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small global village, business organisations are ever more doing business beyond national borders. Through exporting, mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures, strategic alliances, subsidiaries, and other forms of corporate strategy, business organisations are expanding their operations across the globe. While cross-border business is important for global expansion it presents significant challenges from a marketing perspective. When business extends beyond the domestic market, new aspects come into play. An organisation must consider the characteristics of the local environment, particularly in relation to demographics, consumer preferences, culture, and regulations (Brady, 2011). These aspects change from country to country, making the replication of marketing techniques quite difficult or impractical.
An important topic within the discipline of international marketing relates to relationship marketing. When doing business internationally, marketing relationships are crucial. For instance, a manufacturer that elects to expand its operations to a foreign country through exporting will often partner with local distributors so as to…
Brady, D. (2011). Essentials of international marketing. New York: Routledge.
Skarmeas, D., Zeriti, A., & Baltas, G. (2016). Relationship value: drivers and outcomes in international marketing channels. Journal of International Marketing, 24(1), 22-40.
daunting undertaking, in large part due to the statistical tests and complex language involved (Coughlan, Cronin & yan, 2007). Whatever the case, the results of the analysis must be presented in a clear, readable manner, often with the use of tables, graphs, and charts. In Hayes, Douglas & Bonner's (2015) article, data analysis was conducted using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), a common data analysis tool. The results were presented with the help of both descriptive and inferential statistics. Measures of central tendency such as frequency, mean, and standard deviation as well as tables and graphs were used to present data relating to demographic characteristics, work environments, job stress, job satisfaction, and burnout. T-tests, ANOVAs, and correlation analyses were then conducted to explore relationships between nurse and work environment characteristics, job stress, job satisfaction, and burnout.
The study found that there were high levels of burnout amongst the…
Ahanchian, M., Meshkinyazd, A., & Soudmand, P. (2015). Nurses burnout in psychiatric wards. Fundamentals of Mental Health, 260-264.
Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., & Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research. British Journal of Nursing, 16(11), 658-663.
Hayes, B., Douglas, C., & Bonner, A. (2015). Work environment, job satisfaction, stress and burnout among haemodialysis nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 23, 588-598.
Lee, P. (2006). Understanding and critiquing qualitative research articles. Nursing Times, 102(29), 30-32.
unequivocal (Coughlan, Cronin & yan, 2007). Also, it should ideally be 10-15 words long. The title of the quantitative article is "Work environment, job satisfaction, stress and burnout among haemodialysis nurses" (Hayes, Douglas & Bonner, 2015). The title clearly adheres to the recommended length of an article title. In addition, the title unambiguously identifies of the purpose of the study, which is to examine relationships between nurse characteristics, work environment attributes, job satisfaction, job stress, and burnout in nurses working in haemodialysis units.
The abstract should provide a succinct summary of the study, inclusive of the research problem, purpose of the research, methodology, sample size, findings, as well as conclusion and recommendations (Coughlan, Cronin & yan, 2007). The reader should judge from the abstract whether an article is worth further reading. Hayes, Douglas & Bonner's (2015) article provides a precise and straightforward overview of the study, clearly summing up the…
Ahanchian, M., Meshkinyazd, A., & Soudmand, P. (2015). Nurses burnout in psychiatric wards. Fundamentals of Mental Health, 260-264.
Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., & Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research. British Journal of Nursing, 16(11), 658-663.
Hayes, B., Douglas, C., & Bonner, A. (2015). Work environment, job satisfaction, stress and burnout among haemodialysis nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 23, 588-598.
Lee, P. (2006). Understanding and critiquing qualitative research articles. Nursing Times, 102(29), 30-32.
This is important as any analyses and conclusions which are drawn from the study are directly applicable to the intended population. The survey was issued in a wide variety of language, which ensured wide participation from the immigrant population and ensured that the language barrier was not a limitation to the study. The study conducted the survey over the telephone, which would have ensured a wider participation than postal survey. The study also gained a 55% participation from a total of 11,039 which indicates that the survey would be truly representative of the immigrant population due to the large numbers of immigrants participating. The surveys were conducted in 2000, which was 5 years before the article, which indicates that factors may have changed within the period. It may have been more accurate if the data were to be published within a shorter time period after collection.
The respondents were…
Passel, J.S. (2005) Estimates of the Size and Characteristics of the Undocumented Population. Pew Hispanic Centre. Retrieved on November 3, 2007, at http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=44 .
Ponce, N., Nordyke, R.J. And Hirota, S. (2005) Uninsured working immigrants: A view from California County. Journal of Immigrant Health, 7(1): 45-53.
Tanner, J. (2003) Reading and Critiquing Research. British Journal of Perioperative Nursing, 13(4): 162-164.
articles as well as an analysis of the three articles that have been chosen. There will also be a reflection on the connections that these three articles have towards the best practices in the social studies context and field in general. The three articles to be reviewed and analyzed are;
"Technology and classroom practices: An international study." By obert B. Kozma
"Using poetry in social studies classes to teach about cultural diversity Social justice." By Ava L. McCall.
"How to teach thinking skills in social studies and history." By Barry K. Beyer.
Technology and classroom practices: An international study. By obert B. Kozma
The main focus of the paper is how technology is used in classrooms all over the world and how it has changed the practice in class and general approach to learning by both students and teachers. According to the article the use of technological tools in classrooms…
Beyer, B. K (2008). How to teach thinking skills in social studies and history
McCall, A.L. (2004). Using poetry in social studies classes to teach about cultural diversity
Kozma, R.B. (2003). Technology and classroom practices: An international study
patient suffering from dogged and severe mental illness requires some form of rehabilitation. The aim of psychiatric rehabilitation is aiding the disabled person to form the social, intellectual, and emotional skills necessary for life in society. To learn, work, and live within the community without much professional support. The general philosophy of such rehabilitation encompasses two intervention methods. The first being individual-centered, aiming to develop a patient's skills while interacting in a stressful environment. The other method is ecological, aimed towards development of environmental resources that will help minimize potential stressors.
The majority of disabled individuals require a combination of the two strategies. This is where the role of ehabilitation Counselor comes to play. ehabilitation counselors help promote independence in an effected individual. They aid persons with mental, physical, and emotional disabilities gain the kind of independence that they cannot manage on their own. By having an educated person there…
Thomas, E., Muralidharan, A., Medoff, D., & Drapalski, A. (2016). Self-Efficacy as a Mediator of the Relationship Between Social Support and Recovery in Serious Mental Illness. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/prj0000199
Imogene King's Attainment Theory
King's Attainment Theory
The thrust of Imogene King's theory of goal attainment is a loosely-coupled partnership between the nurse and the patient that enables communication about the patient's condition, their health goals, and a plan of action to achieve the patient's goals. The conceptual framework is based on systems theory -- and King employs the three classic systems in her representation of her theory: (1) the personal system, (2) the interpersonal, and (3) the social system. As the conceptual framework takes shape for the personal system of the individuals in the schema (Yonge, 2007), several constructs emerge: Body image, self, growth & development, perception, space, and time. As the conceptual framework moves to the interpersonal systems, the constructs take on a more integrated form: communication, interaction, transaction, time, and space. In the last component of the conceptual framework, the constructs of authority, status, power, decision-making, and…
Alligood, M.R. And Tomey, M.A. ( Eds.) (2002). Nursing theory: Utilization and application. (2nd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Black, M., and Hawks-Hokanson, J. (2005). Medical Surgical Nursing: Clinical Management for positive outcomes. St. Louis, Missouri.
George, J. (Ed). (2002). Nursing Theories: The base for professional nursing practice. (5th ed.) Norwalk, CT: Appleton and Lange.
