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McNamara chose to escalate the war, focusing on the body count to measure the progress of the war instead of U.S. progress in achieving its ultimate military and political objectives. (Halberstam, Chapter 22).
Orwell's Experiences During the Interwar period and World War II
Orwell, an English native, was a promising intellect educated at elite educational institutions such as Eton. (40). Despite his sterling educational credentials, Orwell chose to work as a colonial police officer in urma, where he first witnessed the brutal policing power an authoritarian political regime and its effects on citizens. (Taylor, 92). This regime was his own ritain's exploitative and authoritarian colonial governance in the ritish profitable, but peaceful colony of urma. (Taylor, 97).
Orwell left urma and Imperial service because of sickness, making a more unstructured life for himself in England as a journalist. (Taylor, 119). He lived, as a journalist in disguise, among the working…… [Read More]
Many mental healthcare advocates supported this measure. However, the de-institutionalization under the eagan administration became the criminalization of mental illness, largely due to tax-cuts and as much as 25% cuts in funding.
ecently, the Bush administration announced his "New Freedom Initiative" that expands the failed policy of eagan (osas and Jackson, 2004). According to osas and Jackson: "There are a few differences in approach, however. The most significant difference being, Bush is cozy-in-bed with pharmaceutical conglomerates allowing them to develop the government's mental health policy. The policy would be consumer driven, providing "State-of-the-art treatments" i.e. The newest drugs. But how can the emphasis be on the newest treatments when most government programs limit coverage to generic pharmaceuticals?"
Bush's Final eport proposes, "the early detection of mental health problems in children and adults - through routine and comprehensive testing and screening - will be an expected and typical occurrence (osas and…… [Read More]
1984 by George Orwell: Part 1 and Part 2 (ch1-3)
Q1.Choose 2-4 meaningful quotes and analyze
"BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU" (Chapter 1): This is perhaps the most famous quote from 1984. 1984 depicts a totalitarian society in which people are always being watched. The name 'Big Brother' attempts to suggest that the leader takes a fatherly interest in his citizens although the reality is that most live in fear of being punished for the slightest infraction.
"With those children, he thought, that wretched woman must lead a life of terror. Another year, two years, and they would be watching her night and day for symptoms of unorthodoxy. Nearly all children nowadays were horrible." (Chapter 2). Orwell's novel portrays a future in which children are more loyal to the state than to their own family. Children are blank slates and they are so corrupted they are without feeling when they…… [Read More]
1984 by George Orwell, with an Afterword by Erich Fromm. Specifically, it will discuss the similarities and differences between the "imagined" world of Oceania and the "real" world of America 2004, using this "Afterword" in relation to 21st century American Society. Orwell's book "1984" seems far away from the society of America in 2004, but if you take a closer look, it might not be so different after all. The Patriot Act allows our own "Big Brother" to spy on suspected terrorists, and the FBI keeps arresting the wrong people. Technology gives grocery stores and banks personal information every day, and we do not question it. Are we really so distant from 1984?
Clearly, there are many differences between our society and the society Orwell describes in "1984." The residents of Oceania have given up every freedom and live in constant fear of Big Brother, who is always and forever…… [Read More]
1984" by George Orwell. Discussed: The food is bad, the alcohol is awful, and sex is suppressed. Give examples of these things and explain why the Party would discourage these things. hat does suppressing natural desires have to do with maintaining the Party's power? Five sources. MLA.
1984" by George Orwell
1984" was first published in 1949. Orwell wrote it as a reminder to the nations of the est how dangerous communism and totalitarianism is to human freedom. In his novel, Orwell warns of the loss of personal freedom and the loss of enjoying life with its wonders and individual characters. He depicts the perfect totalitarian society, a government of absolute power that controls every aspect of human existence, from food and shelter to love and family. The government has even created a new language called Newspeak, the soon to be official language of Oceania, the nation that now encompasses…… [Read More]
1984," written by George Orwell in 1949, is a classic piece about government power and the influence of that power on the lives and minds of normal citizens. Additionally, in the characters and situations within the novel, Orwell's piece also reflects the characters and concerns of life in 1949. From war to invasion of privacy to the rise in technological advancement, Orwell's "1984" clearly speaks volumes about the author's own culture and values.
The novel "1984" follows Winston Smith, a member of the Outer Party and a worker at the Ministry of Truth. Big Brother, or the Party, the government, is everywhere in the lives of citizens, as telescreens monitor their every move, and any thought, deed, or conversation that is against the government's rules is punishable by any number of means. The telescreens are in the homes, offices, streets, and even bathrooms of the citizens. As Winston begins a…… [Read More]
Also, although not as skillfully manipulated by a totalitarian state, the media has a frightening amount of power in setting -- or not setting -- a national agenda in terms of 'what is important.' Until recently, genocide in Africa was hardly reported upon at all, for example, and the local media tends to focus on 'true crime' sensationalistic stories that make people fearful, even if the neighborhood crime rate has not actually escalated.
Images more than reality fuel people's imagination, and because images are so powerful, they create a new future and past, defined by what is recorded rather than what actually existed. And corrupt politicians, because of the public and the media's increasingly short attention span, are given a tremendous amount of leeway to rehabilitate themselves, and the public is often quick to excuse past mistakes and simply turn its attention to the next sensational story.
Finally, there is…… [Read More]
The motif of slavery is seen everywhere -- whether in the propaganda campaigns announcing the scarcity of products, or in the "newspeak" slogans that populate Oceania, or in the thought police that keep "proles" from arriving at any real truth or connection with the past. Indeed, inston's attempt to understand history as it really happened is seen as a kind of act of terrorism.
