Humanities Death Rites and Religion. Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

It can go clearly round corners so a tale can last longer and end where it started as a circular narrative.

Normally inside the Doric temples, the ceiling was supported by superimposition of two-level columns. Yet, in addition to the main cella, at the rear of the Parthenon was a smaller treasury or Parthenon, and hence the name of the building. In the interior of this smaller area, the columns would look cumbersome and the separate Doric columns all-consuming of the floor area. However, by deciding to use the hidden Ionic columns in this end of the building, it provided a secret that was consistent with the frieze positioning.

Previous Greek temples were built to be seen only from the outside. Viewers never entered could just glimpse the statues inside through the open doors. The Parthenon, instead, was constructed so that the aesthetic elements allow for a smooth transition from the exterior to interior where Athena stood. A visitor entering the Acropolis from the Propylaia would face the majestic proportions of the Parthenon in three quarters view, with full view of the west pediment and north colonnade. When moving closer, it would be possible to see the details of the sculpted metopes. When close to the base of the columns, parts of the frieze would be evident and offer colorful glimpses through the spaces between the columns.

All citizens helped build this creation, with white marble, ivory, cypress, gold, all sent from other countries. The skilled craftspeople, coppersmiths, stonemasons, painters and engravers worked together in the spirit of humanism. Humans possess a one-of-a-kind highly refined and sensitive perception

The romantic hero is a literary type, referring to a protagonist, who rejects established norms and conventions. Regardless of whether the medium is plays, stories, or novels, the character is the same -- the rebel, the loner as in such works as the Byronic poems, Wagner's operas, and Goethe's Faust. He is a symbol of someone who has put aside all the previous conceptions of formality in order to be loyal to a unique code that is shared by only a handful of other individuals who do not accept a society that is restrictive and trite in its social adherence. The main characteristics of the romantic hero include:

transcending society; amidst an internal battle; courage to be oneself; eccentric moral codes and making own rules; self knowledge is valued over physical strength or endurance; moodiness, introspection, and loyalty to similar others.

Napoleon Bonaparte is considered an historical romantic hero, due to his ambitions for France's future. In the 19th century, he assumed control of the French government; he eliminated serfdom, redistributed Church wealth, ended feudal privileges, and established his own French laws. He supported the ideals of life, liberty and equality. He favored public education and introduced his Napoleonic Code of law. He also conquered Italy, Egypt, Austria, Prussia, Portugal, and Spain and was defeated when attempting to invade Russia. He wrote during his exile, "I raised myself from nothing to be the most powerful monarch in the world. Europe was at my feet..." This shows the contradictory sides of the romantic hero; his good works, yet his failure; supportive yet egotistical;. Here was the endorsement of the freedom of individuals to follow their own inner vision, but imposing that vision upon the world.

The romantic heroes in literature are just as complex. For example, although there is disagreement, Heathcliffe in Wuthering Heights is often considered a romantic hero. Heathcliff, as a central character of the book, is an orphan raised by the Earnshaw family.When he is young, he forms a strong friendship with his foster sister, Catherine. As he becomes an adult, he falls helplessly in love with her and she is drawn to his passion and independence. In the meantime, he and his foster brother become bitter rivals, because Hindley resents the attention their father shows Heathcliff. Always a serious brooding and nonconformist type, Heathcliffe becomes vindictive and hurtful when Catherine marries their neighbour Edgar Linton. Catherine, in the meantime, has an approach/avoidance love for attractive and magnetic Heathcliffe as she compares her love for Linton to the seasons and for Heathcliff to the rocks.

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