North Korea Essays (Examples)

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Koreas North and South Korea

Words: 387 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61003582

Furthermore, an outright war could embroil the United States in a conflict far bigger than Iraq or Afghanistan, causing serious detriment to life, liberty and economic stability (Farrell, 2006).

At this point, North Korea is still engaged in a process of saber-rattling. Their ability to impact markets and security is limited, but should the North Korean government make a bolder move, or force the West into a response, the situation on the Korean peninsula could destabilize the entire world.… [Read More]

Works Cited:

CIA World Factbook: North Korea. (2009). Retrieved April 20, 2009 from 

Heliker, Stephanie. (2009).

North Korea Missile Crisis Escalates. SDSU Universe. Retrieved April 20, 2009 from

Moon, Sung Hwee. (2009) Side Effects of Tension Raised by North Korea Regime. Daily NK. Retrieved April 20, 2009 from
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Korea's Place in the Sun

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40740187

After dividing into the two nations, the Korea's still had problems with what their arrangement turned out to be. South and North Korea both wanted land that turned out to be in each other possession, something that they did not want. Because of this fight over land, politics, and rights, a civil war broke out. South Korea received most of the blame for this war within one country. South Korea was said to provoke the North and were actually the ones who not only started most battles, but also was the side that sent the most troops in to invade North Korea. This strong overwhelming insurgence from both sides made this civil war one that would damage land and its people far beyond repair.

This was a very sad occurrence as it was a war between a nation that had high hopes of being freed from an overbearing power, such as Japan. After so many decades under Japanese rule, Korea was finally free to establish itself as its own independent nation, but instead had so many political, governmental, and outside forces influencing their every decision, that it instead caused a turmoil that is still present till this day. When Korea…… [Read More]

When Korea received its freedom and independence from Japan, it was practically taken advantage of. All other nations involved, such as the United States, Russia, Great Britain, etc., wanted to instinctively take part in revitalizing Korea with other intentions in mind. Both parties, both countries involved created unnecessary turmoil in a land that was already in search of its own identity. Instead of helping out, in the end, they ended up causing damage that to this day, still lives on. Everything was decided for a nation, without consulting the nation that would be directly affected by everything. It was this inconsiderate way of thinking that would eventually prevent Korea from every really being just one country.

In Chapter 5 of Bruce Cumming's Korea's Place in the Sun (1997), life for Korea after the division of it into two states, North and South Korea, is discussed with more detail. After dividing into the two nations, the Korea's still had problems with what their arrangement turned out to be. South and North Korea both wanted land that turned out to be in each other possession, something that they did not want. Because of this fight over land, politics, and rights, a civil war broke out. South Korea received most of the blame for this war within one country. South Korea was said to provoke the North and were actually the ones who not only started most battles, but also was the side that sent the most troops in to invade North Korea. This strong overwhelming insurgence from both sides made this civil war one that would damage land and its people far beyond repair.

This was a very sad occurrence as it was a war between a nation that had high hopes of being freed from an overbearing power, such as Japan. After so many decades under Japanese rule, Korea was finally free to establish itself as its own independent nation, but instead had so many political, governmental, and outside forces influencing their every decision, that it instead caused a turmoil that is still present till this day. When Korea was finally no longer under Japan's colonization, it instead turned one people against another and at the cost of so many lives. What is even more astonishing about all this, the disagreements, the civil war, is that even after all that fighting, and all the deaths, everything is still the same. Nothing was won, but so much was lost. Had it not been for so many outside influences, influences that did not fully comprehend their already established culture, and their way of living, things could have turned out differently. If maybe from the beginning Korea itself could have determined where divisions were to be set, or if even divisions were necessary, this civil war could have been avoided, or if not avoided, it's damage on families, land, and culture could have been far less than it actually turned out to be.
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North and South Korea the War Between

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36439046

North and South Korea

The war between North and South Korea is now a few decades old. Ever since the two countries split in the 1950's, the world has been trying to find a way to reunite both the land and its citizens, some of whom have not seen their family for many decades. No other country in the world exists in the same complete (literal) darkness as North Korea. Sheltered from the world, the country and its citizens are living stuck in time, without modern technology and conveniences. However, North Korea does show its prowess once in awhile to discourage other from encroaching upon its authoritarian territory. This short analysis will focus on the situation between the two countries, complete with an analysis of their respective populations. [1: McDonald, M. (2010). "Crisis Status' in South Korea After North Shells Island." New York Times. Retrieved April 19, 2011, from . ]

North and South Korea were once one country. In the 1950's as aforementioned, the South allied with the United State and the North became community, thus successfully splitting. Since that time, the North's philosophy has been one of "self-sufficient industrialization." The government in the North, headed by Kim Jong-Il,…… [Read More]

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History of Korea

Words: 2125 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89233086

North/South Korea + Korean-Americans

The Two Koreas:

South Korea is known today as one of the rising economic giants of the industrialized world. The nation is a respected U.S. ally, and a center for fashion and technology, not to mention other industries. While South Korea's "star" is on a constant rise, its neighbor, North Korea, continues to live in a tightly closed society, with restrictive and degrading practices, whereby its citizens are almost like robots, not allowed to think for themselves, to eat properly, or to explore their world. The different between the two countries is stark, and in order to even begin to understand South Korea's ability to progress so much, one must analyze its history. However, for the purposes of this paper, three main questions will be analyzed in order to begin to understand the two countries in an initial phase:

South Korea's path of democratization in the 1980s and 1990s will be described,

North Korea's policies in the 1990s will also be described, and,

3. Lastly, the paper will describe the Korean diaspora with a focus on America.

South Korea Democratization in the 1990s

Korea was "supposed to be" a mix of "cheap and disciplined labor, talented…… [Read More]

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U S Foreign Policy Towards North

Words: 2229 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45131135

(Efimova, 2007, paraphrased)


North Korea underwent internal changes as well as changes due to external factors that placed North Korea in a defensive stance in its focus on strategically avoiding threats and in rebuilding its own self-reliance economically. For North Korea since the Berlin Wall fell the use of conventional weapons by North Korea in defending itself from external foes has not been a feasible proposition, therefore, it is apparent that North Korea acquired nuclear capabilities because of the value of these capabilities as use as a method for ensuring adequate self-defense in what the regime in North Korea views as a highly unstable security environment and one in which North Korea is quite terrified that will result in the United States becoming aggressive from a military standpoint.

