¶ … Justice Systems For example, if a person says they are not racist against black people but they really are, the professed value is that they are not racist but the underlying value is that they are racist. These two will not conflict for many to most people, depending on the value in question. However, they might be the same and they might not be (Dammer, Fairchild & Albanese, 2006).
The author of this report has been asked to answer several questions relating to comparative justice systems. Topics that will be discussed will include the concept of professed values vs. underlying values and the conflicts that can exist between the two, the primary sources of international crime statistics along with the strengths and weaknesses of the same, whether we can compare crime rates across nations, the dangers inherent to using international crime statistics, how the users of such data can increase the reliability of inferences/comparisons and the six characteristics of Socialist Law and how they differ from Civil Law.
While professed values and underlying values will commonly intersect, it boils down to where the person professing the values practices what they preach. Indeed, professed values are those that are asserted and proclaimed by the person that is asserting that they possess the values they mentioned. On the other hand, underlying values are those that are actually present within the behavior, psyche and ...
A primary source of crime statistics found for this report was the United Nations. Specifically, the author found the website for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC, 2015). The Bureau of Justice also has data about the subject (BJS, 2015). They are both strong in that they have a lot of data and they have data about a lot of different countries. They talk about a lot of different crimes, the rates of those crimes, the common committers of those crimes and so forth. One gaping weakness of both sites is that they rely on data from other agencies and groups and there is obviously a question about whether the data and the agencies reporting the data are truly reliable or not. As such, an accurate comparison of crime across nations, for that reason alone, can be difficult to impossible. Also, the cultural and social reasons for crime vary a lot from country to country so that muddies…
For example, if a person says they are not racist against black people but they really are, the professed value is that they are not racist but the underlying value is that they are racist. These two will not conflict for many to most people, depending on the value in question. However, they might be the same and they might not be (Dammer, Fairchild & Albanese, 2006).
During this Diaspora, the African Slave Trade transferred 9-12 million people from one continent to another with major repercussions on cultural and political traditions in the New World. There have been a number of modern Diasporas based on the post-Cold War world in which huge populations of refugees migrated from conflict, especially from developing countries (Southeast Asia, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Latin America, South American, Rwanda, etc.). Part 1.2.1 - Civil
John Locke's social theory not only permits disobedience but also a revolution if the State violates its side of the contract. Martin Luther King, Jr. says that civil disobedience derives from the natural law tradition in that an unjust law is not a law but a perversion of it. He, therefore, sees consenting to obey laws as not extending or including unjust laws. At present, a new and different form
The milestone that the Civil Rights Movement made as concerns the property ownership is encapsulated in the Civil Rights Act of 1968 which is also more commonly referred to as the Fair Housing Act, or as CRA '68. This was as a follow-up or reaffirmation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, discussed above. It is apparent that the Civil Rights Act of 1866 outlawed discrimination in property and housing there
There is much to the assertion by Nachman Syrkin that the Jews have persisted in history because the performed a socio-economic function that other peoples did not want to do or could not do. In his 1898 "The Jewish Problem and the Socialist Jewish State, " Syrkin lays out these ideas. Regarding this, Syrkin argued that a classless society and national sovereignty were the only means of solving the Jewish
Soviet Law The legal system of Russia may be viewed through the prism of communism and Marxism, but that is not all that needs to be considered when discussing Soviet than Russian legal ideology and court systems (Bartlett, 2008). In reviewing the development in how western scholars think about the impact on Russian law from Soviet legal practices, Bartlett points out that law is more than just statutes it is also
Neo-Liberalistic Legal Concepts on Nations With Distinct Legal Tradition (Common, Civil, Socialist) This review of the related literature focuses on broad definitions of the law as historically legislated and then as practiced in three countries: Malaysia, Indonesia and China. Common law, civil law and socialist law will be defined separately and then as they each apply to the country which has used that system as its focus for legal practice.