Abraham Maslow Essays (Examples)

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Maslow's Hiercarhy Needs Describe Hierarcy Needs Developed

Words: 901 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87323498

Maslow's Hiercarhy Needs

Describe Hierarcy Needs developed Abraham Maslow (350-400 words) -Critically Evaluate Maslow's Model terms Contribution development a balanced lifestyle individuals comparing Freud's Perspective 2) - This paragraph considers effective / ineffective Model helping individual develop a balanced lifestyle -Also perspectives thought ( 350-400) - Referencing text applicable, Havard Referencing end.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Abraham Maslow devised the Hierarchy of Needs with the purpose of providing the general public with a more thorough understanding of concepts like motivation and development. The hierarchy basically claims that human beings are instinctively motivated to have access to basic needs before expressing interest in other needs. One of the most frequent representations of the Hierarchy of Needs is a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are the basic needs and the higher levels contain the more intricate needs. Through basic needs one can understand physical necessities, such as food, water, sleep,…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Ewen, Robert B. An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 5th ed. (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998)

Gambrel, Patrick A. And Cianci, Rebecca "Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Does It Apply in a Collectivist Culture," Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship 8.2 (2003)

Maslow, Abraham H. The Maslow Business Reader, ed. Deborah C. Stephens (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000)

Vitz, Paul C. "Psychology in Recovery," First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion and Public LifeMar. 2005
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Maslow Adult Educator of All

Words: 1104 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91831061

The third level up the pyramid is the need for affection, belonging and love. This is the need state area were people are who want to alleviate feelings of loneliness, isolation or alienation (Hoffman, 1988). This level is also critically important for the development of trust in the workplace and within workplace teams and the sense of identity that comes from being part of a group (Harris, Kleiner, 1993). Fourth there is the need for esteem and while it often connotes the esteem from others as a layer of the model, it encompasses self-esteem as well. This is the level where the critical aspects of self-worth, self-confidence and self-discipline come into how a person approaches their life and their goals (Bazigos, Burke, 1997). The top layer of the Maslow Hierarchy of Needs Model is self-actualization. This is the level of where people are who have found their innate strengths and…… [Read More]

References

Michael N. Bazigos, & W. Warner Burke. (1997). Theory orientations of organization development (OD) practitioners. Group & Organization Management, 22(3), 384-408.

Cangemi, J. (2009). Analysis of an Adversarial Labor/Management Situation in a Latin American Industrial Setting: A Case Study using Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Organization Development Journal, 27(1), 37-47.

Harris, Chris, & Kleiner, Brian H. (1993). Motivational practices at America's best managed companies. Management Research News, 16(9,10), 1.

Hoffman, Edward. (1988, September). Abraham Maslow: Father of Enlightened Management. Training, 25(9), 79.
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Maslow as a Catering Manager a Transplant

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41680343

Maslow

As a catering manager a transplant hospital, describe factors influence people work place behave-based explain apply recognized theory motivation (Abraham Maslow) team improve performance.

Maslow: The hierarchy of needs

The theorist Abraham Maslow created a hierarchy of needs to describe what individuals sought out of life. The first level of the Maslow hierarchy is made up of basic needs, like food, shelter and clothing. The second level consists of the need for security, including fear of bodily harm. After that need is satisfied there a third need for belonging and social acceptance, followed by a fourth need for esteem (approval from other people). Only after these needs are met is a person capable of satisfying the highest-level need of self-actualization, or achieving a higher purpose in life (Maslow's hierarchy of needs, 2010, Honolulu College).

This is important to remember when managing a workplace because a critical aspect of Maslow's…… [Read More]

Reference

Maslow's hierarchy of needs. (2010). Honolulu College. Teacher's Guidebook.

Retrieved March 15, 2011 at http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/maslow.htm
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Maslow the Life of a

Words: 1045 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29870597



A key element to Maslow's hierarchy of needs is that it is a hierarchy, namely that the baser needs must be satisfied before the higher needs can be met. A salesperson scrabbling to make a living might be willing, to satisfy his or her physiological needs, to sell anything to anyone, even encourage someone to go into dangerous debt with a mortgage he or she can ill-afford to buy an overpriced or unsuitable house. A person who lives in an unsafe community might enter into such an agreement, to earn enough money for his or her own immediate self-interest to move out of that community. The foolishness of buying a home on such a basis in the long-term is difficult to appreciate when short-term needs are not met on a physical level. Only when the salesperson's bestial instincts of food and shelter and safety are satisfied can he or she…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gwynne, Robert. (1997) Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. http://web.utk.edu/~gwynne/maslow.HTM
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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs in Determining the

Words: 311 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41965755

Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs

In determining the most appropriate and effective means of motivating people within an organization, especially when its members are mostly salespersons, it is essential to turn to Abraham Maslow's discussion of an individual's hierarchy of needs. His model and theory of needs illustrates that an individual has the "innate tendency towards growth; s/he is basically trustworthy, self-protecting, and self-governing" (Griffin, 1994:125). In his hierarchy, Maslow identifies physiological needs as the most basic need, categorized as 'deficiency needs.' On the topmost part of the hierarchy is self-actualization, considered by the theorist as 'being needs.' Maslow grants both kinds of needs as essential to the individual. However, he emphasizes that people's primary goal is to achieve being needs, which necessitates going through the bottom part of the hierarchy, which is satisfying one's physiological needs. In an organization of salespeople, satisfying the basic needs of the members such as…… [Read More]

Work cited

Griffin, E. (1994). A first look at communication theory. NY: McGraw-Hill Inc.
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Maslow Elder Applying Maslow's Hierarchy

Words: 622 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44186021

This need can also be defined as a "need to know," and in fact showing individuals in elder care facilities the respect they deserve by explaining the structure, policies, schedules, and other aspects of care so that individuals know how their world is organized is a surprisingly rare occurrence in many elder care facilities (Huitt 2007; ECO 2010). Providing these simple explanations can fill cognitive needs, as can allowing freedom to pursue ongoing learning through reading and discussion and classes as mentioned above. Some freedom in decorative aspects of private rooms and engagement in art projects, music events, and even simply ensuring that every individual in the care facility has access to music and other entertainment sources that they particularly enjoy will help to fulfill the aesthetic needs of individuals, and this can also have tremendous impacts on some of the lower-level needs of individuals in elder care facilities (ECO…… [Read More]

References

ECO. (2010). Elder Care Options. Accessed 9 November 2010.  http://www.eldercareoptions.org/ 

Huitt, W. (2007). Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Accessed 9 November 2010.  http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/regsys/maslow.html
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Maslow's Models in His Experiments

Words: 3835 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94561422

Maslow gave them that self-meaning and appreciation and became one of the pioneers of a movement that brought the focus of individual feeling, yearning and wholeness into psychology. He sort of read them out and spoke their thoughts, feelings and aspirations for them. He devoted much energy to humanistic psychology and the human potential and inaugurated the "fourth force" in psychology towards the end of his life. The first force consisted of Freud and other depth psychologists; the second force, the behaviorists; his own humanism and European existentialism, the third. This fourth force was made up of transpersonal psychologies that derived from European philosophies, which examined meditation, higher consciousness levels and para-psychological phenomena and which reacted against the then dominant psychoanalysis and behaviorism schools of the 20th century. Among the most prominent European philosophers were Kierkegaard, Husserl and Heidegger and the most prominent in the humanist/existential group were Carl Rogers,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Beneckson, Robert E Personality Theory. Florida International University.  http://vorlon1.com/PersonalityTheory2b.htm 

Boeree, George C. Motivation and Personality by Abraham Maslow. Understanding Human Motivation. Personality Theory, 1970

http://www.psy.pdx.edu/PsiCafe/KeyTheorists/Maslow.htm

Dickinson, Dee. Revisiting Maslow. Transforming Education: New Horizons for Learning, 2002. http://www.newhorizons.org/trans/dickinsonmaslow.htm
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Maslow's Hierarchy

Words: 2108 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48609101

Nursing

In the pantheon of nursing theories, borrowed theories are those that derive from other disciplines and have been adapted to the nursing context. Many such borrowed theories come from the different social sciences, such as psychology or sociology, because they directly reflect critical issues in care such as human nature and the role of human interactions in well-being. One could apply religious theories to care for religious people, and it is possible even to consider things like motivational theories as well, if the nurse is trying to motivate the patient (for example, to change behavior as a means of changing health outcomes). Borrowed theories have perhaps received less study than either grand theories or mid-level theories, but they are nevertheless an important source of insight for the nursing educator, and it is important to understand the theory, where it comes from, and how it has been adapted to apply…… [Read More]

Villarruel, A., Bishop, T., Simpson, E., Jemmott, L. & Fawcett, J. (2001). Borrowed theories, shared theories and the advancement of nursing knowledge. Nursing Science Quarterly. Vol. 14 (2) 158-163.

