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Academia and Life Through Literacy and Reading Comprehension
Literacy and reading comprehension are subjects that have been explored for decades. Through these explorations we have discovered that comprehension is an essential component in the ability of a person to succeed in academia and in life.
Comprehension is defined as "the act or action of grasping with the intellect...the capacity for understanding fully."(The Dictionary) Comprehension is important because it allows us to gain knowledge of new concepts; without comprehension it would be impossible to learn anything.
This discourse will present a literary review of the aforementioned topic so that we can understand comprehension and the effect of comprehension on academic success. The literature presented will seek to display this information in a manner that will inform and enlighten.
Reading comprehension covers a broad range of topics. For the purposes of this literary review we will seek to explain what comprehension is…… [Read More]
Gender segregation among university level academia is a continuing issue in the United States. Universities are often seen as among society's most socially progressive institutions, so an analysis of gender segregation among higher educational institutions reveals a great deal about America's attitudes and actions towards gender segregation in the workplace. hile gender segregation is still apparent in the workplace, it is dependent upon a number of factors, including the type of position, the specific institution, and the presence of women executives. Finally, there are important signs that gender segregation is lessening among university level academia.
In general, gender segregation is an important component of discussions about gender inequality. Gender segregation in the workplace is often seen as the root of the relatively higher wages of men in the workplace, limitations on careers, and as the basis for a number of inequalities between the genders (Blackburn and Jarman).
The academic…… [Read More]
C++ has been surpassed in certain areas by other languages, particularly Java and C#, but C++ is considered a core language still because it does not have the bulk of those aforementioned language either; it is ideal to test a program with basic knowledge through C++ as it is today still the most well-rounded and difficult/requiring great knowledge language.
Another positive of C++ is that it draws on very basic concepts that humans can understand, such as the concept of if, then. These concepts are abstract in nature, which have in the past been extremely perplexing to programmers; however since C++ has the very nature of these abstract ideas built into its language, humans have found its language to be far friendlier than its predecessor. Humans have found these positives of C++ to be instrumental in dozens upon dozens of applications; however there are those who critize the language for…… [Read More]
I look forward to engaging in research that is practical and (hopefully) oriented towards my surrounding community. Doing so would enable me to not only further the realm of assistance my particular area of study is able to reach, but would also help to aid the pragmatism that academia is ideally founded upon.
Other aspects of the process of academic research that are vital to the fulfillment of this practice include employing a sure methodology that is well grounded in scientific methods. To that extent, research must be in accord with the bevy of knowledge that precedes it. One of the most important aspects of this knowledge, of course, is the methodology that was used to establish many of the principles which constitute the basis of a particular academic subject matter. In this respect, it is not detrimental to be derivative when employing the methodology of previously existent research. Doing…… [Read More]
communities and academia work together on public health research?
The article was a formative evaluation of the first 4 years of the Detroit Community-Academic Urban esearch Center (UC), a community-based participatory research partnership that was founded in 1995 with funds from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). The goal of the research was to examine the evaluation efforts looking at the UC, and presents the results of those evaluations so that people funding community partnerships can assess those partnership approaches to public health. The evaluations were qualitative, rather than quantitative in nature, though the researchers made efforts to codify the results so that they could be presented in a quantitative manner as well as a qualitative manner. By doing so, they could see, at a glance, how many of the stakeholders mentioned particular parts of the project in a positive way and how many of them mentioned particular parts of…… [Read More]
Some of the work we read about concerning the Bonobos also ties into this understanding of the brain. Studies of these chimpanzee relatives revealed that new neural pathways are actually created through learning, meaning that there is a measurable physical change effected by learning a new behavior. Coupling this to the knowledge of the brain's adaptability and transformative ability demands a whole new consideration of the literal power of thought.
These concepts, I believe, will remain vital to my work no matter what field I eventually end up in. Knowing the capacity for change in the brain and the sheer stubbornness of it on some occasions struck a resonance wit me that is deeper than simple intellectual understanding. I believe the brain is the organ that makes us fundamentally human, and any deeper understanding of it must also necessarily lead to a deeper understanding of our fellow human beings. Knowing…… [Read More]
daunting issues in academia is and has always been plagiarism. The age of technology, especially with the introduction of the Internet has made a classic issue like plagiarism even more easily accomplished both by those who have full the intent to plagiarize and those who may do it unknowingly. This paper will provide a clear definition of plagiarism, address why students plagiarize and provide a discussion on the differences of intentional vs. unintentional plagiarism. Finally, I will discuss the importance of properly citing sources, direct quoting and paraphrasing.
Plagiarism is simultaneous with fraud. In its simplest form it is the intentional and also the unintentional act of passing off another's work or ideas as your own. Plagiarism includes:
using the works, research and ideas of another and passing off as your own using the creative work (written, oral, artistic or otherwise) without proper credit to the source/creator failure to provide…… [Read More]
Athletic Trainer Gender Inequality in Academia
There appears to be evidence for gender inequality in the profession of academic athletic trainers (ATs). For example, membership in the National Athletic Trainer's Association is 48% female, but at the collegiate level only 1/3 of ATs are women (Kahanov, Loebsack, Masucci, and oberts, 2010, p. 459). To understand the reasons behind this discrepancy the authors of a recent study performed a large survey of female ATs working in or outside of academia (Kahanov, Loebsack, Masucci, and oberts, 2010). The working hypothesis was the following: family obligations contribute to a gender bias in academia for athletic trainers.
