Effective Teamwork And Teams Chapter

Length: 6 pages Subject: Business Type: Chapter Paper: #49066349 Related Topics: Team Building, Things Fall Apart, High Performance Team, Team Performance
Excerpt from Chapter :

Leadership

Attributes of effective teams

Establishment of team "Norms"

Four stages of team development

Seven tools for developing team leader credibility

Three different Roles

Attributes of effective teams

Decision tech began to fall apart after two years into their business. Though the company had all the resources that any company would need to achieve success, the company missed crucial deadlines and could not stop attrition of key personnel.

The board of the company ultimately decided to change the leadership. It was evident that the company executives and the workers were not functioning as a team. This has resulted in the dismal performance of the company. The morale of the company was down as well. When the CEO was asked to step down, the employees were not surprise.

As a team the Decision Tech team lacked a few vital qualities that are needed for most teams to succeed.

The first quality that is required for an effective team is members of the team are found to be more efficient working together than alone. In decision Tech team this was clearly lacking among the members of the team. The employees clearly agreed that under the leadership of the CEO, the atmosphere in the company had deteriorated and thus it is evident that the individual team members did not function as a team and hence could not flourish.

In effective teams there is generally a have a high level of trust among members. In teams that are successful, the individual members are generally interested in others' success as well as their own. IN the Decision Tech team, this was completely missing. The team under the CEO had no sense of camaraderie and there was no unity in the team, let along individuals getting happy at o other's success and therefore the level of commitment was mutated. In fact the middle management and the executive were troubled with a lot of back stabbing. Things took a lot of time to get completed and the results were not good.

Another requirement for effective teams is that the members care for and nurture one another. Members are valued and appreciated and treated as an integral part of the team. From the above facts stated about the Decision Tech team, this was not at all present in the team. Therefore the team did not do well.

Establishment of team "Norms"

Before the appointment of Kathryn as the CEO of the company, the board of directors, who worked and functioned and took decision as a team, went through the normative process that teams undergo when they were deciding on the appointment of Kathryn. The Chairman of the company acted as the team leader of the team though the views and opinions of the other board members were taken into account.

The team was trying to build up a norm for the decision of appointment of Kathryn and the typical behaviors that are seen at the time of norm formation were visible.

The team members were communicating with each other, one of the primary behaviors during the stage of norms formation in a team. The board members openly communicated with each other on the issue. The communication was to such a good level that even the sanity of the chairman was questioned about his persistence to hire Kathryn.

The team exhibited behaviors of shared stereotypes as the members finally dismissed the rumors and talk against the appointment of Kathryn and believed the Chairman when he assured them that Kathryn would succeed.

The behavior of illusion of invulnerability was exhibited that entails that the team has faith in the past records of success. In this case the board had faith that the extremely good instincts of the chairman, that had been successful in the past, would again succeed. The board members washed away case of the former CEO as an aberration.

The team showed behaviors of rationalization when they agreed that Decision tech was in a desperate condition and that there not too many executives were willing to take the responsibility of CEO of the company given the sorry state of the company. The team rationalized away the threats to ensure that...

...

The formative process of the team at Decision Tech followed the four stages of building a team. These were:

Forming

This is the first stage of the formation of a team. At this stage, the various members of a team are brought together and a relatively new team is formed. Individuals are most often not sure about their roles and responsibilities and hence there is anxiousness prevalent at this stage. While, on the other hand, there might be others who could be excited about the tasks that they were about to be given. This was evident from the novel where Kathryn brought the executive team to an off-site meeting. There were executives like Mike who were apprehensive while there were others who were interested about the tam formation like Nick. However it is apparent from the novel that none of the members of the team were aware completely about what their roles and responsibilities would be. The team member also came to know a little bit about each other. Kathryn in the novel did this when everyone was asked to talk about their past childhood except about their careers.

Norming

This is usually the second stage of a teambuilding exercise where certain rules and norms applicable to the team are developed. This was the primary work that was done by Kathryn at the off-site meeting. Through extensive interactions she managed to draw up a chart of what the team should not do and what behavioral changes were required in the team to achieve success and to turn Decision tech back onto the path of success. For example, Kathryn established that the team lacked trust among the team members, there was fear of conflict within the team and hence everyone confronted the other during meetings, there was lack of commitment for the achievement of the team goal, accountability was often avoided and there was more emphasis on the personal achievement than the inattention to achieve the team results. The novel clearly sets these as norms that are to be avoided by the team to be able to function properly.

Storming

This is the third stage of team building where the people themselves try to achieve more than those that were set in the norming stage. In the novel, the participation of Mike in the debates and discussion after initial hic ups is an indication of the storming that Kathryn created in the team while they were on the off-site meeting. There were also occasions when Kathryn insisted that team members should confront and debate the comments of each other and many of the team members did so during the meetings and the session. This resulted in the exhibition of storming in the team building exercise for Decision tech.

Performing

The performing stage of team building is achieved when the team through hard work leads to the achievement of the coals for the team without any disturbance or friction in between. This happened at the Decision Tech when the team came back from the off-site meeting and performed well to achieve that which had not been achieved in the preceding two years of the company's history.

The essential behavioral changes that the team at the Decision tech managed to gather form the off-site meetings were trust building in one another, betterment of personal relations, intent to confront team members in a constructive manner, participating in the meetings and discussions and improvement of overall morale of the team.

Seven tools for developing team leader credibility

Kathryn displayed and put to use almost all the traits that create credibility for a leader. She displayed integrity. During the entire novel Kathryn clearly stuck to what she believed and talked about. She behaved congruently with her beliefs which were evident form the way she handled the entire tow day off-site meeting and in small incidents when she insisted that everyone should pay attention and participate in the meeting not get engaged in other activities or attention diversion activities.

Kathryn was also very consistent about what she wanted to get out of the meeting. She left no stone unturned to mold the senior executives of decision Tech into an effective team. She clearly stuck to her objective and did not let anyone or any executive of the company to disturb her goals to be achieved from the meeting. The aim of Kathryn was to create a team out of the disoriented team that had been presented to her. She…

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