Community Health Nursing Essays Examples

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Nursing Community Health Nurse the

Words: 650 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52434966

Not only do they treat patients, they also connect them with other necessary health services they may require (Become a Public Health Nurse, 2010).

A community health nurse can work in many different settings. These include working in patient's homes along with community centers. There are occasions to use a nursing degree in facilities that treat patients 24 hours a day, along with schools and businesses (Become a Public Health Nurse, 2010).

Nurses who work in this type of work often work in government along with private agencies and clinics. They concentrate on working with individuals, groups, and families in order to advance the overall health of the community. They educate about health care issues such as tobacco use, disease prevention such as H1N1, nutrition including obesity, and childcare. They also work with leaders in the community such as teachers, parents, and physicians (Community Health Nursing, 2009).

Despite the extent of the challenges that public health nurses face every day, it is imperative that public health nurses continue to move forward and develop successful evidence-based strategies and approaches in their practice settings. Although the little things may not seem to make a difference in the present, they could be the…… [Read More]

Become a Public Health Nurse. (2010). Retrieved April 16, 2010, from All Nursing Schools

Web site:
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Roles of a Community Health Nurse Childhood Obesity

Words: 964 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34119864


Preventing Childhood Obesity

Nina Davuluri of Syracuse, New York met with several dozen students at the Bell Elementary School in Tulsa, Oklahoma on June 6 to discuss her experiences with childhood obesity (Eger, 2014). This was particularly poignant because Miss Davuluri is the reigning Miss America. A steady diet of white rice, naan bread, soda, sugary cereals, and cookies during her childhood had led the family physician to warn her parents that Nina and her sister were borderline obese. Her parents responded appropriately and eliminated or restricted many of the offending foods and encouraged engagement in strenuous physical activity. Although this strategy was successful, Miss Davuluri relapsed in college and developed bulimia. Since then she has created a personalized approach to managing her diet, which helped her to lose close to 60 pounds shortly before the Miss America pageant.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2014) the prevalence of obese children and adolescents has doubled and quadrupled over the past 30 years. Currently, nearly one third of all children younger than 18 years of age in the United States are overweight or obese. Unfortunately, if these children are unable to return to normal weight…… [Read More]

CDC. (2014). Childhood Obesity Facts. Retrieved from .

Eger, A. (2014, June 7). Miss America visits Tulsa school to raise awareness about childhood obesity. Retrieved from
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Community Health in Nursing Community

Words: 1254 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48405848

Medical ethics are basically a collection of values, principles and moral judgments in the context of healthcare practice. For instance at the core of these values, is the aspect of autonomy. In this regard, it is realized that a patient is granted the right to accept or refuse treatment which only affects them. Medical practitioners are not therefore supposed to forcefully offer their services or compel patients to accept particular types of treatments. Instead, they should mostly inundate the patient with all the relevant information and give them the liberty to make their own decisions.

In the same way, the principle of beneficence states that the medical practitioner should always act to the best interest of the patient. The patient has the right to get the best service from the practitioner as much as can be granted. Indeed, considering the importance of health in the society, medical ethics are very proper avenues through which medical practice is improved. Healthcare touches on the very lives of human beings and this creates the need for proper guidelines and standards which must be adhered to. Patients normally entrust some of the most confidential information to their doctors who are certainly bound to keep…… [Read More]

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Community Health Groups at Risk and Vulnerable

Words: 1072 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13476841

Community Health

Groups at risk and vulnerable populations.

A group at risk for poor health is the group of people that are at risk of not receiving the needed healthcare regardless of their race, their income or insurance status, gender. These groups are such as children, the elderly, immigrants, and any other members of the society that are predisposed to risk factors that make them not able to get quality healthcare. Vulnerable populations are those groups of people that are not integrated into the healthcare system due to factors such as ethnic, geographic, economic, culture as well as health characteristics. Heightened vulnerability is contributed by factors such as poverty, lack of education, gender, age, ethnicity, homelessness, and limited access to resources, the isolation puts the people who are included in this group at risks for not being able to access the necessary medical care therefore a potential threat to the health of these people (Urban institution, 2010). The group of people is hence considered to be at a great risk for the development of problems in health. Examples of vulnerable populations are ethnic and racial minorities, people living in poverty both in urban and rural areas, people with disabilities or…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Flowers, D.L. (2010). Culturally Competent Nursing Care a Challenge for the21st Century. Retrieved March 9, 2013 from 

Rodriguez, C. (2012).Designing and using cultural brokers program. Retrieved march 9,2013 from
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Nursing Journal Community Health and

Words: 837 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94771475

As a result, it becomes more difficult to ascertain exactly what mode of intervention would best be suited for helping children overcome health matters that are at least to some degree beyond their control.

That said, a defining strength of the research is its chosen method of intervention. The perspective that the health of the children at the center of this study cannot be improved without effectively improving the health habits of their respective families is a centering position and one that endows the study with a significant value to the public health. As the study finds in its conclusion, "social and structural environments in which Hispanic children are reared may play an important role in determining their risk for obesity and related behaviors." (Arredondo et al., p. 30) Even lacking any empirical validity and lacking the capacity to be replicated, it does offer an array of correlations that can provide focus for intervention.


The flexibility of this study appears appropriate given the need to provide an intervention approach that is intuitive to the particular needs of each child and his or her family. This underscores the primary recommendation that intervention be conducted with the active participation of the…… [Read More]

Arredondo, E.M.; Elder, J.P.; Campbell, N.; Baquero, B.; Duerksen, S.; Ayala, G.; Crespo, MPH, Slymen, D. & McKenzie, T. (2010). Individual, Family, and Community Environmental Correlates of Obesity in Latino Elementary School Children. Journal of School Health, 80, No.1, pp. 20-30.
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Community Health in Nursing One

Words: 908 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20177592

Another key facet of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is that it has enacted legislature that makes it easier for people with previously existent health care conditions to both get health coverage as well as to get the treatments they need. Again, the result of this aspect of the health care reform measure is that it should make it possible to increase the general wellness of the American people. Also, health care insurance is projected to become more affordable due to various changes related to Obama's health care reform. Forms of preventative treatments, for example, will not require copayments. Doing so will allow more people who are not financially able to afford health care visits to access nurses and doctors at those facilities and get the treatments they require.