Of the 1000 surveys sent out to working female ATs, only 405 responses were useable for the purposes of the study (Kahanov, Loebsack, Masucci, and oberts, 2010, p. 160). Of these, 67.3% worked in an academic setting and 40% were parents of children less…… [Read More]
..the roles these abilities play in social life;...and the manner in which they are interpreted..., not by experts, but by ordinary people in ordinary activities" (Baynham 285). A combination of the forbidden nature of Douglass's society, in addition to the interpretation of his learning to read by his mistress, his boy teachers, and the Irishman allowed and motivated the young man to pursue literacy.
A unique combination of Douglass's social environment and the psychological effects of that environment lead the former slave to come to negative conclusions about slavery. The more in depth literary works that Douglass was able to read, the more he was able to find fault with the institution of slavery. By using his own social and psychological situation, Douglass was able not only to attain literacy in the sense of being able to read, but also literacy in the sense of being able to understand and…… [Read More]
Hybrid Manager: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Management
The term hybrid manager is anomalous and somewhat abstract within the world of corporate America today. However more and more as technology impacts the workplace managers are starting to be defined as "hybrid." What exactly is a hybrid manager and how do they serve the world of corporate America? A hybrid manager may be simply defined as a manager that is well versed in technical as well as operational matters within an organization. Perhaps a better term for the hybrid manager is "multidisciplinary" manager, a manager that understands how to manage people and operations but also how to work within the realm of technology.
As technology continues to impact the workforce a trend is emerging where corporations are starting to recognize the need for managers to be technologically savvy as well as operationally savvy. The future looks bright for managers willing to serve…… [Read More]
speak or write, do you own the words that you have created? What about the thoughts that preceded those words?
What is originality?
In some sense, we are all 'original authors.' We compose our own ideas in our head and transmit them to the world in speech. Yet, on the other hand, it is just as easy to claim that because our words are the result of a series of subtle cultural influences, there is no 'original' thought. Even the greatest scientific innovations of earlier eras built upon the ideas of people who existed previously. Shakespeare borrowed most of his plots. The notion of someone who exists outside of culture is a fiction. Even the language we speak shapes and limits our conceptions of the world.
However, although originality may be a fiction, it is a necessary fiction. Without copyright laws, authors would have no incentive to create new ideas.…… [Read More]
Just because a person does not react the same way to the college experience or to stress as you do does not make them wrong, it simply means they are human and have their own ideas. Do not judge your friends, but try to help them instead.
In conclusion, student suicide is a growing problem in our country today, for a variety of reasons. Students are under more pressure than ever to perform, fit in with peers, and get good grades, and many come from broken or abusive homes, that can add to the pressure and lead to depression and thoughts of death. Finally, some, like the shooter at Virginia Tech, are mentally unbalanced, and have shown signs of suicidal and violent thoughts that could have been acted upon if only they had been recognized. The Washington Post reporters continue, "Because Cho did well in school, his mother did not…… [Read More]
U.. My Boss, VP Xytox Corporation
C.Y. Ay, Manager H Compliance
Potential H Issue
We have a potential Human eousrce situation that needs both documented and attention. I am writing with the relevant facts, as well as a recommended course of action. Please let me know if I may provide more information so we may discuss.
The situation revolves around our Director of Marketing esearch, Art Margulis. Margulis has been with our firm for 19 years, providing technical expertise and management in a proactive and responsible manner. He was promoted to direct of the 50-person research group four years ago, and while he has only six direct reports, his management style is such that he regularly interacts with most of the staff.
Two years ago, Margulis recruited Dr. Maria Lopez, a statistical expert. Our company was fortunate to convince Lopez to join as she had numerous high-profile…… [Read More]
Biblical Principles in the Field of Psychology
Biblical Principles in Psychology
This question is still a subject of debate in the academia. One of the two definitions of psychology is through the biblical vantage point and thus using religious material to enrich it would be welcome in the broad sense that psychology finds a place in the biblical arena. Outside this consideration, psychology is generally considered as the subject interested in studying human and animal behavior. Nevertheless, the soul is a very important subject in the study of psychology. First off, psychology attempts to address issues such as the nature of human soul, explores the origin of a soul, and attempts to establish the purpose of man's soul and what might be at the final destiny of a soul.
There have been mixed reactions to whether biblical principles should be used in the field of psychology. For…… [Read More]
valuable model in any way.as a, matter of fact I consider them very constricting. This is because one's mind is restrained towards having an essay that has an introduction, a thesis which normally has three points supporting it and a conclusion. This is quite restraining since one has to strictly follow the format of the five paragraph essays. Students are also not supposed to use the pronoun I in this type of essays reason being that one is supposed to make arguments based on the support they have and the support they bring forward should have a point.
