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Army, by definition is a part of the U.S. military which is made up of three branches. The other two components are the Air Force and Navy. All report directly to the Department of Defense or (DoD). The DoD is organized into two branches, the first is active duty and the second called the reserve. For the Army the DoD reserve 'departments' that provide support are the United States Army eserve and the Army National Guard (Army.mil, 2012).
In comparison to a business entity, there are several components or departments that make up the operations and administration function of the army. The mission of the Army is broken down into operational and institutional departments (Army.mil, 2012).
Each of these components have a specific purpose that supports the others much like a business entity has several departments that support the product or service offered by the company.
The operational component is…
Army.mil. (2012). Operational Unit Diagrams. Retrieved May 28, 2012 from http://www.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/oud/
Department of the Army. (1998). Total Army Performance Evaluation System. Retrieved May 28, 2012 from http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/r690_400.pdf
e-Library. (2012). OCP. Retrieved May 28, 2012 from http://www.web-books.com/eLibrary/NC/B0/B58/051MB58.html
Powers, R. (2012). U.S.. Military. Retrieved May 28, 2012 from http://usmilitary.about.com
The United States Army and Diversity
The United States Army has fought very hard to overcome its segregated past and become a premiere model of inclusiveness and diversity. Today, the Army is a capable, high performing, results-oriented unit -- and as richly diverse as America itself. Collaboration and the sharing of diverse viewpoints, skills, backgrounds, languages and ideas have helped improve effectiveness and quality throughout the entire organization. The Army proves that people who are culturally diverse can work together to achieve organizational goals when differences are embraced and leveraged for the common good. When that occurs, a better organization is always the end result.
Has the diversity of U.S. Army personnel strengthened or weakened the United States Army? In what manner and to what extent?
The Army views its most important asset as its people and states that "the diversity of our people is a source of…
1. Jones, J. (2010). Diversity Continues to Challenge the Military. Black Enterprise, 41(4), 56.
2. Kennedy, K. (2006). Diversity could make Army stronger, officers say. Army Times, 67(19), 16.
3. Pexton, P. (1996). The Army is held up as a model of diversity. Air Force Times, 56(52), 18.
4. Sion, L. (2008). Challenge and Change in the Military: Gender and Diversity Issues. Armed Forces & Society (0095327X), 34(2), 342-345.
Army Regulation Safety Motor Pool Hazard Prevention Motor Pool HMMWV (High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle)
The objective of this work in writing is to examine the Army regulation safety motor pool hazard prevention motor pool MHHWV, a high mobility and multipurpose-wheeled vehicle and the importance of a ground guide in the incident of slightly speeding and suddenly stopping six feet away from the ground guide.
The M998 series HMMWV is reported to have a design that meet light-wheeled vehicle requirements of the battlefield of the1980s and forward. The 4X4 11/4 ton vehicle is comprised of a common chassis that accepts various body configurations to accomplish combat, combat support and combat service support roles." (Department of Military & Veteran Affairs State Safety Office, 2009) The HMMWV is "a lightweight, high-performance, four-wheel drive, air transportable, and air droppable family of vehicles. The Army identified the need for such a production began on…
Perform as Wheeled Vehicle Ground Guide Day or Night (2010) Training Program for the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle Headquarters, Department of the Army. Retrieved from: ARMYhttp://www.ltw.net/Hummer/213054.pdf
Recapitalization and Acquisition of Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicles (U) Inspector General United States Department of Defense. Report No. d-2010-038=9 Jan 29, 2010. http://www.dodig.mil/audit/reports/fy10/10-039%20Redacted.pdf
Soldier's Manual and Trainer's Guide 88M, Motor Transport Operator (2004) Skill Levels 1, 2, 3, and 4 OCTOBER 2004 STP 55-88M14-SM-TGHEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMYhttp://www.armywriter.com/STP55_88M14.pdf
Army Customs and Courtesies.
Army Customs, Courtesies, and Traditions
Life in the United States Army is very different from the everyday life of the American citizen, and there are very good reasons for this. Army life is highly structured and regulated, something that is absolutely necessary when called upon to actually fight in battle. And since the function of the Army is to fight wars, and since wars could begin at any time, each soldier must be always highly disciplined so that they can fight wars at any time. In order to aid in maintaining the discipline of the individual soldier, the U.S. Army has developed a number of customs and courtesies which guide the individual soldier's daily life.
From the time of founding of the Army by the Continental Congress on June 14, 1775 to the modern world, the U.S. Army has developed it's own customs, some official, some…
"Customs, Courtesies, and Traditions" Global Security: Reliable Security Information . Web. 3 May 2011. Retrieved from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/policy/army/fm/7-21-13/chap4.htm
Schading, Barbara. A Civilians Guide to the U.S. Military. Cincinnati, Ohio: Writer's Digest Books, 2007. Print.
"U.S. Army Customs and Courtesies" Army ROTC at Illinois State. Web 3 May 2011. Retrieved from http://rotc.illinoisstate.edu/
The war against Al-Qaeda is asymmetrical and its methods must become the methods of the United States Army in the fight against global terrorists. It has become the tactics and strategy of necessity in Iraq and Afghanistan. hile elite forces are most familiar with it, it must again become the natural instinct of every soldier from general to private. They must learn to plug into networks of potential fighters as force multipliers that will enhance the numbers and performance of American forces and then allow them to hand the fight over to the locals. The trick comes in institutionalizing the ability to work with local forces in the training and doctrine of the U.S. military the way it was before the end of the wars at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Unlike then, we must not forget the lessons of irregular warfare on our way home once the job…
Birtle, Andrew James. U.S. army counterinsurgency and contingency operations doctrine 1860-1941. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center for Military History, 1998.)
Fulton, Robert a. The legend of the colt 45 pistol caliber semi-automatic pistol and the moros. Retrieved from http://www.morolandhistory.com/Related%20Articles/Legend%20of%20Colt%2045.pdf
Army Problem Solving Models
Compare and contrast the Army Problem solving model process with the rapid decision making and synchronication process (C100)
The Army's problem solving model process is defined by both the Field Manual 22-100 Army Leadership and the Field Manual 101-5 Staff Organization and Operations (Chapter 5) as a detailed, seven-step process which is used by Army personnel to address battlefield dilemmas in the most effective and efficient manner possible. The seven step process of the Army problem solving model is as follows: 1.) ecognize and Define The Problem. 2.) Gather Facts And Make Assumptions. 3.) Define End States And Establish Criteria. 4.) Develop Possible Solutions 5.) Analyze And Compare Possible Solutions 6.) Select And Implement Solution. 7.) Analyze Solution For Effectiveness. The first step entails assessing the situation rapidly and ascertaining the problems to be addressed. The second step is to separate factual knowledge which can be…
United States Army, Department of the Army. (2010). Field manual no. 5.0 the operations process. Washington, DC: Department of Army Headquarters. Retrieved from https://rdl.train.army.mil/soldierPortal/atia/adlsc/view/public/7796-1/FM/5-0/toc.htm
United States Army, Department of the Army. (1999). Field manual no. 22-100 army leadership, be, know, do. Washington, DC: Department of Army Headquarters. Retrieved from https://rdl.train.army.mil/soldierPortal/atia/adlsc/view/restricted/9502-1/fm/22-100/toc.htm
United States Department of Defense. (2008). National defense strategy. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.defense.gov/news/2008 national defense strategy.pdf
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2011). National security strategy. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.jcs.mil/content/files/2011-02/020811084800_2011_NMS_-_08_FEB_2011.pdf
Army and Vietnam
Krepinevich, a. (1986). The Army and Vietnam. New York: JHU Press.