Zalenski, R. & Raspa, R. (2006). Maslow's hierarchy of needs: A framework for achieving human potential in hospice. Journal of Palliative Medicine. Vol. 9 (5) 1120-1127.

Zhan, L. (2000). Cognitive adaptation and self-consistency in hearing-impaired older persons: Testing Roy's adaptation model. Nursing Science Quarterly. Vol. 13 (2) 158-165.
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Maslow's Needs

Words: 2001 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64615189

Reframing Organizations

Common sense suggests that pay is a good motivator. The logic is: "You get what you pay for."

Provide examples of three different career tracks where people clearly are not focused on earning high pay.

For each of your examples. Describe what the key motivators are.

Farm workers/Laborers

Cesar Chavez once said that, (Farm workers) are responsible for the planting, cultivating as well as harvesting huge amounts of food for the whole society. They are responsible for the production of such large amounts of food that it can feed the whole country and can be exported as well. The tragic and ironic thing here is that at the end of the day these farmers don't have enough food left to keep for themselves. They don't even have sufficient amounts of money after all this hard work.

Sadly, this is the kind of paradox that has always been there…… [Read More]

Bibliography

(2013). Retrieved from managementstudyguide.com:  http://www.managementstudyguide.com/maslows-hierarchy-needs-theory.htm 

Baldwin, S. (2007). Motivating Staff. U.S.: Exchange. Retrieved from:  http://www.center-school.org/ocdel/online/documents/movitatingstaff.pdf 

Birch, L.L., D.W. Marlin, and J. Rotter. (1984). Eating as the 'Means' Activity in a Contingency: Effects on Young Children's Food Preference. Child Development 55(2, Apr): 431-439. EJ 303-231.

Deci, E.L., and R.M. Ryan.(1985). Intrinsic Motivation And Self-Determination In Human Behavior. New York: Plenum.
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American Beauty and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Words: 1358 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87787756

American Beauty and Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs

Abraham Maslow established the theory of a hierarchy of needs, believing that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs, and that certain lower needs must be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied (Maslow's pp).

Rather than studying the neurotic or mentally ill, Maslow studied exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglas to determine how they came to be successful (Maslow's pp). Unlike Skinner and Freud, he believed that people are "basically trustworthy, self-protecting, and self-governing...and that humans tend toward growth and love" (Maslow's pp).

Maslow felt that although there is a continuous cycle of negativity, such as wars, murder, and deceit, he believed that violence is not what human nature is meant to be like, and occurs only because of and when human needs are thwarted (Maslow's pp). In other words, people defend themselves by violent means, only…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Beauty." Director: Sam Mendes. Dreamworks. 1999.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. http://web.utk.edu/~gwynne/maslow.HTM
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iPod Apple's MP3 Player Relates to Maslow's

Words: 1692 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14301061

iPod (Apple's MP3 player) relates to Maslow's hierarchy of human needs.

Abraham Maslow created his theory of a hierarchy of human needs in the late 1960's and early 1970's. The psychologist wrote that human beings are primarily motivated by unsatisfied needs. Certain lower needs must be satisfied before higher needs are satisfied. (Maslow, 1970) Advertising new products often depends upon generating a sense of need, and promising that the new product can fulfill this need.

Take for example the Apple's new MP3 player, the iPod. True, on a Maslow-like physiological level, the first level of need, one cannot eat an iPod, and a less mechanical form of 'apple' is necessary for sustenance, iPods do satisfy the consumer's immediate physical needs for lighter equipment. iPods are portable and more amenable to working out, and for musical use on crowded subway, and the crush and strain of modern urban life. The iPod…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Mahr, Jackson. (2004) "HP & iPod." Branding.com. Retrieved 24 Mar 2005 at http://www.brandchannel.com/features_profile.asp?pr_id=205

Nixon, Paul. (2005) "Apple's Tipping Point: Macs for Masses." Retrieved 24 Mar 2005 at http://www.nixlog.com/archives/2005/01/12_apples_tipping_point_macs_for_the_masses_infographic.php
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Consumer Behavior Models Decision Making Model Maslow's

Words: 691 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42565714

Consumer Behavior Models:

Decision making model, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Freudian Theory, Non- Freudian theory, trait theory, learning process models

Do consumers mainly use logical or emotional thinking when making decisions? This is the essential problem with which all marketers must grapple. Some models of consumer behavior, such as the seven-step decision model, suggest that consumers make decisions very logically, carefully weighing the pros and cons. Others suggest that when consumers make decisions about purchases, they do so in an instinctual fashion, based upon emotions.

The seven-step decision model suggests that people make decisions by first identifying the exact nature of the decision (like buying a new pair of sneakers); assessing personal priorities (such as fashion vs. functionality); identifying their options (Nike vs. New Balance); gathering information and data (talking to someone at a running store or simply talking to their friends); evaluating their options; selecting the best option; and…… [Read More]

References

How to use the 7 step decision-making model. (2011). Decision making confidence. Retrieved March 26, 2011 at  http://www.decision-making-confidence.com/7-step-decision-making-model.html 

Jean, E. (1999). Cognitive dissonance theory. Meta-Discourses. Retrieved March 26, 2011 at http://www.colorado.edu/communication/meta-discourses/Papers/App_Papers/Jean.htm

Maslow's hierarchy of needs. (2010). Honolulu College. Teacher's Guidebook.

Retrieved March 26, 2011 at http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/maslow.htm
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Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet Abraham

Words: 318 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45544846

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet

Abraham Maslow proposed the _humanistic__ theory of personality.

According to Maslow, self-fulfillment and realization of one's full potential are examples of _self-actualization____ needs.

Maslow's hierarchy of needs proposes that _lower____ needs must be satisfied before ____higher____ needs will become motivators for behavior.

The belief that matter evolves from simpler to more complex forms is formative tendency.

The _actualizing tendency, according to Rogers, is one's view of self as one wishes to be.

Carl Rogers believed that conditions of worth, incongruence, defensiveness, and disorganization are all considered _shattered self-concept__.

7. Rogers believed that ____empathy____, ____unconditional positive regard____, and ____congruence____ are necessary elements of psychotherapy.

8. ____Intentionality____ is the structure that gives meaning to experience and allows people to make decisions about the future.

9. May proposed that __self-awareness____ is the freedom of action, whereas _essential freedom____ is the freedom of being.

10. The basic concepts…… [Read More]

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Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet Abraham

Words: 462 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72938416

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet

Abraham Maslow proposed the Hierarchy of needs theory of personality.

According to Maslow, self-fulfillment and realization of one's full potential are examples of self-actualization needs.

Maslow's hierarchy of needs proposes that basic needs must be satisfied before secondary/higher level needs will become motivators for behavior.

The belief that matter evolves from simpler to more complex forms is evolution.

The ideal self according to Rogers, is one's view of self as one wishes to be.

Carl Rogers believed that conditions of worth, incongruence, defensiveness, and disorganization are all considered undifferentiated.

