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The Army must continually evolve its organizational culture to reach and exceed the high standards the organization sets for itself, and to fulfill its obligation to the nation as a whole. Soldiers in the Army should always be held accountable for their behaviors and contributions to the organization, but leadership and organizational culture are ultimately what sets the tone and establishes standards of officer comportment. Therefore, it is always important to recognize the role that leadership plays in cultivating the type of ethical climate conducive to effective military action.
The most pressing issues in army leadership and management include the establishment of an organizational climate that is solution-focused, built on a solid ethical footing. More specific issues at stake in army leadership relate to the ways current managers cultivate the talents and skills in their subordinates, recognizing high achievers or those with high potential and promoting leadership development within the…
THE STUFF IT IS MADE OF
A Sacred Agreement and Commitment
Entering the Army is a big and serious decision, which begins with an oath. When Army leaders, soldiers and civilians take the oath, they bind themselves to a sacred agreement and commitment to the country and their subordinates (Schoomaker, 2006). As history witnesses, these men and women of the Army demonstrated exceptional courage, sacrifice and patriotism in numerous battlefields, all the way from the Revolutionary War to the contemporary War on Terrorism. This display of extraordinary capabilities can as well be seen in their orderly rooms, offices, motor pools and training areas not only within national boundaries but throughout the world where they are found. They exemplify the same capabilities and characteristics despite difficulties, wants and risks in the execution of their tasks and expectations. For their heroism, they deserve nothing less than a capable, professional, and…
Schoomaker, P.J., U.S. Army General (2006). Army leadership. Field Manual FM
6-22 (FM 22-100). Headquarters, Department of the Army.
So was this true for Cornwallis, who must bear the
dubious association of his side's historical failure to retain the American
colonies even as evidence suggests that his best efforts were extended as
exemplary traits of leadership. Certainly, as Buchanan reports, "it is
also a measure of his leadership that in all the actions in which we have
observed him his militia performed like seasoned regulars." (Buchanan, 190)
This relationship between leader and organizational members is an expected
demand of the military.
Perhaps more surprising and pleasing with consideration of unique
anecdotal detail of the Buchanan text is the core competency listed by the
military requiring "the ability to operate in an environment, encompassing
higher and lower command structures, and using one's influence outside the
traditional chain of command." (DoA, 67) This means that a leader is
expected even such formally and bureaucratically impacted contexts to hold
a certain degree…
Buchanan, J. (1999). The road to Guilford Courthouse: The American
Revolution in the Carolinas. Wiley.
Department of the Army (DoA). (2006). Army Leadership: Competent,
Confident, and Agile (FM6-22). Defense Link. Online at
Course No -- Leadership
It had often been said earlier that leadership is an inherent quality in certain individuals, but there are also leaders who are made through management institutions, by organizations, through institutions like the armed forces and even through political relationships, etc. There are certain qualities that a leader must have or develop to be a leader and remain a leader and those are the subject matter of discussion now.
The situation in the world is changing and it has come to a position in the beginning of the twenty-first century, that certain characteristics are seen as requirements for being able to influence future changes. Some of them are the ability to bring together individuals as much as possible for them to take a collective action, demonstrate collaborative decision and inclusive decision making for the entire group, maintain a flexible and responsive reaction in reference to all…
"Devolution in Practice: An Update" Retrieved from http://www.wkkf.org/Pubs/Devolution/Pub3623.pdf Accessed 10 September, 2005
"Leadership" Retrieved from http://www.productivesolutions.com.au/leadership.htm Accessed 10 September, 2005
Leboeuf, Maureen K. "Developing a Leadership Philosophy" Retrieved from http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/milreview/leboeuf.htm
Accessed 10 September, 2005
Phase 1 Discussion Board
Sustainability science is the study of sustainability. This starts with defining sustainability, and then figuring out how to apply this concept to different types of human activity. My research falls into sustainability science is that it is related to the issue of water management. Water is a critical resource for survival, and it is important that we find ways to manage the supply of water better in order to ensure survival. There are many people in Africa who do not have clean drinking water (most people, actually) so this is a very important issue.
I see sustainability as an interdisciplinary science. Transdisciplinary goes beyond interdisciplinary, where researchers work outside their own specialty to tackle holistic problems. Sustainability certainly qualifies as holistic but it is a massive issue that affects all life on earth, so it is not something that a scientist, politician or any other…
Ethical Issues Facing the Army Leadership Today
The United States military is facing a host of ethical issues today. A number of allegations in recent months regarding questionable ethical behavior -- as well as that which is decidedly unethical -- have afflicted nearly every segment of the armed forces including the Navy, Air Force, National Guard, and the Marines. Moreover, these instances of amoral and immoral behavior have also been widely reported in the media, which is affecting public perception of this branch of the country so that the public's view of Army leadership's unethical conduct is a snapshot of the ethical problems facing the Army today. Allegations have involved a host of offenses including bribery, cheating on examinations, sexual assaults, inebriation, drug use, unwarranted behavior in combat situations, and others. This paper will illustrate a number of different dimensions of this situation, including the need for ethics at both…
ABC 7. (2014). Defense Secretary Hagel addresses ethical issues in military. www.wjla.com Retrieved from http://www.wjla.com/articles/2014/02/defense-secretary-hagel-addresses-military-ethics-99943.html
Baldor, L.C. (2014). Misconduct in Army forcing more soldiers out. www.military.com Retrieved from http://www.military.com/daily-news/2014/02/16/misconduct-in-army-forcing-more-soldiers-out.html
Bowman, T. (2014). New military ethics chief will face a full plate. www.npr.com Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2014/02/21/280759181/new-military-ethics-chief-will-face-a-full-plate
Johnson, K.D. (1974). Ethical issues of military leadership. Online Information for the Defense Community. Retrieved from http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA511023
The Army offers unparalleled opportunities for leadership development, and not just at the theoretical level but also at the practical and applied stages. Nowhere is leadership more important than in the military, which is why the principles taught in this course will continue to resonate with me as I progress in my career. While every lesson has something to offer, the modules on leadership theories and on ethics have proved especially helpful for me to gain insight into different styles and approaches. For example, Big Man theory, trait theory, and situational leadership theories all apply to the Army. Because I have a better understanding of the diversity of leadership styles, my attitudes about leadership have changed since taking this course. Some leaders are more effective as transactional managers, focused on specific tasks and goals, but lack the big picture vision that sets apart servant leaders and visionary leaders. I appreciate…
Informal and Collective Leadership
Many people believe that the leader in any group or organization is one of the most important factors necessary to achieve the group's objectives. As a result of the perceived importance of the formal leadership, this role receives a lot of attention and a plethora of research has been conducted to better understand the qualities and actions of leaders that can make them successful in a range of different situations. However, there are other aspects of leadership that are beginning to attract more attention extend the focus of leadership beyond the leader themselves. For instance, some research has focused on shared and distributed leadership as well as the related theories. As the Army continues to evolve into a new generation of warfare the need for decentralized command structures has grown more salient and thus the attention on leadership research has broaden its focus from…
Bass, B. (1999). Two decasdes in research and development in transformational leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 9-32.
Friedrich, T., Vessey, W., Schuelke, M., Ruark, G., & Mumford, M. (2009). A Framework for Collective Leadership. Retrieved from U.S. Army Research Institute: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a544438.pdf
Martin, D. (2007). The Collective Leadership Framework. Retrieved from Ethical Leadership: http://www.ethicalleadership.org/uploads/2/6/2/6/26265761/collective_leadership_framework_workbook.pdf
Leadership is a term that can mean many things to many people in many situations. It can refer to a sergeant in the U.S. Army leading his men through minefields to track down enemy combatants in Afghanistan. It can mean the fastest car in a NASCAR race and it can allude to the young man in a Sunday School class who takes over competently when the regular teacher is unable to be present.