Therefore, if one uses I then the essay will sound as if they are the ones who are saying these things which should not be the case.in five paragraph essays one should not include their personal opinions since they do not matter.it is required that these essays speak for themselves .One is…… [Read More]
Managerial Assessments of the Applications of egression
The commentary of the article begins with the subject of the research in the article: Organizational Politics within Academic Departments. This subject is valid of research as it is a factor of which many students are unaware, yet are apart of and by which they are affected. Uninformed views or stereotypes of academia may not include the order of politics evident among faculty and staff within each department, yet they exist. Therefore the first piece of criticism is to validate the subject matter of the study. Furthermore, the authors argue for the importance of their study as there is little research in the area, for reasons that some of which are obvious and self evident.
The specific behavioral focus for the article is conflict. The authors wish to understand the nature of conflict within organizations and the impact conflict has upon perceptions.…… [Read More]
Value: Problem Solving and Written Assessment by: Sharon . oss
This paper provides an analysis of an article by oss (2002), which describes the learning characteristics exhibited by young children in relation to a particular topic in mathematics, known as place value. Place value refers to the value assigned to each digit within a multiple-digit numeral, within the familiar decimal number system that is the basis for contemporary mathematics in academia and commerce. The premise of the article is that the concept of place value is inherently difficult for elementary grade students to grasp, and correspondingly difficult for instructors to teach. The reason for this difficulty is attributed to the complicated symbology inherent in the decimal system of numeration, which may be summarized as being the product of four mathematical properties, namely the additive, positional, base-ten and multiplicative elements inherent in each and every multiple-digit numeral. oss (2002) describes a…… [Read More]
Stress of Academia
Actually, as a student my work environment contributes a considerable amount to the sort of stress that I face in my life. Perhaps if I was working fulltime like my parents, my work environment would contribute much more stress than it does now. Regardless, I am almost certain there are ways in which my status as a student and the environment I am in as a consequence adds to the sort of stress that I feel and surpasses that of someone in a traditional working environment. At least those people are able to specialize in what they do, whereas facets of some of the general requirements for students does not enable the latter the same luxury -- at least not until later on in one's academic career.
My academic environment contributes to my levels of stress in the sense that because of it, I am tasked with…… [Read More]
Byars-Winston, A., Estrada, Y., Howard, C., Davis, D., & Zalapa, J. (2010). Influence of social cognitive and ethnic variables on academic goals of underrepresented students in science and engineering: a multiple-groups analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57(2), doi:10.1037/a0018608
• This article explores how both social cognitive and ethnic variables can play a part in determining the academic goals of people and groups that are "under-represented" within the academic sphere. The groups centered on this study include Africa-Americans, Latinos, Southeast Asians and Native Americans. There were 223 people in the study and the study itself was centered on what is known as the social cognitive theory, as proposed and discussed by Lent, Brown and Hackett in 1994. There was a significant relationship found between outcome expectations, interests and goals. Self-efficacy and efficacy-mediated relationships were also in play. One area that is touched upon with fervor in this study is…… [Read More]
Solidarity created via black feminist discourse is empowering. The acknowledgment of a collective black female identity can lead African-American women to value rather than shun their identities and to embrace the fullness of their culture. Psychological empowerment is a precursor to economic and political empowerment. Empowerment ultimately does not depend on conformity to the predominant social institutions. Another reason why it is important to sustain black feminist thought is that this alternative discourse is the only means by which the voices of the oppressed may be heard. In the same way that empowerment means not having to participate in or condone white male institutions, black feminist ideology defines its own methodological tools. Those tools cannot rely on scholastic sources or the scientific method. A European-masculinist academic institution imposes positivism on all discourse. This shuts down valid voices offering personal opinion, immediate experience, narrative, and other means by which black women…… [Read More]
Internet Censorship in China, South Africa and the est
Internet censorship in China, South Africa and other countries is something that prohibits real discussion from taking place regarding issues that affect the public. For instance, in China, certain key word searches are automatically filtered out so that users cannot find the information they are seeking. hile Internet censorship may be good from one perspective (in terms of stemming the flow of child pornography, curbing false information, or putting a nation's interests first), it can be viewed as bad from another perspective (in terms of cutting down on the opportunity to inform sides of a dialogue, promoting free exchange of ideas, or discussing why one form of pornography is allowed but not another). This paper will show why Internet censorship can be interpreted in both positive and negative ways depending on the perspective that one adopts (whether one is pro-Statist or…… [Read More]
Aspects of identity that might have been denied or denigrated because of colonial mentalities can resurface and be admired. Discourse on gender and social class has also deepened and enabled identity constructions to flourish outside the confines of proscribed gender roles. Culture changes, and so too does identity. The values placed on identity aspects like religion have shifted too, making religion a less salient part of people's identity. On the other hand, sexual orientation and gender identity have both become more important. Gender roles have changed to such a great degree as to transform the definition and meaning of family, love, or sex.
