Euthanasia An Ethical Dilemma Awaiting Full Review Research Paper

Length: 3 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: Ethics and Morality Type: Research Paper Paper: #19060070 Related Topics: Ethical Dilemmas, Ethical Dilemma, Calculus, Assisted Suicide
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Collaborative Learning Community -- Analysis of an Ethical Dilemma

Collaborative Learning Community: Analysis of an Ethical Dilemma

Euthanasia and related ethical implications

Euthanasia, referred to as "mercy killing" in common parlance, is the action of ending the life of an individual suffering from painful and extended injury or illness (Center for Health Ethics, 2011). Euthanasia implies that another individual, excluding the patient carries out an action with the intention of ending the patient's life, for instance, a lethal dose of medicine being injected into the patient. It might be voluntary if the patient approves of it, involuntary if the patient says no to it, or even non-voluntary if the patient is unable to approve of it. In euthanasia, an individual makes the means of death available in addition to acting as death's direct agent (American Nurses Association, 2013).

Euthanasia is the act of putting the life of a patient to an end to rid them of their suffering. Normally, such patient would be terminally sick or going through immense pain and suffering.

The origin of the phrase "euthanasia" is the Greek words "eu" meaning good and "thanatos" meaning death. Its concept is that rather than condemning an individual to a slow, agonizing or undignified death, euthanasia would permit the patient to go through a somewhat "good death." "

Ethical Implications

...

Some of them are listed below.

Support

Rights-based argument view

Supporters of the act maintain that a patient possesses the right to make the decision concerning how and when they should die (Bartels & Otlowski, 2010; (Kerridge, Lowe, & Stewart, 2009). This concept is known as autonomy.

Beneficence

Supporters of euthanasia communicate the view that the primary moral value of a society, mercy and empathy, necessitate that no patient should experience intolerable suffering, and mercy killing should be allowed (Norval & Gwyther, 2003).

Criticism

The sanctity of life

This can be viewed from both a religious and a secular basis. The principal philosophy is that human life ought to be valued and preserved. From a Christian perspective, life is a gift from God, who must not be upset by taking it away. Likewise, according to the Islamic faith it is only God who possesses the right to give and take away life (Bulow, et al., 2008)."

Abuse of autonomy and human rights

The voluntary ending of the conditions needed for autonomy is prohibited by the principle of autonomy. In addition, it has also been said that patient's demand for euthanasia are seldom independent, since majority of the terminally ill patients might not be of sound mind and capable of taking important decisions on their own accord (Ebrahimi, 2012).

Obligations to your profession and work as a nurse

Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements Provision 1, Interpretive Statement 1.3 of The…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

American Nurses Association . (2001). Code of Ethics for Nurses with interpretive statements. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Publishing.

American Nurses Association. (2013). Euthanasia, Assisted Suicide, and Aid in Dying. ANA Center for Ethics and Human Rights.

Bartels, L., & Otlowski, M. (2010). A right to die? Euthanasia and the law in Australia. J Law Med, 532-55.

Bulow, H., Sprung, C., Reinhart, K., Prayag, S., Du, B., & Armaganidis, A. (2008). The world's major religions' points-of-view on end-of-life decisions in the intensive care unit. Intensive Care Med, 423-30.
Center for Health Ethics. (2011, June 8). Euthanasia. Retrieved from School of Medicine University of Missouri: http://ethics.missouri.edu/Euthanasia.aspx
rsrevision. (2015, September 16). Ethical responses to euthanasia. Retrieved from Revision: http://www.rsrevision.com/Alevel/ethics/euthanasia/ethics.htm
The Guardian. (2014, july 17). Euthanasia and assisted suicide laws around the world. Retrieved from The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/jul/17/euthanasia-assisted-suicide-laws-world
The Life Resources Charitable Trust. (2011). Global Euthanasia Laws. Retrieved from The Life Resources Charitable Trust: http://www.life.org.nz/euthanasia/euthanasialegalkeyissues/global-euthanasia-laws/


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