When discussing leadership it is helpful to use examples of people who showed leadership in various ways. The best-selling book by Michael Abrashoff (It's Your Ship: Management Techniques from the Best Damn Ship in the Navy) offers a wonderful glimpse into how a captain took over a Navy ship that was ranked very low in its capabilities because of a number of serious problems with personnel, with equipment, and obviously with leadership.
In Abrashoff's book the author…
2. Leadership analysis of the two former Arab leaders
Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Alnahyan and Saddam Hussein were two great Arab leaders that significantly influenced the Arab world, but there is very little resemblance in their leadership styles. As a manner of manifestation, the two had very distinct leadership styles, although their objective was somewhat common: the prosperity and unity of the Arab world.
2.1. General leadership analysis
The two Arab leaders had similar objectives, the unification of the Arab world, but different leadership styles, almost opposite.
Saddam Hussein exerted an autocratic leadership style that consisted in the strict surveillance of his subordinates, informational flows directed mostly up-down, inspiring fear to his subordinates, using fear as a way of control.
In opposition, Sheikh Zayed exerted a democratic leadership style, having as most main traits: sociability, flexibility, cooperation, communication, open spirit and friendly environment. The democratic leadership style is the most…
Saddam Hussein (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saddam_Hussein#Secular_leadership .
DuBrin, Andrew J. (2005). Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills. Fifth Edition. Chapter 1: The Nature and Importance of Leadership. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at http://college.hmco.com/business/dubrin/leadership/5e/chapters/chapter1.html.
DuBrin, Andrew J. (2005). Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills. Fifth Edition. Chapter 2: Traits, Motives, and Characteristics of Leaders. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at http://college.hmco.com/business/dubrin/leadership/5e/chapters/chapter2.html.
DuBrin, Andrew J. (2005). Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills. Fifth Edition. Chapter 7: Power, Politics, and Leadership. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at http://college.hmco.com/business/dubrin/leadership/5e/chapters/chapter7.html.
Leadership - Central Core of Organizational Success
Effective Leadership in Corporations
you didn't mentioned anything about (For each theory explain how it might benefit a named organisation as well as how it could be incorporated effectively into the organisation.
Introduction to Leadership
What is leadership? A leader could be interpreted as someone who sets direction in an effort and influence people to flow the direction, helps them to establishment to goal, guides them towards achieves these goals, thereby allowing them to be effective. A leader is one who influences others to attain goals. he greater the number of followers correlates to the greater the influence. Additionally, the more successful the attainment of worthy goals, the more evident is the leadership. However, one must explore beyond this bare definition to capture the excitement and intrigue that devoted followers and students of leadership feel when they see a great leader in action.…
Transactional leadership was described by Max Webber in 1947, and then by Bernard Bass in 1981. The transactional leadership theory is widespread and commonly used inorganizations (e.g. military). It is based on transactions or deals made between an employee and an organization or between followers and leaders. A transactional leadership is based on a military like clear chain of command with a 'Carrot and Stick' philosophy. In short, it is a proven method of running an organization wherein, through reward and punishment, things are done! The main motivation behind transactional leadership is taught to be in the self-interest of the subordinate. There is an exchange process that is meant to affect a subordinate's behaviour in a positive way.
Transactional leadership works well in organizations that have a need for absolute and immediate response to authority, and where innovation is not a valued variable. A good example of this theory applied to an industry is the type of country-rebuilding that occurs after a war. The operations of the mercenary army company of Blackwater USA. It is not an accident that Blackwater USA leadership mirrors that of the military, since the company is, in effect, an army.
If one is familiar with Maslow's hierarchy of needs, then one will understand that this transactional leadership theory will work on people, whose needs in the bottom half of the
As a political leader, we can refer to Napoleon Bonaparte and his actions as First Consul and Emperor of the French. The shared goal with his followers was to promote the French Revolution ideals in Europe through continental domination and, at the same time, to bring glory to the country and its army. Napoleon's soldiers, the 'followers', believed in the ideals of French supremacy and glory in Europe and fought for 20 years to achieve it, from Spain to Russia.
As a community leader, Martin Luther King is an example of how the interests of a community (in this case of a minority) could be promoted and defended through direct action. Again, the social component is very important in characterizing this leadership example, as well as the common objectives that the followers and leader strived to achieve.
As a religious leader, Mohammed is the best example of the social interaction…
Leadership Style Book Review: Summary of Book
"Blessed are the flexible, for they shall not be broken," reads the quotation on the title page of 17 Essential Qualities of a Team Leader: Becoming the Kind of Person Every Team ants, by management guru John C. Maxwell. The word 'leadership' on its own often brings to mind rather stultifying and outdated modalities of leading by command, much like a general, or cliches about being true to one's values. Besides, few readers will be put in charge of a military unit, or hold the title of CEO -- but virtually every individual who participates in the business world will one day either lead or be part of a team designated to work on a particular product or target area of interest for the company.
To suit the needs of today's marketplace and corporate structure, thus John C. Maxwell offers a different concept…
Maxwell, John. (2002) 17 Essential Qualities of a Team Leader: Becoming the Kind of Person Every Team Wants. Atlanta, Georgia: Maxwell Motivation, Inc.
Many of these modern characteristic of a leader have been passed down to us in the form of the business and political leaders. For example, a company leader or business manager nowadays will certainly be required to have charisma, to be able to organize his personnel so as to obtain the desired strategic and tactical results. It is by being a respected personality and by a certain charisma that the leader is able to impose his will over the rest of the employees. This is perhaps the best reflection of a meritocracy at work, as well as that of its most important benefits.
The meritocracy-based leadership view is certainly the most inspiring. There are several reasons for this. First of all, this type of view guarantees that the best leaders make it to the top rather than that they are selected based on birth and rank criteria. This will guarantee…
After the departure of LTC wood the lieutenant colonel that was in command a battalion in the 56th Heavy Brigade Combat Team (HBCT), there was a change of command. There was a new brigade leadership team that assumed responsibility for the period of pre-deployment and train-up. The paper will look at an analysis of the leadership problem that the new brigade leadership had. There will be a proposal on the solving of the leadership problem and finally an analysis of the expected outcome from the solutions that have been proposed.
There was an indication that the leadership performed well within Afghanistan given the circumstances. However there were various leadership challenges that were presented which required attention. First of all there were incompatible communication systems that crippled command and communication throughout the brigade. Due to the varied battlefield, electronic and environmental conditions leaders were often required to carry…
Cherry, K.(2013).What is problem solving? Retrieved July 20, 2013 from http://psychology.about.com/od/problemsolving/f/problem-solving-steps.htm
Sieck, W.(2013). Critical Thinking Skills: What are They and How Do I Get Them? Retrieved July 20, 2013 from http://www.globalcognition.org/head-smart/critical-thinking-skills/
SkillsYouNeed.com.(2013). Problem Solving. Retrieved July 22, 2013 from http://www.skillsyouneed.com/ips/problem-solving.html
University of Kent Careers and Employability Service. (2010). Problem Solving and Analytical Skills. Retrieved July 20, 2013 from http://www.kent.ac.uk/careers/sk/problem-solving-skills.htm
Leadership of Wellington
The British general Arthur Wellesley beautifully fits the model of a maverick military commander offered by obert Harvey in his work Maverick Military Leaders, the Extraordinary Battles of Washington, Nelson, Patton, ommel, and Others. Maverick Military Leaders discusses Wellesley's first (and significant) battle against Maratha forces at the Battle of Assaye. In Harvey's formulation, the future Duke of Wellington can be understood to exhibit most, if not all, of the sixteen traits found in successful battlefield commanders; and indeed, Wellington would go on to defeat Napoleon and end the putative emperor's reign at the decisive Battle of Waterloo in 1815. The victory at Waterloo would secure Britain's position as a great power vis a vis continental politics and affairs for the next century-and-a-half. It can be fairly said that the qualities of leadership that Wellesley displayed at Assaye were a precursor in his eventually becoming one of…
Cavendish, Richard. (2003) History Today. www.historytoday.com/richard-cavendish/battle-assaye
Harvey, R. (2008). Maverick Military Leaders, the Extraordinary Battles of Washington, Nelson, Patton, Rommel, and Others. Skyhorse Pub Co Inc.