Therefore, a number of issues affect the way we understand and create identities. Academia reflects broader changes in social values and norms. In some cases, academia inspires those social and political transformations. Regardless of the directions of the relationship between academia and social values, the two interact…… [Read More]
Anti-science is nothing new and in fact has been seamlessly woven into the story of human progress. Locating historical incidents linked to the repercussions of anti-intellectualism or anti-science is easy. One of the first European examples of the repercussions of anti-intellectualism is the story of Socrates's death sentence due to his philosophy of reason contradicting the established religious authorities in ancient Athens. Anti-intellectualism permeates European history, culminating with the excommunication of prominent scientists like Galileo and Kepler. Science, truth, and intellectual inquiry can present clear threats to an established authority like the Catholic Church or any other religious body, as well as threatening powerful political authorities or social systems like patriarchy. Any social system that relies on propaganda and myth-making to preserve its integrity is naturally going to be threatened by science and intellectual or critical inquiry. On the surface, there is a sort of quaintness about anti-intellectualism that appeals…… [Read More]
In Genentech, Hughes examines the remarkable rise of the Genentech company, which was an industry pioneer in the field of genetic engineering. The basic premise of Hughes’s book is that Genentech radically transformed biotechnology and even made a broader impact beyond the medical technology and science sectors. Themes Hughes addresses in Genentech include the business practices and processes needed to start a radical, innovative firm, particularly one with a business model based on science. Another major theme covered in Genentech is intellectual property, which is a major concern for the pharmaceutical industry, which eventually became heavily and inextricably entrenched in genetic science. Hughes also covers the theme of ethics: especially the conflicts of interest that can arise between the altruistic aims of academia and applied science and the commercial goals of a profit-driven enterprise.
Hughes offers an overview and history of the firm, which was created in 1976 by Herbert…… [Read More]
Public Intellectual Essay
The introduction of critical race theory and other anti-colonial approaches to academic discourse has obscured the fact that higher education itself remains embedded in colonial institutions and structures. Higher education is a vestige of colonial means of psychological and social control. The political implications of colonialism in higher education include the perpetuation of hegemony, the suppression and subordination of alternative epistemologies, the ongoing political dominion over what constitutes knowledge, and the use of higher education to promote structures and institutions that serve the dominant culture. Although often an unconscious process, the ways colonial mentalities and processes remain entrenched in higher education are directly harmful to individual students and to society as a whole. Colonialism in higher education promotes a monolithic worldview that inhibits critical inquiry and creative solutions to global problems. By controlling how knowledge is defined, institutes of colonialist higher learning prevent alternative views and inhibit…… [Read More]
The third, and perhaps most important component in successful leadership, as gained from my findings with my leadership candidate, includes a desire to help others or to advance an organization. According to Bowman and Garten (2006), "Leadership exists as part of a duality. Leaders forge and sustain relationships with followers. Exceptional leaders not only view themselves as life-size but are equally adept at enabling self-knowledge in others" (pg. 1). Without such a vision someone identified as a leader might be more accurately called a workplace bully. Twale and Deluca (2005), in their discussion of workplace bullying, with a special focus on academia, note that bullies tend to be "power hungry" (pg. 6). Competitive, willing to challenge others, and posing "persistent threats to others' personal or professional status," the authors also agree that bullies in the workplace "undermine colleagues work" (Twale and Deluca, 2005, pg. 6). At first it may be…… [Read More]
Black Women in Law Profession Early Twentieth Century
Black women attempting to enter careers in law during the period from 1900 through 1970 faced a variety of unique challenges. During this era, many women of all races began to question their role and place into society; it was during this time that civil rights campaigns were beginning to flourish, and African-American women as faced the prospect of not only being a minority as a woman, but also being a minority because of their skin color and ethnic heritage.
African-American women attempting to pursue careers during this time rarely had the opportunity to hold leadership positions, which was common for women of any race. Another challenge facing black women was the lack of adequate representation, influence and emphasis in the workforce. The lack of attention to black women's careers is even evident in the context of textual references and history; the…… [Read More]
Product: Xperia Z1 Twist plus ear
Enrolling a product in the market attracts subsequent challenges that seek to examine its validity. Therefore, it is inopportune that modern companies develop products that will seek to minimize issues related to the incorporation. The impetus behind this approach is in the knowledge that a good product might fail because of implementation because of the ever-increasing incorporation problems. This becomes challenging if the product in question is affecting several markets. This report will present a product; Xperia Z1 twist plus ear owned by the Sony roup. The report will specify on considerate techniques on how to enroll the product in the market. The report is segmented into three main sections; firstly, the generation of a new idea. Secondly, this report will second an argument of innovation through the democratizing process. Finally, the report will present brief changes that are instrumental in customizing the product…… [Read More]
esearch was the first to feel the effects. The shift in the material base of the university leaves the humanities entirely out in the cold. Corporations don't earmark donations for the humanities because our research culture is both self-contained and absurd. Essentially, we give the copyrights of our scholarly articles and monographs to university presses, and then buy them back, or demand that our libraries buy them back, at exorbitant markups. And then no one reads them. The current tenure system obliges us all to be producers of those things, but there are no consumers." (Donoghue 2008)
The idea in education is one of operating as a business. The academic partners within the university setting are essentially in competition with one another for funding and other resources. If the students with stellar marks from certain departments are highly recruited by business and academia, the department is heralded and viewed upon…… [Read More]
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.
In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.
