Lie Detection: Recent Research and Examination
The study, "Early vs. Late Disclosure of Evidence: Effects on Verbal
Cues to Deception, Confessions, and Lie Catchers' Accuracy" by Jordan and colleagues attempts to pinpoint the elements of coerced confessions among other aspects in subterfuge. The dilemma with this study is that all attempts to make it seem as organic and realistic as possible in order to capture genuine human responses were not well executed, such as the mock interrogation room. No parts of the study design were strong or compelling enough to elicit aspects of human behavior that could provide a consistency or organic quality of response. Furthermore, the researchers often fall into the trap of creating research designs which are too complex to provide real use.
A researcher who doesn't make the mistake of creating an overly-complex research design is Dr. Richard Wiseman. His experiments use simple, straightforward methods to attempt…… [Read More]
Lie With Statistics
Huff, Darrell. How to lie with statistics. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1993.
'There is terror in numbers.' Darrell Huff was not a statistician. However, he wrote his 1954 classic How to lie with statistics to help his math-intimidated readership better "look a phony statistic in the eye and face it down; and no less important, how to recognize sound and usable data in [the] wilderness of fraud" (Huff 124). Over the course of his work he attempted to expose the deliberate lies and faulty reasoning exhibited in the advertising and partisan political writing that the average American was exposed to on a daily basis.
Obvious examples of lying with statistics include graphical misrepresentations, like drawing a very large item next to a small item, even though the actual difference in the amounts are statistically insignificant in mathematical terms. Graphs can be used to make an…… [Read More]
Lie of the Mind
There is more than one objective from this character. On one level, he seeks to explain himself, and present himself as a victim in strange circumstances. On another, he is trying to inform, although in a careful way; he is conveying that more is wrong in this family scenario than the other characters suspect. In terms of an over-all objective, however, he is after a truth in a way that is more important than anyone affected by it, including himself. That is the point of the questioning; he is opening the doors, unsure of what is there, but looking for support in finding out what it is. The objective is reckless, even dangerous. What is wanted from the other actors is cooperation, and help in getting to this truth.
The character is fumbling, literally. In his expressing of himself, he trips over himself because…… [Read More]
Paul Ekman is the Professor of Psychology at University of California, San Francisco.
This book distills 15 years of scientific study of nonverbal communication and the clues to deception. Mr. Ekman, a pioneer in emotions research and nonverbal communication, and could be most succinctly subtitled "Lies succeed because no one goes through the work to figure out how to catch them." Mr. Ekman's detailed research delves into the question of just how does a person go about detecting lies.
Building in the subject of body language, and the reality that a persons body will give clues to what is really going on inside their minds regardless of what is coming out of their mouth, Dr. Ekman goes beyond the standard inventory of non-verbal clues and looks into micro-gestures, micro-expressions. These, he says, are fleeting communications, often only distinguishable on the slow-motion replay of an event, much like an NFL…… [Read More]
Deflecting is yet another category where the attention due is diverted from the truth to other matters that may not necessarily concern the situation yet sensitive enough to receive attention. Omission is highlighted as yet another telling of lie that involves telling the truth but omitting a few truths that are crucial to the entire situation. Stereotypes and cliches is yet another category where the socially believed statements are used to misinform people instead of giving the balanced truth. Groupthinking is seen as a category of lies where one is compelled to agree to what the group believes in, not necessarily because is convinced but due to group loyalty demand. Out-and-out lies is yet another category where the person directly lies about something that can be seen as clearly the opposite of the truth. Dismissal is a kind of lies that are perpetuated by denying the reality and is considered…… [Read More]
I find this kind of manipulation reprehensible and I believe the American people deserve the truth. Although they may have been acting in the best of intentions, it would seem that history will prove this administration wrong.
Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States egarding Weapons of Mass Destruction. Washington, D.C., 2005.
Deputy Inspector General for Intelligence. eview of the Pre-Iraqi War Activities of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense, 2007.
Bamford, James. A Pretext for War: 9/11, Iraq, and the Abuse of America's Intelligence Agencies. New York: Doubleday, 2004.
Blix, Hans. Disarming Iraq: The Former Director of the U.N. Inspection Commission Gives His Account of the Search for Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Events Leading Up to America's Invasion and Occupation of Iraq. New York: Pantheon, 2004.
Corn, David. The Lies of George W. Bush: Mastering the…… [Read More]
This persona is lost between two worlds and the lying is just one way of dealing with the confusion.
The tone in "hite Lies" is one of regret as the poet comes to terms with her own feelings about her heritage. She realizes how she wanted others to think she was someone different than she was because she did not like herself. She was not comfortable in her own skin. The soap is a symbol of purity and her mother means to clean the speaker's tongue but she knows the problem goes much farther than her mouth. hen her mother washed out her mouth she swallowed the soap "thinking they'd work / from the inside out" (28). The poet realizes her shame and understands her mother's anger but she could never resist lying about herself to make herself look better to others. At the end of the day, she is…… [Read More]
hat Marshall does to bolster his argument that Global arming is a
sham is quote from scientists and experts in the field who are doubters;
for example, Dr. Boris interhaiter, a professor of marine geology in
Australia, claims that Al Gore's movie is full of "circumstantial
arguments." And those arguments, interhaiter is quoted as saying, "are so
weak that they are pathetic. It is simply incredible that they, and his
film, are commanding public attention," the professor asserts. hen glacier
walls break, that is a "normally occurring phenomenon" which is caused by
the "advance of the glacier" (according to interhaiter).