And certainly those men and women that have the ability to be trained, and have the character and judgment and willingness to be led before they are ready to lead, are certainly ready become military leaders. And just as a diamond must have three properties to become a diamond -- carbon, head, and pressure -- a leader must have three properties as well -- "character, knowledge, and application" (UC).
In conclusion, inspiring troops as they go into harm's way is the solemn, august responsibility of military leaders. The traits that a leader must have in order to lead and inspire, include: engendering trust; be willing to assume the same risks as those he is leading; be competent and cooperative and have sound judgment; and have the character and knowledge to know what to do and when to do it.
Crandall, Doug. (2006). Leadership Lessons from est Point. Hoboken,…
Crandall, Doug. (2006). Leadership Lessons from West Point. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Harvey, Robert. (2008). Maverick Military Leaders: The Extraordinary Battles of Washington,
Nelson, Patton, Rommel and others. New York: Skyhorse Publishing.
Sweeney, Patrick J. (2010). Do Soldiers Reevaluate Trust in Their Leaders Prior to Combat
Leadership Styles Among Male and Female Principal
It is the intention of this research to study the leadership and cognitive styles of teachers and instructors of both genders within the educational system and their preference for types of leadership in a principal of that institution.
The research will include teachers and educators from all levels of the educational system from grade school to high school. The study will also include teachers and instructors from all major academic fields of study offered in public and private schools. The studies conducted thus far in the educational arena indicate that teachers are equally inclined towards different cognitive styles.
Teachers prefer a mix of idealist, analytical and realistic cognitive styles of leadership in their Principals. Studies have also indicated that teachers prefer that principals are people oriented and task oriented in their approach to running the school or institution. In addition, teachers also prefer…
Berens, Linda V., and Dario Nardi. Personality Types, Descriptions for Self-Discovery. New York: Telos Publications, 1999.pp.
Blake, R.R., H. Shepherd, and Jane Srygley Mouton. Managing Intergroup Conflict in Industry. Houston, Tx: Gulf Publishing Company, 1964.pp.
Blau, Francine D., Marianne A. Ferber, and Anne E. Winkler. The Economics of Women, Men, and Work. Prentice-Hall Series in Economics. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2002.pp. xviii, 446
Bossert, S.T., et al. "The Instructional Management Role of the Principal." Educational Administration Quarterly 18.3 (1982): 34-64.
3. Group participants can in many situations be empowered to contribute to decision-making, however this should be contingent on the situation. In situations such as those I encounter as a Squad Leader, the overall strategy is not always immediately evident. In this situation, the followers should be expected to maintain a high level of dedication to task regardless of whether or not they understand the full ramifications of their actions. In civilian life, where perhaps the stakes are lower, a company can succeed by empowering employees because the ability to make a contribution can increase their dedication to the task and to overall objectives. This is more reasonable because the objectives are often transparent throughout the organization. In addition, the organizational culture is one of employment at will, where there is no implicit dedication to the organization. Engagement from the employees is dependent on their feeling of empowerment. When the…
The only constant in life is change. Perhaps, it is the recognition of this fact that led the management guru, Peter Drucker, to observe, "Leaders grow; they are not made." Peter Drucker's words are significant because they imply that the test of true leadership lies in the ability to grow by leading change (1999). Indeed, some of the world's greatest leaders such as Franklin D. oosevelt, Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King are admired precisely because they possessed such a quality: "Effective leadership, research suggests ... is a function of the situation in which it is found." (Kotter, 1988, p. 21) Thus, it is evident that good leaders are people who continuously engage in a process of change in order to secure a better future.
The examples of oosevelt, Gandhi, and King also serve to illustrate another quality that a good leader must possess, which is the quality of…
Drucker, P. (1999, June). The new commandments of change. Excerpt from Management
Challenges for the 21st Century. Inc. Magazine. Retrieved Nov. 7, 2004: http://www.inc.com/magazine/19990601/804.html
Harris, T.E. (1993). Applied Organizational Communication: Perspectives, Principles and Pragmatics. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Heart Quotes Center. (2004). Leadership Quotes and Proverbs. Retrieved Nov. 7, 2004:
Conversely, those who are psychologically insecure, mistrustful of others without cause, and who regularly project negative expectations onto social interactions tend to make other uncomfortable and to provoke negative responses from others (Maxwell, 2007; Fitch, 2010).
This point can be illustrated by the following example. A male Soldier (PVT John Doe) arrives to his first unit after graduation from basic training. He hasn't taken any initiative within his team, does only what he is told, and fails to show any leadership qualities. A female Soldiers reports to the same unit during the same time and is promoted ahead of her peers because she take the initiative and gets the mission accomplished.
Those who lead with anger does more damage than the good they were hoping for. It tears down the fabric, the pride that unite an organization are costumed to having. The command climate of an organization is a true…
Given the extensive demands put upon the military, which is currently fighting two wars on two different fronts, prioritization of resources, even regarding recreational services, is essential.
The men and women served must believe that the organization has a strong sense of integrity, and truly believes that it has their best interests at heart: this is true of the military in terms of how it secures the safety of personnel, but also on a much smaller level in terms of the comforts enjoyed by them on base. When people trust their leaders, they are more apt to accept changes (Maxwell 2000, p.67). Being flexible to the ever-shifting social needs of the armed services is demanded in a world characterized by change. AAFES has begun offering discounts on laptops, for example, and other electronic services that are needed when members of the military take classes or use computers to stay in…
AAFES. (2010). Army and Air Force Exchange Service. Retrieved July 14, 2010 at http://www.aafes.com/default_s.aspx
Maxwell, John C. (2000). Developing the leader within you. Nelson.
They forget about their daily problems and feel transformed. By the time the war is over, the myth of a noble cause worth dying for will seem to have dissolved, but in the beginning dissent amounts to political suicide.
Barbara J. Lee, instead of going along with the crowd and mouthing the popular view, chose to demand that we question and examine our society and ourselves. She apparently recognizes that when we stop doing that, our moral fabric is eroded and replaced by a warped version of reality. Ms. Lee refused to accept the warped version. She was willing to be the only representative to speak out against making a "preemptive strike," that is, invading a small country that did nothing to us. Thus, she risked being labeled "unpatriotic" which could lose her an election.
Artists, musicians, and poets are usually the socially conscious dissenters in society, but during wartime,…
Patton, no doubt had loyal subordinates that worked as a team to carry out his orders making them successful. This is another thing that made him such a great leader. He had the favor of his superiors and the respect and loyalty of his subordinates. Some may view his manner of speech as unorthodox, but overall it worked for him. He was aggressive and tenacious and did not give up. He may have been born with these qualities, but his military schooling and extracurricular activities probably helped to fully develop them.
As successful as Patton was, he was not immune to making poor decisions and terrible mistakes. Because Patton had a tough interior and exterior, he expected this of his subordinates. He was known to slap men whom he felt were showing signs of weakness. He did this to a few subordinates during visits to hospitals around the time of…
Ethier, E. (2001). Patton races to Messina. American History, 36(1), 38.