It really can not be held as true that the reason for the development of nuclear capability in North Korea was one that was driven simply on the bases of the country's elite and their own personal interests but instead has arisen as a problem because of the North Koreans lack of any real leverage politically, economically and in the way of resources. The present regime in North Korea…… [Read More]


Lin, Liu (2006) The North Korean Nuclear Test and Its Implications. Central-Asia -- Caucasus Institute Silk Road Studies Program. Online available at:

Yongho, Kim and Yi, Yurim (2005) Security Dilemmas and Signaling During the North Korean Nuclear Standoff. Asian Perspective. Vol. 29, No.3, 2005, pp. 73-97. Online available at:

Xizhen, Zhang and Brown, Eugene (2000) Policies Toward North Korea: A Time for New Thinking. Journal of Contemporary China. Vol. 9, Issue 25, November 2000. pp.535-545.

Sujian, Guo and Stradiotto, Gary A. (2007) The Nature and Direction of Economic Reform in North Korea. Political Studies, Vol.55, No. 4 December 2007. pp. 754-778(25) Blackwell Publishing.
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Nonkilling Korea Edited by Glenn D Paige

Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64145864

Nonkilling Korea

Edited by Glenn D. Paige and Chung-Si Ahn, Nonkilling Korea is a collection of scholarly essays and material delivered at the Asia Center/Seoul National University and the Center for Global Nonkilling in Seoul during August 18-19, 2010. The material is written primarily about Korean values and culture, with the purpose of creating a shift in the discourse used to discuss modern Korean history. Whereas most Korean historiography focuses on war, and the political and militaristic aspects of 20th century conflicts surrounding Korea, the authors that contribute to Nonkilling Korea try to reframe history to include spiritual values and ethics. The book does not limit itself to a discussion of Korean history or culture per se, either. The editors cull material from sources that address other nations and cultures in relation to both South and North Korea, including the United States, China, Japan, and Russia. Nonkilling Korea includes an Introduction by Glenn D. Paige, and a Conclusion by both editors, Paige and Ahn. Individual essays that follow include, "Spiritual and Practical Assets of Korean Nonviolence" by Jang-seok Kang; "Nonkilling in North Korean Culture" by Glenn D. Paige; "From Nonkilling to Beloved Community" by Michael N. Nagler and Stephanie N.…… [Read More]

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Anti-Americanism in Korea the Diverging

Words: 2190 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39919925

Moreover, while the U.S. did not seem to be particularly affected with the fact that North Korea was in possession of nuclear weapons, it was reluctant to support South Korea in developing a nuclear weapon program, in point of fact emphasizing that this would come in disagreement with the country's international obligations (Shorrock 18).

Tensions grew significantly in the last few years, given that the U.S. is still reluctant to accept North Korea's actions, in spite of the fact that South Korea becomes more and more exposed with the passing of time. Strong anti-American feelings developed in South Korea as a result of the fact that Americans expressed little interest in consolidating its security and because the overall state of affairs pointed toward a significant crisis experienced by their country (Shorrock 18).

Roh Moo-hyun, the sixteenth South Korean president was much more determined in expressing an anti-American behavior than his precursor. He was part of a generation accustomed to developing a nationalist identity and that would be against most American interventions in the country. He virtually continued what the people before him tried to do-achieve a level of collaboration with North Korea.

Roh Moo-hyun's presidency was marked by a series…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Katzenstein, Peter J. And Keohane, Robert O. "Anti-Americanisms," Policy Review

Kim, Mikyoung "Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Impact of AntiAmericanism on Locally Employed Staff at the American Embassy in Korea," Public Personnel Management 34.3 (2005)

Larson, Eric V. Levin, Norman D. Baik, Seonhae and Savych, Bogdan. Ambivalent Allies? A Study of South Korean Attitudes toward the U.S. (Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 2004)

Olsen, Edward a. Toward Normalizing U.S. -- Korea Relations: In Due Course? (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2002)
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Changing Political Situation in North

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92613649

Although the saber-rattling is currently at normal levels, there have been some highly disruptive events in recent years that have kept tensions high. For example, despite their vehement and repeated denials, most international observers agree and the results of international inspections indicate that in March 2010, North Korea fired on and sank the South Korean warship, Cheonan, with a corresponding loss of South Korean lives.

Just a few months later, North Korea fired artillery shells on nearby Yeonpyeong Island in November 2010, and in August 2011, North Korean officials seized assets at Mount Kumgang, a jointly operated tourist site with South Korea.

Despite continuing efforts by the international community to resolve this longstanding political and military stalemate, there have been some changes in the composition of the top political leadership in South Korea that may adversely affect these negotiations. In fact, South Korean President Lee Myung-bak and his inner circle of advisors are routinely referred to as "criminals" by Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), the official news agency of North Korea (pers. obs.). The historical pattern of on-again-off-again negotiations between North Korea and the six-nation council

make it clear that efforts to negotiate a mutually acceptable resolution of the North…… [Read More]

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Japan Korea and China Different or Similar

Words: 1187 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95118879

Asian Studies

Countries are very much representative of human nature. If you were to examine a microcosm of a nation at its basic level, it would be a local community or neighborhood. The people who live in the same community usually tend to share similar economic levels and cultural attitudes. Neighbors also influence the behaviors of each other. For example, affluent neighborhoods tend to have good school systems, active kids (as in after school programs), and involved parents. To a certain degree, these things are expected. This notion is applicable to the nations of China, Korea, and Japan. This paper will examine similarities and differences between these counties in a historical context. China and Japan were traditional societies that responded differently to the external stimuli of foreign relations. Korea is also similar in this regard but their foreign invaders were Japanese not Western imperialists. All three nations also suffered under oppressive regimes after the collapse of their traditional hierarchies. Finally, this paper will examine the different levels of discrimination faced by East Asians in the United States.