Going back to his original theory presented at the outset of his
article, Marshall asks, if a majority of scientific opinion shows that
Global arming is caused by the sun, they how will reducing carbon
emissions possibly be of any help? And moreover, Marshall continues, "How
does driving cars cause…… [Read More]
Along the Border Lies
Borders can mean many things, not the least of which are the borders of a page, a country, or any indeterminate edge. The title of the book Along the Border Lies, by Paul Flores illustrates this indeterminate nature of what a 'border' is, in the indeterminate characters of its main protagonists and its symbolically indeterminate geographical status of where lie the borders of the American 'nation.' Even the narrative structure of the novel is transgressive, as it takes the form interlocking stories about people in their twenties and thirties and their relationships, rather than the traditional linear form of plot, conflict, and resolution, as outlined by Janet Burroway in her guide to riting Fiction. But Flores does make use of extensive geographic and linguistic symbolism, as is also discussed by Burroway, for symbolism are powerful tools in the hand of any author. The personal relations of…… [Read More]
future lie in China or America?
The series of essays pertaining to the winning essays in the Ging Hawk Club Essay Contest in 1936 illustrate different arguments and perspectives regarding the question, "Does my future lie in China or America?" The winners, Robert Dunn from Harvard University (winning essay) and Kaye Hong from University of Washington (second place), portrayed different perspectives regarding the issue. To add further debate not only on the choice of winners, but on the discussion of the issue within each winning essay, reactions from the Chinese Students' Club in Stanford University and Jane Kwong Lee provided more in-depth analysis of the issue being discussed. The texts that follow are vital points debated in these sets of essays answering and contemplating the vital question, "Does my future lie in China or America?"
Dunn's stance on the issue is, "I choose a course of life whose future lies…… [Read More]
monologue "A Lie Of The Mind" play written Sam Shepard. monologue page "80." starts Frankie " Look- I make effort. Did ?." I u make ? essay outline:Take home test outline: Text: Audition Michael Shurtleff ( outline) Part 1.
A Lie of the Mind
Michael Shurtluff's guideposts are very important for all actors, regardless of their level of preparation. Through acting in accordance with these guideposts, one is likely to experience positive results while on scene. Most professional actors who come across these principles are very probable to acknowledge that they have developed a similar set of laws during their career. Although told from a general point-of-view, guideposts inform the actor regarding his or her priorities and instruct him or her in being able to have a good impact on the audience. One does not necessarily have to follow Shurtluff's guideposts literally, as he or she can interpret them or…… [Read More]
passion lie? Answering this question was not difficult for me. My passion is helping other people and making a difference in the lives of others through meaningful work. My other passion is scientific technology, as I am fascinated and exhilarated by the advances in technology that have continually furthered the healthcare field, resulting in more effective care of patients. From these passions stemmed my decision to pursue studies in radiation technology. This field of work would allow me to bring these two passions together in a practical, applied manner in a workplace environment that is exciting, dynamic, and inspiring. The continual opportunities for learning in the field are also appealing to me, as I am very curious and keenly seek out new knowledge enthusiastically. This application to the radiology technology program is the first step toward my achievement of a fulfilling career I can grow with.
I have always been…… [Read More]
A smaller lie or exaggeration might be dismissed, or fail to make an impression upon the listener's consciousness, but a big lie both attracts attention and is so shocking it is assumed that it must be valid, at least in part.
The use of the 'big lie' has no utilitarian justification. It fulfills no greater good, as it is based upon unsound evidence. It preys upon the fears and needs of the public. Hitler justified such lies because he rationalized that it would create support for an ideology that would supposedly save Germany from its post-World War I shame. Advertisers use the 'big lie' to draw attention to their product, and because other, competing products also lie, thus causing a kind of competition between who can tell the most arresting 'big lie.' But this supposed need to draw attention to a product does not excuse advertisers taking advantage of the…… [Read More]
" By keeping quiet, the narrator pretends to be white. She does not protest when her friend includes her in the white privileged clique. The phrase "quiet as kept" refers to the subordinate position of domestic slaves, who were not permitted to speak as equals with their masters. This eerie imagery is used to underscore the close connection between race and class in America. Whites are the dominant culture and the possessors of wealth and political power. Ivory soap is not just a symbolically white soap; the company itself is a white-owned company. Likewise, the narrator claims that she would lie about where her dress was from and even where her family lived. In fact, her dresses were made at home and she lived in a colorful "pink and green" house "along the tracks." In other words, she grew up a poor woman of color and it was her personal…… [Read More]
Furthermore, the author has also eluded to the negative consequences in which there is a complete lack of ability to define what truth is. In this context, O'Brien ends his essay by stating that a true war story is actually "…about love and memory. it's about sorrow" (O'Brien, 278). The memory referred to in this quotation is decidedly skewed, since the author has already proven that war stories, which are told by people who have endured trauma, are not necessarily true. Therefore, the memory of the events of a war story must be poor, since such events were subjectively -- or rather deceptively -- remembered. Finally, the fact that the author describes a true war story as being about "sorrow," not only alludes to the facts of the story, but also the condition of the teller of the tale -- who has a warped since of memory and is decidedly…… [Read More]
hy would a highly successful automobile manufacturing company -- the largest car company in the world, having overtaken Toyota in early 2015 -- deliberately and stealthily develop technologies that hide the truth about carbon-related emissions? And what are the financial and social ramifications of the deception that Volkswagen engaged in? This research paper has the objective of reviewing the Volkswagen Company, its history, its success, and its decision to create software that cleverly -- yet demonically -- hides the fact that diesel exhaust is dirty, fouls the air, and fails to meet clean air standards.