The book The Army and Vietnam by Andrew Krepinevich take a close look at some of the greatest and most controversial debates regarding Vietnam and paints them in a new light, examining them with a higher level of closeness and scrutiny. One of the contentions that the book looks at very intimately is the assertion that many ex-Army leaders have made that had they enough weapons and soldiers, America could have easily won the war in Vietnam. The remarkable aspect of this book is that Krepinevich states that this was exactly the mentality that caused America to lose the war. The bulk of the book is dedicated to examining the losing strategy that America used when fighting in Vietnam, such as the war strategies that were used in World War Two, with great success and how…
Krepinevich, A. (1986). The Army and Vietnam. New York: JHU Press.
Andrew F. Krepinevich. (2009). The Army and Vietnam. New York: JHU Press, p. 91.
Andrew F. Krepinevich. (2009). The Army and Vietnam. New York: JHU Press, p.4.
Make and implement the decision- after the analysis and subsequent comparison has been made, the leaders will together pick the most preferred solution to the problem and hence proceed to implementation of the solution. This will be followed by the monitoring of the solution implemented so as to rebuff any problems that may arise on the process of the implementation.
apid Decision Making and Synchronization Process (DSP)
apid decision making is an acronym or a technique that describes the roles and responsibilities for clear decision making for any organization including military combats. This decision making process has five basic stages which are embodied in the name itself (APID) namely:
ecommend. This stage involves information gathering and data collection and identification of variances during execution and likely changes that might take place.
Input. This stage takes into account all the material facts that brought by each individual or staff and the…
Business Dictionary, (2011). Definition: Problem Solving. Retrieved on October 20, 2011 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/problem-solving.html
I am currently in the Army, CW2, with a pay grade of W-2 and married to another Service Member. While I support the Army's pay policy, there are clearly disparities in pay and raises are not always equal across the board, again depending on increases in job responsibilities, description, service ratings and other ancillary influences.
In general, because the military is such a hierarchical organization, pay is based on length of time in service; responsibilities (pay grade, supervisory roles, level of specialized education necessary, and a host of other factors). The pay grades and allowances have been standardized for all the services, and do have some exceptions (medical expertise, hazard pay, etc.). Authority for basic pay, issues with absences from duty, special pays and exceptions are outlined in the June 2005 policy changes, with individual yearly changes made in a matrix (Department of the Army, 2005).
Department of the Army. (2005). Military Pay and Allowance Policy. Army Regulation 37-104-4. Retrieved from: http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/r37_104_4.pdf
Department of Defense (2014). DFAS Military Pay Table. Retrieved from: http://www.dfas.mil/dms/dfas/militarymembers/pdf/MilPayTable2014.pdf
Meyer, C. (2010). The Myth of Low Military Pay. Truthout. Retrieved from: http://www.truth-out.org/archive/item/88263:the-myth-of-low-military-pay
Powers, R. (2012). What the Recruiter Never Told You. About.com U.S. Military. Retrieved from: http://usmilitary.about.com /cs/joiningup/a/recruiter5.htm
This particular action would combine the efforts of both technical managers as well as innovative leaders (Daniels and Daniels, 2006).
One specific means in which the company could expand into new regions and markets is through the personal operations of various stores, retailing generic commodities. Aside from this however, it is also recommended that AAFES developed more concessionary contracts. Such a strategy would be beneficial for three main reasons:
(i) it would create shared risks and increased chances of gains with restricted investments
(ii) it would ensure diversity in operations by means of operating specialty stores in various industry sectors
(iii) it would generate partner diversity and as such support global expansion to various international regions.
b) Promotion of the company
This specifically refers to the usage of marketing strategies to create awareness of the company and to increase the levels of consumer trust and demand for the retailed products…
Daniels, a.C, Daniels, J.E., 2006, Measure of a leader: the legendary leadership formula for producing exceptional performers and outstanding results, McGraw-Hill Professional
Russ, M., 2009, Knowledge management strategies for business development, IGI Global Sippet
AAFES -- Army and Air Force Exchange Service -- Europe, Getting Around, http://www.gettingaround.net/pages/aafes.php last accessed on February 4, 2011
Website of AAFES, http://www.shopmyexchange.com/default_s.aspx last accessed on February 4, 2011
And finally, an officer is expected to be able to DO things; they must be able to effectively apply the knowledge they have to the situation they're facing in order to successfully accomplish the goal.
The main duty of an officer in the military is to lead others, and I hope soon to be providing this service in the future. This can be accomplished in a number of ways but mainly an effective leader can provide purpose, motivation, and inspiration for those under their command. Leading others also requires building and sustaining the morale of the team, as well as enforcing standards and performing checks and inspections. A second duty that I will soon be performing is developing people and the organization, or in other words, managing a group of people. This will require me to create a positive environment in which teamwork, cohesion, initiative, and responsibility are promoted while…
The success of the mission can only be guaranteed if all soldiers work in perfect unison. This is why fallen comrades are cared for as if they are family; the army is a type of family, of which each member is equally important and performs a vital function.
A soldier is also discipline in both physical and mental strength. Battle and other military functions can be extremely stressful. It is therefore important that American soldiers remain disciplined in all their physical and mental exercises. Both tasks and chores receive equal disciplined attention. An American soldier is proud of himself, his equipment, and his work.
This discipline is the only basis from which the American soldier can defend the American way of life. America is the most important consideration in all the soldier's tasks. Everything else focuses on the protection and care of the United States and all it stands for.…
A junior ROTC ball is not the most receptive audience for a speech about the future and possible career choices, but nonetheless I was asked to speak to a group of future military members at just such an event. However these future members of the military were still only high school students and I was keeping them from enjoying their party, so I knew I had to somehow captivate their imaginations in order to keep their attention. I also had once sat in their chairs as a HSJROTC student and I felt that since I had once been where they were, I could at least give them some advice as how to succeed in the military. But I could give them something more than that, since, as young people without any real experience of the military, I could give them my personal experience and hopefully instill some excitement…
And beyond a reasonable doubt, it would be this incapacity to wield its own power effectively that would render the Congress fairly irrelevant, even negligent in its duties, in the onset of this war. Evidence denotes that such major policy failures as the establishment of a real and pressing rationale for invasion of Iraq or the creation of a reasonable time frame and concrete objectives for claiming victory there would both be the products of a Congressional willingness to rubber stamp the presidential war budget. In doing so, Congress ultimately bypassed its duty to honestly, openly and critically examine a foreign policy which denotes the use of our military, National Guard and defense budget. As a representative lawmaking body on behalf of the public, it is absolutely the responsibility of both houses of Congress to take on military budget debates that the public otherwise has no voice in…
Crocker, R. (2008). Testimony Of Ambassador Ryan C. Crocker Before The Senate Armed Services Committee. Global Security.org. Online at http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/congress/2008_hr/080408-crocker01.htm
Lubold, G. (2008). Congress: Why should each military branch get same budget? Christian Science Monitor. Online at http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0226/p03s03-usmi.html
Weisman, J. (2006). Battle looms in Congress over Military Tribunals. Washington Post. Online at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/12/AR2006071201777.html
Zakheim, D.S. (1998). Congress and National Security in the Post-Cold War Era. The Nixon Center. Online at http://www.nixoncenter.org/publications/monographs/congress.htm
Army Reserve/National Guard Retention Impact Due to Deployments
The United States Army Reserve (USAR) can be traced back to April 23, 1908, since Congress passed a Senate Bill 1424. This authorized the Army to establish a reserve corps of medical officers. The USAR is a key element of The Department of the Army's multi-component force. The Army Reserve's primary mission is to provide trained and ready personnel with the skills necessary to support and defend the nation during peacetime, emergencies, and war. Reserve soldiers perform only part-time duties as opposed to full-time (active duty) soldiers, but rotate through mobilizations to full-time duty.