In conclusion, 1984 is a novel full of archetypes (inston the modern archetypal Everyman; O'Brien the archetypal modern villain cast in the totalitarian mold), motifs (slavery through propaganda and lies), and symbols (the symbol of false "luv" exhibited in the building of the Ministry of Love itself -- a windowless, barricaded structure armed with machine-gun nests). The novel deals with the ways in which inston attempts to reconnect with the Past, with history, with humanity and with Truth -- and the extents that Big Brother (the…… [Read More]
Most people presently living in the U.S. are somewhat similar to Smith, considering that they are also interested in developing in accordance to different standards, constantly being unhappy with the way society functions. hereas they are initially ardent about changing the system and doing as they please, it slowly but surely becomes obvious that they eventually have to subject to the authorities.
Considering that the U.S. has become accustomed to going at war against underprivileged countries with the apparent reason of wanting to better conditions there, it seems that authorities today are capable of imposing law through force everywhere they please, with disadvantaged individuals having no change but to subject. The government is also monitoring the way people spend their money, even with the fact that individuals should be free to use their finances however they want, without having to give reasons for their behavior. In spite of the fact…… [Read More]
1984 Apply Today?
George Orwell wrote the book 1984 in 1949. The world had been through two world wars, the Spanish civil war and the horrors of the holocaust. Although, he was writing based in and about England, like Machiavelli's The Prince it is possible to see his vision in the workings of almost any government, especially one like the current administration, that is quite determined that it will do as it wishes irrespective of what the people want.
I have not called the present administration conservative because I don't believe that is the term that applies to it. To me conservative means to conserve the founding ideals of the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, and the Constitution. The people who wrote those documents and founded this country were not that far removed from the monarchies and other forms of hereditary dictatorships of the Old World. Their intention…… [Read More]
1984 by George Orwell, the Inner Party, those who are in charge, live very well, thanks to the fruits of a constant war. And they want to keep it that way. The method they use is keeping absolute control of everyone else through the almost daily changing of history and the suppression of individual memory.
An example of the daily changing of history is the announcement of a false event that happened in the past. All records are immediately changed to show that it did happen; nowhere (except perhaps in the minds of the citizens) is there any evidence that the event never happened at all. Every record suddenly shows that the event did take place. The result is that people begin to mistrust their own memories. They come to believe everything they're told because, after all, it's in writing. Manipulation can, and does, run rampant when people don't have…… [Read More]
There are many similarities between Orwell's 1984 and our world today. One could draw parallels between Emmanuel Goldstein as the Party's personification of evil and the West's depiction of Bin Laden. The "War is Peace" slogan is certainly visible in so many words in today's Congress (which consists of numerous warmongers, supporters of "security" and "peace" through promotion of the military-industrial complex). "Freedom is Slavery" is true enough for proponents of the Patriot Act, the National Defense Authorization Act, and other post-9/11 bills that violate civil liberties in the name of "security," turning free citizens into slaves of a totalitarian State. Citizen's "ignorance" is the State's "strength," and the people's willingness to be docile students to the "two-minute hate" broadcasts on any of the major news networks or (Newsweek magazine covers) makes them the perfect companions to Orwell's Party members. In short, Orwell's 1984 is the picture of…… [Read More]
Even the literature of the Party will change. Even the slogans will change. How could you have a slogan like "freedom is slavery" when the concept of freedom has been abolished? The whole climate will be different. In fact there will be no thought as we understand it now. Orthodoxy means not thinking - not needing to think. Orthodoxy is unconsciousness (Orwell 54).
So clearly the masses are understanding the situation to some level, but Ingsoc has made it impossible for them to dig any deeper, or rebel against the Newspeak movement by targeting those dangerous concepts for removal from the vocabulary first. hile Syme can still follow it to a logical conclusion, the conclusion itself has still been decided for him.
Though Ingsoc wishes to make the people of Oceana believe that this is progress, it really is a regression of civilization. Because of the natural fluidity of language,…… [Read More]
His sexual liberation is viewed as a step toward liberation from the Party because it is a step back toward human nature and real human ideals like Truth and Beauty -- remnants of a Past, which the Party attempts to subvert and/or erase.
Winston begins to explore his natural human urges in 1984 by pursuing his sexual appetites among the proles. The Party attempts to control the proles, however, despite their natural inclinations. The Party controls the classes through propaganda of scarcity. Scarcity is a motif that Orwell uses to show how the Party controls and manipulates the proletariat -- the proles. The Party relies heavily on propaganda, and scarcity is one of its propaganda lies: there is not really any scarcity; it is only another fabrication to convince the proles that they must conserve and rally behind the government in these times of scarcity. Concern for preservation supplants their…… [Read More]
The Role of Setting in George Orwell's 1984: Handout
Four Basic Functions of Setting:
Setting has four functions: to set the tone/mood of the scene, to give symbolic significance to a situation or to the story as a whole, to affect the character's emotions in the scene, and to be informative about what the characters and their environment are like.