The technical decision-making process at Volkswagen is clearly among the corporate culprits that contributed to this enormous scandal. But moreover, the executive decision-makers, and the board of directors share responsibility for the shaming firestorm of public outcries that followed revelations of this scandal.
Statement of the Problem
Volkswagen had made plans to launch…… [Read More]
U.S. War against Iraq
'The ig Lie': Larry Mosqueda's Historical Analysis of U.S. Imperialism and Its Significance with the U.S.-Iraq War (Gulf War II)
Media reports about the current state of the U.S.-Iraq War, also called Gulf War II, illustrates how the war is premeditated and triggered by the bombing of the World Trade Center in 2001. The ush Administration, generally perceived as the whole country of United States, decided to end these string of terrorist attacks against the country by waging an offensive war against Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and Afghanistan's Taliban government. The ongoing search for bin Laden extended onto the countries that ush identified as the "Axis of Evil" -- Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. ush's attempts to eliminate these 'threats' to U.S. security have led to the declaration of war against Iraq. The war led to the immobilization of Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq,…… [Read More]
The roots of modern philosophy lie in Greek philosophy, which was based on logic, metaphysics, ethics and epistemology. Modern philosophy began with the works of philosopher Rene Descartes, who founded and led the intellectual revolution of the Renaissance.
Descartes was determined to rediscover philosophy by shedding the Scholastic method and tracing the roots of Greek philosophy.
The Modern Era is best described as an experimentation in subjectivity in different forms, including individualism, egoism, or solipsism. Even today, all modern philosophies are, in some way, based on Descartes' ideas of subjectivism and his rejection of the Scholastic method.
Modern Philosophy was created without institutional influences or traditionalism. One of its most important characteristics of the modern period of philosophy is that it sought to be the result of reason alone, freeing itself from theology and church regulations. Basically, modern philosophers relentlessly search for solid foundations and lean toward subjectivity.
Descartes,…… [Read More]
Presenting natives as a 'doomed' race is comforting: "Feeling good is a human need, but it imposes a burden that history cannot bear without becoming simple-minded. Casting Indian history as a tragedy because Native Americans could not or would not acculturate is feel-good history for whites. By downplaying Indian wars, textbooks help us forget that we wrested the continent from Native Americans" (Loewen 133).
More liberal textbooks portray native persons as victims, but often as hapless victims. Such attempts at inclusivity smack of tokenism rather than a real, honest attempt to understand history. In fact, tokenism is also rife in addressing women's issues and issues of race: it is either ignored or bracketed into a safe, confined corner of the text. And history is always portrayed as getting progressively more liberal, rather than engaging in 'backsliding,' which certainly occurred during Reconstruction in regards to African-American rights. oodrow ilson, for example,…… [Read More]
The resulting quandary becomes one, therefore, that textbooks are being written and history taught in this manner so as to show and instruct people how they should act and strive to become - a rather false vision. What this accomplishes is nothing more then to relay to the student what is deemed acceptable to everyone and what is not - a general consensus filled with errors and inadequacies. When it comes to a student remembering historical lessons they normally do not remember what is being taught to them unless they are emotionally involved (Lies, 301). The lingering question for society to ponder is why are students being taught this manner for doing so results in our students not knowing the true history of their country. Although a sad commentary Loewen firmly believes it is an accurate one, given responses to questions he has asked his students throughout the years. As…… [Read More]
This is a classic example
to support Loewen's thesis of biased textbooks, inaccurate textbooks, and
textbooks that eschew controversy. In general, according to Loewen,
textbooks avoid the problems of the recent past, must to his dismay. This
will only lead to improper education of American students and thus the
Vietnam ar serves as a solid example of his contentions.
I believe that most of Loewen's claims are substantiated, except that
he does have some left wing tendencies which appear to be a result of his
own biases rather than historical accuracies. He considers the "system" to
be at fault for American poor, and even somewhat criticizes those who
believe people are responsible for their own economic standing. hether or
not he is correct is not the issue. The issue is that it appears that his
own socio-economic opinions have infiltrated his study and interpretation
of American history. It is undeterminable…… [Read More]
Lies My Teacher Told Me stresses how students can repeat the same social studies class three times and still be ignorant of American history. Today, U.S. young adults leave most history courses with the false belief that the subject is only a bunch of facts and dates, completely boring, irrelevant to their lives and out of touch with the real world. Especially if a student is Latino, African-American, Asian or other nonwhite, Anglo-Saxon American, the "stories" are so removed from his/her life and culture that there is little or no connection with the written textbook words.