Jukkala, A., Greenwood, R., Ladner, K. And Hopkins, L. (2010, Fall). The clinical nurse leader and rural hospital safety and quality, Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 10(2). Retrieved
Articles on the History of Christianity
Christopher J. Haas' article "Imperial Religious Policy and Valerian's Persecution of the Church, A.D. 257 -- 260" was published within the scholarly journal Church History in 1983, and the author focuses his attention on the persecution of Christians by the Roman Emperor Valerian. According to Haas, one of the most compelling aspects of Valerian's persecution of Christians was the sudden shift in his official religious policy in the year 257 A.D. Haas asks in the article, "prior to that time the church was largely undisturbed, but the years 257 -- 258 witnessed a series of increasingly severe imperial edicts directed against Christianity. What prompted this sudden reversal of imperial religious policy in 257?,"1 and it is this question which forms the foundation of his subsequent scholarly inquiry. y reading this article, one learns that Valerian actually launched his campaign of persecution against Christians in…
Evans, Gary. "Christological Errors: Then and Now." Affirmation and Critique, July (2008): 35-
Haas, Christopher J. "Imperial Religious Policy and Valerian's Persecution of the Church, AD
257-260." Church History 52 (1983): 133-144.
Nurse-headed telephone triage has increasingly been employed for managing physician consultation demands in British general practice. Prior research works are vague when it comes to delineating the association between nurse triage call results and practical clinical experience. A majority of studies are restricted to scrutinizing out-of-hours nurse phone triage. This particular study has been performed within the framework of current knowledge, thereby contributing a solution angle highly relevant to the nursing profession. This study's key purpose was investigating whether or not primary care nursing staff's (who undertake digital decision-backed software phone triage) professional traits are associated with call disposition (Varley, et al., 2016).
Telephone triage application is an approach utilized for tackling increasing nurse workloads. Nursing staff offer an effective and safe triage service within various settings such as primary care, in which they may prove efficient in terms of managing doctors' workload in out-of-hours and…
Campbell, J., Fletcher, L., Britten, E., Green, N., Holt, C., & Lattimer, V. (2015). . The clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of telephone triage for managing same-day consultation requests in general practice: a cluster randomised controlled trial comparing general practitioner-led and nurse-led management systems with care. Health Technology Access.
Varley, A., Warren, F., Richards, S., Calitri, R., Chaplin, K., Fletcher, E., . . . Campbell, J. (2016). The effect of nurses' preparedness and nurse practitioner status on triage call management in primary care: A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the ESTEEM trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 12 - 20.
Communications -- "How to be a Success" by Malcolm Gladwell
"How to Be a Success" is a Maclean's journal article by Malcolm Gladwell stating that expert command of any field requires natural ability, outside help but chiefly unusually hard work for a great deal of hours over an especially long time. Though the successful examples mentioned in Gladwell's article all have talent, they are "outliers" -- exceptional people who all worked very hard on their special fields from their childhoods and spent at least 10,000 hours developing their skills. In fact, their long periods of very hard work over many years seem to be more important than having natural talent because the brain takes that much practice to incorporate all the skills needed to "master" a field. Achieving 10,000 hours of practice requires help, such as approval, encouragement and enough financial support from parents, special programs that make it possible…
Gladwell, M. (2008). How to be a success. Maclean's, 59-61.
Tkacik, M. (2009, November 23). Gladwell for dummies. Retrieved July 6, 2014 from www.thenation.com Web site: http://www.thenation.com/article/gladwell-dummies?page=0,0
Theoretical foundation explored within this article is that there is a real relationship that exists between psychotherapists and clients, and that this relationship profoundly affects the outcome of the sessions (Gelso et al., 2012, p. 495). This relationship is couched with other working relationships between the therapist and the client. Moreover, the real relationship can be analyzed from the perspective of both the client and the therapist, so that it exists within a "dyad" (Gelso et al., 20102, p. 496.
One of the weaknesses of the literature review in the study completed by Gelso et al., "The unfolding of the real relationship and the outcome of brief psychotherapy" is that it is not distinguished within its own section. It is intertwined with the introduction of this document, and even extends into the hypothesis section. Additionally, the vast majority of the literature cited was conducted by the principal researcher in this…
Gelso, Ch.J., Kivligham, D.M., Busa-Knepp, J., Spiegel, E.B. (2012). The unfolding of the real relationship and the outcome of brief psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 59 (4), 495-506.
Pros and Cons of the findings
The authors of Zero defection: Quality comes to service found out that there was tripling of the profits generated by one customer from in the fourth year than in the first year and this shows the advantages of loyalty because it leads to increased profits. All this profit is lost whenever the customer defects from the company. This increased profitability with loyalty is also evident in the credit card finding. The customer who is newly acquired generates only the base profit when using the card at first but after the second year, there will be improved economics. The usage increases as they become more familiar with the services. The disadvantage of these findings is that the profitability puzzle does contain many pieces and a direct association with loyalty is never definite (Ranaweera, 2007, p.115).
One advantage in the findings from the article The…
tattoo ink that is used in everyday and normal tattoos and how the ink and other materials used in those tattoos might be harmful to the people that adorn themselves with them. The audience is presumably doing this article as a caution to those that have tattoos, are planning to get tattoos and/or know someone that is in either of those first two classifications. The style, form and structure are rather nice. Rather than getting right into the negative details and the technical aspects of the issue, the author of the article waxes eloquent about who gets tattoos, why they get them, how proud they are of them and so forth. The author of the article also admits having some of their own tattoos. However, the article then gets down to business about how some of the components of tattoo ink can be toxic. There is also talk of to…
This study was similar to the third study in that both involved a retrospective review of data based on prior studies and program data. This study differed from the third study in that the prior study involved only a review of published literature, whereas the third study consisted of action research through both off-site data collection conducted through interviews of participating faculty members as well as a more in depth on-site action site case study of one educational institution. Additionally, while the second study concerned issues pertaining to the training of medical students in professional teamwork and collaboration skills in the professional medical setting, the third study concerned the manner in which community colleges establish and implement in-house "grow-your-own" staff development programs
Reille, a. And Kezar, a. "Balancing the Pros and Cons of Community
College 'Grow-Your-Own' Leadership Programs" Community College
Review 38 (1) 2010: 59-82.
This study consisted of action…
Therapist differences in a randomised trial of the outcome of cognitive behaviour therapy for health anxiety in medical patients." It was authored by Tyrer et al. and appeared in the International Journal of Nursing Studies in 2015.
Did the trial address a clearly focused issue?
After thoroughly anatomizing this article it is clear that the trial described within it certainly did address a clearly focused issue. Specifically, the authors were looking to determine which group of healthcare practitioners was best suited to assist patients with health anxiety through the usage of cognitive behavior therapy. In particular, the authors were looking to discern whether or not nurses nurses could demonstrate a greater efficacy for this task than other groups of medical practitioners. Therefore, the authors utilized original research in the form of a randomized clinical trial to see if nurses could prove they had such effectiveness with this particular issue: that…
Tyrer, H., Tyrer, P. Lisseman-Stones, Y., Mcallister, S., Cooper, S., Salkovskis, P., Crawford, M., Dupont, S., Green, J., Murphy, D., Wang, D., 2015. Therapist Differences in a Randomised Trial of the Outcome of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Health Anxiety in Medical Patients. International Journal of Nursing Studies, volume 52: pp.688-694.
The data gathered is subjected to statistical analysis using statistical methods of linear regression and chi square testing.
