Bacteria Pseudomonas Bacteria This Study Concerns the Annotated Bibliography

Excerpt from Annotated Bibliography :


Pseudomonas Bacteria

This study concerns the Pseudomonas type bacterium strains that have, in recent years, become more of a concern for medical professionals. The primary issue is that several different types of the bacteria, especially pseudomonas aeruginosa, have been shown to have a resistance to many common antibiotics. Another issue with this genus is that it is a very common type of bacteria that naturally occurs in the soil, in plant matter and on humans. Therefore, it has been widely studied, and the dangers of pseudomonas infection have been widely documented.

Using different imaging techniques the infection from pseudomonas aerignosa has been shown in different types of pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, endocarditis, and bone and joint infections. The damage done to different types of tissue shows up on scans as fibrosis, lesions, erosions and other evident deteriorations. The issue is both that this common bacterium can cause significant cellular damage and that it is becoming more resistant to treatment.

It is an important topic for healthcare workers because of its virulence. The pseudomonas genus in general (pseudomonas aeruginosa in particular) has become a major health issue in recent years. This does not mean that the bacterium did not have negative health effects before, but because of its ability to form antibiotic resistant strains the bacterium is of a particular danger. Because of this present danger this seemed like an essential topic to research from the umbrella topic of challenges to healthcare.

Any research project that furthers professional development is worthy of study, and completing this exercise will allow students to become more familiar with methods of research including how to search for material and place it in a coherent context. The value of this research can be seen in later studies that must be done. It is a necessary part of any course of study for a healthcare professional.

Section Two

Focus: The primary intention of this study is to show how prevalent and dangerous pseudomonas is in the population. This research will show that the bacterium is present in many different common areas of everyday life and how infection can be avoided.

Pseudomonas Bacteria and the Challenges it Offers to Healthcare.

Section Three

There are difficulties with any search for relevant material, so it is best to have a plan before beginning. In general, it seems best to use databases that have lists of full text articles because these can be guaranteed peer-reviewed whereas those had from internet search engines often cannot. Therefore, this search entailed the use of the Questia database which contains a large amount of appropriate source material, some search engine work, and a search through the articles of certain periodicals known to the author for their appropriateness to the topic.

The keywords used in the various searches were relatively consistent since the type of material desired was identical in each search. It goes without saying that the term pseudomonas would be used in each, but initial thinking was that it must be further specified to narrow the number of responses gleaned. Thus the following list was initially used:

Pseudomonas; pseudomonas healthcare; pseudomonas health; radiology pseudomonas; and, radiotherapy pseudomonas.

The thought in compiling this list was to use the terms which presented themselves in the initial guidelines of the assignment, and that this would prove sufficient. That was a false hope.

As the search proceeded, it was necessary to modify some of the search terms because they were found to be too broad. For example, the search term "pseudomonas" brought back more than 300 possible articles that could be used. Since this would be too many, and many of the articles found were of a dense medical nature, it was necessary to further narrow the requests. Following is a modified list:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa; pseudomonas flouescens; pseudomonas health antibiotic; pseudomonas antibiotic resistance.

These terms helped to narrow the focus of the search, and along with some of the prior search terms provided the articles used for the bibliography.

The search was effective in that it yielded more than enough articles to choose from, and it was possible to narrow the focus of the research due to the abundance of topics researched under the general heading "pseudomonas." The initial difficulty was in narrowing down the topic to a manageable level which was consistent with the assignment. Another problem occurred in attempting to find search terms that were useable and would result in the type of articles needed. However, after reading several of the articles it was easier to determine proper search terms.

Section Four

Note: Since giving the required two bullet points for each entry and five for key entries would take this project far beyond the required 6 pages, I am going to simply list the sources here, send the articles to you and complete the last section with three of these sources as the "key sources."

Adeyemi, A.I., Sulaiman, A.A., Solomon, B.B., Chinedu, O.A., & Victor, I.A. (2010). Bacterial bloodstream infections in HIV-affected adults attending a Lagos teaching hospital. Journal of Health Population & Nutrition, 28(4), 318-328.