Loewen's main critique centers around the heroification of the nation's historical figures and the in-depth nature of events to rote memorization. It is no wonder that students say history and social studies are their least favorite classes -- despite the fact that they often get better grades in this subject than in math or…… [Read More]
Also, Anna finds more lies as she analyses illiam's past, concluding that lies play a vital role in people's lives. The fact that even illiam's mother had to lie relating to her son's real father convinces Anna to think less about illiam's life. Ursula having similar beliefs to Anna contributes to them wanting to find out more about illiam's past, and, to try to understand it.
hen finally deciding to brake up from Piotr, Anna does not attempt to bring any reasons for her decision, as she simply claims that she fell in love with someone else. This proves to be too much for Piotr that cannot conceive how something like this can simply happen. Anna's mother also finds it hard to accept that her daughter would brake up with her husband. Even with that, she had not actually been against Anna's decision because of her being determined to quit…… [Read More]
Lies and Their Consequences
I once attended a training program at my place of work that focused on providing good customer service. The thing is, my job really had nothing to do with external customer service, and only by a stretch of the imagination could it be said that my work as an individual contributor had much to do with internal customer service -- a phrase that is corporate-speak for carrying out work that is of value to another department or team member. Truth be told, I signed up for the training program just to get some relief from my oppressive work. The customer service training program was conducted by a pleasant man who happened to be gay, which is neither here nor there, really, except for one factor. From what I observed, I thought he might have be able to conduct this overly simple -- reductionist -- workshops because…… [Read More]
She eventually does however, and this particular episode merely shows the types of problems that families have with one another. It functions as a piece of foreshadowing since it occurs in the beginning of the film. While the aforementioned couple argues about whether or not the husband looks better with his glasses on or off, or why the wife has chosen to hide her crucifix because it is not expensive enough or gold, the viewer is merely given visual clues that the tension, arguments, and problems that have befallen this particular couple is one of the themes in the movie. The couple, therefore, functions as a microcosm of the couples and families in the film, and of the problems that plague them.
Not all of the portraits that Morris is shown taking at the beginning of the film are as argumentative as that of the aforementioned couple. However, the vast…… [Read More]
Sex, Lies, And Conversation
The dynamic between men and women has been one of the most powerful things in the world for centuries if not millennia. Men have traditionally been in power while women have struggled against their oppression to forge a place for themselves in the world. Although we have progressed in society to the point where women have reached a place nearing equality, if we look at the people in control of the world governments and the CEOs of large corporations, it is still largely a man's world. The short piece by Deborah Tannen (2012) entitled "Sex, Lies, and Conversation" deals with the dynamic between men and women, particularly in marriages and how the relationship between man and woman is different in public than it is behind closed doors. Above all other issues that might come up in a relationship, the author expresses the belief that communication, or…… [Read More]
As a result, ads for ethnicities such as blacks and Hispanics are limited to media designed to target only these audiences.
Steinem rues the advertiser's power over her magazine. She regrets the use of a feminist magazine to sell products that are bad for women, but explains the financial necessity for doing so. Cigarette and alcohol ads provide a disproportionate amount of advertising support and can't be forfeited without threatening the survival of the magazine. In fact, ads themselves begin to compete with content for space, changing the content to ad ration from 60/40 to 50/50. The following statement by Steinen reflects her degree of despair:
There is hardly a night when I don't wake up with sweaty palms and pounding heart, scared that we won't be able to pay the printer or the post office; scared most of all that closing our doors will hurt the women's movement." (Steinem,…… [Read More]
Thus, holders of this statistically-driven information holds the 'power' over the general public, succeeding in influencing the general public's opinion and feelings about a specific issue or social concern. Best reflects in his book his advocacy for correct usage of social statistics, as he knows the critical role that numbers and statistics play in swaying not only general opinion and perception, but ultimately, in the public's perception of the favorability of a public issue, which could possibly lead to the development and implementation of legislation that will inevitably affect the lives of many people. However, as reflected throughout the book, it is critical to have a basic understanding of how social statistics are applied in popular media today. Perhaps it would help to think that what Best actually promotes is the use of critical thinking -- how an individual should process and analyze information (such as social statistics) first before…… [Read More]
ies by Eva Stachniak
Eva Stachniak's book Necessary ies is a book whose main character is mostly based on the author's own biography. He book is about life in Poland in communist times, the cultural shock encountered by an immigrant to Canada from a communist country, a destroyed marriage as a consequence of the estrangement of the spouses, love and betrayal. Up to a point, the book is dealing with the difficulties every immigrant encounters when moving form Europe to North America, or even from a country to a different country from the same continent. The protagonist here is just carrying the burden of twenty-eight years of living in communist Poland, until she immigrated to Canada in 1981.
The main character in Necessary ies left Poland the year following the workers strike that led to the formation of the Independent Self-Governing Union Solidarnosc, under ech Walesa's leadership.
From the moment…… [Read More]
This foolishness becomes emblematic of the entire Vietnam experience -- situations are created to display violence and bravery that have tremendous significance to the soldiers, but serve no real purpose. Just as Rat mythologizes Kurt's willingness to face death, and uses the body of an animal to vent his fury as a kind of sacrifice, Kurt himself tried to live up to a foolish ideal of what it meant to be a solider.
The lies, or the myths and symbols these individuals created about themselves almost have a stronger force than the truth. Rat believes really angry with Kurt's sister, not the war. Tim suggests that Rat is angry with Kurt's sister because she refused to believe Rat's version of her brother's character, not about how he died. At the end of the novel, Rat attempts to recapitulate Kurt's violence against himself with his tooth by blowing off his own…… [Read More]
There are no shades of gray and there aren't times when something is right and something is wrong. Something that is right is always right and vice versa for wrong. That means that killing people is always wrong, no matter what the situation is. The people in the office building may be infected with a virus that can wipe out all of mankind, but that still doesn't make it right for a person to kill another person. Kant believed that people must act in accordance to the maxim that they wish would become a universal law. So that means that if I think it is okay to go in and kill these people, then I must believe that this should be a universal law.