The main purpose of the study was to confirm the hypothesis that consultation with CNS or RN in a drug-monitoring clinic has a significant positive impact on the well being of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The study involved a single blinded randomized controlled trial over a period of three years. Subjects were chosen from the rheumatology out patient setting in a district general hospital with a drug monitoring service. A total of 71 subjects who were starting out on anti-rheumatic therapy were randomly assigned to either the interventional or the control group. While the interventional group was supervised by the CNS to assess patient needs (using Pendelton's framework) alongside drug safety evaluation, the control group was seen by an outpatient staff nurse purely for drug safety concerns. oth the groups were assessed…
Teri Britt Pipe; Kay E. Wellik; Vicki L. Buchda; Carol M. Hansen; Dana R. Martyn, 2005, "Implementing Evidence-Based Nursing Practice," Urol Nurs. 25(5): 365-370, Available at, http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/514532
Ryan, S, Hassell, a.B, Lewis, M, & Farrell, a. (2006). Impact of a Rheumatology Expert Nurse on the well-being of patients attending a drug monitoring clinic. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53(3), 277 -286.
Considine, J. & Botti, M. (2004) Who, when and where? Identification of patients at risk of an in-hospital adverse event: Implications for nursing practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 10: pp. 21-31
Nursing esearch Critique
Provision of acute nursing care is impacted by complex needs of hospitalized patients suffering from dementia. Despite of the gains that have been made in the realms of medical care, older adults have had to contend with progressive cognitive decline, functional decline, and challenging behaviors that impact the quality of their lives. Quality of life of patients suffering from dementia is further eroded by suboptimal healthcare. Elderly patients suffering from dementia are at risk group because the healthcare providers lack understanding of the etiology of the cognitive impairment and misrepresentation of the condition (Joosse, Palmer & Lang, 2013).
The purpose for carrying out the research is explicitly stated. The research seeks to address the challenges in providing care to hospitalized patients suffering dementia and delirium superimposed on dementia. The research also seeks to outline nursing assessments, problem identification, and interventions for dementia and delirium that can promote…
Joosse, L.L., Palmer, D. & Lang, N.M. (2013). Caring for the Elderly Patients with Dementia:
Nursing Interventions. Nursing: Nursing Research Reviews, 3, 107-117.
, pp.69-70.] [5: Ibid., p.85.]
The rather stern critique offered of Fee and Stuart herein should not indicate that this book is entirely without value, merely that its presentation in title and chapter headings is somewhat misleading. There is plenty of common sense in what Fee and Stuart are doing here, but the difficulty is that very often an intelligent decision on their part is mingled with an overall failure to highlight many of the most important issues involved in the interpretation of a iblical text. Their last chapter on Revelation indicates both the best and worst of their method. In some sense, Fee and Stuart are going to be on their most careful behavior in this passage, as the idiotic handling of Revelation by any heretic with a penchant for paranoia has been well-evidenced over the past two millennia. ut the history of this particular iblical book, such as…
Fee, Gordon D. And Stuart, Douglas. How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth. Second Edition. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993.
The Critique: Begin with a Brief Summary
In this article, Burkett (2010) tries to identify the role that technology can help Paralympic athletes to compete in different sporting activities. The study focuses more on how technology can be made relevant to individual needs of Paralympic athletes. Moreover, it highlights the weaknesses and strengths in technologies used in the summer Paralympic games held in Athens and Beijing. The objective of the study was to ensure that relevant technology could be provided the 2012 London Games. The study is important and necessary because different technologies have been used before to help Paralympic athletes compete in different games, but some of them have failed the athletes. Moreover, Burkett (2010) seeks to provide solutions to an existing problem and make Paralympic athletes able to compete well during the Paralympic games. The researcher does an in-depth analysis of the peer-reviewed literature on technologies available for…
Offshoring IT: Beyond the usual suspects" y Karl Flinders (January 19, 2016), Computer
This paper provides a summary of the title article together with a detailed conclusion concerning the contriution the article makes to the topic of offshoring information technology (IT) services. In addition, an evaluation concerning the authoritativeness of the article including the qualifications of the author, the scholarly nature of the pulication, the use of citations and reference sources within the article, the intended audience of the article, and the overall format and style of writing of the article. Finally, the paper concludes with an assessment concerning whether this article should or should not e considered to e authoritative according to formal academic considerations.
In this article, Flinders draws on authoritative sources to make the point that growing numer of usinesses of all types and sizes are electing to outsource their IT needs, with India, China and Malaysia,…
bibliography and he is the author of one of the references he cites ("Just Eat builds in-house IT workforce in Ukraine"). In addition, Computer Weekly is a magazine rather than a peer-reviewed journal, and there is no indication that this information was evaluated by expert third-parties to ensure accuracy. Taken together, this article was written by an industry expert and supported by primary sources; however, the fact that it was published in a non-juried periodical limits its authoritativeness according to formal academic standards.
According to the authors, this dynamic that many contemporary views consider to be a universal fact of life actually evolved only after the social changes introduced by the Industrial evolution. In fact, any so-called "modern" shift to a more egalitarian sharing of family responsibilities represents more of a return to the more natural state of families than any "radical" or "new" approach.
Branden (1999) agrees, again tying in excessive adherence to typical male and female roles as a potential source of unnecessary strain, especially where marital partners may be better suited to a different arrangement or sharing of responsibilities. Likewise, oberts (2007) also acknowledges the damage caused to marriage by dissatisfaction, especially among wives, as to the roles prescribed to them by society.
Myth # 4 - the Unstable African-American Family:
In their criticism of the notion that the African-American community reflects a lower level of marital and family stability…
Branden, N. (1999) the Psychology of Romantic Love. New York: Bantam.
Roberts, S. (2007) the Shelf Life of Bliss. The New York Times, July 1, 2007.
Schwartz, M.A., Scott, B.M. (2000) "Debunking Myths about Marriage and Families" in Marriages and Families: Diversity and Change.
esearch Critique on "Empathy and social support for the terminally ill: Implications for recruiting and retaining hospice and hospital volunteers"
This particular research focuses on the relationship between empathy and social support as essential variables for the effectiveness of hospice and hospital volunteers. This paper will provide a critical summary and analysis of the research conducted by Nichole Egbert and oxanne Parrott, proponents of this Communication Studies research. The format of this critique will first discuss the nature of each research step/method taken by the researchers, and after the summary, an analysis and critique of the paper will then be conducted.
The first part of the paper that will be studied includes the determination of the research problem, identification of related literature used in the study, and the analysis of theoretical, conceptual, and operational or hypothetical framework of the study. As was stated earlier, the research aims to determine…
Babbie, E. (1979). The Practice of Social Research (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., Inc.
Egbert, N. And R. Parrott. "Empathy and social support for the terminally ill: Implication for recruiting and retaining hospice and hospital volunteers." Spring 2003. (Attached document).
Sullivan, T.O., Hartley, J., & Fiske, J. et al. (1994). Key Concepts in Communication and Cultural Studies. (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
Critique of a Literature eview: Obesity Prevention Interventions for Middle-School Age Children of Ethnic Minority: A eview of the Literature
Are the search strategy and the search criteria clear? What is included in the search criteria?
The research strategy and search criteria are clearly outlined in several sections of the literature review paper. The author identifies the "search terms" and "purpose" of the review in the abstract of the paper. Stevens declares that the literature was searched for key terms related to the purpose of finding, "interventions to reduce obesity in middle school-age children of ethnic minority." These terms are: "African-American, Hispanic, intervention prevention program, middle school-age children, Native American, obesity, review." In the "Methods" section, the author elaborates on the search strategy by listing the databases that were used to find research papers and defining the time frame (September 2008 -- November 20008) of the search. The…
Stevens CJ, Obesity prevention interventions for middle school-age children of ethnic minority: a review of the literature. J Spec Pediatr Nurs 2010; 15(3):233-43.