One of the most egregious health care epidemics to sweep through the modern world in the past couple of years is the infamous H1N1 swine flu. It took up a place of prominence in the health care industry in 2009, when it was initially discovered as a new, more malignant strain of influenza. Research linked this particular form of influenza to the type of this virus that is related…… [Read More]

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Community Health Oklahoma Modern Healthcare

Words: 3003 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68725313

The subject is now part of a national political task force, with the goal of eliminating the problem within one generation (Ferran, 2010).

Formally, teen pregnancy is based on a woman who will not reach her 20th birthday by the expected birth of her first child. This definition does not assume marriage, nor if the woman is legally an adult (depending on the country). The idea of marriage and birthing age has, of course, changed based on societal and cultural issues. At one time, when the lifespan was 40, it made sense for a girl to begin her childbearing years as soon as she was able, usually around 12-13. In contemporary U.S. culture, however, the amount of information and professional data that is needed to become a well-rounded citizen is so high that we usually gauge 18 as the very minimum age to begin to have the resources and/or acumen to raise a family. Like many other contemporary issues, though, the impact of diet and artificial hormones in the food supply, combined with advertising and entertainment's push towards sexuality, often pressures younger people to experiment with sex far earlier, regardless of the health or psychological consequences (Linking Teen Pregnancy Prevention…… [Read More]

Cited in:"07"04-03.

Slovic, P. e. (2001). Smoking: Risk, Perception, and Policy. New York: Sage.

Stewart, C. (1999). Investigation of Cigarette Smokers Who Quit Without Treatment. Journal of Drug Issues, 29(1), 167+.
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Community Health Issue Nursing and

Words: 1323 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94289019

The team analyzed samples for carcinogen-DNA adducts, biomarkers associated with increased cancer risk, and cotinine, a measure of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure. Based on prior findings in animal models, scientists believe only one-tenth of the dose of PAH passes from the mother to fetus through the placenta. Even so, the investigators found that newborns incurred DNA damage at a rate slightly higher than their mothers" (Wood, 2006). In other words, even if a mother does not smoke, the nurse may wish to ask about the patient's partner's smoking habit, or if the patient works in a smoke-containing environment.

The study also found that "detectable adducts were identified in 45% of the newborns and 42% of the mothers. Newborn cotinine levels were higher, 47% in the infants versus 44% detectable in the mothers," despite the screening effect of the placenta (Wood, 2006). "Researchers said the fetal concentration may be due to a decreased ability to clear the biomarker during development, transfer from the maternal blood and additional exposure to the chemicals after swallowing amniotic fluid" (Wood, 2006). Explaining to expectant mothers the imperative nature of smoking cessation, and stressing the need to limit the exposure to second-hand smoke from friends, partners,…… [Read More]

Green, Pauline M,

Polk, Laura V.,
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Community Health Scenario

Words: 1574 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29707391

Community Health Scenario

Death is an inevitable destiny of life. It is essential to be able to provide the best care that a patient may need during his last days, when all medical treatment fails. Frequently, the battle of life and death leads one to formulate a concept or an analogy of these two processes. This concept is bound to interfere with what one does in life. As a nurse, my idea of death and dying has an impact on the quality of care I provide to patients undergoing this process.

The ideal attitude of a nurse's care for terminally ill patients involves the criteria of flexibility in interpersonal relations, effective communication about critical issues, such as in Mrs. Thomas's case, and psychological stability and mindedness in relation to dying patients their families. (A Roberta and A. Rolland. Nurses' attitudes about end-of-life referrals. 2009).

According to the Journal of Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, a person's ability to deal with a situation is dependant on certain behavioral components, such as, cognitive and affective. In striving to achieve consistency between these different components, Lev very effectively summarizes the point,

"our attitudes as a pattern of views reflects the cumulative prior perceptions and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bottarf, JL. (1995). Comforting: exploring the work of cancer nurses. School Of Nursing. 22(6), 1077-84.

Dunn, K.S., Cecilia, O. & Stephans, E. (2005). Nursing experience and the care of dying patients. Oncology Nursing Forum. 32(1), 97-104.
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Community Health Epidemiology

Words: 1584 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89786557

Community Diagnosis: Pearland, Texas

Community Diagnosis

The community of Pearland is an ethnically-diverse, growing community located adjacent to the thriving metropolis of Houston, Texas (PEDC, n.d.). The population for the community was estimated to be 93,305 in 2011, up by 2.25% from the previous year (Census, 2013a). By comparison, the U.S. population grew by just 1.67%. There are slightly more females than males (51.4 vs. 48.6%) in Pearland and the median age is 34.1 years. This represents more women on average and a younger population by 3.1 years than the rest of the United States. An estimated 97.5% of residents considered themselves to be of one race and these are: 49.8% White, 20.0% Hispanic or Latino, 15.2% African-American, and 12.5% Asian. Pearland is therefore a minority community.

In terms of immigration patterns, Pearland is equivalent to the rest of the country (Census, 2013a). An estimated 15.3% and 12.8% of the Pearland and U.S. population, respectively, were born in another country. However, the success rate of achieving U.S. citizenship in Pearland is considerably higher than the national average, with 56.3% of Pearland's immigrant population obtaining U.S. citizenship versus 43.7% nationally. In terms of secondary educational achievement, Pearland beats the national averages…… [Read More]

Bibliography: (2013). Houston Acupuncturists. Retrieved 21 Feb. 2013 from (2013). Pearland Acupuncturists. Retrieved 21 Feb. 2013 from
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Community Health

Words: 2829 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 451523

Health - Nursing

Community Health 9400

Community Health

Community Health


America is the most obese nation in the world. American nation in general and people of Lansdowne in particular are studied here for the issues of obesity. Lansdowne is located in county of Delaware, Pennsylvania with a diverse population and demographics.