For Mill and Bentham, there is a right and wrong. Depending on the situation, right and wrong can change. Sometimes killing may be okay and sometimes…… [Read More]
e may look at King Lear and see a bunch of messed up people but those people are some of the most realistic characters Shakespeare ever created. The best piece of advice to be gleaned from the play is to simply not allow any amount of wealth to blind one from truth. This is difficult because wealth attracts all kinds of people who feign affection. However, Lear illustrates that we can see beyond money and, if we try hard, we can do so and not have to lose our fortunes. People reveal who they actually are over time. The smartest thing anyone can do is pay attention and remember things. King Lear and Gloucester also show us that we are never too old to learn valuable lessons. e should never believe we know everything or even enough. An open mind and a bit of skepticism goes a long way when…… [Read More]
strength lies in your ability to give up something good in order to attain the best. It is not the easiest thing to do since there are many risks involved but if you feel in your heart that best is yet to come and allowing something good to go so you can fulfill your destiny and achieve the best then you should follow your heart. Such an opportunity for me arose at two different points in my life. One was when I was working for Early Bird Messenger Company and realized that if I had entrepreneurial skills and should start working for myself. I loved the idea of being my own boss and that's when I started my own business. This was an exciting new arena for me and I enjoyed following a different schedule, a new routine and simply a new lifestyle. But as all good things must come…… [Read More]
organization normally lies on the competency of its employees with the responsibility upon them. However, the management is supposed to assign relevant task according to the skills and experience of an employee. Therefore job analysis is used in finding out the right job for the right person. However, "Job analysis" can be defined as the way of identify and determine in detail the particular job responsibility, requirements and relatives importance of these duties for a given an employee (Jones Sanchez, 2001).
Moreover, it is used to determine which criteria should be assessed in the selection process and the one which should be addressed for correspondence when one is being employed (Chad H. Van, 2010). Although, a lot of experience and skills are obtain when already working, but is necessary to have human resource experts to provide a ratings during job analysis, which however determine the best responsibilities and compensation for…… [Read More]
Damned Lies & Statistics discusses a number of factors that impact the ways quantitative research is conducted, disseminated, and ultimately interpreted by researchers and consumers (e.g., readers of journal and newspaper articles). In what ways are the arguments raised in this book "bigger" than the simple misuse and/or misunderstanding of statistics by researchers and consumers? How might the arguments raised in the book connect with bigger themes/issues pertaining to the research (both quantitative and qualitative) process and the dissemination of knowledge? Discuss.
Statistics of Social issues are a reflection of the activities of individuals that identify with, name, describe, gauge, and promote. An extensively known name changes a condition that we take for granted into a situation we regard as disturbing and worth gauging. Simply put, statistics are regarded as a product of social activity. In addition, statistics are social constructs: it is through them that the world is made…… [Read More]
To the north of Tajikistan lies Kyrgyzstan, to the west lies Uzbekistan, to the east lies China and to the south lies Afghanistan. This state was formed due to the split of Central Asia in 1920 under Soviet rule. It covers an area of 143,100 sq. km. 
Soghdiana, the northern part of today's Tajikistan, was settled by Iranian tribes between 1,000 and 500 C. Important cities of Tajikistan today Khujand and Panjkakent belonged to Soghdiana in ancient times. During their tarvelling to China and to the west, Soghdians adopted other religions such as Zoroastrianism, Christianity, huddism and they also shared their knowledge with people whom they met on their way. During sixth to fourth centuries .C, Tajikistan belonged to ancient Persia's Achaemenid Empire that was ruled by Darius I. In 333 .C., Alexander the Great conquered it. 
In early Eighteenth Century, Islamic Arabs…… [Read More]
masterful aspects of Death of a Salesman is the extent to which playwright Arthur Miller leaves it ambiguous regarding Willy Loman's culpability for his own condition. On one hand, he is part of a capitalist system which values people solely upon the extent to which they can demonstrate a profit for their superiors and how well-liked they are by their colleagues. Loman is not well-liked enough, and as soon as his sales figures begin to slip he is ostracized by his business colleagues. According to Willy, he has "gotta be at it ten, twelve hours a day. Other men -- I don't know -- they do it easier. I don't know why -- I can't stop myself -- I talk too much" (Miller 24).
Act I makes it clear that Willy's idealistic version of how to achieve success within capitalism involves get-rich-quick schemes rather than actual effort as well as…… [Read More]
However, Fitzgerald creates a narrative conceit whereby Carraway praises Gatsby, but Gatsby's ridiculousness as well as his charm shines through. For example, Gatsby attempts to seduce Daisy with his collection of shirts bought in London by his "man" -- the scene is both touching and ridiculous as Daisy says "It makes me sad because I've never seen such -- such beautiful shirts before" (Fitzgerald 74). Daisy is clearly weeping because she understands how hard Gatsby has tried to impress her, and how much she has lost by marrying Tom.