Article Critique 1 – A Phenomenological Study
This article critique analyses the article by Corb, Taggart and Cousins (2015) titled “People with intellectual disability and human science research: A systematic review of phenomenological studies using interviews for data collection”. The researchers, Deirdre, Taggart and Cousins (2015), examined the manner in which people suffering from intellectual disabilities could consent to their participation in a research. The researchers also discuss the methods of information dissemination and the methodology used in that dissemination hence increasing research value. Further, the researchers examine the manner in which Heideggerian phenomenology can be applied on people suffering intellectual disabilities.
This research by Corb, Taggart and Cousins (2015) utilizes a systematic investigation review that utilized phenomenological methods in conducting interviews among intellectually disabled participants. The research entailed 4 electronic data bases. The inclusion criteria utilization occasioned the twenty eight relevant publications. The articles selected were examined and pertinent…
Sand-Jecklin, K., & Herman, J. (2014). A Quantitative Assessment of Patient and Nurse Outcomes of Bedside Nursing eport Implementation. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23(19-20), 2854-2863.
This particular research piece is quantitative in nature. The basic analysis element in a study of this kind as Keele (2011) points out is statistical analyses and numbers. This is more so the case given that it generates data that could be transmuted into operational statistics, as it seeks to quantify the problem i.e. "quantify quantitative outcomes of a practice change to a blended form of bedside nursing report." It is clear that the authors in this case seek to quantify behaviors and opinions in an attempt to come up with results from a sample population that is significant. I selected this topic due to its relevance to clinical practice. This is particularly the case given that there are very few published studies that have…
Elsevier (2017). Guide for Authors: Author Information Pack. Retrieved from https://www.elsevier.com/journals/collegian/1322-7696/guide-for-authors
Keele, R. (2011). Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice. Sudbury, MA: John & Bartlett Learning
Polit, D.F., & Beck, C.T. (2017). Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Shamoo, A.E. & Resnic, D.B. (2009). Responsible Conduct of Research (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Identification and Control of Extraneous Variables
What are the extraneous variables in this study? (1)
In what way(s) were appropriate measures used to control for the influence of the extraneous variables? (1)
Identify the type of each measurement strategy (i.e. Likert scale, visual analog scale, physiological Measure, questionnaire, observation, or interview). (1)
Identify the level of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval/ratio) achieved by each measurement strategy. (1)
Discuss how the instrument was developed or purpose of use. (1)
Report the reliability of each instrument from previous studies and the current study. (1)
Report the validity of each instrument from previous studies and the current study. (1)
Data Collection Methods
If appropriate, identify the intervention protocol. (2)
Detail how the data were collected. (2)
In what way(s) is the data collection procedures appropriate for this study? (2)
In what way were appropriate steps taken to protect…
Review and critique of a current article relating to women's biology
How Emergency Contraception Works to Prevent Pregnancy
Emergency contraceptives are drugs used to prevent pregnancy after women indulges in unprotected sex. There is a slight difference between birth control methods and use of contraceptives in preventing unplanned pregnancy. It is significant for women and men to learn and choose the appropriate method that guarantees their well-being. Use of contraceptives prevent fertilization of the ovum, while as birth control pills prevents pregnancy, and includes use of contraceptives such as, IUDs, sterilization, and abortion. This article reviews the health effects of various emergency contraceptives on female reproductive functions. The author argues that limited knowledge about Emergency contraceptive contributes to its overuse or its underuse and enhanced knowledge could trigger development of new ways, maximize use of current methods and increase acceptability of emergency contraceptives (Berger, 2012).
Review of the…
Ries, N.M. & Tigerstrom, B. (2010). Roadblocks to laws for healthy eating and activity,"
Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 182, no. 7, pp. 687 -- 692
This critique focuses on Chapter Eighteen of the book Intuitive Eating: A Recovery ook for the Chronic Dieter. y Evelyn Tribole and Elyse Resch. The writers are instructing their audience on how to eat successfully in order to maintain a satisfactory and still healthy weight. They use an outline form and cover their topics in an orderly fashion. The goal of Chapter Eighteen is to discuss dieting. Its objectives are to present readers with information that supports their theory that dieting is unhealthy, inefficient for weight control, and even dangerous, and to inform readers of a viable alternative to dieting as it is commonly practiced.
The authors use subtitles used to present steps. Step One is Recognize and Acknowledge the Danger That Dieting Causes. Step Two is e Aware of Diet-Mentality Traits and Thinking. Step Three: Get Rid of the Dieter's Tools. (Tribole and Resch, 1995) The steps…
Reeves, Richard. "The Stress Myth." Happy Mondays: Putting the Pleasure Back Into Work. (2001) London: Pearson.
Tribole, Evelyn and Resch, Elyse. Intuitive Eating: A Recovery Book for the Chronic Dieter. (1995) New York: Bedford/St. Martin's.
In viewing the field of education, the issue of students' lacking retention of material has long been associated with a teacher's inability to enforce learning materials in such a manner that every student within a class -- despite their own personal learning style -- retains the information presented to them in a way that aids in their academic proficiency, attitude, and memory of the information given them. Deveci (2003) defines the concept of differed learning styles as the difference between how students learn and what they learn, noting that only when different learning styles are utilized within the classroom, will students be able to take on a more individualized approach to their work that will aid in their overall academic achievement and success (Deveci, 2003, p.25).
The experiment presented by Guven and Yazicilar in a recent edition of the Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences aimed to present…
Deveci, H. (2003). The effect of problem-based learning to attitudes, success and retention in social studies. Eskisehir, Turkey: Anadolu University Publications.
Guven, B. And Yazicilar, O. (2009). The effects of learning style activities on academic achievement, attitudes and recall level. Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1.1: pp. 2578-2583. Web. Retrieved from: Science Direct Database.
Mogg, K., Pierre P., & Bradley, B.P. (2004). Selective attention to angry faces in clinical social phobia. J Abnormal Psych, 113 (1), 160-165.
The present study investigated the time course of attentional biases to emotional facial responses in patients with diagnosed social phobia. The social phobia group showed enhanced vigilance to angry faces, relative to happy and neutral faces, compared to matched controls at 500 ms but not 1250 ms of exposure duration
The results of the present study provide evidence for initial vigilance for angry faces in patients with clinical social anxiety. These data are consistent with several studies related to cognitive bias in anxiety disorders (Mogg & Bradley, 1998). esults from this study suggest that social phobia has a different pattern of attentional bias from other anxiety disorders. Social phobia is characterized by attentional avoidance rather than vigilance for external threat cues.
The finding of attentional…
Mansell, W., Clark, D.M., Ehlers, A., & Chen, Y.P. (1999). Social anxiety and attention away from emotional faces. Cognition and Emotion, 13, 673-690.
Mogg, K., & Bradley, B.P. (1998). A cognitive-motivational analysis of anxiety. Behav Res Ther, 36(9), 809-848.
500 ms assesses initial orienting; 1250 ms assesses subsequent attentional bias
Data greater than 2 standard deviations above the mean were discarded. Statistically, this outcome may be anticipated in 1 out of every 20 tests.
Professional Journal Field Ergonomics Arti
The article critiqued in this document is entitled "Workplace economics." It was authored by representatives from the American Chiropractic Association -- although a specific author is not identified. This article serves as an overview to the field of ergonomics as it affects the workplace. The author approaches the topic from a decidedly broad perspective. There are a number of generalizations that are made in this article. In fact, very few of the assertions within it are actually substantiated. As such, it appears as though the author believes the reader should simply believe him or her based on the author's word, or perhaps because of the publication's backing by the American Chiropractic Association.
A STATEMENT OF THE ESEACH POBLEM
There is no research problem identified in this article. Furthermore, there is no original research performed in it. The only type of problem identified in the article…
American Chiropractic Association (no date). Workplace ergonomics. Healthy Living.
Kelby, J. (2014). Nuts & bolts of effective ergonomics programs. Professional Safety. 59(8), 53-54.