Harvey, R. (2008). Maverick military leaders: the extraordinary battles of Washington, Nelson, Patton, Rommel, and others. New York: Skyhorse Publishing.
Niderost, E. (2006). A fool's errand. World War II, 21(4), 30-80.
Shane, T. (1943). These are the generals -- Patton. Saturday Evening Post, 215(32), 19-82.
I was walking around the store last week. I saw something that was somewhat familiar, but a little bit different. I won't go into the details for proprietary reasons, but this was a product that I had two thoughts about. The first was that I didn't have a need for it myself. The second is that I have a friend who might. He has a small business that he is trying to get off the ground and he is looking for additional merchandising opportunity to help raise funds. This product was actually a great fit for his business, but I knew he didn't have anything like it yet.
I thought I should get the information of the manufacturer and send that to my friend. He could find out what the price point on the product was, if he could get his logo on it, and all those…
George Washington is one of the most well-known figures in the history of United States of America. His finest qualities are everlasting and have need of modest explanation. Not only Washington was a man of incredible uprightness and audacity but he was also a staunch believer in rendering selfless service to the country he was the founder of. His inimitable leadership qualities led his contemporaries to recognize him as "The Father of His Country." Washington possessed an ingenious, consumerist and charitable nature. He ascertained the maximum principles over and over again for his own dealings and hardly ever disappointed others. To cut a long story short, George Washington made it obvious that the individuals of character are enough to manage governments and lead armies in the most excellent manner ("Exploring George Washington's Leadership").
However, as far as my opinion is concerned, I think that Washington's high moral character…
Exploring George Washington's Leadership. (n.d.). Mount Vernon. Retrieved December 28, 2001, from http://www.mountvernon.org/sites/mountver
Washington, W. (1931). The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799 - Vol. 13. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved December 28, 2001, from http://www.questia.com/read/58401186/the-writings-of-george-washington-from-the-original
There are several other reasons in favor of participative management: employees take pride in the responsibility they have been given and work hard to prove their worth; changes that occur are accepted more easily than in the case of autocratic leadership; there is a strong relationship between manager and workers and when the first identifies problems in various areas, he can turn to his employees for help.
In a nutshell, the democratic way of running a company promotes a horizontal organizational structure rather than a vertical hierarchy and its main advantages revolve around: team work, strong and honest relationship between manager and employees, open and clear communication and encouragement of individual's creativity.
Project Management Issues and Considerations, Project Management Consulting, page 5, AEW Services, February 2002, accessed on July 4th 2006
Leadership Styles, Donald Clark, created May 11th 1997, last updated September 28th 2005, accessed on July 4th…
Project Management Issues and Considerations, Project Management Consulting, page 5, AEW Services, February 2002, accessed on July 4th 2006
Leadership Styles, Donald Clark, created May 11th 1997, last updated September 28th 2005, accessed on July 4th 2006
He explained that it was not popularity and looking good to others that should constitute success. It was what one struggled over and kept him thinking all night. He specifically spoke about President Truman's difficult decision to use nuclear weapons and his own military decision to risk lives (Roberts). According to him, the first rule about leadership is to take charge when in command (Saint 2001). The second rule is to always do what is right. He said that the challenge of leadership is to inspire others or followers to perform what they normally would not do. He described great leaders are "ordinary people in extraordinary times." According to him, great leaders are in history books because they responded adequately to the demand of extra ordinary times. He also said that leaders must take the time to train future leaders coming up through the ranks (Saint).
Schwarzkopf's adept leadership in…
Blumenson, M. (2004). Patton legend. 6 pages. Army: Association of the United States Army
Campbell, a (2007). Biography of General George S. Patton, Jr. 5 pages. Cape May County Herald. Retrieved on May 26, 2008 at http://www.generalpatton.com/biography.htm;
Carter, J.C. And Finer, M.S. (2004). A survey of leadership. 8 pages. Infantry Magazine: U.S. Army Infantry School
Fisher, K. And M. (2000). H. Normal Schwarzkopf. 4 pages. CarpeNoctem. Retrieved on May 27, 2008 at http://www.carpenoctem.tv.military/schwarzhopf.htm
This is the importance of the DO in Be-Know-DO-Learn.
And finally, the Army adds "learn" to the strategy. It seems pretty obvious what this part of the strategy means, but on the other hand there is an important ingredient here that may not be obvious. A leader doesn't just go to a prestigious officer's training school like est Point, learn a lot and come out ready to stay an effective leader. He needs to be willing to and have the capacity to "learn continuously." He must have a strong desire to be updated, to see himself as an educated educator; he must ask questions and not just disseminate information.
Ask questions and seek new knowledge. That's what General Savage did very well, and it rubbed off on his men, just the way he planned it. But even the best laid plans of Generals and Colonels can go awry, if there…
Be-Know-Do-Learn. (2006). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Original Publication written by Francis Hesselbein & Eric Shinseki. Retrieved May 14, 2008, at http://hq.usace.army.mil/cepa/learning/2.htm.
Twelve O'Clock High. (1949) Twentieth Century Fox. Director, Henry King.
Vincent, E. (2003). Nelson and mission command: Edgar Vincent analyses the Spectacularly successful, and surprisingly modern, leadership strategy of Horatio
Nelson. History Today, 53(6), 18-20.
The City Ethics poject povides extensive assistance to public-secto oganizations in the following aeas: kkeynote speeches on govenment ethics, employee taining at all levels, goup pesentations and wokshops designed fo specific oganizational needs, guidance in the development of compehensive ethics pogams on a state, city, o county level, eview of existing ethics pogams, dafting and impoving codes of ethics, ethical issue suveys, and guidance on the application of fedeal standads in ethics such as in connection with the Sabanes-Oxley Act and the Fedeal Sentencing Guidelines.
The Oganizational Change Management website seems to be a egisty fo businesses. Thee is no identifying infomation fo the oganization besides an email contact link fo inquiies into adding URLs to the website. On one hand, that suggests that the pupose of the ventue is to geneate fees fom websites and othe fo-pofit ventues with an online pesence. Natually, that aises…
references to authoritative sources of information.
Website #5 -- The Ross Institute Internet Archives for the Study of Destructive
Cults, Controversial Groups and Movements
( http://www.rickross.com/aboutus.html )
The Ross Institute Internet Archives for the Study of Destructive Cults, Controversial Groups and Movements is a New Jersey-based nonprofit, tax-exempt organization dedicated to public education and research. Its organizational mission is to "study destructive cults, controversial groups and movements and to provide a broad range of information and services easily accessible to the public for assistance and educational purposes." The organization was founded by Rick A. Ross, whose credentials are not listed. However, the organization's advisory board is composed of practicing attorneys and professors, all of whom have practiced in areas related to organizational behavior, particularly in connection with dysfunctional organizational cultures that have resulted in large-scale ethics and legal violations.
Leadership and Diversity
What would you consider?
I would consider that this is a very diverse group. Group members come from different ethnicities. The "Asian Group" is the strongest as it consists of four group members: Julie, Jinsoo, Arash and Harpeet. There is only one American: John. There is only one representative of Europe: Tom. Group members are of different age ranging between 30 years (Harpeet) and 51 years (Julie). Group members are also of different gender. There are two women: Julie and Harpeet, both of them having an Asian background. Both their gender and ethnicity and the fact that they are a minority in the group will probably make them prone to develop a closer relationship (e.g., be allies) than to the rest of the group. The rest of the four group members are males. I would find it also important that the group members share different religious beliefs.…
Cultural Diversity. Retrieved 28 September 2011 from www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/diversity_lsn.pdf.