Fitzgerald does not censor the scene and make the two lovers seem better than they are, while Nick clearly romanticizes their affair: "Possibly it had occurred to him [Gatsby] that the colossal significance of that light had now vanished forever. Compared to the great distance that had separated him from Daisy it had seemed very near to her, almost touching her"…… [Read More]
Lies and alkies: Singing in the Rain vs. Sunset Boulevard
Long before the self-reflexive, pastiche ethos of postmodernism that is popular today, films like "Singing in the Rain" and "Sunset Boulevard" used the medium of cinema to critique the false nature of Hollywood and to critique the medium of film itself. Both the films "Singing in the Rain" and "Sunset Boulevard" chronicle the rocky transition of Hollywood from a purely silent and image-based means of generating a creative pictorial reality to a talking and slightly more realistic version of 'real life.' But while "Sunset Boulevard" shows this supposed transition was really a lie -- talking pictures are no more real than silent life, "Singing" in the Rain was more hopeful in its presumption that talking and even singing movies could be slightly more realistic than the silent epics of costume balls and far-off lands.
"We had faces then," says Norma…… [Read More]
Controversies in Neuroscience: Autism
Controversies in Clinical Neuroscience: Autism Spectrum Disorders
Controversies in Clinical Neuroscience: Autism Spectrum Disorders
Although the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2014a) and numerous medical organizations universally debunk the notion that vaccines contribute to the prevalence of autism, some sectors of the public refuse to let go of this belief and have even employed tactics designed to shut down opposing views ("Silencing debate," 2007). The emotionally-laced rhetoric infesting the debate over autism etiology, however, is a sign of the level of concern parents are increasingly expressing. This anxiety seems to be justified in part by recent data showing that 1 in 68 children, 8-years of age, suffer from autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (CDC, 2014b, p. 6). This means that close to 60,000 of the nearly 4 million children born each year within the United States (CDC, 2014c) will be diagnosed with…… [Read More]
Spot a Liar, a presentation given by Pamela Meyer (2011) as part of the TedTalks series, Meyer provides a lecture on the different types of lies individuals are exposed to everyday and the signals that present when an individual is not telling the truth. Meyer presents her lecture in an easy to follow format and provides examples and visuals that allow the viewer to better understand lying and how to spot it.
In "How to Spot a Liar," Meyer (2011) argues that there are two truths about lying: lying is a cooperative act and although people are against lying, they are "covertly" for it. The first truth about lying, that it is a cooperative act, argues that a lie is effective because the person that is being lied to is willing to accept what the liar is telling them. Furthermore, Meyer (2011) argues that not all lies are harmful and…… [Read More]
From that, he says, "This cynical attitude is strong these days on campus, where postmodern theory erodes basic truthfulness by holding that facts and truth don't really exist." He then tries to support that argument by quoting Two University of Pennsylvania professors who claim, "We are all engaged in writing a kind of propaganda. Rather than believe in the absolute truth of what we are writing, we must believe in the moral or political positions we are taking with it." According to Leo, this means that "Feelings and political stances count. Facts and truth don't." The non-sequitur is his conclusion that there is a cynical attitude on campus, with postmodern theory eroding basic truthfulness. That conclusion does not necessarily follow from his example of the dishonest Nobel Prize winner or the two university professors. This is a sweeping condemnation of universities that is not warranted by the examples he cites.…… [Read More]
gamut of subjects related to American history. The underlying themes of the course included race, class, gender, and power. Books such as Lies My Teacher Told Me and Zinn's People's History of the United States present a more rounded overview and analysis of historical events than what is typically offered in public school textbooks or in popular media. Modern resources ranging from newspaper and magazine articles to film and documentary productions help to round out the student's understanding of American history. The course shows that history is written by the victors, which paints a skewed and heavily biased version of events. The time has come to revise American history textbooks with a more truthful portrayal of how historical events unfolded. History has shaped, and his shaped by, sociological factors like race, class, gender, and power.
Race remains one of the most important topics in American history, culture, society, and identity.…… [Read More]
oss thought that all people should be benevolent and so if lying affects one's benevolence, one needs to decide if lying is better for the sake of benevolence.
oss' non-absolutist take to ethics is preferred because is considers what is morally right in certain situations. In the instance of a Poker game, it is a game that relies upon lying or "bluffing" so it actually does pass Kant's universal law test. Kant would probably not take issue with the game of Poker because it is a game that needs the aspect of bluffing in order to work. But, if we want to use the example and examine it purely from a Kantian perspective on lying, then we must consider that people are acting from a means approach and not an end approach and all of the players have the same intention in mind -- to wind the game -- and…… [Read More]
Ethics in Law Enforcement
"Sometimes [police officers] may, and sometimes may not, lie when conducting custodial interrogations. Investigative and interrogatory lying are each justified on utilitarian crime control grounds. Police are never supposed to lie as witnesses in the courtroom, although they may lie for utilitarian reasons similar to those permitting deception & #8230;" (Skolnick, et al., 1992)
Is it ethical for law enforcement officers to use deception during the interrogation process? It appears that when officers are attempting to extract a confession from a suspect, deception is, in many cases, commonly applied strategy. Does a code of ethics conflict with the way in which law enforcement conducts its interviews and interrogations? hat do the courts say about deceptive interrogation tactics? These issues will be reviewed in this paper.
