Know the Answers Before You Ask Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

law should be used as a tool for shaping a shared moral climate? Why or why not? Should moral values be written into the law and enforced? Can you think of any examples where a change in the law seemed to improve the moral climate of society?

In general, I would say that the government should stay away from enforcing a moral climate in the sense that there has to be the question asked whether someone is harmed or not. However, "harm" is a very loaded term when it comes to some topics and this includes some things that are entirely legal. For example, adultery is assailed as a wrong thing to do. It can obviously break up relationships/marriages and any kids in the mix can be greatly impacted. However, while such tawdry details may (or may not) matter when a divorce or child custody hearing is done, it is almost never a criminal matter. This is despite the fact that most people are religious and feel adultery is wrong. However, many people draw a line when it comes to things that are religious in nature (although one can make an argument against adultery and for making it illegal without invoking religion) but it is commonly held that the government should stay out of such matters. The United States government in particular is held by Supreme Court precedent to keep the law and its enforcement as non-religious as possible. The recent gay marriage decision is just one example of this. On the other hand, murder ends a life and should absolutely be part of the moral climate created by the law. The loss of life is the differing factor between murder and adultery and the law treats it differently for that reason. There is nothing wrong with asserting that certainly lifestyle choices are wrong such as having kids out of wedlock, having kids while a teenager and so forth and one could make that case without religion. However, many people scream that even when it is not invoked.


Read "An Open Letter to Walt Disney" from the National Labor Committee to Disney CEO Michael Eisner.

National Labor Committee. (1996). An open letter to Walt Disney. Retrieved from

Decision Impacts on Stakeholder

If you worked for Disney, would you feel ethically compelled to blow the whistle on the situation in the letter? Why or why not? What theory of moral reasoning would you use to persuade the CEO to change? What, if anything, would you have advised Disney to do differently?

I would absolutely blow the whistle if there was clear evidence that sweatshops, child labor or anything else like that was going on. It may or may not be legal in that country but it is not acceptable for an American company (or any foreign company operating in the same) to allow this to happen from a moral standpoint because it is taking advantage of people with no voice or power in the name of money. It may bump up profits but the human and ethical costs involved are entirely too high. I would advise Disney to either make the wages higher in Haiti or use a different country. Wherever the factories are and whomever owns them, they should be run ethically and not in a sweatshop or authoritarian manner.


First read the transcript of the NPR story on workplace cheating.

Download and read the "LS312_Unit3_ShirkingWork.pdf" file from Doc Sharing.

Examine the following four areas of workplace privacy according to the guidelines listed below:

Drug testing

Email privacy

Telephone conversation privacy

Personal privacy

Workplace Privacy

What promotes the differing views managers and employees have on privacy issues? What should a company have access to regarding an employee's personal life, and what is not reasonable? What kind of control should a company have of an employee's off-the-job behavior?

There is indeed the dichotomous relationship between the employer typically feeling that they have every right to monitor what happens on their property or what discourse occurs on their systems. Employees would argue that anything personal should not be monitored and that the monitoring in general is "Big Brother." It is reasonable for a company to know if they are employing a felon or someone who is engaging in improper behavior such as badmouthing their company and so forth. Employers should have little to any control over an employee's personal life but they do have every right to react to things that they can prove happened, like the badmouthing example just mentioned. The one caveat to that would be jobs like police officers and nurses who can be called to work at any time in some situations. Indeed, one should not drink alcohol if they're on-call, for example. Other than that, the employer should not be privy to personal and private details but they do have the right to monitor their network and phone systems. Employees who have a problem with that should keep their private matters private by using their own phone or computer.


According to sociologists, what is society's image of a good mother? A good father? How do those images impact how parents who chose to balance their work life with family (i.e., work part-time) are viewed? What type of legislation or market solution do you think would solve wage gaps due to work-life balance decisions?

If one goes by the "traditional" gender roles, a "good mom" is one that is a stay-at-home mom or one that works very little (at least when the child is not in school yet) and the father's job is typically to be held to being the breadwinner. These images have an impact because working moms and stay-at-home dads are often mocked and insulted for their "bad choices." As for wage gaps due to personal family decisions, just about any intervention in the free market is typically less than wise. There are impacts to both men and women when they take time off to raise a family. Unfortunately, women are more highly impacted because they are much more often the people making such choices.


OSHA has been seen as both a positive and a negative influence on business and employees. Start by reading OSHA's mission statement.

Retrieved from

Go to About OSHA.

Explore the information and links on that page.

Locate some articles about OSHA written by Ralph Nader.

How does Mr. Nader feel about OSHA and their mission? Are they succeeding?

His general assessment is that OSHA is not getting the funding and powers it needs to do its job and he asserts that this has been the case for more than thirty years.

Do you think Mr. Nader's reasoning is correct?

Generally, the author of this response would agree. At the same time, OSHA should be a public servant and not an agency that wastes the time and resources of companies with silly sanctions. If employee safety is truly an issue, it should be dealt with.

What do you think workplace safety would be like without OSHA?

It would be a mixed bag. Some firms would do the right thing even without an agency overseeing them but there are certainly many others that would actively exploit the absence of an overseeing body that regulates safety.

Do you think managers and company owners would still be safety conscious because it is the ethical thing to do?

Some would ... perhaps even many of them. All of them? Absolutely not.

How do you think you would feel as a manager if an OSHA inspector showed up unannounced?

If I was the person enforcing the safety at the firm, I would not be worried because best practices would be in full effect. Any employees not following the rules would be warned or terminated as they present a risk to themselves, to others and/or the firm in general in terms of liability and safety.


Indiana Jones

This unit has largely been about performing research and organizing that research so that you can easily access and utilize the information you have obtained.

In the 1989 film, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, the renowned archaeologist Indiana Jones must use his father's diary, which contains his lifelong study and research, to locate the Holy Grail before it falls into the wrong hands. Indiana rescues his father, relieved that he no longer needs to use the diary to find the grail. Click on the link below to see what Jones' father (played by Sean Connery) says about his research.

Source (2009), Indiana Jones: The Last Crusade [Web video]. Retrieved from

Considering the type of research you might perform in your future public sector career that could have tremendous consequences if unrecoverable, what types of measures would you undertake to ensure your research can be authenticated and duplicated? Can you think of any circumstances under which you would not want your research to be readily available…

Sources Used in Document:

Retrieved from

Does the Nick Naylor character utilize the same forms of arguments he previously advocated? What about the Senate Committee? What strategies are they using to gain their points? Do you think there are any problems with the way the Senate Committee conducts the public discourse?

He does shift quite a bit in that he turns the attention to different things. For example, as a way to deflect about cigarettes being bad, he points to the fact that cheese can clog arteries and fatten people. He is also asked whether he would let his son smoke. Again, he deflects and says that it would be illegal. When the question shifts to what would happen if his son was 18, he admits he would buy him one. The questioning of the committee was a little unseemly because the questions were made personally. It is a textbook case of a Senator or other person in government using strident or even incendiary questions. Going after someone's family or the feelings for the same is below the belt and should never happen. The Senator should have stuck to the facts, the studies and so forth and not been such a crass person. Their strategy is to use "gotcha" questions and/or to get the person to say something controversial so as to discredit them. The admission by Naylor that he would give his son a cigarette would surely be used against them both in that committee and outside of it.

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