Moon, M.M.M. (1997). Understanding the Impact of Cultural Diversity on Organizations: 1-31. Retrieved 28 September 2011 from www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/acsc/97-0607c.pdf.
Team Conflict Management Strategies to Grow Your Organization: 1-4. Retrieved 28 September 2011 from www.mdbgroup.com/conflict1.html.CachedSimilar
But to a certain extent his distanced perspective, his hope and optimism, and also his willingness to listen to the grievances of both sides is what made him such a historically great peacemaker ("George Mitchell," Understanding Northern Ireland: BBC News, 2008). He refused to take 'no' for an answer, when people said that no compromise was possible.
Patience is one of Mitchell's most notable qualities, even though at the time some of his critics said "he gave too much latitude to participants in the talks who were over-fond of their own opinions" ("George Mitchell," Understanding Northern Ireland: BBC News, 2008). But without such unfailing patience, the final peace settlement could never have occurred. The final talks that cumulated in a politically inclusive agreement, the establishment of a chief executive agreeable to both parties, and the agreement of all paramilitary groups to hand over their weapons took thirty-six hours of nonstop…
George Mitchell." Understanding Northern Ireland: BBC News. 3 Mar 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/northern_ireland/understanding/profiles/george_mitchell.stm
Definitions / Descriptions of Trait Leadership
According to Peter Northouse's book, trait leadership focuses on identifying several qualities: intelligence, self-confidence, determination, integrity and sociability. Published in 2009, Northouse's book (Leadership: Theory and Practice) goes into great detail as to what constitutes trait leadership and what behaviors and values do not qualify vis-a-vis trait leadership. Northouse isn't alone in providing narrative that defines and describes trait leadership. A University of Cincinnati publication (Army Leadership Traits & ehaviors) explains that leadership trait theory focuses on a leader's: a) values and beliefs; b) personality; c) confidence; and d) mental, physical, and emotional attributes (www.uc.edu).
In the book The Anatomy of Leadership (West, 2000), the author asserts that trait leadership "makes the assumption" that there are "distinctive physical and psychological characteristics" -- above and beyond standard leadership -- that account for the effectiveness of a leader. Those traits include "height, attractiveness, intelligence,…
Bazerman, Max H., and Tenbrunsel, Ann E. 2011. 'Ethical Breakdowns,' Harvard Business Review. Retrieved January 10, 2013, from http://hbr.org .
Dowie, Mark. 1977. 'Pinto Madness,' Mother Jones. Retrieved January 10, 2013, from http://www.motherjones.com .
Gioia, Dennis A. 1994. 'Pinto Fires and Personal Ethics: A Script Analysis of Missed Opportunities', in The Ford Pinto Case: A Study in Applied Ethics, Business, and Technology, D. Birch and J. Fielder, Eds. State University of New York: Albany, NY.
Leggett, Christopher. 1999. 'The Ford Pinto Case: The Valuation of Life As It Applies To The Negligence-Efficiency Argument,' Retrieved January 10, 2013, from http://www.wfu.edu .
Managing Army Change
Force Management Discussion Paper (ASSIGNMENT)
You may use the lessons (please request additional information if needed), readings and references (have been provided) to help you answer the questions. Reference the documents titled "F100 Lessons Overview" for determining if additional topic discussions (lessons) may be needed. Cite the sources you used to answer the discussion topics. Use footnotes (Turabian style) of documentation; do not use parenthetical citations. This includes direct quotations, paraphrases, and summaries of the assigned readings, doctrinal references, or outside sources.
In academic writing, do not use first-person or passive voice.
Read the question thoroughly, and make sure you are answering the question being asked. As you formulate your responses, do NOT provide a simple summation to the question or your opinion. Use evidence (specific examples or concepts) from F100 as part of your answers. Imagine that you are submitting your answers to the…
2012 Army Equipping Strategy. F106 Army Force Generation.
2013 Army Strategic Planning Guidance Excerpt. Lesson F101: Strategic Change.
Dempsey, Martin. "Chairman's Strategic Direction to the Joint Force."
Gen Odierno AUSA Winter Symposium. F103 Total Army Analysis.
Have you heard about servant leadership in the army? What about followership in the army? Have you been asked to write an essay about these topics? Many students in the military will be asked to write about leadership.
This article will show you how to write an essay about a specific topic of leadership as it pertains to the army or the military more generally. For one, this article shows you how to broach the topic of servant leadership and followership in the army, which is a common concept in the field of leadership studies.
Another topic this article covers is followership in the army. Follwership is a concept that focuses more on followers and their behaviors, which create all the overt features of an organization’s culture. Followership is especially salient in military organizational behavior, military leadership, and military management because of the organizational structure and culture of the…
Leadership - Gates of Fire by Steven Pressfield
Gates of Fire written by Steven Pressfield is a famous historical novel published in 1998. It tells the story of 480 B.C when Persian King decided to attack Greece. Persia was the biggest power of the world in those times and it used all its supremacy to focus on this singe goal.
Persian King brought with him a huge army of around two million soldiers with a simple message of "surrender or death" for the Greeks. On the other side, Greece put forward their 300 finest Spartan warriors under the commandment of King Leonydas and ordered them to take immediate action.
Spartans knew very well that they will be killed in this battle with Persian invaders but they did not quit and moved forward towards their mission. They bravely resisted against the Persian forces for six days and created an unbalanced fight…
Bass, B and Riggio, R. (2008). Transformational Leadership. Second edition. Lawrence Erlbaum
Cohen, W. (2010). Heroic Leadership. Leading with Integrity and Honor. Chapter 7: Put Duty Before
Self. Published by Jossey Bass.
Leadership Styles of Sam Damon and Courtney Massengale
In the military setting, it is very common to hear statements like 'you are acting like a Courtney (Sam) on that issue'. Courtney Massengale and Sam Damon are the two main characters in the novel, Once an Eagle by Anton Myrer. The two are portrayed as significantly different army officers in a story that revolves around the key themes of unchecked ambition, devotion to country, career over family, corruption of power, ethics and morality, good vs. evil, and heroism. Both are portrayed as ambitious, dedicated, and aggressive men dedicated to the service of their country and its people; however, whereas Sam acts as a selfless, caring, and kind commander, Courtney presents himself as his exact opposite -- a charming professional out to portray a can-do image at whatever cost, even if it means stepping on his subordinate's toes just to get things…
ATTP. "Commander and Staff Officer Guide." Department of the Army, 2011. Web. 3 June 2015 https://fas.org/irp/doddir/army/attp5-0-1.pdf
Bass, Bernard and Riggio Ronald. Transformational Leadership 2nd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Psychology Press, 2006. Print
JROTC. "Principles and Leadership." JROTC, n.d. Web. 6 June 2015 http://www.dimondjrotc.org/Leadership/Chapter1/Chapter1Lesson4/U2C1L4A0_Text.pdf
Mayer, Holly. Belonging to the Army: Camp Followers and Community during the American Revolution. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. 1999. Print
He let them know truthfully and honestly what was expected of them, that the journey would be difficult, and that they would all be in the situation together. He was honest about the impending Civil War when he first took office, and he was honest with his cabinet about the difficulties they would face. This path-goal theory of management helped create a very supportive environment that is necessary when people are facing extremely difficult problems, such as Civil War. The leader must be strong and mature, but he must also be extremely supportive and nurturing, and Lincoln was, which commanded respect among just about everyone he dealt with. He worked very closely with his generals during the war, and he set specific goals for them, another aspect of the path-goal theory -- offering specific leadership advice and goals, and expecting the followers to take the appropriate action. He was supportive,…
Elshtain, J.B. (1999, November). Abraham Lincoln & the last best hope. First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion and Public Life 43.