A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…… [Read More]
This research will fill in a gap that was discovered in the literature review. There have been many, even in an academic setting, that have made comments regarding the effects of email on the student environment. However, there have been no significant studies to substantiate these claims. This study will fill in the existing gap in research and will examine the actual importance of email to the academic setting.
Chapter 2: Literature eview
The importance of technology in the academic setting was an accepted fact from the inception of the internet. However, there have been few academic studies that have attempted to quantify its impact on student lives and success. In order to understand the importance of email and its impact on students lives, one must examine several areas of academic research on the topic. It has been implied that self-esteem and a feeling of satisfaction play an important role…… [Read More]
hat you do in life, good, bad, otherwise, comes back to haunt you. And the suicide of Robert X is an embodiment of that lesson.
In reading about this book, in preparation for this essay, I came across a conversation the author had with John Lowe concerning the tight narrative quality of the book, and I think in commenting about it, Gaines underscores one of the book's major themes:
P: There's nothing wasted in that book. It's totally honest and almost foreordained from the beginning, from the first page.
Gaines: A great man falls, and what he's going to do when he gets up. He feels that even God had failed him. He could not even please God any more (Lowe 184).
This theme, or question rather, of how does one deal with failure is an important one, on the individual level as well as on the group level. How…… [Read More]
grades were determined on a curve, I would work very hard to try to be in the top 5% of the class. However, my view of that grading system might be colored by how widely distributed the grades in the class were. If the distribution was narrow, then the curve system would appear to be an arbitrary reflection of the professor's desire to have a certain grade distribution, rather than a reflection of student knowledge. If POL S. 270 was the only class in Political Science that graded on a curve, then all but the strongest performers would avoid the class, which would deflate the grades of those who are traditionally the strongest performers because they would be subject to the curve. If all of the courses in the university were graded on a curve, then the university would experience more drop-outs because of forced-fails. This type of curve system,…… [Read More]
Training Needs Analysis
Abstract/Introduction: This paper focuses on "Strategic rganizational Culture Management and Its Training Needs" as a tool to preserve a company's competitiveness in a given market. While there seems to be unanimity that "Strategic rganizational Culture" has become a necessary asset of the modern company, there is the question of whether such culture can be managed and whether such management can be trained. The purpose of the paper is to reflect the current state of art in the area by reviewing both academic and professional (practical) orientations. By discussing the implications of that research it aims to provide conclusion drawn from the available research by showing that "Strategic rganizational Culture Management" is an aspect of managerial leadership that is accessible to and in need of ongoing training.
Main Part: A strategic plan maps out the direction a company will follow to achieve an organizational vision or goal. Strategic…… [Read More]
Teaching the fundamentals does not necessarily mean stripping the fun out of learning, however. In fact, the best educators know how to balance the wishes of students with core concepts. For example, teaching Homers Odyssey could include both a close reading of the primary text, an analysis of the text using literary criticism, plus an analysis of modern manifestations of the work, such as the Coen brothers' film O Brother here Art Thou. Developing a broad-based curriculum can extend fundamental knowledge about literature, making that knowledge applicable to a wide range of literary works. hen educators are able to incorporate popular culture into a traditional curriculum, their work becomes creative and powerful. Students who can apply themes and philosophies to works beyond that which they encounter in the classroom have really learned something. However, by simply mimicking popular culture, the educator deprives students of the ability to think critically. A…… [Read More]
skyrocketing tuition costs at the highest levels of education and unfundable needs at even the lowest, sound financial policy is an integral key to the success of the American education system. In a system where public education is the bedrock of society, it is the responsibility of the public to maintain a viable financial policy. While citizens give regularly to the schools in their districts through taxes, enrollment, and requisite civic engagement, the businesses to which they matriculate and from which they find economic support are not free of responsibility. Instead, they are tethered to the concerns of America's youth; it is from the children of today that they will see profitability in the international market tomorrow. As financial problems come to define the ability of educational institutions to provide services, the access and ideology of foundational support demands examination to meet the growing market needs.
Because the education system…… [Read More]
arriers Female Educators Experience With Regard to Promotion Positions in Management and Leadership
Gender-ased Employment iases in Educational Fields:
An Examination of the arriers Experienced by Female Educators with Regard to Promotion and Management Positions in Education
While the plight for gender-equitable workplace has long been thought to have a potential solve within the halls of academia, the disparate employment equation between men and women has long been under-observed. The feminist's battle cry for equality rallied the forces around professional gender streamlining, and in the face of affirmative action for races, the professional inequality across genders gained widespread attention in the second half of the last century. Much of the increased discourse was cemented by the Title IX legislation, passed in 1972 and cementing the importance of gender balance in academic fields.
