Cognitive Training For Independent And Vital Elderly Essay

Length: 2 pages Sources: 1 Subject: Not Specified Type: Essay Paper: #74074241 Related Topics: Elderly, Alzheimers, Training, Dementia
Excerpt from Essay :

¶ … Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly -- ACTIVE) was a randomized controlled, single-blind trial; the group design was with four groups, which included " ... 3 treatment groups and a control group" (Willis, et al., 2006).

Participant selection: the researchers had recruited 2,832 elder persons (who lived independently, not in nursing homes, for example) that averaged 73.6 years of age; the researchers located the participants from community centers, senior housing, clinics and hospitals in 6 American cities (Birmingham; Detroit; Indianapolis; State College, PA; Boston; and Baltimore). These individuals were originally recruited in April 1998 and there was a follow-up in December 2004; 67% of the original sample participated in 2004.

Assignment to groups: those who were disqualified from the study included: younger than 65; or had serious cognitive decline; had other "substantial impairments"; had Alzheimer disease; were near death or in serious decline; nearly blind, nearly deaf or had trouble communicating adequately; had recent cognitive training; or were simply going to be unavailable for the whole of the study period

Assignment to groups and description of the groups and the treatment: There were four groups in all; three of them were part of the intervention groups included a "narrowly" targeted a certain cognitive ability (memory, reasoning, or speed of processing); for the memory training they used "mnemonic strategies" (including ability to organize, visualize make associations and remember word lists); for the reasoning intervention teaching strategies were used " ... for finding the pattern in a letter ... and identifying the next word or letter in a series"; and for the speed of processing an image was presented on a computer screen at "increasingly brief exposures" (Willis, 2808).

Outcome measures: Besides the initial sessions described above, there were "booster training" sessions at 11 and 35 months; those lasted 75 minutes and were designed to "maintain the improvement in cognitive ability." Cognitive outcomes measured how effective each intervention was in the various cognitive abilities of the participants; for memory training 3 measures of verbal ability were tested; also 3 reasoning abilities were tested; and 3 outcomes were measured for speed of processing (Willis, 2808).

What were the researchers actually testing -- what did they hope to find out?

This was reportedly the first study of its kind to…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Willis, S.L., Tennsdedt, S. L., Marsiske, M., Ball, K., Elias, J., Koepke, K.M., Morris, J.N.,

Rebok, G.W., Unverzagt, F.W., Stoddard, A.M., and Wright, E. (2006). Long-Term

Effects of Cognitive Training on Everyday Functional Outcomes in Older Adults.

Journal of the American Medical Association, 296(23). 2805-2014.

Cite this Document:

"Cognitive Training For Independent And Vital Elderly" (2015, October 16) Retrieved January 27, 2022, from

"Cognitive Training For Independent And Vital Elderly" 16 October 2015. Web.27 January. 2022. <>

"Cognitive Training For Independent And Vital Elderly", 16 October 2015, Accessed.27 January. 2022,

Related Documents
Elderly Depression: A Review of
Words: 1332 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 82468916

The authors of this research studied 690 individuals between the ages 65 and 89 over a five-year period. They called the survey the "Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly" study (ACTIVE) -- and the results indicate that "cognitive reserve reflects the persistence of earlier differences in cognitive functioning" as opposed to the differential rates of "age-associated cognitive declines" (Tucker-Drob, p. 431). Moreover, the authors offer a pair of

Restraint in the Elderly
Words: 1163 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 30376793

Restraining the Elderly Project Management The Project Management path for this research proposal will follow the path of quantitative research in a 'quasi-experimental' environment. Adhering as closely as possible to quantitative experiments designed to establish the causal factors or interdependent links between grouped variables, the researcher will follow a natural course of progression in administering dependent and independent variables, designing the sampling set, determining the optimal time(s) and location(s) for conducting the

Women's Issues Women Elderly Abuse
Words: 3092 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Family and Marriage Paper #: 25988572

In a study of the prevalence of elder abuse in the United States, financial difficulties on the part of the abuser did appear to be an important risk factor (Krug, 2002, pp. 130-131). Relationship factors - in the early theoretical models, the level of stress of caregivers was seen as a risk factor that linked elder abuse with care of an elderly relative. While the accepted image of abuse depicts

Preferences in Learning Between American
Words: 23082 Length: 65 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 88878710

The trainer will then focus on the steps to be taken to develop new skills. For example, if the trainer wants to talk about motivating, leading, negotiating, selling or speaking, it is best to start with what the learners do well before showing some chart on Maslow's theory, Posner's leadership practices, or selling skills from some standard package that has been develop elsewhere. Many foreign trainers make grave errors

Prenatal Care and Health Care
Words: 8616 Length: 32 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 42857868

In the twenty-first century, women should have easy access to available resources to assist them in their pregnancy. In addition, available technology to detect difficulties during pregnancies is widespread in the medical field; however, disadvantaged women in Atlanta, Georgia do not benefit from these resources. Each year, maternal care expands in resources and knowledge. Equipped physicians can diagnose birth defects long before a mother gives birth. Absurdly, poor twenty-first

Adult Day Care Industry
Words: 5610 Length: 18 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 8036286

Adult Day Care Industry ABC Adult Day Care will be a mid-sized company, which will provide adult day care services to the residents of Boston. This mid-sized adult care facility will serve adults aged fifty years and above. It will provide community-based day health services for the elderly and disabled. Services offered include living assistance, nursing, therapy, meals, and social activities. Their services will be secure and safe, presenting the elderly