Experimentation Critique esource
Imagine analyzing an article in depth on its experimentation. What will one find? Will the variables impact the study? Will the researchers provide the necessary details for a person to or a group of people to replicate it? One will provide an analysis on a specific business article that deals with employment laws.
One needs to note the variables involved that are with the article. Since this is a business aspect studied in depth, one is able to make note of the experimentation used in the research. The independent variable is that of "discrimination, accommodation, race, age and gender. All of these are independent variables with this article. However, one needs to discuss the dependent variables involved in this particular study (Armstrong, Koch, Lewis, Hurley, Lewis, & McMahon, 2009). These include diseases, such as HIV / AIDS, heart, alcoholism, limbs, learning disability, and anything health related that…
Armstrong, A.J., Koch, L., Lewis, A., Hurley, J., Lewis, P., & McMahon, B. (2009). Gender, disability, and ADA title I employment discrimination: A comparison of male and female charging party characteristics: The national EEOC ADA research project. Review of Disability Studies, 19-33.
Comparison of the Effect of isk and Protective Factors on Suicide Attempts in a Group of Triethnic Adolescents Divided According to ace, Gender and Age.
This is an critique on a research paper about self-reported suicide attempts in a triethnic group of adolescents. 2 references are given.
The purpose of the following paper is to evaluate and critique a study performed on a group of students pertaining to adolescent suicide. This study attempts to examine the multiple factors affecting recent suicide attempts in adolescents from three different ethnic backgrounds. The resilience model is used to describe and analyze the relationships between these variables categorized according to sex, age and race. A group of 10,059 school children from the 7th, 9th, and 11th grade in Connecticut were surveyed in 1996 and data from the African-American, Hispanic Latino and American Caucasian respondents was analyzed using bi -- and multivariate methods.…
1. Rew et al., 2001, Correlates of Recent Suicide Attempts in a Triethnic Group of Adolescents, Journal of Nursing Scholarship.
2.Oquendo MA, Ellis SP, Greenwald S, Malone KM, Weissman MM, Mann JJ, 2001.: Ethnic and sex differences in suicide rates relative to major depression in the United States, Am J. Psychiatry 158(10): 1652-1658
However, in doing so, Parker could be criticized of the fallacy of exaggeration -- Mrs. Post's missives are taken to an illogical, rather than logical extremes, beyond that was intended by the author. Parker is on more familiar turf, when she parodies the author's stress upon not offending individuals in conversation. But although witty, it is important to remember that Parker's social circle was different than those of Post's likely readership. Different social situations and context call for different behavior, thus making Parker guilty of a false analogy -- if one suppresses one's opinion in one dinner party does not mean one cannot write an editorial about the subject to the press the next day, or behave in a more loose and informal fashion at the Algonquin Round Table. After all, even today, one does not behave with the same good manners at a poker meeting between one's nearest and…
Parker, Dorothy. "Mrs. Post Enlarges on Etiquette." From Essays in Context. Editors Sandra Tropp & Ann D'Angelo. New York: Oxford Publishing Press, 2001.
American Academy Pediatrics publication a critique a media portrayal substance, links made AAP statement material. The password EBook: apusstudent I uploaded rest material.
American Academy of Pediatrics' Policy Statement concerning media portrayal of substance abuse touches upon several important issues that arise along with the media products' influence on America's young population at large. The article's targeted list of open-access channels associated with messages of noxious substance use include advertisements, television shows, motion pictures, social websites and music. Attention is directed specifically towards the findings of broadly conducted research in the matter of harm inflicted on children and adolescents as a result of the entertainment industry's depictions of legal and illegal substances, such as alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and heroin. Based on these findings, Pediatrics proposes a set of familial, institutional and legislative measures designed to minimize or abolish the destructive influence that media effects on a child's and teenager's development…
American Academy of Pediatrics. (2010, October). Policy Statement -- Children, Adolescents, Substance Abuse and the Media. Pediatrics, Vol. 126, No. 4, pp. 791-799.
Levinthal, C.F. (2012). Drugs, Behavior, and Modern Society, Seventh Edition. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Macdonald, A. (Producer), & Boyle, D. (Director). (1996). Trainspotting [Motion picture]. United Kingdom: Channel Four Films.
Roberts, D.F. et al. (1999). Substance Use in Popular Movies and Music. Office of National Drug Control Policy, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (U.S.). Retrieved from www.ncjrs.gov
A college student talking to an old high school friend through Instant Messaging may send that friend a copy of an interesting article that flashed across the screen. News may not be prime reason for using the Internet but still the Internet is vital for transmitting news and opinion, even of dispatches from war torn areas, or disaster afflicted zones where the conventional media cannot penetrate. In ages past, sitting around the television watching the news may have had other purposes than information -- family togetherness, relaxation, as well, but that did not discount the information received.
Furthermore, the Internet provides a plurality of viewpoints that the three networks and the major city newspapers did not and often still do not provide. One could even make a parallel to the plethora of newspapers of the turn of the century, all biased and slanted and somewhat dubious in fact-checking perhaps (but…
Mindich, David. Tuned Out: Why Americans under 40 don't follow the news. New York: Oxford Press, 2004
NURSING CRITIQUE ON LAW: LIFE, LIERTY AND THE PURSUIT OF PALLIATION: RE-EVALUATING RONALD LINDSAY'S EVALUATION OF THE OREGON DEATH WITH DIGNITY ACT Y DURANTE (2009)
The objective of this study is to critique the work of Durante (2009) entitled "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Palliation: Re-Evaluating Ronald Lindsay's Evaluation of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act." The Death with Dignity Act was enacted by the state of Oregon on October 27, 1997. This act enables patients who are terminally ill to end their lives by use of self-administration of medications that are lethal in nature and that the physician has prescribed to the patient for this express purpose. The work of Durante (2009) examines the claims of Lindsay on this subject and reports that the evaluation of the experience of Oregon with physician-assisted suicide of Ronald Lindsay is "a much needed counterpart to moral speculation." (p. 28) According to…
Durante, C. (2009) Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Palliation: Re-Evaluating Ronald Lindsay's Evaluation of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act. The American Journal of Bioethics. 9(3): 28-45, 2009.
Death with Dignity Act (2014) Oregon. Gov Public Health. Retrieved from: http://public.health.oregon.gov/ProviderPartnerResources/Evaluationresearch/deathwithdignityact/Pages/index.aspx
Dussich J.P.J., (n.d). Victimology-Past, Present and Future. http://www.unafei.or.jp/english/pdf/RS_No70/No70_12VE_Dussich.pdf
This is a report that was presented by Dussich John who holds a PhD in sociology and criminology from the Florida State University. He is a renown scholar in matters to do with sociology and criminology hence has in-depth presentation of the issue of victimology.
This report emanates from a research that significantly employed the literature review approach towards the research. Dussich goes deep into reviewing literature that exists in various articles and books in the past on the subject and comes out with not only the details of victimology and those relevant events to the topic, but also with dates that these outstanding events took place. This reconstruction and collection of facts brings into perspective the gradual development of the subject of victimology over time.
The data used in the research report is very relevant in putting forth the gradual development…
1) Given the recent tardy but well-meaning responses by the federal, state and local officials in the Gulf Coast, it can be assumed that the nation remains relatively unprepared for a terrorist attack of September 11-proportions. The U.S. is struggling to negotiate a nuclear arms treaty with Iran and North Korea (the latter having recently agreed to forego additional nuclear weapons testing in exchange for light-water nuclear reactors, a "breakthrough" that returns the U.S. To the same position it had under the Clinton administration) and is waging a fighting war in Afghanistan and Iraq.
2) "Taking the battle to the enemy" appears to be immensely preferable, at least from the perspective of someone sitting safely at home pontificating about it, than waiting for an attack of any sort on the nation's interests.