Rogers believed that counselor congruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathy are necessary elements of psychotherapy.

Intentionality is the structure that gives meaning to experience and allows people to make decisions about the future.

May proposed that existential freedom is the freedom of action, whereas essential freedom is the freedom of being.

10. The basic concepts…… [Read More]

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Psychology History of Maslow Abraham

Words: 891 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48622001

Needs that are lower in the hierarchy must be fulfilled before each higher level is (Korman, 1974). According to Maslow, the first level consists of the physiological needs, such as hunger and thirst. This must be fulfilled before any other level. The next level consists of security needs, which can become determinants of behavior. Examples of security needs include physical, financial, and even political or social stability. The third level consists of social needs, such as the need for love and social affiliation (DeCatanzaro, 1999). The forth level consists of self-esteem needs, which come from productive and useful work or success in many endeavors. Finally, the last level consists of the drive for self-actualization, which is our highest need, such as fulfilling personal potentials and talents. The meaning of the term self-actualization is very abstract and vague; however, it has been said that in the drive for self-actualization, we seek…… [Read More]

References

DeCatanzaro, D. (1999). Motivation and emotion. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Korman, A. (1974). The psychology of motivation. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Maslow, A. (1970). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
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Major Theories in Work Motivation

Words: 1785 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77750945

Maslow's Hierarchy

The below triangle and framework has been in place since the 1940's. It was first put forth in 1943 and was later updated, also by Maslow, a little over a decade later in 1954. The triangle or pyramid is constructed in such a way that the more "basic" and major needs are lower down the chain and the lesser but yet still worthy of mention needs are higher up. Indeed, basic needs, like the first two levels mentioned, are going to go get the most attention from any given person. However, the needs that are higher up the pyramid will get attention as well. The idea is that, to one degree or another, all of the needs on the pyramid influence our motivation or actions to one degree or another.

Physiological

There are five different needs when it comes to the Maslow hierarchy. They are depicted in picture…… [Read More]

References

BBC. (2017). Abraham Maslow and the pyramid that beguiled business - BBC News. BBC News. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from  http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-23902918 

CM. (2017). Maslow's Hierarchy. Changingminds.org. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from  http://changingminds.org/explanations/needs/maslow.htm 

EPI. (2017). Educational Psychology Interactive: Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Edpsycinteractive.org. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from  http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/conation/maslow.html 

LT. (2017). MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS. Learning-theories.com. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from  https://www.learning-theories.com/maslows-hierarchy-of-needs.html
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Analyzing Motivational Theories

Words: 2495 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51234336

MASLOW'S THOEY VS. HULL'S THEOY

Integrating Two Theories of Motivational Psychology

Maslow Hierarchy of needs vs. Hull's Drive eduction Theory

Motivation is common term, but it is not easily defined. This is due to the many studies, which provide different definitions for the term. While some define it as a set of beliefs, values, interests, others define it as a cognitive decision making process. For this paper, motivation is central to a set of processes, which induce, direct, and maintain actions towards an objective. It is not similar to job performance, but it is a contributor to job performance (Linder, 1980). Motivation is a crucial component in the workplace, which explains why organizations are borrowing concepts from the motivation theories. There are many motivational theories, but they either fall under the content or process categories. Content theories assume that individuals have similar needs, and process theories emphasize the importance of…… [Read More]

References

Brewer, E.W., & McMahan-Landers, J. (2003). Job satisfaction among industrial and technical teacher educators. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 40(2), 65.

Benson, S.G., & Dundis, S.P. (2003). Understanding and motivating health care employees:

integrating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, training and technology. Journal of nursing management, 11(5), 315-320.

Jensen, R. (2006). Behaviorism, latent learning, and cognitive maps: Needed revisions in introductory psychology textbooks. Behavior analysis fall, 29(2), 187-209.
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Govern the Extent to Which We Thrive

Words: 1976 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19359696

govern the extent to which we thrive as human beings. Our survival has been contingent on the fulfillment of needs since the moment we were born. Abraham Maslow saw great importance and significance in the fulfillment of human needs and created an entire theoretical perspective based in these needs. Everyone, including myself, is a product of the fulfillment, or lack of fulfillment, of certain needs. Essentially, our physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual health and well-being depend upon certain needs being met.

Maslow's theory rests in the concept that certain needs must be tended to and fulfilled prior to other needs. Furthermore, physiological needs must be established before safety needs, safety needs before belongingness needs, and belongingness needs before esteem needs, and finally all of these needs prior to self-actualization (Poston, 2009). These needs were arranged by Maslow in a pyramid, with physiological needs at the bottom and self-actualization at the…… [Read More]

Reference

Poston, B. (2009). An exercise in personal exploration: Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The Surgical Technologist, August, 347-53.
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William Jefferson Clinton the 42nd

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14434905



Maslow also argues that after a person meets their basic survival needs, they will begin to self-actualize (Maslow, 1999). This means that they will now become concerned with an increase of tension related to their own achievements, goals, and behavior. If Clinton had felt that his physical and psychological needs had not been met, then his main concern would have been tension reduction. Tension reduction would have likely resulted in a lack of sexual desire for other women that could result in tension in his marriage. But since Clinton's basic survival needs were satisfied, he was able to seek out relationships and behaviors that would implicitly likely create more tension, and serve to try and satisfy the need for achievement and self-actualization.

By definition, Maslow's need for self-actualization, sometimes referred to as growth-motivation, cannot be satisfied (Maslow, 1999). People try to enhance their lives instead of their survival, and often…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Maslow, Abraham H. (1998) Maslow on Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Maslow, Abraham H. (1999) Toward a Psychology of Being, 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

"William J. Clinton." (2009) the Official White House Homepage. Retrieved: December 10, 2009, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamjClinton.
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The Humanistic Theory and Relationship to Learning

Words: 1564 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63696321

Elucidating Abraham Maslow and His Theory

Learning theories influence today's instructional systems. Emerging studies point towards a dearth of efficiency in the educational systems. Apparently, humanistic psychology is a third force in most fields among them educational psychology (Gonzalez-DeHass & Willems, 2013). However, while the root of most pioneer and most recent approaches in education is humanistic psychology, there is a lack of a comprehensive humanistic learning theory. Therefore, numerous theorists have tried to explain how people learn, for instance, constructivists, humanists, cognitivists, and behavioralists. The following study focuses on Maslow's concept of humanism learning theory which holds that learning is intrinsic and its goal is to generate some aspect of self-actualization.

Humanistic learning theory is a concept popularized by Abraham Maslow and Carl ogers, which highlights the human capacity for growth and choice (Poetter et al. 2004). Here, the basic assumption is that human beings possess free will and…… [Read More]

References

Gonzalez-Dehass, A. R., & Willems, P. P. (2013). Theories in Educational Psychology: Concise Guide to Meaning and Practice. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Education

Legge, K., & Harari, P. (2000). Psychology and Education. Oxford: Heinemann.

