Sociology -- Sociology of Religion Essay
Excerpt from Essay :
Finally, the rise of science and technology due to industrialization militated against institutionalized religion (Bruce, 2002, p. 18). As people became more educated and reliant on science and technology in their everyday lives and work lives, religious disagreements with science and led people to abandon institutional religions as unscientific and backward. People knew that science and technology worked; therefore, religious arguments against science and technology tended to be rejected. In sum, the religious and secular teachings of the Protestant Reformation caused people to move toward greater secularization for religious, economic, social and intellectual reasons.
The Protestant Reformation significantly contributed to both Capitalism and Secularization in the West. By eliminating or...
...In addition, Protestant religions such as Calvinism taught that a person should plan, work hard, practice discipline and self-denial and pursue earthly wealth, all of which glorified God. Those teachings combined to form a "Protestant Ethic" that led masses of people to morally, religiously capitalistic lives. In addition, Protestantism contributed greatly to secularization in the West, as reliance on religion was lessened and as the demands and benefits of industrialization, stratification, greater education, science and technology all militated against the common person's membership in institutionalized religion.
Bruce, S. (2002). God is dead: Secularization in the west…
Sources Used in Documents:
Bruce, S. (2002). God is dead: Secularization in the west - (Religion and spirituality in the modern world). Malden, MA: Blackstone Publishing, Ltd.
Stepan, a.C. (October 2000). Religion, democracy, and the "twin tolerations." Journal of Democracy, 11(4), 37-57.
Weber, M.A. (2003). The Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, Inc.
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