In 1984, George Orwell uses setting in each of these functions, as seen in the following three environments:
The Woods: "Winston picked his way up the lane through dappled light and shade, stepping out into pools of gold wherever the boughs parted. Under the trees to the left of them the ground was misty with bluebells. The air seemed to kiss one's skin." (Orwell 98)
Words like dappled light, pools, gold, bluebells, and kiss all are positive words that give the impression of happiness and contentment. The four…… [Read More]
George Orwell's 1984: The Danger That Abuse Of Power Poses To Individual Liberty
There are several themes in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four that are still relevant in our world today, which is evident if a process of analysis is used to draw parallels between the book and current day issues. One such theme is the danger that the abuse of power poses to individual liberty. Indeed, the preceding statement is as true of democratic nations like America as it is of totalitarian regimes. Take, for instance, the recent American war in Iraq or the abuse of Iraqi prisoners by the U.S. military. If instances of such abuse are left unchecked, it can lead to the death of individual liberty just as Orwell describes in his work of fiction.
True, Orwell's work was perhaps meant to demonstrate primarily the dangers of totalitarian regimes such as that of Stalinist Russia. However, it…… [Read More]
Plato's Republic and George Orwell's 1984
Philosophy could be defined as the highest level of true clarity and understanding human thought can aspire to. It would thus seem strange to compare the ideal philosophical kingdom of Plato's Republic with George Orwell's 1984. Plato's writings form the cornerstone of estern philosophy, while Orwell's text tells of a totalitarian society where all free thought is stifled. However, the two men's versions of government, one utopian, the other horrific, spanning centuries of time, contain certain connections that will be elucidated over the course of this paper. This paper will examine the significance and the role of philosophy in both Plato's version of utopia and Orwell's horrific version of the future in 1984. It will suggest that both societies, rather than one being characterized as a philosophical utopia and the other a place where independent though is discouraged, both manifest a form of totalitarian…… [Read More]
Mario Cuomo's Address To The Democratic Convention
Although alter Mondale was resoundingly defeated by Ronald Reagan in 1984, Mario Cuomo's opening address to the Democratic convention that same year remains indelibly imprinted in the minds of all of those who heard it, and those who re-hear it today. It is a clarion cry for a different vision of America, and a demand that all the voices of Americans are heard. In an era where liberals were often criticized for being anti-American, Cuomo makes inventive use of this notion, reversing common tropes of patriotism. As someone who believes in the American Dream, Cuomo says he must support a more progressive vision than currently exists in America today. He supports an America where all Americans are cared for, where America is not simply a race where only the strongest are rewarded. He recalls stirring images from America's past to render this point:…… [Read More]
The "chill effect" also comes into operation and hence provides some degree of protection to newspapers and reporters. However in this particular case, the court ruled in favor of the celebrity believing that Jones career had been damaged due to the publication of 1979 libelous story.
The court believed that since the newspaper enjoyed heavy circulation and hence readership in the state of California, a resident of that state could bring a lawsuit against the newspaper. Jones a resident of California thus had personal jurisdiction over the defendants because significant circulation translated into a higher number of people becoming aware of the story and Jones' personal problems. This could in turn have a negative impact on her life and career. All first amendment arguments presented in favor of the defendants were also rejected by the court simply because of heavy circulation of the magazine.
We can say with confidence that…… [Read More]
They must be applied to patient's lives -- this is the reason that Benner places such a strong emphasis on mentorship as a critical component of training. Mentors and the advice of other nurses are required to teach advanced beginners to begin to 'filter' experience and form meaningful principles (Benner 22). However, for the advanced beginner, mentors are still required to help individuals adapt to the situations they are exposed to, such as, to cite the example given by Benner, a ward of crying babies, all of whom need attention -- an advanced beginner may have trouble doing 'triage,' or understanding what is the most important thing to do in a situation, when confronted with a variety of demands.
Competency, the third stage is when the nurse begins to develop a more holistic sense of his or her personal philosophy of nursing practice. This stands in stark contrast to the…… [Read More]
Events that led to implementation of various regulatory measures
The implementation of the 1984 Sentencing Reform Act called for the establishment of Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations (FSGO). The United States Sentencing Commission decided to come up with these guidelines targeted at individuals and firms. The key aim was crime prevention and decreasing disparities in sentencing. (Mercer, 2003). At first, in the year 1991, the idea of organizational punishment mitigation was introduced, for cooperation and effective adherence to the program.
The 2002 federal regulation, SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley Act), put extensive financial and auditing related regulations in place for publicly-traded organizations. The chief goal was regulation of corporate practices like financial reporting at such corporations.
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), instituted as part of the 2010 Consumer Protection Act and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform, is responsible for the oversight of federal financial regulations expressly protecting consumers (i.e., individuals who store the money they own…… [Read More]
Boone Pickins, My Case for Reagan (1984)
Boone Pickins, "My Case for Reagan" 1984
During the 1980 presidential campaign Republican Ronald Reagan suggested that Americans ask themselves whether or not they better off financially than they were four years earlier, at the beginning of President Jimmy Carter's administration. This became a key issue in the 1984 presidential campaign when President Reagan sought another four years in the hite House. Even though there was a recession during 1982 Reagan won a landslide victory over the Democratic nominee alter Mondale.
The economy was a key issue in the 1984 presidential race because the Reagan Administration's policy of cutting taxes and reducing spending on social programs were much more beneficial to some segments of American society than others. Businessman T. Boone Pickins made a case for the reelection of Reagan based on the economic conditions of the time. Pickins argued that more than…… [Read More]
However, critics complain that although the creatures created are fascinating as will be discussed later, the merging of special effects with the film itself is far from seamless. "Alas much of the effects work is considerably underset by thick matte lines - uncharacteristically poor work from Brian Johnson" (Scheib). Those thick matte lines are very visible at times during the film, particularly during the flying sequences when Flagor flies the young warrior on his journeys to save the besieged Fantasia.