Korea and Japan share a lot of modern history due to the prolonged Japanese occupation of Korea from 1910-1945. During this occupation, the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Cumings, Bruce. "We look at it and see ourselves." London Review of Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. < >.

Hedges, Frank. "Japan is Speeding Korean Education." New York Times [New York City ] 6 Aug. 1939: 12. Print.

Takaki, Ronald T.. Strangers from a different shore: a history of Asian-Americans. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989. Print.

Thomson, James Claude, Peter W. Stanley, and John Curtis Perry.Sentimental imperialists: the American experience in East Asia. New York: Harper & Row, 1981. Print.
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How and Why Did the Allied Occupations of Japan and Korea Differ

Words: 2300 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7540160

Japan and Korea Occupation

How and why did the Allied occupations of Japan and Korea differ?

Allied occupations of Japan and Korea date backs to year 1945 when World War II got ended. Both the occupations occurred as a consequence of victory of allies over the axis. The allied powers included the United States of America, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, France, and China whereas axis included Germany, Empire of Japan, and Italy (Schaller 1985, 1-11). The causes and effects of both these occupations were dependent on occupation of Japan by the allied forces. This paper will investigate and analyze that how and why did the allied occupations of Japan and Korea differ? After stating a brief hypothesis of this study, the paper will briefly inform the reader about the background that led to both these occupations. This will set the stage for understanding that how and why did both of these allied occupations differ from each other.


The occupation of Japan and Korea by allied forces differed in the context that Japan as a unified country was kept intact whereas Korea got disintegrated into North and South Korea. Japan paid the price of war and subsequent occupation by being…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dower, John W. Embracing defeat: Japan in the wake of World War II. WW Norton & Company, 2000.

Molasky, Michael S. The American occupation of Japan and Okinawa: Literature and memory. Routledge, 2001.

Oberdorfer, Don. The Two Koreas: A Contemporary History. Addison-Wesley, 1997.

Schaller, Michael. The American occupation of Japan: the origins of the Cold War in Asia. Oxford University Press, 1985.
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Why Did the United States Went to War in Korea

Words: 2312 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57878412

Korean War, just like most other wars in history did not occur in a vacuum. It started because of the North Korean attack on the South Koreans with the belief that they would be able to win the war and communize the whole Korean peninsula (Chang, 2010). The confidence of North Koreans in their ability to win the fight against the South was not based on hope, but on the intense confidence that it will be an easy victory for the North Korean forces in the war (Chang, 2010). As a matter of fact, the North Korean forces were far more superior to the forces of the South in every category of the fighting abilities and capabilities (Chang, 2010). They were well armed with very heavy weapons and equipment the Soviet Union supplied, adequately trained by the cautious guidance of Soviet military education and training personnel, vastly reinforced with the Korean forces and fight leadership, well-matured in the Chinese Civil War (1927-1949) era, and armed with a harmonized fighting plan created by the Soviet military war planners and advisers (Chang, 2010). After judging from the facts, both North Korea and its sponsors, the Communist China and the Soviet Union, predicted…… [Read More]


Boose, Donald W. (1995). Portentous Sideshow: The Korean Occupation Decision. Volume 5, Number 4. Winter 1995-96. Parameters. U.S. Army War College Quarterly. pp. 112-29. OCLC 227845188.

Creative Commons Attribution. (n.d.). Korean War. Retrieved from:

Devine, Robert A.; Breen, T. H.; Frederickson, George M.; liams, R. Hal; Gross, Adriela J.; Brands, H.W. (2007). America Past and Present 8th Ed. Volume II: Since 1865. Pearson Longman. pp. 819-21. ISBN 0-321-44661-5.

Doug Bandow. (2010). The Role and Responsibilities of the United States in the Korean War: Critical Foreign Policy Decisions by the Truman and Eisenhower Administrations. International Journal of Korean Studies. Vol. XIV, No. 2.
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Korean Residents in Japan North

Words: 2395 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82967364

But in the 30s, most waves of Korean migrants came in because of the policy of forced conscription. Japan's economy rapidly improved at the time and there was a huge demand for labor. This and industrialization led to the creation of a Japanese national mobilization plan. This plan, in turn, led to the conscription of roughly 600,000 Koreans. Japan's military forces continued to expand and the government had to regular the increase in the Korean population. They were required to carry an identification card. In 1942, the government promised them equal citizenship if they extended their work contracts. They became eligible to vote, run for public office and serve in election committees. Conscription was implemented in the same year. Despite official political equality, Korean inferiority remained prevalent. Yet they were expected to observe and practice Japanese culture as a condition to political equality (Minorities at Risk).

With the defeat of Japan during the Second World War, the U.S. administration in Japan had wanted to treat the Koreans as Japanese nationals (Minorities at Risk 2003). In 1946, American official policy stated that those who refused repatriation had to come under the jurisdiction of Japanese law. They again lost their right to…… [Read More]


Alvin, Koh Zhongwei. Koreans in Japan. National University of Singapore: NUS

History Society E-Journal, 2003.

Kichan Song. The Appearance of "Young Koreans in Japan" and the Emergence of a New Type of Ethnic Education. Vol 9 237-253. Kyodo University: Kyodo Journal of Sociology, 2001

Kyodo. Jong Raps Japan for Historical Crime Against Koreans. Asian Political News.
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Religious Culture in Korea the

Words: 1448 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47460237

Confucianism promotes the "ideal of the scholar, who cultivates virtue in oneself and shares it through service in government, teaching, and daily life," Canda explains on page 1. The pure idea of Confucianism is to benefit all the citizens and those benefits have a ripple effect starting with the individual, through the family, and out to the Korean society and then the world (Canda, p. 1).

Confucianism has had an influence on many spiritual and physical Asian-based traditions; for example, Confucianism had a big influence on the development of martial arts, acupuncture, and meditation, according to Canda.