The Army Reserves / National Guard have increased the mobilizations, which has negatively impacted retention. Many things can cause retention impacts. Some of them are: Family, Morale and Health, Financial Burdens, Loss of income during deployment, Civilian Employment, and Social Aspects. The goal of this research is to…
Army NCO Creed - Interpretation / History
NCO Creed Interpretation and History
Fort Bliss, TX
The Creed of the Noncommissioned Officer is, to some, just words that must be spoken during ceremonies and at times when new NCOs receive their sergeant stripes. To others, there is no higher thought. These Soldiers dedicate their time while in uniform trying their best to uphold everything written in those three paragraphs. Some choose what those words mean, while others make little effort in deciding but let others decide for them. It came to my knowledge that if NCOs form the "backbone of the Army," then the creed itself embodies the essence of that backbone. The creed, however relatively new in the history of the United States Army, reflects meanings that span the centuries. From the Minutemen who took up arms in 1775 to defend a fledgling country, to modern leaders who guide warriors…
Action Plan, (June 1989 ) Noncommissioned Officer Leader Development Task Force, prepared by Noncommissioned Officer Leader Development Task Force, Headquarters, U.S. Army Sergeants Major Academy, Fort Bliss, TX, p. v
Arms, L.R. (1998)"The NCO Creed." The Chevron, Winter, p. 4
Fisher, Ernest F. Jr., (1994) Guardians of the Republic, the History of the Noncommissioned Officer Corps of the U.S. Army. Ballantine Books, NY p. ix
FM 22-600-20,( 13 November 1986) The NCO Guide, TRADOC,, inside cover
Army Reserve Retention Impact
Due To Deployments
The requirement for the BACHELOR OF SCIENCE
This thesis has been
Accepted for the faculty of Endicott College Van Loan School of Graduate and Professional Studies by:
Prof. Terence Lynn, M.Ed., C.A.G.S., L.M.H.C
Professor Lawrence O'Toole, M.Ed.
Sub-Problems and Supporting Information Page ?
Technical and Other Terms Page ?
Passion for Research Page ?
Dependent Variable Page ?
Independent Variable Page ?
Chapter Two, Literature Review Page ?
The History and Importance of the Reserves to the U.S. Army Page ?
Potential Effects of Deployment on Reservists Page ?
Family Page ?
Morale and Health Page ?
Finance and Employment Page ?
Social Aspects Page ?
Miscellaneous Effects Page ?
Summary of Effects Page ?
d. Solutions: Policies and Interventions Page ?
Mental Health, Physical Health, and Family Factors Page ?
General Incentives Page ?
e. Deployment Effects on Reenlistment of…
Such is not always the case as in military, soldiers must always ready for any surprises (Gallery, 2001). The troops are not always in the offensive stance, and the enemies are certainly not used to divulge their offensives and positioning. In battle, one is not only concerned in saving himself. Primordially, he has to save his group, as it is his group that establishes the strong line of defense for the survival, not just of himself, but of the entire group. Each one has to cover another, and must harmonize and organize his own way of attack so as not to conflict with that of another so as to establish a good offense or defense. A comrade must be protected, from ones position, from any harmful ramifications as he form part and parcel of the group that tries to survive and pursues such self-preservation (Soldiers, 2005).
THE POBLEM: MAINTENANCE OF…
Brown, W. (2007). Leadership and teamwork in the armed forces. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Bulwurk, F. (2009). Promoting leadership and togetherness in teams. New York: Ashley Press.
Preston, K.O. (2005). Army Birthday Message. CML Chemical Review.
Retrieved May 17, 2011 from:
Army Knowledge Online (AKO) is an information system that supports the United States Army and Department of Defense. The soldiers, contractors, and all other relevant positions within the greater Armed Forces can access the system via the web. Users can create pages, upload files, join discussion, view files, and many other functions via a web portal. However, the primary purpose of the information system is for email. However, there are also custom modules that can host other functions such as online training courses.
The AKO is a custom program that has integrated many off the shelf products to perform various functions. It was officially launched in 2001 and since that time it has gone through many updates and revisions. The hardware consists of several servers that operate the modules that users use. These servers run a combination of off the shelf software that has been customized as well as custom…
Army Times. (2010, November 28). GIs, officials disagree on effectiveness of AKO. Retrieved from Army Times: http://www.armytimes.com/article/20101128/NEWS/11280313/GIs-officials-disagree-effectiveness-AKO
ALIR Location of Operation and External Support
In recent years, the ALIR has based most of its military activities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda, but some operations have been located in urundi, one of the countries that border Rwanda.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo provides ALIR forces in the Congo with training, arms, and supplies (Dept. Of State, 2000).
Rwanda's New Vision after Genocide
In 2007, the Government of Rwanda investigated and interrupted much of the terrorist financing and reinforced border control measures to identify potential terrorists and to prevent entry of ALIR and other armed groups operating in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Rwanda has created an inter-governmental counter-terrorism committee and a counter- terrorism reaction team inside the police intelligence unit. Central ank and Ministry of Finance officials provided outstanding cooperation on terrorist financing issues.
While the Government of Rwanda has not yet…
CDI. (2003, March 27). Terrorism project. Retrieved March 22, 2009, from Center for defense information (CDI): http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/terrorist.cfm
Country reports on terrorism 2007: Rwanda. (2008, April 30). Retrieved March 22, 2009, from U.S. Dept. Of State: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/48196c9a36.html
Csete, J., & Kippenberg, J. (2002). The war within the war. New York: Human Rights Watch.
Dept. Of State. (2000). Information on other terrorist groups. Retrieved March 22, 2009, from U.S. Dept. Of State: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/10304.pdf
This would cause them to be become dependent on their children as well. As a result, a viscous circle would be created that would be quite difficult to break.
The growing problem of the sandwich generation is making quite a significant impact on the society as well. A person's withdrawal from the workforce to take care of another person causes a short and a long-term decrease in the state's tax revenue. As mentioned before, increasing financial burdens are causing this working class to experience physical and mental health problems. Due to this reason, they are also likely to require additional health care series as well. This means increased health care services and public expenditure costs for the society as whole.
Seeing how this is growing problem in the country, the government and society needs to act to reduce the burden on the sandwich population. In 2004, the government of Canada…
Bouw, B. (2013). Canada's 'sandwich' generation financially strapped. [online] Retrieved from: http://ca.finance.yahoo.com/blogs/pay-day-/canada-sandwich-generation-financially-strapped-153353957.html [Accessed: 28 Mar 2014].
Brink, S. (2004). Elder care. Ottawa: Caledon Institute of Social Policy.
Duxbury, L., Higgins, C. & Schroeder, B. (2009). Balancing Paid Work and Caregiving Responsibilities: A Closer Look at Family Caregivers in Canada. [report] Ottawa, Ontario.
Keefe, J.M. & Medjuck, S. (1997). The contribution of long-term economic costs to predicting strain among employed women caregivers. Journal of Women & Aging, 9 (3), pp. 3 -- 25.
The book gives a good account on behavior of different personalities; soldiers, generals and politicians and how they behave in a given scenario of certain win or a setback. How they readjust and motivate people around them, inspire them to do more than they are capable of;
"If you don't succeed, I don't want to see you alive," he advised "I see no point in surviving defeat, and I am sure that if all of you enter in to battle with equal resolution, we shall conquer, and live long, and gain more glory."
(Page 36) - An Army at Dawn
Even as he narrates a compelling story of a heroic victory, Atkinson hasn't forgotten to mention the dark tragedies that haunt the survivors of every war. An Army at Dawn is history of the highest caliber -- brilliantly researched and surprising insights.