Mangal, S. K. (2007). Essentials of Educational Psychology. New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India

Maslow, A. H. (2012). A Theory of Human Motivation.
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Marketing Channels and Methods

Words: 2664 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16942492

Marketing Channels and Methods -- the New Svelte Shape of McDonald's

Objectives & Mission Statement

Although McDonald's latest advertising slogan, as proclaimed on its 2005 website, is "I'm lovin' it," (McDonald's Official ebsite, 2005), shareholders in the fast food company have not be equally enamored of its current stock performance and plummeting sales. (The Rogue Investor, 2005) Thus, the objectives of the new McDonald's marketing campaign must be to undo some of the economic and public relations damage done to the company by the negative press generated by the success of Morgan Spurlock's film 'Supersize Me.' Over the course of the year, McDonald's wishes to gain a greater percentage of the revenue of the current fast food market than its most prominent burger-oriented competitors endy's and Burger King. McDonald's also wishes to gain some of the type of positive media as generated by the sandwich chain Subway. The Subway Diet…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bauman, Valerie. (11 Aug 2005) "People try to lose weight at McDonalds." AP Wire. Accessed on AOL on 22 Aug 2005 at http://aolsvc.news.aol.com/news/article.adp?id=20050811163009990002

Burger King. (2005) Official Website. Retrieved 11 Sept 2005 at http://www.haveityourway.com/

Collins, Luke. (2002) "Chips are down for Burger Giants" MCD: McDonald's Corporation News and Articles. Retrieved 27 Aug 2005 at http://www.licenseenews.com/news/news134.html

Daft, R.L. (1997). Management. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press.
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Comparison of Three Categories of Motivation Theory

Words: 946 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42185921

Organizational Psychology - Motivation

Landy and Conte (2013) define industrial-organizational psychology as "the application of psychological principles, theory, and research to the work setting" (p. 7). A prominent line of research in industrial-organizational psychology is the study of worker motivation. Over many decades, as management theory has developed, several philosophical and psychological strands have emerged, and are often referred to as: 1) Person as machine; 2) person as scientist, and 3) person as intentional.

Person as Machine

Theory X managers are known to take "the carrot and the stick" approach to supervision since they believe that people work only for the monetary compensation, which means that coercion, threat, and punitive measures must be used to extract efficient workplace effort from employees. Manifestations of Theory X management include high levels of mistrust between employees and employers, and a tendency of management to blame workers for inefficiencies or mistakes rather than looking…… [Read More]

References

Buckingham, M. And Clifton, D.O. (2001). Now, Discover Your Strengths Hardcover. New York, NY: Free Press (a Simon & Schuster imprint)

Kanfer, R. (2009). Work motivation: Identifying use-inspired research directions. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2(1), 118-127. doi: 10.1111/j.1754

34.2008.01120.x

Landy, F.J., & Conte, J.M. (2013). Work in the 21st century: An introduction to industrial and organizational psychology (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
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Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality

Words: 1254 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58448739

Biological & Humanistic Approach to Personality

Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs follows two distinct categories: deficiency motive, which include needs that must be fulfilled in order to move a person towards self-actualization (Burger, 2008). An example of deficiency needs would be basic needs like hunger or being safe. The second category is growth needs, which include a person progressing towards their unique potential, as well as giving love in an unselfish manner (Burger, 2008). For the purposes of this essay, growth needs will be discussed at length. The official hierarchy of needs follows a pyramid, with the bottom need being physiological needs like hunger and thirst; and up the pyramid with safety needs like protection or structure; belongingness and love needs like finding a mate or being close to someone; esteem needs like finding respect in ones work; and, lastly, the need for self-actualization, where a person fulfills their true…… [Read More]

References

Burger, J.M. (2008). Personality. (7th ed., pp. 299-301). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Burger, J.M. (2011). Personality. (8th ed., pp. 223-225). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=bZY7I2_8yRMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=personality&hl=en&ei=BP7nTt3TEeSNsQLM2930AQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAA

Buss, D.M. (1990). Toward a biologically informed psychology of personality. . Journal
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Biological Humanistic Approaches Personality The Paper Cover

Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11424023

biological humanistic approaches personality. The paper cover areas. *Use Maslow's hierarchy discuss extent growth influence personality formation. *Describe biological factors influence formation personality.

Biological and humanistic approaches to personality:

An overview of the debate

Biological theories have become increasingly popular in the field of psychology, as scientists seek to understand the roots of human behavior. Several reasons are at the heart of this shift in emphasis from 'nurture' to 'nature': the first is our expanding knowledge of neuropsychology and how different components of the brain affect behavior. A change in the physical matter or the environment of the brain can result in a change in personality. The second is the expansion of psychopharmacology, whereby aspects of the human character once thought beyond conscious control, such as hyperactivity or a tendency towards melancholy, can be shifted when medications change the individual's brain chemistry. Finally, changes in behavior are evident at different…… [Read More]

References

Cherry, Kendra. (2012). Hierarchy of needs.

http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/hierarchyneeds.htm

Coccaro, Emil F. & Larry J. Siever. (2008). The neuropsychopharmacology of personality disorders. Psychopharmacology: The Fourth Generation of Progress,

Davidson, Richard. (n.d). Towards a biology of personality and emotion. Annals New York
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Psychological Theories It Uses 3 Sources and

Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36035897

psychological theories. It uses 3 sources and is in MLA format.

Psychologists have researched personality disorders and have formulated different theories presenting their own reasoning established via comprehensive research over a lifetime. I have attempted to draw similarities and contrasts between the psychoanalytical theory of Sigmund Freud and social cognition theory of Carl ogers. They are both known figures in the field of psychoanalysis. Both the theories are logical and applicable in varied circumstances.

Personality disorders stem from the fact that personal satisfaction is not achieved due to the societal norms that humans have entrapped themselves in. Dissatisfaction creates conflicts and thus anxieties occur which cause personality disorders.

Discussion

Sigmund Freud was a one of the most eminent psychologists of all times. Freud is termed as the father of psychoanalysis. His theory of psychoanalysis entails the conscious and the unconscious. The conscious is what we are aware of like one's…… [Read More]

References

1.Boeree, George, 2002. Abraham Maslow. Theories of Personality. Accessed 4th Dec 2003:

http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/maslow.html, 2. Boeree, George, 2002. Sigmund Freud. Theories of Personality. Accessed 4th Dec 2003: http://www.ship.edu/%7Ecgboeree/freud.html, accessed 4th Dec 2003.

3. Monte, Christopher, Beneath The Mask.

Dr. Boeree, George, 2002, http://www.ship.edu/%7Ecgboeree/freud.html, accessed 4th Dec 2003.
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Organizational Behavior and Teamwork

Words: 9355 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50662786

Management

Organizational Behavior and Teamwork

CASE ASSIGNMENT

Southwest Airlines, Inc. has become an example of notable success. One reason for its significant achievement is its application of Reinforcement Theory to its employees. These applications have resulted in a highly motivated workforce, which is intimately tied to Southwest's success among business leaders. Even so, not even Southwest can satisfy its employees' needs according to Maslow's Hierarchy; rather, Southwest can only give some raw materials for satisfying those needs.

Are Southwest Airlines Inc. leadership and policies fulfilling Maslow's Needs Theory stages?

Abraham Maslow's 5-stage needs theory, developed in the United States during the 1940's and 1950's (Chapman, Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, 2010), includes the following stages: biological and physiological needs; safety needs; belongingness and love needs; esteem needs; and self-actualization (Chapman, Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, 2010). The most basic needs that are basic to survival and are at the bottom…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Careers. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www.thecoca-colacompany.com Web site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/careers/career_opportunities.html

Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Sustainability. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www.thecoca-colacompany.com Web site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/ourcompany/index.html

Erdogan, B., & Bauer, T. (2010). Organizational behavior. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from students.flatworldknowledge.com Web site: http://students.flatworldknowledge.com/bookhub/study/4?e=

IWon. (n.d.). Careers. Retrieved on October 24, 2012 from www1.iwon.com Web site: http://www1.iwon.com/home/careers/company_profile/0,15623,1310,00.html
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Moral or Ethical Difference if

Words: 2029 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39412545

(2001, October 1) Self-esteem at work, Psychology Today, etrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200310/self-esteem-work

6. Describe the needs present in Maslow's hierarchy. How can organizations attempt to meet these needs so that employees are motivated to produce more work? Discuss the answer in detail.

According to Abraham Maslow (1970), there is a hierarchy of needs that define human development. These are: Basic Needs (food, shelter, clothing), Safety, Love and Belonging, Skill Accomplishment and Self-Actualization. In Maslow's view, as each need becomes adequately satisfied, the next highest need becomes dominant. The first three are deficiency needs because they must be satisfied if the individual is to be healthy and secure. The last two are growth needs because they are related to the development and achievement of one's potential (Maslow, 1970). In Maslow's view, as long as we are motivated to satisfy our deficiency needs, then we are moving in a positive direction towards personal…… [Read More]

References

Maslow, a., (1970) Motivation and personality, 2nd ed., Harper & Row (orig. 1954)
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Aloud or in Writing Making

Words: 17261 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71062622

Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.