3) Certainly, the U.S. And much of the world has increasingly come to rely on the…
Article Critique Worksheet
1. Correctly reference the article using current APA format.
Schutt, M., Allen, B.S. & Laumakis, M.A. (2009). The Effects of Instructor Immediacy Behaviors in Online Learning Environments. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 10(2), 135-148.
2. What is the purpose of the study? In the present study, the authors sought to assess and evaluate the perception of participants in relation to the social presence as well as immediacy of the instructor and how immediacy relates to social presence in online educational settings.
3. List the hypotheses; then, underline and label the corresponding independent/dependent variables or predictor/criterion variables. Are there any covariates? If so, name them.
Several hypotheses were analyzed by the authors in the context of the highlighted educational settings. The hypotheses have been stated below:
Hypothesis 1i: Participants who view the high-immediacy sessions will indicate higher perception of instructor immediacy than the participants who view the…
‘I’ve Been Pondering Whether You Can Be a Part-feminist’
This is an article by Kate Hughes that is based on a qualitative year-long study of young women and their perception of feminism. The author intended to establish if there are any changes in perception of gender within the personal lives of the women after they took the Women's Studies program (Hughes). It is clear that gender perceptions are based on an individual's culture and upbringing with different cultures having different views on the roles of women. This article articulates this clearly and the author has managed to demonstrate how these perceptions change within a short period of time. The women were first interviewed when they began the program and a follow up was done 9 months later. The responses by the interviewees initially were reserved and most of the young women felt they were being influenced by their cultures. However,…
fall of the former Soviet Union in the early 1990s spurred debate among policymakers and intellectuals about the shape of future of world politics, and the role that the U.S. would play in it. One of the greatest early voices in this debate was Samuel Huntington, who through his article, 'The Clash of Civilizations', took difference in civilization as the greatest source of conflict in the international political system in the post Cold-War period. According to Huntington, conflicts between civilizations seeking to gain and maintain influence in a new world order are the leading source of interstate instability in the post-Cold War era. Events such as the 9/11 terrorist attack in New York, as well as the bombings in London, Madrid, and Bali have been interpreted by many scholars as evidence for this particular paradigm. However, other scholars have come out strongly in critique of Huntington's viewpoint. One such scholar…
Ashraf, M. M. (2012). The Clash of Civilizations: A Critique: Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 32(2), 521-527.
Dunn, M. (2006). The Clash of Civilizations and the War on Terror. 49th Parallel, 20(1),1-12.
Huntington, S. P. (1993). The Clash of Civilizations. Foreign Affairs, 72(3), 22-49.
Area: Organizational Psychology
Jam, F. F., Sheikh, A. R., Iqbal, H., Zaidi, B. H., Anis, Y., & Muzaffar, M. (2011). Combined effects of perception of politics and political skill on employee job outcomes. African Journal of Business Management, 5(23), 9896-9904. Retrieved from http://academicjournals.org/article/article1380363658_Jam%20et%20al.pdf
This review will critically assess the aforementioned paper with regard to subject introduction, intellectual plot, methodology, discussion and outcomes. Further, the article will be summarized followed by an analysis of its structure.
This paper attempted to examine the link of POP (perception of politics) with job outcomes, facilitated by political abilities, in companies within Pakistan. Numerous job outcomes like job stress, affective communication, contextual performance, and turnover intent, have been addressed. The research is grounded in the resource conservation theory (Hobfoll, 2002), which stresses that political capabilities help tackle job stressors. Hence, an examination of its role relative to job outcomes and POP…
Kornienko, O., Santos, C. E., Martin, C. L., & Granger, K. L. (2016). Peer influence on gender identity development in adolescence. Developmental psychology, 52(10), 1578.
I. Statement of the Problem
a. Research Topic
The topic of the research is the impact of peer influence on the development of gender identity amongst adolescents
b. Research Question and Hypothesis
The article investigates peer influence on gender identity through the use of panel data on gender identity and friendship networks gathered from students in the 7th and 8th grade from an ethnically diverse public middle school. The main hypothesis of the study is that adolescents would alter their gender identity self-concepts to become akin to their friends and that such effects would take place even when network selection impacts were controlled. The second hypothesis of the study is that stronger peer influence effects on between-gender dimensions of gender identity than within-gender dimensions of…
In other words, it's all well and good for McKevith to focus only on the hard figures (fiber content, what makes up each cereal, etc.) but Berketova is focusing on both parts of the research equation (everything McKevith looked at but also inclusive of consumer opinion, why consumers choose one cereal over another, personal opinions, etc.) and thus this research will be more illuminating if done correctly since the research addresses the hard figures as well as the insights that statistics and figures cannot provide.
Using qualitative only (which Berketova did NOT do) would be unwise for anything that has relevant statistical information to gain. As such, it is wise that Berketova included both dimensions. McKevith did quantative only which is fine if assessing the "what"…but again, it's not the least bit adept at answering any "why" questions about who is consuming what and "why."
As noted above, quantitative…
Berketova, L. (2006). [Study of qualitative and quantitative of dietary fibre composition in dry breakfasts and food supplements, contains wheaten brain]. Voprosy Pitaniia,
McKevith, B. (2004). Nutritional aspects of cereals. Nutrition Bulletin, 29(2), 111-142.
Sampling Data Analyses the single-study critique paper 2 individual assignment. Develop individual response Single-Study Paper 2 IOM topic area. Use article Single Study Critiques 1-2. It a requirement a quantitative study paper.
Quantitative article analysis
The Nursing esearch article "Effectiveness of an Aspiration isk-eduction Protocol" addresses a proposed method to reduce the risk of aspiration in critically ill patients through a three-pronged intervention strategy. The intervention strategy components include "maintaining head-of-bed elevation at 30 degrees or higher, unless contraindicated; inserting feeding tubes into distal small bowel, when indicated; and using an algorithmic approach for high gastric residual volumes" (Metheny, Davis-Jackson & Stewart 2010: 1). It used a two-group quasi-experimental design of critically ill, mechanically ventilated adult patients receiving tube feedings. 329 were in the control population, 145 in the experimental group (Metheny, Davis-Jackson & Stewart 2010: 1). The patients were all drawn from the same five ICUs at a Level…
Metheny, Norma A., Jami Davis-Jackson & Barbara J. Stewart. (2010). Effectiveness of an Aspiration Risk-Reduction Protocol. Nursing Research, 59(1): 18 -- 25. Retrieved: doi:10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181c3ba05.
" Cultural and social differences, then, between men and women are not so much reflections of differing social roles and expectations as they are reflections of basic genetic differences between men and women..." (Groenhout 51)
3.1. The family
To understand this criticism of feminism and the reaction to the attack on female domesticity, one has to know something about the background that initiated this reaction. This refers especially to the view of the family as a valued institution central to the structure of society that is in decline throughout the world.
A number or critics note how the feminist view and the "new" role of women in society has negatively affected the family. This has resulted as well in many feminists turning against the more radical views of feminism as they feel that they endanger the integrity of the family and family life. As one critic notes, "From the early…
Abrams, Kathryn. "From Autonomy to Agency: Feminist Perspectives on Self-Direction." William and Mary Law Review 40.3 (1999): 805. Questia. 14 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001258482 .
Kozol W. Fracturing Domesticity: Media, Nationalism, and the Question of Feminist Influence. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 20, no. 3, 1995.
Benedict, Helen. "Fear of Feminism." The Nation 11 May 1998: 10. Questia. 14 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002286596 .
Because our programs have such great diversity, we could literally become aware of many new cultures. I think that the parents could also do more volunteer work with or for the school. Classroom aides or lunch aids could help children see other' at work and in the school setting. But the most important, is that the schools address the lack of diversity in the text books. For example, we teach almost nothing about Muslim or Middle Eastern cultural perspectives in our curriculum. We are not trying to convert students, only make them more aware.