Gienapp, W.E. (2002). Abraham Lincoln and Civil War America: A biography. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kumuyi, W.F. (2007, August/September). Seven communication tips an effective leader must have. New African 22+.
Rawley, J.A. (2003). Abraham Lincoln and a nation worth fighting for. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
leadership different for joint operations? Do you think this is a critical component for effective military leadership for today's military?
The need for the United States to act jointly as part of a community-based international effort vs. striking alone has become increasingly important. There are more multinational threats posed in the form of non-state actors like terrorists as well as an upsurge in rogue regimes. This requires a different military philosophy. "To mount security operations, there are certain constraints. These constraints are that they will be expeditionary; multinational; will involve nonmilitary agencies; and will last a long time."[footnoteRef:1] It is critical that the military leadership of the United States is able to work with the military of other nations and international bodies. Joint operations demand acute cultural sensitivity: unlike a national operation, in which all soldiers share a common culture and background, not all military bodies universally share such characteristics.…
Fielder, Dave "Defining command, leadership, and management success factors within operations." PKSOI Factors. June 2011
Johnson, David. "Preparing potential senior Army leaders for the future." RAND, September
Myers, Richard. "Capstone concept for joint operations." U.S. Department of Defense, 2005.
Army Structure; from 3-Brigade Division Units to Units of Action
At the Pentagon, briefings routinely begin with the old adage that
"the only thing constant today is change." Since the age of the Cold War, the United States Army has faced change at home and abroad, experiencing not only a massive transformation in technology and infrastructure, but also in the worldwide approach to warfare. As the end of front-line battles gave way to urban streets and insurgency, the Army transitioned its structural paradigm to mirror the rapidly shifting needs, abandoning the Three Brigade Division Units for Units of Action.
This organizational shift had roots in Capitol Hill politics and dissent internal to the Pentagon, but was a desperately needed restructuring to meet the needs presented by the Iraq War, vastly different than those experienced during the Cold War history. In the early 1950s, the Soviet forces overwhelmed many of the…
Donald umsfeld's tenure as Secretary of Defense from 2001-2006 during the George W. Bush Administration provides a striking example of the exercise of leadership during a time of change in a highly charged political atmosphere. umsfeld was attempting to change the internal and external profile of an enormous organization that is under constant scrutiny from many stakeholders and outside interests, some supportive and others hostile. He wanted to change the way the department fights wars by leveraging the American military's technological advantage while other leaders in other areas of federal and international governance sought to influence the country's approach to foreign policy in more diplomacy-focused ways. Perhaps it was due to so much scrutiny and powerful opposition that the secretary exercised his leadership in such an enigmatic fashion, not in the sense of Sun Tzu's invisible hand kind leadership but in a smoke and mirrors manner better suited to…
Clement, R.W. (1994). Culture, leadership, and power: the keys to organizational change.
Business Horizons, 37(1), 33-39.
Donald (Harold) Rumsfeld. (2007). Almanac of Famous People. Detroit: Gale.
Leadership and organizational politics. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.alagse.com/leadership/l3.php.
Celebrating Women of Character, Courage, And Commitment in Military
Women have always been an asset for the United States army. Ever since 1775, they were involved in nursing the ill and the wounded. They worked to mend and launder clothes and cook for the men. However, women became a part of the armed personnel in the 20th century and have been an invaluable asset ever since then. Our courage, commitment and character is remarkable and the United Army would not be what it is today without the women in it. As of right now, the women serve in 95% of all Army occupations. Furthered, they make 15.7% of the active army of the country. Women played their part to the benefit of their country. They take part in the operations and make sacrifices so that the army and ultimately the country is successful. The success of women in our army…
Diversity-Why is it Important in Army
The term ‘diversity’ has commonly been used to describe the variations in characteristics among two or more individuals; it can cover visible (for instance, age, gender, race) as well as invisible (for instance, knowledge, values, culture) characteristics. Considering the attention paid to diversity by contemporary firms, understanding the reason for this focus on workforce diversity and what it implies within the armed forces personnel management context is valuable (Kamarck, 2017). Within the armed forces, the subject of diversity is complex in nature, conceptually as well as with respect to its administrative and more practical implications. Diversity constitutes one among the biggest and trickiest HR management challenges faced by military HR leaders in the last twenty to thirty years. Increased diversity in the areas of recruitment, employment and development has challenged conventional armed forces organizational principles, standards, outlooks, and beliefs. It has led to the…
Army Force Generation Model
In order for the armed forces to fight effectively, they need to be manned, equipped, and trained properly. The proposed changes would have an impact on all three areas, and this might result in an armed force that is not prepared to fight effectively. The reduction in budget will definitely require there be changes in the structuring of the armed forces. Reduction in manpower will be inevitable, and this would lead to few soldiers being sent to the battleground. Equipment shortages would also occur since there will be a reduction in funding and only utterly necessary equipment would be serviced or purchased. Training is the area that will be highly impacted. This is because there will be few man-hours for the soldiers to train and prepare for any eventuality. The most modern equipment will require highly trained personnel to man and operate it. The shortage of…
Congress, House. "Statement by Gen. Odierno before the House Armed Services Committee, First Session, 113th Congress on 18 September 2013." In Planning for Sequestration in Fiscal Year 2014 and Perspectives of the Military Services on the Strategic Choices and Management Review.
Department of Command, Leadership, and Management, United States Army War College. How the Army Runs: A Senior Leader Handbook, 2013-2014. Carlisle: PA: USAWC, 15 July 2013.
popular films, The Patriot and Glory to discuss and evaluate leadership illustrations. The writer focuses on the leadership qualities in each film. The writer then explores the differences and similarities between the two especially when it comes to leadership. There were six sources used to complete this paper.
Most movie goers will agree that the silver screen productions that they go to view have a theme. The theme may be obvious and blatant, or the theme can be nothing more than an undertone that runs through the storyline. The themes are not always evidenced immediately, but are savored only after one has been able to enjoy the film and digest its more obvious elements and truths. Two popular movies provide a theme of leadership. Leadership is a broad-based topic of discussion in many arenas today, as it is possible to display and recognize leadership in many different ways. Leadership is…
The Patriot http://www.variagate.com/patriot.htm
The Patriot and Glory http://www.ashbrook.org/publicat/oped/owens/00/patriot.html
Longford is a small community of approximately 3,000 people situated 20 kilometres south of Launceston. Longford lies within the Northern Midlands local government area, and has a predominantly Anglo-Saxon community. Longford Medical Services (LMS) has an active patient population of 9,905 people residing in or around Longford and employs eleven General Practitioners (GPs). In the past, some GPs experienced difficulties managing clients with mental health issues. They frequently required longer consultations, creating delays for other LMS patients, which became difficult to accommodate. There were also long delays for appointments with private psychiatrists, Tasmanian Psychiatric Services, and other programs that must be accessed in Launceston. As in other small communities, transport options are limited. The MHNIP commenced in Longford in early 2009. This coincided with the closure of a residential psychiatric service (Howard Hill) in Longford. Medical services are delivered from two LMS premises. The main site is in Longford itself,…
Carter, L., Ulrich, D., & Goldsmith, M. (Eds.). (2012). Best practices in leadership development and organization change: how the best companies ensure meaningful change and sustainable leadership (Vol. 18). John Wiley & Sons.
French, R. (2007) Cross-cultural management in work organisations. London: Chartered institute of personnel and development.
Fuller J. N & Green J. (2005). The Leader's Role in Strategy.
Gerras, S. J., Clark, M., Allen, C., Keegan, T., Meinhart, R., Wong, L., ... & Reed, G. (2010). Strategic leadership primer. ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA.