This could be seen as a valid criticism of the special effects. However, it could also be seen as a way for the special effects team to underscore the intention of the film. The intention is to create a world drawn out of people's imaginations. The imagination is a place of dreams, not perfection. It is a place of vivid images and creation, but not necessarily ones that are so…… [Read More]
Canadian Healthcare Legislation
The people of Canada did not have elected officials who were creative enough or bold enough to put universal healthcare legislation on the books until 1984, although there were attempts to provide healthcare coverage for Canadians before that date. This paper reviews the way in which healthcare coverage was introduced in Canada and reviews two programs, Canada Health Act and Medical Care Insurance Act.
Development of Health Services in Canada
Before the end of orld ar II, the Saskatchewan government -- moved by the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Party (CCF) -- began plans to introduce a publically financed health care system. The Saskatchewan government hired Johns Hopkins professor Henry Sigerist to help devise a plan, and he urged the government to go ahead and develop a "total health care organizations that would ensure that all citizens ... " could get good medical care (Crichton, 1997). There had been…… [Read More]
1984 riting Assignment
JRSM 301 DLF
In 1984, the Party uses a number of means to influence the people of Oceania and keep them from rebelling. Methods that the Party uses include 1) the rewriting of history, 2) the reshaping and dumbing down of language (Newspeak), and 3) the issuance of mindless entertainment (newspapers full of sports, movies, Pornosec) that keeps the masses bemused. At the same time, however, there is a counter-effect of this sort of control, which rises from time to time and is described as Goldsteinism, though it is unclear whether this force is real or not. This paper will describe the methods used by the Party to control the masses and discuss the possibility of such control/manipulation leading to an uprising.
The first method of societal control the Party employs is the rewriting of history. History tells the people who they are where they come…… [Read More]
Combat. A French Resistance Newspaper from 1944
COMBAT: THE RESISTANCE NESPAPER
Big Brother: The Physical Embodiment and Symbol of the Party in Oceania
Big Brother's Predecessors: Hitler, Stalin and an Old British Recruiting Poster Featuring Lord Kitchener
BIG BROTHER IS HITLER AND STALIN, INCLUDING THE MOUSTACHE
By O'Brien X
Unlike the real dictators Hitler and Stalin, Big Brother does not really exist and has never existed, except as the symbol of English Socialism (Ingsoc) and the Party that controls all aspects of life in Oceania through totalitarian, police state methods. After all, a dictator with a physical body will eventually become ill, decline with age and die, Big Brother will live forever as the image of a Party that intends to remain in power forever. Its members will die off, even at the privileged Inner Party levels, but that matters no more than cutting off dead fingernails. As…… [Read More]
Brave New orld
The two books 1984 and Brave New orld reflect futuristic views that are quite different and dichotomous. Indeed, 1984 reflects a world of dystopia and punitive government while the work Brave New orld reflects one of more utopian conditions but is no less controlled and crafted by a master plan. The noted social critic Neil Postman postulates that Huxley's version of the world in Brave New orld more closely matches that of our current actual world. However, while there is some grain of truth to that, there are some facets of Brave New orld that are not in place now and the chances of that changing in the foreseeable future is practically nil in the view of the author of this report.
First up on this report will be a compare and contrast of the two works in general terms. First off, an obvious difference between…… [Read More]
It is a work that seems to be eerily familiar to what is happening in many areas of society today, and that is one aspect of the novel that makes it exceedingly frightening to read.
Abdolian, Lisa Finnegan, and Harold Takooshian. "The U.S.A. PATIOT Act: Civil Liberties, the Media, and Public Opinion." Fordham Urban Law Journal 30.4 (2003): 1429+.
A secondary source that gives useful information on the U.S.A. Patriot Act. Includes commentary on the pros and cons of the act, and how the media portrayed it. Also includes opponents to the act, and some of the most controversial policies included in the act.
Deery, June. "George Orwell. Nineteen Eighty-Four." Utopian Studies 16.1 (2005): 122+.
A secondary source that talks about Orwell's novel, why he wrote it, and when it was reissued in 2003. Also discusses Orwell's motives for writing the novel, and what influenced him. It is a…… [Read More]
Communicative Theory of Biblical Interpretation
Any theory is a composite of residual aspects of earlier theories and fresh compositions illuminated by the present context. The several theories that have been applied to the study of Scriptures are no exception, and this discussion will explore how several theories have come to coalesce in the communicative theory of Biblical interpretation. The relation of literary criticism, structural criticism, and reader-response criticism to the Biblical interpretation as seen through the lens of communicative theory will be discussed. Aspects of contextualization, relevance theory, and speech-act theory are explored with regard to the influence of these constructs on the development of modern communicative theory.
Communicative theory. The written word is a special form of communication -- a mysterious way for people to experience the inner thoughts of another being. The Bible, as a written record of the experiences and history of ancient Israelites and Christians, provides…… [Read More]
This will lead automatically and inevitably to the near-worship of certain personalities and entities in the civic realm.
Glenn Beck is not actually an office holder, nor is he truly likely to become one (at least on a national level), and he also includes religious (specifically Christian, and even more specifically a brand of evangelical Christian) thought in many of his messages. Yet his following is also evidence of the Orwellian replacement of religious figures with civic figures, and the manner in which the state itself is becoming the focus of worship. Beck and others like him -- on both sides of the political spectrum -- attempt to make the government a matter of morality and directly codified values rather than a matter of ethicality and democratic equality. That is, these personalities insist that there are clear "rights" and "wrongs" in matters of policy that are part of moral absolutes,…… [Read More]
Humanities are Important:
An analysis of the Da Vinci Code, Beethoven's 9th, and 1984.