Annand, J.W., Bajaj, N., Sheth, A., Burgess, J., & Brooke, J.S. (2009). Potential pathogens and effective disinfectants at a large urban United States university. Journal of Environmental Health, 71(6), 24-32.

Dau, B., Oda, G., & Holodniy, M. (2009). Infectious complications in OIF/OEF veterans with traumatic brain injury. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 46(6), 371-392.

Greene, L.A. (2000). New antibiotics put bacteria in a bind. Environmental Health Perspectives, 108(12), 551.

Khorshidi, A., & Sharif, A.R. (2010). Imipenem resistance among gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria in hospitalized patients. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 39(2), 110-118.

Lee, J., & Deininger, R.A. (2010). Rapid detection of enterococci in marine beach water by immunomagnetic capture and bioluminescence and its comparison with conventional methods. Journal of Environmental Health, 72(9), 8-22.

Loving, A. L, & Perz, J. (2007). Microbial flora on restaurant beverage lemon slices. Journal of Environmental Health, 70(5), 18-30.

Perspectives in Public Health. (2012). Managing water safety in healthcare: A snapshot of a conference by the Royal Society for Public Health. Perspectives in Public Health, 132, 202-203.

Potera, C. (2012). Common bacterium induces histamine production in neutrophils. Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(5), 190.

Sandhu, A., Gross, M., Wylie, J., Van Caeseele, P., & Plourde, P. (2007). Pseudomonas aeruginosa necrotizing chondritis complicating high helical ear piercing case report: clinical and public health perspectives. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 98(1), 74-83.

Sapkota, A.R., Berger, S., & Vogel, T.M. (2010). Human pathogens abundant in the bacterial metagenome of cigarettes. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118(3), 351-374.

Schillinger, J., & Knorr, S.D.V. (2004). Drinking-water quality and issues associated with water vending machines in the City of Los Angeles. Journal of Environmental Health, 66(6), 25-43.

Stamper, D.M., Holm, E.R., & Brizzolara, R.A. (2008). Exposure times and energy densities for ultrasonic disinfection of Escherichia coli, pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus avium, and sewage. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, 7(2), 139-151.

Stein, R.A. (2011). Antibiotic resistance: A global, interdisciplinary concern. American Biology Teacher, 73(6), 314-340.

World Health Organization (WHO). (1994). Therapeutic approaches to Cystic Fibrosis: Memorandum from a joint WHO/ICF (M)A meeting. Bulletin of the World Health Organizations, 72(3), 341-358.

Section Five

Following are the three key sources used in guiding this research.

Greene, L.A. (2000). New antibiotics put bacteria in a bind. Environmental Health Perspectives, 108(12), 551.

This article was written more than a decade ago and talks about then revolutionary concepts in the fight to stave off the resistance that bacteria were gaining to antibiotics. The article discusses a study conducted by a chemist at the Scripps Research Institute which attempted to bind certain types of antibiotics to bacterial RNA. This technique apparently helped the scientists determine if it was possible to interrupt the development of resistance prior to its happening. This article is foundational in that it provides research into one of the first studies conducted regarding methods for controlling the impending decline of antibiotic usefulness. The article explains how antibiotics, which are the only useful tools in fighting bacterial infections, have been used historically, how they have decreased in value to fight infections, and how this new research can possibly greatly increase the effectiveness of future antibiotics.

This article would be used for its information regarding methods for combatting the increasing ineffectiveness of antibiotics. Since much of the proposed essay would discuss how pseudomonas has become more resistant to antibiotics in recent years, it is necessary to have other articles which discuss studies that seek to alleviate this problem. After reading many articles which talked about the prevalence of pseudomonas in various common spaces, it is essential for healthcare workers to understand that there are possible methods to overcome this alarming trend. This article helps the professional better understand where that research comes from and where it is going.

Perspectives in Public Health. (2012). Managing water safety in healthcare: A snapshot of a conference by the Royal Society for Public Health. Perspectives in Public Health, 132, 202-203.

This article is a series of vignettes which describe the proceedings at a conference…

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