Phase 3 Discussion Board
The article that I have selected is "A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science," by Turner et al. (2003). The authors advocate for a system that allows scientists to fully understand "the consequences of changes taking place in the structure and function of the biosphere." The authors argue that current vulnerability assessments are insufficient, and move the discussion towards an enhanced framework.
Sustainability science is defined as "an emerging field of research dealing with the interactions between natural and social systems, and with how those interactions affect the challenge of sustainability: meeting the needs of present and future generations while substantially reducing poverty and conserving the planet's life support systems" so this paper fits in with key elements of that definition. First, the paper reflects the need to understand the planet's life support systems in a complex way. The interactions between elements of these…
Eagly, A. & Johnson, B. (1990). Gender and leadership style: A meta-analysis. Digital Commons @ UConn. Retrieved October 23, 2014 from http://digitalcommons.uconn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1010&context=chip_docs
Gardiner, M. & Tiggemann, M. (1999). Gender differences in leadership style, job stress, mental health in male- and female-dominated industries. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. Vol. 72 (3) 301-315.
Kruse, K. (2013). What is authentic leadership? Forbes. Retrieved October 23, 2014 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/kevinkruse/2013/05/12/what-is-authentic-leadership/
Kushell, E. & Newton, R. (1986). Gender, leadership style, and subordinate satisfaction: An experiment. Sex Roles. Vol. 14 (3-4) 203-209.
Mabel Keaton Staupers
Leaders that have shaped the nursing profession over the years have demonstrated a tremendous capacity for growth and development and have had a profound impact on the progression and expansion of the field. In addition, nurse leaders have also provided inspiration and guidance to those considering a career in nursing through their commitment and example. In today's society, a nursing shortage requires that nurse leaders and managers must make sacrifices and develop new methods to manage staffing problems, quality of care issues, and ethical foundations for nursing care. Furthermore, nurse leaders must assure that their staff members receive continuous education and training opportunities to expand their knowledge base in order to provide the best possible patient care. Nurse leaders are often considered one of the key factors in the retention of younger nurses in the field, and their influence expands beyond the nursing unit.
In a historical…
Determined RNs making history today. http://www.nysna.org/publications/report/2003/feb/bhm.htm
Dreachslin, J., Hunt, P., and Sprainer, E. (2000). Workforce diversity: implications for the effectiveness of health care delivery teams. Social Science & Medicine 50, 1403-1414.
Keep the race police out of our hospitals. Daily Mail 27 Jan 2002: 1-2.
Mabel Keaton Staupers, 1890-1989. http://www.nursingworld.org/hof/stauperm.htm
Leadership Best Practices
Military leadership depends upon the ability to motivate, support and drive the team to accomplish the mission. Leadership styles are diverse in the military and can include everything from the autocratic style to the servant leadership style. The key to employing best practices in military leadership, however, is to understand the needs of the situation, the needs of the stakeholders, and the needs of the moment so that the right strategy is employed for the goal to be achieved.[endnoteRef:2] This paper will discuss leadership best practices, particularly how sharing leadership best practices can help individual, group, corporation and military success. [2: For this reason, Stogdill asserts that contingency theory is the best way to explain how leaders should perform.]
Leadership has been defined as the ability to give empowerment to others (Conger). Leaders make a difference in the lives of others by helping them…
COLIN POWELL'S LEADESHIP STYLE
Colin Powell's Leadership Style
Colin Powell's Leadership Style
Born in 1937, Colin Luther Powell grew to become a great American public official. He retired from the American Army as a four-star general. Powell qualified as the 65th American Secretary of State who served in George W. Bush's period of between 2001 and 2005. He was the first African-American serving in the position. In his military career, he served within National Security Advisory between 1987 and 1989. He was Commander of the American Army Forces Command in 1989 and Chair of Joint Chiefs of Staff between 1989 and 1993. Powell held the position in Persian Gulf War and was the only African-American serving on Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was the first consecutive African-American office-holder holding key administration positions of American Secretary of State.
The chief role of Powell included garnering international support for multi-national coalition…
Harari, O. (2012). The Leadership Secrets of Colin Powell. New Delhi: Gramedia Pustaka Utama
O'Sullivan, C.D. (2009). Colin Powell: American Power and Intervention From Vietnam to Iraq. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers,
Powell, C. (2014). It Worked for Me: In Life and Leadership. New York: HarperCollins.
Powell, C.L., & Persico, J.E. (2010). My American Journey. New York: Random House Publishing Group.
Leadership in Glory
The author of this report chose the movie Glory from a list of several movies or television shows. The author will look at Glory character obert Shaw from a leadership perspective. Specifically, the author is to answer six different questions. The first question is what supervisory techniques in the move were effective. The second asks what methods were not effective. The third question asks how a supervisor could have or should have acted differently in a particular scene or situation in the movie. Fourth, the author will explain how a wartime or emergency room environment can greatly shift and change how supervisors perform and react because of their very stressful environment. Fifth, the author of this report will explain the supervisory trait that the author most identifies with. Finally, the author will explain how using the "textbook" technique can lead to failure and how this manifests in…
Zwick, E. (Director). (1989). Glory [Motion picture]. United States: TriStar.
Ryan, L. (2006, January 12). Stamping out Cookie-Cutter Managers. Bloomberg Business Week. Retrieved August 24, 2014, from http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2006-01-12/stamping-out-cookie-cutter-managersbusinessweek-business-news-stock-market-and-financial-advice
Leadership: Born vs. Taught Leaders
Born vs. Taught Leaders: Leadership
Experts have given conflicting views in the question of whether leaders are born or made. One faction believes that leaders are born with special qualities that predispose them to occupy positions of authority from an early age. The other, however, believes that leadership capabilities are developed over time through education and training. This text evaluates both arguments and gives a tentative position on the issue.
Are Leaders Born or Taught?
ose Haggerty and Don Berwick give conflicting views on the question of whether people who are not born leaders can actually become good leaders. Berwick is of the opinion that whereas some people are born to be leaders, anyone can lead, as long as they receive the right training and education. In other words, leadership can be taught. Haggerty, on the other hand, believes that leaders are born; as such,…
Berger, W. (2015). Why Curious People are Destined for the C-Suite. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2015/09/why-curious-people-are-destined-for-the-c-suite
Connelly, M. S., Gilbert, J. A., Zaccaro, S. J., Threlfall, K. V., Marks, M. A., & Mumford, M. D. (2000). Exploring the Relationship of Leadership Skills and Knowledge to Leader Performance. Leadership Quarterly, 11(1), 65-86.
Porter-O'Grady, T. (2001). Profound Change: 21st Century Nursing. Nursing Outlook, 49(4), 182-186.
PWC. (2015). Refining Business Success in a Changing World. PWC. Retrieved from http://www.pwc.com/gx/en/ceo-survey/
Leadership and the ole of Sex and Gender
Previous studies have revealed that gender roles and gender may both be predictors of the emergence of leadership. This paper will examine the impact of the above variables, using role congruity and expectation states theories. With respect to gender, males will most likely emerge as the leaders in case of gender-neutral and masculine tasks, while females more likely dominate the domain of feminine tasks. The process may be explained in terms of performance expectations the society has for females and males with regard to specific tasks. In the gender role context, androgynous and masculine personalities will most probably come forward in the leadership role across a range of tasks. This arises out of congruence between androgynous and masculine gender roles, as well as the stereotypical example of the leadership role. It appears that (in western societies, at least), model leaders remain stereotyped…
Catalyst, (2016). Women CEOs of the S&P 500. New York. Retrieved from http://www.catalyst.org/knowledge/women-ceos-sp-500 on 19 May 2016
Dawson, M., Burrell, D. N., & Rahim, E. (2010). Deep Dive into Understanding the Theory of Military Organization, Military Leadership, Skill Transfer, Aspects of Program Management, and Decision Support Systems. International Handbook of Academic Research and Teaching, 33.