A novel by George Orwell (pseudonym), real name Eric Blair
Published in 1949
A reaction to the totalitarian state engulfing the global community
The Da Vinci Code
A (2006) film by on Howard
Based on the novel by Dan Brown
obert Langdon follows a series of clues that link Leonardo's masterpieces, the mystery of Jesus Christ, and a totalitarian regime in the guise of the Catholic Church
Beethoven's 9th Symphony
Completed in 1824 after the composer (Ludwig van Beethoven) had gone completely deaf, this -- his final symphony -- is often considered to be one of the greatest musical masterpieces of all time. The fourth movement is based on Schiller's "Ode to Joy" and invokes a chorus of universal brotherhood. If you listen long enough, you will hear the music swell into a magnificent burst of…… [Read More]
inston is impressed by a man named O'Brien who is supposed to be very powerful member of the party, but he believes in his heart that O'Brien is actually a member of the Brotherhood which is a group dedicated to overthrowing the Party (Orwell, 1977).
inston looks to O'Brien in the same way that Bromend looks to McMurphy in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. O'Brien is someone that inston comes to admire and follow.
He is still afraid to rebel himself at first. He has thought crimes about the way he is paid to change the history books so they will fit the Party's version of history but he is afraid to speak up about his own memories which tell a completely different story.
inston uses every evening to walk through the poor neighborhoods where the lowest members of society live. They live extremely poverty stricken lives but because…… [Read More]
Thus, these authors warn that the abuse of authority must be consistently checked and fought in order to keep it from expanding. This is currently being evidenced in our society. The Bush administration has repeated thwarted the power of Congress and the Supreme Court by attempting to pass laws that directly by-pass the national legislature and promoting a system that takes away presidential checks. The Bush administration repeated refuses to provide subpoenaed documents and to allow information access and disclosure. It is evident from their behavior that without such accurate disclosure the government is drifting closer and closer to the realities discussed within this book.
In the final analysis, Blair's new book is a haunting reminder of the world of 1984, and the contemporary establishment of his book, featuring a four-term Bush administration only highlights the urgency of the issues and themes he discusses within his book. The fact is…… [Read More]
Everyone is under suspicion, according to the eye of the camera. Everyone is treated as if they are a likely criminal. This has a negative psychological affect on the general population who are not criminals.
For those who are not criminals, they feel as if their privacy is being invaded for no reason. They are reduced to being under suspicion and scrutinized even though they are upstanding citizens. They feel as if they are being treated as a criminal and that their freedoms are being slowly eaten away one by one. More and more the general population expresses concerns about the trend toward and Orwellian world. The telescreens in Orwell's world broadcast propaganda and continually exaggerated positive production numbers and lied about the failing state of the economy. The telescreens made the economy sound like a growth economy, when it was slowly slipping away, sound familiar?
In Orwell's novel, inston…… [Read More]
Gnostics believed that they belonged to the "true church" of an elect few who were worthy; the orthodox Christians would not be saved because they were blind to the truth.
Part E -- Content - if we then combine the historical outline of the "reason" for John's writings with the overall message, we can conclude that there are at least five major paradigms present that are important in a contextual analysis of John.
John 5:13 - I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life. This seems to point that John saw a clear difference between those who believed in Jesus as the Son of God, but were unsure about eternal life. However, if we look back at other parts of his Gospel, we do find repetition of this theme. In John 1:5-7,…… [Read More]
American Orwellian Tyranny
Although the apocalyptic vision of the future that Orwell presented in 1984 has not yet occurred, some of the most chilling concepts he described are gradually becoming doctrinal pillars of law in the United States. An analysis of contemporary society reveals that an Orwellian manipulation of language is causing a dramatic shift in the way people think and is exerting tyrannical control over the common American. This control is being brought about by newly formed standards of speech backed by governmental regulation and which commands that government approved behavior be displayed. These events parallel the control that Orwell's "Big Brother" (1) exerted on the populace in 1984 but which is commonly referred to today as political correctness.
Three of the most potent ideas discussed in Orwell's 1984 are "doublethink" (3), the destruction of actual events (17) and "thoughtcrime" (8). These ideas work collaboratively to bring about the…… [Read More]
Power and the Use of Language, Orwell's 1984 And Beyond
George Orwell's 1949 dystopian novel 1984 has become almost iconoclastic in its meaning for contemporary society. Almost like the term Machiavellianism, 1984 evokes images in popular culture, along with the author's name as an adjective, and phrases that were used in the book. Even the term "Orwellian" denotes a certain type of society; phrases like "Big Brother," "Newspeak," "Thought-Police," etc. are now part of the vocabulary when describing totalitarian regimes. The novel's premise has become part of a modern archetype, imitated on television, popular music, movies, and even one of the most popular advertisements ever made, the 1984 launch of Apple's Macintosh.