Atkinson's crystal clear analyses and narration of events…
Atkinson, Rick (2007). An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1942-1943, Volume One: First Edition
Review -- An Army at Dawn by Rick Atkinson
Army Design Methodology (ADM)
The relevance of the Army Design Methodology (ADM) to the operations process cannot be overstated. It is important to note, from the onset, that ADM “is part of a continuing effort focused on improving the critical and creative thinking abilities of leaders and teams to understand and solve problems” (Department of the Army, 2015). Towards this end, ADM enables staffs and commanders to not only visualize and understand, but also outline and assess operations. From time to time, staffs and commanders encounter situations and scenarios that are largely uncertain or unfamiliar (Naveh, 2009). According to the Department of the Army (2015), when uncertainty reigns supreme, staffs and commanders could feel overwhelmed. ADM comes in handy in such instances. In basic terms, “by first framing an operational environment and associated problems, ADM enables commanders and staffs to think about the situation before developing ways to solve those…
Department of the Army (2015). Army Design Methodology. Retrieved from http://data.cape.army.mil/web/character-development-project/repository/atp5-0x1-2015.pdf
Naveh, S. (2009). In Pursuit of Military Excellence: The Evolution of Operational Theory. New York, NY: Frank Cass.
Equal Opportunity Program
In the spirit of, and in service to the Army’s mission and vision, the Equal Opportunity Program exists “to ensure fair treatment for military personnel, family members and civilians without regard to race, color, gender, religion, age, disability or national origin,” (United States Army, 2014, p. 1). Because of the destructive power of discrimination on organizational culture, the Equal Opportunity Program ensures the fulfillment of organizational objectives via the creation of a sustainable, effective environment in which personnel flourish and contribute to departmental missions and goals. The Equal Opportunity Program includes several components, such as training, classes, materials, the establishment of a special harassment hotline, and procedures for reporting and prosecuting violations of ethical or behavioral codes related to equal opportunity comportment.
The reasons behind the Equal Opportunity Program are expressly stated on the Army’s website and include an admission and embrace of the heterogeneity of its…
What is Army Leadership
Leadership philosophy is one of the most important things an Army leader can bring to a unit because it is the intellectual foundation upon which all action is based. A leader without a philosophy of leadership is like a house built on sand: the first wave that comes along will exhaust it and quickly a succession of waves will reduce it to nothing. Leadership philosophy on the other hand is like a castle built on rock: no wave can wear it down, no assault can penetrate it. As an Army leader, the leadership philosophies that I would bring to a new unit would be 1) to always be honest, as honesty demonstrates transparency and forces one to be accountable for one’s thoughts, words and deeds; 2) to always be supportive no matter the situation; and 3) to inspire my unit to want to achieve its potential…
Why is Army Design Methodology (ADM) important to the operations process? How do you see your role in the ADM process as a future CSM/SGM?
ADM in the operations process
The ADM is a technique involving the application of innovative, critical thinking for understanding, visualizing, and describing new issues and means of resolving them (“ADP 5-0…” 2012). It encompasses interrelated thinking tasks which facilitate abstract planning and making decisions. ADM first frames the operational setting and related issues and, hence, assists staff members and commanders in considering the scenario more thoroughly. Such an understanding helps staff members and commanders come up with a better-informed strategy for dealing with or resolving issues identified. In the course of operations, ADM facilitates organizational learning by means of reframing — or more matured understanding which results in a novel perspective on issues or how to resolve them.
It is vital to identify and solve…
“ADP 5-0. The Operations Process.” Department of the Army. (2012).
“ATP 5-0.1. ARMY DESIGN METHODOLOGY.” Department of the Army. (2015).
Grome, A. P., Crandall, B. W., Rasmussen, L., & Wolters, H. M. (2012). Incorporating army design methodology into army operations: Barriers and recommendations for facilitating integration. APPLIED RESEARCH ASSOCIATES INC FAIRBORN OH.
Senior leaders and Sergeant Major have to develop the leadership skills of soldiers for organizational success. Human Resources Support (FM 1-0) and Army Training and Leader Development outline the best approach for developing future Army leaders. Furthermore, Army Training and Leader Development describe an organizational framework for developing the next generation of Noncommissioned Officers (NCOs) based on three learning domains: Namely, self-development, operational, and institutional (United States Department of the Army, 2017). Senior leaders / Sergeant Major should also read the following publications: Theater-Level Human Resources Support (ATP) 1-0.2, Army Command Policy (AR) 600-20, and Legal Support to the Operational Army (FM) 1-04, and Soldier for Life – Transition Assistance Program (AR) 600-81. The above reading are useful when developing leadership programs in the Army. This paper will convey my strategy for developing future US Army leaders based on the above readings and my experiences from operational assignments.
The United States Army has a history of instilling and enforcing discipline within its ranks. However, with every passing year come changes in the way society thinks and acts. New social values are created and fostered, and leaders in the U.S. Army must address these changes in order to maintain continuity of standards and discipline from one generation to the next (Wardynski). Thus, as the new generation of soldiers enters the United States Army, new challenges await leadership. The evolving world of social media is just one of the challenges that require leaders to be proactive in their approach to army standards and its enforcement. Soldiers have access to the internet in a deployed environment and use this platform in positive ways but also use social media in ways that bring harm to the Army values and heritage. Leaders need to walk a fine line between the soldiers rights to…
Strategic leadership is about redirecting the culture of an organization. It is the approach applied by a leader to achieve the objectives desired by an organization. The process involves resource allocation, policy execution and consensus building among the stakeholders. The process often happens in a changing business environment that presents numerous challenges and opportunity to the achievement of the desired objectives[footnoteRef:1]. [1: Herbert F. Barger, "Developing strategic leadership: The US army war college experience." Journal of Management Development 11.6 (1992): 4.]
The matter at hand is about how the army can develop a crop of strategic leaders, guided by the fixed career timeline of an officer from the Personnel Management System of the military. The development strategy of the army leaders in 2013 highlights the process and steps of how a leader can be developed. The report also outlines the need for more leadership personnel, owing to the fact that there…
Barber, Herbert F. \\"Developing strategic leadership: The US army war college experience.\\" Journal of Management Development 11.6 (1992): 4-12.
Brian S. Eifler, \\"Developing Strategic Thinking Leaders in the U.S. Army,\\" United States Army War College Class of 2012 (2012): 8-12.
Gerras, Stephen J. \\"Strategic Leadership Premier.\\" Department of Command, Leadership and Management United States Army War College, no. 3rd Edition (2010): 2-6.
Hawkins, Jonathan L. \\"Is the Army Developing Strategic Leaders?\\" Army Command And General Staff College, (2015): 29-33.
Hernandez, Daryle J. \\"Building Strategic Leader Competencies into Army Officer Development and Career Progression.\\" United States Army War College, 2011, 26-30.
Jeppsson, Tommy. \\"Challenges Facing Future Miltary Strategic Leadership-Views Reflecting a Small-State Perspective.\\" Tiedejaase (2006): 84-92.
Shekleton, Michael. \\"Developing Strategic Leaders.\\" RealClear Defense. 2016. Accessed December 07, 2018. https://www.realcleardefense.com/articles/2016/12/07/developing_strategic_leaders_110453.html.
General Patton and Mission Command: the Battle of the Bulge
Fought between 16th December 1944 and 25th January 1945, the Battle of the Bulge remains one of the most notable battles during World War II not only because of the significant death count on both sides, but also because of the various tactics as well as strategies applied by the allied forces that informed its outcome in the end. Towards this end, this text highlights the role played by General George Patton in the Battle of the Bulge – and more specifically in the redemption of Bastogne from German encirclement, in what is widely considered to be one of the battle’s most significant turning points. Patton’s effectiveness will be reviewed in the context of the principles of mission command.