KENT, R. & MOSS, S.E. (1994). EFFECTS OF SEX AND GENDER ROLE ON LEADER EMERGENCE. Academy of Management Journal, 37(5), 1335-1346.
Laurence, J. H. (2011). Military Leadership and the Complexity of Combat and Culture. Military Psychology, 23, 489-501. doi:10.1080/08995605.2011.600143
Selection of the Leader
Definition of Leadership by General Tommy Franks
Leadership Philosophy of General Tommy Franks
Learning to Lead
Analyzing Strengths and Weaknesses Using Leadership Challenge Model
Leadership Adventures of General Tommy Franks Using Kouzes and Posner Leadership Framework
Model the Way
Inspire a Shared Vision
Challenge the Process
Enable others to act
Encourage the Heart
Enhancing the Effectiveness in Leadership
Learning From the Experience of General Tommy Franks
Take the Challenge
Accept the Opportunity
Learn to lead with General Tommy Franks
This paper discusses the leadership style and traits of a retired U.S. Army General namely General Tommy Franks. He was regarded as the commander in chief of Central Command of United States from the period of July 200 till July 2003. At that time he was given charge of the Middle East region that comprised of twenty- five countries. His most influential…
Franks, T.R. (2005). American Soldier. HarperCollins.
Kouzes, J.M., & Posner, B.Z. (2003). The five practices of exemplary leadership. Pfeiffer.
This is because these people forgot or did not understand the core principals of all great leaders to include: having a sense of responsibility, self-discipline and charisma. These elements are important because the staff will often look to the leadership of any organization, for the most appropriate way to act. When they see that the leadership is being very hypocritical, they will often look at these leaders as nothing more than sell outs, who are interested only in themselves. Once this kind of perception begins to take place within an organization, it is only a matter of time until it will become like a cancer that will slowly eat away at the fabric of the entity itself. When this happens it means, that the organization will begin to experience a similar atmosphere that the 918th was going through. Where, the top leadership was blaming everyone for their problems and was…
Clemens, J. (1999). Movie to manage by: lessons in leadership from Great Films. Lincolnwood, Il: Contemporary
Hesselbein, F. (2004). Be Know Do: Leadership the Army Way. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Brass.
Masters program in leadership studies somewhat naturally. I have direct experience in leadership and experience in being a part of a team. I have a background in the military, providing service for my country via the United States Army. I am a SGM. As part of my military preparation, I am a part of the UTEP Masters of Leadership Program. My military career extends over two decades, and within that time, I have had a number of leadership opportunities as well as opportunities to serve underneath great leaders. Through my own leadership experience, as well as the experience of working under a strong leader, I naturally gravitated toward a masters program in leadership studies.
Leadership is a vital skill in no matter what a person's career choice or educational plan may be. Therefore, leadership studies applies to me on a personal level, a career level, as well as an academic…
So, in some case, leadership does not necessarily link with responsibility for the men, but rather with the relationship with the persons who are led. Napoleon was able to concentrate the energies of his men in a way that served his best interests.
This links with Raymond Carver's story, in the sense that good leadership is also about good communication, about the ability of passing the appropriate message. The main theme of his story is that of communication (or lack of), namely of finding the right words to pass on to the others. The right words are fundamental, because they help connect individuals and fostering this relationship is perhaps the most important part of good leadership.
The most important point in "Cathedral," from a leadership perspective, is when the husband finds himself at a loss of words when trying to describe the cathedral to Robert. He is, throughout the story…
1. O'Brien, Tim (1990). The Things They Carried. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
2. Carver, Raymond (1983). Cathedral New York: Knopf
3. Chemers M. (1997) An integrative theory of leadership. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers
The second leadership attribute analyzed in this paper is that of creating and sustaining a shared vision. Of all attributes of any leader this is one of the more challenging to continually achieve as it requires the continual focus on aligning the vision of the organization and the skills required to accomplish them with the unique skill sets of individuals and their talents (Kouzes, Posner, 2009). What a sustainable vision implies is the ability to continually keep the changing landscape the organization competes in aligned with the abilities of the organization to execute. A shared vision must be defined through transformational leadership to be effective, as it must have the trust and buy-in of subordinates (Kouzes, Posner, 2009). In addition there is the need for continually reinforcing how each team members or employees' contributions make the attainment of the vision possible (Cangemi, Burga, Lazarus, Miller, Fitzgerald, 2008). In short, a…
Joseph P. Cangemi, Bill Burga, Harold Lazarus, Richard L. Miller, & Jaime Fitzgerald. (2008). The real work of the leader: a focus on the human side of the equation. The Journal of Management Development, 27(10), 1026-1036.
James M. Kouzes & Barry Z. Posner. (2009, January). To Lead, Create a Shared Vision. Harvard Business Review, 87(1)
James M. Kouzes & Barry Z. Posner. (2005). Leading in Cynical Times. Journal of Management Inquiry, 14(4), 357-364.
Kouzes, James M., & Posner, Barry Z. (1990). The Credibility Factor: What Followers Expect from Their Leaders. Management Review, 79(1), 29.
ebecca Halstead's Leadership Style
Leadership is considered as the process of social influence were individual can enlist the support and aid of others mainly in the achievement of a corporate task. For a leader to motivate his or her team and achieve the optimal levels of performance, there are qualities that he or she must possess to create an organization that is extraordinary in the process. One of the traits includes decisiveness where leaders are expected to make tough decisions. They must understand that tough decisions must be adopted to suit the interest of the corporation. They should also show empathy to others and portray accountability. They take responsibility for everybody's performance. They monitor the effectiveness of the organization's procedures and policies. This report endeavors to explain about General ebecca S. Halstead focusing on her leadership skills and strategies. It also endeavors to explain about the challenges she faced as…
Groysberg, B., & Ball, D. (2011). Rebecca S. Halstead: steadfast leadership. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School.
Nanus, B. (1992). Visionary leadership: creating a compelling sense of direction for your organization. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Leading Complex Organizations: An Entrepreneurial Perspective
Howard Schultz is one of the transformational leaders in the modern business environment given his role in creation and development of a successful company i.e. Starbucks. Starbucks is renowned for its long standing record of growth, profitability, and success, which is a reflection of effective leadership towards making money. The growth and profitability of Starbucks is largely attributed to the leadership of Howard Schultz. Actually, Schultz has utilized an effective leadership and communication style that has contributed to the development of Starbucks. In contrast, General George Patton is also renowned as a transformational leader who has been idolized as an all-powerful leader. General George Patton achieved tremendous success because of his ability to empower and inspire others when commanding his troops to follow him. However, there are significant similarities and differences in the leadership styles of Howard Schultz and General George Patton.
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Cohen, W.A. (2009). How to Lead in Crisis Situations. The Journal of Leadership Applications, 7(1). Retrieved from http://stuffofheroes.com/home/?p=645
Geffen, H. (2014, December 4). Starbucks: Howard Schultz on the Coffee Chain's Expansion Under His Leadership. Bloomberg Business. Retrieved May 20, 2015, from http://www.bloomberg.com/bw/articles/2014-12-04/starbucks-howard-schultz-on-the-coffee-chains-expansion-under-his-leadership
Graham, K. (2010, January 22). Why Starbucks Has Room to Improve. Minyanville. Retrieved May 20, 2015, from http://www.minyanville.com/businessmarkets/articles/starbucks-growth-upgrade-profit-price-hikes/1/22/2010/id/26485?refresh=1