2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.

3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.

4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.

Introduction

The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in…… [Read More]

References

Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.

Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.

Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.

Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
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Multicultural Workforce Establishing an Overseas

Words: 4148 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52204953

Outsourced employees should be limited to filling non-critical areas of need. They should be used to alleviate the load on regular employees, rather than to replace them. They will fill in non-essential positions, leaving full-time employees to fill the more sensitive security roles.

Strategic planning will be an ongoing process, rather than a single event that is a part of the initial phases of the process. Security issues are constantly emerging and evolving. In order to remain an effective deterrent to harm, one must stay informed and keep one's staff informed of the changes that occur. An informed staff will be the most effective in spotting and reporting threats before they become problematic. The strategic security plan will be one of continuous monitoring and improvement. Security audits will be a part of this strategic planning cycle. Training and regular staff briefing will round out the security planning sessions.

Leadership

Leadership…… [Read More]

References

Boeree, G. (2006). Abraham Maslow. Personality Theories. Retrieved September 18, 2007 at  http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/maslow.html .

A www.informaworld.com http://www.articlestree.com/management/personnel-management-to-hrm-maslow-s-theory-tx307537.html.

Overseas Security Advisory Council (2007) Guidelines for American Enterprises abroad, OSAC Publication, World wide 1 Jun 2005, Chapter 1 through chapter 7..

Te, H. (n.d.). Attitude toward the self. Retrieved September 18, 2007 at http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Den/5908/values/attitude.html.
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Alderfer's Erg Theory as a

Words: 2017 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3102041

The researches in this direction have confirmed that engagement in goal-setting and acceptance of the goals are crucial for the assurance of the goal and job. Moreover, monitoring the stages of attainment of goal is also crucial for imparting motivation. While an employee is not attaining timely and accurate feedback on performance it is quite difficult in assessing the behaviors for continuance in the direction of achieving the goals in subsequently. It is again pertinent to note that goals themselves are not reinforcing. The motivation is perceived to have resulted from the discontentment of what is accomplished and what was set earlier for accomplishment. Such shortfalls imbibe people to work harder for achieving better pursuits subsequently. (Goal Setting Theory)

The importance of the goal setting theory stems from its focus on motivation in work fronts and on the core characteristics of a successful and effective goal or aim. The performance…… [Read More]

References

Big Dog's Leadership Page - Human Behavior. May 17, 2000. Retrieved at  http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadhb.html . Accessed on 10 February, 2005

ERG Theory. Retrieved at http://www.envisionsoftware.com/articles/ERG_Theory.html. Accessed on 10 February, 2005

ERG Theory. Retrieved at  http://www.netmba.com/mgmt/ob/motivation/erg/ . Accessed on 10 February, 2005

Goal Setting Theory. Retrieved at  http://www.siop.org/Instruct/Motivate/sld007.htm . Accessed on 10 February, 2005
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Psychological Study of Personality Psychoanalytic

Words: 1813 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60715447



andura's social cognitive theory is similar with Skinner's behaviorist theory, in so far as the role of the external environment on the individual is concerned. However, andura's theory differs from Skinner's in that the former extended the relationship between the individual and external environment to include, at the same time, the influence that the individual's behavior has on his/her external environment. andura's theory illustrates a seemingly 'reciprocal' relationship between the individual and the external environment: the latter affects the former in exchange for a positive outcome, while the former affects the latter as part of his/her continuous cycle of personality development (424).

From the discussion of these three perspectives of the psychology of human personality, significant differences that highlight the importance of each tradition emerge.

The humanistic tradition looks into the internal traits of the individual, positing that these internal traits are what ultimately shape the personality of a person.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Buber, M. And C. Rogers. (1997). The Martin Buber-Carl Rogers Dialogue: A New Transcript with Commentary. Albany: University of New York Press.

Freedheim, D. And I. Weiner. (2003). Handbook of Psychology, Volume 1: History of Psychology. NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Santrock, J. (2001). Psychology. NY: McGraw-Hill.
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Psychological Analysis Barrack Obama Analysis

Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64402288

However, his sense of self-respect is rendered incomplete because of his father. The struggle he experienced demonstrated this and though it did not define his whole being as he is now, it was the primary component in his life that made it a challenge to meet his need for esteem.

2. As the current president of the United States, Obama can be said as a successful person. However, it cannot be said that he is fulfilled and has achieved self-actualization. The absence of a father figure in Obama's life remains a struggle in his life that could determine his successful realization for self-actualization.

3. Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs demonstrates how individual needs are categorized by levels and are comprised of different factors that may or may not apply to the individual. Using the Hierarchy of Needs alone, the theory cannot explain fully Obama's psyche, personality and behavior. Maslow's theory…… [Read More]

References

Barak Obama. (2012). Biography. Retrieved: http://www.biography.com/people/barack-obama-12782369

MacFarquhar, Larissa. (2007). The conciliator. The New Yorker. Retrieved: http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/05/07/070507fa_fact_macfarquhar#ixzz1pbLlZHPI
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Leadership and Teams Based on

Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29712159

High-performance teams are self-directed and empowered to achieve powerful results in a very short period of time. Team members will learn and grow as they work together.

Negative team members or malcontents are individuals who will come into the process already with a bad attitude and not agree with anything that is suggested. This can bring the entire team down. It is up to the team leader to reinforce the strengths of this individual and the purpose for his/her role on the team. The person should have the opportunity to address his/her concerns with an objective and non-judgmental environment. The leader should ask the person to give three reasons that are of most concern. Then narrow it to two, and finally to one. Then the leader can transfer to a more positive approach and ask the person to give ways to address the concerns. Positive group members keep an open…… [Read More]

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Crabb's Book Effective Biblical Counseling and the

Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32399667

Crabb's book, Effective Biblical Counseling and the theories presented there. This paper will examine how Crabb treats some of the more popular theories in the book and how he is able to summarize them for the reader -- largely accomplishing this in a very accessible manner.

For instance, Crabb's treatment of Abraham Maslow's theory of classical needs hierarchy is extremely astute and user-friendly. Crabb explains how the need on the lowest rung of the hierarchy needs to be met and completed in order for the individual to be able to have sufficient motivation to get the subsequent need met and so on (Crabb, 1986). According to these ideologies, the lowest needs are the physical ones: food, water and comparable needs -- these are the needs that the organism must fulfill in order to survive (Crabb, 1986). The following need is the need of security, which encompasses a general sense and…… [Read More]

References

Crabb, L. (1986). Effective Biblical Counseling. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing.
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Marketing Business GRADE11 Marketing Business

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46749415

Marketing / Business

Grade11 Marketing / Business Activity

Activity 1: Braun Pocket Radio

Entertainment has always been the most integral and essential part of lives of people regardless of the demographics, socio economical backgrounds, or age groups. The form of entertainment has evolved over a period of time with the evolution in technology. One of the most common and popular form of entertainment is music. Music lovers exist around the world and in every age group. hile the music listening equipment dates back to the huge gramophone and radio, with the evolution in technology and industrial revolution, smaller and more portable equipments were invented. There came a time when the bigger equipments were replaced by the small portable radios.

Talking about the 1960s, it was known as one of the first most hip fashion eras. The fashion scene was influenced by major fashion hubs around the world. Besides clothing and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abraham Maslow -- Maslow Hierarchy of Needs. Ict-learning now. 11 November 2010. Web. 10 January 2011.

1960's Braun Products Holds Secret to Apple's Products. Gizmodo. 14 January 2008. Web. 10 January 2011.

Rewind the Fifties. Loti.com. Web.10 January 2011.

