Evidence-Based Practice Resource Filtered Unfiltered Clinical Practice Article Review

Excerpt from Article Review :

Evidence-Based Practice

Resource

Filtered

Unfiltered

Clinical Practice Guidelines (1)

Authors combined several studies for efficacy

Block, S.L. (2)

Older data (over 10 years) and used only one research study.

Kelley, et.al. (3)

Credible and systematic; great review of literature

McCracken (4)

Older data (over 10 years) and used only one research study.

No scholarly or academic research, materials is hearsay and anecdotal.

Resource

Primary

Research Evidence

Evidence-Guideline

Evidence Summary

Clinical Practice Guidelines (1)

Inclusion of Primary Research

Includes Guidelines for Best Practices

Summarization of a number of sources, generalized but academic.

Block, S.L. (2)

X

Includes Primary Research

X

Scholarly, peer reviewed and focused on a single research topic within an academic publication.

Kelley, et.al. (3)

X

Summarization of a number of sources, generalized but academic.

McCracken (4)

X

Includes Primary Research

X

Includes Best Practice Guidelines of AOM

X

Summation of Research

Interviews (5)

X

Possible as a component of a larger study, but only if the experimental design is validated using the scientific method.

X

Without the addition of research methods, etc. is not valid evidence

(Sources of Evidence-Based Literature, 2006).

Discussion- Each source under review has some degree of relevancy for nursing. However, each source is also segmented for a different audience and level of competence. The Clinical Practice Guidelines and the portion of the text by Kelley are good basic introductory reviews. Someone with a basic understanding of physiology and medicine would benefit from them as a review or reference. The Block and McCracken research, though, are both the most verifiable, current, and scientific. Both Block and McCracken are peer-reviewed articles, using standard research methodologies that address a specific clinical issue. They use sound principles of research, have thorough literature reviews, good sample selections, and are written and developed in a way that would be relevant to anyone involved in clinical practice. The use of anecdotal evidence, though, is problematical in a professional situation. Particularly when dealing with medical or other personal issues, divergent people have divergent views. When dealing with a group of mother's, for instance, who have anecdotal evidence about their child's medical issue; it is easy to extrapolate their issues into broad categories. However, in the medical field, both best practice and evidence-based guidelines require that material be scholarly and follow standard principles of scientific research.

Part B -- The article Diagnosis and Management of Acute Otitis Media proposes a medical philosophy called Watchful Waiting. The basic idea is that it is not always critical to immediately medicate with strong antibiotics, etc. In some cases. In the case of AOM, there are of course differences regarding age, severity, complications and if chronic. However, the research suggests that it is advisable to wait 48-72 hours before prescribing antibiotics. During this period it is, though, advisable to treat symptoms (fever, chills, discomfort, etc.). Rest has been shown to be one of the best ways toward recovery for children, particularly if discomfort is treated (Glaszhou, et al., 2004).

Part C - Further, the data shows that in most cases AOM infections are not bacterial and thus, impervious to…

Sources Used in Document:

REFERENCES

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Otitis Media. (2004). Pediatrics. 113 (5): 1451-65.

Sources of Evidence-Based Literature. (2006). NYU School of Medicine. Ehrman Medical

Library. Retrieved from: http://library.med.nyu.edu/library/instruction / handouts/pdf/ebmsources.pdf

Minors, Privacy Rights of HIPAA. (2010). University of Miami -- Miller School of Medicine. Retrieved from: http://privacy.med.miami.edu / glossary/xd_minors.htm

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