Title IX most notably prohibited sexual discrimination in education for students, but its legal boundaries included educators and…… [Read More]
Blogs and social networking have altered our daily usage of the Internet and the World Wide Web. Of that, we can be certain. But how exactly has this change evolved, and what specific effects is it having on Internet and Web usage patterns around the world? This paper addresses the history of blogs and social media, and shows their state of development now. This brief introduction will segue into a discussion of the various personal and professional applications for both blogging and social media. Additionally, sections on political applications and implications will round out the discussion on how social media and blogging have changed the ways people communicate and receive information. Finally, it would be remiss to ignore the confluence of hardware, software, coding, applications, and protocols that have led to revolutions in the ways people use their digital devices. Tablets and smartphones are the physical manifestations of the changes…… [Read More]
politics, at least according to most college course catalogues, are separate disciplines. 'omen's Studies' also forms its own separate category, apart from these two disciplines. Yet in her work Gender and the Politics of History, Joan allach Scott makes it clear that for as long as women's studies has existed as a discipline, feminist historians have suggested that all three elements are intertwined in a proper analysis of history. Feminist historians have suggested that ways that gender has been viewed as a construct throughout history impacts the way history is viewed. The politics of how gender archetypes have been enshrined, both in law, in legislation, and in the political consciousness have all have an impact on the way that history is viewed retrospectively, and the way women live their lives today.
Scott writes her work both in response to these feminist historians, and as a part of the tradition of…… [Read More]
Culturally Biased Intelligence Assessment
Intelligence assessments have existed since the early twentieth century and have continued to be a topic of debate. We all know full well that intelligence assessment is critical to the type if academic success that we achieve in life. One of the primary tools used to assess intelligence is the IQ test. However, the intelligence quotient test has been under scrutiny for decades because it is believed to harbor culturally biased precepts.
The purpose of this discussion is to explore the cultural bias' that exist in intelligence quotient testing. We will begin with a literary review which will start by explaining the definition of cultural bias in testing and the historical implications. We will explain the origins of the IQ test and the reasons why the cultural bias exist. Our discussion will then focus on how cultural bias in intelligence assessment has produced historical implications.
We…… [Read More]
THE NEXT GENEATION INTENET
The Internet was developed during the late 1960s and early 1970s as a network or computers capable of sustaining global communication. The original Internet, initially intended as and educational and governmental tool, has since reached a global commercial user base. The original Internet has proven a successful means of disseminating and communicating information to more than a billion users, thanks to technological advances.
A new wave however, has occurred in Internet technology. Educators and researchers are currently investigating and implementing new technology, referred to as Internet2. This new communication outlet was built to help ease the congestion researchers, government agents and educators currently face when attempting to access the Internet. The information superhighway has in fact, become jam packed, as an interstate during rush hour. Scientists, educators and government officials have invested in a program that will hopefully result in a more technologically advanced superhighway…… [Read More]
privatization of the telecommunication industry in Nigeria
QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN AND SCALE MEASUREMENT
There is much controversy with regard to the contemporary privatized telecommunication companies. In order to gain a more complex understanding of the topic, one would have to interact with people and observe how they feel with regard to the fact that telecommunication companies are being privatized. By addressing senior managers, government officials, consultants, and academia, the research methodology process aims at providing accurate information regarding the way that specific communities feel toward the fact that capitalism is slowly but surely taking over the telecommunication industry in the country.
Measurement is one of the most important steps in this process, taking into account that, in order for it to be reliable and valid, the researcher needs to have a very good understanding of the concepts he or she is measuring.
In order to achieve best results with the questionnaire…… [Read More]
Allan Bloom: he Closing of the American Mind
After reading Alan Bloom's he Closing of the American Mind, I am inclined to agree what the author proclaims; in fact, nothing could be further than the truth. In recent periods, concern has been raised with regard to the educational levels and standards of teaching in America, starting from elementary to intermediate and further up to higher education. One particular point that I am in consent with is that the schools and universities in the United States have failed to provide their students with the information, skills and mind that is pertinent to understanding and applying in the real world. I believe that a better educational system will cultivate and generate individuals who are more suitable to real world applications than the system currently in place.
One major area I am totally in consent with is your worry for living in a…… [Read More]
U.S. Institutional Accreditation Issues
The accreditation of higher education in the United States protects institutional academic autonomy to a limited extent. Accreditation is key to ensuring that students actually get a quality education. There are certain standards that are specified by accrediting entities when evaluating different universities. If universities do not meet or exceed those standards which involve aspects of course objectives, content, requirements and more (Sandler, 2003), they do not earn accreditation status. There are numerous students who are aware of the fact that universities that provide quality educations have some level of accreditation, if not accreditation from multiple accrediting agencies. Thus, when analyzing the limited extent to which the accreditation of higher education in America protects academic autonomy, it is critical to note that for the most part it actually restricts academia to rigorous standards more than it simply provides it unmitigated autonomy, which is why certain entities…… [Read More]
Hydraulic fracturing can be compared and contrasted in sharply different manners; rhetoric on both sides can go over the edge, and oftentimes such extreme rhetoric ensures that any type of sane or rational discussion is rendered virtually impossible. Opponents have gone so far as to call hydraulic fracturing an "abnormally dangerous activity" (inaldi, 2015, p. 388) while proponents often argue that additional "EPA controls would cause energy prices to skyrocket, slow the development of natural-gas fields, and block enormous economic benefits" (Hobson, 2009, p. 19).