Geographical area

Lansdowne is located in east of America. The city is at WikiMiniAtlas

39°56"29"N 75°16"31"W? / ?39.94139°N 75.27528°W. The city has land area of ? / 39.94139; -75.275281.2 square miles and zero percent area is covered with water. Geographically the city is in southwest of Philadelphia at about 5 miles' distance. The area is majorly covered by residential apartments and some area is also commercial. City also has some artistic and historic buildings.

Population and Demographics

In 2010, the population of Lansdowne, Pennsylvania was 10,579 (State & County Quick Facts, 2013). During the census of 2010, it was found that Lansdowne has household population of 4,724. The city has population density of 9,382.0 people per square mile. About 27.0% of the population has offspring's below age of 18 that live with them (State & County Quick Facts, 2013). With Whites as the major component of population, the…… [Read More]

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Overweight and Obesity, (2012), Retrieved from:
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Community Health Strategies the Leading

Words: 1268 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54259575

Watson's origin of human life is tied to notions that one's soul possesses a body that is not restricted by objective space and time. The lived world of the experiencing person is not well-known by external and internal notions of time and space, but shapes its own time and space. "Nursing is a human science of persons and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic, and ethical human care transactions. The process of nursing is human care" (Fawcett, 2002).

The main concept of Watson's theory is transpersonal human caring which is best understood within the concepts of three subsidiary concepts: life, illness and health.

Human life is defined as spiritual, mental and physical being which is continuous in time and space.

Illness is not automatically a disease. Illness is turmoil or disharmony with a person's inner self or soul at some level or disharmony within the spheres of the person, either consciously or unconsciously.

Health refers to the unity and harmony that exists within a person's mind, body, and soul.

Transpersonal human caring and caring transactions are those scientific, professional, ethical, creative and personalized giving-receiving behaviors and responses between nurse and patient that allow for contact…… [Read More]

Fawcett, Jacqueline. (2002). Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring. Retrieved July 28, 2009,

from DeSales University Web site:
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Community Health Systems Chs Is

Words: 5245 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97136709

The company's board believed they could not find a replacement for Chaney by the date of his intended departure, and so the directors put the company up for sale. In March 1996, the New York-based investment banking firm Merrill Lynch was hired to generate interest in the company, and a suitable buyer was found, a New York-based private investment firm named Forstmann Little & Co. This company was headed by Theodore Forstmann, a leveraged buyout specialist. Forstmann's firm had more than $20 billion invested in 20 companies and made its living by acquiring companies and selling them for a profit. Forstmann Little acquired Community Health in 1996, and this was the firm's first purchase of a healthcare company. The firm paid $1 billion for Community Health, which at the time operated 38 hospitals in 18 states, and this change in ownership made Community Health a privately held company. In January 1997, Wayne T. Smith was named president of Community Health and was selected as its chief executive officer in April 1997. He joined Community Health after spending more than two decades working for Louisville, Kentucky-based Humana Inc., joining the healthcare provider in 1973 after serving a four-year stint as a…… [Read More]

Adams, D. (1996, March 20). Buy materials management systems, or pray you can swim. Health Management Technology, 63-65.

Community Health Systems Inc. scales back on risk (2004, November 23)., retrieved May 30, 2007 at
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Community Health Advocacy

Words: 849 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58416396

Community Health Advocacy

The prevention of disease has three distinct levels: primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary prevention methods are the first prevention strategies that are employed to prevent a person from a disease or illness. Primary prevention's main goal is to stop the disease or illness from occurring at all. Secondary prevention is employed after the disease or illness has happened, but before the individual has any adverse effects from the disease or illness and before they realize that anything is wrong with them. Tertiary prevention comes into play when an individual has symptoms of a disease or an illness and thus the goal becomes to prevent both harm and physical hurt from that disease or illness. Tertiary prevention is also used in order to prevent the disease or illness from escalating, ease the pain of the disease or illness, and help people get back to their former quality of life.

Butz et al. (2011) states that "over 30% of U.S. children are exposed to Second Hand Smoke (SHS) in their homes and 40-60% of children living in poverty are exposed to SHS in their homes." In looking at these three levels of prevention in regards to the problem of…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Butz, A.M., Breysse, P., Rand, C., Curtin-Brosnan, J., Eggleston, P., Diette, G.B., Williams, D.,

Bernert, J.T., & Matsui, E.C. (2011) "Household smoking behavior: effects on indoor air quality and health of urban children with asthma." Matern child health (15): 460-468.
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Environment Nursing - Community Health

Words: 697 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39231089

Elderly individuals are also "more likely to take prescription medicines that impair the body's ability to regulate its temperature or that inhibit perspiration" (Heat stress in the elderly, 2009, CDC).

What levels of prevention are warranted in the situation? What might a community health nurse do to intervene?

The immediate concern is removing the residents to a safer area during oppressively hot days with bad air quality. For residents who wish to exercise, arranging for transport to a local cooling center where they can exercise is one option. For round-the-clock care, however, the unit overall must be maintained with a proper air conditioning and ventilation unit. The community health nurse must stress that this is to be done ASAP, otherwise the nurse will report the facility for health code violations. Until the unit is repaired, the nurse can provide supportive instruction to help residents deal with the heat, such as drinking water more frequently, wearing light-colored clothing, and confining intense activity to the coolest hours of the day. If they are in immediate danger, however, they should be removed to another facility.

What are some cultural considerations for environmental management and understanding?