From the onset, it is important to note that were it not for the brilliant operation, strategic conduct, and gallant…
Collins, M. & King, M. (2013). The Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division in the Battle of the Bulge. Oxford: Casemate
Department of the Army (2012). ADRP 6-0 Mission Command. Washington, DC: Army Doctrine Reference Publication
Knight, R.L. (2004). The Crimson Flake. Victoria, B.C: Trafford Publishing
Luecke, R.A. (1994). Scuttle Your Ships Before Advancing. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Perrett, G. (1999). Eisenhower. New York, NY: Random House
Rickard, J.N. (2011). Advance and Destroy: Patton as Commander in the Bulge. Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky.
U.S. Army (2018). The Battle of the Bulge. Retrieved from https://www.army.mil/botb/
Weintraub, S. (2007). General George S. Patton and the Battle of the Bulge. Retrieved from http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-the-bulge
The USASC or United States Army Signal corps happens to be a division under the army department that is tasked with management and creation of information systems and communications for the control and command of the joint armed forces[footnoteRef:1]. Similarly, the thirty seventh signal regiment in British Army happens to be a reserve regiment of the army in signals Royal Corps. This regiment is a component of the eleventh signal contingent that provides the army with military communication during national operations[footnoteRef:2]. The objective of the signal regiment is to offer support for control and command of the joint arms forces. The term signal support can be understood to mean network support entailing information assurance, network management, and dissemination management of information, and the management of electromagnetic spectrum[footnoteRef:3]. [1: Signal Corps History” United States Army Signal Center, 2013] [2: 37th (Wessex and Welsh) Signal Regiment, Royal Corps of Signals,2008] [3: Signal…
McAlinden, Ryan. “Synthetic Training Environment (STE)” USC institute of creative technologies. 2017. http://ict.usc.edu/prototypes/synthetic-training-environment-ste/ (Accessed March 19, 2019)
“Signal Corps History” United States Army Signal Center. 2013 https://web.archive.org/web/20130403050141/http://www.signal.army.mil/ocos/rdiv/hista rch/schist.asp
Signal Units. “The United States Army Signal School” Signal.Army.mil. 2015 https://web.archive.org/web/20150604040141/http://signal.army.mil/index.php/signal- units/325-home-signal-units (Accessed March 19, 2019)
“37th (Wessex and Welsh) Signal Regiment” Royal Corps of Signals. 2008 https://web.archive.org/web/20070224084235/http://www.regiments.org:80/regiments/uk /vols-tavr/art-eng-sig/sig37.htm (Accessed March 19, 2019)
“Synthetic Training Environment (STE) White Paper.” Combined Arms Center - Training (CACT).https://usacac.army.mil/sites/default/files/documents/cact/STE_Industry_Day_Stateme nt_of_Need.pdf
The building blocks of the American Army are Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs). They are large formations, blunt instruments of the national military power element tasked with the responsibility of fighting and winning our nation's wars. To accomplish this duty, the BCTs and their subordinate battalions must move on the same axis of progress, march to the same beat by the same drummer, and reach the objective simultaneously to deliver success required in the modern battlefield[footnoteRef:1]. Key in ensuring this success is the field grade officer, who is tasked with ensuring that the battalion's duty roaster is accurate and being enforced, the training schedule is being followed, and the regulatory tasks are being completed[footnoteRef:2]. In this essay, therefore, I discuss as a Brigade Commander how field grade officers lead in ethical organizations' development. I will analyze and respond to the provided case study through critical analysis and application of relevant…
de Almeida Serapião, Flavio. \\"Leadership Effectiveness in the Army: A Perspective from the US Army War College.\\" Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 2020.
Hernandez, Daryle J. Building Strategic Leader Competencies into Army Officer Development and Career Progression. ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS, PA, 2011.
Lee, Sam-Joo, and Sang-Hyuk Park. \\"The Effect of Modern Leadership Style on Organizational Effectiveness: Focusing on Army Commander\\'s Leadership.\\" The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology 6, no. 1 (2020): 201-207.
Lis, Andrzej. \\"The manifestations of positive leadership strategies in the doctrinal assumptions of the US Army leadership concept.\\" Journal of Corporate Responsibility and Leadership 2, no. 1 (2015): 51-76.
McLean, Gregory W. Leadership principles for the new ADP 6-22. ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES, 2012.
Miller, Billy, and Ken Turner. \\"Leading Organizational Change: A Leaders Role.\\" L103RB Reading, Command and General Staff College Curriculum (2016).
There is no assigned definition for mission command. This is to say that there are various definitions that have been floated in the past in an attempt to express this particular warfighting function. As a matter of fact, there are different definitions assigned to mission command under Army doctrine and the Joint Doctrine. In addition to highlighting what I learnt about mission command, this discussion will also assess how I intend to apply the philosophy as well as concepts of mission command in my future duty.
What I learnt about Mission Command
As per the Army Doctrine Publication 6-0, “mission command is the exercise of authority and direction by the commander using mission orders to enable disciplined initiative within the commander's intent to empower agile and adaptive leaders in the conduct of unified land operations” (U.S. Army, 2012, p. 1-3). On the other hand, mission command as per…
Irregular warfare refers to the violent process through which various non-state and state actors fight for influence and legitimacy over populations. While the full might of military power may be employed, irregular warfare generally uses asymmetric and indirect approaches to reduce the power, will, and influence of the adversary. Because of the irregular approaches, such a process is usually very “messy” and the actions during such a war cannot be distilled into a clear definite and repeatable process. The process is usually characterized by terrorism, counterterrorism, insurgency, and counterinsurgency (Department of Defense Washington DC, 2017).
Just like in any organization, the execution of war takes place at various levels from the tactical level to the top strategic level. One can understand irregular warfare by breaking it down into various levels. At the top strategic level, influence and control over the target population determine irregular warfare. At the operational level,…
Patton’s Employment of Mission Command: Siege of Bastogne
As a military leader, Patton is remembered for great accomplishments. As a matter of fact, his approach to leadership has led many to speculate that he was before his time in the military (reference module 6 notes). In many ways, Patton could also be remembered for his excellent application of what is now referred to as mission command. In basic terms, mission command has got to do with “the exercise of authority and direction by the commander using mission orders to enable disciplined initiative within the commander’s intent to empower agile and adaptive leaders in the conduct of Unified Land Operations” (Department of the Army (ADRP 5-0), 2012, p. 1-1). It is important to note that during his time as general, Patton made extensive utilization of mission command – and effectively employed the operations process in this endeavor (reference module 6 notes).…
Barron, L. (2015). Patton at the Battle of the Bulge: How the General’s Tanks Turned the Tide at Bastogne. New York, NY: Penguin Publishing Group
Harvey, R., (2008). Maverick military leaders: The extraordinary battles of Washington, Nelson, Patton, Rommel, and others. New York, NY: Skyhorse Publishing
Morelock, J.D. (2015). Generals of the Bulge: Leadership in the U.S Army’s Greatest Battle. Stackpole Books.
Reference module 6 notes
A related finding is that there is a large correlation between employer attitude and the likelihood of reenlistment.
In this light, it is suggested that the most likely solutions will focus upon the personal aspects that encourage or discourage reenlistment. Employers' respect and value of their reservist recruits is one aspect that can, for example, be easily controlled. Furthermore, reducing redeployment periods and showing an interest in reservists' concerns and needs are other strategies that are highlighted as focusing on the main problem areas that the literature has revealed. The main suggestion is that such strategies will be more likely to positively influence reservist retention than more conventional actions such as aggressive recruiting.
Army Structure; from 3-Brigade Division Units to Units of Action
At the Pentagon, briefings routinely begin with the old adage that
"the only thing constant today is change." Since the age of the Cold War, the United States Army has faced change at home and abroad, experiencing not only a massive transformation in technology and infrastructure, but also in the worldwide approach to warfare. As the end of front-line battles gave way to urban streets and insurgency, the Army transitioned its structural paradigm to mirror the rapidly shifting needs, abandoning the Three Brigade Division Units for Units of Action.