Apple Classics and their 1960s ancestors. Guardian. 16 January 2008. Web. 10 January 2011
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U S Army Utilizing the Human

Words: 2504 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20262365



iii) Appraisals

Appraisals are precision indicators that enable managers to rat their organizational and managerial performance. The appraisal of the U.S. army is not only regarded in America, but also globally. The respect shown to them is due to the worth of sacrifice and zeal in achieving their objective of protecting America. These appraisals enhance the assessment of its performance and enhance the career development of the soldiers. The HR Model encompasses such human practices of appraisal in the army through three ways, the Critical Incident Method, Paired Comparisons and from Peer Reviews. These appraisal techniques form the fundamental part of personal management.

Appraisal from the Critical Incident methods involves the identification and description of events where a soldier has exemplifies exceptional work or needs to improve. Supervisors records incidents of interest to improving the work experience. hether on the training ground or operational assignments, commanders recognize and correct soldiers…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bernard, Rostker. Human Resource Models: An Overview. Center for Naval Analyses, Vol 370, pp 1-20, 1982.

Cook, D. & Mechner, F. Fundamentals of Programmed Instruction. In (S. Margulies & L. Eigen Eds.), Applied Programmed Instruction. London: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1962.

Gary, Kress, Batia, Sharon and David, Bassan. Work Motivation: Theory and Practice. U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, pp 2-92, 1981.

Jafari, Mostafa, Atieh Bourouni and Roozbeh Hesam Amiri. A New Framework for Selection of the Best Performance Appraisal Method. European Journal of Social Sciences Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 92-100, 2009.
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Personality Development

Words: 700 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99876368

human personality is a complex process that has been tackled by a number of great psychologists, each with important contributions. Each theory outlined below offers something new to the study of personality, and as such, I feel that any "ultimate" theory of personality must try to incorporate the best parts of each theory.

Gordon Allport, along with Maslow and Rogers was one of the early humanists. He argued that the proprium, or sense of self was made up of seven different components that include sense of body, self-image, self-esteem, and rational coping. Carl Rogers was a humanistic theorist who felt that people have a basic "actualizing tendency" that drives all of their behaviors and thoughts. The personality, or "self" in Roger's terms is created by the sum of a person's conscious and unconscious experiences. Abraham Maslow's famed hierarchy of needs, in which he argues that all humans move toward self-actualization,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Boeree, George. Personality Theories. 10 December 2003. http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/perscontents.html

Hall, Calvin S., Lindzey, Gardner, Loehlin, John C. And Manosevitz, Martin. 1985. Introduction to Theories of Personality. Wiley.

Wikipedia. Edward O. Wilson. 10 December 2003. http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_O._Wilson
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Compensation Equity Via Equal and

Words: 1425 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49455145

If this were the case then the provisions of the Equal Pay Act might be of some assistance, although women's lower rates of payment might be explained by reference to factors such as age/work experience/seniority within the workplace or concentration in lower grades which might (but might not) be discrimination-free. Alternatively, women might be doing the same jobs as men, but doing them in female workplaces, with the effect that no comparison would be possible under the Equal Pay Act" (p. 215).

Essentially, what McColgan (1997) is implying is that there could be logical reasons for women earning fewer cents on the dollar than men, most of which have to do with women having spent less time in the workforce than men. While this logic might have applied in much of the last half of the twentieth century, our current generation has long passed the era when women were primarily…… [Read More]

References

Figart, D.M., Mutari, E. & Power, M. (2002) Living wages, Equal wages: Gender and labor market policies in the United States. New York: Routledge

Green, C. & Ferber, M. (2005, March) Do detailed work histories help to explain gender and race/ethnic wage differentials?, Review of Social Economy 63, 55-85.

Harvey C. & Allard, J.M. (2005). Understanding and managing diversity: readings, cases and exercises, 3rd Edition. Prentice Hall, New Jersey

Lengnick-Hall, M.L., Lengnick-Hall, C.A., Andrade, L.S. & Drake, B. (2009), Strategic human resource management: the evolution of the field, Human Resource Management Review,19(2),64-85.
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Personnel Management the Faulty Tank

Words: 1694 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70334910



6. Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Abraham Maslow constructed a pyramid of five levels, each level presenting the types of needs that motivate people. At the bottom level sit the physiological needs, followed by needs of safety, needs of loving, being loved and belonging to a community. At the fourth level sit the needs of esteem, followed by the needs of self-actualization. In order to maintain an organizational staff member motivated and satisfied on the job, it is necessary for the leadership team to strive and manage to satisfy as many of these needs as possible. Below are some pointers as to how the desiderate could be achieved:

Physiological needs -- the first thing is that of remunerating the employee in a means that allows him to exchange the salary for the purchase of primary commodities and services. The second thing is that of ensuring that the employee is able to…… [Read More]

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Saudi Workers in the Private

Words: 2097 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58976436



1) Education

2) Construction

3) Information Technology

4.3 Data collection method

I will distribute the following surveys to the employees and employers in my sample population. I will give them two weeks to complete the surveys, after which I will collect them and analyze them.

4.4 Sample size and sampling method

The sample size will be between 40-50 people. The sampling method include surveys as well as direct conversations. The employee surveys will gauge satisfaction with salary, job security, work environment, feedback, training, and other factors relating to job satisfaction. The employer surveys will ask employers to rate Saudi employees in areas such as work ethic, ability, attitude, and skills, especially as compared to workers of other nationalities.

4.5 Method of Data Analysis

The surveys should yield a set of simple, definite answers which be compared on the same criteria. The open-ended interviews should yield a deeper, more diverse set…… [Read More]

References:

Books

Maslow, Abraham. 1962. Towards a Psychology of Being, Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand

Maslow, Abraham. 1970. Motivation and Personality, 3rd ed. (1954) Chapter 6: Unmotivated Behavior. New York: Longman.

Cziksentmihalyi, Mihaly. 1990. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: Harper.
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Motivation in Workplace

Words: 449 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97189052

Employee Motivation

Motivation in the Workplace

The objective of this study is to examine motivation in the workplace with a focus on survival needs, security needs, belonging needs, respect needs, and fulfillment needs.

Motivation in the workplace is a subject of ongoing interest because employers desire to understand how to best motivate their workers to increase workplace productivity. A useful model in examining motivation in the workplace is that known as Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

Maslow's Hierarch of Needs

Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory is one that emphasizes "meeting each level of development before going on towards self-actualization. The level of needs proposed by Maslow include those as follows:

(1) material needs;

(2) safety;

(3) sense of belonging;

(4) love and friendship

(5) self-esteem; and (6) self-actualization. (Cruver-Plaza, 2009, p.1)

The following illustration shows the conception of the hierarchy of needs proposed by Maslow.

Figure 1

Maslow's Hierarchy of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Applying Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory of Motivation To Training (2012) Self-Growth. Retrieved from:  http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/Applying_Abraham_Maslow_s_Hierarchy_of_Needs_Theory_of_Motivation_to_Training.html 

Building a Better Workplace Through Motivation (2012) Kellogg's Case Study, Maslow. The Times 100 Business Case Studies. Retrieved from:  http://businesscasestudies.co.uk/kelloggs/building-a-better-workplace-through-motivation/maslow.html 

Cruver-Plaza, J. (2009) Employee Motivation, and Job Performance: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory Applied to Corporate Downsizing (2012) Employment Suite 101. Retrieved from: http://suite101.com/article/employee-motivation-and-job-performance

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (2012) NetMBA. Retrieved from:  http://www.netmba.com/mgmt/ob/motivation/maslow/
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Comparison of Humanistic Theory With Other Similar Theories

Words: 2182 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1658723

Humanistic Theory and Its Position Among Other Counseling Theories

Humanistic Theory

The obvious limitations associated with the Psychodynamic theories led to the adoption of the humanistic approach as a response to these limitations, especially in Psychoanalysis. People like Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers felt that the psychodynamic theories that were still in existence were unable to address certain important issues such as the nature of healthy growth and the meaning of behavior adequately. Nevertheless, the outcome was not just a new variation in the theory of psychodynamic, but rather, a new approach.