Perhaps the most important cultural consideration is the…… [Read More]

Asthma and the elderly. (2009). Retrieved March 24, 2009 at 

Heat stress in the elderly. (2009). Center for Disease Control (CDC). Retrieved March 24, 2009 at
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Public Community Health Public Community

Words: 921 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92680489

" (Rosen, 1) in a regard, community health falls within this purview and is a subset to the broader topic of public health.

c. Differences in roles of public and community health nurse and nurse in an acute care setting

The role which is given to the nurse in the public or community health context should be essentially similar to that which is seen in an acute care context. Ethical, practical and medical conditions remain unchanged from one context to the next. However, the nurse will be required to prepare for certain distinctions which do denote a difference. Particularly, nurses in public health settings are less likely to possess the resources and facilities which are afforded those in the acute care setting. This means that in many instances, public health nurses can only function as the front line for consultation, diagnosis and basic treatment. Where more serious concerns become apparent, it is necessary to consider referring patients to emergency room or acute care settings where they may gain access to these greater resources.

d. Disaster Management Plan for your community

A key part of public health is the preemptive preparation which a community or region has in place to contend…… [Read More]

Health Disaster OC. (HDOC). (2008). Health Disaster Management Division. Oraange County Health Care Agency.

Orange County Health Care Agency (OCHCA). (2009). Epidemiology & Assessment. County of Orange California. Online at
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Nursing Intervention in Disaster the Possibility of

Words: 1365 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3266108

Nursing Intervention in Disaster

The possibility of occurrence of disasters is a reality. With this in mind there should be efforts made to prevent any upcoming or potentially disastrous events. These efforts are what are known as disaster prevention. Disaster prevention therefore refers to efforts put in place to ensure that adverse effects of events that are potentially disastrous are prevented even when the disaster cannot be controlled. Disaster prevention is done at various levels of the society and is undertaken so as to prevent all types of disasters. Nurses are involved to a large extent when it comes to the prevention and mitigation of disasters. Nurses are involved in institutions that can influence change and due to the unique skills that they posses they can make interventions in disasters. To perform efficiently, a nurse must be always prepared to make changes in plan actions at any time and at the same time adopt to new situations. Nurses are expected to be health educators, administrators, care providers and intervene in crises .There are various nursing interventions that are related to disasters, these can be in three levels; primary intervention, secondary intervention and tertiary intervention.

Primary intervention

Prevention includes identifying hazards,…… [Read More]

Harden, E.G., (2004). The role of nursing in disasters. Retrieved march 22, 2013 from 

Rittenmeyer, L., (2007). Disaster preparedness: Are you ready? Retrieved march 22,2013 from
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Nursing Case Study Family Nursing Diagnosis Is

Words: 1192 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83845071

Nursing Case Study

Family nursing diagnosis is a holistic process that involves a thorough and complete family assessment to establish both curative and preventive concerns in a given family. The assessment from the participating family established a number of diagnostic issues. One of the family members suffers from obesity. D.K. who is ten years old and in second grade took two years to complete first grade. Obesity is a condition whereby the Body Mass Index (BM1) is over 30kg/m2. This is because of excess fat accumulation in a person's body. The Body Mass Index BM1, is the measure for obesity, and it is calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by his/her height in square meters.

Obesity may be associated with the several of medical conditions like heart attack, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis and some types of cancer (Domino, 2007). Major causes of obesity are lack of physical exercises and poor diet. One of the measures that counter it is ensuring that a person does many physical exercises. A person should also ensure that the diet does not contain a lot of sugars and fats. Intake of foods rich with fiber like whole bread, vegetables and fruits should be…… [Read More]

Domino, Frank J, (2007). 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Karch. A.M. (2007). Lippincott's Nursing Drug Guide. Philadelphia: New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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Nursing Concepts and Theory Conceptual-Theoretical Structure Paper

Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18218062

Nursing Concepts and Theory

Conceptual-Theoretical Structure paper

Personal belief about nursing theory and knowledge development process for nursing practice

All nursing theories play an important role in defining nursing and giving the roles that nurses need to play. Originally, the role of nurses was simply to carry out activities as instructed by doctors, however, over the years, this role has been changed to include more responsibilities as the nursing world has evolved. Nursing theories describe, predict and explain the various phenomena in nursing practice and thus create foundations for nursing practice. They also help to generate knowledge in the field of nursing and to point the direction which the field should develop in future. This view is supported by Carper (1978)

who states that nursing theories elaborate nursing practice and create professional boundaries for the profession. Nursing knowledge comes from research that has been conducted on nursing which forms scientific knowledge and experience gained from the practice itself which forms individual knowledge. Other sources of knowledge include tradition, intuition and tacit knowledge. Meta-theories and philosophical perspectives also help to develop knowledge in nursing practice by setting discussions that over time help to answer questions regarding nursing practice and the nature…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Anderson, A.M. (2005). Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for the LPN/LVN (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Carper, B. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 1(1), 13-23.
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Nursing Theory Applications in Nursing Theory and

Words: 4440 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78758413

Nursing Theory

Applications in Nursing

Nursing Theory and its Applications

In this paper, we will assess a grand nursing theory namely the Humanistic Model. First let's have a brief introduction regarding this theory. The nursing theories either grand or middle range give organization in expressing statements which are related to questions in the field of nursing. It also gives nurses the opportunity in describing, predicting, explaining and controlling different sorts of activities which are relative to their daily practice. Nursing theories regarding the humanistic model believe on the phenomena that patients hold the key potential in self-actualization which can be used in many healthy as well as creative ways. Here, the focus of the humanists lie in the belief that nursing care is basically two-way interaction which occurs between patients and the nurse, the outcomes of this relation are influenced by both of their actions.

Firstly, let's have a look on some of the important phases in the study of overall nursing. "A nurse should always have broad understanding of its own viewpoints, this helps in making more sense and adding more meanings to its overall experience." (Williams, 2000). Nurses should also be more open to new and many different…… [Read More]

McKenna, H. (1997). Nursing Theories and Models. London: Routledge.