Both sides of the issue seem to make strong points in order to support their positions. Few and far between are the calls for objective and trustworthy research such as the one in America (the magazine) that asks for opponents and proponents to at least agree on the fact that the science behind fracking should take into effect the complexity of the situation as well…… [Read More]
School A has set up Facebook page courtesy of parents and friends of the school. It has gained several commentators and followers that include several members of the teaching staff. A teacher here referred to as teacher B. who is new on the staff at the beginning of the year has joined the fray. In the second term of the year, the school head bans games and sports activity before class hour. He explains that students need to be energized and ready for studies and not tired as a result of active sports Teacher B. isn't happy with the decision by the head. The decision also draws lots of negative interest and response on the school's Facebook page. It first starts with criticism of the head's decision but evolves to include many other complaints about the principal and the school. The grappling question at this point is: what is the…… [Read More]
Faculty Members of Color
What problem or issue is being addressed?
The primary problem or issue addressed in this article is the vicissitudes of members of historic minority groups attempting to maintain careers in academia. Specifically, this article addresses common scenarios that befall members of faculty “of color” (Diggs et al, 2009, p. 312) as they strive to achieve tenure. The authors also consider the effect that gender has on such faculty members. There are frequent comparisons to situations which occur for minorities and women and those which take place between Caucasian men—and the inherent differences which seem to occur because of these demographic dissimilarities. From this perspective, the problem discussed is the effect of race/ethnicity/sex for those involved in academic positions in higher level education.
What are the main research questions?
The main research question is what impact race and ethnicity has for members of historic minority groups attempting…… [Read More]
Through the maintenance of proper scientific and ethical standards, the knowledge gained from this research could revolutionize the field of criminal justice and public rehabilitative systems.
Lowenstein, L. (2003). "The Genetic Aspects of Criminality." Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 8(1), pp. 63-78.
Peele, S. & DeGrandpre, . (1995). "My genes made me do it." Psychology today 28(4), pp. 50-7.
Pieri, E. & Levitt, M. (2008). "isky individuals and the politics of genetic research into aggressiveness and violence." Bioethics 22(9), pp. 509-18.
eif, A.; osler, M.; Freitag, C.; Schneider, M.; Eujen, M.; Kissling, C.; Wenzler, D.; Jacob, C.; etz-Junging, O.; Thome, J.; Lesch, K. & etz, W. (2007). "Nature and Nurture Predispose to Violent Behavior: Serotonergic Genes and Adverse Childhood Environment." Neuropsychopharmacology 32(11). pp. 2375-83.
eitz, W.; eitz-Junginger, P.; Supprian, T.; Thorne, J. & osler, M. (2004). "Association of serotonin transporter promoter gene polymorphism with violence: relation…… [Read More]
It is my recommendation that Matt, encourage Josh to stay in Chicago until he was promoted. After receiving his promotion, Josh could then apply to the Ambassador program. This would also give his family a chance to plan for a possible overseas relocation.
Eric Wong and Michael Lao
Eric does not seem like a good fit for BCG; he is passive in asking for help or staffing assignments, he is perceived to be unpolished and has been unable to balance life and work. Eric is intimidated by his mentor and refers to him as Mr. Lao. Mr. Lao, has also failed Eric -- he has made minimal efforts to provide support and is passively waiting for Eric to come to him. Some of this passivity by Eric and Mr. Lao could be cultural and/or environmental to the Hong Kong office. My recommendation for Eric is to overcome his fears and…… [Read More]
Simple procedures can help, but not eliminate drift issues, and are quite low tech. First, depending on the wind and time of day, close the windows that face the field or prevailing wind. Add a fan to create a backdraft by pulling air through the home in the opposite direction of the drift. Once the spraying is done and the drift settled a bit, hose down nearby bushes, windows, the roof and outside of the house. At any signs of exposure, wash eyes with clear water and try to shower several times to remove as much of the potential chemical contamination as possible
Publicize -- Certainly public strikes, marches, and visible actions bring public scruitiny into the issue. Because a great deal of the problem lies in the California agricultural region, an organization was formed as a type of State and national clearinghouse for action, information, and change. This organization,…… [Read More]
It is not that managers do not see the benefit in conflict that they eschew it; it is that conflict is high-risk and can have significant negative externalities, some of which linger with the organization for a long time. Managers are less enthusiastic about conflict because they are taking into account a longer time frame and the totality of externalities, which makes their views a reflection of better information and therefore more accurate than the views of academic researchers.
Recommendations. Carefully manage conflict -- do not use it wantonly. Conflict does not always create positive outcomes sufficient to outweigh the negative ones that are certain to accrue. Take steps to ensure that the conflict is task-focused and not personal. This will limit the amount of damage that accrues from conflict. Create conflict only when necessary -- large scale conflict for small scale problems is dangerous. Conflict is a powerful tool…… [Read More]
Tenure -- Literature Review
Academic tenure is a system that many universities and colleges use to protect a senior academic's contractual right to a lifetime job unless terminated for just cause. It is typically reserved for academics who have made Assistant or Full Professor, and requires following a strict hierarchical rubric that demonstrates a strong record of published research, teaching, and administrative services. Most institutions allow for a certain period of time to establish this record; although there are a number of non-tenure track positions still available within the university system (Adjust Professor, Lecturer, Research Professor, etc.) (Amacher, 2004). The idea of academic tenure, at least in the United States, is primarily intended to guarantee the right to academic freedom, in that it protects the academic when they publish or dissent from prevailing or common opinion, or spend time and research on topics that may be politically unfashionable or controversial.…… [Read More]
In fact, it is difficult to imagine many other possible areas where increased funding and emphasis would equal the benefits of investing in computer technology in higher education. Computers on campus facilitate communications between students and faculty that provides much closer supervision and better access to professors on the part of students. Even in liberal arts studies of classical literature, computers allow instantaneous access to commentaries and many different academic perspectives from libraries and databases worldwide.
