This comes as a result of the idea that along with the right to limit foreign interference the state also has the duty to ensure the safety and security of its population (Buzan, 1983). In the moment when the security of its people is not ensured, the state can no longer be considered sovereign and in control of the country; thus, international forces must intervene in order to reestablish equilibrium, disregarding the sovereign status of the state.
From this perspective, it is rather hard to say that there is one subject which is in complete control of the internal apparatus. We live in a world which is in a continuous state of interdependence. Francis Fukuyama pointed out this aspect in regard to the reconstruction of failed states. In this sense, he argued that poor states or those who have a weak system of governance cannot achieve a proper system of institutions without the support of international organizations (2004). Indeed, western like countries are not in need of further assistance; yet they are dependent on the resources offered by weak states such as Iraq or Afghanistan. Therefore, international organizations have a duty to intervene in order to allow poor or failed states to gain sovereignty in all its aspects.
Despite the fact that international organizations and non-state actors have come to be important elements of the international system, it appears that power and the need to survive will continue to rate more than the need to cooperate and act in a concerted voice. In this sense, power will remain the focus of further research as the main element of international relations. However, this will not be necessarily manifested in terms of armed conflict, despite the recent events in Georgia in which Russia is widely seen as demonstrating its military might (Womack, Dawar, and Walker, 2008). The most important struggles for power will focus on the economic stage where China, India, and the Asia Pacific region are becoming some of the most relevant actors (Sahni, 2007).
In terms of power, the United Nations can exercise its own from the perspective of the role human rights have come to observation such as the one from Georgia, or analysis such as the one from the Cote d'Ivoire (UN News Center, 2008). Their role is important because it offers human rights and its protection the visibility needed to draw the attention of the world. Although the role of the United Nations is by far smaller than its founders had envisaged, it is rather hard to imagine a world without organisms such as the UN Human Rights Council or the Declaration on Human Rights. Power in the next century an take the form of an increasingly important United Nations.
Overall, it can be concluded that the questions raised by global politics today focus on the role of the state in the ever changing architecture of the world. Still, there are several aspects which are likely to remain the same. In this sense, the use of power will continue to be an area of analysis, yet this power is likely to become economic power rather than military one. Moreover, the role of human rights and the defense of human rights is increasing and will put in doubt the role and limits of the sovereignty of the state.
Bull, H.1992. Hugo Grotius and international relations. In Kingsbury, B. And Adam Roberts (eds.), Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Buzan, B.1993. People, states, and fear: an agenda for international security studies in the post Cold War Era. Wheatsheaf, Brighton.
Cole, W.M. 2005. "Sovereignty Relinquished? Explaining Commitment to the International Human Rights Covenants, 1966-1999." American Sociological Review, Vol. 70, No. 3, pp. 472-495.
Donnelly, J. 1986. International Human Rights: A Regime Analysis. International Organization, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 599-642.
Forsythe, D.P. 1992. Democracy, War, and Covert Action. Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 385-395.
Forsythe, D.P. 1990. Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Policy: Retrospect and Prospect. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 105, No. 3. pp. 435-454.
Forsythe, D.P. 2006. Human rights in international relations. Cambridge University Press, New York:
Fowler, M.R. Bunck, J.M. 1995. Law, Power, and the Sovereign State: The Evolution and Application of the Concept of Sovereignty: The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park.
Fukuyama, F. 2004. State-Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century. Cornell University Press.
Kissinger, H. 1995. Diplomacy. Simon & Schuster, London.
Nye, J. 2005. Understanding international conflicts: an introduction to theory and history. Pearson, New York:.
Russbach, O. 1994. ONU contre ONU. Le droit international confisque. Edition La Decouverte, Paris.
Sahni, V. 2007. "Asia Pacific in World Politics." Contemporary Southeast Asia. Vol., 29, no. 1.
Tsutsui, K. And Min Wotipka, C. 2004. "Global Civil Society and the International Human Rights Movement: Citizen Participation in Human Rights International Nongovernmental Organizations." Social Forces, Vol. 83, No. 2, pp. 587-620.
UN News Center. 2008. "UN Human Rights expert on toxic waste holds talks in Cote d'Ivoire." United Nations. Available at http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=27578&Cr=Ivoire&Cr1=
Wight, M. 1997. Power politics. Pinter Publisher Ltd.
Womack, H, Dawar, a, and…
Sovereignty however, as pointed out by Rousseau has an internal component as well. It is primarily this component that enables the state to exercise sovereignty at the international level. Although Rousseau mentions sovereignty as internal, in the 20th century the issue of sovereignty was much debated in terms of attributes of state at the international level. In terms of Rousseau's beliefs, the sovereign, which was usually the head of state,
Sovereignty vs Self-Rule: Crimea Reignites Battle Inclusion of Russia into Georgia in 2008 provoked political fear among the west political arena and the media. They dreaded that similar intervention by the Russian military would be possible in other CIS (Commonwealth Independent States) with minority states such as Crimea of the larger Russian community. Crimea was part of the imperial Russia until 1954 when it was handed over to soviet Ukraine by
This means that the states have a certain amount of sovereignty, but not complete autonomy to simply do as they wish. States are free to adopt their own laws, but they must do so within the confines of the larger body. The development of the United States and the Civil War resulted in a new definition of sovereignty. If one compares the philosophy that arose in the United States to
The quest for primacy is likely to lead to the formation of adversarial alliances and greater distrust of American intentions, endangering international stability and peace. In the domestic sphere, quest for primacy will lead to greater abuse of power and the expansion of the military, threatening the health of American democracy. Democracy may be eroded and the U.S. economy may be drained before advocates of American primacy may achieve
Arctic Sovereignty Introduction to International Relations Written by: OCdt Jennifer Wotherspoon Major Brister Early 20th century explorer Vilhalmur Stefannson was correct in his assertion that the Arctic was essentially a treasure chest of natural resources, and in his corresponding prediction that the far North would become a vital national interest for Canada and the British Empire. Stefannson urged Britain, Canada and the U.S. To acquire Wrangel Island and to set up naval and air
Hobbes, Locke, And Democracy There once was a time when kings ruled and their people were subject to the absolute authority of that king. The king literally was the law, whatever he said became law. All of his subject had an obligation to be loyal to their king simply because God had appointed him king. Kings claimed their authority from God, and therefore possessed the ultimate authority. However, beginning in the