This organizational shift had roots in Capitol Hill politics and dissent internal to the Pentagon, but was a desperately needed restructuring to meet the needs presented by the Iraq War, vastly different than those experienced during the Cold War history. In the early 1950s, the Soviet forces overwhelmed many of the…
Army Problem Solving Model Process and the Rapid Decision Making and Synchronization Process Comparison
When comparing the Army Problem Solving Model Process and the Rapid Decision Making and Synchronization Process, there are fundamental characteristics that hold true for both processes. When each is investigated more deeply, the contrasts become evident. he surface comparisons can be seen as follows:
Both decision processes are used by the military to arrive at a viable solution as called for by certain situations.
Both processes are well established and often used by the Army.
Both decision capabilities are developed by Army personnel by means of practice and training.
Both capabilities are utilized according to the demands of specific situations.
Both capabilities involve a number of steps to arrive at the decision made according to the nature and demand of the situation at the time.
Steps of Rapid Decision Making and Synchronization Process
he Rapid Decision…
The six key mission areas in the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review report are:
Those six are: defend the United States and support civil authorities at home; conduct counterinsurgency, stability, and counterterrorist operations; build partnership capacity; deter and defeat aggression in anti-access environments; impede proliferation and counter weapons of mass destruction; operate effectively in cyberspace.
Being a military commander, General George W. Casey Jr. seems to be more focused on the well-being and capability of military personnel serving in combat. In terms of the six mission areas, he is therefore particularly concerned with enabling his subordinates to conduct counterterrorist operations and deter and defeat aggression, as well as counter weapons of mass destruction. He was very concerned with doing this in such a way as to maximize the well-being of those who served under him.
Celebrating Women of Character, Courage, And Commitment in Military
Women have always been an asset for the United States army. Ever since 1775, they were involved in nursing the ill and the wounded. They worked to mend and launder clothes and cook for the men. However, women became a part of the armed personnel in the 20th century and have been an invaluable asset ever since then. Our courage, commitment and character is remarkable and the United Army would not be what it is today without the women in it. As of right now, the women serve in 95% of all Army occupations. Furthered, they make 15.7% of the active army of the country. Women played their part to the benefit of their country. They take part in the operations and make sacrifices so that the army and ultimately the country is successful. The success of women in our army…
This is the gist of what U.S. Army Chief of Staff General George Casey told an editor from the Chief Executive Magazine, J.P. Donlon.
The U.S. military has learned that it must adopt to the new playing field in the world of war and violence; the military learned that as a result of the wars launched in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to Donlon. He asked Casey a number of cogent questions regarding how the army is coping with the challenge of a transformational change in strategy and tactics -- as a response to the new kind of war, terrorism.
One of the ways that Casey will lead his army into that pivotal strategic transformation is to educate himself. He is committed to leading the charge by becoming knowledgeable about how commercial civilian companies go about transforming themselves. In that vein, he will visit DELL, where he will focus on organizational…
Donlon, J.P. (2009). U.S. Army Chief of Staff Gen. George Casey: How the Army Manages
Transformation. Chief Executive Magazine.
Ethical Issues Facing the Army Leadership Today
The United States military is facing a host of ethical issues today. A number of allegations in recent months regarding questionable ethical behavior -- as well as that which is decidedly unethical -- have afflicted nearly every segment of the armed forces including the Navy, Air Force, National Guard, and the Marines. Moreover, these instances of amoral and immoral behavior have also been widely reported in the media, which is affecting public perception of this branch of the country so that the public's view of Army leadership's unethical conduct is a snapshot of the ethical problems facing the Army today. Allegations have involved a host of offenses including bribery, cheating on examinations, sexual assaults, inebriation, drug use, unwarranted behavior in combat situations, and others. This paper will illustrate a number of different dimensions of this situation, including the need for ethics at both…
ABC 7. (2014). Defense Secretary Hagel addresses ethical issues in military. www.wjla.com Retrieved from http://www.wjla.com/articles/2014/02/defense-secretary-hagel-addresses-military-ethics-99943.html
Baldor, L.C. (2014). Misconduct in Army forcing more soldiers out. www.military.com Retrieved from http://www.military.com/daily-news/2014/02/16/misconduct-in-army-forcing-more-soldiers-out.html
Bowman, T. (2014). New military ethics chief will face a full plate. www.npr.com Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2014/02/21/280759181/new-military-ethics-chief-will-face-a-full-plate
Johnson, K.D. (1974). Ethical issues of military leadership. Online Information for the Defense Community. Retrieved from http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA511023
Diversity-Why is it Important in Army
The term ‘diversity’ has commonly been used to describe the variations in characteristics among two or more individuals; it can cover visible (for instance, age, gender, race) as well as invisible (for instance, knowledge, values, culture) characteristics. Considering the attention paid to diversity by contemporary firms, understanding the reason for this focus on workforce diversity and what it implies within the armed forces personnel management context is valuable (Kamarck, 2017). Within the armed forces, the subject of diversity is complex in nature, conceptually as well as with respect to its administrative and more practical implications. Diversity constitutes one among the biggest and trickiest HR management challenges faced by military HR leaders in the last twenty to thirty years. Increased diversity in the areas of recruitment, employment and development has challenged conventional armed forces organizational principles, standards, outlooks, and beliefs. It has led to the…
Army Force Generation Model
In order for the armed forces to fight effectively, they need to be manned, equipped, and trained properly. The proposed changes would have an impact on all three areas, and this might result in an armed force that is not prepared to fight effectively. The reduction in budget will definitely require there be changes in the structuring of the armed forces. Reduction in manpower will be inevitable, and this would lead to few soldiers being sent to the battleground. Equipment shortages would also occur since there will be a reduction in funding and only utterly necessary equipment would be serviced or purchased. Training is the area that will be highly impacted. This is because there will be few man-hours for the soldiers to train and prepare for any eventuality. The most modern equipment will require highly trained personnel to man and operate it. The shortage of…
Congress, House. "Statement by Gen. Odierno before the House Armed Services Committee, First Session, 113th Congress on 18 September 2013." In Planning for Sequestration in Fiscal Year 2014 and Perspectives of the Military Services on the Strategic Choices and Management Review.
Department of Command, Leadership, and Management, United States Army War College. How the Army Runs: A Senior Leader Handbook, 2013-2014. Carlisle: PA: USAWC, 15 July 2013.
Military IT: Army Knowledge Online (AKO)
A Brief Reminder Of The Name And Purpose Of Your Chosen Information System
According to the site provided by Army Knowledge Online (AKO), the AKO system is the largest intranet in the world. ith more than 2 million users, the AKO is a single portal for active servicemen and women for both operational and personal use. (Rouse, p. 1) The system offers email services and access to mission information as well as various platforms for engagement with others and the sharing of critical military information and data.
Positive and negative impacts your information system has on the users of the system
The positive impacts of the AKO system are considerable. As this system has evolved over the course of two decades, it has become the primary military Information System for the establishment of an internal knowledge economy. Such is to say that the AKO…
Army Knowledge Online (AKO). (2013). Portal. AKOlogin.us.army.mil.
Defense Systems Staff (DSS). (2013). Army Knowledge Online Transitions to Next-Generation Enterprise Services. Defense Systems.com.
