Health Promotion Among Diverse Population Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Healthcare Type: Essay Paper: #77857428 Related Topics: Health, Community Health Nursing, Mental Health, Family Health
Excerpt from Essay :

Health Promotion

Minority health is one of the most critical components of public health promotion in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014), "some minorities experience a disproportionate burden of preventable disease, death, and disability," versus "non-minorities," meaning whites. Health promotion depends on ensuring equitable distribution of resources as a matter of social justice. While there are many diseases endemic to specific populations for genetic reasons, health disparity among different minority groups is more often than not related to socio-economic factors ranging from perceived accessibility of the health care system, the system being unable to meet the needs of cultural or linguistic diversity, and the impact of poverty on health outcomes. This paper will analyze the implications for health disparities in the United States by focusing on one of the largest ethnic contingencies in the United States, African-Americans.

Health Status of African-Americans

The leading causes of death among African-Americans include heart disease, cancer, stroke, and

...

These are roughly in line with national averages for all ethnic groups, as heart disease and cancer are the two top leading causes of death for all Americans (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). However, historically African-Americans have poorer health outcomes than whites. African-Americans have a "higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and sexually transmitted infections when compared with Whites," (Dreeben, 2001). Not only are prevalence rates higher; so too are mortality rates. African-Americans have the highest mortality rates for cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic lower respiratory disease, diabetes, and stroke vs. Caucasians and most other ethnic groups (Henderson, 2014). Current health status among African-Americans indicates that African-Americans are equally as likely to die of heart disease as whites but generally suffer from preventable diseases more often than need be (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).

Barriers to Health

Substandard housing, inadequate nutrition, stress, lack of insurance coverage, and lack of access to quality or affordable health care are the key barriers to health among African-Americans. A lack of culturally appropriate or culturally sensitive health care options is also a barrier to health among the African-American community (Dreeben, 2001). Religious beliefs, peer influences, and social stigmas associated with some disease are also barriers to health in this community (Henderson, 2014).

There are more than 40 million African-Americans in the United States, including those who are multi-racial. Thus another potential barrier to health in the…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014). Minority health. Retrieved online: http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/index.html

Dreeben, O. (2001). Health status of African-Americans. Journal of Social Health Policy 14(1), 1-17.

Henderson, K. (2014). Health promotion and the African-American community. Minority Nurse. Retrieved online: http://www.minoritynurse.com/article/health-promotion-and-african-american-community


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