The Founders of the Accepted Theories

Carl Rogers

Carl Rogers wasn't just one of the several theorists who founded the Humanistic Approach, but possibly the most important therapist that lived in the 20th century. Several surveys, which include a number of surveys carried out after the death of Carl Rogers, discovered that several other therapists named Rogers as…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (U.S.). (1999). Brief Humanistic and Existential Therapies. In S.A. (U.S.), Brief Intervention and Brief Therapies For Substance Abuse. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (U.S.).

Cater, J. (2011). Combining Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Motivational Interviewing. La Jolla, CA.

McLeod, s.(2007).Humanism. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org-humanistic.html.

Chong, C.L., Ng, A.M., Ching, J.Y., Beh, J.H., & Lim, P.P. (2015). A Critical Comparison of t he Psychoanalytic and Humanistic Theory. New Hampshire: Southern New Hampshire University.
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Huge Research Project the Conflict of the

Words: 2178 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16829409

Huge esearch Project

The conflict of the individual vs. society is a timeless conflict that plagues each and every one of us. It is an integral part of our genetic make-up so that despite everything we as individuals need to be part of society as our need for interdependence is so great. And that is the reason why the conflict of individual and society persists with no panacea for it, and will continue to be a war waged with either one triumphing over the other as the situation warrants.

Freud's psychoanalytic theory might have stirred up a controversy, but it was able to aptly indicate the everyday conflict that man faces being part of the society. His theory with id as the primal instincts that humans follow, the ego as the regulator and the superego as the philanthropist has enabled us to pinpoint the probable causes of this ubiquitous conflict…… [Read More]

References

Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs motivational model. 2010. 6 December 2011 .

Ebert, Roger. "Forrest Gump." Chicago Sun-Times 6 July 1994.

Elliott, Anthony. Psychoanalytic Theory: An Introduction . North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2002 .

Maslin, Janet. "Forrest Gump Film Reiew; Tom Hanks as an Interloper in History ." New York Times 6 July 1994 .
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Management and Organizational Behaviour Why

Words: 3529 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48498629

Most personal activities are dependent upon the input of smaller groups like the immediate family or friends or cousins or colleagues which could include academic choices, outings, etc. Most social activities are founded around and are bound to the formation of a large group and the success of that group in working together whether it is in offices, industries, sports, NGOs, media, etc.

The deficiency of a firm foundation and structure of social needs does negatively affect an individual's social behavior and interaction with others. Some of the affects of the absence of social needs is that the individual can go through elements of frustration, loneliness and depression (Wahba & Bridgewell, 1976).

In Turner's case, the absence of the fulfillment of the social needs was the biggest factor that caused him to react the way that he did and behave the way that he did. As aforementioned, he came to…… [Read More]

References

A.H. Maslow, 1973, "A Theory of Human Motivation, Psychological Review," 50, 370-96.

Cwisfa; Khruschev, Vesh, 2002, "Maslow's Pyramid - a necessity?," 12, 15-17.

Herzberg, F., 1966, "Work and the Nature of Man," Cleveland: World Publishing.

Herzberg, F., Mausner, B. & Snyderman, B.B., 1959, "The Motivation to Work," John Wiley, New York.
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Diverse Nature of Psychology the Human Mind

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70500794

Diverse Nature of Psychology

The human mind is an incredibly complex tool. How it actually thinks and behaves is not always based on a single example, and thus there are clear elements of diversity within theoretical assumptions on how the mind works. Diversity is a crucial element to modern psychology and its various sub-categories. Modern psychology is heavily influenced by the extreme diversity found within its core concepts. There are a vast number of major concepts and sub-examples that differ enormously from one another and take their influence from other genres of study and the various findings of specific empirical research conclusions. Officially, there are four core "specialties," including clinical, counseling, school, and industrial / organizational psychology, although even these general topics are further diversified into more specific areas that highlight different findings and assumptions about man's position within modern society (Landrum 2010 p 13).

Therefore, there is great diversity…… [Read More]

References

Maslow, Abraham. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(40), 370-396. Web.  http://emotionalliteracyeducation.com/abraham-maslow-theory-human-motivation.shtml 

Landrum, R.E. & Davis, S.F. (2010). The psychology major: Career options and strategies for success (4th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
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Motivation in the Workplace

Words: 6253 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88271910

Workplace Motivation

This paper investigates the issue of motivation as it applies to an organizational setting.

The research regarding motivation in the workplace has been a major area of investigation that is of interest to corporate leaders, managers, organizational psychologists, and educators. The issue that this paper will discuss has to do with the particular factors that managers and leaders can address to increase the motivation of their workers to perform as well as to increase the job satisfaction levels of their employees. However, motivation is only one issue regarding increased productivity or increased job satisfaction; we would certainly think that at a basic level an employee would need a certain level of motivation to perform as well as the ability to actually do the job (as it turns out the research is consistent with this type of common-sense thinking). However, the actual types of interventions/activities that can be used…… [Read More]

References

Argyris, C. 1993, Knowledge for action: a guide to overcoming barriers to organizational change, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA.

Chien, J.C. 2013,'Examining Herzberg's Two Factor Theory in a large Chinese chemical fiber company' World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 78, no. 248, pp.1433-1438.

Gneezy, U. And Rustichini, A. 2000, 'Pay enough or don't pay at all', Quarterly Journal of Economics vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 791-810.

Hackman, J.R. And Oldham, G.R. 1980, Work redesign. Pearson Education Inc., Upper Saddle River, N.J.
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Leadership a Necessity for Success

Words: 1023 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41078381

Leadership in an Organization / Leadership: A Neessity for Suess

Leadership Styles

Supervision and Motivation

In the urrent global ompetitive environment, leadership plays a key role for the survival of businesses. As Peter Druker popularly delared, the differene between leadership and management is that the former refers to doing things right, while the latter refers to doing the right things. Great leaders possess a passion for hange, higher soial intelligene and most importantly, a vision that allows them to onentrate on the things that truly deserve to be prioritized. For one to be an effetive leader, he or she must possess a number of skills. Skills, suh as the ability to interat with others in suh a way to develop mutual respet, and to injet passion and motivate others, are usually highly sought after by exeutives. These skills enable one to effetively lead others. Different workplaes have many different leadership…… [Read More]

cited in Psychology today). "Leadership." Sussex Publishers, LLC. 2015. https://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=https://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/leadership&ei=xncdqG2k&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=101&ts=1446731100&sig=APONPFkVWxdf1ZdbddQ-xJybMr4Dh-xwbw

Skills you need. "Leadership Skills." 2015. http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://www.skillsyouneed.com/leadership-skills.html&ei=qW68k582&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=101&ts=1446741824&sig=APONPFkrhu0PaxvMiqLH2EZiAPNJtxfg0Q
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Psychology the Text Discusses Several

Words: 2699 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75926438

Self-Concept is what one believes about themselves. These beliefs stem from the notion of unconditional positive regard and conditional positive regard. Unconditional positive regard takes place when individuals, especially parents, demonstrate unconditional love. Conditioned positive regard is when that love seems to only come when certain conditions are met. ogers's theory states that psychologically healthy people enjoy life to the fullest and thus they are seen as fully functioning people (Humanistic Perspective, n.d.).