Rouse, M. (2011). Army Knowledge Online (AKO). What is.com.
equirement 1 -- unning Estimate
equirement 2 - The Problem
equirement 3 -- The Mission
equirement 4 -- Purpose and
equirement 5 -- CCIs
equirement 6 -- Commander's Judgement
equirement 7 -- COA Analysis
equirement 1 -- unning Estimate
Time management is one of the key elements in planning. There must be a balance between taking time to plan and creating synchronization, and maintaining the initiative that can be difficult to determine (AMY, 2012). A running estimate is important because it provides an assessment of the current operation against the planned baseline and establishes whether or not future contingent operations are still supportable.
Once the Japanese are aware of the angers and the guerillas presence, they are undoubtedly going to call for reinforcements as well as consider executing the POW held in the camp. Since the camp is also a transit post, then timing is even that much…
Army. (2004). ADRP 1-02. Department of the Army.
ARMY. (2012). ADRP 5-0. Department of the Army.
DoD. (2009). Joint PUblication 1-02. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms.
King, M. (1985). Leavenworth Papers. Combat Studies Institute, 1-58.
Informal and Collective Leadership
Many people believe that the leader in any group or organization is one of the most important factors necessary to achieve the group's objectives. As a result of the perceived importance of the formal leadership, this role receives a lot of attention and a plethora of research has been conducted to better understand the qualities and actions of leaders that can make them successful in a range of different situations. However, there are other aspects of leadership that are beginning to attract more attention extend the focus of leadership beyond the leader themselves. For instance, some research has focused on shared and distributed leadership as well as the related theories. As the Army continues to evolve into a new generation of warfare the need for decentralized command structures has grown more salient and thus the attention on leadership research has broaden its focus from…
Bass, B. (1999). Two decasdes in research and development in transformational leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 9-32.
Friedrich, T., Vessey, W., Schuelke, M., Ruark, G., & Mumford, M. (2009). A Framework for Collective Leadership. Retrieved from U.S. Army Research Institute: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a544438.pdf
Martin, D. (2007). The Collective Leadership Framework. Retrieved from Ethical Leadership: http://www.ethicalleadership.org/uploads/2/6/2/6/26265761/collective_leadership_framework_workbook.pdf
Appraisals are precision indicators that enable managers to rat their organizational and managerial performance. The appraisal of the U.S. army is not only regarded in America, but also globally. The respect shown to them is due to the worth of sacrifice and zeal in achieving their objective of protecting America. These appraisals enhance the assessment of its performance and enhance the career development of the soldiers. The HR Model encompasses such human practices of appraisal in the army through three ways, the Critical Incident Method, Paired Comparisons and from Peer Reviews. These appraisal techniques form the fundamental part of personal management.
Appraisal from the Critical Incident methods involves the identification and description of events where a soldier has exemplifies exceptional work or needs to improve. Supervisors records incidents of interest to improving the work experience. hether on the training ground or operational assignments, commanders recognize and correct soldiers…
Bernard, Rostker. Human Resource Models: An Overview. Center for Naval Analyses, Vol 370, pp 1-20, 1982.
Cook, D. & Mechner, F. Fundamentals of Programmed Instruction. In (S. Margulies & L. Eigen Eds.), Applied Programmed Instruction. London: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1962.
Gary, Kress, Batia, Sharon and David, Bassan. Work Motivation: Theory and Practice. U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, pp 2-92, 1981.
Jafari, Mostafa, Atieh Bourouni and Roozbeh Hesam Amiri. A New Framework for Selection of the Best Performance Appraisal Method. European Journal of Social Sciences Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 92-100, 2009.
S. Congress and president over the past 50 years to justify inordinately high levels of funding for projects that were not needed or where the money would have been better spent, particularly in terms of flood control along the Mississippi River and in the state of Louisiana where the impact of Hurricane Katrina highlighted their misguided efforts in recent years.
The research showed that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has a long and proud history of contributions to the country and members of the Corps have served in peacetime and combat roles since the Revolutionary ar and every war since. The Corps' original mission has expanded, though, but remains focused on managing the nation's waterways and risk management activities. The research also showed that the Corps contributed to America's victory in orld ar II in many ways, but the service has been the target of an increasing amount…
"About Us." 2009. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. [Online]. Available: http://www.usace.
Brown, Jerold E. Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Army. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001.
Coll, Blanche D., Jean E. Keith and Herbert H. Rosenthal. The Corps of Engineers: Troops and Equipment. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, 1958.
Ohio Army National Guard consists of a plethora of people who are seeking to make a difference in the world they serve. They will honor and protect the United States in all aspects of their life. This is done by using ships and plane to prepare for war or to help others if an epidemic should arise. These individuals are brave individuals who believe in changing lives for the positive through their hard work with the army. One will discuss in more detail what is proposed to make this part of the army better through much research and analysis.
Imagine studying the practices of those who are in Human esources in the Army National Guard (Association of African Universities, 2011). What will one discover through this process? Is he or she able to find sufficient evidence through this process in which discrimination is taking place among those who are not…
Association of African Universities. (2011). The role of human resource and management development. Retrieved June 23, 2011, from Association of African Universities: http://www2.aau.org/wghe/gender/toolkit/Toolkit-module3.pdf.
Department of Labor. (2011). Equal employment opportunity is the law. Retrieved June 23, 2011, from Department of Labor: http://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/posters/pdf/eeopost.pdf .
Draper, M. (2010). Referral and selection certificate. Springfield: Ohio Army National Guard.
Mattke, E. (2010). Employer hiring practices that discriminate against women in the United States. Ethics and Critical Thinking, 1-40.
The United States Army, however, eventually introduces its recruits to a real battlefield, whereas the America's Army video game does not. Participants in the "SeeMePlayMe" multiplayer online tournament of America's Army do not use real machine guns when they shoot at enemy troops and do not lose any limbs when they are shot in turn. hen people play America's Army, the shoot and kill enemy troops in a virtual world. They don't have to contend with any psychological trauma or long-term effects such as post-traumatic shock disorder, which army veterans often do experience. Finally, playing the America's Army video game does not expose players to any hazardous chemicals, whereas the Untied States Army does expose its troops to a number of toxic substances.
America's Army players can play when they want for however long, and don't have to follow anyone's orders except perhaps their parents'. In fact, one of the…
What is America's Army." Retrieved October 6, 2005 at http://www.thearmygame.com
Martin Army Medical Center, Fort Benning, Georgia and St. Francis Medical, Columbus Georgia
Because resources are by definition scarce, it is important for tertiary healthcare providers to develop healthcare delivery structures that are efficient and effective. Since every healthcare organization is unique, though, these delivery structures can vary widely in scope and purpose. To gain some fresh insights into the healthcare delivery structures that are used by civilian and military health facilities, this paper provides a comparison of Martin Army Medical Center at Fort Benning, Georgia with St. Francis Medical in Columbus, Georgia, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.
eview and Comparison
Martin Army Medical Center, Fort Benning, Georgia
Health care delivery structure. Opened in 1958, this is a U.S. Department of Defense facility operated by the U.S. Army that offers inpatient, outpatient and emergency services. At present, Martin Army Medical Center 250-bed,…
About St. Francis Hospital. (2012). St. Francis Hospital. Retrieved from http://www.
About us. (2012). Martin Army Community Hospital. Retrieved from http://www.martin.