Kelly, Y. (2002). The Nursing Experience. New York: McGraw-Hill.
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Nurse Case Manager Case Management in the

Words: 952 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84835461

Nurse Case Manager:

Case management in the nursing field is basically described as the functions and activities carried out by the nurse case manager within a specific care setting. In some cases, these functions and activities are usually performed by a self-governing practitioner, especially in private case management practices and community nursing facilities (Cohen & Cesta, 2005, p.278). Generally case management responsibilities are provided by the nurse case manager in acute care, primary care, home care, and managed care organizations. Nonetheless, these activities may be offered to particular patient populations and communities like the elderly. Some of the most case management activities include patient identification and intake, problem identification and assessment, patient outreach, development and implementation of plan of care, and coordination of care.

Roles and Functions of Nurse Case Manager:

In acute care organizations, the roles and functions of the nurse case manager includes coordinating the care provided to a group of patients. While this process is usually known as case mix or caseload, it usually starts during patient admission and goes beyond discharge. During this procedure, the nurse case manager applies the nursing process, which is assessment, diagnosis, planning, execution, and analysis. Secondly, the nurse case manager is…… [Read More]

Blancett, S.S. & Flarey, D.L. (2006). Case studies in nursing case management: health care delivery in a world of managed care. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers, Inc.

Cohen, E.L. & Cesta, T.G. (2005). Nursing case management: from essentials to advanced practice applications (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Health Sciences.
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Nursing Model Theory Application a Nurse's

Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12125618

"From an historical standpoint, her concept of nursing enhanced nursing science this has been particularly important in the area of nursing education." ("Virginia Henderson's Need...," 2008) Principles of Henderson's theory, published in numerous primary nursing textbooks utilized from the 1930s through the 1960s, along with principles embodied by the 14 activities continue to prove vital in evaluating nursing care in thee21st century, not only in cases such as Keri's, but in a myriad of others benefiting from nursing.


Kearney, Kathleen M., the Nurse's Duty to Report Child Abuse vs. The Attorney's Duty of Confidentiality: The Nurse Attorney's Dilemma Journal of Nursing Law. Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.; January 25, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2007, at

Resuggan, Ray RN;RPN;MRN. (Last Modified: August 17, 2008). "Virginia Avernal Henderson." Retrieved September 25, 2007, from:

Singleton, Joanne K. "Nurses' perspectives of encouraging clients' care-of-self in a short-term rehabilitation unit within a long-term care facility," Rehabilitation Nursing, January 1, 2000. Retrieved September 25, 2007, from:

Trail Ross, Mary Ellen. (1993). "Linking Ethical Principles With Community Practice." Journal of Community Health Nursing, Vol. 10. Retrieved September 25, 2007, at

Virginia Henderson. (2000-2007), NurseScribe. Retrieved September 25, 2007,from

Virginia Henderson's…… [Read More]

Kearney, Kathleen M., the Nurse's Duty to Report Child Abuse vs. The Attorney's Duty of Confidentiality: The Nurse Attorney's Dilemma Journal of Nursing Law. Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.; January 25, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2007, at

Resuggan, Ray RN;RPN;MRN. (Last Modified: August 17, 2008). "Virginia Avernal Henderson." Retrieved September 25, 2007, from: .
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Nursing Ba vs Associates Nursing Competencies --

Words: 744 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84521106

Nursing BA vs. Associates

Nursing Competencies -- Associates vs. Baccalaureates

The difference competencies between nurses prepared at the associate-degree level nursing vs. The baccalaureate-degree level are significantly different on many levels. Today's nurses work in a healthcare environment that is undergoing a constant evolution at a speed never before imagined (NLN Board of Governers, 2011). Patient needs have become more complicated; nurses must implement requisite competencies in leadership, health policy, system improvement, research, evidence-based practice, and teamwork and collaboration in order to deliver high-quality care. Furthermore, nurses are also required to master different technologies that are also evolving extremely rapidly.

There are basically three different alternative paths to becoming a registered nurse. Some hospitals offer a three-year program that is administered in the hospital setting. Another option is a two to three-year program in which graduates receive an associate's degree and can be administered at a community college or any number of educational arrangements. The most comprehensive programs often consist of a four-year track and taught at colleges and universities across the nation and at the successful completion of this program a baccalaureate degree is awarded. However, despite the course of study chosen, all graduates take the NCLEX-RN licensing examination.…… [Read More]

Mahaffey, E. (2002, May 2). The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Retrieved from The Relevance of Associate Degree Nursing Education: Past, Present, Future: 

Moltz, D. (2010, January 7). Nursing Tug of War. Retrieved from Inside Higher Ed:
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Nursing Definitions Autonomy in the Nursing Profession

Words: 3242 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47314806

Nursing Definitions


Autonomy in the nursing profession states the importance of the client's role in making decisions that reflect advocacy for the client (Wade, 1999, p.310). Ultimately, this includes taking care of the patient physically as well as mentally and emotionally, developing a relationship with the patient that is beneficial to his care and actively advocating for the patient's rights and care. This type of autonomy, it is important to note, is not the same as individual or work autonomy, yet it must be considered that empowerment in nursing autonomy will inevitably lead to better professional and personal autonomy and should also lead to increased job satisfaction (Wade, 1999, p.310).

Typical definitions of autonomy would include the idea of complete independence for the person making the decisions. However, in the case of the nursing profession, the client's needs and desires must be heavily weighed and, in fact, become central to the idea of autonomy. No nursing professional can make such life and death decisions for someone without taking the patient's beliefs and concerns into account. It is this dependence on the patient that renders professional nursing autonomy different from almost any other kind of autonomy. Once this definition is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Wade, G.H. (1999). Professional nurse autonomy: Concept analysis and application to nursing education. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 30(2), 310-8.