Nineteen Eighty-Four focuses on a new type of society -- repressive, totalitarian, staunch, all-powerful, all knowing, oligarchical, and pervasive. The novel's main character, Winston Smith, is a simple civil servant assigned to the daily task of perpetuating the…… [Read More]
One of the most brutal crimes in North Carolina occurred in 1984 when a young white newspaper reporter, Deborah Sykes, was assaulted, raped, sodomized, and stabbed to death a few blocks from her workplace in Winston-Salem (Stern & Sundberg, 2006). Darryl Hunt, a 19-year-old black man was charged with this crime despite the absence of any physical evidence linking him to the crime. Hunt’s charges were largely based on an eyewitness’ identification that was made by a former member of Klu Klux Klan. He was later convicted of the crime and sentenced to life imprisonment by a jury of 11 whites and one black. However, in 1994, DNA testing showed that Hunt did not rape the victim, which generated significant doubts on his involvement in the murder of Deborah Sykes. Despite these findings, Hunt stayed behind bars for another decade for a crime he did not commit before his release…… [Read More]
He is unaware that it is his free will that is longing to escape. hile he is wise not to ignore his inner yearnings, he is oblivious on how to obtain his freedom. All he knows is that he is lost and he must find a way to himself. This is a personality trait that every human being is born with and when it becomes endangered the human instinct is to resist.
Resistance is not always easy as Orwell demonstrates in his novel. inston and others in the novel are met at all sides to conform but it is not so easy, as inston illustrates. The yearning of human nature is compounded with images of Thought Police, another intrusive presence that makes life unbearable. inston tells us, "At home and in bed in the darkness you were safe from the telescreen so long as you kept silent" (96-7). Again, we…… [Read More]
elling Human Organs: The Ethical Issue
elling body transplants is one of the latest ventures that entrepreneurs have devised. ome see it as servicing a public good, whilst others perceive it as one more example of capitalism at its worst.
Barry Jacobs is an example of an international broker for bodily parts whose business involves matching up kidney "donors" with patients needing kidney transplants. The donor receives a magnanimous paycheck; the recipient receives a healthy kidney, and Jacobs, himself, profits by business in worse ways (Chapman, 1984). Jacobs and other advocates of organ-selling see this business as filling a necessary void. Approximately, 100,000 organ transplants are needed per annum, and only an annual 10,000 are performed due to the deficiency of matching organs. Biomedical breakthroughs have increased the success of these operations, but the procedures cannot always be accomplished due to depletion of stocks. People are simply not willing to…… [Read More]
Some governments are terrified of their people: The military government that is running Burma (the junta calls the country Myanmar: Many of those who oppose the brutality of the regime refer to the nation by its former name of Burma) murders Buddhist monks who protest its policies.
The longer one thinks about this fact, the more clearly one summons up the image of the slaughter of young holy men, the clearer it will be that this is a government that will do anything that will increase its power, its control over the population, and the longevity of their regime. When one reads Orwell and thinks about Burma, one thinks that Orwell was a jolly optimist about human nature and the role of government.
And Orwell's vision of government is indeed grim one, and it gets grimmer over the course of the novel as Winston -- the protagonist who is nothing…… [Read More]
Impotantly, he builds his case on the
sociological theoies of those who peceded him. To this extent, he
emaks at one junctue, "as Giddens (1984) states, 'institutions by
definition ae the moe enduing featues of social life... giving solidity
to social systems acoss time and space.' Institutions exhibit these
popeties because of the pocess set in motion by egulative , nomative,
and cultual cognitive elements." (Scott, 1) In othe wods, the
implications of the institution ae essentially ecipocal. It is only
ational that popety and pocess should exist within the context of a
cycle. The human aspects of an institution, whethe it be a sustained
cultual goup such as a global eligious faith o a copoation with a
centuy of oganizational development behind it, thee ae aspects of
society which ae going to inevitably impact the ways the people behave.
Fo instance, with the adoption of Civil Rights in the…… [Read More]
Personal jurisdiction and service of process are legal technicalities and are, therefore, subject to interpretation. Attempts to avoid being forced to engage in litigation in a forum that may be inconvenient or burdensome are a legal maneuver that are recognized as proper under the Professional Code of Professional esponsibility and an attorney's failure to properly dispute the validity of service would be considered unethical behavior (American Bar Association).
The United States Supreme Court held that the defendant, National Enquirer, was subject to service of process and, therefore, subject to the personal jurisdiction of the California courts by virtue of the fact that the Enquirer had significant circulation in California, that the plaintiff, Shirley Jones, resided in California, and any harm suffered by the Ms. Jones would be suffered in California. The Supreme Court's decision opened the road for the plaintiff, Shirley Jones, to pursue her libel claim against the National…… [Read More]
The study made a comparison of the performance of the crew in two types of equipment.CM failures were note to lead to a general increase in the number of mishaps (56% due to CM failure).
The development of Crew esource Management came as response to the new revelations on the causes of aircraft accidents that followed the introduction of flight and cockpit voice recorders into the modern aircraft jets. Information received from these devices suggests that most aircraft accidents are as a result of inability of crews to respond appropriately to the situations they find themselves in. this is contrary to general beliefs that these accidents are caused by technical malfunction of the aircraft systems, failure of aircraft handling skills or lack of technical knowhow by the crew. For instance, lack of good communications channels between the crew members and other parties. This can in turn lead to loss…… [Read More]
These vary by the type of managers and leaders there are in a given company. At Dell, transformational leaders are prevalent given the approach Michael Dell takes of allowing risk-taking, greater autonomy and support for decentralized decision making throughout the company (Dell Investor elations, 2013).
Explain different supplier relationship practices you think will be an advantage to the company, providing examples.
There are many different approaches Dell takes in creating and sustaining their supplier relationships. There are supplier relationships for commodity-oriented products to entirely different ones for high-value products like microprocessors. Dell has been able to unify all of these using a common set of analytics and metrics of performance, creating a consistent approach to managing their diverse supply chain based on profitability contribution by supplier, not just price (Weisendanger, 1993).
Explain the different customer focus practices you think will be an advantage to the company including examples.