More generally, the current prospect for being hired directly out of college in one's field of study is not particularly good. In all likelihood, most new graduates from American colleges next year will not find employment in their chosen fields directly after college. However, all of them will almost certainly rely heavily on their computer literacy and competence immediately upon being hired in any professional capacity. Today, computer skills play a significant role in…… [Read More]
Teachers of fourth and fifth graders must re-insert a nurturing component into their classrooms, creative lessons that allow for student self-expression should be incorporated into the curriculum, and fostering a love of learning in students should be one of the goals established by fourth and fifth grade teachers. First, the snuggle up and read program's success made it clear that nurturing is an important component in any classroom. Coming to this issue with a constructivist approach, teachers should understand that the home life and school are deeply connected when it comes to nurturing, as well as academics. Thus, it is important that teacher-parent conferences take place in which the adults can decide on the most appropriate method of nurturing the students in the classroom. Second, the implementation of creative lessons in the fourth and fifth grade classroom is necessary, in that these lessons allow students to make choices that serve…… [Read More]
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…… [Read More]
What is interesting is that Wind appears to believe that he is acting in an ethical manner by informing Pnin of their plot, rather than surprising him with it when they reach America. Wind also seems to think that he is being generous and ethical by offering to pay for half of Liza's ticket to America, though why he would only offer to repay Pnin for half of the passage is an ethical question no reader could answer. He intends to take Pnin's entire wife when they reach America, and she is pregnant with Wind's child. Why offer to pay any part of Liza's passage, if Wind is not willing to pay her entire passage.
Liza's interactions with Pnin continue to be bizarre and unethical. She cheats on her husband Eric with a lover named George. Eric is aware of the affair and is willing to forgive the affair, but…… [Read More]
However, the digital age has provided much more sophisticated methods of cheating on in-class exams, including real-time Internet searches or note retrieval during closed-book exams.
In many schools, administrators have even documented instances of students sending one another real-time instant messages during exams (MJS, 2004). Academic dishonesty preceded the computer and Internet age, but the new technology has increased the temptation to take shortcuts and increased the sophistication of the available methods of all forms of cheating.
The area of academic integrity most affected by the widespread availability of online information sources is plagiarism in various forms. Until recently, students could copy and paste information directly from the Internet and turn it in as their own work for credit with relatively little risk because the chance of detection was very low.
The sheer volume of available Internet sources made it comparatively easy to find sources of information with which any…… [Read More]
As the NLR seeks to bring diverse research communities together to confront and solve complex challenges "of building network architecture, end-to-end performance, and scaling," (Tash 32-33), the thought presented from Disraeli stressing that a leader must "follow the people," (Smith, and Cohon) aptly portrays the thought this researcher contends best relates the conclusion gained from this study. Just as a leader "follows" and notes the needs of people he/she serves, if NLR notes the needs of those it serves, it will in turn, lead in its field in its quest to "light the future." (National LambdaRail)
National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/news/2006/200604-20nlr.php
NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008) http://www.nlr.net" National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.nlr.net/researchers/guide/.
Tash, illiam R. Ph.D. (2006). Evaluating Research Centers and Institutes for…… [Read More]
" (Traventec, Ltd., 2005) Market saturation is possible according to Traventec, Ltd., due to the constant "influx of new entrants into the low cost carrier and regional space and continued expansion of existing players. When and whether market saturation is actually reached in specific regions of the world depends on how mature regional and low cost air transport is in the first place and the size of the yet under-served demographic area." (Traventec, Ltd., 2005) There is stated to be a potentially huge regional aviation market in South East Asia yet untapped with more than half of the population of the entire world within six hours flying radiuses from "Kuala Lumpur and a five hour flying radius from angkok." (Traventec, Ltd., 2005) the airports in this area have only recently been liberalized with the "international bilateral agreements and vested in the development of airport capacity." (Traventec, Ltd., 2005) When this…… [Read More]
This lead was accomplished through a partnership nearly a half-century old among government, industry and academia. I member of that partnership was the National Science Foundation (NSF). As Strawn noted, early on, scientists and engineers at American universities began to join the young APANet, as they worked on basic research funded primarily by the NSF. Acknowledging this, the NSF began supporting national supercomputing centers, in the mid-1980s, as a means of giving American scientists, engineers, and students greater access to high-performance computing that was state of the art, and developed Computer Science Network (CSNET).
Creation of these national supercomputer centers by NSF was critical to the development of the Internet. To further enhance U.S. scientists' access to these centers, NSF established the NSFNET national backbone network that connected the NSF supercomputing centers to U.S. universities. NSF also promoted the creation of regional networks to connect colleges and universities to the…… [Read More]