Gaylord, N. & Grace, P. (1995). Nursing advocacy: An ethic of practice. Nursing Ethics, 2(1),
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Community Nursing

Words: 1781 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11823638

Community Nursing

While developing classes and teaching classes to expectant mothers, the community nurse in this paper is made aware of the fact that many women in the class are over 30 years of age and are going through their first pregnancy. In addition, some (if not many) of the attendees are having a struggle over their commitments to their careers because they would like to stay home and raise the child rather than use day care and let someone else care for their very young child. What kind of class would be appropriate to relate to those concerns? This paper delves into that topic and other issues regarding the choices that a new mother has available.

The Literature on Stay-at-Home Mothers vs. Continuing One's Career

Understanding the Transition from Career to Motherhood

In The American Journal of Family Therapy the authors suggest that there has not been sufficient research done on "fulltime motherhood" (stay-at-home mothers); and much of the existing research focuses on the needs of the child rather than the needs and future of the mother (Vejar, et al., 2006, 17). The fact that research tends to zero in on the child's growth "…detracts attention from the developmental…… [Read More]

Al-Shab, B., Saqib, M., Hauser, G., and Tamim, H. (2010). Epidemiology of smoking during pregnancy among Canadian women. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. Retrieved September 11, 2013, from .

Fell, D.B., Joseph, K.S., Dodds, L., Allen, A.C., Jangaard, K., and Ven den Hof, M. (2005).
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Health Policy Analysis Nursing &

Words: 3179 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25929258

" (Jacobs and Skocpol, 2007)

Brown and Sparer (2003) state that Medicare is "...administered by the federal government. Not only eligibility criteria and financing policy but also the benefit package, policies governing payments to providers, and decisions about the delivery system (for instance, fee-for-service vs. managed care) are determined in Washington, D.C., with no direct participation by the states. (the program delegates important decisions about coverage and payments to third-party insurers -- fiscal intermediaries and carriers -- and thus these national determinations do not preclude considerable regional variations that reflect local differences in wage costs and other factors)." (2003) Medicaid is state-managed "...although a framework of federal rules constrains state program administrators, they retain wide, and widening, discretion on all of the basic issues: eligibility, benefits, payments, and organization of care." (Brown and Sparer, 2003)

V. Eligibility, Physician Behavior and Low-Income Population Access to Care

The work of Baker and Royalty (1997) entitled: "Medicaid Policy, Physician Behavior, and Health Care for the Low-Income Population" states that concerns relating to the health of poor children and their mothers "produced major change in the Medicaid program beginning in the early 1980s. New legislation greatly expanded the number of children and pregnant women…… [Read More]

Miller, Edward Alan (2007) Federal Administrative and Judicial Oversight of Medicaid: Policy Legacies and Tandem Institutions Under the Boren Amendment. 15 Nov 2007. The Journal of Federalism advance Access. Online available at:

Medicaid Policy Statement Committee on Child Health Financing 1 July 2005. Pedatrics Vol. 116, No. 1;116/1/274
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Health Care Services for the

Words: 2754 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43567115

1903). The management goal for HCH is to improve the effectiveness of health care delivery to the homeless and indigent of Milwaukee in close partnership with the community. In this regard, the management of the HCH community health center requires careful and timely coordination between the community health care specialists, including family practice physicians and advanced practice nurses, who provide accessible primary care preventive health services.

There are also management issues related to how the Milwaukee agency is administered according to the policies and procedures promulgated by the national organization. For example, in order to provide more one-on-one contact with clinicians who have expertise in homelessness, the HCH Network also identifies clinicians from each of the five Clusters to work with the health center team in Milwaukee. This Network representative serves on the national organization's Cluster's Steering Committee; in this capacity, the primary responsibility of the Network representative is to share specific expertise and knowledge about providing primary health care to homeless people. This ongoing initiative is intended to help ensure that the unique needs of homeless people are addressed by the HCH Collaborative (Health Disparities Collaboratives, 2005).

There are also management issues related to the allocation of resources to…… [Read More]

Barrett, S., Epstein, L.G., Gaston, M.H., & Johnson, T.L. (1998). Health care needs of medically underserved women of color: The role of the bureau of primary health care. Health and Social Work, 23(2), 86.

Baumohl, J. (1996). Homelessness in America. Phoenix: Oryx Press.
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Nursing Clinical Placement Report -

Words: 921 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94611128

Studies suggest that more computerized order entry of medications helps reduce errors by limiting interpretation errors due to handwriting (Meadows, 2003). Thus more order entry is involving computers to protect patients. A culture that supports safety and safe practices has also been adopted to provide nursing staff and patients information about drug therapy and medication to ensure that everyone is aware of the need for safe practices when utilizing and dispensing medications.

Describe the strategies used to ensure nursing practice is performed within legal requirements and ethical frameworks

Nurses now "live and work in a world where there is no single reality but many coexisting realities among which they must choose" (Johnston, 1999:1). Given that through more and more nurses are forced to make legal and ethical decisions and take steps that will determine the best processes to adopt to ensure that moral and legal processes are adopted and followed.

Under the Australian Nursing Federation nurses are encouraged to have a clear understanding of patients rights regarding their health care delivery in hospital settings and within the community (Johnston, 199). The guidelines established by this federation provide a guide under which nurses can carry out their interventions in a legal…… [Read More]

Campbell, D.W. & Sigsby, L.M. (1995). "Nursing interventions classification: A content analysis of nursing activities in public schools." Journal of Community Health Nursing, 12(4): 229.

Caretto, V.A. & McCormick, C.S. (1991). "Community as Client: A Hand's on experience for baccalaureate nursing students." Journal of Community Health Nursing, 8(3): 179.
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Healthcare Social Vulnerability to Disease Health Care

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12385483

Healthcare: Social Vulnerability to Disease

Health care has as its immediate concern the welfare of clients and patients. However this pressing concern is often influenced by multiple factors many of which have a distinct social dimension. Consequently, care of individuals and the delivery of quality care is not only a medical problem but also a social problem. Vulnerable populations generally require direct external interventions to assist in the reduction of the levels of risk the group experiences.