Shamanism: There are about 300 shamanistic temples within an hour of the capital of Seoul, according to an article in the New York Times (Sang-Hun, 2007, p. 1). The article points out that shamanism is presently enjoying a renaissance after "centuries of ridicule and persecution"; indeed, shamans were "demonized by Christian missionaries and driven underground during the Japanese occupation" Sang-Hun, p. 2). Moreover, there are now more than 300,000 shamans in South Korea, Sang-Hun asserts. Korean shamanism is rooted in "ancient indigenous beliefs" that many folk religions still hold true to; members of this faith believe that the air is "thick with spirits,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Beaver, R. Pierce. "Chondogyo and Korea." Journal of the American Academy of Religion.

XXX.2, 115-122.

Buddhism Today. Buddhism in Korea. Retrieved Dec. 6, 2010, from . (1997).

Buswell, Robert E., and Lee, Timothy S. Christianity in Korea. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press, 2007.
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Coldest War A Memoir of Korea a

Words: 1330 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83562019

Coldest War: A Memoir of Korea, a novel written by James Brady. This paper clearly outlines the summary of the book and highlights some of the events written by the author in his book. This paper explains Brady's purpose behind writing his masterpiece and clearly defines its theme. Critical analysis of the novel and information about the author are also included.

The Coldest War: A Memoir Of Korea

The Coldest War: A Memoir of Korea written by James Brady gives a first person's account of the second Korean war. In the book the author compares the tactical approach of the army vs. marine rifle companies. Serving as a young marine lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps for a year, Brady tells the story by illustrating to his audience the deplorable conditions of the soldiers and the critical experience they underwent, through his analysis and encountering. The author talks about the everyday events that went on while living in Korea during the war and thus presents to his audience an interesting guide on leadership.

The book tells a story about a young marine officer from his days as a boxer at Notre Dame to a Lieutenant fighting in the Korean…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dennis D. The Forgotten War Is Remembered. Newsday. 16 Jun. 2000.

Smith H. Tales Making Courage, Hardships In Korean War. The Washington Times.11

Jun. 2000.

James B. The Coldest War: A Memoir of Korea. Thomas Dunne Books-St. Martin's
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Nature of Inequality Between the North and

Words: 3958 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83026105

nature of inequality between the north and south, he has to understand the role of technology in the international system. Someone who would say such a thing overlooks the fact that it's not the amount of technology that counts, but how you use it that matters. In the wealthiest western nations, the use of technology has been actively directed by well-regulated capital lending mechanisms. These financial instruments allow inventors, laborers, and merchants to borrow money at interest that can later be repaid within the context of a legal environment that protects property and contracts.

According to Weatherby, the tragedy of the third world has four culprits: dependence on the west, delayed modernization, increasing population, and the unequal distribution of wealth. He argues that even if all third world countries don't possess these qualities; that each possesses two or three of them. If the lack of modernization is to serve as an example, these problems can be seen as symptomatic of third world poverty rather than as causes for it, although I would argue that the people in developing countries are dependent on the west. Most such people never see the west's foreign aid dollars; they are spent instead on wasteful…… [Read More]


Angloplat Goes the Extra Mile to Pioneer Black Empowerment. Sunday Times; November 10th 2002.

Immanuel Wallerstein, The Eagle Has Crash Landed. Foreign Policy, July, 2002.

Between Here and There. The Economist, July 5, 2001.

Does Population Matter? The Economist, December 5, 2002.
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China Korea

Words: 4186 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19755911


American Cultural Products have an Impact on Other Cultures

About the American Culture

How the American Culture Affects Products Globally

Influences of Culture on One Another

American Culture in China

American Culture in Korea

Major American Cultural Values

Globalization has created a completely new way of life for billions of people. It has provided people with new technologies and alternative ways of consuming everything, from products to music and films to literature and even language. In other words, globalization has impacted entire cultures in various countries (Friedman, 2005). The trend has been aided by the creation of the ability to purchase life changing goods for consumers; providing many varieties of consumable items at reasonably low prices on an international market has spread different cultures.

Understanding the impact of globalization on the regional and national cultures requires the understanding of the process and the meaning of globalization. While the term globalization originates from the global exchange of business and trade, the resultant effect of globalization can now be seen in almost every aspect of people's everyday lives (Stiglitz, 2006). The process that is created and aided by trade, immigration, and the exchange of information and ideas that affect and influence…… [Read More]


Bhagwati, J. (2004). In defense of globalization. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cismas, S. (2015). The impact of American culture on other cultures: Language and cultural identity. Retrieved 26 March 2015, from

Friedman, T. (2005). The world is flat. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Haugen, D. (2009). American values. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.
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Korean Modern History

Words: 884 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58540427


What is the situation of Korea at the end of 19th century, in terms of international relations and domestic responses?

Before 1910, Korea was a part of an Asian empire known as the Joseon. In the 1800s, religious persecution laid the way for a rebellion by the people which would alter the course of the history of the country. The idea of a unified religious sect was to further strengthen the nation. Instead people were resentful that the government was trying to influence such a personal aspect of an individual's life. A "peasant" religion known as Donghak was making its way into what would become Korea. The teachings of this religion discontented the lower classes from their stations and there was a rebellion in 1864. This all coincided with the attempts of the western world to gain access to Korea, something the government strictly refused.

In this period the Korean government signed several treaties with western nations, such as France and the United States. In 1866, some French priests had been killed in Korea for trying to instill Christianity. In response, France sent gunboats and the problems looked doomed to escalate. Signing treaties did some good, until Japan decided…… [Read More]

During the war years, Japan would enlist Korean soldiers to fight, often through coercion or sometimes by force. As a colony population, the Koreans had far less power within the nation state and thus they were considered less important than their Japanese counterparts. This lack of fairness was battle against through several attempted revolutions. One of the most famous of these was the March 1st Movement. In 1919, in response to the oppressive regime of Japanese rule as well as the seeming incongruity of the League of Nations, a faction in Korea established a movement designed to completely alter the country and allow the common population to have sovereignty.

