Public Institutions The implication for organizational and professional ethics is that they may differ from the ethics of the society as a whole. Otherwise, there would not be any need to elaborate with specific codes. The ethics for the society would be sufficient.
Professional ethics refer to the ethics that surround a particular profession. These are the ethical standards that surround the job, and they will typically encompass a range of job-specific ethics and basic ethical standards in general. Organizational ethics are the set of ethical standards by which the organization operates. Each organization has its own culture, and that culture will have a built-in set of ethics that may be different from those of similar organizations. Social ethics are the ethics of a society.
At their heart, each code of ethics reflects the standards by which the group of people agrees to operate. So a society, a firm and a professional body are three different groups of people, and each can therefore have their own set of ethical standards and guidelines. Ethical guidelines are part of an agreed structure for any group of people. When one belongs to a group, there is an expectation that the person will, more or less, conform to the norms of that group. Ethical standards are very much fluid, and reflective of their times.
Professional ethics and organizational ethics in particular are similar in that they are often explicit, and operationalized for the benefit of group members. Such best practices usually reflect the typical ethical dilemmas faced by people in a given profession or organization, as an attempt to provide specific guidance on these same ...
Social ethics, on the other hand, are the predominant form of ethics in society. There is no one specific set of social ethics, at least not in a heterogeneous society, but there are basic norms that are understood by almost all members of society, and those form the basis of the common ethical code of a given people. These can differ dramatically from one society to the next, based on a variety of factors. These differences, and the unpredictability of social ethics, is in part why professional and organizational ethics are demanded, so that there is no misinterpretation of what constitutes ethical behavior within a given professional or organizational context.
Ethical standards can be useful in solving real-world problems, but their usefulness is probably overstated. The reason for the latter statement is because genuine ethical dilemmas are not actually that frequent -- where one must choose between two "right" courses of action that will result in suffering to some party. Normally, ethical dilemmas are misinterpreted as the choice between doing the wrong thing and the right thing; restated choosing something that benefits you or benefits society. This reflects public choice theory, but does not reflect a genuine ethical dilemma because in most professional or political instances one is supposed to act in the interests of society or organization, not oneself.
Where there is a genuine ethical dilemma, an effective code of conduct can provide guidance. While the social ethics are supposed to be understood by all members of society, professional and organizational ethics are a unique subset thereof, and any person should have written guidance as to what their ethical responsibilies and obligations are. Preferably, those professional and organizational ethical codes are operationalized to the extent that the individual can apply the ethical standard to assist in the…
The implication for organizational and professional ethics is that they may differ from the ethics of the society as a whole. Otherwise, there would not be any need to elaborate with specific codes. The ethics for the society would be sufficient.
Public administrators now play an increasingly prominent role in policy decision-making. This is to the point where their names and likenesses become inadvertently attached by the media to a policy and its implications. A current case in point would be Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and the role he plays in shaping America's policy towards Iraq. Due to the media's focus on his opinions regarding that policy, the general public has
Decision Making Strategies Within any organization or process, there is the cognitive and purposeful role of decision making that is the result of taking in stimuli, choosing from alternatives, and making a final choice of an action, in action, or choice of action. This is true in the small business world, multinational corporations, individual life, and even with governments. It impacts Foreign Policy, trade, economics, and most certainly the idea of
Decision Making, Impulse Control, And Cognitive Development Cognitive development entails the development in children with respect to processing of information, conceptual resources, skills in perception, learning the language and development of the brain. Piaget and Vygotsky advance theories explain cognitive development in children. These theories are similar in some aspects, yet they still differ about issues (Nakagaki, 2011). Piaget gives four stages to explain cognitive development whereby he advances that each
Decision Making Barnes and Noble Inc. is one of the most successful bookstores in the world. The company operates throughout the United States and boasts roomy inviting stores. In addition to books, the company also sells DVDs and music. The company operates both brick and mortar stores and it is also the largest internet bookstore. Furthermore, Barnes & Noble, Inc. is a Fortune 500 company and the largest bookseller in the
Decision Making Ethics is a philosophical term derived from the Greek word "ethos," meaning character or custom (Sims, 1994, p. 16). Ethics, therefore, is not just an ethereal concept belonging to the domain of philosophers and theologists, but a universal phenomenon that pervades the very functioning of individuals and society. Indeed, ethics can be said to be the guiding set of principles, based on which individual character, social and organizational custom
Decision Making Model Decision making is an important everyday activity which can have far-reaching implications on personal and business matters. People face challenging situations often that require them to make decisions. These decisions usually follow a pattern that has something to do with an individual's personal values and beliefs. Ethical decision making model is one of the most commonly used models today because it takes into account the interests of others.