There is a fundamental difference between at risk groups and vulnerable populations. The difference is as a result of the role of political, environmental and other social factors in amplifying an already existing risk. At risk groups are populations for whom the relative risk of acquiring a disease is increased beyond that of the general population. There are groups who have a higher probability of contracting malaria and dying from this disease. An at risk group in the United States might be persons who are obese. These individuals would be at risk for cardio vascular disease (CVD). It would be the role of the health care professional to encourage better lifestyle choices and correct medication to reduce the individual risk.

Vulnerable populations however…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Weiss, Helen A.; Quigley, Maria A.; Hayes, Richard J. Male circumcision and risk of HIV

infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS 14(15):
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Healthcare Disparity in Georgia

Words: 1488 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82886029

Healthcare Disparity in Georgia

HIV infection continues to be a substantial trouble in Bibb County, Georgia. This illness substantially impacts lots of areas and Bibb County shares among the greatest HIV rates in America. One reason Bibb County deals with greater rates of infection is due to the high minority populace. Likewise, high levels of poverty and joblessness can make it tough for an individual to keep his/her health plan and access their primary-care service provider and acquire the required therapy for HIV. Social preconception likewise extends unfavorable mindsets of the community and can force the individual from looking for therapy or even testing for HIV.

The very best protection against HIV is enlightening the general public about the illness. Routine testing for HIV is vital too. The first intervention would be to associate with a regional testing center and have the ability to check people as well as inform them on the illness. Most of individuals at danger for HIV are found in the downtown area. There is a huge homeless populace and most do not have insurance or funds to acquire a healthcare medical professional. Many of the downtown testing centers are churches, shelters and various other sites.…… [Read More]

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2008). HIV / AIDS among youth. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved July 24, 2011, from 

Hamilton, D. (2011). What constitutes best practice in healthcare design? The Health Environments Research and Design Journal 4(2), 121-126. Retrieved from
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Community Health Promotion Project Design

Words: 1937 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77784666

Caregivers of Alzheimer's Patients

Community Health Promotion Project Design

As we have discovered in the first part of the study, Alzheimer's is a major health issue for the population of seniors 65 years and older. Alzheimers costs taxpayers and individuals billions of dollars for the provision of care for those who can no longer care for themselves. Alzheimer's is an expensive disease and many times it is the family who must bear much of the expense. We found that the financial strain of caring for someone who has Alzheimer's creates an incredible amount of stress on family members. However, we also found that perhaps even greater than the financial strain, Alzheimer's places in incredible load on the family as they are usually the ones who must care for their family member.

The aggregate for this study consists of family members who must care for other members of the family who have Alzheimer's. Currently, it is estimated that nearly 15,000,000 unpaid caregivers exist in the United States caring for family members who have Alzheimer's. Caring for a family member with Alzheimer's not only increases a stress level associated with caring for the family member, but also increases a stress level of…… [Read More]

Belle SH, Czaja SJ, & Schulz R, (2003). "Using a new taxonomy to combine the uncombinable: Integrating results across diverse interventions." Psychology and Aging. 18:396 -- 405

Gitlin LN, Belle SH, & Burgio LD, et al. (2003). "Effect of multicomponent interventions on caregiver burden and depression: The REACH multisite initiative at 6-month follow-up." Psychology and Aging. 2003;18:361 -- 374.
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Community Healthcare Intervention Examples

Words: 1100 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24109330

Healthy People 2020

The author of this report is asked to offer a brief summary of the role of a community nurse and the interventions that are meant to meet or exceed the four main goals of the Healthy People 2020 initiative. For each of the four main goals, the author of this report will describe at least one intervention that meets the goal in question. After that, the author will offer an example of an intervention that is already in full swing in the community of the author. While the goals of the Healthy People 2020 initiative are lofty and far-reaching, they are noble and just goals and should be achieved in any reasonable and ethical way possible.

The first goal of the Healthy People 2020 initiative is to "attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury and premature death" (Healthy People 2020, 2015). Of course, the context behind that goal is that of the chronic diseases as well as the associated death and destruction that occurs in this country are from disorders that are entirely preventable. Indeed, many people end up with Type I diabetes through no fault of their own. Presumably, it would be something…… [Read More]

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Nursing Client Relationships and How the Study

Words: 4324 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72371497

nursing client relationships and how the study is a valid research for practitioners. It has 26 sources in Harvard Style.

Research titles must be limited to fifteen words. In this case the author has exceeded the limitation by one count which is negligible. The importance of relevance of the title to the body of the research is that it must collaborate with the core study area. In the first line the author has already specified the relationship of the nurse-client at the beginning and categorizes it as a "partnership" whereas the title of the study must not reveal the results or even the anticipated results.

Authors and Abstracts

The authors T. Hostick and F. McClelland both the authors indicate in their abstract that the article aim in establishing nursing behavior when they are engaged in a nurse-client relationship. The abstract though is limited in expressing the content of the study it does however offer an insight into the importance of carrying out the research at hand and how it would impact on the nursing practices and managerial practices.


The development that the human race has had in the field of medicine has been momentous, but at the same time…… [Read More]

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Health Care Environment That Impacts the Nursing

Words: 1135 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59470988

Health Care Environment that Impacts the Nursing Profession

Natural Disasters

The objective of this work in writing is to examine the issue of natural environment in terms of impacts on the nursing profession in the health care environment. Questions answered in this study include the question of what steps should the nursing profession take to prepare the profession for provision of health care during natural disasters.

It is the opinion of the writer of this work that special preparations should be undertaken by those in the nursing profession to prepare them to properly assist those in the health care environment seeking treatment during such as natural disasters.

