Leisure May Be The Death Of Europe Term Paper

Length: 3 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: Government Type: Term Paper Paper: #18153285 Related Topics: Europe, Sense And Sensibility, Lie, Food Politics
Excerpt from Term Paper :

Leisure May Be the Death of Europe


Time to Kill

In his article, Time to Kill - Europe and the Politics of Leisure, Steven Muller examines the efforts of Europe to reconstitute itself in the aftermath of the Cold War. By analyzing such factors as economics, politics, social functions, labor and unemployment, the author concludes that, in contrast to the prevailing sense of optimism, Western Europe is in fact facing a period of, "acute economic stagnation, the undermining rather than the expansion of democracy, and serious social upheaval" (Muller, 26). The primary cause of this crisis, according to Muller, is Europe's inability to rapidly or effectively deal with revolutionary changes in the human condition, which will result in a decreasing number of individuals enjoying the privilege of employment, and an increasing amount of leisure and idleness. I agree with the author that, unlike the other technologically advanced nations such as the United States and Japan, the existing conditions within Western Europe will contribute to, rather than guard against, impending economic, political, and social crisis.

Muller's assertion that within the most technologically advanced nations, a reversal is taking place between the social...


Termed 'smart machines', electronic technology and virtual intelligence are indeed performing more of the production and service tasks that society requires, and which used to be provided by human labor. The introduction of labor policies such as job sharing, shorter working hours, and increased holiday entitlements may initially stem the tide of mass unemployment but, as Muller correctly asserts, the rate of unemployment in most European nations has already begun to climb. The reason that this situation will prove damaging to Western Europe, and not America or Japan, lies in the economic policies of European governments, and in particular their welfare systems. In European Union countries, the costs of honoring their welfare promises to an increasing number of unemployed will be an enormous increase in public expenditure. It also places those governments into a 'catch 22' situation, whereby historical and political tradition make it extremely difficult, and electorally dangerous, to cut the present welfare benefits, so, in order to raise the additional revenues, they require to stimulate either public or private sector economic growth. To assist economic growth in the public sector places additional pressure and expense upon the already strained government budget, yet by favoring private sector growth they risk furthering the development of technological advances, and causing an unwanted increase in unemployment. The only viable solution to this crisis is to make cuts to the present levels of welfare: a policy that would be viewed by Europeans as being against their traditions of social justice and democracy, and which could potentially lead to outrage and social unrest.

Although the United States, and other technologically advanced nations outwith Europe, do not suffer from this historical bondage to an…

Sources Used in Documents:


Muller, S. (1997, Summer). Time to Kill - Europe and the Politics of Leisure. National Interest, 26-37.


Cite this Document:

"Leisure May Be The Death Of Europe" (2002, December 23) Retrieved June 12, 2021, from

"Leisure May Be The Death Of Europe" 23 December 2002. Web.12 June. 2021. <

"Leisure May Be The Death Of Europe", 23 December 2002, Accessed.12 June. 2021,

Related Documents
Social Conflict Europe Triumphant --
Words: 2098 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Literature Paper #: 23841633

"(Wharton, Chapter 1) Undine, unlike Ralph, cannot decompose or fade in intensity for her vision is as clear and black and white. Until she marries Ralph Marvell, Undine is always judging others by social status, sizing up clothing, furniture, and appearance as coolly as the aristocrats of the American, but with a different, superficial, monetary standard of worth rather than a cultural standard of worth. Her values are just as

Developmental Aging Through the Cognitive
Words: 4686 Length: 17 Pages Topic: Death and Dying  (general) Paper #: 17019343

The central nervous system is impaired generally producing retardation as well as accelerating the accretion of neurotic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. Chromosome 21 mutations have been implicated in Alzheimer's disease but the specific gene related to Down Syndrome is yet undetermined. E. Developmental Psychological Aspects of Aging The study of developmental psychology is focused on the changes of individuals over passage of time as well as the

American Visual Arts During the Cold War Period
Words: 12184 Length: 40 Pages Topic: Art  (general) Paper #: 93018579

Abstract Expressionist Painting Artistic and Aesthetic Value in American Modernist Art during the Cold War Era Defining American Expressionism American modernism is perhaps one of the most difficult artistic periods to define. Modernism refers to a trend that affirms the power of human beings to create, shape, and make improvements to their environment. Modernism is aided by technological advances and is considered both progressive and optimistic in its approach to defining society. American

Video Games Impact Adolescent Aggression
Words: 2961 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 38341638

Thee children, when socializing with their friends, invariably mimicked those violent characters they saw in the video games. While concluding, these researchers, pointed out that if children continued to play these kinds of violent and aggressive video games, then it is highly likely that negative and anti-social behavior becomes a norm for them (Nicoll and Kieffer, 2005). In one study carried out by Williams and Skoric (2005) revealed that gamers

Macroeconomic Performance Since 1997: United
Words: 5411 Length: 20 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 91433146

Americans receive two to three weeks of paid vacation per year, while Europeans receive between 5 and 7 weeks. In addition, the U.S. has generally 8 paid holidays per year; the comparable figure for Europe is 12 to 18 days (holidays such as Easter and Christmas, plus national days and even the Queen's Birthday in the Netherlands). As a result, Americans average only 10.2 vacation days per year (Zuckerman).

BP Crisis
Words: 2866 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Communication - Journalism Paper #: 55103452

Evidence of this can be seen with the company being slow to provide information, on the total amounts of oil that are leaking into the ocean and the various restrictions that they have placed on media coverage. (Lack of Transparency Afflicts Oil Spill Response 2010) This problematic, because when there are restrictions and the company is slow to release information, it appears as if they have something to hide.