3. Describe the situation on the Korean peninsula from 1945 to 1950 when the Korean War breaks out.

Following World War II, Korea was finally given sovereignty and a chance to create a government more or less for and by the population. However, tensions were high from the outset. Many people within the country wanted to create a governmental format completely different from what they had experienced under Japanese rule. Influenced by the large country of China, a group within Korea believed that the best form of government for the newly freed country should be Communism. Another group however wanted a form of democracy similar to those they had witnessed from their interactions with western nations like the United States, England, and France. With neither side willing to compromise, it was only a matter of time before a schism would break the nation in two. That is exactly what happened in 1950 when the country of Korea was divided into two: North Korea which was controlled by a Communist government, and South Korea which was more democratic than its northern counterpart. This was not a suitable resolution to the distress of the warring nation and what happened was a bloody police action involving many countries of the world who each had their own individual reasons for helping. Communist countries such as China provided support for North Korea in the form of weapons and other supplies. Much of the free world, such as the United States, England, and France gave equal support to South Korea, hoping that by providing this aid the west would be able to prevent and retard the spread of Communism.
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South Korea's GDP Was Estimated

Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63194472


Korea has been critical of U.S. procedures in tracking tainted products. The as-yet unratified FTA treaty includes a phasing out of South Korean tariffs on all beef products, including bone-in beef, over a 15-year period. However, recent news, exposing the risks of contracting e. coli from U.S. beef may compromise support for the treaty in Korea, while support in America for the FTA is on the wane given concerns about the treaty's other provisions regarding automobiles.


I. Introduction: Protectionism in U.S.-Korean beef trade

II. To what degree is the beef ban due to politics and protectionism?

III. To what degree is the ban due to issues of safety and sanitation?

A. Mad cow

B. e. coli

IV. Conclusion: different cultural attitudes in South Korea and North America

A. Towards trade

B. Towards agriculture… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cooper, William H. & Mark E. Manyin (2007, July 18). The proposed South Korea-U.S. Free

Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA). CRS Report to Congress. Last revised July 18, 2009.

Retrieved on October 9, 2009.
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Japan and Korea's Political Economy Background

Words: 924 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22106023

Political Economy Background: Japan and Korea

In the period after the World War II, a large part of the world was restructured, especially the Pacific Asia (Borthwick, 1992). One of the most dramatic changes that took place in Asia was that several countries that had been colonized or semi-colonized emerged in the years following the War as independent, self-governing states, freed from colonial rule. In Southeast Asia, for example, between 1949 and 1959, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and Malaysia attained independence. Singapore gained the right to self-governance in 1949. However in this region, two countries managed not only self-governance but also diplomatic international relations. These two countries were Korea and Japan.

Though Japan had not only been physically destroyed by its enemies, but mentally and spiritually defeated by its surrender in the wake of the War, it managed to overcome this sense of defeat and started to build its way up. In the initial years after the war that is from 145 to 1952, it was subjected to the humiliating conditions of Occupation by the Allied Forces. For the first three years of Occupation, General MacArthur, as highest commander of the Occupation Forces had shut down all state financial institutions…… [Read More]


Borthwick, Mark. Pacific Century. The emergence of Modern Pacific Asia (Boulder, Westview Press, 1992).

Murphey, Rhoads. A History of Asia, 3rd edn.(New York, Longman, 2000).

Tarling, Nicholas. Nations and States in Southeast Asia (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998).
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Economic Bureaucrats of Japan and Korea

Words: 431 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22502455

Proponents of the capitalist developmental state argue, it was the bureaucratic interests that were the key to the successful industrialization of Japan and Korea in the postwar period. In particular, it was the bureaucrat's complete autonomy from self-serving interest groups and politicians that was the main factor that enabled them to define national-level strategies and then to implement them effectively." Those who are not proponents of the system believe it was a combination of other factors. Had it not been for the bureaucratic desire to succeed the motivation for capitalism would not have been put into place.

Following the Meiji era in Japan there were many economic reforms undertaken. Some of those reforms included:

unified system by way of modern currency, banking and investments. The desire and effort to establish a modern institutional framework that would be conducive to capitalist economic values was strong and was led by the bureaucrats of the nation.

Many of the former daimyo, whose pensions had been paid in a lump sum, benefited greatly through investments they made in emerging industries.

Those who had been informally involved in foreign trade before the Meiji Restoration also flourished (Japan Modernization and Industrialization (

Those who do not…… [Read More]


Japan Modernization and Industrialization 

Background to Meiji Modernization

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Endowment Theory Hecksher-Ohlin-Samuelson Account North-South Economic Relationships

Words: 1622 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12868903

Endowment Theory (Hecksher-Ohlin-Samuelson) account North-South economic relationships? Illustrate point(s)

Generally speaking the world is economically divided into two blocks; North and South. North is characterized by stronger, more stable and powerful economies whereas south constitutes the less developed, weaker nations. 1 One of the popular economic arguments is that although North encompasses the major economies of the world which dominate the important institutions but South cannot be overlooked as it consists of the bulk of inhabitants. The world cannot ignore the importance of south due to certain emerging powers of the North like China, Brazil, and India. However, in this radical world where every state is independent and there is absolutely no self-governing power keeping an account of the governments, the hegemonic, influential and powerful countries similar to the United States of America (USA) will not ever leave their central place in the world.

The bargaining power of the countries in the south is increasing vigorously as predicted by some experts. However there are others who propose that the asymmetrical interdependences in today's economic situations will not crop major amendments in North-South bargaining power in the future.

The international theory of trade that has been developed from the writings of…… [Read More]


Helpman, E. (1984). A simple theory of international trade with multinational corporations, The Journal of Political Economy, vol. 92, Issue 3. Pp. 451 -- 471, retrieved March 16, 2011 from 

Markusen, J.R. (2000). The theory of endowment, intra-industry and multi-national trade, Journal of international economics, vol. 52, Issue 2, pp. 209-234, retrieved March 16, 2011 from

Markusen, J.R.(1995). The boundaries of multinational enterprises and the theory of international trade, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 9, Issue 2, pp. 169 -- 189, retrieved March 16, 2011 from
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2006 the Democratic People's Republic

Words: 1853 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73286634

It would likely also require the diplomatic alignment of the U.S. with United Nations interests, which has traditionally not been a guarantee. This would combine with the established potential of counter-terrorist cells to strike on U.S. soil to place unprecedented emphasis on securing U.S. borders from entities clearly designated as enemies of the U.S. Such an enemy list that includes a nuclear power such as North Korea could therefore pose grave consequences for the U.S. And for the entire world.