In addition, I am aware of some situational discrimination outside of the school. I have witnessed it myself and I must admit that I was quite surprised by it. Although the article was about educational issues, I can attest that our Arab and practicing Muslims students as well as others of Middle Eastern descendent have been…
Nieto, S. (2002). Affirmation, Solidary and Critique: Moving Beyond Tolerance in Education. In E. Lee, D. Menkart, & M. Okazawa-Rey (Eds.) Beyond heroes and holidays: A practical guide to K-12 anti-racist, multicultural education and staff development. Washington, D.C.: Teaching Change.
persuade classmates film effective social critique. Using Toulmin system, make a claim film's effectiveness ineffectiveness, provide reasons support claim, supply grounds film support reasons.
The cinematography industry generates numerous motion pictures directed at dealing with contemporary problems and while most of them are Hollywodian and thus commercial in character, they nonetheless manage to put across a thorough account of the topic that they discuss. Paul Haggis' 2004 film Crash is obviously meant to deal with racism and with the fact that it poses a threat to society's well-being. Although the script is filled with marketable elements and most events in it are unlikely to happen in real life (at least not in successive order), the movie express racism exactly as it is, emphasizing that society should indeed be alarmed because of the discriminating character people display on a daily basis.
Considering that Los Angeles is a city overwhelmed with…
1. Avila, Eric. Popular Culture in the Age of White Flight: Fear and Fantasy in Suburban Los Angeles (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004).
2. Fibbs, Brandon. "Crash." Retrieved November 2, 2010, from the Brandon Fibbs Website: http://brandonfibbs.com/2005/05/06/crash/
3. Greydanus, Steven D. "Crash." Retrieved November 2, 2010, from the Decent Films Website: http://www.decentfilms.com/reviews/crash2005.html
4. Gormley, Paul. Retrieved November 2, 2010, from the Darkmatter Website: http://www.darkmatter101.org/site/2007/05/07/crash-and-the-city/
Systematic esearch eview
Critique of Systemic esearch (S) ELATED TO NUSING
Critique of a Systematic esearch eview (S):
Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review
Breast cancer is one of the most deadly and fastest-spreading cancers in the world today. To mitigate the tide of this epidemic should ideally include preventative measures as well as proactive treatments. The purpose of the literature review "Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review" by Parvani (2011) was to assess the current research findings on the degree to which breast self-examination and more general breast self-awareness campaigns were useful in increasing the rates of early detection of breast cancer.
esearch rigor of selected studies
Studies were not screened for specific levels of research rigor. General medical databases were searched for relevant studies using Medline, CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, and Cochrane using words such as "breast awareness," difference," "breast self-examination," breast…
Parvani, Z. (2011). Breast self-examination, breast awareness, and practices of systemic review.
Professional Medical Journal, 18(2), 336-339.
CRM is not "speed dil" on your desk phone or the
telemrketers' desk, it is set of technologies tht need to be
selectively nd crefully pplied to selling strtegies. At the
intersection of the book nd the rticle ssignment is the use of CRM s n
enbler of building reltionships of trust with employees.
Critique of the rticle
The uthors, writing this in 2002, were insightful nd even prophetic in
the sttements mde specificlly regrding business strtegies nd
processes being the primry determinnts of demnd for CRM.
While Siebel Systems hd enjoyed meteoric rise nd mny credit Tom Siebel
with originlly defining the term nd softwre ctegory of CRM, in 2002
there ws still strong focus on fetures, functions nd benefits in CRM
pplictions. This ws n er of big-bng CRM deployments, with literlly
thousnds of sets of softwre delivered. The uthors refuse to get on the
"big is better"…
and cost of CRM to be fully defined for the reader.
 Harvard Business Review (February, 2002) - Darrell K. Rigby, Frederick
F. Reichheld and Phil Schefter, Avoid the Four Perils of CRM. Harvard
Business Review. February, 2002. pages 101 - 109
One primary example of the common ground on both sides of Siddhartha's revelation is in his persistence at meditation, which Hesse is able to use accordingly to reflect a time and place where this was considered standard theological training.
The already existent nature of this foundation in Hinduism, which Mossman describes as elucidating a status of 'religious prodigy' in Siddhartha, offers a natural passage into the search of inner-truth. In his meeting with the Buddha, Siddhartha's epiphany causes a withdrawal from theological spirituality, with the inward search for truth and knowledge represented in this man becoming the functional aspect of the novel's value to readers. hat begins as an apparent work of investigative theology though transitions into one with clearer implications to spirituality in the face of materialism and other modern trappings.
The Mossman essay is an insightful work for its examination of the graduation in Hesse's work toward a…
DeLong, Brad. (1997). Restoring the Pre-World War I Economy. Slouching Towards Utopia? The Economic History of the Twentieth Century. Online at http://econ161.berkeley.edu/TCEH/Slouch_Restoring11.html.
Fielding, M. (2001). Target Setting, Policy Pathology and Student Perspectives. Routledge.
Garzilli, E. (1972). Circles Without Center: Paths to Discovery and Creation of Self in Modern Literature. Harvard University Press.
Hesse, Herman. (1922). Siddhartha. Courier-Dover Publications.
On the American 'front,' Schrempp has found himself in conflict with American unions, as he attempts to negotiate an early retirement settlement with unnecessary workers, to reduce costs. Schrempp evidently hopes to maintain a positive buzz about the company, keep investors happy and thus keep revenue flowing in the future, while taking a hit in the short-term as he waits for the company to gradually show a profit once more workers retire. It remains to be seen if his strategy will pay off.
Obviously, the CEO hopes that there will be savings on the horizon, and feels that the greatest risk posed to the company is by a hostile takeover that could occur if the crucial Deutsche Bank and the Kuwait Investment Authorities sell their shares in the company, given that they make up such a large percentage of the company's investors. But if the company continues to use up…
This study indicates that introducing new policing methods can be extremely problematic, (at least in the CMP organization), and that it can lead to dissention in departments and even in executive areas. It also shows a shift in overall thinking and governance to a more liberal outlook, both on crime and in the public, and it seems this shift is likely to continue. This seems to be a result of an overall shift in the public's awareness and needs in policing, and it should continue in the future. This seems to be continued in the public outcry and legislative response introducing legislation to get tougher on crime, as well.
Finally, the final article expresses the views of Canadians on three key issues: sentencing severity, the purposes of sentencing, and mandatory sentences of imprisonment. Canadians over the past 30 years have felt these issues are too lenient, and this continues, even…
Deukmedjian, J.E. (July 2006). From community to intelligence: Executive realignment of RCMP mission. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice. 523-542.
Office of the Prime Minister, (2006). Tackling crime: Stronger laws. Retrieved from the Government of Canada Web site: http://www.tacklingcrime.gc.ca/stronger_laws_e.asp19 Oct. 2007.
Roberts, J.V., Crutcher, N. And Verbrugge, P. (2007). Public attitudes to sentencing in Canada: Exploring recent findings. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice. 75-107.
Justice ithout Trial
The author and professor of criminal justice, Jerome Skolnick, argues in his book entitled Justice ithout Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic Society, that the first line of defense in the protection of personal safety and property any democratic society is that of effective law enforcement. However, the police form not a human line of protective and retributive justice, as they ideally should, but instead have created and fucntion as a subculture with little respect for other institutions of justice in the nation, such as trial by jury and presumptions of innocence. Instead, Skolnick states that even in allegedly democratic America, justice takes place without a trial, in the eyes of the prejudices of a policeman when they see a supposed perpetrator in the night. The presumption of guilt in the heart of the policeman, rather than the objectivity of a judge becomes the most compelling determinant of…
Skolnick, Jerome. (1993) Justice Without Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic Society, First published in aticle form in 1966.