Brief Outline

Following this section in this study will be a brief introduction followed by a literature review in this area of study and next following will be an analysis of the information reviewed and then stated will be a conclusion to the study.


Nurses are often reported to play the role of first responder when disaster occurs. However, lack in the areas of competencies combined with gaps in education result in difficulty in recruiting nurses who are prepared to respond to a disaster and provide assistance effectively. A training course is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Global Relief Efforts in Natural Disasters (2010) Canadian Nursing Student's Association. Jan 2010. Retrieved from:

Olivia, F. et al. (2009) Nurses' Perception of Disaster: Implications for Disaster Nursing Curriculum. Nurse Education. Journal of Clinical Nursing 15, Nov. 2009. Retrieved from:
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Health Policy Economics Class Master Degree Level

Words: 2850 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91626873

Health Policy Economics class. Master Degree level. It 8-12 pages long 10 resources. The topic Over-Utilization Emergency Room Services. I uploading project details.

Reliance on emergency departments for non-emergent services has been on the increase with many people visiting them since they provide timely access to primary care. The 1985 Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) mandated Medicare institutions to provide emergency departments for patients despite their regardless of their ability to pay for these services. Many of the uninsured or underinsured thus find these emergency rooms as the most convenience sources of health care. Overutilization of emergency rooms is a vicious cycle as a result of increasing health care costs that are associated with this phenomenon. Three possible solutions to this problem are identified which are health care homes, retail clinics and telehealth with the best solution being the health care homes.

Overutilization of emergency room services

Problem statement

Overutilization of emergency room services is one of the major causes of the increase in healthcare costs. This increase comes majorly as a result of majority of the patients seen in emergency rooms being recipients of Medicaid which is used for non-emergent purposes. Overutilization of emergency rooms has…… [Read More]

Blackstone, E.A., Buck, A.J., & Simon, H. (2007). The Economics of Emergency Response. Policy Sciences, 40(4), 313-334. doi: 10.2307/25474342

Brailsford, S.C., Lattimer, V.A., Tarnaras, P., & Turnbull, J.C. (2004). Emergency and On-Demand Health Care: Modelling a Large Complex System. The Journal of the Operational Research Society, 55(1), 34-42. doi: 10.2307/4101825
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Health Belief Model During the 1950's the

Words: 1758 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39827165

Health belief model

During the 1950's, the Health Belief model (HBM) was developed from the field of social psychology. The theoretical framework offers an explanation of why individuals are motivated to participate in preventive health behaviors. The model has five perception constructs of susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and cues to action. In this setting the HBM predicts what prevention behaviors diabetic patients will engage in to avoid foot pathology and ultimately amputation. Current research indicates that the Health Belief Model (HBM) is the most common model used to study health- related behaviors. According to Ganz, Rimer, and Lewis (2002) an assumption of this model indicates people are more inclined to demonstrate disease prevention activities when they perceive (a) an increased susceptibility to the illness; (b) the illness is severe; (c) the actions are valuable; (d) the behavior has few obstacles; and (e) are prompted to execute the actions.

The application of the Health Belief Model to examine the rates of influenza vaccines in connection with a sense of vulnerability found that "it is more likely for vaccination to correlate positively with perceived susceptibility" (Chen, Wang, Schneider, Tsai, Jiang, & Lin, 2011). In addition, the model has been applicable in identifying…… [Read More]

Mahmoodi, A., Kohan, M., Azar, F., Solhi, M., & Rahimi, E. (2011). The impact of education using Health Belief Model on awareness and attitude of male teachers regarding their participation in family planning. Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, 9(3), 45-49.

Smith, T.W. (2009). If We Build It, Will They Come? The Health Belief Model and Mental Health Care Utilization. Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice, 16(4) 445-448.

Polit DF, Beck CT. (2007). Nursing research: Principles and methods. 7th ed. Philadelphia:
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Health Importance of Health and Exercise and

Words: 1755 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41164237

Health [...] importance of health and exercise, and where people can find assistance in California. Exercise is an important deterrent to many diseases, including obesity, a plague on the nation. Getting Americans to exercise may be difficult, but the benefits of exercise are clear. People who exercise tend to live longer, have better overall health, and feel better about themselves. In California, many programs are available that will help people develop and maintain healthy lifestyles that include exercise. Education is the key to helping people understand the benefits of exercise, and that education must begin early in life for exercise to become a daily habit. For America to become a healthy country again, people must understand the importance of exercise and good health, and that begins with education and assistance to help people create better, more healthful lives for themselves.

Exercise and good health go hand-in-hand, and yet, in our society today, fewer people are exercising regularly than ever before. The Federal Government chose physical activity as the number one Leading Health Indicator of public concern in America today. In their study, they found "In 1997, only 15% of adults performed the recommended amount of physical activity, and 40% of…… [Read More]

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Quality of Community Health Centers Analysis Paper

Words: 1225 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33953796

Quality of Community Health Centers

Analysis Paper: Quality Community Health Centers

The health of every human being is always a priority to every governing authority that cares for its people. Governments establish health centers as well as health policies and event budget for health services to be provided to the people. Some of these health centers are of national level whereas others are community based. The community-based health centers, however, have their share of issues in the course of delivering services. This has led to compromising of the quality of the health centers and the services they offer.

The New York is considered to the begging point for the establishment of community-based health centers in the United States of America. Some of its health centers date back to the early civilization yeas. Hence as a result, these health centers have many challenges, and hence the quality of their services is not that good. However, being an industrialized state, it also has some new and well technologically advanced health centers (Catton, 2011).

The health provision faces issues such as inadequate funding from the central government for the local-based public hospitals. This leads to less medical facility supplies and inadequate staff to…… [Read More]

Catton, H. (2011). Thank you for listening, now it is time for action. Nursing Standard, 25(40),

13-4. Retrieved from