Isabel Hampton Robb When The Thesis

Length: 8 pages Sources: 7 Subject: Health - Nursing Type: Thesis Paper: #10931589 Related Topics: Nursing Homes, American Corrections, Registered Nurse, Leaders
Excerpt from Thesis :

First, she felt that there should be a national standard for nursing education, decided upon by "many really experienced in the requirements for such work" (Hampton, 1894). This would result in a uniform coursework, with roughly equivalent graduation requirements, regardless of the school (Hampton, 1894). She proposed making nursing a three-year program, and limiting practical instruction to 8-hours a day, to ensure that students had sufficient time to learn new material (Hampton, 1894). She believed that nurse training programs should be run like other higher education programs, with "stated times for entrance into the school, and the teaching year should be divided according to the academic terms usually adopted in our public schools and colleges" (Hampton, 1894).

Case Western Reserve University

One of the more interesting facts about historical nursing is that nurses were typically unmarried or widowed women. In fact, nurses were oftentimes required to live in nursing homes in order to work in public-duty positions. Those nurses who were married were often employed as private duty nurses (Bullough, 2002). Therefore, it comes as little surprise that when Robb married Hunter Robb, a doctor, in 1894, she resigned her position as a nurse with John Hopkins Hospital. However, what is somewhat surprising is that Robb's marriage did not end her involvement with the nursing profession. Instead of simply becoming a housewife, Robb continued to actively educate future nurses.

When the couple moved to Cleveland, Robb "became a professor of gynecology at Case Western Reserve University" (Bullough, 2002).

In addition to teaching gynecology, while working at Case Western, Robb "took an active role in the development of the curriculum for the new hospital" and helped found the Lakeside Training School, which is now known as the Francis Payne Bolton School of Nursing (Francis Payne, 2009). There, she attempted to institute her ideals that nurse training "should not only prepare women to give compassionate care to the sick, but also to take an active role in reforming the conditions that produce illness" (Francis Payne, 2009). While she was not able to remedy all of the problems plaguing both nursing education and the nursing profession at the time, Robb did have a noted impact on Lakeside. Even before World War I, "the Lakeside Training School achieved a reputation for producing excellent graduate nurses" (Francis Payne, 2009).

Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada

Robb was also president of the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada (NAAUC), which is now known as the American Nurses Association (ANA). In fact, she was its first president in 1897 (AAHN, 2008). Robb helped set up the 1896 meeting that was the first convention of the NAAUC. She was one of less than twenty nurses in attendance (ANA, 2009). "Not one of the original attendees was a registered nurse, there were no laws licensing nurses at that time" (ANA, 2009). However,...


The NAAUC became the ANA in 1911.

Even after retiring from the active practice of nursing, Robb maintained an active role in the profession. As noted above, she taught gynecology at Case Western. However, she also helped establish the nursing program at Columbia University. There she directed the establishment of a hospital economics course at Teachers College. This course eventually "became the base for the department of nursing education" (Bullough, 2002).

International Council of Nurses

The influence of Robb's time in Rome could be seen in her later professional years, because she sought to change increase the importance of nursing, worldwide. Robb was one of the founding members of the International Council of Nurses (ICN) in 1899. The ICN was the "world's first and widest reaching international organization for health professionals" (ICN, 2009). It is an organization operated by and for nurses, with the goal of ensuring quality nursing care, sound global health policies, the advancement of nurse education, and the advancement of nursing as a profession. The ICN has three goals and five core values (ICN, 2009). Its three goals are "to bring nursing together worldwide; to advance nurses and nursing worldwide; [and] to influence health policy" (ICN, 2009). Its five core values are: "visionary leadership, inclusiveness, flexibility, partnership, [and] achievement" (ICN, 2009). These modern goals and values reflect the goals and values of Robb, one of its founders.


Robb wrote three major books throughout her career as a nurse. The first book was Nursing: Its Principles and Practice, which was published in 1889. The second book was Nursing Ethics, which was published in 1900. The third book was Educational Standards for Nurses, which was published in 1907. The books' titles adequately explain their content. Additionally, Robb was one of the members of the founding committee of the American Journal of Nursing, which began publication in 1900 and continues to be one of the most respected nursing journals in the world.


