Type II Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes. It is a medical disorder that, due to a number of factors codependent with the modern world, is characterized by higher than normal blood glucose levels that play havoc with insulin deficiency and resistance. There is no cure, per se, for the disease, although if managed through exercise and diet it usually diminishes. However, if untreated, Type II Diabetes may become quite serious and require the medication of symptoms in order to the patient to maintain a productive life ("Diabetes Australia," 2010).
Diabetes is one of Australia's top six health priorities, besides being a serious global health risk. Scholars estimate about 8% of the population have clinically diagnosed diabetes, but only a limited number are actually diagnosed. The disease itself is considered to be related to natural influences from the developing world: rising obesity rates, lifestyle issues, and the general lack of exercise most Australians receive (Zimmer, 2002).
One of the more serious aspects of type II diabetes is the new prevalence of onset during later teen years, most likely completely due to rising obesity patterns in children. Symptoms for both children and adults range from chronic fatigue, general weakness and malaise to