Deception in the Interrogation Room
Is it ethical to lie to obtain the truth? No. Do the ends justify the means?…… [Read More]
Rumor of ar
In 1977, Philip Caputo wrote A Rumor of ar, to document his experience as a Marine during the Vietnam ar. Caputo does not "pretend" to write about history, politics, "power, strategy, influence, national interests, or foreign policy," (xiii). A Rumor of ar is about what it is like to be a soldier: it is a "simple story about war, about the things men do in war and the things war does to them," (Caputo xiii). The events chronicles in A Rumor of ar cover Caputo's service in 1965 and 1966. However, the war dragged on a lot longer than that. Caputo therefore writes an epilogue years later with more commentary.
Caputo traces the changes in his own perspective, as well as in the perspectives of his fellow soldiers. hen he first joins the marines, the troops believe that they are fighting a small and relatively insignificant war.…… [Read More]
There lies question on whether scientific knowledge is able to answer all the questions that relate to physical reality. For many years, people have wondered what the earth is composed of, leaving them wondering if the nature's secrets will one day be revealed (Grant 64). However, it is notable that since Galileo discovered the moon in 1608, there has been a remarkable move by his fellow scientists.
A lot of studies in science including the origin of the solar system, sonata of the stars, how matter changes to energy, and detailed works of an atom, among others has not fully exposed the science knowledge. However, the human culture seems to change with science. orldview patterns prove that complex systems studies by working from their smallest constituents meaning from bottom up. These paradigms also confirm that the laws of nature pounce from deep symmetry writs in to the basics…… [Read More]
history seems only like a carefully curated set of facts, figures, and events that when taken together promote a specific ideology or worldview. Thus, Americans focus almost exclusively on people, places, and events that uphold the idea of American exceptionalism. ars and the conquests of men overshadow the lives of women, and Europeans are given precedence. The quote by .E.B. DuBois underscores the inherent falseness in approaching history, given that on some level there will always be editorializing. Howard Zinn also reassembles American history in a way that subverts the paradigm that had been taught related to the supremacy of capitalism and the white-washing of key turning points. A People's History of the United States gives voice to those who were systematically suppressed or oppressed. Likewise, Loewen's Lies My Teachers Told Me undoes the brainwashing that schoolchildren in the United States endure.
Loewen and Zinn take up .E.B DuBois on…… [Read More]
isk Management in Family Owned Businesses
A family business can be simply described as "any business in which a majority of the ownership or control lies within a family, and in which two or more family members are directly involved" (Bowman-Upton, 1991). In other words, it is a multifaceted, twofold structure consisting of the family and the business meaning that the involved members are both the part of a job system and of a family system (Bowman-Upton, 1991).
Most families seek stability, intimacy, a sense of community, and belonging through the family business (Hess, 2006). On the other hand, whenever family and business are mentioned together, a majority of people think of continuous conflict, competition and contention (Crenshaw, 2005). However, "successful family businesses do not let the family destroy the business or the business destroy the family" (Hess, 2006).
The family-owned businesses are the backbone of the world financial system.…… [Read More]
lies for which we are truly punished are those we tell ourselves.
"It is wrong to have an ideal view of the world. That's where the mischief starts. That's where everything starts unravelling..."
"The world is what it is; men who are nothing, who allow themselves to become nothing, have no place in it."
Nobel Prize-winning author Naipaul published the story "One Out of Many in 2001." This story was published the same year as the terrorist attacks upon the World Trade Center in New York City. It is no coincidence that he published the story with the protagonist of South Asian, and stereotypically, terrorist descent during this year. The story is a somewhat familiar one, of a man, Santosh, from a foreign (to Americans) country when his life changes. The man he serves and works for receives a transfer to Washington D.C. What is familiar about Santosh's plight…… [Read More]
Lying is perhaps one of the most common wrongs we (virtually all of us) commit in the course of our life. It could even be true to say that it is human nature to tell lies. Consciously or unconsciously, we often lie to evade embarrassing or awkward situations, get out of trouble, and/or make other people feel better or intimidate them. Unfortunately, even though lying may be good or bad depending on the situation at hand, or depending on who you ask, we usually disregard the impact our lies can have on not only those lied to, but also us. Even the most trivial of lies can have severe unexpected consequences.
As an individual, I regard myself as a straightforward and honest person. This is a value that I have emulated from my father since childhood. My father has always taught me the importance of candidness and truthfulness. I have…… [Read More]
There are three types of stimuli used, which are:
2) Irrelevant; and 3) Probes.
These are used "in the form of words, pictures, or sounds..." which a computer presents for a second or even a partial second. Incoming stimulus, if it is worth noting, results in a P-300, which is an electrical brain response. The P-300 is part of a MERMER or a memory and encoding related multifaceted electroencephalographic response, which is a larger brain response.
Originally event related potentials (ERP) was the method used for studying brain activity information processing. The limitation of the ERP is that it causes elimination of all patterns that are complex and results in the meaningful signals also being lost. The multifaceted electroencephalographic response analysis or MERA was developed due to the limitation of the ERP. Farwell found that incorporation of this technique resulted in the elicitation of MERMER when the individual…… [Read More]
Finally, learning how to rely on and depend on others can help people rely on and depend on God. The exercise teaches the value of trust and shows that we can depend on other people as well as God.