Abraham Maslow felt that individuals have certain needs that must be met in a hierarchical fashion. These needs are grouped from the lowest to the highest. These needs are seen as including basic needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, achievement needs, and ultimately, self-Actualization. According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, these needs must be achieved in order. This means that one would be unable to fulfill their safety needs if their physiological needs have not been…… [Read More]

References

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Survey Method. (2009). Retrieved September 28, 2009,

from Colorado State Web site:

http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/research/survey/com2d1.cfm

Anxiety Attacks and Disorders. (2008). Retrieved from Helpguide.org Web site:
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Motivate Individuals in the Non-Profit

Words: 2143 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98909739

Paul Minneapolis states that the conference asked three individuals to join the conference and to share "their experiences in guiding non-profit organizations to achieve greater results for the common good, whether it is in a new organization, organizations that have reached stability and are looking to move to a higher level, or organizations that are experiencing tough and challenging times." The speakers at this conference each offer what they believe defines the 'transformational' leader. One of the interviewees referred to as Mr. Graham states that transformational leaders are leaders who "do the right thing." (ennett, Dorsey, and Graham, 2006) the transformational leader is said to be the leader who has a 'vision' and who is able to communicate that vision with a passion. This conference greatly provides insight to the myriad of issues of leadership that are inclusive in the non-profit organizational repertoire of necessary skills for the organization's leader.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (2007) Human Relations Contributors. Employee Motivation, the Organizational Environment and Productivity. ACCEL Team. Online available at  http://www.accel-team.com/human_relations/hrels_02_maslow.html 

Bennett, Stephen; Dorsey, Cheryl; and Graham, John H. (2006) Transformational Leadership. Independent Sector Annual Conference, St. Paul Minneapolis. October 24, 2006.

Chang, Heng-Yu (2005) Qualitative Research on Leader Speech Communication Content, Leader Behaviors and Subordinate's Trust. eThesys 26 Jan 2005.

Chris Argyris (2007) Human Relations Contributors. Employee Motivation, the Organizational Environment and Productivity. ACCEL Team. Online available:
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Operation of Performance Management Systems

Words: 7293 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93043581

).

However, when an employee sees that his or her employer is stepping up and trying to do something that the employee wants or needs, instead of just what is good for the company and not the employees, motivation can result. People need to feel that they matter to their employer. Few people are content with only receiving monetary compensation for the work that they do for their boss. They are all individuals and they have a desire to be recognized. They have goals that do not match up with the goals of the organization for which they work, but they may also have goals which are similar in nature to those of the company by which they are employed. Has anyone asked them what they really want to do with their lives and how the company can help facilitate those dreams? Companies that are concerned about the health and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Austin, J. & Carr, J.E. (2000). Handbook of applied behavior analysis, New York: Context Press. 2000. Understanding the behavior of individuals in the workplace and in other areas of daily life can be very difficult. However, it is vital that an employer or anyone who is in charge of people focus on learning about the behavior of the individuals of which he or she is in charge. It is not possible to properly motivate people for employment or any other reason without being clearly aware of what motivates those people and what they are focused on in their careers and in the rest of their lives. Gaining information on how to analyze the behavior of those individuals is a way in which leaders can see more success.

Bedeian, A.G. (1993). Business owners (3rd ed.). New York: Dryden Press. Owning a business may sound enjoyable because there is no "boss" to which to answer. However, having a business of one's own is more complicated than most people think. This is especially true in the hiring of employees because there are so many different areas to consider. Reading up on how a business operates and the kind of information which is needed to successfully run a business is something that all leaders should do, even if they are not the head of the business in which they are working. Those who are high up in management are particularly susceptible to not realizing the needs of other people, and that can start them down a slippery slope of not doing what is right by their employees -- and those employees will leave, causing the business to struggle if it cannot quickly find good help.

Bowen, B.E., & Radhakrishna, R.B. (1991). Job satisfaction of agricultural education faculty: A constant phenomena. Journal of Agricultural Education, 32 (2). 16-22. No matter what kind of business a person operates or what kind of career that person has, job satisfaction is a big issue. Some people assume that they are capable of handing any job as long as they are well-paid, but this is often not really the case. People who are paid well but not treated respectfully quickly tire of their jobs. By focusing on one type of job it is possible to see just how diverse a group of workers might be and just how significant it is that these workers all get what they need in order to feel satisfied at their job. There is much more than money involved where the satisfaction with one's career is concerned. Strong businesses are aware of this, and work to make sure their employees are satisfied with what they are doing for the company.

Brethower, D. & Smalley, K. (1998). Performance-based instruction: Linking training to business results. Pfeiffer; Har/Dis edition. 1998. How a person is trained when he or she begins a job can have a large influence on whether that person continues to perform well. Getting a job is not always difficult, but enjoying that job and performing well in it are other areas where employees may not succeed. If an employee is properly trained, he or she will statistically perform better at the job to which he or she has been assigned. One of the best ways to train an employee properly is to make sure that employee learns on the job.
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Personality Theories Personality vs Situation Personality Refers

Words: 1580 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45035209

Personality Theories

PERSONALITY VS SITUATION

Personality refers to the unique set of relatively constant behaviors and mental processes in a person and his or her interactions with the environment (Kevin 2011). It is generally accepted that personality is influenced by genetics in the form of dispositions or temperament at 40-60% and by the environment. The tasks of the psychologist are to characterize and describe personality traits, investigate the relationship between these traits and behavior, and understand and predict behavior from these traits. The approaches to the study of personality are descriptive; biological or genetic; learning; psychodynamic; and humanistic, existential or phenomenological (Kevin).

Existentialism vs. Humanism

Existentialism is difficult to define as those who conceived it denied they started it or it even started (Corbett, 1985). It can be vaguely described as a spirit or atmosphere of one's response to human existence. Among its precursors were Soren Kierkegaard and Fredrich Nietzsche.…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

AllPsych (2002). Personality synopsis. Chapter X Humanist Theory. Heffner Media

Group, Inc. Retrieved on May 31, 2011 from http://allpsyc.com/personalitysynopsis/humanistic.html

Boeree, C.G. (2006). Abraham Maslow. Personality Theories. Retrieved on May 31,

2001 from http://webspac.ship.edu/cgboer/maslow.html
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Positive Approach in Hiring Will

Words: 594 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56625940

The results are often in stark contrast to what many human resource professionals would care to believe.

Many times human resource professionals are under the impression that money is the biggest motivator for candidate attraction and employee retention. Anyone who has knowledge of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, it becomes easier to understand that salary truly only fulfills the most primary level of physiological needs. Items such as training and advancement opportunities fulfill higher levels of needs, such as the fourth layer, the need for esteem, and the fifth and highest level, self-actualization ("Abraham Maslow," 2005).

This realization can be readily applied to the military environment. Attracting and retaining talented candidates for the military is always a top concern, at this point in history even more so. Certainly some are motivated by sign on bonuses, but as Connolly's article demonstrates, this isn't the most powerful motivator. Therefore, focusing on other aspects…… [Read More]

References

Abraham Maslow. (13 Jan. 2005). Retrieved February 7, 2005, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslow.

Connolly, J. (23 Nov., 2004). Positive approach to hiring will be repaid. Personnel Today. Retrieved February 7, 2005, from InfoTrac database.

Review: Positive Approach in Hiring Will be Repaid
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Recruitment and Retention for the

Words: 815 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19593854



Some organizations use more innovative approaches to effectively recruit candidates. Due to the increasing low unemployment rate in their area, Sanders Brother, Inc. created their "Hispanic Initiative" where the company actively seeks out and train Hispanic workers who want to become welders. They use word of mouth and other advertisement in Spanish newspapers to promote their program (Amaram, 2005). This type of program focuses on the future compensation rewards, due to training, rather than the initial monetary rewards.

Amaram's article is very useful in today's economy. As he mentions, the competition for talented employees is fierce. This is true whether the organization is in the private, public or military sector. Human capital is an organization's most valuable asset. Without good people, an organization is destined to fail. and, although compensation is a motivator, other factors can motivate candidates to join an organization as well.

The suggestions for innovative recruitment can…… [Read More]

References

Abraham Maslow. (13 Jan. 2005). Retrieved February 7, 2005, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslow.

Amaram, D.I. (Mar. 2005). Issues in recruitment and retention for the it workforce. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 6(2). Retrieved February 12, 2005, from ProQuest database.

Article Review: Issues in Recruitment and Retention for the it Workforce