After a long search and review of different systems, the committee decided to send their men to train at the Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy in Torrance, California (National Guard, 2012; lanton, 2008; Curtez, 2012). In time, it found the razilian Jiu-Jitsu taught in this Academy as meeting almost every aspect requirement of a military combatives program long sought by them. It was easy to learn, competitive and proven effective in hand-to-hand encounters. It detailed the techniques to be taught and in the proper order. It would first teach the basics of razilian Jiu-Jitsu ground fighting. Then it would proceed to throws and takedowns of judo and wrestling. This would be followed by the strikes of oxing and Muay Thai. All these initial steps could combine with a training phase on marksmanship and weapons towards a totally integrated system of close quarters combat. The committee saw that one could pass smoothly between…
Blanton, J.F. (2008). Hand-to-hand combatives in the U.S. Army. U.S. Army Command
and General Staff College. Retrieved on July 12, 2012 from http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA511484
Curtez, R. (2012). The history of the modern army combatives program. Army Combatives: Army Combatives Program. Retrieved on July 12, 2012 from http://www.armycombatives.org/the-history-of-the-modern-army-combatives-program
National Guard (2011). The history of modern army combatives. National Guard
U.S. Army Ethics: The Difficulties with Ethics in Certain Types of Organizations
Current Situation and Issues Addressed
Ethics matter in any kind of business or organization, but they are especially significant when it comes to the U.S. Army (Blackburn, 2001). The reason behind this involves the chain of command and the risk to life and limb that are such large parts of military life. When a soldier in the Army has no ethics, he or she can cause trust and respect problems with other members of his or her unit. The U.S. military is a stressful organization for most people involved with it, and people's lives are on the line frequently. Issues like PTSD and other medical problems are commonplace for those who leave the military and must adjust to civilian life, so it is very important that those who are in the Army work with their colleagues and higher-ups…
Blackburn, S. (2001). Being good: A short introduction to ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Fagothey, A. (2000). Right and Reason, IL: Tan Books & Publishers.
Mondy, R.W., & Mondy, J.B. (2012). Human resource management (12th ed.). NY: Pearson College Division.
Singer, P. (2000). Writings on an ethical life. London: Harper Collins Publishers.
Bonus Army Invades Washington
With his stirring yet scholarly account of one of America's defining internal conflicts, the Bonus Army's contentious 1932 march on Washington, historian Edward Robb Ellis manages to capture the shared desperation of both the destitute veterans protesting for proper pay, and the depleted government struggling to balance promises with pragmatism. Ellis' deftly written analytical article entitled The Bonus Army Invades Washington manages to convey with astonishing clarity the unique confluence of historical circumstances which led to the Bonus Expeditionary Force's fateful demonstration at the nation's capitol. Utilizing a narrative tone which is at once casual and cerebral, Ellis leads his reader from the killing fields of World War I to the postwar partisanship that plagued Washington, D.C. In the 1930's, covering the collective concerns of an unsteady nation by delving into the personal experiences of the major figures involved. Throughout the article, Ellis harnesses a subtly…
U.S. AMY EO Program
For quite some time now, the United States Army has been dedicated to the concept of equal opportunity employment and conditions for its employees to labor in. Such an environment is one devoid of sexism, racism, classicism, as well as of many of the discriminatory considerations and practices that, unfortunately, still are found in much of the country today. One of the chief areas in which such unwarranted behavior has the potential to become manifest within the military service (as well as within civilian life) is in the making of inappropriate remarks and jocular behavior based on ethnicity, sex, or several other factors that are germane to a certain demographic of people. A substantial body of literature exists that supports the notion that the military will not tolerate such behavior, and there are also fairly significant, structured steps to take to discipline anyone who transgresses…
No author. (2008). Army Regulation 600-20. Retrieved from http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/r600_20.pdf
No author. (1994). Department of the Army Pamphlet 350-20 Retrieved from http://www.armyg1.army.mil/eo/docs/dap350_20.pdf
Amateur Armies and Initial Advantages
Today, cliches about the valor of troops are part of the patriotic language of America. However, during the time of the Civil War, this was not always the case. The American army was relatively limited in size when the first shots were fired in the Civil War. In most states, the standing army had devolved into what effectively functioned more as social clubs than fighting units.[footnoteRef:1] This lack of concern about maintaining a standing army reflected the profound distrust so many Americans still felt for centralized authority and control. However, during the initial phases of the wartime struggle, volunteers were plentiful on the Union side, and it was the Confederate troops who were more unruly, as they had expected an easy victory against the Yankees. [footnoteRef:2] [1: Steven E. Woodworth, This Great Struggle: America's Civil War, (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2011), 44-45] [2: Woodworth,…
Woodworth, Steven E. This Great Struggle: America's Civil War. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2011.
Keeping My Army ID Card Safe and Secure
Whenever something occurs, especially one that may have dire consequences or effects, the first instance of which can be deemed as an "accident" or something that just so happens by mistake. When the similar event ensue a second time around, then there is already a trend and fault should be accorded to the person who committed the same flaw twice. The reason for not letting the fault pass a second time around is that the mere fact there was a reoccurrence of the event, the person has not learned the lesson at the first instance. Consequently, provision of punishment or penalty that is commensurate to the infraction is apropos in order for the person who committed the act to finally learn the wrongness of is way. Absent any sanction, then the person may again repeat the same mistake over and over until…
The Structure of the British Army Compared to a Civilian Business Organization
Military life, especially during combat situations, is difficult for the individual who has always been a civilian to imagine. The structure of the organization is rigid, strict control is maintained of all personnel, the management style is historically largely authoritarian, and conditions can be harsh. However, there are always people who volunteer for this service for many reasons. The individual lacks responsibility and wishes to gain it, there is a scarcity of sustainable employment, the promise of adventure awaits the soldier. Other reasons exist, every soldier or sailor has one, but whatever the reason when a person joins the military they soon understand the organization. There is no mystery regarding large goals or minor objectives. The British Army has a unique history and purpose that can be useful to companies that want to survive and remain successful…
Andrzejewski, S., 1954. Military organization and society. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
British Army., 2010. British army: An introduction. Retrieved December 15, 2010 from http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/2010_ARMY_Brochure_9.0_ (2).pdf
Caniglia, R.R., 2001. Leadership: U.S. And British approaches to force protection. Military Review, 81(4), pp. 72-81
Cassidy, R.M., 2005. The British army and counterinsurgency: The salience of military culture. Military Review, 85(3), pp. 53-64.
Group Structure & Unit Cohesiveness in the United States Army
This paper offers critical evaluation of the United States Army, giving clear, descriptive outlines of what is like to be a member of an elite unit with a perspective of the group structure and the meaning and values of the group. Bibliography cites no references.
The ability to function as a group member: there is no I in team.
There are many institutions and groups that have a strong hold and effect upon many individuals when the join, for instance, a young man just turned eighteen joins the Army, one of the biggest and most well-known groups within the world, whatever his reasons for joining there is a strong need to belong, to fit in and to achieve what his superiors are teaching him to its highest point.
The young man was myself, I joined the United States of America's…
There are no plans on the table to change current regulations that authorize the Army Black Beret for wear with the new ACU; however, there are discussions underway concerning whether the ACU will replace any uniform besides the Battle Dress Uniform and Desert Camouflage Uniform (the New Army Combat Uniform). According to the press release, "The ACU, including component materials, will be manufactured in the United States using the same industrial base that produces the current uniform, thereby, ensuring the highest quality control and assisting the American workforce" (the New Army Combat Uniform, p. 3). The Army's fact sheet on the new ACU also points out that a flame-resistant ACU (F ACU) version possesses the same design; however, this version is manufactured using of advanced fire-resistant fabrics (Army Combat Uniform, 2007).
An example of the new ACU is provided in Figure 1 below.
Figure 1. Soldier Wearing New Army Combat…
Army Combat Uniform. (2007, October). U.S. Army. [Online]. Available: https://peosoldier.army.mil/factsheets/SEQ_CIE_ACU.pdf.
Gertz, B. & Scarborough, R. (2006, December 15). Spy probe. The Washington Times, 6.
The new Army Combat Uniform. (2006, December 11). Army.com. [Online]. Available: http://www.army.com/articles/item/2502 .
Triggs, M. (2004, July 14). Army gets new combat uniform. Army Public Affairs. [Online]. Available: http://www4.army.mil/ocpa/read.php?story_id_key=6042.