The history of North Korea's nuclear program has frequently been shrouded in secrecy, sheltered from the IAEA and denounced by the United Nations Security Council. With the announcement of the arrival of the nation as a nuclear power, there is little for North Korea to shield from the rest of the world beyond the tenuous nature of its political machine. It remains to be seen if North Korea can maintain the political stability that goes hand-in-hand with legitimate diplomatic relations that would tie it to the other six-party nations. For now, its presence in a global context is much like a metaphorical phenom pitcher who possesses a blazing fastball and little control. Its ability to harness the power it has…… [Read More]

Bibliography Weapons of Mass Destruction: Nuclear Weapons Program. 

McDonald, Mark. "North Korea Suggests Libya Should Have Kept Nuclear Program"

New York Times (New York), March 24, 2011. Retrieved from
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Military Strategy in Korean and Vietnam Wars

Words: 1555 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11150054

Military Strategy in Korean and Vietnam Wars

There have been numerous wars in the history of the United States. Some of the critical wars in the history of the United States include the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Prior to venturing into the Vietnam War, United States had participated in the Korean War. The case of Korean War proves to be a success because of the implementation of accurate and extensive strategies. Ten years after the success in the Korean War, the United States faced a similar situation, but could not recognize the same success as in the case of the previous war. One of the essential factors in the failure in relation to the Vietnam War was lack of appropriate military strategies. This research paper focuses on the illustration of reasons behind the success and failure with reference to Korean and Vietnam Wars respectively.

Military Strategy in Korea War

One of the essential outcomes of the end of the Second World War was the division of Korea into northern and southern sections. The northern part of Korea was composed of the communist while the southern section was under the administration of the Americans. The two entities were divided at the…… [Read More]


Mehta, Harish C. 2012. "Fighting, Negotiating, and Laughing: The Use of Humour in the Vietnam War." Historian 74, no. 4: 743-788.

Schell, Jonathan. 2013. "The Real Vietnam War." Nation 296, no. 5: 20-24.

Hee Kyung, Suh. 2012. "War and Justice: Just Cause of the Korean War." Korea Journal 52,

no. 2: 5-29.
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National Security Implications of Transnational Organized Crime

Words: 3380 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14823082

National Security Implications of Transnational Organized Crime

The paper deals with three important aspects, one the National Security, second the crime -- organized in many ways, and the third rogue nations that pose a threat. National security is to be understood in multiple contexts. Firstly the physical security of the nation from alien threats, and intrusions, secondly damages to vital infrastructure and thirdly anti-national activities by organizations that may lead to an emergency in the country or at an international level causing diplomatic problems. It must be remembered that the Al-Qaeda was also an organized crime syndicate that was funded by the drug trade from Afghanistan. Secondly organized crimes committed by the companies or organizations that commit crime like ENRON also have its own implications on the financial security. Thirdly rogue nations like Iran, China and Korea pose threats both on the security of the nation and it's infrastructure -- especially the communications that is used for spying and stealing data. Other than these communities based on religious ideologies that have a hate of the U.S. often form societies to run terrorist errands in the country. Some of the local organized mafias also have foreign links either to harbor funds…… [Read More]


Ambinder, Marc. "Did America's Cyber Attack on Iran Make Us More Vulnerable? The Atlantic" Accessed April 30, 2013. 

Cordesman, Anthony H. "Negotiating with the Taliban: Six Critical Conditions that Must Be Met to Avoid Another "Peace to End All Peace" Accessed April 30, 2013.

Czerwonka, Michal. "Immigration and Emigration" The New York Times, pp: 4-5.
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Economies of Japan and South

Words: 2689 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54093756

This has helped to protect the economy against sudden shocks from different events.

The government policies that are supporting growth are designed to encourage foreign direct investment in the South Korean economy. What happened was the Asian financial crisis (in 1997), underscored how government officials needed to open their economy up to foreign investors. As a result, the total amounts of money that was coming in began to increase dramatically with these figures currently sitting at $115.6 billion dollars. This is a part of an effort to diversify the economy away from the manufacturing sector. Over the course of time, this has allowed South Korea to build up their infrastructure and improve personal income with this coming in at $30,000.00 per year. This is significant, because in the early 1970's the average South Korean earned $1,200.00 per year. ("South Korea")

The different policies that were enacted have meant that the South Korean government is now running a large budget surplus. This is because the tremendous amounts of growth and economic assistance have helped the country to experiencing a positive balance of trade. Where, the government realized a $35 billion trade surplus last year. Over the course of time, this has…… [Read More]


"Japan." CIA World Fact Book, 2011. Web. 13 Dec. 2011 < >

"South Korea." CIA World Fact Boo, 2011. Web. 13 Dec. 2011

Chung, Young. South Korea in the Fast Lane. London: Oxford University Press, 2007. Print.

Ghosn, Carlos. Shift Inside Nissan. New York: Random House, 2006. Print.
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Critical Thinking for Homeland Security

Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58824150

Critical Thinking for Homeland Security

The objective of the article is to question the credibility of the decision adopting by the Bush's administration on North Korea due to claims that it (North Korea) was constructing a Uranium plant. Based on the universal structures of thought by Elder and Paul, it is apparent that the question at issue in the presented case is the credibility of the decision taken by the U.S. government towards North Korea. The U.S. believed that the North Korean state was in its quest of building a nuclear power plant secretly without the awareness of the U.S. As such, it promoted to U.S. To adopt sanctions against the North Korea such as suspending its deals with the state. The U.S. depended on unreliable information since up-to-date it has not verified the existence of a Uranium plant in North Korea as speculated by the report.