During her lifetime, Robb made tremendous contributions to the nursing profession. She helped reform nursing education from nurse training to a formal educational system, with a dual emphasis on technical instruction and practical application. She also helped establish educational requirements for nurses, making it clear that nursing was an aspirational vocation, and not something that just any person could do. Given what she accomplished in a relatively short period of time, one can only speculate what Robb's lifetime accomplishments would have been had she lived a full life. However, Robb died on April 15, 1910, after being hit by a trolley car. She was survived by her husband and two sons (AAHN, 2008).


AAHN. (2008). Isabel Adams Hampton Robb. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from American

Association for the History of Nursing, Inc.

Web site:

ANA. (2009). Where we come from. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from American Nurses


Web site:


Bullough, V. (2002). Isabel Adams Hampton Robb. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from NurseWeek

Web site:

Francis Payne Bolton School of Nursing. (2009). A reformer's spirit: the Lakeside Hospital

Training School. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from Case Western University

Web site:

Hampton, I. (1894). Educational standards for nurses.…

Sources Used in Documents:


AAHN. (2008). Isabel Adams Hampton Robb. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from American

Association for the History of Nursing, Inc.

Web site:

ANA. (2009). Where we come from. Retrieved February 7, 2009, from American Nurses

Cite this Document:

"Isabel Hampton Robb When The" (2009, February 07) Retrieved September 28, 2021, from

"Isabel Hampton Robb When The" 07 February 2009. Web.28 September. 2021. <>

"Isabel Hampton Robb When The", 07 February 2009, Accessed.28 September. 2021,

Related Documents
Florence Nightingale the Life and
Words: 7712 Length: 25 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 53220833

In 1858, Louis Pasteur identified germs, proving that diseases did not 'spontaneously' arise as nightingale thought (Atwell, 1998). However, it was Nightingale that began work as to the conditions that promoted the growth of germs, but she would not know this for many years. The Crimean War: Putting Theory Into Practice When the Crimean War broke out, she began work at once in a British hospital. Her emphasis was placed on

Florence Nightingale's Philosophy of Nursing
Words: 1095 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 62188921

In the Crimean War, she arranged for the physical set-up of the patients' beds, the discarding of the infested and soiled linens and the ensuring of good and maintained ventilation. After the War, she advocated for social reforms, one of which was the review of the British Poor Laws. The recall of this Law initiated its amendment into the Hardy's Bill on 1867. This bill looked into the state of

Florence Nightingale and Her Affect
Words: 693 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 96790822

Nursing Today VI. Conclusion A. The Call to Vocation B. The Influences: Before and After C. Nursing, Feminism, Service, and the Male Ego Reference List Bloy, M. (2010). Florence Nightingale. The Victorian Web. Retrieved from This site gives a good history of Nightingale, her service, and the impact she had on nursing. Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. Retrieved from A great source of information for all the written works of

Florence Nightingale Had a Very
Words: 686 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 57634296

But Florence Nightingale was not intimidated by the attitude of the military officers and she decided to fight with all weapons: she contacted the Times and reported the situation in army hospitals, thus forcing the British Army to reorganize their hospitals. Her contribution to the military hospitals paid off when, by improving the quality of sanitation, the number of dead patients was reduced considerably. Florence Nightingale was a strong supporter of

Florence Nightingale Paved the Way for Nursing in 2014
Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 57719817

Florence Nightingale -- Nursing Theorist The pioneering healthcare services that Florence Nightingale performed during 1854 Crimean War in Europe is today recognized as the beginning of the organized and sanitary field of nursing. This paper follows the career of Nightingale and recognizes her contribution to the theory of nursing care -- and the development of nursing training -- for the ill and the injured. The Progression of Florence Nightingale's Career From Financial Comfort

Nightingale Florence Nightingale and Environment Theory According
Words: 1927 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 49844067

Nightingale Florence Nightingale and Environment Theory According to most nursing historians, Florence Nightingale is the leading figure in the development of modern nursing. As an early innovator in the field, Nightingale would pioneer many of the ideologies and approach which are still in circulation today. In particular, nursing professionals in her wake would coin the term Environment Theory in order to describe the mode of care that would be her contribution to