Determining Reliability And Validity Research Paper

Length: 3 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Psychology Type: Research Paper Paper: #61269276 Related Topics: Testing
Excerpt from Research Paper :

¶ … Reliability and Validity in Psychological Testing

In any kind of academic and professional testing, it is important to obtain at least some degree of reliability and validity. Failing this, the tests cannot be applied for results that are consistent or usable in an academic setting, since they cannot be verified in terms of repeatability or in comparison to other results. In psychology, which is more often than not studied by qualitative rather than quantitative means, it is often difficult to establish reliability and validity, since the specific numbers to do so are lacking. However, there are means to ensure an optimal level of validity and reliability in this kind of testing

Reliability

According to Kline (2013, p. 7), reliability comes in two distinct manifestations: Reliability in terms of consistency over time, and reliability in terms of internal consistency. Overtime, reliability is determined by administering tests to the same individuals on more than one occasion. When the results are the same or similar, the reliability is at a high level. This is also known as an instrument's test-retest reliability. Internal...

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The danger with this type of reliability is that the test items may simply be paraphrases of each other, which negatively affects the validity of the instrument (Kline, 2013, p. 13).

The importance of the reliability factor in test instruments is shown in studies such as the one conducted by Narrow et al. (2013). In this document, the level or reliability for several populations were measured when administering test items for the cross-cutting symptom in terms of the DSM-5 measurement document. The authors found the test-retest reliability of instrument items good to excellent. In terms of the populations being interviewed, parents proved to be reliable in terms of reporting symptoms in their children. For child respondents, however, responses were less uniformly reliable, while clinicians were able to rate psychosis reliably but not clinical domains when it comes to psychosis for children or suicide across the age groups.

Validity

The validity of a psychometric test is high when the test is shown to measure what it intended to measure. According to Kline (2013, p. 17), many psychometric tests have surprisingly low validity, which demonstrates the complicated nature of the matter and its measurement. In psychological testing, validity is often difficult to measure because of the fluid nature of the concept of validity; there is no singular measure or statistic against which it can be measured for validity. For those attempting to determine the validity level of a psychometric test, there are…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Kline, P. (2013). Handbook of Psychological Testing. New York: Routledge

Narrow, W.E., Clarke, D.E., Kuramoto, S.J., Kraemer, H.C., Kupfer, D.J., Greiner, L., and Regier, D.A. (2013, Jan.) DSM-5 Field Trials in the United States and Canada, Part III: Development and Reliability Testing of a Cross-Cutting Symptom Assessment for DSM-5. The American Journal of Psychiatry. 170(1).

Raz, S., Bar-Haim, Y., Sadeh, A., and Dan, O. (2014). Reliability and Validity of Online Continuous Performance Test Among Young Adults. Assessment. 21(1).

Salzer, M.S. And Brusilovsky, E. (2014, Apr.). Advancing Recovery Science: Reliability and Validity Properties of the Recovery Assessment Scale. Psychiatric Services. 65(4).


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