7. Body Outline: Drawing an outline of the body is a helpful exercise for people who have eating disorders. It can help people recognize that their body image does not match the reality of their physical form. In some cases, drawing the body can bring up strong emotions. For this exercise, drawing the body outline enables participants to explore self-image: the lies we tell ourselves and the negative self-talk we bombard ourselves with throughout our life. We can see how some of these lies were perpetuated by parents, by peers, by the media, and by society. By exploring these lies, we can hopefully begin to see the truth: to see our…… [Read More]
detecting deception and analyzing truthfulness. In a world where most average people find it quite difficult to distinguish truths from lies, law enforcement officials must train themselves to better detect the psychological and physical clues associated with lying. This ultimately means using combined strategies to find red flags and then drill suspects on issues that may signify deception. elying solely on tests may not be as reliable as taking a more holistic approach to detecting deception.
The complex nature of understanding truthfulness and deception has to be broken down into smaller concepts, so that law enforcement officials can effectively use their skills to detect deception. There is no single, fool proof way to catch some one in a lie. In fact, every person has their own different cues and idiosyncrasies they do when they lie. It is the job of law enforcement officials to understand the most common cues and…… [Read More]
In the case of Enron, upper-level executives went too far. By blatantly lying on numerous occasions about the value of their stock, participants like CEO Kenneth Lay overstepped the boundaries of utilitarian lying.
Many studies have been conducted on the relationship between ethics and profitability in the business world. Studies indicate a "positive but not definitive" relationship between ethical behavior and financial success (ebley and More). Especially in the wake of the Enron disaster, investors and employees are looking toward companies with stronger ethical codes. Research has also indicated that companies that overtly refer to their codes of ethics in their annual reports and other public communications fare better than those that don't, in terms of economic added value (EVA), market added value (MVA), and reduced volatility (ebley and More).
Such research does not indicate a causal relationship between ethical behavior and profitability. hat such research indicates is not necessarily…… [Read More]
If he finds writhing around in plants and flowers naked more enjoyable than being with a woman he is weird and he's hiding his true self most of the time in the novel.
In his brief paragraph about omen in Love, Critic R.P. Draper claims that Rupert Birkin and Ursula provide a "creative counterpoint to the destructive relationship" between Ursula's sister Gudrun and Gerald Crich. It may come as a surprise to some readers of this novel that, according to Draper, Birkin plays a role as "prophet of a new conception of 'polarity' between man and woman, which involves both mutual commitment and a balanced independence" (Draper, 1991). Fortunately for his credibility Draper adds that Birkin "also believes in the need for a relationship of 'blood brotherhood" between man and man." This need to have a man on the side while married to a woman, Draper goes on is done…… [Read More]
The Returning of Soldiers from Combat in America
Although Earnest Hemmingway's, "Soldiers Home" (187) was written in 1925, and the war at that time was different, there are several things in the story that still ring true today for servicemen. In "Soldiers Home" (187) Krebs, the main character in the story goes through some changes while he is away fighting in the Marine Corps. Krebs was a young man from Kansas who is in college at the time that he is drafted into the Marine Corps. So he leaves his friends and family to go overseas to fight for his country, as do the young men and women of todays armed forces. As told by the author Krebs fights in some of the toughest battles that were ever fought, "Belau ood, Soissons, Champagne St. Mihiel, and The Argonne Forrest" (187), he feels out of place when…… [Read More]
Both have in their own way gone against the norm. When Babli, embittered by the men in her life, and after losing hope of ever having the man she loves decides to have a baby alone, she breaks her fathers will. For in a traditional Hindu family the girl accepts the match set up by the father, but here, we read how she chooses her mate, loses him and then goes against her own values to have a child. it's the ultimate rebellion from the conventional ways and undermines the very conception of hindu family values as understood by the traditional Indians, and hence creates a conflict of conventional and modern ways and starts the debate of whether second and third generation immigrants will ever completely follow their own cultures as set forth by their parents.
5. The Gold-Legged Frog by Khamsing Srinawk
Passage: "You sure are lucky,' the words…… [Read More]
Shakespeare's Sonnet # 138
Shakespeare's "Sonnet 138"
illiam Shakespeare's "Sonnet 138" provides audiences with the opportunity to get a more complex understanding of the speaker's relationship with the Dark Lady and concerning the insecurities that come to dominate his thinking as a result of him growing older. It seems that this relationship has become platonic and it influenced the speaker to experience an emotional detachment as he concentrates on turning a blind eye to what goes on around him -- he simply prefers to ignore the fact that she lies to him and that she is cheating on him with other men. The sonnet actually puts across a psychological study with regard to ideas like love, adultery, and acceptance of one's position in the world.
The speaker focuses both on himself and his mistress in trying to provide audiences with a thorough account about their affair. Even with the fact…… [Read More]
job of the CEO of a company is to show leadership not just when everything is going smoothly but when there is conflict, when there is uncertainty, and when the organizational situation enters into a situation with complexities that are new and unsettling. This paper references the existing scholarly literature in terms of providing ideas, strategies -- to be used as organizational tools -- that are available to the alert, competent CEO.
"Organizations are increasingly subject to conflicting demands imposed by their institutional environments. This makes compliance impossible to achieve, because satisfying some demands requires defying others… [what is needed is a] more precise model of organizational response that takes into account intraorganizational political processes…"
(Pache Essec, et al., 2010, p. 455).
Conflict Resolution Strategies and Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Samuel O. Salami (University of Ibadan, Nigeria) explains that in order to resolve conflicts, some organizations need counseling by organizational psychologists…… [Read More]