A Brief Critique of Database Security Articles
The focus of both papers to be critiqued is the definition, status, and significance of database security. As many corporations such as Amazon and Google move toward using cloud computing, there is greater concern for the security of information contained within databases. Long before cloud computing (long in technology terms), database security was a primary concern in information technology. The paper will offer insight as to the validity of the arguments presented in each piece as well as significance of the topic in general.
Mashburn states that although companies utilize databases placed on the Internet, most companies are unaware of their databases' security. He claims that companies are prioritizing the convenience of using Internet databases over preventative security measures to keep the data safe. This lack of awareness will ultimately cost companies money. The data may be compromised in some way…
Fountain, Barry William. "Database Security." American Public University System.
Mashburn, Wayne E. "Database Security and Why is it Important?" American Public University System.
Empathy and Counseling
Review and Critique of "The Relationship Between Clients' Perceptions of Therapist-Parent Similarity with Respect to Empathy, Regard and Unconditionality and Therapists' Ratings of Client Transference" (1998) by Barrie Mariner Arachtingi and James W. Lichtenberg
From a counseling perspective, it is clearly much easier to have sympathy for others in need, such as "sympathy for the poor," than it is to have empathy, which requires a significant mental and emotional involvement. A study by Barrie Mariner Arachtingi and James W. Lichtenberg (1998) investigated the similarity between clients' perceptions of their therapists and their perceptions of their parents (or early parental figures) in terms of the relationship qualities of empathy, positive regard, and unconditionality of regard and how those perceptions compared with their therapists' ratings of transference.
ypothesis. The study hypothesis was that there was a positive associated between the similarity of the therapist and parents or parental figures…
Hypothesis. The study hypothesis was that there was a positive associated between the similarity of the therapist and parents or parental figures on the relationship dimensions of empathy, regard, and unconditionality and therapist ratings of transference. The researchers cite Freud's (1912) definition of transference as being.".. The experiencing of feelings, drives, attitudes, fantasies, and defenses toward a person in the present that are inappropriate to that person and are a repetition or displacement of reactions that originated regarding significant persons in early childhood" (p. 143).
Study Participants and Methods. The study participants were 62 actual therapy dyads (27 women and 35 men), ranging in age from 19 to 63 years (M = 40.18, SD = 12.01). Clients of varying diagnoses were included in the study; however, clients with thought disorders were eliminated due to potential problems concerning informed consent. The actual number of sessions attended by clients ranged from 5 to 200 (M = 40. 18, SD = 44.77); 29 therapists participated in the study as well (17 women and 12 men) and the therapists' credentials were supplied. The authors report that the therapists' ages ranged from 25 to 61 years (M = 43.59, SD = 10.07). Therapists' descriptions of their theoretical orientations were varied, although the most common orientations included psychodynamic, eclectic, and cognitive behavioral. The average number of clients that were seen by each therapist was 2.14 (SD = 1.62).
Results. The results of the study failed to support their hypothesized positive association between the similarity of the therapist and parents or parental figures on the relationship dimensions of empathy, regard, and unconditionality and therapist ratings of transference. Rather, the researchers suggested that the clients' relationship ratings of their parents and therapists indicated that the therapists' perceptions of transference may more accurately reflect their perceptions of their clients' nontransferential (i.e., real relationship) reactions to the therapist. In summary, Arachtingi and Lichtenberg conclude that the results of their study raise the question of whether therapist-observed transference adequately reflects a distortion of the current therapy relationship and a perceptual repetition of the relationship the client had with earlier parental figures, with such repetition being defined in terms of the perceived similarity of the relationship conditions offered by the clients' therapist and parents. Rather, they suggest that there appears to be the potential that the therapists' own perceptions of transference are a function of clients' reality-based reactions to the therapist; this may result from the contrast between clients' relationships with their parents and current therapy relationship experiences. As a result, they recommend that therapists consider such a possibility when analyzing a perceived transference reaction during therapy. "Specifically," they say, "it may be appropriate for therapists to consider that a client's positive image of
Internet Usage on our Lives: A Critique of the Shallows
The pervasive adoption of the Internet continues to completely redefine the nature and scope of people's lives and their ability to communicate and collaborate globally. The Internet is also enabling entirely new approaches to defining methods of co-creation with customers, in addition to the creation and growth of virtual work teams (Panteli, Duncan, 2004). From friends who connect and communicate with one another across continents using Skype over the Internet to the work teams that have developers in the United States, Ukraine, Asia and Australia, the Internet is the common foundation that accelerates communication, shared data, experiences and makes complex tasks accomplishable. Technology is the enabler of greater transparency and trust when used over time to unify people, processes and systems across broad geographic and culture distances (Andriole, 2006). Contrary to this perspective however are the concepts presented in the…
Andriole, S.J. (2006). The collaborate/integrate business technology strategy. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 49(5), 85-90.
Carr, N. (2011). The Shallows, What The Internet Is Doing To Our Brains. New York W.W. Norton & Co Inc.
Nolan, T., Brizland, R., & Macaulay, L. (2007). Individual trust and development of online business communities. Information Technology & People, 20(1), 53-71.
Panteli, N., & Duncan, E. (2004). Trust and temporary virtual teams: Alternative explanations and dramaturgical relationships. Information Technology & People, 17(4), 423-441.
ob einer's 1987 film The Princess Bride enjoyed only moderate box office revenues, but developed popular underground appeal and has become a cult classic. The enduring respect for einer's quirky romantic comedy is immediately apparent: it is far from formulaic, and does not truly fit in either to the "rom com" designation or that of a fantasy. The Princess Bride also includes a cast filled with luminaries like Peter Falk, Andre the Giant, and Christopher Guest. Its cast and celebrity director therefore enhances the credibility of The Princess Bride. Ultimately, though, the script and the overall tone of the film make The Princess Bride classically compelling. William Goldman's eponymous novel, upon which the film is based, transforms seamlessly into a film that capitalizes on the clever story-within-a-story concept. Peter Falk reads The Princess Bride to his grandson, who is staying home sick from school. At first, the grandson balks at…
Berardinelli, J. (2003). The Princess Bride. Retrieved online: http://www.reelviews.net/movies/p/princess_bride.html
Ebert, R. (1987). The Princess Bride. Retrieved online: http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19871009/REVIEWS/710090301/1023
Ecroyd, C.S. (1991). Motivating students through reading aloud. The English Journal 80(6).
Henry, R. And Rossen-Knill, D.F. The Princess Bride and the parodic impulse: The seduction of Cinderella. International Journal of Humor Research 11 (1): 43 -- 64, ISSN (Online) 1613-3722, ISSN (Print) 0933-1719, DOI: 10.1515/humr.19126.96.36.199, / / 1998
health care centers (PHCC) in Stockholm County, 40 of them were randomly selected using an old-fashioned, non-probability method of basically drawing names from a hat. The author notes, "every PHCC was given a unique number that was written on a paper card and placed in a pot. For transparency, two colleagues independently drew 20 paper cards each, a total of 40." Of these 40, one declined to participate. Therefore, 39 PHCCs were selected, and one nurse from each PHCC served as contact person. The sample size is adequate and actually fairly large for the study. Although unconventional, bias was not introduced by using this method of sample selection, and the sample can be considered representative of the population given the randomness of the PHCC selection procedure. Eligibility criteria are also clearly identified, as the contact person nurse needed to comply with the study design, namely to distribute anonymous questionnaires to…
Sundborg, E.M., Saleh-Stattin, N., Wandell, P. & Tornkvist, L. (2012). Nurses' preparedness to care for women exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: a quantitative study in primary health care. BMC Nursing 11(1). Retrieved online: http://bmcnurs.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6955-11-1