Anthropology Essays (Examples)

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Human Evolution and Its Link to Bipedalism

Words: 4224 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84667927

Bipedalism – Human Evolution
Introduction
Human evolution takes into account the biotic as well as cultural development of humans. Human philosophies of the manner in which evolution of man came to be is ascertained by beliefs that have been espoused by scientists and societies dating as back as 400 decades ago. Human species, scientifically referred to as homo sapiens has extremely evolved in the last number of billion years. There have been numerous scientific developments and dissimilar events that gave rise to the ultimate evolution of mankind. One of the key changes that have taken place through evolution is bipedalism, which encompasses alterations in body features, for instance, increase in brain capacity. In particular, bipedalism is a kind of locomotion conducted on two feet and is the one aspect that that distinguishes humans from other kinds of hominoids (Ishida et al., 2006). The purpose of this paper is to examine…… [Read More]

References

Hunt, K. D. (1996). The postural feeding hypothesis: an ecological model for the evolution of bipedalism. South African Journal of Science, 92(2), 77-90.

Ishida, H., Tuttle, R., Pickford, M., Ogihara, N., & Nakatsukasa, M. (Eds.). (2006). Human origins and environmental backgrounds. New Jersey: Springer Science & Business Media.

Kinzey, W. G. (Ed.). (1987). Evolution of human behavior: primate models. SUNY Press.

Kraak, S. B. (1991). The answer: the aquatic ape theory and the savannah theory combined. Roede, M., Wind, J., Patrick, J. et al., The Aquatic Ape: Fact or Fiction, 293-296.

Ruxton, G. D., & Wilkinson, D. M. (2011). Avoidance of overheating and selection for both hair loss and bipedality in hominins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(52), 20965-20969.

Skoyles, J. R. (2006). Human balance, the evolution of bipedalism and dysequilibrium syndrome. Medical hypotheses, 66(6), 1060-1068.

Stanford, C. B. (2006). Arboreal bipedalism in wild chimpanzees: Implications for the evolution of hominid posture and locomotion. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 129(2), 225-231.

Westergaard, G. C., Kuhn, H. E., & Suomi, S. J. (1998). Bipedal posture and hand preference in humans and other primates. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 112(1), 55.