The decision adopted by the U.S. depended on information from various sources. For example, the State Department obtained critical information from its agents that North Korea had acknowledged its secret involvement in a Uranium enrichment program. The CIA provided information that showed that North Korea was constructing a plant that could provide it…… [Read More]


Another Intelligence Twist. (2007, March 2). Washington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2014, from
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International Marketing Country Study

Words: 3531 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38171595

International Marketing -- South Korea Country Study

The primordial question at the basis of this study revolves around the attractiveness of South Korea to American investors. Otherwise put, is this country able to determine the American investor to launch business operations in this global part? In order to answer the posed question, a series of analyses will be conducted. Some of these will refer to the general context, whilst others will detail specific issues.

The country is located in the eastern part of Asia; enjoys a temperate climate and owns less than 20% arable land. South Korea is characterized by a tormented historic past, which explains well the differences emerged between the two regions of the Korean Peninsula. The total population of the country exceeds 48 million, and their life expectancy at birth is of almost 79 years. The interactions with the South Koreans are generally formal and follow protocols, nevertheless based on social communications; traces of gender segregation can still be observed.

From an economic standpoint, South Korea is in all instances superior to the global averages. Despite the fact that the United States of America registers superior values in terms of total and per capita GDP, the East…… [Read More]


Gonzales, J., Sherer, T.E., 2004, The Compete Idiot's Guide to Geography, 2nd Edition, Alpha Books

1992, A Country Study: South Korea, American Memory for the Library of Congress, last accessed on November 25, 2009

2008, South Korea, Industry Canada, last accessed on November 25, 2009

2009, Definition of Current Account Balance, Economics About, last accessed on November 25, 2009
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Coca-Cola Company Coca-Cola Coke Is a U S -based

Words: 1884 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30004761

Coca-Cola Company ("Coca-Cola," "Coke") is a U.S.-based manufacturer and distributor of non-alcoholic beverage. The company recorded revenue of $46.5 billion in FY2011, and earned $8.5 billion in net income. According to the company's website, it sells products in over 200 countries, given the company near-global scope. This also ensures that Coca-Cola has substantial exposure to foreign currencies. This report will discuss a number of international financial aspects to Coca-Cola's business, including foreign currency risk and capital structure.

As Coca-Cola operates in just about every country in the world, there are a very few options for international expansion. The company's Mexican subsidiary is already exporting to Cuba, circumventing Helms-Burton. However, there remains one country where one cannot currently buy a Coca-Cola product, and that is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), or North Korea (Hebblethwaite, 2012). There is increasing wealth in that country, however, as the result of Chinese investment. While the average North Korean cannot afford Coca-Cola, there is a class of party insiders who can. This opportunity can be exploited from Coca-Cola's Chinese subsidiary.

Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

Coca-Cola's sales are divided evenly throughout the world. The largest geographic region is Latin America, at 29%, followed by North…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coca-Cola 2011 Annual Report. Retrieved December 11, 2012 from

Hebblethwaite, C. (2012). Who what why: In which countries is Coca-Cola not sold? BBC News Magazine. Retrieved December 11, 2012 from

MSN Moneycentral. (2012). Coca-Cola Company. Retrieved December 11, 2012 from

Park, J. (2012). North Korea's economic dreams are, well…dreams. Reuters. Retrieved December 11, 2012 from
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Weapons Proliferation

Words: 940 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24911035

Weapons Proliferation, simply defined, is the rapid increase or spread of weapons in the context of global security. If we are to measure the weapons capabilities of the world, the United States retains the lion's share: in 2002 the Economist estimated that American military spending would exceed 379 billion in 2003 (Economist, 6/18/2002.) For comparison's sake, Russia, the world's second largest nuclear power, had a total GDP of merely 346.6 billion in 2002 (Economist, 7/22/2003.) However, the "balance of terror" that underscored the cold war era was in many ways much safer than the current situation. Whereas 'weapons proliferation' once referred to the number of weapons in existence, it has taken on a new meaning; it now is usually meant to reflect the number of political entities capable of using weapons of mass destruction. The number of such countries has increased beyond UN Security Council permanent members to include India, Pakistan, Israel and perhaps most notably North Korea.

Countries such as North Korea are regarded as what are known as 'rogue states:' states that fail to sign or comply with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Chemical Weapons Convention. Israel is also not a signatory to these conventions, an anomaly…… [Read More]

Be Afraid. Economist, September 4th, 2003

Lord Hutton's Eyebrows. Economist, September 4th, 2003

Brecher, Gary. Bezerkers with Red Stars: North Korean Scenarios. The Exile, June 2, 2003.
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Confucianism in East Asian Cultures

Words: 2254 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84372499

Confucianism in East Asian Cultures

Confucianism is often characterized as a system that involves social and ethical philosophy as opposed to being purely a religion in the traditional definition of religion. As a matter of fact Confucianism is based on ancient religious foundations for the establishment of institutions, social values, and transcendent ideas of traditional societies. The paper is a critique of Confucian legacies in East Asian modernities, knowledge as well as pedagogies. Specific examples are drawn from China, Japan and Korea for the purpose of comparative analysis. These three countries in East Asia have all experienced historical repetitions of the disregarding followed by revival of the Confucian legacy at different times during their modernization. However, all of them have kept strong Confucian pedogic culture that frames ways in which knowledge is transmitted and applied for the definition of modernity in East Asia. Confucianism has a very immense continuity even though it has travelled widely and has been rewritten throughout time in history. There have been a lot of East Asian histographies, writings and rewritings of the Confucian legacy within the East Asian modernization since late 19th century (Kim, 2009).

Scholars have attributed lack of development in East Asia to…… [Read More]


American Documentary, Inc.(2014). Last Train Home' in Context. Retrieved February 18, 2014 from

Cartwright, M.(2012). Confucius. . Retrieved February 18, 2014 from

Jeffrey L.R., (2013).Confucius in East Asia: Confucianism's History in China, Korea, Japan, and Viet Nam. Association for Asian Studies.