Dell is…… [Read More]
Winston Smith is the hero of the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) by George Orwell. Winston's ultimate failing is not the failing of a human being, instead it is a symbol of the ultimate power of the society.
Persuasive technique - definition, personal observation)
In literary terms a hero can be vaguely defined as the main character. However, further to this the character needs to be superior, of good character or extraordinary in some way (aldick 98). Winston Smith is the main character in 1984 and he is extraordinary. What is most important in understanding this is realizing that we must not compare Winston with modern man in this society, but with modern man in the society of 1984. This is one of the key aspects to understanding, to first understand the society he is existing in. This society is one where the people are completely controlled, with the people having…… [Read More]
Community Colleges in America
In 1983 and 1984, a dozen major reports on the United States' schools were published. All stressed the need for "excellence" in education. These reports are the subject of: Excellence in Education: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. The reports pertaining to higher education were published by The BusinessHigher Education Forum, and saw higher education as "unable to train skilled managers and technicians that they believed industry needed." (Altbach 32) These reports essentially claim that student achievement has declined at technical schools because schools "do not demand enough of their students, do not apply stiff criteria for promotion, do not test students enough, and particularly in high school, provide students with too many choices about what subjects they study." (Altbach 32) These reports are somewhat dated in that they compare American students with Japanese students and focus on technical proficiency vs. The intuitive grasp of problems and…… [Read More]
Apple Computers Influence on Popular Culture
Apple Computer, Inc. is recognized worldwide for creating powerful solutions that are based on user-friendly personal computers, servers, peripherals, software, personal digital assistants and Internet content (Apply Pp). Headquartered in Cupertino, California, Apple is an innovator in the information industry and a leader in multimedia technologies (Apple Pp). It develops, manufactures, licenses and markets solutions, products, technologies and services for business, education, consumer entertainment, scientific and engineering and government customers in roughly one hundred and fifty countries (Apple Pp). Apple has had a profound influence on popular culture. Macintosh users are not just users, they are devotees, who use the computer to express their beliefs on the relationship between technology and society, for they believe the Mac is not simply an object by which to think, it is a spiritual path to a future where technology and humans co-exist in harmony (Lam Pp).
As…… [Read More]
The theory of Honey and Mumford, describes the styles and learning strategies. It incorporates much of the theory of Kolb's learning cycle, making it more intelligible.
It is important to discuss these strategies with students. (Marsick and atkins, p132-51) hile this allows the teacher to become aware of the need to vary their teaching because they do not exist in universal, it also allows learners to realize that everyone learns differently.
So its dominant learning strategies can influence its working methods and student personnel can then optimize them. It may also become more self-confidence. Honey and Mumford (1986) take away from Kolb (1984) the idea of an experiential learning model in four stages they call: experience, the return on experience, drawing conclusions and planning. (aring and Evans, p117-28)
According to them, each phase has specific behaviors and attitudes and is important to successfully complete the learning process itself.…… [Read More]
Recruiting more males into the nursing profession: A Positive, Proactive Position Statement
The aging population has caused a crisis in the healthcare profession. The population needs more nurses, that fact is clear even to individuals outside of the field of health. One way to increase recruitment numbers of any profession is to expand the targeted populations that are traditionally attracted to the profession. Traditionally, men have been underrepresented in 20th century nursing, although monks used to perform such functions before the evolution of modern medicine. (hittock & Leonard, 2003, p. 243) Thus one way to increase the population of nurses is to increase the number of men in the profession.
Nursing is a vocation as well as a profession, and it would be tragic if men who felt the 'calling' eschewed entering nursing as a profession because it was perceived as a female-only employment. Also, as nurses often present the…… [Read More]
This report is an analysis of the American Express company.
Founder, date incorporated -- "Established in 1850 in New York, American Express Company was among the first and most successful express delivery businesses to arise during the rapid westward expansion of the United States." (American Express)
Initial source of Capital -- "Although in its early years American Express was not itself a financial services company, its largest and most consistent clients were banks. Delivering the banks' typically small parcels -- stock certificates, notes, currency and other financial instruments -- was considerably more profitable than transporting larger freight. Soon the company would scale down its parcel and freight delivery business in favor of creating and selling its own financial products." (American Express)
Key innovations -- "In 1882, American Express launched the money order business, which proved an almost instant success. The company introduced the world's first traveler's…… [Read More]
Here we have an account of the definitive formation of the twelve-tribe league incorporating people who may well have had ancient ties with Israelite tribes but who only now pledge their undivided allegiance to the God of Israel."
Thus, Shechem is, according to Hillers, one of the most important place for the Covenant renewal, since it was the first that was witnessed by the united Israelite tribes.
