The 3M model is also one that thrives on internal competition between ideas for further funding, the progression to the next stage of the innovation process, and the development of prototypes and finished products. What unifies all of these elements together is the strong focus on innovation that is predicated on team-based assignment and requirements (Allio, 1993). There is also a strong focus on minimizing variation in new products once defined and in production using Six Sigma, a technique for minimize product variations over time (Hindo, 2007).
Bernardi, d. S. (2010). Theory of constraints contributions to outbound logistics. Management Research Review, 33(7), 683-700. Link:
Goodrich, D.F. (2008). The relationship of the theory of constraints implementation to change management integration in professional service organizations. Nova Southeastern University). Link: http://gradworks.umi.com/33/12/3312014.html
Gupta, M.C., & Boyd, L.H. (2008). Theory of constraints: A theory for operations management. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 28(10), 991-1012. Link: http://www.pinnacle-strategies.com/articles/Improving%20Service%20Quality%20with%20ToC%20short.pdf
Hofacker, C.F. (2008). E-tail constraints and tradeoffs. Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, 2(3),...
The theory of constraints thinking process approach to developing strategies in supply chains. (2002). International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 32(9), 809-828. Link: http://ws.econ.usyd.edu.au/itls/wp-archive/ITLS-WP-02-09.pdf
3M Innovation References
Allio, M.K. (1993). 3Ms sophisticated formula for teamwork. Strategy & Leadership, 21(6), Link: http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/31538/1/0000461.pdf
Hindo, B. (2007, Sep 17). 3M: Struggle between efficiency and creativity. Business Week (Online),, 1.
Shapiro, A.R. (2006). Measuring innovation: Beyond revenue from new products. Research Technology Management, 49(6), 42-51. Link: http://www.allbusiness.com/technology/3997709-1.html
Stevens, T. (2004). 3M reinvents its innovation process. Research Technology Management, 47(2), 3-5.
Thomke, S., & Sonnack, M. (1999, Creating breakthroughs at 3M. Harvard Business Review, 77(5), 47-57. Link: http://web.mit.edu/evhippel/www/papers/HBR%2099%20LU%20pub%20version%203M.pdf
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References: Brinlee, D., MRP inventory management, Inventory Management, http://www.askdeb.com/inventory-management/mrp / last accessed on February 7, 2012 Heathfield, S.M., How to change your culture: organizational culture change, About.com, http://humanresources.about.com/od/organizationalculture/a/culture_change.htm last accessed on February 7, 2012 Johnson, R.W., Phased retirement and workplace flexibility for older adults: opportunities and challenges, Focus on Workplace Flexibility, http://workplaceflexibility.org/images/uploads/program_papers/johnson_-_phased_retirement_and_workplace_flexibility.pdf last accessed on February 7, 2012 Reh, F.J., Managing change: managing people's fear, About.com, http://management.about.com/cs/people/a/MngChng092302.htm last accessed on February 7, 2012 2010, ERP