Kim, T.(2009). Confucianism, Modernities and Knowledge: China, South Korea and Japan.Retrieved February 18, 2014 from
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Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next

Words: 5067 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10464176

Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next Terror: Assessment of How a Significant Terrorist WMD Attack Might Be Conducted by a Non-State Actors Perpetrator and Why They Can't Stage an Attack

Weapons of Mass Destructions (WMD) have considerable effect to the economies of both developed and developing countries. In the modern world, most terror groups have resolved to use Weapons of Mass Destruction to harm their enemies. The entire syndicate comprises state actors and the terror group, which intends to destroy the target country. The state actors have direct links or channels of communication with such attackers, foreign allies, and several residential alliances with almost similar connections to the terror groups. Most of the terror groups lack essential materials that would aid in the making of some of the most dangerous weapons such as nuclear bombs. The various forms of attack involved when using lethal weapons include dispersion, dissemination, and detonation. Apart from the overview of the topic, the paper seeks to examine and evaluate the review of Literature, the methodology, analysis and findings, and a summary of the fundamental arguments as well as conclusive remarks.


1. Introduction

2. Literature Review

3. Methodology

4. Analysis and Findings…… [Read More]


Anthony Cordesman, Terrorism Asymmetric Warfare, and Weapons of Mass Destruction, (New


Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002).

Eric Croddy, James Wirtz, Weapons of Mass Destruction, (London: ABC-CLIO, 2005).
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What Do State Do

Words: 779 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33619065

Max Weber defined state as "a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory whether that legitimacy derives from charisma, tradition, or law" (Hokim 2012). Weber held that domination of people being ruled by a ruler is an unavoidable political fact. His vision for democracy in Germany was a political marketplace where charismatic rulers are elected by winning votes in free competition, whether in struggle or not. He saw localized, public associational life as the breeding ground of charismatic rulers.

Weber suggested that social pluralism should be the sociocultural ground for political education of lay citizens, which requires an organized civil society. He also suggested that the political education should contain ethics in conviction and responsibility. The political ethics also involved value-freedom and value-relativism.

Under Weber's definition, North Korea under Kim Jong-il, after American invasion or Cambogia under the Khmer Rouge does not fit the definition of a state. Kim Jong-il ruled North Korea under a totalitarian rule where no individual freedom is permitted and all aspects of individual life are subordinate to government authority (totalitarism 2013). Totalitarian rule is an absolute and oppressive single party government characterized by a…… [Read More]


"Charisma." New World Encyclopedia. Apr 2, 2008.  (accessed Jan 26, 2013).

Hokim, S. "Max Weber." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. July 31, 2012. / (accessed Jan 25, 2013).

Norman, J. The world's enduring dictatiors: Kim Jong-il, North Korea. June 4, 2011. (accessed Jan 25, 2013).

totalitarism. 2013. (accessed Jan 25, 2013).
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International Finance the Three Companies That Will

Words: 3260 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42390177

International Finance

The three companies that will be evaluated for purchase are LG, Sony and Xiaomi. Some of the report will discuss the individual companies, but a large portion of this report will go into discussing the country situations of these companies. They hail from South Korea, Japan and the People's Republic of China respectively. The differences between these Northeast Asian countries can be significant, and it is these differences that should capture the attention of the executive evaluating the decisions. There are two elements of risk that are the most important in this report -- political risk and financial risk. The former reflects the risk that the value of the investment could change based on changes in the political environment in the target country (Investopedia, 2014). Any evaluation of a major purchase overseas will include political risk as a factor, so when the political risk changes, that should increase the discount rate that was applied to the future cash flows. Thus, when political risk increases, the value of the investment declines; nobody is really worried about a reduction in political risk.

Financial risk comes in a few different forms. One of the most important is foreign exchange rate risk,…… [Read More]


BBC. (2014). China inflation slows to near five-year low. BBC. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from 

Global (2014). BoJ overnight call rate. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from

IDC. (2014). Smartphone vendor market share, Q2 2014. IDC. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from

IMF. (2012). Health of Japan's financial system tied to growth, government debt and deficits. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from
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Themes Across Cultures

Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31969568





Great Britain

North America

Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella story from China (Louie, 1982); (Carr, 2012); (Snuggs, 2007).

Chinye: A West African folk tale (Onyefulu & Safarewicz, 1994); (Nigeriaworld, 2012); (Snuggs, 2007),

The Korean Cinderella (Climo, 1993); (Shapiro, 1993); (Snuggs, 2007).

Tattercoats: An old English tale (Webster Steel, 1976); (Advameg, 2012); (Snuggs, 2007).

The rough-face girl (Martin, 1992); (Native Languages of the Americas, 2011); (Snuggs, 2007).

Names of Cinderellas



Pear Blossom






Great Britain

Algonquin Indian

Time Period

"In the dim past," according to first publication in 850-860 AD

"Long ago," according to the book published in 1994.

"Long ago," according to the 1993 book.

"…there once dwelt"

"Once, long ago" according to the 1992 book.


"Treated roughly and not allowed to go to the springtime festival to choose her marriage partner."

"Chinye must run a dangerous errand through the forest for her mean stepmother and stepsister."

"Pear Blossom, a beautiful girl who is mistreated by her spiteful stepmother and stepsister. In order to prevent Pear Blossom from going to the village festival, they force her to complete three unreasonable tasks to keep her busy."

She is a granddaughter neglected by…… [Read More]

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Pacific Rim the World Bank

Words: 549 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49651618

China has been a strong driver of growth since 1980, and South Korea has contributed. The wealthy city-states of Hong Kong and Singapore may be among the richest countries in the Pacific Rim, but their overall economies remain small compared with the big three. The other nations in Asia that were charted -- Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam all were noted as being minor economies. They may have seen growth in fifty years, but they remain small economies with relatively low GDP per capita rates. As a result, the conclusion that can be drawn from the data is that Japan remains the most sophisticated economy in the Pacific Rim, with South Korea and China making some contributions to the region's economic relevance. The city-states are valuable contributors, albeit with small economies, and other nations remain peripheral to Asia's economic success story.

There has not been any noted dropoff in any of these economies over the study period. Each economy has seen a steady upward trajectory. This holds true even for troubled nations -- China's GDP per capita saw some declines in the 60s and 70s but quickly recovered. Vietnam emerged from the 60s and 70s with no economy and has…… [Read More]


All statistics derive from the World Bank:

Exhibit A: GDP in Constant 2000 USD 1960-2010 for Selected Asian Nations

Exhibit B:

Exhibit C