John Van Seters, on the other hand, offers a different explanation for the origins of the text in Joshua 24. He concludes that the resemblances in form between the Covenant at Shechem and the Deuteronomy Covenant makes it plausible that the Joshua 24 has to be just an addition to the Deuteronomy work:
There is only one solution to this dilemma and that is that Joshua 24.1-27 was composed as an addition to the Dtr. work. It is post-Dtr. And was inserted before…… [Read More]
Whole Foods Market
Which Organizational Diagnosis Model Is Best to Use at Whole Foods Market
Open Systems Theory
Weisbord's Six-Box Model
McKinsey 7S Framework
Likert System Analysis (1967)
Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model
Methods to use this Tool
Analyze each key element separately
ecognize the people that can help to get the work done and help in accomplishing the goals of the organization
Analyze how these Elements Interrelate in the Organization
Plan to Create and Maintain Congruence
Issues of Whole Foods Market
Poor Working Conditions
Failure to Support Farmworkers
Best Model to esolve Issues of Whole Food Markets
In this modern competitive era of rapid transformation and advancement, new organizations must be evolved and developed continuously. More effective learning processes need to be adopted and goal setting and planning processes must be learned and time should be spent to improve and advance the goal-setting…… [Read More]
adical Humanist Approach to Organizational Analysis
Patagonia is a small company that began by making perfect pitons for rock climbers. The company was founded by a band of climbers and surfers who lived the minimalist lifestyle they promoted. The company makes clothing and gear for the silent sports -- no motors or engines are involved -- of skiing, snowboarding, surfing, fly fishing, paddling, and trail running" ("Patagonia," 2012). For the founders, the reward in each sport comes at the nexus that takes "the form of hard-won grace and moments of connection" between them and nature ("Patagonia," 2012). The corporate mission of Patagonia is to make the best possible products and to cause no unnecessary harm while engaged in that effort.
The research in this study is grounded in critical theory and phenomenology. The personal accounts given by employees of Patagonia are expressions of how they experience…… [Read More]
Pressure on Performance
The Effects of Time Pressure and Performance Pressure on the Ability to Solve Anagrams in College Students.
Anxiety and stress have been demonstrated to affect test performance and cognitive performance. Previous research has suggested that anxiety interferes with test performance by means of cognitive interference. Often, especially in individuals with high levels of test anxiety, stress leads to anxiety which leads to inattention, self-absorption, and focus on self-evaluation rather than on task-relevant behaviors. Stress is most often induced by a high pressure environment and can vary from situation to situation. The purpose the current study is to examine whether stress induced from a high pressure environment negatively affects testing performance. The current study investigated the effects of time pressure (being timed) and performance pressure (being evaluated) on the ability of college students to solve anagrams. It was hypothesized that pressure would lead to stress that would result…… [Read More]
DNA Exonerations: John Kogut
The Path To Exoneration: John Kogut
The Path to Conviction
When 16-year-old Teresa Fusco left work at 9:45 PM on November 10, 1984 she became one among several young girls reported missing over the past several years [Centurion Ministries, 2013; Innocence Project, n.d.(a)]. In contrast to her predecessors, however, her body was discovered a month later in a wooded area several blocks from the roller rink where she worked. According to the autopsy, Teresa had been raped and murdered. Semen and sperm were collected from her body and the marks on her neck revealed that she had been strangled with a rope or cord. Also found at the scene were her jewelry and the murder weapon. The coroner's office, however, failed to conduct a blood type analysis on the semen.
The Nassau County police were under tremendous pressure to solve these disappearances, especially Teresa's rape and…… [Read More]
With the advent of technology, there are other tests apart from Blood Type present to rule out a crime. If today, the assailant's blood type does not match the blood on the crime scene, it does not necessarily prove him guilty. Forensics studies have indicated that there are two types of people on this planet regarding secretion of ABO proteins in body fluids. There are the secretors, and then there are nonsecretors. In cases of rape, the fluid usually tested is semen. The thing to note is that if that person is a secretor, only then his blood antigens will be present in the semen. If the semen is negative for any antigen that can either mean that the person is type O or is a non-secretor (Lyle, 2011) Furthermore, there are thousands and millions of people who have the same blood type. Due to this reason, DNA testing…… [Read More]
Sixth Amendment right to counsel applies to everyone, but it can be difficult to ensure that it is correctly applied to defendants with disabilities. That has led to major problems, and has been addressed by several cases, including Faretta v. California (1975), McKaskle v. Wiggins (1984), Godinez v. Moran (1993), and Indiana v. Edwards (2008). These cases showcased the issue that the standard for competency to stand trial was linked to the standard for competency to represent oneself. While that seems to make perfect sense, it is actually quite harmful to people who have disabilities, because they may not be able to correctly represent themselves and cannot always be held to the same standards that would be seen with people who do not suffer from any kind of disability. The right to counsel is highly important, because not having counsel can make it very difficult for a defendant to assert…… [Read More]
The covenant is the central motif in Jewish identity and consciousness, representing the unique relationship between the Jews and God. Although there are several instances during which the Jewish people engage in covenant with God, the most significant and momentous is the covenant God forms with Moses, who in turn communicates God's will to the Jewish people. As Boadt (1984) points out, the covenant is also significant from literary and historical perspectives because "all of biblical history may be called a theology of the covenant," (p. 174). The covenant represents a bilateral relationship and form of communication, a sort of mutually beneficial agreement in which both God and the Jewish people agree to specific behaviors that are expressions of mutual trust, love, and loyalty. Essentially, the covenant is a binding contract between God and the Jews, which outlines the parameters of the relationship and what is expected of both parties.…… [Read More]
11th Cairo Biennale, which took place December 20, 2008 to February 20, 2009. The theme of the Biennale was "The Other," which means Those is no one other than myself in this society, but the Biennale challenged artists to overlook that, and practice "diversity and tolerance." The president of the Biennale was Mohsen Shaalon, and the commassaire was Ehab El-Labban. Included were 86 artists from 45 countries, including one from the United States. The Cairo Biennale is one of the largest, most prestigious art shows in the Middle East. Organized in 1984, artists from around the world participate in this biannual event held in several venues throughout Cairo.
It is an honor to participate in the Cairo Biennale, because it is organized by the Egyptian Ministry of Culture's Sector of Fine Art, who organize and maintain the strict rules and regulations affecting artists who show their work in the Biennale.…… [Read More]