the Bodhisattva is not well
Iconography: In many ways, the iconography left behind at the Dome of the Rock for our evaluation provides only partial insight into the events that inspired it. We are left to interpret this based on the historical knowledge and immediate evidence available to us. According to Rabbat, "Muslims around the world believe it was built to commemorate a decisive event in the Prophet Muhammad's mission, namely his Night Journey from Mecca