Sigmund Freud's Theories Thesis

Excerpt from Thesis :

The major criticisms of Freud's Theory thought that it was difficult to test and there was too much emphasis on Biology.

Humanistic Theory- was developed by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow and emphasizes the internal experiences such as feelings and thoughts and the individual's feelings of worth. It believes that humans are naturally good and have a positive drive towards their own self-fulfilment. Rogers was most interested in the interaction between mental health, self-concept and self-esteem. Maslow believed that every person has an in-born drive to develop all their talents and capacities and calls this self-actualization. The critics of this theory felt that it is naive to assume that all people are good and think it takes a narrow view of personality.

Social-Cognitive Theory- by Albert Bandura believes that personality comes from the person's history of interaction with
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the environment. He believes that self-efficacy comes from having a strong belief that you can succeed despite past failures. Criticisms for this theory include that it ignores the unconscious and emotional aspects of personality.

Biological Theory- believes that the brain and chemical activity contribute to a person's personality. Genetics studies particularly with twins and adopted children have shown that genetics have a strong influence on personality.

Biopsychosocial Model- combines all these theories and believes that no one theory is stronger than the other.

Personality Assessment- is done by a battery of tests which includes interviews and observations, objective tests such as multiple choice and true and false and projective tests in which the person interprets a drawing or inkblots. All these tests have advantages and disadvantages and so must be used with caution. They can be used in combination for a more accurate assessment of personality.

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"Sigmund Freud's Theories", 13 December 2009, Accessed.26 October. 2020,